Marta Lewicka

Marta Lewicka
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Marta Lewicka

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Mathematics - Analysis of PDEs (26)
Mathematical Physics (8)
Mathematics - Mathematical Physics (8)
Mathematics - Differential Geometry (2)
Mathematics - Classical Analysis and ODEs (1)
Mathematics - Functional Analysis (1)
Mathematics - Probability (1)
Physics - Fluid Dynamics (1)
Mathematics - Numerical Analysis (1)

Publications Authored By Marta Lewicka

We consider a free boundary problem for a system of PDEs, modeling the growth of a biological tissue. A morphogen, controlling volume growth, is produced by specific cells and then diffused and absorbed throughout the domain. The geometric shape of the growing tissue is determined by the instantaneous minimization of an elastic deformation energy, subject to a constraint on the volumetric growth. Read More

We derive the 1D isentropic Euler and Navier-Stokes equations describing the motion of a gas through a nozzle of variable cross section as the asymptotic limit of the 3D isentropic Navier-Stokes system in a cylinder, the diameter of which tends to zero. Our method is based on the relative energy inequality satisfied by any weak solution of the 3D Navier-Stokes system and a variant of Korn-Poincare's inequality on thin channels that may be of independent interest. Read More

We study the double-obstacle problem for the p-Laplace operator, p 2 [2;1). We prove that for Lipschitz boundary data and Lipschitz obstacles, viscosity solutions are unique and coincide with variational solutions. They are also uniform limits of solutions to discrete min-max problems that can be interpreted as the dynamic programming principle for appropriate tug-ofwar games with noise. Read More

This paper concerns the questions of flexibility and rigidity of solutions to the Monge-Amp\`ere equation which arises as a natural geometrical constraint in prestrained nonlinear elasticity. In particular, we focus on anomalous i.e. Read More

We study the effective elastic behaviour of the incompatibly prestrained thin plates, characterized by a Riemann metric $G$ on the reference configuration. We assume that the prestrain is "weak", i.e. Read More

We prove the local and global in time existence of the classical solutions to two general classes of the stress-assisted diffusion systems. Our results are applicable in the context of the non-Euclidean elasticity and liquid crystal elastomers. Read More

We study a class of design problems in solid mechanics, leading to a variation on the classical question of equi-dimensional embeddability of Riemannian manifolds. In this general new context, we derive a necessary and sufficient existence condition, given through a system of total differential equations, and discuss its integrability. In the classical context, the same approach yields conditions of immersibility of a given metric in terms of the Riemann curvature tensor. Read More

We are concerned with the optimal constants: in the Korn inequality under tangential boundary conditions on bounded sets $\Omega \subset \mathbb{R}^n$, and in the geometric rigidity estimate on the whole $\mathbb{R}^2$. We prove that the latter constant equals $\sqrt{2}$, and we discuss the relation of the former constants with the optimal Korn's constants under Dirichlet boundary conditions, and in the whole $\mathbb{R}^n$, which are well known to equal $\sqrt{2}$. We also discuss the attainability of these constants and the structure of deformations/displacement fields in the optimal sets. Read More

We present a probabilistic approach to the obstacle problem for for the $p$-Laplace operator. The solutions are approximated by running processes determined by tug-of-war games plus noise, and letting the step size go to zero, not unlike the case when Brownian motion is approximated by random walks. Rather than stopping the process when the boundary is reached, the value function is obtained by maximizing over all possible stopping times that are smaller than the exit time of the domain. Read More

Nonlinear PDEs, mean value properties, and stochastic differential games are intrinsically connected. In this short expository note, we will describe how the solutions to certain PDEs (of $p$-Laplacian type) can be interpreted as limits of values of a specific Tug-of-War game, when the step-size $\epsilon$ determining the allowed length of move of a token, decreases to $0$. Read More

We derive a new model for pre-strained thin films, which consists of minimizing a biharmonic energy of deformations $v\in W^{2,2}$ satisfying the Monge-Amp\`ere constraint $\det\nabla^2v = f$. We further discuss multiplicity properties of the minimizers of this model, in some special cases. Read More

We study the asymptotic behaviour of the discrete elastic energies in presence of the prestrain metric $G$, assigned on the continuum reference configuration $\Omega$. When the mesh size of the discrete lattice in $\Omega$ goes to zero, we obtain the variational bounds on the limiting (in the sense of $\Gamma$-limit) energy. In case of the nearest-neighbour and next-to-nearest-neibghour interactions, we derive a precise asymptotic formula, and compare it with the non-Euclidean model energy relative to $G$. Read More

We study the effective elastic behavior of incompatibly prestrained plates, where the prestrain is independent of thickness as well as uniform through the thickness. We model such plates as three-dimensional elastic bodies with a prescribed pointwise stress-free state characterized by a Riemannian metric $G$ with the above properties, and seek the limiting behavior as the thickness goes to zero. Our results extand the prior analysis in M. Read More

Motivated by the degree of smoothness of constrained embeddings of surfaces in $\mathbb{R}^3$, and by the recent applications to the elasticity of shallow shells, we rigorously derive the $\Gamma$-limit of 3-dimensional nonlinear elastic energy of a shallow shell of thickness $h$, where the depth of the shell scales like $h^\alpha$ and the applied forces scale like $h^{\alpha+2}$, in the limit when $h\to 0$. The main analytical ingredients are two independent results: a theorem on approximation of $W^{2,2}$ solutions of the Monge-Amp\`ere equation by smooth solutions, and a theorem on the matching (in other words, continuation) of second order isometries to exact isometries. Read More

We prove convergence of critical points $u^h$ of the nonlinear elastic energies $E^h$ of thin incompressible plates $\Omega^h=\Omega \times (-h/2, h/2)$, which satisfy the von K\'arm\'an scaling: $E^h(u^h)\leq Ch^4$, to critical points of the appropriate limiting (incompressible von K\'arm\'an) functional. Read More

