Marc Audard - Columbia University

Marc Audard
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Name
Marc Audard
Affiliation
Columbia University
City
New York
Country
United States

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Astrophysics (17)
 
Solar and Stellar Astrophysics (9)
 
Astrophysics of Galaxies (7)
 
High Energy Astrophysical Phenomena (6)
 
Instrumentation and Methods for Astrophysics (4)
 
Cosmology and Nongalactic Astrophysics (3)
 
Earth and Planetary Astrophysics (1)

Publications Authored By Marc Audard

We present mid-infrared observations for a sample of 16 O-type stars. The data were acquired with the NASA Spitzer Space Telescope, using the IRS instrument at moderate resolution (R $\sim$ 600), covering the range $\sim 10-37$ microns. Our sample includes early, mid and late O supergiants and dwarfs. Read More

In this article we present an overview of the ESA Gaia mission and of the unprecedented impact that Gaia will have on the field of variable star research. We summarise the contents and impact of the first Gaia data release on the description of variability phenomena, with particular emphasis on pulsating star research. The Tycho-Gaia astrometric solution, although limited to 2. Read More

2016Jul
Authors: Hitomi Collaboration, Felix A. Aharonian, Hiroki Akamatsu, Fumie Akimoto, Steven W. Allen, Lorella Angelini, Keith A. Arnaud, Marc Audard, Hisamitsu Awaki, Magnus Axelsson, Aya Bamba, Marshall W. Bautz, Roger D. Blandford, Laura W. Brenneman, Gregory V. Brown, Esra Bulbul, Edward M. Cackett, Maria Chernyakova, Meng P. Chiao, Paolo Coppi, Elisa Costantini, Jelle de Plaa, Jan-Willem den Herder, Chris Done, Tadayasu Dotani, Ken Ebisawa, Megan E. Eckart, Teruaki Enoto, Yuichiro Ezoe, Andrew C. Fabian, Carlo Ferrigno, Adam R. Foster, Ryuichi Fujimoto, Yasushi Fukazawa, Akihiro Furuzawa, Massimiliano Galeazzi, Luigi C. Gallo, Poshak Gandhi, Margherita Giustini, Andrea Goldwurm, Liyi Gu, Matteo Guainazzi, Yoshito Haba, Kouichi Hagino, Kenji Hamaguchi, Ilana Harrus, Isamu Hatsukade, Katsuhiro Hayashi, Takayuki Hayashi, Kiyoshi Hayashida, Junko Hiraga, Ann E. Hornschemeier, Akio Hoshino, John P. Hughes, Yuto Ichinohe, Ryo Iizuka, Hajime Inoue, Shota Inoue, Yoshiyuki Inoue, Kazunori Ishibashi, Manabu Ishida, Kumi Ishikawa, Yoshitaka Ishisaki, Masayuki Itoh, Masachika Iwai, Naoko Iyomoto, Jelle S. Kaastra, Timothy Kallman, Tuneyoshi Kamae, Erin Kara, Jun Kataoka, Satoru Katsuda, Junichiro Katsuta, Madoka Kawaharada, Nobuyuki Kawai, Richard L. Kelley, Dmitry Khangulyan, Caroline A. Kilbourne, Ashley L. King, Takao Kitaguchi, Shunji Kitamoto, Tetsu Kitayama, Takayoshi Kohmura, Motohide Kokubun, Shu Koyama, Katsuji Koyama, Peter Kretschmar, Hans A. Krimm, Aya Kubota, Hideyo Kunieda, Philippe Laurent, Francois Lebrun, Shiu-Hang Lee, Maurice Leutenegger, Olivier Limousin, Michael Loewenstein, Knox S. Long, David Lumb, Grzegorz M. Madejski, Yoshitomo Maeda, Daniel Maier, Kazuo Makishima, Maxim Markevitch, Hironori Matsumoto, Kyoko Matsushita, Dan McCammon, Brian R. McNamara, Missagh Mehdipour, Eric D. Miller, Jon M. Miller, Shin Mineshige, Kazuhisa Mitsuda, Ikuyuki Mitsuishi, Takuya Miyazawa, Tsunefumi Mizuno, Hideyuki Mori, Koji Mori, Harvey Moseley, Koji Mukai, Hiroshi Murakami, Toshio Murakami, Richard F. Mushotzky, Takao Nakagawa, Hiroshi Nakajima, Takeshi Nakamori, Toshio Nakano, Shinya Nakashima, Kazuhiro Nakazawa, Kumiko Nobukawa, Masayoshi Nobukawa, Hirofumi Noda, Masaharu Nomachi, Steve L. O'Dell, Hirokazu Odaka, Takaya Ohashi, Masanori Ohno, Takashi Okajima, Naomi Ota, Masanobu Ozaki, Frits Paerels, Stephane Paltani, Arvind Parmar, Robert Petre, Ciro Pinto, Martin Pohl, F. Scott Porter, Katja Pottschmidt, Brian D. Ramsey, Christopher S. Reynolds, Helen R. Russell, Samar Safi-Harb, Shinya Saito, Kazuhiro Sakai, Hiroaki Sameshima, Toru Sasaki, Goro Sato, Kosuke Sato, Rie Sato, Makoto Sawada, Norbert Schartel, Peter J. Serlemitsos, Hiromi Seta, Megumi Shidatsu, Aurora Simionescu, Randall K. Smith, Yang Soong, Lukasz Stawarz, Yasuharu Sugawara, Satoshi Sugita, Andrew E. Szymkowiak, Hiroyasu Tajima, Hiromitsu Takahashi, Tadayuki Takahashi, Shin'ichiro Takeda, Yoh Takei, Toru Tamagawa, Keisuke Tamura, Takayuki Tamura, Takaaki Tanaka, Yasuo Tanaka, Yasuyuki Tanaka, Makoto Tashiro, Yuzuru Tawara, Yukikatsu Terada, Yuichi Terashima, Francesco Tombesi, Hiroshi Tomida, Yohko Tsuboi, Masahiro Tsujimoto, Hiroshi Tsunemi, Takeshi Tsuru, Hiroyuki Uchida, Hideki Uchiyama, Yasunobu Uchiyama, Shutaro Ueda, Yoshihiro Ueda, Shiro Ueno, Shin'ichiro Uno, C. Meg Urry, Eugenio Ursino, Cor P. de Vries, Shin Watanabe, Norbert Werner, Daniel R. Wik, Dan R. Wilkins, Brian J. Williams, Shinya Yamada, Hiroya Yamaguchi, Kazutaka Yamaoka, Noriko Y. Yamasaki, Makoto Yamauchi, Shigeo Yamauchi, Tahir Yaqoob, Yoichi Yatsu, Daisuke Yonetoku, Atsumasa Yoshida, Irina Zhuravleva, Abderahmen Zoghbi

