Marek Biesiada - Dept. of Astrophysics and Cosmology, University of Silesia, Katowice, Poland

Marek Biesiada
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Marek Biesiada
Dept. of Astrophysics and Cosmology, University of Silesia, Katowice, Poland

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Pub Categories

Cosmology and Nongalactic Astrophysics (19)
Astrophysics (10)
General Relativity and Quantum Cosmology (7)
High Energy Astrophysical Phenomena (3)
High Energy Physics - Phenomenology (3)
Physics - Space Physics (1)
Nonlinear Sciences - Exactly Solvable and Integrable Systems (1)
Mathematical Physics (1)
Solar and Stellar Astrophysics (1)
Mathematics - Mathematical Physics (1)

Publications Authored By Marek Biesiada

A new compilation of $120$ angular-size/redshift data for compact radio quasars from very-long-baseline interferometry (VLBI) surveys motivates us to revisit the interaction between dark energy and dark matter with these probes reaching high redshifts $z\sim 3.0$. In this paper, we investigate observational constraints on different phenomenological interacting dark energy (IDE) models with the intermediate-luminosity radio quasars acting as individual standard rulers, combined with the newest BAO and CMB observation from Planck results acting as statistical rulers. Read More

The"standard-siren" approaches of gravitational wave cosmology appeal to the luminosity distance estimation from the GW observation which relies on the fine details of the waveform. We propose a new waveform independent strategy based on the systems where strongly lensed gravitational waves (GWs) and their electromagnetic (EM) counterparts can be detected simultaneously. With the images and redshifts observed in the EM domain combined with very precise measurements of time delays from lensed GW signals, we can achieve precise cosmography in the era of third-generation gravitational-wave detectors. Read More

Based on a mass-selected sample of galaxy-scale strong gravitational lenses from the SLACS, BELLS, LSD and SL2S surveys and using a well-motivated fiducial set of lens-galaxy parameters we tested the weak-field metric on kiloparsec scales and found a constraint on the post-Newtonian parameter $\gamma = 0.995^{+0.037}_{-0. Read More

In this work, we use a test based on the differential ages of galaxies for distinguishing the dark energy models. As proposed by Jimenez and Loeb, relative ages of galaxies can be used to put constraints on various cosmological parameters. In the same vein, we reconstruct $H_0dt/dz$ and its derivative ($H_0d^2t/dz^2$) using a model independent technique called non-parametric smoothing. Read More

We propose a new model-independent measurement strategy for the propagation speed of gravitational waves (GWs) based on strongly lensed GWs and their electromagnetic (EM) counterparts. This can be done in two ways: by comparing arrival times of GWs and their EM counterparts and by comparing the time delays between images seen in GWs and their EM counterparts. The lensed GW-EM event is perhaps the best way to identify an EM counterpart. Read More

In this paper, based on a 2.29 GHz VLBI all-sky survey of 613 milliarcsecond ultra-compact radio sources with $0.0035Read More

Two-point diagnostics $Om(z_i,z_j)$ and $Omh^2(z_i,z_j)$ have been introduced as an interesting tool for testing the validity of the $\Lambda$CDM model. Quite recently, Sahni, Shafieloo $\&$ Starobinsky (2014) combined two independent measurements of $H(z)$ from BAO data with the value of the Hubble constant $H_0$, and used the second of these diagnostics to test the $\Lambda$CDM model. Their result indicated a considerable tension between observations and predictions of the $\Lambda$CDM model. Read More

We use 118 strong gravitational lenses observed by the SLACS, BELLS, LSD and SL2S surveys to constrain the total mass profile and the profile of luminosity density of stars (light-tracers) in elliptical galaxies up to redshift $z \sim 1$. Assuming power-law density profiles for the total mass density, $\rho=\rho_0(r/r_0)^{-\alpha}$, and luminosity density, $\nu=\nu_0(r/r_0)^{-\delta}$, we investigate the power law index and its first derivative with respect to the redshift. Using Monte Carlo simulations of the posterior likelihood taking the Planck's best-fitted cosmology as a prior, we find $\gamma= 2. Read More

We investigate two dark energy cosmological models (i.e., the $\Lambda$CDM and $\phi$CDM models) with massive neutrinos assuming two different neutrino mass hierarchies in both the spatially flat and non-flat scenarios, where in the $\phi$CDM model the scalar field possesses an inverse power-law potential, $V(\phi)\propto {\phi}^{-\alpha}$ ($\alpha>0$). Read More

In this paper, assuming the validity of distance duality relation, $\eta=D_L(z)(1+z)^{-2}/D_A(z)=1$, where $D_A(z)$ and $D_L(z)$ are the angular and the luminosity distance respectively, we explore two kinds of gas mass density profiles of clusters: the isothermal $\beta$ model and the non-isothermal double-$\beta$ model. In our analysis, performed on 38 massive galaxy clusters observed by \textit{Chandra} (within the redshift range of $0.14Read More

