Mikio Morii - Department of Physics, Tokyo Institute of Technology

Mikio Morii
Are you Mikio Morii?

Claim your profile, edit publications, add additional information:

Contact Details

Name
Mikio Morii
Affiliation
Department of Physics, Tokyo Institute of Technology
Location

Pubs By Year

External Links

Pub Categories

 
High Energy Astrophysical Phenomena (22)
 
Instrumentation and Methods for Astrophysics (6)
 
Astrophysics (4)
 
Solar and Stellar Astrophysics (1)
 
Cosmology and Nongalactic Astrophysics (1)

Publications Authored By Mikio Morii

Optical wide-field surveys with a high cadence are expected to create a new field of astronomy, so-called "movie astronomy," in the near future. The amount of data of the observations will be huge, and hence efficient data compression will be indispensable. Here we propose a low-rank matrix approximation with sparse matrix decomposition as a promising solution to reduce the data size effectively, while preserving sufficient scientific information. Read More

We present an application of machine-learning (ML) techniques to source selection in the optical transient survey data with Hyper Suprime-Cam (HSC) on the Subaru telescope. Our goal is to select real transient events accurately and in a timely manner out of a large number of false candidates, obtained with the standard difference-imaging method. We have developed the transient selector which is based on majority voting of three ML machines of AUC Boosting, Random Forest, and Deep Neural Network. Read More

23 giant flares from 13 active stars (eight RS CVn systems, one Algol system, three dMe stars and one YSO) were detected during the first two years of our all-sky X-ray monitoring with the gas propotional counters (GSC) of the Monitor of All-sky X-ray Image (MAXI). The observed parameters of all of these MAXI/GSC flares are found to be at the upper ends for stellar flares with the luminosity of 10^(31-34) ergs s-1 in the 2-20 keV band, the emission measure of 10^(54-57) cm-3, the e-folding time of 1 hour to 1.5 days, and the total radiative energy released during the flare of 10^(34-39) ergs. Read More

We analyzed continuous MAXI/GSC data of the X-ray binary pulsar 4U 1626-67 from 2009 October to 2013 September, and determined the pulse period and the pulse-period derivative for every 60-d interval by the epoch folding method. The obtained periods are consistent with those provided by the Fermi/GBM pulsar project. In all the 60-d intervals, the pulsar was observed to spin up, with the spin-up rate positively correlated with the 2-20 keV flux. Read More

We searched for precursive soft X-ray flashes (SXFs) associated with optically-discovered classical or recurrent novae in the data of five-years all-sky observations with Gas Slit Camera (GSC) of the Monitor of All-sky X-ray Image (MAXI). We first developed a tool to measure fluxes of point sources by fitting the event distribution with the model that incorporates the point-spread function (PSF-fit) to minimize the potential contamination from nearby sources. Then we applied the PSF-fit tool to 40 classical/recurrent novae that were discovered in optical observations from 2009 August to 2014 August. Read More

Wide-Field MAXI (WF-MAXI: Wide-Field Monitor of All-sky X-ray Image) is a proposed mission to detect and localize X-ray transients including electro-magnetic counterparts of gravitational-wave events such as gamma-ray bursts and supernovae etc., which are expected to be directly detected for the first time in late 2010's by the next generation gravitational telescopes such as Advanced LIGO and KAGRA. The most distinguishing characteristics of WF-MAXI are a wide energy range from 0. Read More

We investigate the mechanism to reproduce notable spectral features at the ignition phase of nova explosion observed for a super-Eddington X-ray transient source MAXI J0158$-$744 in the Small Magellanic Cloud. These are a strong Ne IX emission line at 0.92 keV with a large equivalent width of $0. Read More

We present the catalog of high Galactic-latitude ($|b|>10^{\circ}$) X-ray sources detected in the first 37-month data of Monitor of All-sky X-ray Image (MAXI) / Gas Slit Camera (GSC). To achieve the best sensitivity, we develop a background model of the GSC that well reproduces the data based on the detailed on-board calibration. Source detection is performed through image fit with the Poisson likelihood algorithm. Read More