High-resolution X-ray spectroscopy with Hitomi was expected to resolve the origin of the faint unidentified E=3.5 keV emission line reported in several low-resolution studies of various massive systems, such as galaxies and clusters, including the Perseus cluster. We have analyzed the Hitomi first-light observation of the Perseus cluster. Read More

2016Jul
Authors: Hitomi Collaboration, Felix Aharonian, Hiroki Akamatsu, Fumie Akimoto, Steven W. Allen, Naohisa Anabuki, Lorella Angelini, Keith Arnaud, Marc Audard, Hisamitsu Awaki, Magnus Axelsson, Aya Bamba, Marshall Bautz, Roger Blandford, Laura Brenneman, Gregory V. Brown, Esra Bulbul, Edward Cackett, Maria Chernyakova, Meng Chiao, Paolo Coppi, Elisa Costantini, Jelle de Plaa, Jan-Willem den Herder, Chris Done, Tadayasu Dotani, Ken Ebisawa, Megan Eckart, Teruaki Enoto, Yuichiro Ezoe, Andrew Fabian, Carlo Ferrigno, Adam Foster, Ryuichi Fujimoto, Yasushi Fukazawa, Akihiro Furuzawa, Massimiliano Galeazzi, Luigi Gallo, Poshak Gandhi, Margherita Giustini, Andrea Goldwurm, Liyi Gu, Matteo Guainazzi, Yoshito Haba, Kouichi Hagino, Kenji Hamaguchi, Ilana Harrus, Isamu Hatsukade, Katsuhiro Hayashi, Takayuki Hayashi, Kiyoshi Hayashida, Junko Hiraga, Ann Hornschemeier, Akio Hoshino, John Hughes, Ryo Iizuka, Hajime Inoue, Yoshiyuki Inoue, Kazunori Ishibashi, Manabu Ishida, Kumi Ishikawa, Yoshitaka Ishisaki, Masayuki Itoh, Naoko Iyomoto, Jelle Kaastra, Timothy Kallman, Tuneyoshi Kamae, Erin Kara, Jun Kataoka, Satoru Katsuda, Junichiro Katsuta, Madoka Kawaharada, Nobuyuki Kawai, Richard Kelley, Dmitry Khangulyan, Caroline Kilbourne, Ashley King, Takao Kitaguchi, Shunji Kitamoto, Tetsu Kitayama, Takayoshi Kohmura, Motohide Kokubun, Shu Koyama, Katsuji Koyama, Peter Kretschmar, Hans Krimm, Aya Kubota, Hideyo Kunieda, Philippe Laurent, Francois Lebrun, Shiu-Hang Lee, Maurice Leutenegger, Olivier Limousin, Michael Loewenstein, Knox S. Long, David Lumb, Grzegorz Madejski, Yoshitomo Maeda, Daniel Maier, Kazuo Makishima, Maxim Markevitch, Hironori Matsumoto, Kyoko Matsushita, Dan McCammon, Brian McNamara, Missagh Mehdipour, Eric Miller, Jon Miller, Shin Mineshige, Kazuhisa Mitsuda, Ikuyuki Mitsuishi, Takuya Miyazawa, Tsunefumi Mizuno, Hideyuki Mori, Koji Mori, Harvey Moseley, Koji Mukai, Hiroshi Murakami, Toshio Murakami, Richard Mushotzky, Ryo Nagino, Takao Nakagawa, Hiroshi Nakajima, Takeshi Nakamori, Toshio Nakano, Shinya Nakashima, Kazuhiro Nakazawa, Masayoshi Nobukawa, Hirofumi Noda, Masaharu Nomachi, Steve O'Dell, Hirokazu Odaka, Takaya Ohashi, Masanori Ohno, Takashi Okajima, Naomi Ota, Masanobu Ozaki, Frits Paerels, Stephane Paltani, Arvind Parmar, Robert Petre, Ciro Pinto, Martin Pohl, F. Scott Porter, Katja Pottschmidt, Brian Ramsey, Christopher Reynolds, Helen Russell, Samar Safi-Harb, Shinya Saito, Kazuhiro Sakai, Hiroaki Sameshima, Goro Sato, Kosuke Sato, Rie Sato, Makoto Sawada, Norbert Schartel, Peter Serlemitsos, Hiromi Seta, Megumi Shidatsu, Aurora Simionescu, Randall Smith, Yang Soong, Lukasz Stawarz, Yasuharu Sugawara, Satoshi Sugita, Andrew Szymkowiak, Hiroyasu Tajima, Hiromitsu Takahashi, Tadayuki Takahashi, Shin'ichiro Takeda, Yoh Takei, Toru Tamagawa, Keisuke Tamura, Takayuki Tamura, Takaaki Tanaka, Yasuo Tanaka, Yasuyuki Tanaka, Makoto Tashiro, Yuzuru Tawara, Yukikatsu Terada, Yuichi Terashima, Francesco Tombesi, Hiroshi Tomida, Yohko Tsuboi, Masahiro Tsujimoto, Hiroshi Tsunemi, Takeshi Tsuru, Hiroyuki Uchida, Hideki Uchiyama, Yasunobu Uchiyama, Shutaro Ueda, Yoshihiro Ueda, Shiro Ueno, Shin'ichiro Uno, Meg Urry, Eugenio Ursino, Cor de Vries, Shin Watanabe, Norbert Werner, Daniel Wik, Dan Wilkins, Brian Williams, Shinya Yamada, Hiroya Yamaguchi, Kazutaka Yamaok, Noriko Y. Yamasaki, Makoto Yamauchi, Shigeo Yamauchi, Tahir Yaqoob, Yoichi Yatsu, Daisuke Yonetoku, Atsumasa Yoshida, Takayuki Yuasa, Irina Zhuravleva, Abderahmen Zoghbi

