M. Vanderhaeghen - JGU Mainz

M. Vanderhaeghen
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Name
M. Vanderhaeghen
Affiliation
JGU Mainz
City
Mainz
Country
Germany

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High Energy Physics - Phenomenology (47)
 
Nuclear Theory (25)
 
Nuclear Experiment (13)
 
High Energy Physics - Experiment (9)
 
High Energy Physics - Lattice (5)
 
Physics - Atomic Physics (1)
 
High Energy Physics - Theory (1)
 
Physics - Optics (1)

Publications Authored By M. Vanderhaeghen

We apply three forward light-by-light scattering sum rules to charmonium states. We show that these sum rules imply a cancellation between charmonium bound state contributions, which are mostly known from the $\gamma \gamma$ decay widths of these states, and continuum contributions above $D \bar D$ threshold, for which we provide a duality estimate. We also show that two of these sum rules allow to predict the yet unmeasured $\gamma^\ast \gamma$ coupling of the $\chi_{c1}(1P)$ state, which can be tested at present high-luminosity $e^+ e^-$ colliders. Read More

The CLAS and Hall A collaborations at Jefferson Laboratory have recently released new results for the ep->ep{\gamma} reaction. We analyze these new data within the Generalized Parton Distribution formalism. Employing a fitter algorithm introduced and used in earlier works, we are able to extract from these data new constraints on the kinematical dependence of three Compton Form Factors. Read More

We present a discussion of radiative decays $\chi_{cJ}\rightarrow\gamma \rho (\omega, \phi)$. The decay amplitudes are computed within the QCD factorisation framework. NRQCD has been used in the heavy meson sector as well as a collinear expansion in order to describe the overlap with light mesons in the final state. Read More

We present a detailed derivation of the two sum rules relating the spin polarizabilities measured in real, virtual, and doubly-virtual Compton scattering. For example, the polarizability $\delta_{LT}$, accessed in inclusive electron scattering, is related to the spin polarizability $\gamma_{E1E1}$ and the slope of generalized polarizabilities $P^{(M1,M1)1}-P^{(L1,L1)1}$, measured in, respectively, the real and the virtual Compton scattering. We verify these sum rules in different variants of chiral perturbation theory, discuss their empirical verification for the proton, and prospect their use in studies of the nucleon spin structure. Read More

The nucleon generalized polarizabilities (GPs), probed in virtual Compton scattering (VCS), describe the spatial distribution of the polarization density in a nucleon. They are accessed experimentally via the process of electron-proton bremsstrahlung ($ep\to ep\gamma$) at electron-beam facilities, such as MIT-Bates, CEBAF (Jefferson Lab), and MAMI (Mainz). We present the calculation of the nucleon GPs and VCS observables at next-to-leading order in baryon chiral perturbation theory (B$\chi$PT), and confront the results with the empirical information. Read More

We evaluate the pion-nucleon intermediate-state contribution to the two-photon exchange (TPE) correction in the elastic electron-nucleon scattering within a dispersive framework. We calculate the contribution from all $\pi N$ partial waves using the MAID parametrization. We provide the corresponding TPE correction to the unpolarized $e p$ scattering cross section in the region of low momentum transfer $ Q^2 \lesssim 0. Read More

We report on a new experimental method based on initial-state radiation (ISR) in e-p scattering, in which the radiative tail of the elastic e-p peak contains information on the proton charge form factor ($G_E^p$) at extremely small $Q^2$. The ISR technique was validated in a dedicated experiment using the spectrometers of the A1-Collaboration at the Mainz Microtron (MAMI). This provided first measurements of $G_E^p$ for $0. Read More

We calculate the two-photon exchange correction to the Lamb shift in muonic helium-3 ions within the dispersion relations framework. Part of the effort entailed making analytic fits to the electron-$^3$He quasielastic scattering data set, for purposes of doing the dispersion integrals. Our result is that the energy of the 2$S$ state is shifted downwards by two-photon exchange effects by 15. Read More

