N. K. Gaur - Delhi University

N. K. Gaur
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Name
N. K. Gaur
Affiliation
Delhi University
City
New Delhi
Country
India

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High Energy Physics - Phenomenology (35)
 
Physics - Materials Science (3)
 
Physics - General Physics (2)
 
Physics - Physics Education (2)
 
Physics - Other (1)
 
High Energy Physics - Experiment (1)

Publications Authored By N. K. Gaur

The ATLAS and CMS collaborations at the LHC have performed analyses on the existing data sets, studying the case of one vector-like fermion or multiplet coupling to the standard model Yukawa sector. In the near future, with more data available, these experimental collaborations will start to investigate more realistic cases. The presence of more than one extra vector-like multiplet is indeed a common situation in many extensions of the standard model. Read More

Motivated by the recent result reported from LHC on the di-photon search for a Standard Model (SM) Higgs-like boson. We discuss the implications of this possible signal in the framework of the Inert Higgs Doublet Model (IHDM), taking into account previous limits from Higgs searches at LEP, the Tevatron and the LHC as well as constraints from unitarity, vacuum stability and electroweak precision tests. We show that the charged Higgs contributions can interfere constructively or destructively with the W gauge bosons loops leading to enhancement or suppression of the di-photon rate with respect to SM rate. Read More

We consider the phenomenology at the Large Hadron Collider of new heavy vector-like quarks which couple mainly to the third generation quarks via Yukawa interactions, with special emphasis on non-standard doublet representations which are less constrained from present data. We also discuss in detail the flavour limits at tree level and loop level and implications of a generalised CKM mixing matrix to these cases. Read More

The production of doubly charged Higgs bosons (H^{\pm\pm}) at the CERN LHC can give rise to distinctive multi-lepton signatures. The discovery potential of H^{\pm\pm} can be optimized by considering a search strategy which is sensitive to both of the dominant production mechanisms, q\bar q\to H^{++}H^{--} and q\bar {q'}\to H^{\pm\pm}H^{\mp}. We compare the discovery potential for the signatures of exactly four leptons and at least three leptons in the final state, using the same set of cuts. Read More

We have used a shell model to study the phonon dynamics of multiferroic manganites RMnO3 (R= Tb, Dy, Ho). The calculated phonon dynamical properties, crystal structure, Raman frequencies and specific heat are found to be in good agreement with the available experimental data. Besides, the phonon density of states, elastic constants and phonon dispersion curves along high symmetry directions (sigma, delta and lambda) have also been computed. Read More

2009Nov
Affiliations: 1IPN Lyon, 2Jamia Millia Islamia, 3IPN Lyon, 4Delhi U., 5LPSC Grenoble

Little Higgs models are often endowed with a T-parity in order to satisfy electroweak precision tests and give at the same time a stable particle which is a candidate for cold dark matter. This type of models predicts a set of new T-odd fermions in addition to the heavy gauge bosons of the Little Higgs models, which may show interesting signatures at colliders. In this paper, we study the signatures of strong and electroweak pair production of the first two generations of T-odd quarks at the LHC. Read More

We present an analysis of the decay process ${\bar B} \to {\bar K}_2(1430) \ell^+ \ell^-$, where this process has all the features of the related and well investigated process ${\bar B} \to {\bar K}^*(890) \ell^+ \ell^-$, with theoretically comparable branching ratios. The differential decay rate as well as the forward-backward asymmetry are worked out, where the sensitivity of these to possible right-handed couplings for the related $b \to s$ radiative decay are also investigated. Read More

2009Nov
Affiliations: 1IPN Lyon, 2Jamia Millia Islamia, 3IPN Lyon, 4Delhi U.

Little Higgs models with T-parity can easily satisfy electroweak precision tests and at the same time give a stable particle which is a candidate for cold dark matter. In addition to little Higgs heavy gauge bosons, this type of models predicts a set of new T-odd fermions, which may show quite interesting signatures at colliders. We study purely leptonic signatures of T-odd leptons at the Large Hadron Collider (LHC). Read More

Dielectric response has been studied for a new manganocuprate, Gd3Ba2Mn2Cu2O12 (Gd3222) as a function of temperature (100 - 300 K) and frequency (75 kHz to 1 MHz). The dielectric constant (e) exhibits a two step increase (two peaks) in e(T) with increasing temperature from 100 to 300 K. The first peak is seen around 150 K and the second one around 210 K (both for 75 kHz). Read More