Clusters of galaxies are the most massive gravitationally-bound objects in the Universe and are still forming. They are thus important probes of cosmological parameters and a host of astrophysical processes. Knowledge of the dynamics of the pervasive hot gas, which dominates in mass over stars in a cluster, is a crucial missing ingredient. Read More

We present results of pointed X-ray observations of the accreting jet-driving T Tauri star RY Tau using Chandra and XMM-Newton. We obtained high-resolution grating spectra and excellent-quality CCD spectra and light curves with the objective of identifying the physical mechanisms underlying RY Tau's bright X-ray emission. Grating spectra reveal numerous emission lines spanning a broad range of temperature superimposed on a hot continuum. Read More

IRAS 22134+5834 was observed in the centimeter with (E)VLA, 3~mm with CARMA, 2~mm with PdBI, and 1.3~mm with SMA, to study the continuum emission as well as the molecular lines, that trace different physical conditions of the gas to study the influence of massive YSOs on nearby starless cores, and the possible implications in the clustered star formation process. The multi-wavelength centimeter continuum observations revealed two radio sources within the cluster, VLA1 and VLA2. Read More

2014Dec
Authors: Tadayuki Takahashi, Kazuhisa Mitsuda, Richard Kelley, Felix Aharonian, Hiroki Akamatsu, Fumie Akimoto, Steve Allen, Naohisa Anabuki, Lorella Angelini, Keith Arnaud, Makoto Asai, Marc Audard, Hisamitsu Awaki, Philipp Azzarello, Chris Baluta, Aya Bamba, Nobutaka Bando, Marshall Bautz, Thomas Bialas, Roger Blandford, Kevin Boyce, Laura Brenneman, Greg Brown, Edward Cackett, Edgar Canavan, Maria Chernyakova, Meng Chiao, Paolo Coppi, Elisa Costantini, Jelle de Plaa, Jan-Willem den Herder, Michael DiPirro, Chris Done, Tadayasu Dotani, John Doty, Ken Ebisawa, Megan Eckart, Teruaki Enoto, Yuichiro Ezoe, Andrew Fabian, Carlo Ferrigno, Adam Foster, Ryuichi Fujimoto, Yasushi Fukazawa, Stefan Funk, Akihiro Furuzawa, Massimiliano Galeazzi, Luigi Gallo, Poshak Gandhi, Kirk Gilmore, Matteo Guainazzi, Daniel Haas, Yoshito Haba, Kenji Hamaguchi, Atsushi Harayama, Isamu Hatsukade, Takayuki Hayashi, Katsuhiro Hayashi, Kiyoshi Hayashida, Junko Hiraga, Kazuyuki Hirose, Ann Hornschemeier, Akio Hoshino, John Hughes, Una Hwang, Ryo Iizuka, Yoshiyuki Inoue, Kazunori Ishibashi, Manabu Ishida, Kumi Ishikawa, Kosei Ishimura, Yoshitaka Ishisaki, Masayuki Ito, Naoko Iwata, Naoko Iyomoto, Chris Jewell, Jelle Kaastra, Timothy Kallman, Tuneyoshi Kamae, Jun Kataoka, Satoru Katsuda, Junichiro Katsuta, Madoka Kawaharada, Nobuyuki Kawai, Taro Kawano, Shigeo Kawasaki, Dmitry Khangulyan, Caroline Kilbourne, Mark Kimball, Masashi Kimura, Shunji Kitamoto, Tetsu Kitayama, Takayoshi Kohmura, Motohide Kokubun, Saori Konami, Tatsuro Kosaka, Alex Koujelev, Katsuji Koyama, Hans Krimm, Aya Kubota, Hideyo Kunieda, Stephanie LaMassa, Philippe Laurent, Franccois Lebrun, Maurice Leutenegger, Olivier Limousin, Michael Loewenstein, Knox Long, David Lumb, Grzegorz Madejski, Yoshitomo Maeda, Kazuo Makishima, Maxim Markevitch, Candace Masters, Hironori Matsumoto, Kyoko Matsushita, Dan McCammon, Daniel Mcguinness, Brian McNamara, Joseph Miko, Jon Miller, Eric Miller, Shin Mineshige, Kenji Minesugi, Ikuyuki Mitsuishi, Takuya Miyazawa, Tsunefumi Mizuno, Koji Mori, Hideyuki Mori, Franco Moroso, Theodore Muench, Koji Mukai, Hiroshi Murakami, Toshio Murakami, Richard Mushotzky, Housei Nagano, Ryo Nagino, Takao Nakagawa, Hiroshi Nakajima, Takeshi Nakamori, Shinya Nakashima, Kazuhiro Nakazawa, Yoshiharu Namba, Chikara Natsukari, Yusuke Nishioka, Masayoshi Nobukawa, Hirofumi Noda, Masaharu Nomachi, Steve O' Dell, Hirokazu Odaka, Hiroyuki Ogawa, Mina Ogawa, Keiji Ogi, Takaya Ohashi, Masanori Ohno, Masayuki Ohta, Takashi Okajima, Atsushi Okamoto, Tsuyoshi Okazaki, Naomi Ota, Masanobu Ozaki, Frits Paerels, St'ephane Paltani, Arvind Parmar, Robert Petre, Ciro Pinto, Martin Pohl, James Pontius, F. Scott Porter, Katja Pottschmidt, Brian Ramsey, Rubens Reis, Christopher Reynolds, Claudio Ricci, Helen Russell, Samar Safi-Harb, Shinya Saito, Shin-ichiro Sakai, Hiroaki Sameshima, Goro Sato, Yoichi Sato, Kosuke Sato, Rie Sato, Makoto Sawada, Peter Serlemitsos, Hiromi Seta, Yasuko Shibano, Maki Shida, Takanobu Shimada, Keisuke Shinozaki, Peter Shirron, Aurora Simionescu, Cynthia Simmons, Randall Smith, Gary Sneiderman, Yang Soong, Lukasz Stawarz, Yasuharu Sugawara, Hiroyuki Sugita, Satoshi Sugita, Andrew Szymkowiak, Hiroyasu Tajima, Hiromitsu Takahashi, Hiroaki Takahashi, Shin-ichiro Takeda, Yoh Takei, Toru Tamagawa, Takayuki Tamura, Keisuke Tamura, Takaaki Tanaka, Yasuo Tanaka, Yasuyuki Tanaka, Makoto Tashiro, Yuzuru Tawara, Yukikatsu Terada, Yuichi Terashima, Francesco Tombesi, Hiroshi Tomida, Yohko Tsuboi, Masahiro Tsujimoto, Hiroshi Tsunemi, Takeshi Tsuru, Hiroyuki Uchida, Yasunobu Uchiyama, Hideki Uchiyama, Yoshihiro Ueda, Shutaro Ueda, Shiro Ueno, Shinichiro Uno, Meg Urry, Eugenio Ursino, Cor de Vries, Atsushi Wada, Shin Watanabe, Tomomi Watanabe, Norbert Werner, Nicholas White, Dan Wilkins, Takahiro Yamada, Shinya Yamada, Hiroya Yamaguchi, Kazutaka Yamaoka, Noriko Yamasaki, Makoto Yamauchi, Shigeo Yamauchi, Tahir Yaqoob, Yoichi Yatsu, Daisuke Yonetoku, Atsumasa Yoshida, Takayuki Yuasa, Irina Zhuravleva, Abderahmen Zoghbi, John ZuHone

