# Mohammad Reza Pakzad

## Contact Details

NameMohammad Reza Pakzad |
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## Pub CategoriesMathematics - Analysis of PDEs (10) Mathematics - Mathematical Physics (4) Mathematical Physics (4) Mathematics - Differential Geometry (3) Mathematics - Functional Analysis (1) Mathematics - Classical Analysis and ODEs (1) |

## Publications Authored By Mohammad Reza Pakzad

We prove that if $M$ and $N$ are Riemannian, oriented $n$-dimensional manifolds without boundary and additionally $N$ is compact, then Sobolev mappings $W^{1,n}(M,N)$ of finite distortion are continuous. In particular, $W^{1,n}(M,N)$ mappings with almost everywhere positive Jacobian are continuous. This result has been known since 1976 in the case of mappings $W^{1,n}(\Omega,\mathbb{R}^n)$, where $\Omega\subset\mathbb{R}^n$ is an open set. Read More

This paper concerns the questions of flexibility and rigidity of solutions to the Monge-Amp\`ere equation which arises as a natural geometrical constraint in prestrained nonlinear elasticity. In particular, we focus on anomalous i.e. Read More

We study a class of design problems in solid mechanics, leading to a variation on the classical question of equi-dimensional embeddability of Riemannian manifolds. In this general new context, we derive a necessary and sufficient existence condition, given through a system of total differential equations, and discuss its integrability. In the classical context, the same approach yields conditions of immersibility of a given metric in terms of the Riemann curvature tensor. Read More

We prove the $C^{1}$ regularity and developability of $W^{2,p}$ isometric immersions of $n$-dimensional flat domains into ${\mathbb R}^{n+k}$ where $p\ge \min\{2k, n\}$. Another parallel consequence of our methods is a similar regularity and rigidity result for the $W^{2,n}$ solutions of the degenerate Monge-Amp\`ere equations in $n$ dimensions. The analysis also applies to the situations when the degeneracy is extended to $(k+1)\times (k+1)$ minors of the Hessian matrix and the solution is $W^{2,p}$, with $p\ge \min\{2k, n\}$. Read More

We derive a new model for pre-strained thin films, which consists of minimizing a biharmonic energy of deformations $v\in W^{2,2}$ satisfying the Monge-Amp\`ere constraint $\det\nabla^2v = f$. We further discuss multiplicity properties of the minimizers of this model, in some special cases. Read More

Motivated by the degree of smoothness of constrained embeddings of surfaces in $\mathbb{R}^3$, and by the recent applications to the elasticity of shallow shells, we rigorously derive the $\Gamma$-limit of 3-dimensional nonlinear elastic energy of a shallow shell of thickness $h$, where the depth of the shell scales like $h^\alpha$ and the applied forces scale like $h^{\alpha+2}$, in the limit when $h\to 0$. The main analytical ingredients are two independent results: a theorem on approximation of $W^{2,2}$ solutions of the Monge-Amp\`ere equation by smooth solutions, and a theorem on the matching (in other words, continuation) of second order isometries to exact isometries. Read More

We prove the developability and $C^{1,1/2}$ regularity of $W^{2,2}$ isometric immersions of $n$-dimensional domains into $R^{n+1}$. As a conclusion we show that any such Sobolev isometry can be approximated by smooth isometries in the $W^{2,2}$ strong norm, provided the domain is $C^1$ and convex. Both results fail to be true if the Sobolev regularity is weaker than $W^{2,2}$. Read More

We perform a detailed analysis of first order Sobolev-regular infinitesimal isometries on developable surfaces without affine regions. We prove that given enough regularity of the surface, any first order infinitesimal isometry can be matched to an infinitesimal isometry of an arbitrarily high order. We discuss the implications of this result for the elasticity of thin developable shells. Read More

The three-dimensional shapes of thin lamina such as leaves, flowers, feathers, wings etc, are driven by the differential strain induced by the relative growth. The growth takes place through variations in the Riemannian metric, given on the thin sheet as a function of location in the central plane and also across its thickness. The shape is then a consequence of elastic energy minimization on the frustrated geometrical object. Read More

Using the notion of Gamma-convergence, we discuss the limiting behavior of the 3d nonlinear elastic energy for thin elliptic shells, as their thickness h converges to zero, under the assumption that the elastic energy of deformations scales like $h^\beta$ with $2<\beta<4$. We establish that, for the given scaling regime, the limiting theory reduces to the linear pure bending. Two major ingredients of the proofs are: the density of smooth infinitesimal isometries in the space of $W^{2,2}$ first order infinitesimal isometries, and a result on matching smooth infinitesimal isometries with exact isometric immersions on smooth elliptic surfaces. Read More

We study the $\Gamma$-limit of 3d nonlinear elasticity for shells of small, variable thickness, around an arbitrary smooth 2d surface. Read More

We discuss the limiting behavior (using the notion of \Gamma-limit) of the 3d nonlinear elasticity for thin shells around an arbitrary smooth 2d surface. In particular, under the assumption that the elastic energy of deformations scales like h^4 (where h is the thickness of a shell), we derive a limiting theory which is a generalization of the von K\'arm\'an theory for plates. Read More