We evaluate the light-quark meson contributions to three exact light-by-light scattering sum rules in light of new data by the Belle Collaboration, which recently has extracted the transition form factors of the tensor meson $f_2(1270)$ as well as of the scalar meson $f_0(980)$. We confirm a previous finding that the $\eta, \eta^\prime$ and helicity-2 $f_2(1270)$ contributions saturate one of these sum rules up to photon virtualities around 1 GeV$^2$. At larger virtualities, our sum rule analysis shows an important contribution of the $f_2(1565)$ meson and provides a first empirical extraction of its helicity-2 transition form factor. Read More

We provide an updated analysis of the forward $J/\psi$-p scattering amplitude, relating its imaginary part to $\gamma p \to J/\psi p$ and $\gamma p \to c \bar c X$ cross section data, and calculating its real part through a once-subtracted dispersion relation. From a global fit to both differential and total cross section data, we extract a value for the spin-averaged $J/\psi$-p s-wave scattering length $a_{\psi p} = 0.046 \pm 0. Read More

We determine, based on the latest experimental Deep Virtual Compton Scattering experimental data, the dependence of the spatial size of the proton on the quark's longitudinal momentum. This results in a three-dimensional momentum-space image and tomography of the proton. Read More

We evaluate the two-photon exchange (TPE) correction to the muon-proton elastic scattering at small momentum transfer. Besides the elastic (nucleon) intermediate state contribution, which is calculated exactly, we account for the inelastic intermediate states by expressing the TPE process approximately through the forward doubly virtual Compton scattering. The input in our evaluation is given by the unpolarized proton structure functions and by one subtraction function. Read More

We study the exclusive photoproduction of an electron-positron pair on a neutron target in the Jefferson Lab energy domain. The reaction consists of two processes: the Bethe-Heitler and the Timelike Compton Scattering. The latter process provides potentially access to the Generalized Parton Distributions (GPDs) of the nucleon. Read More

We present a calculation of the width for $\chi_{cJ}\rightarrow e^{+}e^{-}$ decay. The amplitude of the process is computed within the NRQCD framework. The leading-order contribution is described by two terms associated with the two different integration domains in the electromagnetic loop describing two-photon annihilation of the heavy quark-antiquark pair. Read More

We evaluate the two-photon exchange (TPE) correction to the unpolarized elastic electron-proton scattering at small momentum transfer $ Q^2 $. We account for the inelastic intermediate states approximating the double virtual Compton scattering by the unpolarized forward virtual Compton scattering. The unpolarized proton structure functions are used as input for the numerical evaluation of the inelastic contribution. Read More

The ratio between the anomalous magnetic moments of proton and neutron has recently been suggested to be connected to the ratio of proton momentum fractions carried by valence quarks. This relation has been obtained within a parametrization of the Generalized Parton Distributions (GPD) \cite{gpv}, but it is completely independent of such a parametrization.\\ It will be shown that using different CQMs this relation holds within a few percent accuracy. Read More

We study the wide angle Compton scattering process on a proton within the soft collinear factorization (SCET) framework. The main purpose of this work is to estimate the effect due to certain power suppressed corrections. We consider all possible kinematical power corrections and also include the subleading amplitudes describing the scattering with nucleon helicity flip. Read More

In view of the significantly different proton charge radius extracted from muonic hydrogen Lamb shift measurements as compared to electronic hydrogen spectroscopy or electron scattering experiments, we study in this work the photoproduction of a lepton pair on a proton target in the limit of very small momentum transfer as a way to provide a test of the lepton universality when extracting the proton charge form factor. By detecting the recoiling proton in the $\gamma p \to l^- l^+ p$ reaction, we show that a measurement of a ratio of $e^-e^+ + \mu^-\mu^+$ over $e^-e^+$ cross sections with a relative precision of around 2%, would allow for a test to distinguish between the two different proton charge radii currently extracted from muonic and electronic observables. Read More

We study the exclusive photoproduction of a lepton pair off the proton with the aim of studying the proton quark structure via the Generalized Parton Distributions (GPD) formalism. After deriving the amplitudes of the processes contributing to the $\gamma P\to P' e^+e^-$, the Timelike Compton Scattering and the Bethe-Heitler process, we calculate all unpolarized, single- and double- beam-target spin observables in the valence region in terms of GPDs. Read More