The joint JAXA/NASA ASTRO-H mission is the sixth in a series of highly successful X-ray missions developed by the Institute of Space and Astronautical Science (ISAS), with a planned launch in 2015. The ASTRO-H mission is equipped with a suite of sensitive instruments with the highest energy resolution ever achieved at E > 3 keV and a wide energy range spanning four decades in energy from soft X-rays to gamma-rays. The simultaneous broad band pass, coupled with the high spectral resolution of Delta E < 7 eV of the micro-calorimeter, will enable a wide variety of important science themes to be pursued. Read More

In the last twenty years, the topic of episodic accretion has gained significant interest in the star formation community. It is now viewed as a common, though still poorly understood, phenomenon in low-mass star formation. The FU Orionis objects (FUors) are long-studied examples of this phenomenon. Read More

2013Jun
Authors: Kirpal Nandra1, Didier Barret2, Xavier Barcons3, Andy Fabian4, Jan-Willem den Herder5, Luigi Piro6, Mike Watson7, Christophe Adami8, James Aird9, Jose Manuel Afonso10, Dave Alexander11, Costanza Argiroffi12, Lorenzo Amati13, Monique Arnaud14, Jean-Luc Atteia15, Marc Audard16, Carles Badenes17, Jean Ballet18, Lucia Ballo19, Aya Bamba20, Anil Bhardwaj21, Elia Stefano Battistelli22, Werner Becker23, Michaël De Becker24, Ehud Behar25, Stefano Bianchi26, Veronica Biffi27, Laura Bîrzan28, Fabrizio Bocchino29, Slavko Bogdanov30, Laurence Boirin31, Thomas Boller32, Stefano Borgani33, Katharina Borm34, Nicolas Bouché35, Hervé Bourdin36, Richard Bower37, Valentina Braito38, Enzo Branchini39, Graziella Branduardi-Raymont40, Joel Bregman41, Laura Brenneman42, Murray Brightman43, Marcus Brüggen44, Johannes Buchner45, Esra Bulbul46, Marcella Brusa47, Michal Bursa48, Alessandro Caccianiga49, Ed Cackett50, Sergio Campana51, Nico Cappelluti52, Massimo Cappi53, Francisco Carrera54, Maite Ceballos55, Finn Christensen56, You-Hua Chu57, Eugene Churazov58, Nicolas Clerc59, Stephane Corbel60, Amalia Corral61, Andrea Comastri62, Elisa Costantini63, Judith Croston64, Mauro Dadina65, Antonino D'Ai66, Anne Decourchelle67, Roberto Della Ceca68, Konrad Dennerl69, Klaus Dolag70, Chris Done71, Michal Dovciak72, Jeremy Drake73, Dominique Eckert74, Alastair Edge75, Stefano Ettori76, Yuichiro Ezoe77, Eric Feigelson78, Rob Fender79, Chiara Feruglio80, Alexis Finoguenov81, Fabrizio Fiore82, Massimiliano Galeazzi83, Sarah Gallagher84, Poshak Gandhi85, Massimo Gaspari86, Fabio Gastaldello87, Antonis Georgakakis88, Ioannis Georgantopoulos89, Marat Gilfanov90, Myriam Gitti91, Randy Gladstone92, Rene Goosmann93, Eric Gosset94, Nicolas Grosso95, Manuel Guedel96, Martin Guerrero97, Frank Haberl98, Martin Hardcastle99, Sebastian Heinz100, Almudena Alonso Herrero101, Anthony Hervé102, Mats Holmstrom103, Kazushi Iwasawa104, Peter Jonker105, Jelle Kaastra106, Erin Kara107, Vladimir Karas108, Joel Kastner109, Andrew King110, Daria Kosenko111, Dimita Koutroumpa112, Ralph Kraft113, Ingo Kreykenbohm114, Rosine Lallement115, Giorgio Lanzuisi116, J. Lee117, Marianne Lemoine-Goumard118, Andrew Lobban119, Giuseppe Lodato120, Lorenzo Lovisari121, Simone Lotti122, Ian McCharthy123, Brian McNamara124, Antonio Maggio125, Roberto Maiolino126, Barbara De Marco127, Domitilla de Martino128, Silvia Mateos129, Giorgio Matt130, Ben Maughan131, Pasquale Mazzotta132, Mariano Mendez133, Andrea Merloni134, Giuseppina Micela135, Marco Miceli136, Robert Mignani137, Jon Miller138, Giovanni