Makoto Uemura - Hiroshima U

Makoto Uemura
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Makoto Uemura
Hiroshima U

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High Energy Astrophysical Phenomena (25)
Solar and Stellar Astrophysics (15)
Astrophysics (7)
Instrumentation and Methods for Astrophysics (6)
Astrophysics of Galaxies (5)
Cosmology and Nongalactic Astrophysics (3)
Earth and Planetary Astrophysics (1)
Computer Science - Learning (1)
Statistics - Machine Learning (1)

Publications Authored By Makoto Uemura

V404 Cygni is a well-known black hole binary candidate thought to have relativistic jets. It showed extreme outbursts on June 2015, characterized by a large amplitude and short time variation of flux in the radio, optical, and X-ray bands. Not only disk emission, but also synchrotron radiation from the relativistic jets were suggested by radio observations. Read More

Cross-validation (CV) is a technique for evaluating the ability of statistical models/learning systems based on a given data set. Despite its wide applicability, the rather heavy computational cost can prevent its use as the system size grows. To resolve this difficulty in the case of Bayesian linear regression, we develop a formula for evaluating the leave-one-out CV error approximately without actually performing CV. Read More

Blazars are highly variable active galactic nuclei which emit radiation at all wavelengths from radio to gamma-rays. Polarized radiation from blazars is one key piece of evidence for synchrotron radiation at low energies and it also varies dramatically. The polarization of blazars is of interest for understanding the origin, confinement, and propagation of jets. Read More

How black holes accrete surrounding matter is a fundamental, yet unsolved question in astrophysics. It is generally believed that matter is absorbed into black holes via accretion disks, the state of which depends primarily on the mass-accretion rate. When this rate approaches the critical rate (the Eddington limit), thermal instability is supposed to occur in the inner disc, causing repetitive patterns of large-amplitude X-ray variability (oscillations) on timescales of minutes to hours. Read More

We present our optical follow-up observations to search for an electromagnetic counterpart of the first gravitational wave source GW150914 in the framework of the Japanese collaboration for Gravitational wave ElectroMagnetic follow-up (J-GEM), which is an observing group utilizing optical and radio telescopes in Japan, as well as those in New Zealand, China, South Africa, Chile, and Hawaii. We carried out a wide-field imaging survey with Kiso Wide Field Camera (KWFC) on the 1.05-m Kiso Schmidt telescope in Japan and a galaxy-targeted survey with Tripole5 on the B&C 61-cm telescope in New Zealand. Read More

We present extensively dense observations of the super-Chandrasekhar supernova (SC SN) candidate SN 2012dn from $-11$ to $+140$ days after the date of its $B$-band maximum in the optical and near-infrared (NIR) wavelengths conducted through the OISTER ToO program. The NIR light curves and color evolutions up to 35 days after the $B$-band maximum provided an excellent match with those of another SC SN 2009dc, providing a further support to the nature of SN 2012dn as a SC SN. We found that SN 2012dn exhibited strong excesses in the NIR wavelengths from $30$ days after the $B$-band maximum. Read More

The origin of short timescale (weeks/months) variability of AGN, whether due to intrinsic disc variations or reprocessing of X-ray emission by a surrounding accretion disc, has been a puzzle for many years. However recently a number of observational programmes, particularly of NGC5548 with Swift, have shown that the UV/optical variations lag behind the X-ray variations in a manner strongly supportive of X-ray reprocessing. Somewhat surprisingly the implied size of the accretion disc is ~3x greater than expected from a standard, smooth, Shakura-Sunyaev thin disc model. Read More

We present infrared multi-epoch observations of the dust forming nova V1280 Sco over $\sim$2000 days from the outburst. The temporal evolution of the infrared spectral energy distributions at 1272, 1616 and 1947 days can be explained by the emissions produced by amorphous carbon dust of mass (6.6--8. Read More

Affiliations: 1SSL/UCB, 2ESO and Harvard, 3Oxford, 4Curtin University, 5Caltech, 6Nagoya University, 7Hiroshima University, 8AIM and Observatoire de Paris, 9IRAP, 10University of Durham, 11University of Southampton, 12Caltech, 13Taiwan Normal University, 14University of Iowa, 15Sabanci University, 16Hiroshima University, 17ESAC, 18University of Michigan, 19Nagoya University and University of Tokyo, 20JPL, 21Nagoya University, 22National Central Univeristy

(abridged) We report on multi-wavelength measurements of Swift J1753.5-0127 in the hard state at L=2.7e36 erg/s (assuming d=3 kpc) in 2014. Read More

