M. Strikman - Penn State University

M. Strikman
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M. Strikman
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Penn State University
City
State College
Country
United States

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High Energy Physics - Phenomenology (47)
 
High Energy Physics - Experiment (24)
 
Nuclear Theory (21)
 
Nuclear Experiment (18)
 
Physics - Accelerator Physics (2)
 
Physics - Instrumentation and Detectors (1)

Publications Authored By M. Strikman

This workshop aimed at producing an optimized photon source concept with potential increase of scientific output at Jefferson Lab, and at refining the science for hadron physics experiments benefitting from such a high-intensity photon source. The workshop brought together the communities directly using such sources for photo-production experiments, or for conversion into $K_L$ beams. The combination of high precision calorimetry and high intensity photon sources greatly enhances scientific benefit to (deep) exclusive processes like wide-angle and time-like Compton scattering. Read More

Using the framework that interpolates between the leading power limit of the Color Glass Condensate and the High Energy (or $k_{T}$) factorization we calculate the direct component of the forward dijet production in ultra-peripheral $\mathrm{Pb}$-$\mathrm{Pb}$ collisions at CM energy $5.1\,\mathrm{TeV}$ per nucleon pair. The formalism is applicable when the average transverse momentum of the dijet system $P_{T}$ is much bigger than the saturation scale $Q_{s}$, $P_{T}\gg Q_{s}$, while the imbalance of the dijet system can be arbitrary. Read More

2016Dec
Affiliations: 1Tel Aviv U. & Penn State U., 2St. Petersburg, INT, 3Penn State U.

We explore the theoretical observation that within the leading twist approximation, the nuclear effects of shadowing and antishadowing in non-perturbative nuclear parton distribution functions (nPDFs) at the input QCD evolution scale involve diffraction on nucleons of a nuclear target and originate from merging of two parton ladders belonging to two different nucleons, which are close in the rapidity space. It allows us to propose that for a given momentum fraction $x_P$ carried by the diffractive exchange, nuclear shadowing and antishadowing should compensate each other in the momentum sum rule for nuclear PDFs locally on the interval $\ln (x/x_P) \le 1$. We realize this by constructing an explicit model of nuclear gluon antishadowing, which has a wide support in $x$, $10^{-4} < x < 0. Read More

By using the theoretical approaches describing well the available data on $t$-integrated coherent photoproduction of light and heavy vector mesons in Pb-Pb ultraperipheral collisions (UPCs) at the Large Hadron Collider (LHC) in Run 1, we calculate the momentum transfer distributions for this process for $\rho$ and $J/\psi$ vector mesons in the kinematics of Run 2 at the LHC. We demonstrate that nuclear shadowing not only suppresses the absolute value of the cross sections, but also shifts the momentum transfer distributions toward smaller values of the momentum transfer $|t|$. This result can be interpreted as a broadening in the impact parameter space of the effective nucleon density in nuclei by 14\% in the case of $\rho$ and the nuclear gluon distribution by $5-11$\% in the case of $J/\psi$. Read More