Miniutti139, Silvano Molendi140, Rodolfo Montez141, Alberto Moretti142, Christian Motch143, Yaël Nazé144, Jukka Nevalainen145, Fabrizio Nicastro146, Paul Nulsen147, Takaya Ohashi148, Paul O'Brien149, Julian Osborne150, Lida Oskinova151, Florian Pacaud152, Frederik Paerels153, Mat Page154, Iossif Papadakis155, Giovanni Pareschi156, Robert Petre157, Pierre-Olivier Petrucci158, Enrico Piconcelli159, Ignazio Pillitteri160, C. Pinto161, Jelle de Plaa162, Etienne Pointecouteau163, Trevor Ponman164, Gabriele Ponti165, Delphine Porquet166, Ken Pounds167, Gabriel Pratt168, Peter Predehl169, Daniel Proga170, Dimitrios Psaltis171, David Rafferty172, Miriam Ramos-Ceja173, Piero Ranalli174, Elena Rasia175, Arne Rau176, Gregor Rauw177, Nanda Rea178, Andy Read179, James Reeves180, Thomas Reiprich181, Matthieu Renaud182, Chris Reynolds183, Guido Risaliti184, Jerome Rodriguez185, Paola Rodriguez Hidalgo186, Mauro Roncarelli187, David Rosario188, Mariachiara Rossetti189, Agata Rozanska190, Emmanouil Rovilos191, Ruben Salvaterra192, Mara Salvato193, Tiziana Di Salvo194, Jeremy Sanders195, Jorge Sanz-Forcada196, Kevin Schawinski197, Joop Schaye198, Axel Schwope199, Salvatore Sciortino200, Paola Severgnini201, Francesco Shankar202, Debora Sijacki203, Stuart Sim204, Christian Schmid205, Randall Smith206, Andrew Steiner207, Beate Stelzer208, Gordon Stewart209, Tod Strohmayer210, Lothar Strüder211, Ming Sun212, Yoh Takei213, V. Tatischeff214, Andreas Tiengo215, Francesco Tombesi216, Ginevra Trinchieri217, T. G. Tsuru218, Asif Ud-Doula219, Eugenio Ursino220, Lynne Valencic221, Eros Vanzella222, Simon Vaughan223, Cristian Vignali224, Jacco Vink225, Fabio Vito226, Marta Volonteri227, Daniel Wang228, Natalie Webb229, Richard Willingale230, Joern Wilms231, Michael Wise232, Diana Worrall233, Andrew Young234, Luca Zampieri235, Jean In't Zand236, Silvia Zane237, Andreas Zezas238, Yuying Zhang239, Irina Zhuravleva240
Affiliations: 1DE, 2FR, 3ES, 4UK, 5NL, 6IT, 7UK, 8FR, 9UK, 10PT, 11UK, 12IT, 13IT, 14FR, 15FR, 16CH, 17US, 18FR, 19IT, 20JP, 21IN, 22IT, 23DE, 24BE, 25IL, 26IT, 27IT, 28NL, 29IT, 30US, 31FR, 32DE, 33IT, 34DE, 35FR, 36IT, 37UK, 38IT, 39IT, 40UK, 41US, 42US, 43DE, 44DE, 45DE, 46US, 47IT, 48CZ, 49IT, 50US, 51IT, 52IT, 53IT, 54ES, 55ES, 56DK, 57US, 58DE, 59DE, 60FR, 61GR, 62IT, 63NL, 64UK, 65IT, 66IT, 67FR, 68IT, 69DE, 70DE, 71UK, 72CZ, 73US, 74CH, 75UK, 76IT, 77JP, 78US, 79UK, 80FR, 81FI, 82IT, 83IT, 84CA, 85UK, 86IT, 87IT, 88DE, 89GR, 90DE, 91IT, 92US, 93FR, 94BE, 95FR, 96AT, 97ES, 98DE, 99UK, 100US, 101ES, 102FR, 103SE, 104ES, 105NL, 106NL, 107UK, 108CZ, 109US, 110UK, 111FR, 112FR, 113US, 114D, 115FR, 116GR, 117US, 118FR, 119UK, 120IT, 121DE, 122IT, 123UK, 124CA, 125IT, 126UK, 127DE, 128IT, 129ES, 130IT, 131UK, 132IT, 133NL, 134DE, 135IT, 136IT, 137IT, 138US, 139ES, 140IT, 141ES, 142IT, 143FR, 144BE, 145FI, 146IT, 147US, 148JP, 149UK, 150UK, 151DE, 152DE, 153US, 154UK, 155GR, 156IT, 157US, 158FR, 159IT, 160IT, 161UK, 162NL, 163FR, 164UK, 165DE, 166FR, 167UK, 168FR, 169DE, 170US, 171US, 172NL, 173DE, 174IT, 175US, 176DE, 177BE, 178IT, 179UK, 180UK, 181DE, 182FR, 183US, 184IT, 185FR, 186CA, 187IT, 188DE, 189IT, 190PL, 191UK, 192IT, 193DE, 194IT, 195DE, 196ES, 197CH, 198NL, 199D, 200IT, 201IT, 202FR, 203UK, 204IE, 205DE, 206US, 207US, 208IT, 209UK, 210US, 211DE, 212US, 213JP, 214FR, 215IT, 216US, 217IT, 218JP, 219US, 220NL, 221US, 222IT, 223UK, 224IT, 225NL, 226IT, 227FR, 228US, 229FR, 230UK, 231DE, 232NL, 233UK, 234UK, 235IT, 236NL, 237UK, 238GR, 239DE, 240US

