Matthew Brown - Michigan Center for Theoretical Physics

Matthew Brown
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Matthew Brown
Michigan Center for Theoretical Physics
Michigan Center
United States

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Pub Categories

Computer Science - Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition (5)
High Energy Physics - Phenomenology (5)
Mathematics - Mathematical Physics (5)
Quantum Physics (5)
Mathematical Physics (5)
General Relativity and Quantum Cosmology (3)
Mathematics - Quantum Algebra (2)
Astrophysics (2)
Computer Science - Information Theory (2)
High Energy Physics - Theory (2)
Mathematics - Information Theory (2)
Physics - Chemical Physics (1)
Mathematics - Dynamical Systems (1)
Physics - Materials Science (1)
Physics - History of Physics (1)
High Energy Physics - Experiment (1)
Computer Science - Artificial Intelligence (1)
Physics - Fluid Dynamics (1)

Publications Authored By Matthew Brown

We present an unsupervised learning framework for the task of monocular depth and camera motion estimation from unstructured video sequences. We achieve this by simultaneously training depth and camera pose estimation networks using the task of view synthesis as the supervisory signal. The networks are thus coupled via the view synthesis objective during training, but can be applied independently at test time. Read More

Human keypoints are a well-studied representation of people.We explore how to use keypoint models to improve instance-level person segmentation. The main idea is to harness the notion of a distance transform of oracle provided keypoints or estimated keypoint heatmaps as a prior for person instance segmentation task within a deep neural network. Read More

In this paper we present a dense ground truth dataset of nonrigidly deforming real-world scenes. Our dataset contains both long and short video sequences, and enables the quantitatively evaluation for RGB based tracking and registration methods. To construct ground truth for the RGB sequences, we simultaneously capture Near-Infrared (NIR) image sequences where dense markers - visible only in NIR - represent ground truth positions. Read More

It is hard to densely track a nonrigid object in long term, which is a fundamental research issue in the computer vision community. This task often relies on estimating pairwise correspondences between images over time where the error is accumulated and leads to a drift issue. In this paper, we introduce a novel optimization framework with an Anchor Patch constraint. Read More

This paper investigates the connections between two state of the art classifiers: decision forests (DFs, including decision jungles) and convolutional neural networks (CNNs). Decision forests are computationally efficient thanks to their conditional computation property (computation is confined to only a small region of the tree, the nodes along a single branch). CNNs achieve state of the art accuracy, thanks to their representation learning capabilities. Read More

The evolution of a pair of point vortices in whole space, subject to the inviscid Euler equations for incompressible fluid flow, is solved exactly for rotationally symmetric initial conditions. This exact solution shows that the vortex strength for a pair of point vortices can either remain stable or blow up in finite time, depending on the initial data. Read More

In this paper we shall re-visit the well-known Schr\"odinger and Lindblad dynamics of quantum mechanics. However, these equations may be realized as the consequence of a more general, underlying dynamical process. In both cases we shall see that the evolution of a quantum state $P_\psi=\varrho(0)$ has the not so well-known pseudo-quadratic form $\partial_t\varrho(t)=\mathbf{V}^\star\varrho(t)\mathbf{V}$ where $\mathbf{V}$ is a vector operator in a complex Minkowski space and the pseudo-adjoint $\mathbf{V}^\star$ is induced by the Minkowski metric $\boldsymbol{\eta}$. Read More

Here we shall consider the idea that the Hamiltonian evolution of a quantum system is generated by sequential observations of the system by a `pseudo-apparatus'. This representation of Hamiltonian dynamics, originally discovered by Belavkin, is a canonical dilation of the Schroedinger equation that reveals a Minkowski space structure outside of the context of Special Relativity. In particular, this formalism gives rise to the notion of a Boosted Schroedinger equation referred to a dilated time increment which is the manifestation of a Lorentz transform in the Minkowski space of the apparatus. Read More

This discovery of the Higgs boson last year has created new possibilities for testing candidate theories for explaining physics beyond the Standard Model. Here we explain the ways in which new physics can leave its marks in the experimental Higgs data, and how we can use the data to constrain and compare different models. In this proceedings paper we use two models, Minimal Universal Extra Dimensions and the 4D Composite Higgs model, as examples to demonstrate the technique. Read More