We discuss what is an appropriate set of explanatory variables in order to predict the absolute magnitude at the maximum of Type Ia supernovae. In order to have a good prediction, the error for future data, which is called the "generalization error," should be small. We use cross-validation in order to control the generalization error and LASSO-type estimator in order to choose the set of variables. Read More

Broadband spectrum of AGN consists of multiple components such as jet emission and accretion disk emission. Temporal correlation study is useful to understand emission components and their physical origins. We have performed optical monitoring using Kanata telescope for 4 radio galaxies and 6 radio-loud Narrow-Line Seyfert 1 (RL-NLSy1): 2 gamma-ray-loud RL-NLSy1s, 1H 0323+342 and PMN J0948+0022, and 4 gamma-ray-quiet RL-NLSy1s. Read More

We report on long-term multi-wavelength monitoring of blazar Mrk~421 from 2010 to 2011. The source exhibited extreme X-ray flares in 2010. Our research group performed optical photopolarimetric follow-up observations using the Kanata telescope. Read More

Blazars are thought to possess a relativistic jet that is pointing toward the direction of the Earth and the elect of relativistic beaming enhances its apparent brightness. They radiate in all wavebands from the radio to the gamma-ray bands via the synchrotron and the inverse Compton scattering process. Numerous observations are performed but the mechanism of variability, creation and composition of jets are still controversial. Read More

We have developed a new model of the Doppler tomography using total variation minimization (DTTVM). This method can reconstruct localized and non-axisymmetric profiles having sharp edges in the Doppler map. This characteristic is emphasized in the case that the number of the input data is small. Read More

We performed optical simultaneous dual-band (SDSS $g'$- and $i'$- band) photometry and low-resolution spectroscopy for the WZ Sge-type dwarf nova EZ Lyn during its 2010 superoutburst. Dual-band photometry revealed that the $g'-i'$ color reddened with a decrease in brightness, during the main superoutburst and the following rebrightening phase, whereas the color became bluer with a further decrease in brightness during the slow, final decline phase. With a fit to our photometric results by a blackbody function, we estimated the disk radius ratio (ratio of the disk radius to the binary separation) and compared this with that of V455 And, a WZ Sge-type object that did not show any rebrightening in the 2007 superoutburst. Read More

We propose a new technique to obtain super-resolution images with radio interferometer using sparse modeling. In standard radio interferometry, sampling of ($u$, $v$) is quite often incomplete and thus obtaining an image from observed visibilities becomes an underdetermined problem, and a technique so-called "zero-padding" is often used to fill up unsampled grids in ($u$, $v$) plane, resulting in image degradation by finite beam size as well as numerous side-lobes. In this paper we show that directly solving such an underdetermined problem based on sparse modeling (in this paper LASSO) avoids the above problems introduced by zero-padding, leading to super-resolution images in which structure finer than the standard beam size (diffraction limit) can be reproduced. Read More

We study the image reconstruction problem of a Compton camera which consists of semiconductor detectors. The image reconstruction is formulated as a statistical estimation problem. We employ a bin-mode estimation (BME) and extend an existing framework to a Compton camera with multiple scatterers and absorbers. Read More

We present the results of photometric (V band) and polarimetric observations of the blazar BL Lac during 2008--2010 using TRISPEC attached to the KANATA 1.5-m telescope in Japan. The data reveal a great deal of variability ranging from days to months with detection of strong variations in fractional polarization. Read More

We report on optical photopolarimetric results of the radio-loud narrow line Seyfert 1 (RL-NLSy1) galaxy PMN J0948+0022 on 2012 December to 2013 February triggered by flux enhancements in near infrared and gamma-ray bands. Thanks to one-shot polarimetry of the HOWPol installed to the Kanata telescope, we have detected very rapid variability in the polarized-flux light curve on MJD 56281 (2012 December 20). The rise and decay times were about 140 sec and 180 sec, respectively. Read More

We present our photometric studies of the newly discovered optical transient, OT J012059.6+325545, which underwent a large outburst between 2010 November and 2011 January. The amplitude of the outburst was about 8 mag. Read More

3C 66A is an intermediate-frequency-peaked BL Lac object detected by the Large Area Telescope onboard the Fermi Gamma-ray Space Telescope. We present a study of the long-term variations of this blazar seen over 2 years at GeV energies with Fermi and in the optical (flux and polarization) and near infrared with the Kanata telescope. In 2008, the first year of the study, we find a correlation between the gamma-ray flux and the measurements taken with the Kanata telescope. Read More

We introduced least absolute shrinkage and selection operator (lasso) in obtaining periodic signals in unevenly spaced time-series data. A very simple formulation with a combination of a large set of sine and cosine functions has been shown to yield a very robust estimate, and the peaks in the resultant power spectra were very sharp. We studied the response of lasso to low signal-to-noise data, asymmetric signals and very closely separated multiple signals. Read More