This White Paper, submitted to the recent ESA call for science themes to define its future large missions, advocates the need for a transformational leap in our understanding of two key questions in astrophysics: 1) How does ordinary matter assemble into the large scale structures that we see today? 2) How do black holes grow and shape the Universe? Hot gas in clusters, groups and the intergalactic medium dominates the baryonic content of the local Universe. To understand the astrophysical processes responsible for the formation and assembly of these large structures, it is necessary to measure their physical properties and evolution. This requires spatially resolved X-ray spectroscopy with a factor 10 increase in both telescope throughput and spatial resolving power compared to currently planned facilities. Read More

2012Oct
Authors: Tadayuki Takahashi, Kazuhisa Mitsuda, Richard Kelley, Henri AartsFelix Aharonian, Hiroki Akamatsu, Fumie Akimoto, Steve Allen, Naohisa Anabuki, Lorella Angelini, Keith Arnaud, Makoto Asai, Marc Audard, Hisamitsu Awaki, Philipp Azzarello, Chris Baluta, Aya Bamba, Nobutaka Bando, Mark Bautz, Roger Blandford, Kevin Boyce, Greg Brown, Ed Cackett, Maria Chernyakova, Paolo Coppi, Elisa Costantini, Jelle de Plaa, Jan-Willem den Herder, Michael DiPirro, Chris Done, Tadayasu Dotani, John Doty, Ken Ebisawa, Megan Eckart, Teruaki Enoto, Yuichiro Ezoe, Andrew Fabian, Carlo Ferrigno, Adam Foster, Ryuichi Fujimoto, Yasushi Fukazawa, Stefan Funk, Akihiro Furuzawa, Massimiliano Galeazzi, Luigi Gallo, Poshak Gandhi, Keith Gendreau, Kirk Gilmore, Daniel Haas, Yoshito Haba, Kenji Hamaguchi, Isamu Hatsukade, Takayuki Hayashi, Kiyoshi Hayashida, Junko Hiraga, Kazuyuki Hirose, Ann Hornschemeier, Akio Hoshino, John Hughes, Una Hwang, Ryo Iizuka, Yoshiyuki Inoue, Kazunori Ishibashi, Manabu Ishida, Kosei Ishimura, Yoshitaka Ishisaki, Masayuki Ito, Naoko Iwata, Naoko Iyomoto, Jelle Kaastra, Timothy Kallman, Tuneyoshi Kamae, Jun Kataoka, Satoru Katsuda, Hajime Kawahara, Madoka Kawaharada, Nobuyuki Kawai, Shigeo Kawasaki, Dmitry Khangaluyan, Caroline Kilbourne, Masashi Kimura, Kenzo Kinugasa, Shunji Kitamoto, Tetsu Kitayama, Takayoshi Kohmura, Motohide Kokubun, Tatsuro Kosaka, Alex Koujelev, Katsuji Koyama, Hans Krimm, Aya Kubota, Hideyo Kunieda, Stephanie LaMassa, Philippe Laurent, Francois Lebrun, Maurice Leutenegger, Olivier Limousin, Michael Loewenstein, Knox Long, David Lumb, Grzegorz Madejski, Yoshitomo Maeda, Kazuo Makishima, Genevieve Marchand, Maxim Markevitch, Hironori Matsumoto, Kyoko Matsushita, Dan McCammon, Brian McNamara, Jon Miller, Eric Miller, Shin Mineshige, Kenji Minesugi, Ikuyuki Mitsuishi, Takuya Miyazawa, Tsunefumi Mizuno, Hideyuki Mori, Koji Mori, Koji Mukai, Toshio Murakami, Hiroshi Murakami, Richard Mushotzky, Housei Nagano, Ryo Nagino, Takao Nakagawa, Hiroshi Nakajima, Takeshi Nakamori, Kazuhiro Nakazawa, Yoshiharu Namba, Chikara Natsukari, Yusuke Nishioka, Masayoshi Nobukawa, Masaharu Nomachi, Steve O' Dell, Hirokazu Odaka, Hiroyuki Ogawa, Mina Ogawa, Keiji Ogi, Takaya Ohashi, Masanori Ohno, Masayuki Ohta, Takashi Okajima, Atsushi Okamoto, Tsuyoshi Okazaki, Naomi Ota, Masanobu Ozaki, Frits Paerels, Stephane Paltani, Arvind Parmar, Robert Petre, Martin Pohl, F. Scott Porter, Brian Ramsey, Rubens Reis, Christopher Reynolds, Helen Russell, Samar Safi-Harb, Shin-ichiro Sakai, Hiroaki Sameshima, Jeremy Sanders, Goro Sato, Rie Sato, Yoichi Sato, Kosuke Sato, Makoto Sawada, Peter Serlemitsos, Hiromi Seta, Yasuko Shibano, Maki Shida, Takanobu Shimada, Keisuke Shinozaki, Peter Shirron, Aurora Simionescu, Cynthia Simmons, Randall Smith, Gary Sneiderman, Yang Soong, Lukasz Stawarz, Yasuharu Sugawara, Hiroyuki Sugita, Satoshi Sugita, Andrew Szymkowiak, Hiroyasu Tajima, Hiromitsu Takahashi, Shin-ichiro Takeda, Yoh Takei, Toru Tamagawa, Takayuki Tamura, Keisuke Tamura, Takaaki Tanaka, Yasuo Tanaka, Makoto Tashiro, Yuzuru Tawara, Yukikatsu Terada, Yuichi Terashima, Francesco Tombesi, Hiroshi Tomida, Yoko Tsuboi, Masahiro Tsujimoto, Hiroshi Tsunemi, Takeshi Tsuru, Hiroyuki Uchida, Yasunobu Uchiyama, Hideki Uchiyama, Yoshihiro Ueda, Shiro Ueno, Shinichiro Uno, Meg Urry, Eugenio Ursino, Cor de Vries, Atsushi Wada, Shin Watanabe, Norbert Werner, Nicholas White, Takahiro Yamada, Shinya Yamada, Hiroya Yamaguchi, Noriko Yamasaki, Shigeo Yamauchi, Makoto Yamauchi, Yoichi Yatsu, Daisuke Yonetoku, Atsumasa Yoshida, Takayuki Yuasa

