Marius Dadarlat

Marius Dadarlat
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Marius Dadarlat

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Mathematics - Operator Algebras (26)
Mathematics - K-Theory and Homology (11)
Mathematics - Algebraic Topology (3)
Mathematics - Group Theory (2)
Mathematics - Geometric Topology (1)
Mathematics - Rings and Algebras (1)

Publications Authored By Marius Dadarlat

Connectivity is a homotopy invariant property of separable C*-algebras which has three notable consequences: absence of nontrivial projections, quasidiagonality and a more geometric realization of KK-theory for nuclear C*-algebras using asymptotic morphisms. The purpose of this paper is to further explore the class of connective C*-algebras. We give new characterizations of connectivity for exact and for nuclear separable C*-algebras and show that an extension of connective separable nuclear C*-algebras is connective. Read More

Based on the localization algebras of Yu, and their subsequent analysis by Qiao and Roe, we give a new picture of KK-theory in terms of time-parametrized families of (locally) compact operators that asymptotically commute with appropriate representations. Read More

Connectivity is a homotopy invariant property of a separable C*-algebra A which has three important consequences: absence of nontrivial projections, quasidiagonality and realization of the Kasparov group KK(A,B) as homotopy classes of asymptotic morphisms from A to the stabilization of B if A is nuclear. Here we give a new characterization of connectivity for separable exact C*-algebras and use this characterization to show that the class of discrete countable amenable groups whose augmentation ideals are connective is closed under generalized wreath products. In a related circle of ideas, we give a result on quasidiagonality of reduced crossed-product C*-algebras associated to noncommutative Bernoulli actions. Read More

We exhibit examples of simple separable nuclear C*-algebras, along with actions of the circle group and outer actions of the integers, which are not equivariantly isomorphic to their opposite algebras. In fact, the fixed point subalgebras are not isomorphic to their opposites. The C*-algebras we exhibit are well behaved from the perspective of structure and classification of nuclear C*-algebras: they are unital C*-algebras in the UCT class, with finite nuclear dimension. Read More

The homotopy symmetric $C^*$-algebras are those separable $C^*$-algebras for which one can unsuspend in E-theory. We find a new simple condition that characterizes homotopy symmetric nuclear $C^*$-algebras and use it to show that the property of being homotopy symmetric passes to nuclear $C^*$-subalgebras and it has a number of other significant permanence properties. As an application, we show that if $I(G)$ is the kernel of the trivial representation $\iota:C^*(G)\to \mathbb{C}$ for a countable discrete torsion free nilpotent group $G$, then $I(G)$ is homotopy symmetric and hence the Kasparov group $KK(I(G),B)$ can be realized as the homotopy classes of asymptotic morphisms $[[I(G),B \otimes \mathcal{K}]]$ for any separable $C^*$-algebra $B$. Read More

We give a rigorous account and prove continuity properties for the correspondence between almost flat bundles on a triangularizable compact connected space and the quasi-representations of its fundamental group. For a discrete countable group $\Gamma$ with finite classifying space $B\Gamma$, we study a correspondence between between almost flat K-theory classes on $B\Gamma$ and group homomorphism $K_0(C^*(\Gamma))\to \mathbb{Z}$ that are implemented by pairs of discrete asymptotic homomorphisms from $C^*(\Gamma)$ to matrix algebras. Read More

We have previously shown that the isomorphism classes of orientable locally trivial fields of $C^*$-algebras over a compact metrizable space $X$ with fiber $D\otimes \mathbb{K}$, where $D$ is a strongly self-absorbing $C^*$-algebra, form an abelian group under the operation of tensor product. Moreover this group is isomorphic to the first group $\bar{E}^1_D(X)$ of the (reduced) generalized cohomology theory associated to the unit spectrum of topological K-theory with coefficients in $D$. Here we show that all the torsion elements of the group $\bar{E}^1_D(X)$ arise from locally trivial fields with fiber $D \otimes M_n(\mathbb{C})$, $n\geq 1$, for all known examples of strongly self-absorbing $C^*$-algebras $D$. Read More

