Matteo Rizzi

Matteo Rizzi
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Quantum Physics (12)
 
Mathematics - Analysis of PDEs (5)
 
Physics - Other (4)
 
Physics - Strongly Correlated Electrons (3)
 
Physics - Superconductivity (1)
 
Physics - Mesoscopic Systems and Quantum Hall Effect (1)
 
Physics - Statistical Mechanics (1)
 
Physics - Disordered Systems and Neural Networks (1)

Publications Authored By Matteo Rizzi

We show via tensor network methods that the Harper-Hofstadter Hamiltonian for hard-core bosons on a square geometry supports a topological phase realizing the $\nu=1/2$ fractional quantum Hall effect on the lattice. We address the robustness of the ground state degeneracy and of the energy gap, measure the many-body Chern number, and characterize the system using Green functions, showing that they decay algebraically at the edges of open geometries, indicating the presence of gapless edge modes. Moreover, we estimate the topological entanglement entropy, which is compatible with the expected value $\gamma=1/2$. Read More

We study the odd integer filled Mott phases of a spin-1 Bose-Hubbard chain and determine their fate in the presence of a Raman induced spin-orbit coupling which has been achieved in ultracold atomic gases; this system is described by a quantum spin-1 chain with a spiral magnetic field. The spiral magnetic field initially induces helical order with either ferromagnetic or dimer order parameters, giving rise to a spiral paramagnet at large field. The spiral ferromagnet-to-paramagnet phase transition is in a novel universality class, with critical exponents associated with the divergence of the correlation length $\nu \approx 2/3$ and the order parameter susceptibility $\gamma \approx 1/2$. Read More

In this paper we construct entire solutions to the Cahn-Hilliard equation $-\Delta(-\Delta u+W^{'}(u))+W^{"}(u)(-\Delta u+W^{'}(u))=0$ in the Euclidean plane, where $W(u)$ is the standard double-well potential $\frac{1}{4} (1-u^2)^2$. Such solutions have a non-trivial profile that shadows a Willmore planar curve, and converge uniformly to $\pm 1$ as $x_2 \to \pm \infty$. These solutions give a counterexample to the counterpart of Gibbons' conjecture for the fourth-order counterpart of the Allen-Cahn equation. Read More

We study the problem% \[ -\Delta v+\lambda v=| v| ^{p-2}v\text{ in }\Omega ,\text{\qquad}v=0\text{ on $\partial\Omega$},\text{ }% \] for $\lambda\in\mathbb{R}$ and supercritical exponents $p,$ in domains of the form% \[ \Omega:=\{(y,z)\in\mathbb{R}^{N-m-1}\times\mathbb{R}^{m+1}:(y,| z| )\in\Theta\}, \] where $m\geq1,$ $N-m\geq3,$ and $\Theta$ is a bounded domain in $\mathbb{R}% ^{N-m}$ whose closure is contained in $\mathbb{R}^{N-m-1}\times(0,\infty)$. Under some symmetry assumptions on $\Theta$, we show that this problem has infinitely many solutions for every $\lambda$ in an interval which contains $[0,\infty)$ and $p>2$ up to some number which is larger than the $(m+1)^{st}$ critical exponent $2_{N,m}^{\ast}:=\frac{2(N-m)}{N-m-2}$. We also exhibit domains with a shrinking hole, in which there are a positive and a nodal solution which concentrate on a sphere, developing a single layer that blows up at an $m$-dimensional sphere contained in the boundary of $\Omega,$ as the hole shrinks and $p\rightarrow2_{N,m}^{\ast}$ from above. Read More

A novel way to produce quantum Hall ribbons in a cold atomic system is to use M hyperfine states of atoms in a 1D optical lattice to mimic an additional "synthetic dimension". A notable aspect here is that the SU(M) symmetric interaction between atoms manifests as "infinite ranged" along the synthetic dimension. We study the many body physics of fermions with attractive interactions in this system. Read More

We introduce a time evolution algorithm for one-dimensional quantum field theories with periodic boundary conditions. This is done by applying the Dirac-Frenkel time-dependent variational principle to the set of translational invariant continuous matrix product states with periodic boundary conditions. Moreover, the ansatz is accompanied with additional boundary degrees of freedom to study quantum impurity problems. Read More

A universal $k^{-4}$ decay of the large-momentum tails of the momentum distribution, fixed by Tan's contact coefficients, constitutes a direct signature of strong correlations in a short-range interacting quantum gas. Here we consider a repulsive multicomponent Fermi gas under harmonic confinement, as in the experiment of Pagano et al. [Nat. Read More

In the paper, we consider a small perturbation of the Otha-Kawasaki functional and we construct at least four critical points close to suitable translations of the Schwarz P surface with fixed volume. Read More

In this work we address the problem of realizing a reliable quantum memory based on zero-energy Majorana modes in the presence of experimental constraints on the operations aimed at recovering the information. In particular, we characterize the best recovery operation acting only on the zero-energy Majorana modes and the memory fidelity that can be therewith achieved. In order to understand the effect of such restriction, we discuss two examples of noise models acting on the topological system and compare the amount of information that can be recovered by accessing either the whole system, or the zero-modes only, with particular attention to the scaling with the size of the system and the energy gap. Read More

We study the equilibrium properties of the one-dimensional disordered Bose-Hubbard model by means of a gauge-adaptive tree tensor network variational method suitable for systems with periodic boundary conditions. We compute the superfluid stiffness and superfluid correlations close to the superfluid to glass transition line, obtaining accurate locations of the critical points. By studying the statistics of the exponent of the power-law decay of the correlation, we determine the boundary between the superfluid region and the Bose glass phase in the regime of strong disorder and in the weakly interacting region, not explored numerically before. Read More