We derive two relations involving spin polarizabilities of a spin-1/2 particle and consider their empirical implications for the proton. Using the empirical values of the proton anomalous magnetic moment, electric and magnetic charge radii, moments of the spin structure functions $g_1$, $g_2$, and of two spin polarizabilities, the present relations constrain the low-momentum behavior of generalized polarizabilities appearing in virtual Compton scattering. In the case of the proton, the dispersive model evaluations of the spin and generalized polarizabilities appear to be consistent with these relations. Read More

We present a new general dispersive formalism for evaluating the hadronic light-by-light scattering contribution to the anomalous magnetic moment of the muon. In the suggested approach, this correction is related to the imaginary part of the muon's electromagnetic vertex function. The latter may be directly related to measurable hadronic processes by means of unitarity and analyticity. Read More

We apply a subtracted dispersion relation formalism with the aim to improve predictions for the two-photon exchange corrections to elastic electron-proton scattering observables at finite momentum transfers. We study the formalism on the elastic contribution, and make a detailed comparison with existing data for unpolarized cross sections as well as polarization transfer observables. Read More

2014Jul

We present a dispersive representation of the D-term form factor for hard exclusive reactions, using unsubtracted $t$-channel dispersion relations. The $t$-channel unitarity relation is saturated with the contribution of two-pion intermediate states, using the two-pion distributions amplitude for the $\gamma^*\gamma\rightarrow \pi\pi$ subprocess and reconstructing the $\pi\pi\rightarrow N\bar N$ subprocess from available information on pion-nucleon partial-wave helicity amplitudes. Results for the D-term form factor as function of $t$ as well as at $t=0$ are discussed in comparison with available model predictions and phenomenological parametrizations. Read More

We extend the general formalism of two-photon exchange to elastic lepton-nucleon scattering by accounting for all lepton mass terms. We then perform a numerical estimate of the muon-proton scattering at low momentum transfer in view of the future MUSE experiment. For this purpose, we estimate the two-photon exchange corrections to muon-proton scattering observables by considering the contribution of the proton intermediate state, which is expected to dominate at very low momentum transfers. Read More

We present a dispersion relation formalism to calculate a massive scalar two-loop vertex function. Such calculation is of direct relevance in the evaluation of the hadronic light-by-light contribution to the muon's anomalous magnetic moment due to meson poles. The discontinuity of the two-loop diagram is obtained by a sum of two- and three-particle cut contributions, which involve a phase space integration over the physical intermediate states. Read More

We develop the formalism to provide an improved estimate for the hadronic light-by-light correction to the muon's anomalous magnetic moment a_{\mu}, by considering single meson contributions beyond the leading pseudo-scalar mesons. We incorporate available experimental input as well as constraints from light-by-light scattering sum rules to estimate the effects of axial-vector, scalar, and tensor mesons. We give numerical evaluations for the hadronic light-by-light contribution of these states to a_{\mu}. Read More

We derive the complete factorization formula for the leading power contribution in wide angle Compton scattering. It consists of the soft- and hard-spectator contributions. The hard-spectator contribution is well known and defined in the form of the convolution of a hard kernel with the nucleon distribution amplitudes. Read More

We consider the two-photon exchange contribution to the $2P-2S$ Lamb shift in muonic deuterium in the framework of forward dispersion relations. The dispersion integrals are evaluated using experimental data on elastic deuteron form factors and inelastic electron-deuteron scattering, both in the quasielastic and hadronic range. The subtraction constant that is required to ensure convergence of the dispersion relation for the forward Compton amplitude $T_1(\nu,Q^2)$ is related to the deuteron magnetic polarizability $\beta(Q^2)$. Read More

Electron scattering fixed target experiments are a versatile tool to explore various physics phenomena. Recently these experiments came into focus to search for $U(1)$ extensions of the Standard Model of particle physics at low energies. These extensions are motivated from anomalies in astrophysical observations as well as from deviations from Standard Model predictions, such as the discrepancy between the experimental and theoretical determination of the anomalous magnetic moment of the muon. Read More

2013Jun
Affiliations: 1ed., 2ed., 3ed., 4ed., 5ed., 6ed., 7ed., 8ed., 9ed., 10ed., 11ed., 12ed., 13ed., 14ed., 15ed., 16ed., 17ed., 18ed., 19ed., 20ed., 21ed.