The joint JAXA/NASA ASTRO-H mission is the sixth in a series of highly successful X-ray missions initiated by the Institute of Space and Astronautical Science (ISAS). ASTRO-H will investigate the physics of the high-energy universe via a suite of four instruments, covering a very wide energy range, from 0.3 keV to 600 keV. Read More

Observations with the Plateau de Bure Interferometer in the most extended configuration toward two intermediate-mass star-forming regions, IRAS22198+6336 and AFGL5142, reveal the presence of several complex organic molecules at ~500 AU scales, confirming the presence of hot cores in both regions. The hot cores are not rich in CN-bearing molecules, as often seen in massive hot cores, and are mainly traced by CH3CH2OH, (CH2OH)2, CH3COCH3, and CH3OH, with additionally CH3CHO, CH3OD and HCOOD for IRAS22198+6336, and C6H, and O13CS for AFGL5142. The emission of complex molecules is resolved down to sizes of ~300 and ~600 AU, for IRAS22198+6336 and AFGL5142, respectively, and most likely is tracing protostellar disks rather than flattened envelopes or toroids as usually found. Read More

High-energy irradiation of the circumstellar material might impact the structure and the composition of a protoplanetary disk and hence the process of planet formation. In this paper, we present a study on the possible influence of the stellar irradiation, indicated by X-ray emission, on the crystalline structure of the circumstellar dust. The dust crystallinity is measured for 42 class II T Tauri stars in the Taurus star-forming region using a decomposition fit of the 10 micron silicate feature, measured with the Spitzer IRS instrument. Read More

2009Apr
Affiliations: 1all MIT, 2all MIT, 3all MIT, 4all MIT, 5all MIT, 6all MIT, 7all MIT, 8all MIT, 9all MIT, 10all MIT, 11all MIT, 12all MIT, 13Grenoble, 14CfA, 15WCU, 16RIT, 17GSFC, 18GSFC, 19Harvard, 20Michigan, 21Grenoble, 22GSFC, 23StSci, 24Columbia, 25ESA, 26Munich, 27CfA, 28Palermo, 29CfA, 30CfA, 31Vanderbilt

Low-mass pre-main sequence (PMS) stars are strong and variable X-ray emitters, as has been well established by EINSTEIN and ROSAT observatories. It was originally believed that this emission was of thermal nature and primarily originated from coronal activity (magnetically confined loops, in analogy with Solar activity) on contracting young stars. Broadband spectral analysis showed that the emission was not isothermal and that elemental abundances were non-Solar. Read More

We investigate the environment of the very low-luminosity object L1521F IRS using data from the Taurus Spitzer Legacy Survey. The MIPS 160 micron image shows both extended emission from the Taurus cloud as well as emission from multiple cold cores over a 1 X 2 deg region. Analysis shows that the cloud dust temperature is 14. Read More

We present first results of XMM-Newton X-ray observations of the infrared cluster lying near the NGC 2071 reflection nebula in the Orion B region. This cluster is of interest because it is one of the closest regions known to harbor embedded high-mass stars. We report the discovery of hard X-ray emission from the dense central NGC 2071-IR subgroup which contains at least three high-mass young stellar objects (NGC 2071 IRS-1, IRS-2, and IRS-3). Read More

2006Nov
Affiliations: 1University of Geneva, 2Paul Scherrer Institut, 3Laboratoire d'Astrophysique de Grenoble, 4Paul Scherrer Institut, 5University of Palermo, 6Laboratoire d'Astrophysique de Grenoble, 7Paul Scherrer Institut
Category: Astrophysics

The Optical Monitor (OM) on-board XMM-Newton obtained optical/ultraviolet data for the XMM-Newton Extended Survey of the Taurus Molecular Cloud (XEST), simultaneously with the X-ray detectors. With the XEST OM data, we aim to study the optical and ultraviolet properties of TMC members, and to do correlative studies between the X-ray and OM light curves. In particular, we aim to determine whether accretion plays a significant role in the optical/ultraviolet and X-ray emissions. Read More

Traditional binned statistics such as $\chi^2$ suffer from information loss and arbitrariness of the binning procedure. We point out that the underlying statistical quantity (the log likelihood $L$) does not require any binning beyond the one implied by instrumental readout channels, and we propose to use it for low-count data. The performance of $L$ in the model classification and point estimation problems is explored by Monte-Carlo simulations of Chandra and XMM X-ray spectra, and is compared to the performances of the binned Poisson statistic ($C$), Pearson's $\chi^2$ and Neyman's $\chi^2_N$, the Kolmogorov- Smirnov, and Kuiper' statistics. Read More

We aim to characterize the U-band variability of young brown dwarfs in the Taurus Molecular Cloud and discuss its origin. We used the XMM-Newton Extended Survey of the Taurus Molecular Cloud, where a sample of 11 young bona fide brown dwarfs (spectral type later than M6) were observed simultaneously in X-rays with XMM-Newton and in the U-band with the XMM-Newton Optical/UV Monitor (OM). We obtained upper limits to the U-band emission of 10 brown dwarfs (U>19. Read More

We present a non-LTE model atmosphere analysis of Chandra HRC-S/LETG and XMM-Newton RGS spectroscopy of the prototypical supersoft source CAL 83 in the Large Magellanic Cloud. Taken with a 16-month interval, the Chandra and XMM-Newton spectra are very similar. They reveal a very rich absorption line spectrum from the hot white dwarf photosphere, but no spectral signatures of a wind. Read More