2016Nov
Authors: K. Akiba1, M. Akbiyik2, M. Albrow3, M. Arneodo4, V. Avati5, J. Baechler6, O. Villalobos Baillie7, P. Bartalini8, J. Bartels9, S. Baur10, C. Baus11, W. Beaumont12, U. Behrens13, D. Berge14, M. Berretti15, E. Bossini16, R. Boussarie17, S. Brodsky18, M. Broz19, M. Bruschi20, P. Bussey21, W. Byczynski22, J. C. Cabanillas Noris23, E. Calvo Villar24, A. Campbell25, F. Caporale26, W. Carvalho27, G. Chachamis28, E. Chapon29, C. Cheshkov30, J. Chwastowski31, R. Ciesielski32, D. Chinellato33, A. Cisek34, V. Coco35, P. Collins36, J. G. Contreras37, B. Cox38, D. de Jesus Damiao39, P. Davis40, M. Deile41, D. D'Enterria42, D. Druzhkin43, B. Ducloué44, R. Dumps45, R. Dzhelyadin46, P. Dziurdzia47, M. Eliachevitch48, P. Fassnacht49, F. Ferro50, S. Fichet51, D. Figueiredo52, B. Field53, D. Finogeev54, R. Fiore55, J. Forshaw56, A. Gago Medina57, M. Gallinaro58, A. Granik59, G. von Gersdorff60, S. Giani61, K. Golec-Biernat62, V. P. Goncalves63, P. Göttlicher64, K. Goulianos65, J. -Y. Grosslord66, L. A. Harland-Lang67, H. Van Haevermaet68, M. Hentschinski69, R. Engel70, G. Herrera Corral71, J. Hollar72, L. Huertas73, D. Johnson74, I. Katkov75, O. Kepka76, M. Khakzad77, L. Kheyn78, V. Khachatryan79, V. A. Khoze80, S. Klein81, M. van Klundert82, F. Krauss83, A. Kurepin84, N. Kurepin85, K. Kutak86, E. Kuznetsova87, G. Latino88, P. Lebiedowicz89, B. Lenzi90, E. Lewandowska91, S. Liu92, A. Luszczak93, M. Luszczak94, J. D. Madrigal95, M. Mangano96, Z. Marcone97, C. Marquet98, A. D. Martin99, T. Martin100, M. I. Martinez Hernandez101, C. Martins102, C. Mayer103, R. Mc Nulty104, P. Van Mechelen105, R. Macula106, E. Melo da Costa107, T. Mertzimekis108, C. Mesropian109, M. Mieskolainen110, N. Minafra111, I. L. Monzon112, L. Mundim113, B. Murdaca114, M. Murray115, H. Niewiadowski116, J. Nystrand117, E. G. de Oliveira118, R. Orava119, S. Ostapchenko120, K. Osterberg121, A. Panagiotou122, A. Papa123, R. Pasechnik124, T. Peitzmann125, L. A. Perez Moreno126, T. Pierog127, J. Pinfold128, M. Poghosyan129, M. E. Pol130, W. Prado131, V. Popov132, M. Rangel133, A. Reshetin134, J. -P. Revol135, M. Rijssenbeek136, M. Rodriguez137, B. Roland138, C. Royon139, M. Ruspa140, M. Ryskin141, A. Sabio Vera142, G. Safronov143, T. Sako144, H. Schindler145, D. Salek146, K. Safarik147, M. Saimpert148, A. Santoro149, R. Schicker150, J. Seger151, S. Sen152, A. Shabanov153, W. Schafer154, G. Gil Da Silveira155, P. Skands156, R. Soluk157, A. van Spilbeeck158, R. Staszewski159, S. Stevenson160, W. J. Stirling161, M. Strikman162, A. Szczurek163, L. Szymanowski164, J. D. Tapia Takaki165, M. Tasevsky166, K. Taesoo167, C. Thomas168, S. R. Torres169, A. Tricomi170, M. Trzebinski171, D. Tsybychev172, N. Turini173, R. Ulrich174, E. Usenko175, J. Varela176, M. Lo Vetere177, A. Villatoro Tello178, A. Vilela Pereira179, D. Volyanskyy180, S. Wallon181, G. Wilkinson182, H. Wöhrmann183, K. C. Zapp184, Y. Zoccarato185
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The goal of this report is to give a comprehensive overview of the rich field of forward physics, with a special attention to the topics that can be studied at the LHC. The report starts presenting a selection of the Monte Carlo simulation tools currently available, chapter 2, then enters the rich phenomenology of QCD at low, chapter 3, and high, chapter 4, momentum transfer, while the unique scattering conditions of central exclusive production are analyzed in chapter 5. The last two experimental topics, Cosmic Ray and Heavy Ion physics are presented in the chapter 6 and 7 respectively. Read More

We study the role of soft/nonperturbative correlations in the multi parton interactions in the central kinematics relevant for double parton scattering (DPS) and underlying event (UE) measurements at ATLAS and CMS. We show that the effect of soft correlations is negligible for DPS regime (typical transverse momenta larger than 10-20 GeV), but may be important for UE (several GeV scale). The characteristic scale where soft correlations become important increases with decrease of $x$ (energy increase) leading to approximately constant effective cross section at small x. Read More

An Electron-Ion Collider (EIC) with center-of-mass energies sqrt(s_{eN}) ~ 20-100 GeV and luminosity L ~ 10^{34} cm^{-2} s^{-1} would offer new opportunities to study heavy quark production in high-energy electron or photon scattering on protons and nuclei. We report about an R&D project exploring the feasibility of direct measurements of nuclear gluon densities at large x (gluonic EMC effect, antishadowing) using open charm production at EIC. We describe the charm production rates and angle-momentum distributions at large x and discuss methods of charm reconstruction using next-generation detector capabilities (pi/K identification, vertex reconstruction). Read More

We explore the feasibility of direct measurements of nuclear gluon densities using heavy-quark production (open charm, beauty) at a future Electron-Ion Collider (EIC). We focus on the regions x > 0.3 (EMC effect) and x ~ 0. Read More

The crucial parameter of the current Monte Carlo models of high energy hadron-hadron interaction is the transverse momentum cutoff $p_{T0}$ for parton-parton interactions which slowly grows with energy and regularizes the cross section. This modification of the collinear factorization formula goes beyond the leading power and thus a natural question arises if such cutoff can be extracted from a formalism which takes into account power corrections. In this work, we consider the High Energy Factorization (HEF) valid at small $x$ and a new model, based on a similar principle to HEF, which in addition has a limit respecting the Dokshitzer-Dyakonov-Troyan formula for the dijet momentum disbalance spectrum. Read More