Many extensions of the Standard Model (SM) of particle physics predict the existence of charged Higgs bosons with substantial couplings to SM particles, which would render them observable both directly at the LHC and indirectly at B-factories. For example, the charged Higgs boson couplings to fermions in two doublet Higgs models of type II, are proportional to the ratio of the two Higgs doublet vacuum expectation values (tan(beta)) and fermionic mass factors and could thus be substantial at large tan(beta) and/or for heavy fermions. In this work we perform a model-independent study of the charged Higgs boson couplings at the LHC and at B-factories for large values of tan(beta). Read More

The manganocuprate compound Gd3Ba2Mn2Cu2O12 (Gd-3222) has been synthesized by conventional solid state reaction method and its magnetic behavior has been studied by dc and ac magnetization (M) and heat capacity (C) measurements as a function of temperature (T). This compound crystallizes in a tetragonal structure (space group I4/mmm). We find that this compound exhibits three magnetic transitions, around 2. Read More

The Little Higgs model with T-parity (LHT) belongs to the non-minimal flavour violating model. This model has new sources of flavour and CP violation both in quark and leptonic sectors. These new sources of flavour violation originates by the interaction of Standard Model (SM) fermions with heavy gauge bosons and heavy (or mirror) fermions. Read More

Flavour Changing Neutral Current decays of the $B$-meson are a very useful tool for studying possible physics scenarios beyond the Standard Model (SM), where of the many FCNC modes radiative, purely leptonic and semi-leptonic decays of the $B$-meson are relatively clean tests. Within this context the BELLE collaboration has searched for the $B \to K_1(1270) \gamma$ process and provided an upper bound on this decay. In this work we have used this upper bound in studying the angular coorelations for the related semi-leptonic decay mode $B \to K_1(1270) (\to \rho K) \ell^+ \ell^-$, where we have used the form factors that have already been estimated for the $B \to K_1(1270) \gamma$ mode. Read More

In the present work we study the effects of an unparticle $\unpart$ as the possible source of missing energy in the decay $B \to K (K^*) + {\rm missing energy}$. We find that the dependence of the differential branching ratio on the $K$($K^*$)-meson's energy in the presence of the vector unparticle operators is very distinctive from that of the SM. Moreover, in using the existing upper bound on $B \to K (K^*) + {\rm missing energy}$ decays, we have been able to put more stringent constraints on the parameters of unparticle stuff. Read More

Recently H. Georgi has introduced an unparticle $\unpart$ in order to describe the low energy physics of a nontrivial scale invariant sector of an effective theory. In this work we have explored the phenomenology of an unparticle using the lepton flavour violating decay $\mu^{-}\to e^{-} e^{+} e^{-}$, and found that the branching ratio of this decay is strongly dependent on the scaling dimension. Read More

Little Higgs models with T-parity have a new source of lepton flavour violation. In this paper we consider the anomalous magnetic moment of the muon \gmtwo and the lepton flavour violating decays \mutoeg and \tautomug in Little Higgs model with T-parity \cite{Goyal:2006vq}. Our results shows that present experimental constraints of \mutoeg is much more useful to constrain the new sources of flavour violation which are present in T-parity models. Read More

Though the predictions of the Standard Model (SM) are in excellent agreement with experiments there are still several theoretical problems associated with the Higgs sector of the SM, where it is widely believed that some ``{\it new physics}'' will take over at the TeV scale. One beyond the SM theory which resolves these problems is the Little Higgs (LH) model. In this work we have investigated the effects of the LH model on $\gggg$ scattering \cite{Choudhury:2006xa}. Read More

Though the predictions of the Standard Model (SM) are in excellent agreement with experiments there are still several theoretical problems, such as fine-tuning and the hierarchy problem. These problems are associated with the Higgs sector of the SM, where it is widely believed that some {\it ``new physics"} will take over at the TeV scale. One beyond the SM theory which resolves these problems is the Little Higgs (LH) model. Read More

In this note we examine the constraints imposed by muon anomalous magnetic moment ($(g-2)_\mu$) and $\mu^- \to e^+ e^- e^-$ on lepton number violating (LNV) couplings of the triplet Higgs in Little Higgs (LH) model. Read More

Standard Model (SM) CP asymmetries in $B \to K \ell^+ \ell^-$ are expected to be very small. This feature could help in the understanding of new physics scenarios which predict the existence of CP odd phases in various Wilson coefficients. In this paper we have analyzed the $B \to K \ell^+ \ell^-$ decay in beyond the SM scenarios where the Wilson coefficients have new CP odd phases. Read More

