Michiko S. Fujii - Tokyo

Michiko S. Fujii
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Name
Michiko S. Fujii
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Tokyo
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Astrophysics of Galaxies (10)
 
Astrophysics (3)
 
Solar and Stellar Astrophysics (3)
 
Cosmology and Nongalactic Astrophysics (1)
 
Computer Science - Distributed; Parallel; and Cluster Computing (1)
 
Instrumentation and Methods for Astrophysics (1)

Publications Authored By Michiko S. Fujii

We study the formation of massive black holes in the first star clusters. We first locate star-forming gas clouds in proto-galactic halos of $\gtrsim10^7~M_{\odot}$ in cosmological hydrodynamics simulations and use them to generate the initial conditions for star clusters with masses of $\sim10^5~M_{\odot}$. We then perform a series of direct-tree hybrid $N$-body simulations to follow runaway stellar collisions in the dense star clusters. Read More

The abundance of elements synthesized by the rapid neutron-capture process (r-process elements) of extremely metal-poor (EMP) stars in the Local Group galaxies gives us clues to clarify the early evolutionary history of the Milky Way halo. The Local Group dwarf galaxies would have similarly evolved with building blocks of the Milky Way halo. However, how the chemo-dynamical evolution of the building blocks affects the abundance of r-process elements is not yet clear. Read More

The scaling relations and the star formation laws for molecular cloud complexes in the Milky Way is investigated. We compare their masses $M_{\rm gas}$, mass surface densities $\Sigma_{M_{\rm gas}}$, radii $R$, velocity dispersions $\sigma$, star formation rates $SFR$, and SFR densities $\Sigma_{\rm SFR}$ with those of structures ranging from cores, clumps, Giant Molecular Clouds (GMCs), to Molecular Cloud Complexes (MCCs), and to Galaxies, spanning 8 orders of magnitudes in size and 13 orders of magnitudes in mass. MCC are mostly large ($R>50$ pc), massive ($\sim 10^{6}$\,\msun) gravitationally unbound cloud structures. Read More

Recent observations have revealed a variety of young star clusters, including embedded systems, young massive clusters, and associations. We study the formation and dynamical evolution of these clusters using a combination of simulations and theoretical models. Our simulations start with a turbulent molecular cloud that collapses under its own gravity. Read More

The rapid neutron-capture process (r-process) is a major process to synthesize elements heavier than iron, but the astrophysical site(s) of r-process is not identified yet. Neutron star mergers (NSMs) are suggested to be a major r-process site from nucleosynthesis studies. Previous chemical evolution studies however require unlikely short merger time of NSMs to reproduce the observed large star-to-star scatters in the abundance ratios of r-process elements relative to iron, [Eu/Fe], of extremely metal-poor stars in the Milky Way (MW) halo. Read More

We have simulated, for the first time, the long term evolution of the Milky Way Galaxy using 51 billion particles on the Swiss Piz Daint supercomputer with our $N$-body gravitational tree-code Bonsai. Herein, we describe the scientific motivation and numerical algorithms. The Milky Way model was simulated for 6 billion years, during which the bar structure and spiral arms were fully formed. Read More

Young massive clusters are as young as open clusters but more massive and compact compared with typical open clusters. The formation process of young massive clusters is still unclear, and it is an open question whether the formation process is the same as typical open clusters or not. We perform a series of $N$-body simulations starting from initial conditions constructed from the results of hydrodynamical simulations of turbulent molecular clouds. Read More

Young star clusters like R136 in the Large Magellanic Cloud and NGC 3603, Westerlund 1, and 2 in the Milky Way are dynamically more evolved than expected based on their current relaxation times. In particular, the combination of a high degree of mass segregation, a relatively low central density, and the large number of massive runaway stars in their vicinity are hard to explain with the monolithic formation of these clusters. Young star clusters can achieve such a mature dynamical state if they formed through the mergers of a number of less massive clusters. Read More

About 20% of all massive stars in the Milky Way have unusually high velocities, the origin of which has puzzled astronomers for half a century. We argue that these velocities originate from strong gravitational interactions between single stars and binaries in the centers of star clusters. The ejecting binary forms naturally during the collapse of a young ($\aplt 1$\,Myr) star cluster. Read More

Within the distance of 1 pc from the Galactic center (GC), more than 100 young massive stars have been found. The massive stars at 0.1-1 pc from the GC are located in one or two disks, while those within 0. Read More

We performed, for the first time, the simulation of spiral-in of a star cluster formed close to the Galactic center (GC) using a fully self-consistent $N$-body model. In our model, the central super-massive black hole (SMBH) is surrounded by stars and the star cluster. Not only are the orbits of stars and the cluster stars integrated self-consistently, but the stellar evolution, collisions and merging of the cluster stars are also included. Read More

We present MUSE, a software framework for combining existing computational tools for different astrophysical domains into a single multiphysics, multiscale application. MUSE facilitates the coupling of existing codes written in different languages by providing inter-language tools and by specifying an interface between each module and the framework that represents a balance between generality and computational efficiency. This approach allows scientists to use combinations of codes to solve highly-coupled problems without the need to write new codes for other domains or significantly alter their existing codes. Read More

For a rigid model satellite, Chandrasekhar's dynamical friction formula describes the orbital evolution quite accurately, when the Coulomb logarithm is chosen appropriately. However, it is not known if the orbital evolution of a real satellite with the internal degree of freedom can be described by the dynamical friction formula. We performed N-body simulation of the orbital evolution of a self-consistent satellite galaxy within a self-consistent parent galaxy. Read More