We calculate the rate of double open charm production in the forward kinematics studied recently in the LHCb experiment. We find that the mean field approximation for the double parton GPD (Generalized parton distributions), which neglects parton - parton correlations, underestimates the rate by a factor of two. The enhancement due to the perturbative QCD correlation \12 mechanism which explains the rate of double parton interactions at the central rapidities is found to explain 60 $\div$ 80 \% of the discrepancy. Read More

We demonstrate that studies of the semiexclusive large angle photon - nucleus reactions: $\gamma + A\to h_1+h_2 +(A-1)^*$ with tagged photon beams of energies $6 \div 10$ GeV which can be performed in Hall D at Thomas Jefferson National Acceleration Facility (TJNAF) would allow to probe several aspects of the QCD dynamics: establish the $t$-range in which transition from soft to hard dynamics occurs, compare the strength of the interaction of various mesons and baryons with nucleons at the energies of few GeV, as well as look for the color transparency effects. Read More

We model effects of color fluctuations (CFs) in the light-cone photon wave function and for the first time make predictions for the distribution over the number of wounded nucleons $\nu$ in the inelastic photon-nucleus scattering. We show that CFs lead to a dramatic enhancement of this distribution at $\nu=1$ and large $\nu > 10$. We also study the implications of different scales and CFs in the photon wave function on the total transverse energy $\Sigma E_T$ and other observables in inelastic $\gamma A$ scattering with different triggers. Read More

An Electron-Ion Collider (EIC) would enable next-generation measurements of deep-inelastic scattering (DIS) on the deuteron with detection of a forward-moving nucleon (p, n) and measurement of its recoil momentum ("spectator tagging"). Such experiments offer full control of the nuclear configuration during the high-energy process and can be used for precision studies of the neutron's partonic structure and its spin dependence, nuclear modifications of partonic structure, and nuclear shadowing at small x. We review the theoretical description of spectator tagging at EIC energies (light-front nuclear structure, on-shell extrapolation in the recoil nucleon momentum, final-state interactions, diffractive effects at small x) and report about on-going developments. Read More

We argue that the observation of the color transparency effect in the semiexclusive $A(\pi^-,l^+ l^-)$ process is important for determining whether it is possible to extract the generalized parton distributions of the nucleon from the elementary reaction $\pi^- p \to l^+ l^- n$ at $p_{\rm lab}=15-20$ GeV/c at small $|t|$ and large invariant mass of the dilepton pair $l^+ l^-$. Assuming that the transverse size of the pionic $q \bar q$ pair in the hard interaction point is similar to the one in the reaction $\gamma^* p\to \pi^+ n$ studied at JLab we predict large color transparency effects in the discussed kinematic range. We also suggest that the semiexclusive $\rho^0$ production in $\pi^-$-induced reactions in the same beam momentum region may provide new information on the dynamics of the interaction in the non-vacuum channel, while the $J/\psi$ production can be used to get information on $J/\psi N$ total interaction cross section. Read More

The present day experimental data on the $X(3872)$ decays do not allow to make clear conclusions on the dominating structure of this state. We discuss here an alternative way to study its structure by means of the two-step $\bar D^*$ (or $D$) production in $\bar p A$ reactions. If this process is mediated by $X(3872)$, the characteristic narrow peaks of the $\bar D^*$ (or $D$) distributions in the light cone momentum fraction at small transverse momenta will appear. Read More

We argue that with an increase of the collision energy, elastic photoproduction of $\rho$ mesons on nuclei becomes affected by the significant cross section of photon inelastic diffraction into large masses, which results in the sizable inelastic nuclear shadowing correction to $\sigma_{\gamma A \to \rho A}$ and the reduced effective $\rho$-nucleon cross section. We take these effects into account by combining the vector meson dominance model, which we upgrade to include the contribution of high-mass fluctuations of the photon according to QCD constraints, and the Gribov-Glauber approximation for nuclear shadowing, where the inelastic nuclear shadowing is included by means of cross section fluctuations. The resulting approach allows us to successfully describe the data on elastic $\rho$ photoproduction on nuclei in heavy ion UPCs in the $7 \ {\rm GeV} < W_{\gamma p} < 46$ GeV energy range and to predict the value of the cross section of coherent $\rho$ photoproduction in Pb-Pb UPCs at $\sqrt{s_{NN}}=5. Read More

Multiple Partonic Interactions are often crucial for interpreting results obtained at the Large Hadron Collider (LHC). The quest for a sound understanding of the dynamics behind MPI - particularly at this time when the LHC is due to start its "Run II" operations - has focused the aim of this workshop. MPI@LHC2014 concentrated mainly on the phenomenology of LHC measurements whilst keeping in perspective those results obtained at previous hadron colliders. Read More

