Matteo Cerruti

Matteo Cerruti
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Matteo Cerruti

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High Energy Astrophysical Phenomena (10)
Cosmology and Nongalactic Astrophysics (3)
Instrumentation and Methods for Astrophysics (1)

Publications Authored By Matteo Cerruti

The wealth of recent data from imaging air Cherenkov telescopes (IACTs), ultra-high energy cosmic-ray experiments and neutrino telescopes have fuelled a renewed interest in hadronic emission models for gamma-loud blazars. We explore physically plausible solutions for a lepto-hadronic interpretation of the stationary emission from high-frequency peaked BL Lac objects (HBLs). The modelled spectral energy distributions are then searched for specific signatures at very high energies that could help to distinguish the hadronic origin of the emission from a standard leptonic scenario. Read More

The discovery of the high-frequency-peaked BL Lac object 1ES 0806+524 (z=0.138) as a source of very-high-energy (VHE, E>100 GeV) gamma-ray photons was announced in 2008 by the VERITAS Collaboration, at a level of 1.8% of the Crab Nebula flux above 300 GeV. Read More

During May 2013, a gamma-ray flare from the BL Lac object 1ES 1727+502 (z=0.055) has been detected with the VERITAS Cherenkov telescopes. This detection represents the first evidence of very-high-energy (E>100 GeV) variability from this blazar and has been achieved using a reduced-high-voltage configuration which allows observations under bright moonlight. Read More

VERITAS is an array of four 12-m atmospheric Cherenkov telescopes, designed to observe the very-high-energy (VHE; E $\geq$100 GeV) sky. Since 2007, it has detected more than 20 extra-galactic sources, the majority of which are active-galactic-nuclei of the blazar class. In this paper we present a selection of the most recent results from the VERITAS blazar observing program, in particular in the context of broad-band multi-wavelength campaigns. Read More

The VERITAS array of Cherenkov telescopes was used to observe ~130 blazars from 2007 to 2012. Of these, 25 were detected as very-high-energy (VHE; E > 100 GeV) sources. We present here the results of the analysis of 65 VERITAS non-detected blazars, including upper limits on their VHE flux. Read More

The BL Lac object 1ES 0229+200 is a firmly established very-high-energy (VHE; E >100 GeV) source. Located at a redshift of 0.1396, its published VHE spectrum is particularly hard (Gamma ~2. Read More

The one-zone synchrotron-self-Compton (SSC) model aims to describe the spectral energy distribution (SED) of BL Lac objects via synchrotron emission by a non-thermal population of electrons and positrons in a single homogeneous emission region, partially upscattered to gamma-rays by the particles themselves. The model is usually considered as degenerate, given that the number of free parameters is higher than the number of observables. It is thus common to model the SED by choosing a single set of values for the SSC-model parameters that provide a good description of the data, without studying the entire parameter space. Read More

Observations performed with the Fermi-LAT telescope have revealed the presence of a spectral break in the GeV spectrum of flat-spectrum radio quasars (FSRQs) and other low- and intermediate-synchrotron peaked blazars. We propose that this feature can be explained by Compton scattering of broad-line region (BLR) photons by a non-thermal population of electrons described by a log-parabolic function. We consider in particular a scenario in which the energy densities of particles, magnetic field, and soft photons in the emitting region are close to equipartition. Read More

Blazar spectral models generally have numerous unconstrained parameters, leading to ambiguous values for physical properties like Doppler factor delta or fluid magnetic field B'. To help remedy this problem, a few modifications of the standard leptonic blazar jet scenario are considered. First, a log-parabola function for the electron distribution is used. Read More

The models developed to describe the spectral energy distribution (SED) of blazars can be divided into leptonic or hadronic scenarios, according to the particles responsible for the high-energy component. We have developed a new stationary code which computes all the relevant leptonic and hadronic processes, permitting the study of both leptonic and hadronic scenarios in a consistent way. Interestingly, mixed lepto-hadronic scenarios (in which both components contribute to the high energy emission) naturally arise in this framework. Read More

The characteristic double-bumped spectral energy distribution (SED) of blazars is explained by either leptonic or hadronic models. In the former, Inverse Compton emission dominates the emission of the high energy bump, while proton synchrotron emission and proton-gamma interactions dominate it in the latter. We present a new stationary lepto-hadronic code that evaluates both the leptonic and the hadronic interactions. Read More

Since the beginning of scientific operations in 2003, more than 20 extra-galactic sources have been detected with H.E.S. Read More