The mini-proceedings of the Workshop on "Constraining the hadronic contributions to the muon anomalous magnetic moment" which included the "13th meeting of the Radio MonteCarLow WG" and the "Satellite meeting R-Measurements at BES-III" held in Trento from April 10th to 12th, 2013, are presented. This collaboration meeting aims to bring together the experimental e+e- collider communities from BaBar, Belle, BESIII, CMD2, KLOE, and SND, with theorists working in the fields of meson transitions form factors, hadronic contributions to (g-2)_\mu and effective fine structure constant, and development of Monte Carlo generator and Radiative Corrections for precision e+e- and tau physics. Read More

We apply a sum rule for the forward light-by-light scattering process within the context of the $\phi^4$ quantum field theory. As a consequence of the sum rule a stringent causality criterion is presented and the resulting constraints are studied within a particular resummation of graphs. Such resummation is demonstrated to be consistent with the sum rule to all orders of perturbation theory. Read More

2013Mar
Affiliations: 1KPH, Mainz U., 2KPH, Mainz U., 3CSSM, Adelaide U., 4IFIC, Valencia U.

By looking at the complex plane of the pion-mass squared we establish a dispersion relation which the static quantities, such as baryon masses, magnetic moments, polarizabilities, should obey. This dispersion relation yields insight into the differences between the heavy-baryon and relativistic calculations in the baryon sector of chiral perturbation theory. Read More

This work reviews the recent developments in the field of Generalized Parton Distributions (GPDs) and Deeply virtual Compton scattering in the valence region, which aim at extracting the quark structure of the nucleon. We discuss the constraints which the present generation of measurements provide on GPDs, and examine several state-of-the-art parametrizations of GPDs. Future directions in this active field are discussed. Read More

Motivated by anomalies in cosmic ray observations and by attempts to solve questions of the Standad Model of particle physics like the (g-2)_mu discrepancy, U(1) extensions of the Standard Model have been proposed in recent years. Such U(1) extensions allow for the interaction of Dark Matter by exchange of a photon-like massive force carrier \gamma' not included in the Standard Model. In order to search for \gamma' bosons various experimental programs have been started. Read More

We calculate the two-photon exchange (TPE) corrections in the region where the kinematical variables describing the elastic $ep$ scattering are moderately large momentum scales relative to the soft hadronic scale. For such kinematics we use the QCD factorization approach formulated in the framework of the soft-collinear effective theory (SCET). Such technique allows us to develop a description for the soft-spectator scattering contribution which is found to be important in the region of moderately large scales. Read More

Using the momentum dependence of the dressed quark mass and the well-known formulae for the mass dependent quark-loop contribution to the light-by-light scattering insertions, we compute the hadronic light-by-light contribution to the muon anomalous magnetic moment. The relevant momentum running in the quark loop is calculated from the $\pi^0$ exchange contribution to the light- by-light scattering. Special emphasis on the reconstruction of the pseudoscalar transition form factor is made, and the $\pi^0$ contribution to the hadronic light-by-light is, as well, updated. Read More

We study the annihilation process $p\bar{p} \to \pi^0 e^+ e^-$ within a Regge framework, as a means to provide constraints on timelike nucleon form factors. We present results for the $e^+e^-$ angular distributions and the differential cross sections in kinematics which will be accessible by PANDA@FAIR. To check the consistency of the model, we first test the approach on the process of real photon production, $\bar{p} p \to \pi^0 \gamma$, where data in the energy range of 2. Read More

With anomalies found in cosmic ray observations and unsolved questions of the Standard Model of particle physics like the discrepancy in the muon's anomalous magnetic moment, the idea of an U(1) extension of the Standard Model arose. This extension allows for the interaction of Dark Matter by exchange of a photon-like massive force carrier $A'$ not included in the Standard Model. We discuss the possibility to constrain the dark photon parameter space by using data taken from rare kaon decays. Read More