Currently, the structure of the $X(3872)$ meson is unknown. Different competing models of the $c\bar c$ exotic state $X(3872)$ exist, including the possibilities that this state is either a mesonic molecule with dominating $D^0 \bar D^{*0} +c.c. Read More

We investigate dijet production from proton-nucleus collisions at the Large Hadron Collider (LHC) as a means for observing superfast quarks in nuclei with Bjorken $x>1$. Kinematically, superfast quarks can be identified through directly measurable jet kinematics. Dynamically, their description requires understanding several elusive properties of nuclear QCD, such as nuclear forces at very short distances, as well as medium modification of parton distributions in nuclei. Read More

The production of charmonia in the antiproton-nucleus reactions at $p_{\rm lab}=3-10$ GeV/c is studied within the Glauber model and the generalized eikonal approximation. The main reaction channel is charmonium formation in an antiproton-proton collision. The target mass dependence of the charmonium transparency ratio allows to determine the charmonium-nucleon cross section. Read More

We derive expressions for the differential distributions and the total cross section of double- parton interaction in direct photon interaction with proton and nuclei. We demonstrate that in this case the cross section is more directly related to the nucleon generalized parton distribution than in the case of double parton interactions in the proton - proton collisions. We focus on the production of two dijets each containing charm (anticharm) quarks and carrying $x_1,x_2>0. Read More

We argue that the pattern of the deviation from the Glauber approximation prediction for the centrality dependence of the rate of forward jet production observed in pA collisions at the LHC provides the first experimental evidence that parton configurations in the projectile proton containing a parton with large $x$ interact with a nuclear target with a significantly smaller than average cross section and have smaller than average size. We implement the effects of fluctuations of the interaction strength and, using the ATLAS analysis of how hadron production at backward rapidities depends on the number of wounded nucleons, make quantitative predictions for the centrality dependence of the jet production rate as a function of the $x$-dependent interaction strength $\sigma(x)$. We find that \sigma(x)\sim 0. Read More

The possibility of using a tensor polarized deuteron target in electroproduction reactions creates new opportunities for studying different phenomena related to the short-range hadronic and nuclear physics. The use of tensor polarized deuteron allows to isolate smaller than average inter-nucleon distances for the bound two-nucleon system. In this report we consider several of high $Q^2$ reactions which are particularly sensitive to the short-range two-nucleon configurations in the deuteron. Read More

The neutron's deep-inelastic structure functions provide essential information for the flavor separation of the nucleon parton densities, the nucleon spin decomposition, and precision studies of QCD phenomena in the flavor-singlet and nonsinglet sectors. Traditional inclusive measurements on nuclear targets are limited by dilution from scattering on protons, Fermi motion and binding effects, final-state interactions, and nuclear shadowing at x << 0.1. Read More

An Electron-Ion Collider (EIC) with suitable forward detection capabilities would enable a unique experimental program of deep-inelastic scattering (DIS) from polarized light nuclei (deuterium 2H, helium 3He) with spectator nucleon tagging. Such measurements promise significant advances in several key areas of nuclear physics and QCD: (a) neutron spin structure, by using polarized deuterium and eliminating nuclear effects through on-shell extrapolation in the spectator proton momentum; (b) quark/gluon structure of the bound nucleon at x > 0.1 and the dynamical mechanisms acting on it, by measuring the spectator momentum dependence of nuclear structure functions; (c) coherent effects in QCD, by exploring shadowing in tagged DIS on deuterium at x << 0. Read More

We study the screening effect for the multiparton interactions (MPI) for proton--deuteron collisions in the kinematics where one parton belonging to the deuteron has small $x_1$ so the leading twist shadowing is present while the second parton ($x_2$) is involved in the interaction %%ms in the kinematics where shadowing effects are small. We find that the ratio of the shadowing and the impulse approximation terms is approximately factor of two larger for MPI than for the single parton distributions. We also calculate the double parton antishadowing (DPA) contribution to the cross section due to the independent interactions of the partons ofthe projectile proton with two nucleons of the deuteron and find that shadowing leads to a strong reduction ofthe DPA effect. Read More

We analyze $pA$ interactions at ultra-high energies within the semiclassical approximation for high energy processes accounting for the diffractive processes and a rapid increase with the incident energy of the coherence length. The fluctuations of the strength of interaction expected in QCD and momentum conservation are taken into account also. We evaluate the number of wounded nucleons in soft and hard processes, the multiplicity of jets in the proton fragmentation region as a function of the variance of the distribution over the interaction strengths directly measured in forward diffractive $pN$ scattering for RHIC and LHC energies. Read More