We consider scenarios in which the 125 GeV resonance observed at the Large Hadron Collider is a Technicolor (TC) isosinglet scalar, the TC Higgs. By comparison with quantum chromodynamics, we argue that the couplings of the TC Higgs to the massive weak bosons are very close to the Standard Model (SM) values. The couplings to photons and gluons are model-dependent, but close to the SM values in several TC theories. Read More

In this work we discuss our consistent implementation of the minimal model of Universal Extra Dimensions in CalcHEP. We pay special attention to the gauge invariance issues that arise due to the incorporation of 5D quantum corrections. After validating the implementation we perform a complete study of the tri-lepton signature, including a realistic estimate of the backgrounds, for the present LHC energy and luminosity. Read More

Large Hadron Collider (LHC) searches for the SM Higgs boson provide a powerful limit on models involving Universal Extra Dimensions (UED) where the Higgs production is enhanced. We have evaluated all one-loop diagrams for Higgs production from gluon fusion and decay to two photons within "minimal" UED (mUED), independently confirming previous results, and we have evaluated enhancement factors for Higgs boson production and decay over the mUED parameter space. Using these we have derived limits on the parameter space, combining data from both ATLAS and CMS collaborations for the most recent 7 TeV and 8 TeV LHC data. Read More

In this paper we first introduce the Fock-Guichardet formalism for the quantum stochastic integration, then the four fundamental processes of the dynamics are introduced in the canonical basis as the operator-valued measures of the QS integration over a space-time. Then rigorous analysis of the QS integrals is carried out, and continuity of the QS derivative is proved. Finally, Q-adapted dynamics is discussed, including Bosonic Q=1, Fermionic Q=-1, and monotone Q=0 quantum dynamics. Read More

We study the continuity property of multiple Q-adapted quantum stochastic integrals with respect to noncommuting integrands given by the non-adapted multiple integral kernels in Fock scale. The noncommutative algebra of relatively (exponentially) bounded nonadapted quantum stochastic processes is studied in the kernel form as introduced by Belavkin in 1991. The differential Q-adapted formula generalizing Ito product formula for adapted integrals is presented in both strong and weak sense as a particular case of the quantum stochastic nonadapted Ito formula. Read More

Here it is shown that the unitary dynamics of a quantum object may be obtained as the conditional expectation of a counting process of object-clock interactions. Such a stochastic process arises from the quantization of the clock, and this is derived naturally from the matrix-algebra representation of the nilpotent Newton-Leibniz time differential [Belavkin]. It is observed that this condition expectation is a rigorous formulation of the Feynman Path Integral. Read More

All-electron variational and diffusion quantum Monte Carlo calculations of the ground state energies of the first row atoms (Li to Ne) are reported. We use trial wavefunctions of four types: single determinant Slater-Jastrow wavefunctions; multi-determinant Slater-Jastrow wavefunctions; single determinant Slater-Jastrow wavefunctions with backflow transformations; multi-determinant Slater-Jastrow wavefunctions with backflow transformations. At the diffusion quantum Monte Carlo level and using our best trial wavefunctions we recover 99% or more of the correlation energy for Li, Be, B, C, N, and Ne, 97% for O, and 98% for F. Read More

An oscillating universe cycles through a series of expansions and contractions. We propose a model in which ``phantom'' energy with a supernegative pressure ($p < - \rho$) grows rapidly and dominates the late-time expanding phase. The universe's energy density is then so large that the effects of quantum gravity are important at both the beginning and the end of each expansion (or contraction). Read More

Affiliations: 1Michigan Center for Theoretical Physics, 2Michigan Center for Theoretical Physics, 3Univ. at Buffalo, SUNY

An oscillating universe cycles through a series of expansions and contractions. We propose a model in which ``phantom'' energy with $p < -\rho$ grows rapidly and dominates the late-time expanding phase. The universe's energy density is so large that the effects of quantum gravity are important at both the beginning and the end of each expansion (or contraction). Read More