Among the various "rare" semi-leptonic decays of $B$-mesons the $B \to K^* \ell^+ \ell^-$ mode is of special interest. This is because it has the highest branching ratio among all the semi-leptonic B decays within the SM. This channel also provides us with a very large number of possible observables, such as the Forward Backward (FB) asymmetry, lepton polarization asymmetry etc. Read More

Leptonic decays of $B$-mesons are theoretically very clean probes for testing the Standard Model (SM) and possible physics beyond it. Amongst the various leptonic decays of the $B$-meson, the pure dileptonic decay $B \to \ell^+ \ell^-$ is very important as this mode is helicity suppressed in the SM but can be substantially enhanced in some of the models beyond the SM, such as supersymmetric (SUSY) theories and the two Higgs doublet model (2HDM). Although the purely dileptonic decay mode is helicity suppressed in the SM its associated mode $B \to \ell^+ \ell^- \gamma$ does not have the same suppression, due to the presence of the $\gamma$ in the final state. Read More

In this work we shall derive expressions for the single and double lepton polarization asymmetries for the exclusive decay $B \to K^* \ell^+ \ell^-$, using the most general model independent effective Hamiltonian. We have conducted this study with this particular channel as it has the highest branching ratio among the various purely leptonic and semi-leptonic decay modes, making this mode particularly useful for studying physics beyond the SM. We have also analyzed the effects on these polarization asymmetries, and hence the physics underlying it, when complex phases are included in some of the Wilson coefficients. Read More

Little Higgs models provides us a new solution of the {\it hierarchy problem} of the SM. The problem is associated with the large difference in scales of SM and plank scale. One of the main features of these models is the existence of a vector like top quark. Read More

An alternate solution of hierarchy problem in the Standard Model namely, the Little Higgs model, has been proposed lately. In this work $B_d^0-\bar{B_d^0}$ mass difference in the framework of the Little Higgs model is evaluated. The experimental limits on the mass difference is shown to provide meaningful constraints on the parameter space of the model. Read More

The sensitivity of the $B \to \pi K$ mode to electroweak penguins and the recent experimental data for the $B \to \pi \pi$, $\pi K$ modes has given rise to what is known as the ``$B \to \pi K$ puzzle''. Recently it has been observed that this {\sl puzzle} can be resolved by considering the new physics which can enter via $Z^0$ penguins. In this note we analyze the effect of this enhanced $Z^0$ penguins on the lepton polarization asymmetries of $b \to s \ell^+ \ell^-$. Read More

The relatively clean theoretical probes of the Standard Model (SM), and the various theories beyond the SM, provided by radiative, semi-leptonic and (purely) leptonic decays of B-mesons have become increasingly important. Due to the large number of possible distributions in the semi-leptonic decays based on the quark level transition $b \to s \ell^+ \ell^-$ (not just the branching ratio), these transitions have become very useful. A study of the Forward-Backward asymmetries for the inclusive decay ($B \to X_s \ell^+ \ell^-$) is carried out in this paper. Read More

Leptonic and semi-leptonic rare decays of B-mesons are very clean (both theoretically and experimentally) signatures of any new physics beyond the Standard Model (SM). More specifically the decay \btokll has been theoretically observed to be very sensitive to new physics as the Forward Backward (FB) asymmetry in this decay mode vanishes in the SM. Supersymmetry, however, predicts a non-vanishing value of this asymmetry. Read More

2003May
Authors: Naveen Gaur1
Affiliations: 1Department of Physics & Astrophysics, University of Delhi, India

Semi-leptonic and leptonic decays of B-mesons are important probes for testing SM and theories beyond it because of their relative cleanliness and far less theoretical uncertainties. In semi-leptonic decays based on quark level transition $b \to s \tau^+ \tau^-$ apart from branching ratio one can study many other (possible) observables associated with final state leptons like, lepton pair Forward Backward asymmetry, lepton polarization asymmetries etc. But as proposed recently if we can tag the B-meson than one can measure the polarization asymmetries of both the leptons. Read More

In this work we will study the polarizations of both leptons ($\tau$) in the decay channel $B\to K^* \tau^- \tau^+$. In the case of the dileptonic inclusive decay $B\to K^* \ell^- \ell^+$, where apart from the polarization asymmetries of single lepton $\ell$, one can also observe the polarization asymmetries of both leptons simultaneously. If this sort of measurement is possible then we can have, apart from decay rate, FB asymmetry and the six single lepton polarization asymmetries (three each for $\ell^-$ and $\ell^+$), nine more double polarization asymmetries. Read More