Experimental findings of CMS on properties of jets and underlying events at high multiplicities in proton-proton interactions at 7 TeV are interpreted as an indication of increasing role of central collisions with small impact parameters. We find an indication that the rates of different hard processes observed by CMS and ALICE universally depend on underlying event charged-particles multiplicity until it becomes four times more than average. It is shown that the increase of the overlap area of colliding protons is not sufficient for explanation of the rate of jet production in events with charged-particle multiplicity three times higher than average and some new mechanisms are necessary like interaction of protons in rare configurations of higher than average gluon density. Read More

We consider $J/\psi$ photoproduction in ion--ion ultraperipheral collisions (UPCs) at the LHC and RHIC in the coherent and incoherent quasielastic channels with and without accompanying forward neutron emission and analyze the role of nuclear gluon shadowing at small $x$, $x=10^{-4}-10^{-2}$, in these processes. We find that despite the good agreement between large nuclear gluon shadowing and the ALICE data in the coherent channel, in the incoherent channel, the leading twist approximation predicts the amount of nuclear suppression which is by approximately a factor of $1.5$ exceeds that seen in the data. Read More

Starting from the Feynman diagram representation of multiple scattering we consider the polarized $\chi_c$(1P)-charmonia production in antiproton-nucleus reactions close to the threshold ($p_{\rm lab}=5-7$ GeV/c). The rescattering and absorption of the incoming antiproton and outgoing charmonium on nucleons are taken into account, including the possibility of the elastic and nondiagonal (flavor-conserving) scattering $\chi_{cJ} N \to \chi_{cJ^\prime} N$, $J,J^\prime=0,1,2$. The elementary amplitudes of the latter processes are evaluated by expanding the physical $\chi_c$-states in the Clebsch-Gordan series of the $c \bar c$ states with fixed values of internal orbital angular momentum ($L_z$) and spin projections on the $\chi_c$ momentum axis. Read More

The presence of nuclear medium and collective phenomena which involve several nucleons modify the parton distribution functions of nuclei (nPDFs) compared to those of a free nucleon. These modifications have been investigated by different groups using global analyses of high energy nuclear reaction world data resulting in modern nPDF parametrizations with error estimates, such as EPS09(s), HKN07 and nDS. These phenomenological nPDF sets roughly agree within their uncertainty bands, but have antiquarks for large-$x$ and gluons for the whole $x$-range poorly constrained by the available data. Read More

Recent theoretical studies have provided new insight into the intrinsic transverse momentum distributions of valence and sea quarks in the nucleon at a low scale. The valence quark transverse momentum distributions (q - qbar) are governed by the nucleon's inverse hadronic size R^{-1} ~ 0.2 GeV and drop steeply at large p_T. Read More

We examine the role played in double parton interactions (DPI) by the parton--parton correlations originating from perturbative QCD parton splittings. Also presented are the results of the numerical analysis of the integrated DPI cross sections at Tevatron and LHC energies. To obtain the numerical results the knowledge of the single-parton GPDs gained by the HERA experiments was used to construct the non-perturbative input for generalized double parton distributions. Read More

We show that the recent ALICE measurements of exclusive J/{\psi} production in ultraperipheral PbPb collisions at 2.76 TeV provide the first direct experimental evidence for the strong nuclear gluon shadowing in lead at $x \sim 10^{-3}$. The evidence is based on the comparison of the nuclear suppression factor S(x\approx 0. Read More

We review the evolution of the studies of diffractive processes in the strong interaction over the last 60 years. First, we briefly outline the early developments of the theory based on analyticity and unitarity of the S-matrix, including the derivation and exploration of the Regge trajectories and related moving cuts. Special attention is paid to the concept of the Pomeron trajectory introduced for description of total, elastic and diffractive cross sections at high energies and to the emergence of the dynamics of multi-Pomeron interactions. Read More

The J/\Psi(1S) and \Psi'(2S) production near threshold in antiproton-nucleus reactions is calculated on the basis of the Glauber model. The model takes into account the antiproton (pre)absorption, proton Fermi motion, and charmonium formation length. We confirm earlier prediction that the charmonium production in $\bar pA$ collisions at $p_{lab}=3-10$ GeV/c is not influenced by formation length effects and is very well suited to determine the genuine charmonium-nucleon dissociation cross sections. Read More

Color fluctuations in hadron-hadron collisions are responsible for the presence of inelastic diffraction and lead to distinctive differences between the Gribov picture of high energy scattering and the low energy Glauber picture. We find that color fluctuations give a larger contribution to the fluctuations of the number of wounded nucleons than the fluctuations of the number of nucleons at a given impact parameter. The two contributions for the impact parameter averaged fluctuations are comparable. Read More