In this paper we construct entire solutions $u_{\varepsilon}$ to the Cahn-Hilliard equation $-\varepsilon^{2}\Delta(-\varepsilon^{2}\Delta u+W^{'}(u))+W^{"}(u)(-\varepsilon^{2}\Delta u+W^{'}(u))=0$, under the volume constraint $\int_{\mathbb{R}^{3}}(1-u_{\varepsilon})dx=4\sqrt{2}\pi^{2}$, whose nodal set approaches the Clifford Torus, that is the Torus with radii of ratio $1/\sqrt{2}$ embedded in $\mathbb{R}^{3}$, as $\varepsilon\to 0$. What is crucial is that the Clifford Torus is a Willmore hypersurface and it is non-degenerate, up to conformal transformations. The proof is based on the Lyapunov-Schmidt reduction and on careful geometric expansions of the laplacian. Read More

We consider a correlated Bose gas tightly confined into a ring shaped lattice, in the presence of an artificial gauge potential inducing a persistent current through it. A weak link painted on the ring acts as a source of coherent back-scattering for the propagating gas, interfering with the forward scattered current. This system defines an atomic counterpart of the rf-SQUID: the atomtronics quantum interference device (AQUID). Read More

We present a novel discussion of the continuous-time quantum error correction introduced by Paz and Zurek in 1998 [Paz and Zurek, Proc. R. Soc. Read More

In this paper we prove some symmetry results for entire solutions to the semilinear equation $-\Delta u=f(u)$, with $f$ nonincreasing in a right neighbourhood of the origin. We consider solutions decaying only in some directions and we give some sufficient conditions for them to be radially symmetric with respect to those variables, such as periodicity or the pointwise decay of some derivatives. Read More

We consider the persistent currents induced by an artificial gauge field applied to interacting ultra-cold bosonic atoms in a tight ring trap. Using both analytical and numerical methods, we study the scaling of the persistent current amplitude with the size of the ring. In the strongly interacting regime we find a power-law scaling, in good agreement with the predictions of the Luttinger-liquid theory. Read More

We introduce a variational algorithm to simulate quantum many-body states based on a tree tensor network ansatz which releases the isometry constraint usually imposed by the real-space renormalization coarse-graining: This additional numerical freedom, combined with the loop-free topology of the tree network, allows one to maximally exploit the internal gauge invariance of tensor networks, ultimately leading to a computationally flexible and efficient algorithm able to treat open and periodic boundary conditions on the same footing. We benchmark the novel approach against the 1D Ising model in transverse field with periodic boundary conditions and discuss the strategy to cope with the broken translational invariance generated by the network structure. We then perform investigations on a state-of-the-art problem, namely the bilinear-biquadratic model in the transition between dimer and ferromagnetic phases. Read More

We study persistent currents for interacting one-dimensional bosons on a tight ring trap, subjected to a rotating barrier potential, which induces an artificial U(1) gauge field. We show that, at intermediate interactions, the persistent current response is maximal, due to a subtle interplay of effects due to the barrier, the interaction and quantum fluctuations. These results are relevant for ongoing experiments with ultracold atomic gases on mesoscopic rings. Read More

We analyze the rate at which quantum information encoded in zero-energy Majorana modes is lost in the presence of perturbations. We show that information can survive for times that scale exponentially with the size of the chain both in the presence of quenching and time-dependent quadratic dephasing perturbations, even when the latter have spectral components above the system's energy gap. The origin of the robust storage, namely the fact that a sudden quench affects in the same way both parity sectors of the original spectrum, is discussed, together with the memory performance at finite temperatures and in the presence of particle exchange with a bath. Read More

We present a proposal for a versatile cold-atom-based quantum simulator of relativistic fermionic theories and topological insulators in arbitrary dimensions. The setup consists of a spin-independent optical lattice that traps a collection of hyperfine states of the same alkaline atom, to which the different degrees of freedom of the field theory to be simulated are then mapped. We show that the combination of bi-chromatic optical lattices with Raman transitions can allow the engineering of a spin-dependent tunneling of the atoms between neighboring lattice sites. Read More

Considerable efforts are currently devoted to the preparation of ultracold neutral atoms in the emblematic strongly correlated quantum Hall regime. The routes followed so far essentially rely on thermodynamics, i.e. Read More

We study two many-body systems of bosons interacting via an infinite three-body contact repulsion in a lattice: a pairs quasi-condensate induced by correlated hopping and the discrete version of the Pfaffian wavefunction. We propose to experimentally realise systems characterized by such interaction by means of a proper spin-1 lattice Hamiltonian: spin degrees of freedom are locally mapped into occupation numbers of emerging bosons, in a fashion similar to spin-1/2 and hardcore bosons. Such a system can be realized with ultracold spin-1 atoms in a Mott Insulator with filling-factor one. Read More

We describe an algorithm to simulate time evolution using the Multi-scale Entanglement Renormalization Ansatz (MERA) and test it by studying a critical Ising chain with periodic boundary conditions and with up to L ~ 10^6 quantum spins. The cost of a simulation, which scales as L log(L), is reduced to log(L) when the system is invariant under translations. By simulating an evolution in imaginary time, we compute the ground state of the system. Read More

Spinor Bose condensates loaded in optical lattices have a rich phase diagram characterized by different magnetic order. Here we apply the Density Matrix Renormalization Group to accurately determine the phase diagram for spin-1 bosons loaded on a one-dimensional lattice. The Mott lobes present an even or odd asymmetry associated to the boson filling. Read More