We present the results of monitoring the Galactic black hole candidate GX 339-4 with the Monitor of All-sky X-ray Image (MAXI) / Gas Slit Camera (GSC) in the high/soft state during the outburst in 2010. All the spectra throughout the 8-month period are well reproduced with a model consisting of multi-color disk (MCD) emission and its Comptonization component, whose fraction is <= 25% in the total flux. In spite of the flux variability over a factor of 3, the innermost disk radius is constant at R_in = 61 +/- 2 km for the inclination angle of i = 46 deg and the distance of d=8 kpc. Read More

We present a large X-ray flare from a nearby weak-lined T Tauri star TWA-7 detected with the Gas Slit Camera (GSC) on the Monitor of All-sky X-ray Image (MAXI). The GSC captured X-ray flaring from TWA-7 with a flux of $3\times10^{-9}$ ergs cm$^{-2}$ s$^{-1}$ in 2--20 keV band during the scan transit starting at UT 2010-09-07 18:24:30.The estimated X-ray luminosity at the scan in the energy band is 3$\times10^{32}$ ergs s$^{-1}$,indicating that the event is among the largest X-ray flares fromT Tauri stars. Read More

We present the first unbiased source catalog of the Monitor of All-sky X-ray Image (MAXI) mission at high Galactic latitudes ($|b| > 10^{\circ}$), produced from the first 7-month data (2009 September 1 to 2010 March 31) of the Gas Slit Camera in the 4--10 keV band. We develop an analysis procedure to detect faint sources from the MAXI data, utilizing a maximum likelihood image fitting method, where the image response, background, and detailed observational conditions are taken into account. The catalog consists of 143 X-ray sources above 7 sigma significance level with a limiting sensitivity of $\sim1. Read More

The monitor of all-sky X-ray image (MAXI) Gas Slit Camera (GSC) on the International Space Station (ISS) detected a gamma-ray burst (GRB) on 2009, September 26, GRB\,090926B. This GRB had extremely hard spectra in the X-ray energy range. Joint spectral fitting with the Gamma-ray Burst Monitor on the Fermi Gamma-ray Space Telescope shows that this burst has peculiarly narrow spectral energy distribution and is represented by Comptonized blackbody model. Read More

The Gas Slit Camera (GSC) is an X-ray instrument on the MAXI (Monitor of All-sky X-ray Image) mission on the International Space Station. It is designed to scan the entire sky every 92-minute orbital period in the 2--30 keV band and to achieve the highest sensitivity among the X-ray all-sky monitors ever flown so far. The GSC employs large-area position-sensitive proportional counters with the total detector area of 5350 cm$^2$. Read More

We report the discovery of a cyclotron resonance scattering feature (CRSF) in the X-ray spectrum of GX 304-1, obtained by RXTE and Suzaku during major outbursts detected by MAXI in 2010. The peak intensity in August reached 600 mCrab in the 2-20 keV band, which is the highest ever observed from this source. The RXTE observations on more than twenty occasions and one Suzaku observation revealed a spectral absorption feature at around 54 keV, which is the first CRSF detection from this source. Read More

We report the in-orbit performance of the Gas Slit Camera (GSC) on the MAXI (Monitor of All-sky X-ray Image) mission carried on the International Space Station (ISS). Its commissioning operation started on August 8, 2009, confirmed the basic performances of the effective area in the energy band of 2--30 keV, the spatial resolution of the slit-and-slat collimator and detector with 1.5 degree FWHM, the source visibility of 40-150 seconds for each scan cycle, and the sky coverage of 85% per 92-minute orbital period and 95% per day. Read More

Strong X-ray flares from the blazar Mrk 421 were detected in 2010 January and February through the 7 month monitoring with the MAXI GSC. The maximum 2 -- 10 keV flux in the January and February flares was measured as 120 +- 10 mCrab and 164 +- 17 mCrab respectively; the latter is the highest among those reported from the object. A comparison of the MAXI and Swift BAT data suggests a convex X-ray spectrum with an approximated photon index of about 2. Read More

We report the results of a Suzaku observation of the anomalous X-ray pulsar (AXP) 1E 1841-045 at a center of the supernova remnant Kes 73. We confirmed that the energy-dependent spectral models obtained by the previous separate observations were also satisfied over a wide energy range from 0.4 to ~70 keV, simultaneously. Read More