We analyze the role of nuclear modifications of parton distributions, notably, the nuclear shadowing and antishadowing corrections, in production of lepton pairs from decays of neutral electroweak gauge bosons in proton-lead and lead-collisions at the LHC. Using the Collins-Soper-Sterman resummation formalism that we extended to the case of nuclear parton distributions, we observed a direct correlation between the predicted behavior of the transverse momentum and rapidity distributions of the produced vector bosons and the pattern of quark and gluon nuclear modifications. This makes Drell-Yan pair production in $pA$ and $AA$ collisions at the LHC a useful tool for constraining nuclear PDFs in the small-$x$ shadowing and moderate-$x$ antishadowing regions. Read More

We summarize recent progress in understanding the effects of nonperturbative short-range interactions in QCD on the nucleon's partonic structure at a low scale: (a) Sea quarks have intrinsic transverse momenta up to the chiral symmetry-breaking scale rho^{-1} ~ 0.6 GeV, much larger than those of valence quarks. (b) Sea quarks in the nucleon light-cone wave function exist partly in correlated in pairs of transverse size rho with sigma and pi-like quantum numbers and a distinctive spin structure (L = 1 components). Read More

This White Paper presents the science case of an Electron-Ion Collider (EIC), focused on the structure and interactions of gluon-dominated matter, with the intent to articulate it to the broader nuclear science community. It was commissioned by the managements of Brookhaven National Laboratory (BNL) and Thomas Jefferson National Accelerator Facility (JLab) with the objective of presenting a summary of scientific opportunities and goals of the EIC as a follow-up to the 2007 NSAC Long Range plan. This document is a culmination of a community-wide effort in nuclear science following a series of workshops on EIC physics and, in particular, the focused ten-week program on "Gluons and quark sea at high energies" at the Institute for Nuclear Theory in Fall 2010. Read More

2012Nov
Authors: J. L. Abelleira Fernandez, C. Adolphsen, P. Adzic, A. N. Akay, H. Aksakal, J. L. Albacete, B. Allanach, S. Alekhin, P. Allport, V. Andreev, R. B. Appleby, E. Arikan, N. Armesto, G. Azuelos, M. Bai, D. Barber, J. Bartels, O. Behnke, J. Behr, A. S. Belyaev, I. Ben-Zvi, N. Bernard, S. Bertolucci, S. Bettoni, S. Biswal, J. Blümlein, H. Böttcher, A. Bogacz, C. Bracco, J. Bracinik, G. Brandt, H. Braun, S. Brodsky, O. Brüning, E. Bulyak, A. Buniatyan, H. Burkhardt, I. T. Cakir, O. Cakir, R. Calaga, A. Caldwell, V. Cetinkaya, V. Chekelian, E. Ciapala, R. Ciftci, A. K. Ciftci, B. A. Cole, J. C. Collins, O. Dadoun, J. Dainton, A. De. Roeck, D. d'Enterria, P. DiNezza, M. D'Onofrio, A. Dudarev, A. Eide, R. Enberg, E. Eroglu, K. J. Eskola, L. Favart, M. Fitterer, S. Forte, A. Gaddi, P. Gambino, H. García Morales, T. Gehrmann, P. Gladkikh, C. Glasman, A. Glazov, R. Godbole, B. Goddard, T. Greenshaw, A. Guffanti, V. Guzey, C. Gwenlan, T. Han, Y. Hao, F. Haug, W. Herr, A. Hervé, B. J. Holzer, M. Ishitsuka, M. Jacquet, B. Jeanneret, E. Jensen, J. M. Jimenez, J. M. Jowett, H. Jung, H. Karadeniz, D. Kayran, A. Kilic, K. Kimura, R. Klees, M. Klein, U. Klein, T. Kluge, F. Kocak, M. Korostelev, A. Kosmicki, P. Kostka, H. Kowalski, M. Kraemer, G. Kramer, D. Kuchler, M. Kuze, T. Lappi, P. Laycock, E. Levichev, S. Levonian, V. N. Litvinenko, A. Lombardi, J. Maeda, C. Marquet, B. Mellado, K. H. Mess, A. Milanese, J. G. Milhano, S. Moch, I. I. Morozov, Y. Muttoni, S. Myers, S. Nandi, Z. Nergiz, P. R. Newman, T. Omori, J. Osborne, E. Paoloni, Y. Papaphilippou, C. Pascaud, H. Paukkunen, E. Perez, T. Pieloni, E. Pilicer, B. Pire, R. Placakyte, A. Polini, V. Ptitsyn, Y. Pupkov, V. Radescu, S. Raychaudhuri, L. Rinolfi, E. Rizvi, R. Rohini, J. Rojo, S. Russenschuck, M. Sahin, C. A. Salgado, K. Sampei, R. Sassot, E. Sauvan, M. Schaefer, U. Schneekloth, T. Schörner-Sadenius, D. Schulte, A. Senol, A. Seryi, P. Sievers, A. N. Skrinsky, W. Smith, D. South, H. Spiesberger, A. M. Stasto, M. Strikman, M. Sullivan, S. Sultansoy, Y. P. Sun, B. Surrow, L. Szymanowski, P. Taels, I. Tapan, T. Tasci, E. Tassi, H. Ten. Kate, J. Terron, H. Thiesen, L. Thompson, P. Thompson, K. Tokushuku, R. Tomás García, D. Tommasini, D. Trbojevic, N. Tsoupas, J. Tuckmantel, S. Turkoz, T. N. Trinh, K. Tywoniuk, G. Unel, T. Ullrich, J. Urakawa, P. VanMechelen, A. Variola, R. Veness, A. Vivoli, P. Vobly, J. Wagner, R. Wallny, S. Wallon, G. Watt, C. Weiss, U. A. Wiedemann, U. Wienands, F. Willeke, B. -W. Xiao, V. Yakimenko, A. F. Zarnecki, Z. Zhang, F. Zimmermann, R. Zlebcik, F. Zomer