By a quasi-representation of a group $G$ we mean an approximately multiplicative map of $G$ to the unitary group of a unital $C^*$-algebra. A quasi-representation induces a partially defined map at the level $K$-theory. In the early 90s Exel and Loring associated two invariants to almost-commuting pairs of unitary matrices $u$ and $v$: one a $K$-theoretic invariant, which may be regarded as the image of the Bott element in $K_0(C(\mathbb{T}^2))$ under a map induced by quasi-representation of $\mathbb{Z}^2$ in U(n); the other is the winding number in $\mathbb{C}\setminus \{0\}$ of the closed path $t\mapsto \det(tvu + (1-t)uv)$. Read More

We give an operator algebraic model for the first group of the unit spectrum $gl_1(KU)$ of complex topological K-theory, i.e. $[X, BGL_1(KU)]$, by bundles of stabilized infinite Cuntz C*-algebras $O_{\infty} \otimes \K$. Read More

We show that separable continuous fields over the unit interval whose fibers are stable Kirchberg algebras that satisfy the universal coefficient theorem in KK-theory and have rational K-theory groups are classified up to isomorphism by filtrated K-theory. Read More

We show that the Dixmier-Douady theory of continuous field $C^*$-algebras with compact operators $\mathbb{K}$ as fibers extends significantly to a more general theory of fields with fibers $A\otimes \mathbb{K}$ where $A$ is a strongly self-absorbing C*-algebra. The classification of the corresponding locally trivial fields involves a generalized cohomology theory which is computable via the Atiyah-Hirzebruch spectral sequence. An important feature of the general theory is the appearance of characteristic classes in higher dimensions. Read More

We examine the question of quasidiagonality for C*-algebras of discrete amenable groups from a variety of angles. We give a quantitative version of Rosenberg's theorem via paradoxical decompositions and a characterization of quasidiagonality for group C*-algebras in terms of embeddability of the groups. We consider several notable examples of groups, such as topological full groups associated with Cantor minimal systems and Abels' celebrated example of a finitely presented solvable group that is not residually finite, and show that they have quasidiagonal C*-algebras. Read More

Let $A$ be a simple, separable C$^*$-algebra of stable rank one. We prove that the Cuntz semigroup of $\CC(\T,A)$ is determined by its Murray-von Neumann semigroup of projections and a certain semigroup of lower semicontinuous functions (with values in the Cuntz semigroup of $A$). This result has two consequences. Read More

We prove that the Cuntz-Pimsner algebra O(E) of a vector bundle E over a compact metrizable space X is determined up to an isomorphism of C(X)-algebras by the ideal (1-[E])K(X) of the K-theory ring K(X). Moreover, if E and F are vector bundles of rank >1, then a unital embedding of C(X)-algebras of O(E) into O(F) exists if and only if 1-[E] is divisible by 1-[F] in the ring K(X). We introduce related, but more computable K-theory and cohomology invariants for O(E) and study their completeness. Read More

Let A be a unital simple separable C*-algebra with strict comparison of positive elements. We prove that the Cuntz semigroup of A is recovered functorially from the Murray-von Neumann semigroup and the tracial state space T(A) whenever the extreme boundary of T(A) is compact and of finite covering dimension. Combined with a result of Winter, we obtain Z \otimes A isomorphic to A whenever A moreover has locally finite decomposition rank. Read More

We define E-theory for separable C*-algebras over second countable topological spaces and establish its basic properties. This includes an approximation theorem that relates the E-theory over a general space to the E-theories over finite approximations to this space. We obtain effective criteria for determining the invertibility of E-theory elements over possibly infinite-dimensional spaces. Read More

It is shown that a strongly self-absorbing C*-algebra is of real rank zero and absorbs the Jiang-Su algebra if it contains a nontrivial projection. We also consider cases where the UCT is automatic for strongly self-absorbing C*-algebras, and K-theoretical ways of characterizing when Kirchberg algebras are strongly self-absorbing. Read More