2012May
Authors: H. Fonvieille1, G. Laveissiere2, N. Degrande3, S. Jaminion4, C. Jutier5, L. Todor6, R. Di Salvo7, L. Van Hoorebeke8, L. C. Alexa9, B. D. Anderson10, K. A. Aniol11, K. Arundell12, G. Audit13, L. Auerbach14, F. T. Baker15, M. Baylac16, J. Berthot17, P. Y. Bertin18, W. Bertozzi19, L. Bimbot20, W. U. Boeglin21, E. J. Brash22, V. Breton23, H. Breuer24, E. Burtin25, J. R. Calarco26, L. S. Cardman27, C. Cavata28, C. -C. Chang29, J. -P. Chen30, E. Chudakov31, E. Cisbani32, D. S. Dale33, C. W. deJager34, R. De Leo35, A. Deur36, N. d'Hose37, G. E. Dodge38, J. J. Domingo39, L. Elouadrhiri40, M. B. Epstein41, L. A. Ewell42, J. M. Finn43, K. G. Fissum44, G. Fournier45, B. Frois46, S. Frullani47, C. Furget48, H. Gao49, J. Gao50, F. Garibaldi51, A. Gasparian52, S. Gilad53, R. Gilman54, A. Glamazdin55, C. Glashausser56, J. Gomez57, V. Gorbenko58, P. Grenier59, P. A. M. Guichon60, J. O. Hansen61, R. Holmes62, M. Holtrop63, C. Howell64, G. M. Huber65, C. E. Hyde66, S. Incerti67, M. Iodice68, J. Jardillier69, M. K. Jones70, W. Kahl71, S. Kato72, A. T. Katramatou73, J. J. Kelly74, S. Kerhoas75, A. Ketikyan76, M. Khayat77, K. Kino78, S. Kox79, L. H. Kramer80, K. S. Kumar81, G. Kumbartzki82, M. Kuss83, A. Leone84, J. J. LeRose85, M. Liang86, R. A. Lindgren87, N. Liyanage88, G. J. Lolos89, R. W. Lourie90, R. Madey91, K. Maeda92, S. Malov93, D. M. Manley94, C. Marchand95, D. Marchand96, D. J. Margaziotis97, P. Markowitz98, J. Marroncle99, J. Martino100, K. McCormick101, J. McIntyre102, S. Mehrabyan103, F. Merchez104, Z. E. Meziani105, R. Michaels106, G. W. Miller107, J. Y. Mougey108, S. K. Nanda109, D. Neyret110, E. A. J. M. Offermann111, Z. Papandreou112, B. Pasquini113, C. F. Perdrisat114, R. Perrino115, G. G. Petratos116, S. Platchkov117, R. Pomatsalyuk118, D. L. Prout119, V. A. Punjabi120, T. Pussieux121, G. Quemener122, R. D. Ransome123, O. Ravel124, J. S. Real125, F. Renard126, Y. Roblin127, D. Rowntree128, G. Rutledge129, P. M. Rutt130, A. Saha131, T. Saito132, A. J. Sarty133, A. Serdarevic134, T. Smith135, G. Smirnov136, K. Soldi137, P. Sorokin138, P. A. Souder139, R. Suleiman140, J. A. Templon141, T. Terasawa142, R. Tieulent143, E. Tomasi-Gustaffson144, H. Tsubota145, H. Ueno146, P. E. Ulmer147, G. M. Urciuoli148, M. Vanderhaeghen149, R. L. J. Van der Meer150, R. Van De Vyver151, P. Vernin152, B. Vlahovic153, H. Voskanyan154, E. Voutier155, J. W. Watson156, L. B. Weinstein157, K. Wijesooriya158, R. Wilson159, B. B. Wojtsekhowski160, D. G. Zainea161, W. -M. Zhang162, J. Zhao163, Z. -L. Zhou164
Affiliations: 1The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 2The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 3The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 4The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 5The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 6The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 7The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 8The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 9The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 10The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 11The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 12The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 13The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 14The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 15The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 16The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 17The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 18The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 19The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 20The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 21The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 22The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 23The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 24The Jefferson Lab Hall A 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Virtual Compton Scattering (VCS) on the proton has been studied at Jefferson Lab using the exclusive photon electroproduction reaction (e p --> e p gamma). This paper gives a detailed account of the analysis which has led to the determination of the structure functions P_LL-P_TT/epsilon and P_LT, and the electric and magnetic generalized polarizabilities (GPs) alpha_E(Q^2) and beta_M(Q^2) at values of the four-momentum transfer squared Q^2= 0.92 and 1. Read More