The present note relies on the recently published conceptual design report of the LHeC and extends the first contribution to the European strategy debate in emphasising the role of the LHeC to complement and complete the high luminosity LHC programme. The brief discussion therefore focuses on the importance of high precision PDF and $\alpha_s$ determinations for the physics beyond the Standard Model (GUTs, SUSY, Higgs). Emphasis is also given to the importance of high parton density phenomena in nuclei and their relevance to the heavy ion physics programme at the LHC. Read More

2012Nov
Authors: J. L. Abelleira Fernandez, C. Adolphsen, P. Adzic, A. N. Akay, H. Aksakal, J. L. Albacete, B. Allanach, S. Alekhin, P. Allport, V. Andreev, R. B. Appleby, E. Arikan, N. Armesto, G. Azuelos, M. Bai, D. Barber, J. Bartels, O. Behnke, J. Behr, A. S. Belyaev, I. Ben-Zvi, N. Bernard, S. Bertolucci, S. Bettoni, S. Biswal, J. Blümlein, H. Böttcher, A. Bogacz, C. Bracco, J. Bracinik, G. Brandt, H. Braun, S. Brodsky, O. Brüning, E. Bulyak, A. Buniatyan, H. Burkhardt, I. T. Cakir, O. Cakir, R. Calaga, A. Caldwell, V. Cetinkaya, V. Chekelian, E. Ciapala, R. Ciftci, A. K. Ciftci, B. A. Cole, J. C. Collins, O. Dadoun, J. Dainton, A. De. Roeck, D. d'Enterria, P. DiNezza, M. D'Onofrio, A. Dudarev, A. Eide, R. Enberg, E. Eroglu, K. J. Eskola, L. Favart, M. Fitterer, S. Forte, A. Gaddi, P. Gambino, H. García Morales, T. Gehrmann, P. Gladkikh, C. Glasman, A. Glazov, R. Godbole, B. Goddard, T. Greenshaw, A. Guffanti, V. Guzey, C. Gwenlan, T. Han, Y. Hao, F. Haug, W. Herr, A. Hervé, B. J. Holzer, M. Ishitsuka, M. Jacquet, B. Jeanneret, E. Jensen, J. M. Jimenez, J. M. Jowett, H. Jung, H. Karadeniz, D. Kayran, A. Kilic, K. Kimura, R. Klees, M. Klein, U. Klein, T. Kluge, F. Kocak, M. Korostelev, A. Kosmicki, P. Kostka, H. Kowalski, M. Kraemer, G. Kramer, D. Kuchler, M. Kuze, T. Lappi, P. Laycock, E. Levichev, S. Levonian, V. N. Litvinenko, A. Lombardi, J. Maeda, C. Marquet, B. Mellado, K. H. Mess, A. Milanese, J. G. Milhano, S. Moch, I. I. Morozov, Y. Muttoni, S. Myers, S. Nandi, Z. Nergiz, P. R. Newman, T. Omori, J. Osborne, E. Paoloni, Y. Papaphilippou, C. Pascaud, H. Paukkunen, E. Perez, T. Pieloni, E. Pilicer, B. Pire, R. Placakyte, A. Polini, V. Ptitsyn, Y. Pupkov, V. Radescu, S. Raychaudhuri, L. Rinolfi, E. Rizvi, R. Rohini, J. Rojo, S. Russenschuck, M. Sahin, C. A. Salgado, K. Sampei, R. Sassot, E. Sauvan, M. Schaefer, U. Schneekloth, T. Schörner-Sadenius, D. Schulte, A. Senol, A. Seryi, P. Sievers, A. N. Skrinsky, W. Smith, D. South, H. Spiesberger, A. M. Stasto, M. Strikman, M. Sullivan, S. Sultansoy, Y. P. Sun, B. Surrow, L. Szymanowski, P. Taels, I. Tapan, T. Tasci, E. Tassi, H. Ten. Kate, J. Terron, H. Thiesen, L. Thompson, P. Thompson, K. Tokushuku, R. Tomás García, D. Tommasini, D. Trbojevic, N. Tsoupas, J. Tuckmantel, S. Turkoz, T. N. Trinh, K. Tywoniuk, G. Unel, T. Ullrich, J. Urakawa, P. VanMechelen, A. Variola, R. Veness, A. Vivoli, P. Vobly, J. Wagner, R. Wallny, S. Wallon, G. Watt, C. Weiss, U. A. Wiedemann, U. Wienands, F. Willeke, B. -W. Xiao, V. Yakimenko, A. F. Zarnecki, Z. Zhang, F. Zimmermann, R. Zlebcik, F. Zomer

