# Mark E. Lewis

## Contact Details

NameMark E. Lewis |
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## Pubs By Year |
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## Pub CategoriesMathematics - Group Theory (33) Quantitative Biology - Populations and Evolution (9) Quantitative Biology - Quantitative Methods (7) Mathematics - Analysis of PDEs (3) Mathematics - Representation Theory (2) Mathematics - Optimization and Control (2) Nonlinear Sciences - Adaptation and Self-Organizing Systems (1) Nonlinear Sciences - Pattern Formation and Solitons (1) Mathematics - Rings and Algebras (1) Physics - Fluid Dynamics (1) Statistics - Methodology (1) Physics - Soft Condensed Matter (1) Statistics - Applications (1) |

## Publications Authored By Mark E. Lewis

Let $G$ be a finite solvable group, and let $p$ be a prime. In this note, we prove that $p$ does not divide $\varphi(1)$ for every irreducible monomial $p$-Brauer character $\varphi$ of $G$ if and only if $G$ has a normal Sylow $p$-subgroup. Read More

A super-Brauer character theory of a group $G$ and a prime $p$ is a pair consisting of a partition of the irreducible $p$-Brauer characters and a partition of the $p$-regular elements of $G$ that satisfy certain properties. We classify the groups and primes that have exactly one super-Brauer character theory. We discuss the groups with exactly two super-Brauer character theories. Read More

Chillag has showed that there is a single generalization showing that the sums of ordinary character tables, Brauer character, and projective indecomposable characters are positive integers. We show that Chillag's construction also applies to Isaacs' $\pi$-partial characters. We show that if an extra condition is assumed, then we can obtain upper and lower bounds on the Chillag's table sums. Read More

Let $G$ be a finite group, and write ${\rm cd}(G)$ for the degree set of the complex irreducible characters of $G$. The group $G$ is said to satisfy the {\it two-prime hypothesis} if, for any distinct degrees $a, b \in {\rm cd}(G)$, the total number of (not necessarily different) primes of the greatest common divisor ${\rm gcd}(a, b)$ is at most $2$. In this paper, we prove an upper bound on the number of irreducible character degrees of a nonsolvable group that has a composition factor isomorphic to ${\rm PSL}_2 (q)$ for $q \geq 7$. Read More

**Affiliations:**

^{1}CNRS, USMB, Université de Savoie, Université de Chambéry

Range expansion and range shifts are crucial population responses to climate change. Genetic consequences are not well understood but are clearly coupled to ecological dynamics that, in turn, are driven by shifting climate conditions. We model a population with a deterministic reaction-- diffusion model coupled to a heterogeneous environment that develops in time due to climate change. Read More

Let $\pi$ be a set of primes, and let $G$ be a finite $\pi$-separable group. We consider the Isaacs ${\rm B}_\pi$-characters. We show that if $N$ is a normal subgroup of $G$, then ${\rm B}_\pi (G/N) = {\rm Irr} (G/N) \cap {\rm B}_\pi (G)$. Read More

Climate change impacts population distributions, forcing some species to migrate poleward if they are to survive and keep up with the suitable habitat that is shifting with the temperature isoclines. Previous studies have analyzed whether populations have the capacity to keep up with shifting temperature isoclines, and have mathematically determined the combination of growth and dispersal that is needed to achieve this. However, the rate of isocline movement can be highly variable, with much uncertainty associated with yearly shifts. Read More

We show that if $p$ is a prime and $G$ is a finite $p$-solvable group satisfying the condition that a prime $q$ divides the degree of no irreducible $p$-Brauer character of $G$, then the normalizer of some Sylow $q$-subgroup of $G$ meets all the conjugacy classes of $p$-regular elements of $G$. Read More

A resource selection function is a model of the likelihood that an available spatial unit will be used by an animal, given its resource value. But how do we appropriately define availability? Step-selection analysis deals with this problem at the scale of the observed positional data, by matching each used step (connecting two consecutive observed positions of the animal) with a set of available steps randomly sampled from a distribution of observed steps or their characteristics. Here we present a simple extension to this approach, termed integrated step-selection analysis (iSSA), which relaxes the implicit assumption that observed movement attributes (i. Read More