We perform a detailed analysis of first order Sobolev-regular infinitesimal isometries on developable surfaces without affine regions. We prove that given enough regularity of the surface, any first order infinitesimal isometry can be matched to an infinitesimal isometry of an arbitrarily high order. We discuss the implications of this result for the elasticity of thin developable shells. Read More

We prove the local in time existence of the classical solutions to the system of equations of isothermal viscoelasticity with clamped boundary conditions. We deal with a general form of viscous stress tensor $\mathcal{Z}(F,\dot F)$, assuming a Korn-type condition on its derivative $D_{\dot F}\mathcal{Z}(F, \dot F)$. This condition is compatible with the balance of angular momentum, frame invariance and the Claussius-Duhem inequality. Read More

The three-dimensional shapes of thin lamina such as leaves, flowers, feathers, wings etc, are driven by the differential strain induced by the relative growth. The growth takes place through variations in the Riemannian metric, given on the thin sheet as a function of location in the central plane and also across its thickness. The shape is then a consequence of elastic energy minimization on the frustrated geometrical object. Read More

We consider the Stokes-Boussinesq (and the stationary Navier-Stokes-Boussinesq) equations in a slanted, i.e. not aligned with the gravity's direction, 3d channel and with an arbitrary Rayleigh number. Read More

We investigate existence and stability of viscoelastic shock profiles for a class of planar models including the incompressible shear case studied by Antman and Malek-Madani. We establish that the resulting equations fall into the class of symmetrizable hyperbolic--parabolic systems, hence spectral stability implies linearized and nonlinear stability with sharp rates of decay. The new contributions are treatment of the compressible case, formulation of a rigorous nonlinear stability theory, including verification of stability of small-amplitude Lax shocks, and the systematic incorporation in our investigations of numerical Evans function computations determining stability of large-amplitude and or nonclassical type shock profiles. Read More

We provide a derivation of the Foppl-von Karman equations for the shape of and stresses in an elastic plate with residual strains. These might arise from a range of causes: inhomogeneous growth, plastic deformation, swelling or shrinkage driven by solvent absorption. Our analysis gives rigorous bounds on the convergence of the three dimensional equations of elasticity to the low-dimensional description embodied in the plate-like description of laminae and thus justifies a recent formulation of the problem to the shape of growing leaves. Read More

This paper concerns the elastic structures which exhibit non-zero strain at free equilibria. Many growing tissues (leaves, flowers or marine invertebrates) attain complicated configurations during their free growth. Our study departs from the 3d incompatible elasticity theory, conjectured to explain the mechanism for the spontaneous formation of non-Euclidean metrics. Read More

We summarize some recent results of the authors and their collaborators, regarding the derivation of thin elastic shell models (for shells with mid-surface of arbitrary geometry) from the variational theory of 3d nonlinear elasticity. We also formulate a conjecture on the form and validity of infinitely many limiting 2d models, each corresponding to its proper scaling range of the body forces in terms of the shell thickness. Read More

We prove that the critical points of the 3d nonlinear elasticity functional on shells of small thickness $h$ and around the mid-surface $S$ of arbitrary geometry, converge as $h\to 0$ to the critical points of the von K\'arm\'an functional on $S$, recently derived in \cite{lemopa1}. This result extends the statement in \cite{MuPa}, derived for the case of plates when $S\subset\mathbb{R}^2$. We further prove the same convergence result for the weak solutions to the static equilibrium equations (formally the Euler- Lagrange equations associated to the elasticity functional). Read More

We extend earlier work on traveling waves in premixed flames in a gravitationally stratified medium, subject to the Boussinesq approximation. For three-dimensional channels not aligned with the gravity direction and under the Dirichlet boundary conditions in the fluid velocity, it is shown that a non-planar traveling wave, corresponding to a non-zero reaction, exists, under an explicit condition relating the geometry of the crossection of the channel to the magnitude of the Prandtl and Rayleigh numbers, or when the advection term in the flow equations is neglected. Read More

Using the notion of Gamma-convergence, we discuss the limiting behavior of the 3d nonlinear elastic energy for thin elliptic shells, as their thickness h converges to zero, under the assumption that the elastic energy of deformations scales like $h^\beta$ with $2<\beta<4$. We establish that, for the given scaling regime, the limiting theory reduces to the linear pure bending. Two major ingredients of the proofs are: the density of smooth infinitesimal isometries in the space of $W^{2,2}$ first order infinitesimal isometries, and a result on matching smooth infinitesimal isometries with exact isometric immersions on smooth elliptic surfaces. Read More

We study the $\Gamma$-limit of 3d nonlinear elasticity for shells of small, variable thickness, around an arbitrary smooth 2d surface. Read More

We study the Korn-Poincar\'e inequality: \|u\|_{W^{1,2}(S^h)} < C_h \|D(u)\|_{L^2(S^h)}, in domains S^h that are shells of small thickness of order h, around an arbitrary smooth and closed hypersurface S in R^n. By D(u) we denote the symmetric part of the gradient \nabla u, and we assume the tangential boundary conditions: u\vec n^h = 0 on \partial S^h. We prove that C_h remains uniformly bounded as h tends to 0, for vector fields u in any family of cones (with angle <\pi/2, uniform in h) around the orthogonal complement of extensions of Killing vector fields on S. Read More

We discuss the limiting behavior (using the notion of \Gamma-limit) of the 3d nonlinear elasticity for thin shells around an arbitrary smooth 2d surface. In particular, under the assumption that the elastic energy of deformations scales like h^4 (where h is the thickness of a shell), we derive a limiting theory which is a generalization of the von K\'arm\'an theory for plates. Read More