We prove that a unital simple approximately homogeneous (AH) C*-algebra with no dimension growth absorbs the Jiang-Su algebra tensorially without appealing to the classification theory of these algebras. Our main result continues to hold under the slightly weaker hypothesis of exponentially slow dimension growth. Read More

We exhibit a unital simple nuclear non-type-I C*-algebra into which the Jiang-Su algebra does not embed unitally. This answers a question of M. R{\o}rdam. Read More

We prove that the infinite tensor power of a unital separable C*-algebra absorbs the Jiang-Su algebra Z tensorially if and only if it contains, unitally, a subhomogeneous algebra without characters. This yields a succinct universal property for Z in a category so large that there are no unital separable C*-algebras without characters known to lie outside it. This category moreover contains the vast majority of our stock-in-trade separable amenable C*-algebras, and is closed under passage to separable superalgebras and quotients, and hence to unital tensor products, unital direct limits, and crossed products by countable discrete groups. Read More

Suppose $A$ is a separable unital $C(X)$-algebra each fibre of which is isomorphic to the same strongly self-absorbing and $K_{1}$-injective $C^{*}$-algebra $D$. We show that $A$ and $C(X) \otimes D$ are isomorphic as $C(X)$-algebras provided the compact Hausdorff space $X$ is finite-dimensional. This statement is known not to extend to the infinite-dimensional case. Read More

Let $\Dh$ and $A$ be unital and separable $C^{*}$-algebras; let $\Dh$ be strongly self-absorbing. It is known that any two unital $^*$-homomorphisms from $\Dh$ to $A \otimes \Dh$ are approximately unitarily equivalent. We show that, if $\Dh$ is also $K_{1}$-injective, they are even asymptotically unitarily equivalent. Read More

Let A and B be separable nuclear continuous C(X)-algebras over a finite dimensional compact metrizable space X. It is shown that an element $\sigma$ of the parametrized Kasparov group KK_X(A,B) is invertible if and only if all its fiberwise components $\sigma_x\in KK(A(x),B(x))$ are invertible. This criterion does not extend to infinite dimensional spaces since there exist nontrivial unital separable continuous fields over the Hilbert cube with all fibers isomorphic to the Cuntz algebra O_2. Read More

Let $X$ be a finite dimensional compact metrizable space. We study a technique which employs semiprojectivity as a tool to produce approximations of $C(X)$-algebras by $C(X)$-subalgebras with controlled complexity. The following applications are given. Read More

Let $\Gamma$ be a finitely generated group which is hyperbolic relative to a finite family $\{H_1,... Read More

In this paper we establish a direct connection between stable approximate unitary equivalence for $*$-homomorphisms and the topology of the KK-groups which avoids entirely C*-algebra extension theory and does not require nuclearity assumptions. To this purpose we show that a topology on the Kasparov groups can be defined in terms of approximate unitary equivalence for Cuntz pairs and that this topology coincides with both Pimsner's topology and the Brown-Salinas topology. We study the generalized R{\o}rdam group $KL(A,B)=KK(A,B)/\bar{0}$, and prove that if a separable exact residually finite dimensional C*-algebra satisfies the universal coefficient theorem in KK-theory, then it embeds in the UHF algebra of type $2^\infty$. Read More

In this paper we study the C*-algebras associated to continuous fields over locally compact metrisable zero dimensional spaces whose fibers are Kirchberg C*-algebras satisfying the UCT. We show that these algebras are inductive limits of finite direct sums of Kirchberg algebras and they are classified up to isomorphism by topological invariants. Read More

The mid-seventies' works on C*-algebras of Brown-Douglas-Fillmore and Elliott both contained uniqueness and existence results in a now standard sense. These papers served as keystones for two separate theories -- KK-theory and the classification program -- which for many years parted ways with only moderate interaction. But recent years have seen a fruitful interaction which has been one of the main engines behind rapid progress in the classification program. Read More