In December 2009, the bright blazar, 3C 454.3 exhibited a strong outburst in the optical, X-ray and gamma-ray regions. We performed photometric and polarimetric monitoring of this outburst in the optical and near-infrared bands with TRISPEC and HOWPol attached to the Kanata telescope. Read More


We have developed a method for estimating the orbital periods of dwarf novae from the Sloan Digital Sky Survey (SDSS) colors in quiescence using an artificial neural network. For typical objects below the period gap with sufficient photometric accuracy, we were able to estimate the orbital periods with an accuracy to a 1 sigma error of 22 %. The error of estimation is worse for systems with longer orbital periods. Read More

We report on the correlation between the flux, color and polarization variations on time scales of days--months in blazars, and discuss their universal aspects. We performed monitoring of 42 blazars in the optical and near-infrared bands from 2008 to 2010 using TRISPEC attached to the "Kanata" 1.5-m telescope. Read More

We report on multi-band photometric and polarimetric observations of the blazars AO 0235+164 and PKS 1510-089. These two blazars were active in 2008 and 2009, respectively. In these active states, prominent short flares were observed in both objects, having amplitudes of >1 mag within 10 d. Read More

Affiliations: 1Department of Physical Science, Hiroshima University, 2Hiroshima Astrophysical Science Center, Hiroshima University, 3Hiroshima Astrophysical Science Center, Hiroshima University, 4Fujii Kurosaki Observatory, 5Department of Biosphere-Geosphere System Science, Faculty of Informatics, Okayama University of Science, 6Department of Biosphere-Geosphere System Science, Faculty of Informatics, Okayama University of Science, 7Department of Physical Science, Hiroshima University, 8Koyama Astronomical Observatory, Kyoto Sangyo University, 9Department of Physical Science, Hiroshima University, 10Department of Physical Science, Hiroshima University, 11Department of Physical Science, Hiroshima University, 12Department of Biosphere-Geosphere System Science, Faculty of Informatics, Okayama University of Science, 13Department of Physical Science, Hiroshima University, 14Department of Biosphere-Geosphere System Science, Faculty of Informatics, Okayama University of Science, 15Hiroshima Astrophysical Science Center, Hiroshima University, 16Department of Physical Science, Hiroshima University, 17Department of Physical Science, Hiroshima University, 18Hiroshima Astrophysical Science Center, Hiroshima University

We present early spectroscopy of the recurrent nova U~Sco during the outburst in 2010. We successfully obtained time-series spectra at $t_{\rm d}=$0.37--0. Read More

We present optical and near-infrared (NIR) photometry of a classical nova, V2362 Cyg (= Nova Cygni 2006). V2362 Cyg experienced a peculiar rebrightening with a long duration from 100 to 240 d after the maximum of the nova. Our multicolor observation indicates an emergence of a pseudophotosphere with an effective temperature of 9000 K at the rebrightening maximum. Read More

We developed a method to separate a long-term trend from observed temporal variations of polarization in blazars using a Bayesian approach. The temporal variation of the polarization vector is apparently erratic in most blazars, while several objects occasionally exhibited systematic variations, for example, an increase of the polarization degree associated with a flare of the total flux. We assume that the observed polarization vector is a superposition of distinct two components, a long-term trend and a short-term variation component responsible for short flares. Read More

Affiliations: 1Astronomical Institute, Tohoku University, Sendai, Japan, 2Astronomical Institute, Tohoku University, Sendai, Japan, 3Astronomical Institute, Tohoku University, Sendai, Japan, 4Astronomical Institute, Tohoku University, Sendai, Japan, 5Astrophysical Science Center, Hiroshima University, Higashi-Hiroshima, Japan, 6Astrophysical Science Center, Hiroshima University, Higashi-Hiroshima, Japan, 7Astrophysical Science Center, Hiroshima University, Higashi-Hiroshima, Japan, 8Astrophysical Science Center, Hiroshima University, Higashi-Hiroshima, Japan, 9Department of Physics, Nagoya University, Nagoya Japan, 10Department of Physics, Nagoya University, Nagoya Japan

There has not been a comprehensive framework for comparing spectral data from different planets.Such a framework is needed for the study of extrasolar planets and objects within the solar system. We have undertaken observations to compile a library of planet spectra for all planets, some moons, and some dwarf planets in the solar system to study their general spectroscopic and photometric natures. Read More

Suzaku observations of the blazar OJ 287 were performed in 2007 April 10--13 and November 7--9. They correspond to a quiescent and a flaring state, respectively. The X-ray spectra can be well described with single power-law models in both exposures. Read More