Assume that $N_m(x)$ denotes the density of the population at a point $x$ at the beginning of the reproductive season in the $m$th year. We study the following impulsive reaction-diffusion model for any $m\in \mathbb Z^+$ \begin{eqnarray*}\label{} \ \ \ \ \ \left\{ \begin{array}{lcl} u^{(m)}_t = div(A\nabla u^{(m)}-a u^{(m)}) + f(u^{(m)}) \quad \text{for} \ \ (x,t)\in\Omega\times (0,1] u^{(m)}(x,0)=g(N_m(x)) \quad \text{for} \ \ x\in \Omega N_{m+1}(x):=u^{(m)}(x,1) \quad \text{for} \ \ x\in \Omega \end{array}\right. \end{eqnarray*} for functions $f,g$, a drift $a$ and a diffusion matrix $A$ and $\Omega\subset \mathbb R^n$. Read More

Let $G$ be a Camina $p$-group of nilpotence class $3$. We prove that if $G' < C_G (G')$, then $|Z(G)| \le |G':G_3|^{1/2}$. We also prove that if $G/G_3$ has only one or two abelian subgroups of order $|G:G'|$, then $G' < C_G (G')$. Read More

Discrete-time random walks and their extensions are common tools for analyzing animal movement data. In these analyses, resolution of temporal discretization is a critical feature. Ideally, a model both mirrors the relevant temporal scale of the biological process of interest and matches the data sampling rate. Read More

State-space models (SSMs) are increasingly used in ecology to model time-series such as animal movement paths and population dynamics. This type of hierarchical model is often structured to account for two levels of variability: biological stochasticity and measurement error. SSMs are flexible. Read More

This paper studies convergence properties of optimal values and actions for discounted and average-cost Markov Decision Processes (MDPs) with weakly continuous transition probabilities and applies these properties to the stochastic periodic-review inventory control problem with backorders, positive setup costs, and convex holding/backordering costs. The following results are established for MDPs with possibly noncompact action sets and unbounded cost functions: (i) convergence of value iterations to optimal values for discounted problems with possibly non-zero terminal costs, (ii) convergence of optimal finite-horizon actions to optimal infinite-horizon actions for total discounted costs, as the time horizon tends to infinity, and (iii) convergence of optimal discount-cost actions to optimal average-cost actions for infinite-horizon problems, as the discount factor tends to 1. Being applied to the setup-cost inventory control problem, the general results on MDPs imply the optimality of $(s,S)$ policies and convergence properties of optimal thresholds. Read More

We prove that if $p$ is an odd prime, $G$ is a solvable group, and the average value of the irreducible characters of $G$ whose degrees are not divisible by $p$ is strictly less than $2(p+1)/(p+3)$, then $G$ is $p$-nilpotent. We show that there are examples that are not $p$-nilpotent where this bound is met for every prime $p$. We then prove a number of variations of this result. Read More

When $G$ is solvable group, we prove that the number of conjugacy classes of elements of prime power order is less than or equal to the number of irreducible characters with values in fields where $\mathbb {Q}$ is extended by prime power roots of unity. We then combine this result with a theorem of H\'ethelyi and K\"ulshammer that bounds the order of a finite group in terms of the number of conjugacy classes of elements of prime power order to bound the order of a solvable group by the number of irreducible characters with values in fields extended by prime power roots of unity. This yields for solvable groups a generalization of Landau's theorem. Read More

We construct solvable groups where the only degree of an irreducible character that is a prime power is $1$ and that have arbitrarily large Fitting heights. We will show that we can construct such groups that also have a Sylow tower. We also will show that we can construct such groups using only three primes. Read More

In this paper, we classify those finite groups with exactly two supercharacter theories. We show that the solvable groups with two supercharacter theories are $\mathbb{Z}_3$ and $S_3$. We also show that the only nonsolvable group with two supercharacter theories is ${\rm Sp} (6,2)$. Read More

Let $G$ be a finite group and $d$ the degree of a complex irreducible character of $G$, then write $|G|=d(d+e)$ where $e$ is a nonnegative integer. We prove that $|G|\leq e^4-e^3$ whenever $e>1$. This bound is best possible and improves on several earlier related results. Read More

Territoriality is a phenomenon exhibited throughout nature. On the individual level, it is the processes by which organisms exclude others of the same species from certain parts of space. On the population level, it is the segregation of space into separate areas, each used by subsections of the population. Read More

For a finite non-abelian group $G$ let $\rat(G)$ denote the largest ratio of degrees of two nonlinear irreducible characters of $G$. We prove that the number of non-abelian composition factors of $G$ is bounded above by $1.8\ln(\rat(G))+1. Read More