Under very general assumptions of metric theory of spacetime, photons traveling along null geodesics and photon number conservation, two observable concepts of cosmic distance, i.e. the angular diameter and the luminosity distances are related to each other by the so-called distance duality relation (DDR) $D^L=D^A(1+z)^2$. Read More

In this paper, we used standard rulers and standard candles (separately and jointly) to explore five popular dark energy models under assumption of spatial flatness of the Universe. As standard rulers, we used a data set comprising 118 galactic-scale strong lensing systems (individual standard rulers if properly calibrated for the mass density profile) combined with BAO diagnostics (statistical standard ruler). Supernovae Ia served asstandard candles. Read More

In this paper, we assemble a catalog of 118 strong gravitational lensing systems from SLACS, BELLS, LSD and SL2S surveys and use them to constrain the cosmic equation of state. In particular we consider two cases of dark energy phenomenology: $XCDM$ model where dark energy is modeled by a fluid with constant $w$ equation of state parameter and in Chevalier - Polarski - Linder (CPL) parametrization where $w$ is allowed to evolve with redshift: $w(z) = w_0 + w_1 \frac{z}{1+z}$. We assume spherically symmetric mass distribution in lensing galaxies, but relax the rigid assumption of SIS model in favor to more general power-law index $\gamma$, also allowing it to evolve with redshifts $\gamma(z)$. Read More

With a fantastic sensitivity improving significantly over the advanced GW detectors, Einstein Telescope (ET) will be able to observe hundreds of thousand inspiralling double compact objects per year. By virtue of gravitational lensing effect, intrinsically unobservable faint sources can be observed by ET due to the magnification by intervening galaxies. We explore the possibility of observing such faint sources amplified by strong gravitational lensing. Read More

Cosmological applications of the "redshift - angular size" test require knowledge of the linear size of the "standard rod" used. In this paper, we study the properties of a large sample of 140 milliarcsecond compact radio sources with flux densities measured at 6 cm and 20 cm, compiled by Gurvits et al.(1999). Read More

Recently, Sahni, Shafielo o & Starobinsky (2014) combined two independent measurements of $H(z)$ from BAO data with the value of the Hubble constant $H_0 = H(z=0)$, in order to test the cosmological constant hypothesis by means of an improved version of the $Om$ diagnostic. Their result indicated a considerable tension between observations and predictions of the $\Lambda$CDM model. However, such strong conclusion was based only on three measurements of $H(z)$. Read More

Gravitational wave (GW) experiments are entering their advanced stage which should soon open a new observational window on the Universe. Looking into this future, the Einstein Telescope (ET) was designed to have a fantastic sensitivity improving significantly over the advanced GW detectors. One of the most important astrophysical GW sources supposed to be detected by the ET in large numbers are double compact objects (DCO) and some of such events should be gravitationally lensed by intervening galaxies. Read More

Gravitational wave experiments have entered a new stage which gets us closer to the opening a new observational window on the Universe. In particular, the Einstein Telescope (ET) is designed to have a fantastic sensitivity that will provide with tens or hundreds of thousand NS-NS inspiral events per year up to the redshift z = 2. Some of such events should be gravitationally lensed by intervening galaxies. Read More

Classical Cepheids form one of the foundations of modern cosmology and the extragalactic distance scale, however, cosmic microwave background observations measure cosmological parameters and indirectly the Hubble Constant, H0, to unparalleled precision. The coming decade will provide opportunities to measure H0 to 2% uncertainty thanks to the GAIA satellite, JWST, ELTs and other telescopes using Cepheids and other standard candles. In this work, we discuss the upcoming role for variable stars and asteroseismology in calibrating the distance scale and measuring H0 and what problems exist in understanding these stars that will feedback on these measurements. Read More

Strong lensing has developed into an important astrophysical tool for probing both cosmology and galaxies (their structure, formation, and evolution). Using the gravitational lensing theory and cluster mass distribution model, we try to collect a relatively complete observational data concerning the Hubble constant independent ratio between two angular diameter distances $D_{ds}/D_s$ from various large systematic gravitational lens surveys and lensing by galaxy clusters combined with X-ray observations, and check the possibility to use it in the future as complementary to other cosmological probes. On one hand, strongly gravitationally lensed quasar-galaxy systems create such a new opportunity by combining stellar kinematics (central velocity dispersion measurements) with lensing geometry (Einstein radius determination from position of images). Read More

Lorentz Invariance Violation (LIV) manifesting itself by energy dependent modification of standard relativistic dispersion relation has recently attracted a considerable attention. Ellis et al. previously investigated the energy dependent time offsets in different energy bands on a sample of gamma ray bursts and, assuming standard cosmological model, they found a weak indication for redshift dependence of time delays suggestive of LIV. Read More

Using the idea of the degree of a smooth mapping between two manifolds of the same dimension we present here the topological (homotopical) classification of the mappings between spheres of the same dimension, vector fields, monopole and instanton solutions. Starting with a review of the elements of Riemannian geometry we also present an original elementary proof of the Gauss-Bonnet theorem and the Poincar\'{e}-Hopf theorem. Read More

