M. Zacher - Univ. Wuerzburg, Germany

M. Zacher
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M. Zacher
Univ. Wuerzburg, Germany

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Pub Categories

Physics - Strongly Correlated Electrons (13)
Physics - Superconductivity (6)
Physics - Instrumentation and Detectors (4)
Physics - Computational Physics (1)
Nuclear Experiment (1)
High Energy Physics - Experiment (1)

Publications Authored By M. Zacher

The Kassiopeia particle tracking framework is an object-oriented software package using modern C++ techniques, written originally to meet the needs of the KATRIN collaboration. Kassiopeia features a new algorithmic paradigm for particle tracking simulations which targets experiments containing complex geometries and electromagnetic fields, with high priority put on calculation efficiency, customizability, extensibility, and ease of use for novice programmers. To solve Kassiopeia's target physics problem the software is capable of simulating particle trajectories governed by arbitrarily complex differential equations of motion, continuous physics processes that may in part be modeled as terms perturbing that equation of motion, stochastic processes that occur in flight such as bulk scattering and decay, and stochastic surface processes occuring at interfaces, including transmission and reflection effects. Read More

Authors: M. Arenz, M. Babutzka, M. Bahr, J. P. Barrett, S. Bauer, M. Beck, A. Beglarian, J. Behrens, T. Bergmann, U. Besserer, J. Blümer, L. I. Bodine, K. Bokeloh, J. Bonn, B. Bornschein, L. Bornschein, S. Büsch, T. H. Burritt, S. Chilingaryan, T. J. Corona, L. De Viveiros, P. J. Doe, O. Dragoun, G. Drexlin, S. Dyba, S. Ebenhöch, K. Eitel, E. Ellinger, S. Enomoto, M. Erhard, D. Eversheim, M. Fedkevych, A. Felden, S. Fischer, J. A. Formaggio, F. Fränkle, D. Furse, M. Ghilea, W. Gil, F. Glück, A. Gonzalez Urena, S. Görhardt, S. Groh, S. Grohmann, R. Grössle, R. Gumbsheimer, M. Hackenjos, V. Hannen, F. Harms, N. Hauÿmann, F. Heizmann, K. Helbing, W. Herz, S. Hickford, D. Hilk, B. Hillen, T. Höhn, B. Holzapfel, M. Hötzel, M. A. Howe, A. Huber, A. Jansen, N. Kernert, L. Kippenbrock, M. Kleesiek, M. Klein, A. Kopmann, A. Kosmider, A. Kovalík, B. Krasch, M. Kraus, H. Krause, M. Krause, L. Kuckert, B. Kuffner, L. La Cascio, O. Lebeda, B. Leiber, J. Letnev, V. M. Lobashev, A. Lokhov, E. Malcherek, M. Mark, E. L. Martin, S. Mertens, S. Mirz, B. Monreal, K. Müller, M. Neuberger, H. Neumann, S. Niemes, M. Noe, N. S. Oblath, A. Off, H. -W. Ortjohann, A. Osipowicz, E. Otten, D. S. Parno, P. Plischke, A. W. P. Poon, M. Prall, F. Priester, P. C. -O. Ranitzsch, J. Reich, O. Rest, R. G. H. Robertson, M. Röllig, S. Rosendahl, S. Rupp, M. Rysavy, K. Schlösser, M. Schlösser, K. Schönung, M. Schrank, J. Schwarz, W. Seiler, H. Seitz-Moskaliuk, J. Sentkerestiova, A. Skasyrskaya, M. Slezak, A. Spalek, M. Steidl, N. Steinbrink, M. Sturm, M. Suesser, H. H. Telle, T. Thümmler, N. Titov, I. Tkachev, N. Trost, A. Unru, K. Valerius, D. Venos, R. Vianden, S. Vöcking, B. L. Wall, N. Wandkowsky, M. Weber, C. Weinheimer, C. Weiss, S. Welte, J. Wendel, K. L. Wierman, J. F. Wilkerson, D. Winzen, J. Wolf, S. Wüstling, M. Zacher, S. Zadoroghny, M. Zboril

The KATRIN experiment will probe the neutrino mass by measuring the beta-electron energy spectrum near the endpoint of tritium beta-decay. An integral energy analysis will be performed by an electro-static spectrometer (Main Spectrometer), an ultra-high vacuum vessel with a length of 23.2 m, a volume of 1240 m^3, and a complex inner electrode system with about 120000 individual parts. Read More

Affiliations: 1Univ. Wuerzburg, Germany, 2Univ. Wuerzburg, Germany, 3Univ. Wuerzburg, Germany, 4Univ. Wuerzburg, Germany

We propose a phenomenological model, comprising a microscopic \sof model plus the on-site Hubbard interaction $U$ (``projected \sof model'') to understand the interrelation between the d-wave-gap modulation observed by recent angle-resolved photoemission experiments in the insulating antiferromagnet Ca$_2$CuO$_2$Cl$_2$ and the d-wave gap of high-Tc superconducting materials. The on-site interaction $U$ is important in order to produce a Mott gap of the correct order of magnitude, which would be absent in an exact \sof theory. The projected \sof-model explains the gap characteristics, namely both the symmetry and the different order of magnitude of the gap modulations between the \af and the \sc phases. Read More


By comparing single-particle spectral functions of t-J and Hubbard models with recent angle-resolved photoemission (ARPES) results for LSCO and Nd-LSCO, we can decide where holes go as a function of doping, and more specifically, which type of stripe (bond-, site-centered) is present in these materials at a given doping. For dopings greater than about 12% our calculation shows furthermore that the holes prefer to proliferate out of the metallic stripes into the neighboring antiferromagnetic domains. The spectra were calculated by a cluster perturbation technique, for which we present an alternative formulation. Read More