1. Predicting space use patterns of animals from their interactions with the environment is fundamental for understanding the effect of habitat changes on ecosystem functioning. Recent attempts to address this problem have sought to unify resource selection analysis, where animal space use is derived from available habitat quality, and mechanistic movement models, where detailed movement processes of an animal are used to predict its emergent utilization distribution. Read More

Let $P$ be a Camina $p$-group that acts on a group $Q$ in such a way that $C_P (x) \subseteq P'$ for all nonidentity elements $x \in Q$. We show that $P$ must be isomorphic to the quaternion group $Q_8$. If $P$ has class $2$, this is a known result, and this paper corrects a previously published erroneous proof of the general case. Read More

1. Understanding how to find targets with very limited information is a topic of interest in many disciplines. In ecology, such research has often focused on the development of two movement models: i) the L\'evy walk and; ii) the composite correlated random walk and its associated area-restricted search behaviour. Read More

Territorial behaviour is widespread in the animal kingdom, with creatures seeking to gain parts of space for their exclusive use. It arises through a complicated interplay of many different behavioural features. Extracting and quantifying the processes that give rise to territorial patterns requires both mathematical models of movement and interaction mechanisms, together with statistical techniques for rigorously extracting parameters from data. Read More

Given a Mersenne prime $q$ and a positive even integer $e$, let $F$ and $E$ be the fields of orders $q$ and $q^e$ respectively. Let $C$ be a cyclic subgroup of $E^\times$ whose index in $E^\times$ is divisible only by primes dividing $q - 1$. We compute the character degrees of the group $C \rtimes {\rm Gal} (E/F)$ by using the Galois connection between the subfields of $E$ and the Galois group ${\rm Gal} (E/F)$. Read More

1. Anthropogenic actions cause rapid ecological changes, meaning that animals have to respond before they have time to adapt. Tools to quantify emergent spatial patterns from animal-habitat interaction mechanisms are vital for predicting the population-level effects of such changes. Read More

Collective phenomena, whereby agent-agent interactions determine spatial patterns, are ubiquitous in the animal kingdom. On the other hand, movement and space use are also greatly influenced by the interactions between animals and their environment. Despite both types of interaction fundamentally influencing animal behaviour, there has hitherto been no unifying framework for the models proposed in both areas. Read More

1. Complex systems of moving and interacting objects are ubiquitous in the natural and social sciences. Predicting their behavior often requires models that mimic these systems with sufficient accuracy, while accounting for their inherent stochasticity. Read More

We show for every prime $p$ that there exists a Camina pair $(G,N)$ where $N$ is a $p$-group and $G$ is not $p$-closed. Read More

We consider the problem of service rate control of a single server queueing system with a finite-state Markov-modulated Poisson arrival process. We show that the optimal service rate is non-decreasing in the number of customers in the system; higher congestion rates warrant higher service rates. On the contrary, however, we show that the optimal service rate is not necessarily monotone in the current arrival rate. Read More

Let \pi(G) denote the set of prime divisors of the order of a finite group G. The prime graph of G is the graph with vertex set \pi(G) with edges {p,q} if and only if there exists an element of order pq in G. In this paper, we prove that a graph is isomorphic to the prime graph of a solvable group if and only if its complement is 3-colorable and triangle free. Read More

The Leidenfrost effect-prolonged evaporation of droplets on a superheated surface-happens only when the surface temperature is above a certain transitional value. Here, we show that specially engineered droplets - liquid marbles - can exhibit similar effect at any superheated temperatures (up to 465 oC tested in our experiment) without a transition. Very possibly, this phenomenon is due to the fact that liquid marbles are droplets coated with microparticles and these microparticles help levitate the liquid core and maintain an insulation layer between the liquid and the superheated surface. Read More

Let $G$ be a nonabelian finite group and let $d$ be an irreducible character degree of $G$. Then there is a positive integer $e$ so that $|G| = d(d+e)$. Snyder has shown that if $e > 1$, then $|G|$ is bounded by a function of $e$. Read More

Let $(G,Z(G))$ be a Camina pair. We prove that $G$ must be a $p$-group for some prime $p$. We also prove that $|Z(G)| < |G:Z(G)|^{3/4}$. Read More