2002Jul
Affiliations: 1Department of Physics & Astrophysics, Delhi, India, 2Department of Physics & Astrophysics, Delhi, India

Scalar interactions (in effective Hamiltonian) can give significant variation of various experimental observables, as comparted to their respective Standard Model values, in dileptonic decays of B-meson. Also the quark level transition $b \to d \ell^- \ell^+$ can be useful to test CP violation. Here we will do comparative study of CP violation in two independent processes, which have the same quark level transition ($b \to d \ell^- \ell^+$), $B \to X_d \ell^- \ell^+$ (the inclusive decay mode) and the exclusive channel $B_d \to \ell^- \ell^+ \gamma$ (radiative dileptonic decay mode). Read More

In this paper we study the polarization asymmetries of the final state lepton in the radiative dileptonic decay of B meson (\bsllg) in the framework of Minimal Supersymmetric Standard Model (MSSM) and various other unified models within the framework of MSSM e.g. mSUGRA, SUGRA (where condition of universality of scalar masses is relaxed) etc. Read More

2002May
Affiliations: 1Dept. of Physics & Astrophysics, University of Delhi, Delhi, India, 2Dept. of Physics & Astrophysics, University of Delhi, Delhi, India

B-meson decays are very useful probes for testing the Standard Model and its various extensions. Leptonic decays of B have very clean signatures in this respect and hence can be very useful testing grounds. In this work we study the effects of MSSM (Minimal Supersymmetric Extension of Standard Model) on various kinematical distributions in the radiative dileptonic decay (\bsllg). Read More

In this paper we study the polarization asymmetries of the final state lepton in the radiative dileptonic decay of B meson (\bsllg) in the framework of Minimal Supersymmetric Standard Model (MSSM) and various other unified models within the framework of MSSM e.g. mSUGRA, SUGRA (where condition of universality of scalar masses is relaxed) etc. Read More

2001Dec
Authors: P. Arun1, Naveen Gaur2
Affiliations: 1Department of Physics & Astrophysics, University of Delhi, India, 2Department of Physics & Astrophysics, University of Delhi, India

The motion of a pendulum is described as Simple Harmonic Motion (SHM) in case the initial displacement given is small. If we relax this condition then we observe the deviation from the SHM. The equation of motion is non-linear and thus difficult to explain to under-graduate students. Read More

2001Jun
Authors: P. Arun1, Naveen Gaur2
Affiliations: 1Dept. of Physics & Astrophysics, University of Delhi,India, 2Dept. of Physics & Astrophysics, University of Delhi,India

The simple pendulum is one of the first experiments that students of higher physics do. There are certain precautions which the students are asked to take while performing the experiment. In this note we will try to explain as to why these precautions are taken up and what will happen if we relax them. Read More

A complete experiment on decay $K_L \to l^+ l^-$ will not only consist of measurement of the decay rates but also lepton polarization etc. These additional observations will yield tests of CP invariance in these decays. In $K_L$ and $K_S$ decays, the e mode is slower than the $\mu$ mode by roughly $(m_e/m_\mu)^2$ \cite{sehgal1}. Read More

Rare B decays provides an opportunity to probe for new physics beyond the standard model. the effective Hamiltonian for the decay $b \to s l^+ l^-$ predicts the characteristic polarization for the final state lepton. Lepton polarization has, in addition to a longitudinal component $P_L$, two orthogonal components $P_T$ and $P_N$ lying in and perpendicular to the decay plane. Read More

1998Oct
Affiliations: 1Univ. of Delhi,India, 2Univ. of Delhi,India

We have added some some refrences & given some figures giving results in parameter space allowed by b \to s \gamma. Conclusions more or less remains unchanged. Read More

A simple unifying mass matrix is presented for the three active and one sterile neutrinos $\nu_e$, $\nu_\mu$, $\nu_\tau$ and $\nu_s$, using an extension of the radiative mechanism proposed some time ago by Zee. The total neutrino-oscillation data are explained by the scheme $\nu_e \leftrightarrow \nu_s$ (solar), $\nu_\mu \leftrightarrow \nu_\tau$ (atmospheric) and $\nu_e \leftrightarrow \nu_\mu$ (LSND). We obtain the interesting approximate relationship $(\Delta m^2)_{atm} \simeq 2[(\Delta m^2)_{solar} (\Delta m^2)_{LSND}]^{1/2}$ which is well satisfied by the data. Read More