Observations of magnetically active stars with Chandra and XMM-Newton have deepened our knowledge of the physics of the atmospheres in late-type stars. In this review paper, I discuss two topics that have profited significantly from Chandra and XMM-Newton. Of particular interest, studies of the elemental composition of stellar coronae have taken advantage of the high spectral resolution available with the grating instruments on board these satellites. Read More

2004Sep
Affiliations: 1Columbia Astrophysics Laboratory, 2Columbia Astrophysics Laboratory, 3Paul Scherrer Institut
Category: Astrophysics

XMM-Newton and the VLA simultaneously observed the eclipsing Algol-type binary RZ Cassiopeiae in August 2003. The secondary eclipse (K3 IV companion behind the A3 V primary) was placed at the center of the 15-hour radio campaign, while the X-ray satellite monitored a full 1.2-day orbital period. Read More

2004Sep
Affiliations: 1Columbia University, 2CASA/Univ. of Colorado, 3Max-Planck Institut fuer Radioastronomie, 4Paul Scherrer Institut, 5Osservatorio Astronomico di Palermo
Category: Astrophysics

Weak-lined T Tauri stars (WTTS) represent the important stage of stellar evolution between the accretion phase and the zero-age main sequence. At this stage, the star decouples from its accretion disk, and spins up to a higher rotation rate than in the preceding classical T Tauri phase. Consequently, dynamo processes can be expected to become even stronger at this stage. Read More

2004Aug
Affiliations: 1Columbia University, 2Paul Scherrer Institut, 3Paul Scherrer Institut, 4CASA/University of Colorado, 5Osservatorio Astronomico di Palermo, 6MSSL
Category: Astrophysics

(Abridged abstract) We present an analysis of the X-ray emission of the rapidly rotating giant star YY Mensae observed by Chandra HETGS and XMM-Newton. Although no obvious flare was detected, the X-ray luminosity changed by a factor of two between the XMM-Newton and Chandra observations taken 4 months apart. The coronal abundances and the emission measure distribution have been derived from three different methods using optically thin collisional ionization equilibrium models. Read More

We present high-resolution X-ray observations of the chemically peculiar late-type B-star: mu Lep. However, we find spectroscopic and astrometric evidence, which show that the X-rays are not traced back to the B-star itself, but rather to a previously unresolved companion: mu Lep-B, whose X-ray spectrum resembles that of a coronally active source. We discuss the possibility that mu Lep-B is a pre-main-sequence companion, most likely of the non-accreting magnetically-active type. Read More

2003Mar
Affiliations: 1Columbia University, 2Paul Scherrer Institut, 3Center for Astrophysics and Space Astronomy, University of Colorado
Category: Astrophysics

We present the first spatially separated X-ray observation of the active UV Ceti binary with \textit{Chandra}, providing important new information on the relative X-ray activity levels of its nearly identical dM5.5e components. The two components had similar X-ray luminosities during low-level periods and emission measure loci derived from Low Energy Transmission Grating spectra reveal similar coronal temperatures ($3 - 6$ MK). Read More

2002Oct

Using the XMM-Newton X-ray observatory to monitor the nearest star to the Sun, Proxima Centauri, we recorded the weakest X-ray flares on a magnetically active star ever observed. Correlated X-ray and optical variability provide strong support for coronal energy and mass supply by a nearly continuous sequence of rapid explosive energy releases. Variable emission line fluxes were observed in the He-like triplets of OVII and NeIX during a giant flare. Read More

(Abridged) We investigate the EUV and X-ray flare rate distribution in radiated energy of the late-type active star AD Leo using long EUVE and BeppoSAX observations. We compare the observed light curves with light curves synthesized from model flares that are distributed in energy according to a power law with selectable index alpha (dN/dE ~ E^{-alpha}). Two methods are applied, the first comparing flux distributions of the binned data, and the second using the distributions of photon arrival time differences in the unbinned data. Read More

We investigate the contribution of very weak flares to the coronal luminosity of low-mass active stars. We analyze EUVE/DS events data from FK Aqr, V1054 Oph, and AD Leo and conclude that in all these cases the coronal emission is dominated by flares to such an extent that in some cases the entire emission may be ascribed to flare heating. We have developed a new method to directly model for the first time stochastically produced flare emission, including undetectable flares, and their effects on the observed photon arrival times. Read More

2002Jan
Affiliations: 1Paul Scherrer Institut, 2Paul Scherrer Institut
Category: Astrophysics

The XMM-Newton Reflection Grating Spectrometer Team has obtained observations ofa large number of coronal sources of various activity levels, ages, and spectraltypes. In particular, X-ray bright RS CVn binary systems display saturated coronal emission with spectral lines characteristic of hot (10-30 MK) plasma. Furthermore, we have obtained XMM-Newton data from young solar analogs both within and outside the X-ray saturation regime. Read More

2000Nov
Affiliations: 1Columbia University, New York, USA, 2Columbia University, New York, USA, 3University of Leicester, Leicester, U.K, 4Max-Planck-Institute, Garching, Germany, 5Paul Scherrer Institute, Villigen, Switzerland, 6Max-Planck-Institute, Garching, Germany, 7Space Research Organization of the Netherlands, Utrecht, The Netherlands
Category: Astrophysics

The observation of the supernova remnant N132D by the scientific instruments on board the XMM-Newton satellite is presented. The X-rays from N132D are dispersed into a detailed line-rich spectrum using the Reflection Grating Spectrometers. Spectral lines of C, N, O, Ne, Mg, Si, S, and Fe are identified. Read More

2000May

\textit{Extreme Ultraviolet Explorer} Deep Survey observations of cool stars (spectral type F to M) have been used to investigate the distribution of coronal flare rates in energy and its relation to activity indicators and rotation parameters. Cumulative and differential flare rate distributions were constructed and fitted with different methods. Power laws are found to approximately describe the distributions. Read More