Recent photoemission (ARPES) experiments on cuprate superconductors provide important guidelines for a theory of electronic excitations in the stripe phase. Using a cluster perturbation theory, where short-distance effects are accounted for by exact cluster diagonalization and long-distance effects by perturbation (in the hopping), we calculate the single-particle Green's function for a striped t-J model. The data obtained quantitatively reproduce salient (ARPES-) features and may serve to rule out "bond-centered" in favor of "site-centered" stripes. Read More

Recent angle resolved photoemission data, which found evidence for a d-wave-like modulation of the antiferromagnetic gap, suggest an intimate interrelation between the antiferromagnetic insulator and the superconductor with its d-wave gap. It is shown here that a projected SO(5) theory, which explicitly takes the Mott-Hubbard gap into account, correctly describes the observed gap characteristics. Specifically, it accounts for the order of magnitude difference between the antiferromagnetic gap modulation and the superconducting gap and is also consistent with the gap dispersion. Read More

We reanalyze the Hubbard-I approximation by showing that it is equivalent to an effective Hamiltonian describing Fermionic charge fluctuations, which can be solved by Bogoliubov transformation. As the most important correction in the limit of large U and weak spin correlations we augment this Hamiltonian by further effective particles, which describe composite objects of a Fermionic charge fluctuation and a spin-, density- or eta- excitation. The scheme is valid for positive and negative U. Read More

Recent angle resolved photoemission (ARPES) data, which found evidence for a d-wave-like modulation of the antiferromagnetic gap, suggest an intimate interrelation between the antiferromagnetic insulator and the superconductor with its d-wave gap. This poses a new challenge to microscopic descriptions, which should account for this correlation between, at first sight, very different states of matter. Here, we propose a microscopic mechanism which provides a definite correlation between these two different gap structures: it is shown that a projected SO(5) theory, which aims at unifying antiferromagnetism and d-wave superconductivity via a common symmetry principle while explicitly taking the Mott-Hubbard gap into account, correctly describes the observed gap characteristics. Read More

We study the electronic structure of the doped paramagnetic insulator by finite temperature Quantum Monte-Carlo simulations for the 2D Hubbard model. Throughout we use the moderately high temperature T=0.33t, where the spin correlation length has dropped to < 1. Read More

We study the transition from paramagnetic metal to paramagnetic insulator by finite temperature Quantum Monte-Carlo simulations for the 2D Hubbard model at half-filling. Working at the moderately high temperature T=0.33*t where the spin correlation length has dropped to 1. Read More

Using quantum Monte Carlo (QMC) simulations combined with Maximum Entropy analytic continuation as well as analytical methods, we examine the one- and two-particle dynamical properties of the Hubbard model on two coupled chains at small doping. The behavior of the single-particle spectral weight $A({\bf k},\omega)$ as a function of hopping anisotropy $t_\perp/t$ at intermediate interaction strength is dominated by the transition from one-band behavior at large $t_\perp/t$ to two-band behavior at small $t_\perp/t$, although interaction effects such as band-narrowing, a shift of spectral weight to higher energies in the unoccupied antibonding band and reflected structures due to short-range antiferromagnetic correlations are also present. A single-particle gap is resolved in the intermediate $t_\perp/t$ Luther-Emery phase using Density Matrix Renormalization Group calculations. Read More

Numerical and analytical results are reviewed, which support SO(5) symmetry as a concept unifying superconductivity and antiferromagnetism in the high-temperature superconductors. Exact cluster diagonalizations verify that the low-energy states of the two-dimensional t-J and Hubbard models, widely used microscopic models for the high-Tc cuprates, form SO(5) symmetry multiplets. Apart from a small standard deviation ~J/10, these multiplets become degenerate at a critical chemical potential (transition into doped system). Read More

We discuss properties of an exactly SO(5) symmetric ladder model. In the strong coupling limit we demonstrate how the SO(3)-symmetric description of spin ladders in terms of bond Bosons can be upgraded to an SO(5)-symmetric bond-Boson model, which provides a particularly simple example for the concept of SO(5) symmetry. Based on this representation we show that antiferro- magnetism on one hand and superconductivity on the other hand can be understood as condensation of either magnetic or charged Bosons into an RVB vacuum. Read More

The problem of spin-charge separation is analyzed numerically in the metallic phase of the one-band Hubbard model in one dimension by studying the behavior of the single-particle Green's function and of the spin and charge susceptibilities. We first analyze the Quantum-Monte Carlo data for the imaginary-time Green's function within the Maximum Entropy method in order to obtain the spectral function at real frequencies. For some values of the momentum sufficiently away from the Fermi surface two separate peaks are found, which can be identified as charge and spin excitations. Read More

The two-leg Hubbard ladder is characterized by the ratio of the inter- to intra-leg hopping t_perp/t, the relative interaction strength U/t and the electron filling. Here, using density matrix renormalization group and Monte Carlo simulations, we examine the dependence of the pairing correlations on these parameters. We find that the pairing correlations are enhanced when the top of the bonding quasiparticle band and the bottom of the antibonding band are near the Fermi level. Read More

Interchain hopping in systems of coupled chains of correlated electrons is investigated by exact diagonalizations and Quantum-Monte-Carlo methods. For two weakly coupled Hubbard chains at commensurate densities (e.g. Read More