We systematically surveyed period variations of superhumps in SU UMa-type dwarf novae based on newly obtained data and past publications. In many systems, the evolution of superhump period are found to be composed of three distinct stages: early evolutionary stage with a longer superhump period, middle stage with systematically varying periods, final stage with a shorter, stable superhump period. During the middle stage, many systems with superhump periods less than 0. Read More

We investigated the superhump evolution, analysing optical photometric observations of the 2000 February-March, the 2002 October-November, and the 2006 September superoutbursts of SW UMa. The superhumps evolved in the same way after their appearance during the 2000 and the 2002 superoutbursts, and probably during the 2006 one. This indicates that the superhump evolution may be governed by the invariable binary parameters. Read More

We report detailed, long term near-infrared (NIR) light curves of GRS 1915+105 in 2007-2008, covering its long "soft state" for the first time. From our NIR monitoring and the X-ray data of the All Sky Monitor (ASM) onboard Rossi X-ray Timing Explorer (RXTE), we discovered that the NIR flux dropped by > 1 mag during short X-ray flares with a time-scale of days. With the termination of the soft state, the H-Ks color reddened and the anti-correlation pattern was broken. Read More

Affiliations: 1Department of Physical Science, Hiroshima University, 2Astrophysical Science Center, Hiroshima University, 3Department of Physical Science, Hiroshima University, 4Department of Physical Science, Hiroshima University, 5Astrophysical Science Center, Hiroshima University, 6Astrophysical Science Center, Hiroshima University, 7Astrophysical Science Center, Hiroshima University, 8Astrophysical Science Center, Hiroshima University, 9Department of Physics, Nagoya University, 10Department of Physics, Nagoya University
Category: Astrophysics

We present the result of near-infrared and optical observations of the BL Lac object S5 0716$ + $714 carried out by the KANATA telescope. S5 0716$ + $714 has both a long term high-amplitude variability and a short-term variability within a night. The shortest variability (microvariability) time-scale is important for understanding the geometry of jets and magnetic field, because it provides a possible minimum size of variation sources. Read More

We introduce the Dichroic-Mirror Camera (DMC), an instrument developed at the University of Tokyo which is capable of performing simultaneous imaging in fifteen bands. The main feature of the DMC is the dichroic mirrors, which split incoming light into red and blue components. Combination of dichroic mirrors split light from the telescope focus into fifteen intermediate-width bands across 390 -- 950 nm. Read More

We report time-resolved CCD photometry of the cataclysmic variable EG Aquarii during the 2006 November outburst During the outburst, superhumps were unambiguously detected with a mean period of 0.078828(6) days, firstly classifying the object as an SU UMa-type dwarf nova. It also turned out that the outburst contained a precursor. Read More

We report time-resolved optical CCD photometry on newly discovered SU UMa-type dwarf novae, FL TrA and CTCV J0549-4921. During the 2006 August outburst, we detected superhumps with a period of 0.59897(11) days for FL TrA, clarifying the SU UMa nature of the system. Read More

We study the ``normal'' decay phase of the X-ray afterglows of gamma-ray bursts (GRBs), which follows the shallow decay phase, using the events simultaneously observed in the R-band. The classical external shock model -- in which neither the delayed energy injection nor time-dependency of shock micro-physics is considered -- shows that the decay indices of the X-ray and R-band light curves, $\alpha_{\rm X}$ and $\alpha_{\rm O}$, obey a certain relation, and that in particular, $\alpha_{\rm O}-\alpha_{\rm X}$ should be larger than -1/4 unless the ambient density increases with the distance from the central engine. For our selected 14 samples, we have found that 4 events violate the limit at more than the 3$\sigma$ level, so that a fraction of events are outliers of the classical external shock model at the ``normal'' decay phase. Read More

Affiliations: 1Department of Physical Science, School of Science, Hiroshima University, 2Visiting Astronomer, Okayama Astrophysical Observatory, 3Department of Physical Science, School of Science, Hiroshima University, 4Visiting Astronomer, Okayama Astrophysical Observatory, 5Department of Physical Science, School of Science, Hiroshima University, 6Hiroshima Astrophysical Science Center, Hiroshima University, 7Department of Physical Science, School of Science, Hiroshima University, 8Visiting Astronomer, Okayama Astrophysical Observatory, 9Visiting Astronomer, Okayama Astrophysical Observatory, 10Visiting Astronomer, Okayama Astrophysical Observatory, 11Department of Science Education, Gunma University, 12Okayama Astrophysical Observatory, NAOJ, 13Okayama Astrophysical Observatory, NAOJ
Category: Astrophysics

We present optical linear spectropolarimetry of the microquasar LS I +61$^{\circ}$ 303. The continuum emission is mildly polarized (up to 1.3 %) and shows almost no temporal change. Read More