Modern ideas in quantum gravity predict the possibility of Lorenz Invariance Violation (LIV) manifested e.g. by energy dependent modification of standard relativistic dispersion relation. Read More

Despite the fact that quantum gravity theory still remains elusive, it is generally expected that it will bring the picture of a space-time foam at short distances leading to Lorenz Invariance Violation (LIV) manifested e.g. by energy dependent modification of standard relativistic dispersion relation. Read More

Authors: Marek Biesiada1
Affiliations: 1Dept. of Astrophysics and Cosmology, University of Silesia, Katowice, Poland
Category: Astrophysics

There are several different theoretical ideas invoked to explain the dark energy with relatively little guidance of which one of them might be right. Therefore the emphasis of ongoing and forthcoming research in this field shifts from estimating specific parameters of cosmological model to the model selection. In this paper we apply information-theoretic model selection approach based on Akaike criterion as an estimator of Kullback-Leibler entropy. Read More

Affiliations: 1Torun Centre for Astronomy, 2CAMK, 3University of Silesia, 4Torun Centre for Astronomy, 5Torun Centre for Astronomy

Could cosmic topology imply dark energy? We use a weak field (Newtonian) approximation of gravity and consider the gravitational effect from distant, multiple copies of a large, collapsed (virialised) object today (i.e. a massive galaxy cluster), taking into account the finite propagation speed of gravity, in a flat, multiply connected universe, and assume that due to a prior epoch of fast expansion (e. Read More

The so called Generalized Chaplygin Gas (GCG) with the equation of state $p = - \frac{A}{{\rho}^{\alpha}}$ was recently proposed as a candidate for dark energy in the Universe. In this paper we confront the GCG with SNIa data. Specifically we have tested the GCG cosmology in three different classes of models with (1) $\Omega_m= 0. Read More

In this paper we derive a bound on the rate of change of the gravitational constant G coming from the pulsating white dwarf G117-B15A. This star is a ZZ Ceti pulsator extensively studied with astroseismological techniques for last three decades. The most recent determination of {\dot P} = (2. Read More

In a recent paper Abramowicz and Klu{\'z}niak have discussed the problem of epicyclic oscillations in Newton's and Einstein's dynamics and have shown that Newton's dynamics in a properly curved three-dimensional space is identical to test-body dynamics in the three-dimensional optical geometry of Schwarzschild space-time. One of the main results of this paper was the proof that different behaviour of radial epicyclic frequency and Keplerian frequency in Newtonian and General Relativistic regimes had purely geometric origin contrary to claims that nonlinearity of Einstein's theory was responsible for this effect. In this paper we obtain the same result from another perspective: by representing these two distinct problems (Newtonian and Einstein's test body motion in central gravitational field) in a uniform way -- as a geodesic motion. Read More

Qualitative approach to homogeneous anisotropic Bianchi class A models in terms of dynamical systems reveals a hierarchy of invariant manifolds. By calculating the Kovalevski Exponents according to Adler - van Moerbecke method we discuss how algebraic integrability property is distributed in this class of models. In particular we find that algebraic nonintegrability of vacuum Bianchi VII_0 model is inherited by more general Bianchi VIII and Bianchi IX vacuum types. Read More

Affiliations: 1Institute of Physics, University of Silesia, 2Institute of Physics, University of Silesia

Theories of fundamental interactions with large extra dimensions have recently become very popular. Astrophysical bounds from the Sun, red-giants and SN1987a have already been derived by other authors for the theory proposed by Arkani-Hamed, Dimopoulos and Dvali. In this paper we consider G117-B15A pulsating white dwarf (ZZ Ceti star) for which the secular rate at which the period of its fundamental mode increases has been accurately measured and claimed that this mode of G117-B15A is perhaps the most stable oscillation ever recorded in the optical band. Read More

Future generation of interferometric gravitational wave detectors is hoped to provide accurate measurements of the final stages of binary inspirals. The sources probed by such experiments are of extragalactic origin and the observed chirp mass is the intrinsic chirp mass multiplied by $(1+z)$ where $z$ is the redshift of the source. Moreover the luminosity distance is a direct observable is such experiments. Read More

In this paper we discuss the QCD phase-transitions in the nontopological soliton model of quark confinement and explore possible astrophysical consequences. Our key idea is to look at quark stars (which are believed to exist since the quark matter is energetically preferred over the ordinary matter) from the point of view of soliton model. We propose that the phase transition taking place during the core collapse of massive evolved star may provide a new physical effect not taken into account in modeling the supernova explosions. Read More

It is tempting to raise the issue of (metric) chaos in general relativity since the Einstein equations are a set of highly nonlinear equations which may exhibit dynamically very complicated solutions for the space-time metric. However, in general relativity it is not easy to construct indicators of chaos which are gauge-invariant. Therefore it is reasonable to start by investigating - at first - the possibility of a gauge-invariant description of local instability. Read More

In this letter we propose a physical explanation for recently reported correlations between pairs of close and antipodal gamma-ray bursts from publicly available BATSE catalogue. Our model is based on the cosmological scenario in which bursters are located at cosmological distances of order of 0.5--2~Gpc. Read More