If $G$ is a solvable group and $p$ is a prime, then the Fong-Swan theorem shows that given any irreducible Brauer character $\phi$ of $G$, there exists a character $\chi \in \irrg$ such that $\chi^o = \phi$, where $^o$ denotes the restriction of $\chi$ to the $p$-regular elements of $G$. We say that $\chi$ is a {\it{lift}} of $\phi$ in this case. It is known that if $\phi$ is in a block with abelian defect group $D$, then the number of lifts of $\phi$ is bounded above by $|D|$. Read More

If $G$ is a solvable group, we take $\Delta (G)$ to be the character degree graph for $G$ with primes as vertices. We prove that if $\Delta (G)$ is a square, then $G$ must be a direct product. Read More

For every odd prime $p$ and every integer $n\geq 12$ there is a Heisenberg group of order $p^{5n/4+O(1)}$ that has $p^{n^2/24+O(n)}$ pairwise nonisomorphic quotients of order $p^{n}$. Yet, these quotients are virtually indistinguishable. They have isomorphic character tables, every conjugacy class of a non-central element has the same size, and every element has order at most $p$. Read More

In this paper, we consider solvable groups that satisfy the two-prime hypothesis. We prove that if $G$ is such a group and $G$ has no nonabelian nilpotent quotients, then $|\cd G| \le 462,515$. Combining this result with the result from part I, we deduce that if $G$ is any such group, then the same bound holds. Read More

Suppose $G$ is a $p$-solvable group, where $p$ is odd. We explore the connection between lifts of Brauer characters of $G$ and certain local objects in $G$, called vertex pairs. We show that if $\chi$ is a lift, then the vertex pairs of $\chi$ form a single conjugacy class. Read More

In this paper, we show that if $p$ is a prime and $G$ is a $p$-solvable group, then $| G:O_p (G) |_p \le (b(G)^p/p)^{1/(p-1)}$ where $b(G)$ is the largest character degree of $G$. If $p$ is an odd prime that is not a Mersenne prime or if the nilpotence class of a Sylow $p$-subgroup of $G$ is at most $p$, then $| G:O_p (G) |_p \le b(G)$. Read More

Let $G$ be a solvable group. Let $p$ be a prime and let $Q$ be a $p$-subgroup of a subgroup $V$. Suppose $\phi \in \ibr G$. Read More

In this paper we examine the behavior of lifts of Brauer characters in p-solvable groups where p is an odd prime. In the main result, we show that if \phi \in IBrp(G) is a Brauer character of a solvable group such that \phi has an abelian vertex subgroup Q, then the number of lifts of \phi in Irr(G) is at most |Q|. In order to accomplish this, we develop several results about lifts of Brauer characters in p-solvable groups that were previously only known to be true in the case of groups of odd order. Read More

In this paper, we consider lifts of $\pi$-partial characters with the property that the irreducible constituents of their restrictions to certain normal subgroups are also lifts. We will show that such a lift must be induced from what we call an inductive pair, and every character induced from an inductive pair is a such a lift. With this condition, we will get a lower bound on the number of such lifts. Read More

Isaacs has defined a character to be super monomial if every primitive character inducing it is linear. Isaacs has conjectured that if $G$ is an $M$-group with odd order, then every irreducible character is super monomial. We prove that the conjecture is true if $G$ is an $M$-group of odd order where every irreducible character is a $\{p \}$-lift for some prime $p$. Read More

In this paper, we construct a group with three real irreducible characters whose Sylow 2-subgroup is an iterated central extension of a Suzuki 2-group. This answers a question raised by Moreto and Navarro who asked whether such a group exists. Read More

In this paper, we find a condition that characterizes when two Camina $p$-groups of nilpotence class 2 form a Brauer pair. Read More

Recall that a group $G$ is a Camina group if every nonlinear irreducible character of $G$ vanishes on $G \setminus G'$. Dark and Scoppola classified the Camina groups that can occur. We present a different proof of this classification using Theorem 2, which strengthens a result of Isaacs on Camina pairs. Read More

In this paper, we define the vanishing-off subgroup of a nonabelian group. We study the structure of the quotient of this subgroup and a central series obtained from this subgroup. Read More

We construct a continuum model for biological aggregations in which individuals experience long-range social attraction and short range dispersal. For the case of one spatial dimension, we study the steady states analytically and numerically. There exist strongly nonlinear states with compact support and steep edges that correspond to localized biological aggregations, or clumps. Read More