We present the first results on the black hole candidate XTE J1752-223 from the Gas Slit Camera (GSC) on-board the Monitor of All-sky X-ray Image (MAXI) on the International Space Station. Including the onset of the outburst reported by the Proportional Counter Array on-board the Rossi X-ray Timing Explorer on 2009 October 23, the MAXI/GSC has been monitoring this source approximately 10 times per day with a high sensitivity in the 2-20 keV band. XTE J1752-223 was initially in the low/hard state during the first 3 months. Read More

2009Jun
Affiliations: 1ISS Science Project Office, ISAS, JAXA, 2ISS Science Project Office, ISAS, JAXA, 3ISS Science Project Office, ISAS, JAXA, 4ISS Science Project Office, ISAS, JAXA, 5ISS Science Project Office, ISAS, JAXA, 6ISS Science Project Office, ISAS, JAXA, 7ISS Science Project Office, ISAS, JAXA, 8ISS Science Project Office, ISAS, JAXA, 9Cosmic Radiation Laboratory, RIKEN, 10Cosmic Radiation Laboratory, RIKEN, 11Cosmic Radiation Laboratory, RIKEN, 12Cosmic Radiation Laboratory, RIKEN, 13Department of Earth and Space Science, Osaka University, 14Department of Earth and Space Science, Osaka University, 15Department of Physics, Tokyo Institute of Technology, 16Department of Physics, Tokyo Institute of Technology, 17Department of Physics, Tokyo Institute of Technology, 18Department of Physics and Mathematics, Aoyama Gakuin University, 19Department of Physics, Nihon University, 20Department of Physics, Nihon University, 21Department of Astronomy, Kyoto University, 22Cosmic Radiation Laboratory, RIKEN, 23Department of Physics and Mathematics, Aoyama Gakuin University, 24Department of Physics and Mathematics, Aoyama Gakuin University, 25Department of Physics and Mathematics, Aoyama Gakuin University, 26Department of Physics and Mathematics, Aoyama Gakuin University, 27Department of Physics, Nihon University, 28Department of Physics, Nihon University, 29Department of Astronomy, Kyoto University, 30Department of Astronomy, Kyoto University, 31Earth Observation Research Center, JAXA, 32ISAS, JAXA

The MAXI (Monitor of All-sky X-ray Image) mission is the first astronomical payload to be installed on the Japanese Experiment Module-Exposed Facility (JEM-EF) on the ISS. It is scheduled for launch in the middle of 2009 to monitor all-sky X-ray objects on every ISS orbit. MAXI will be more powerful than any previous X-ray All Sky Monitor (ASM) payloads, being able to monitor hundreds of AGN. Read More

We have searched for pulsation of the anomalous X-ray pulsar (AXP) 4U 0142+61 in the K' band ($\lambda_{\rm eff} = 2.11$ $\mu$m) using the fast-readout mode of IRCS at the Subaru 8.2-m telescope. Read More

2007Nov
Affiliations: 1ISAS/JAXA, Japan, 2ISAS/JAXA, Japan, 3Department of Physics, Tokyo Institute of Technology, Tokyo, Japan, 4ISAS/JAXA, Japan, 5ISAS/JAXA, Japan, 6Rikkyo University, Tokyo, Japan, 7RIKEN, Japan, 8University of Tokyo, Japan, 9University of Tokyo, Japan, 10Kanazawa University, Kanazawa, Japan, 11Aoyama Gakuin University, Sagamihara, Kanagawa, Japan, 12Hiroshima University, Japan, 13RIKEN, Japan, 14Aoyama Gakuin University, Sagamihara, Kanagawa, Japan
Category: Astrophysics

Suzaku TOO observation of the anomalous X-ray pulsar CXOU J164710.2-455216 was performed on 2006 September 23--24 for a net exposure of 38.8 ks. Read More

We report a glitch-like pulse frequency deviation from the simple spin-down law in an anomalous X-ray pulsar (AXP) 4U 0142+61 detected by ASCA observations. We also found a significant pulse profile change after the putative glitch. The glitch parameters resemble those found in another AXP 1RXS J170849. Read More

We present the results from the {\it Chandra} ACIS CC mode observation of an anomalous X-ray pulsar (AXP) 1E 1841-045. This is the first observation in which the pulsar spectrum in wide energy range is spatially discriminated from the surrounding SNR, Kes 73. Like other AXPs, the phase-integrated spectrum is fitted well with power-law plus blackbody model. Read More