Relating the forward light-by-light scattering to energy weighted integrals of the \gamma* \gamma -fusion cross sections, with one real photon (\gamma) and one virtual photon (\gamma*), we find two new exact super-convergence relations. They complement the known super-convergence relation based on the extension of the GDH sum rule to the light-light system. We also find a set of sum rules for the low-energy photon-photon interaction. Read More

2012Jan
Affiliations: 1Univ. of Cyprus and The Cyprus Inst., 2The Cyprus Inst. and Univ. of Athens, 3Univ. of Mainz

This colloquium addresses the issue of the shape of hadrons and in particular that of the proton. The concept of shape in the microcosm is critically examined. Special attention is devoted to properly define the meaning of shape for bound-state systems of near massless quarks. Read More

2011Dec
Affiliations: 1Inst. Kernphys., Mainz U., 2Inst. Kernphys., Mainz U., 3Inst. Kernphys., Mainz U.

We present a set of sum rules relating the low-energy light-by-light scattering to integrals of \gamma\gamma-fusion cross sections and use them to study the hadronic contributions. Read More

Recent progress on the extraction of electromagnetic properties of nucleon resonance excitation through pion photo- and electroproduction is reviewed. Cross section data measured at MAMI, ELSA, and CEBAF are analyzed and compared to the analysis of other groups. On this basis, we derive longitudinal and transverse transition form factors for most of the four-star nucleon resonances. Read More

Off-shell effects in proton electromagnetic vertices can be constrained from their effects on known processes. In particular, parameters in models for the off-shell effects can be determined by fitting to the proton electric and magnetic polarizabilities measured in low-energy Compton scattering. There has been recent speculation that off-shell effects contribute enough energy to the muonic hydrogen Lamb shift to explain the discrepancy between muonic and electronic measurements of the proton radius. Read More

An expansion of the electromagnetic form factors of the nucleon and Delta(1232) in small momentum transfer and pion mass is performed in a manifestly-covariant EFT framework consistent with chiral symmetry and analyticity. We present the expressions for the nucleon and Delta(1232) electromagnetic form factors, charge radii, and electromagnetic moments in the framework of SU(2) baryon chiral perturbation theory, with nucleon and Delta(1232)-isobar degrees of freedom, to next-to-leading order. Motivated by the results for the proton electric radius obtained from the muonic-hydrogen atom and electron-scattering process, we extract values for the second derivative of the electric form factor which is a genuine prediction of the p^3 BChPT. Read More

2011May
Affiliations: 1U. Pavia & INFN, Pavia, Italy, 2Mainz U., Inst. Kernphys., 3Mainz U., Inst. Kernphys.

We review recent developments in the theoretical investigation of the nucleon polarizabilities. We first report on the static polarizabilities as measured in real Compton scattering, comparing and interpreting the results from various theoretical approaches. In a second step, we extend the discussion to the generalized polarizabilities which can be accessed in virtual Compton scattering, showing how the information encoded in these quantities can provide a spatial interpretation of the induced polarization densities in the nucleon. Read More

We discuss the chiral behavior of nucleon and Delta(1232) electromagnetic properties within the framework of a SU(2) covariant baryon chiral perturbation theory. Our one-loop calculation is complete to the order p^3 and p^4/Delta with Delta as the Delta(1232)-nucleon energy gap. We show that the magnetic moment of a resonance can be defined through the linear energy shift only when an additional relation between the involved masses and the applied magnetic field strength is fulfilled. Read More

We address electromagnetic properties of quasi-stable baryons in the context of chiral extrapolations of lattice QCD results. For particles near their decay threshold we show that the application of a small external magnetic field changes the particle's energy in a non-analytic way. Conventional electromagnetic moments are only well-defined when the background field B satisfies |eB|/(2M_*|M_*-M-m|) where M_* is the mass of the resonance and M, m the masses of the decay products. Read More

We have measured the beam-normal single-spin asymmetries in elastic scattering of transversely polarized electrons from the proton, and performed the first measurement in quasi-elastic scattering on the deuteron, at backward angles (lab scattering angle of 108 degrees) for Q2 = 0.22 GeV^2/c^2 and 0.63 GeV^2/c^2 at beam energies of 362 MeV and 687 MeV, respectively. Read More