This document provides a brief overview of the recently published report on the design of the Large Hadron Electron Collider (LHeC), which comprises its physics programme, accelerator physics, technology and main detector concepts. The LHeC exploits and develops challenging, though principally existing, accelerator and detector technologies. This summary is complemented by brief illustrations of some of the highlights of the physics programme, which relies on a vastly extended kinematic range, luminosity and unprecedented precision in deep inelastic scattering. Read More

We review a unique prediction of Quantum Chromo Dynamics, called color transparency (CT), where the final (and/or initial) state interactions of hadrons with the nuclear medium must vanish for exclusive processes at high momentum transfers. We retrace the progress of our understanding of this phenomenon, which began with the discovery of the $J/\psi$ meson, followed by the discovery of high energy CT phenomena, the recent developments in the investigations of the onset of CT at intermediate energies and the directions for future studies. Read More

In a suitably chosen back-to-back kinematics, four-jet production in hadronic collisions is known to be dominated by contributions from two independent partonic scattering processes, thus giving experimental access to the structure of generalized two-parton distributions 2GPDs. Here, we show that a combined measurement of the double hard four-jet cross section in proton-proton and proton-nucleus collisions will allow one to disentangle different sources of two-parton correlations in the proton, that cannot be disentangled with 4-jet measurements in proton-proton collisions alone. To this end, we analyze in detail the structure of 2GPDs in the nucleus (A), we calculate in the independent nucleon approximation all contributions to the double hard four-jet cross section in pA, and we determine corrections arising from the nuclear dependence of single parton distribution functions. Read More

The dynamical breaking of chiral symmetry in QCD is caused by nonperturbative interactions on a scale rho ~ 0.3 fm, much smaller than the hadronic size R ~ 1 fm. These short-distance interactions influence the intrinsic transverse momentum distributions of partons and their correlations at a low normalization point. Read More

We demonstrate that perturbative QCD leads to positive 3D parton--parton correlations inside nucleon explaining a factor two enhancement of the cross section of multi-parton interactions observed at Tevatron at $x_i\ge 0.01$ as compared to the predictions of the independent parton approximation. We also find that though perturbative correlations decrease with $x$ decreasing, the nonperturbative mechanism kicks in and should generate correlation which, at $x$ below $10^{-3}$, is comparable in magnitude with the perturbative one for $x\sim 0. Read More

In hydrodynamicalmodeling of heavy-ion collisions the initial state spatial anisotropies translate into momentum anisotropies of the final state particle distributions. Thus, understanding the origin of the initial anisotropies and quantifying their uncertainties is important for the extraction of specific QCD matter properties, such as viscosity, from the experimental data. In this work we study the wounded nucleon approach in the Monte Carlo Glauber model framework, focusing especially on the uncertainties which arise from the modeling of the nucleon-nucleon interactions between the colliding nucleon pairs and nucleon-nucleon correlations inside the colliding nuclei. Read More

2012Jun
Authors: J. L. Abelleira Fernandez, C. Adolphsen, A. N. Akay, H. Aksakal, J. L. Albacete, S. Alekhin, P. Allport, V. Andreev, R. B. Appleby, E. Arikan, N. Armesto, G. Azuelos, M. Bai, D. Barber, J. Bartels, O. Behnke, J. Behr, A. S. Belyaev, I. Ben-Zvi, N. Bernard, S. Bertolucci, S. Bettoni, S. Biswal, J. Blümlein, H. Böttcher, A. Bogacz, C. Bracco, G. Brandt, H. Braun, S. Brodsky, O. Brüning, E. Bulyak, A. Buniatyan, H. Burkhardt, I. T. Cakir, O. Cakir, R. Calaga, V. Cetinkaya, E. Ciapala, R. Ciftci, A. K. Ciftci, B. A. Cole, J. C. Collins, O. Dadoun, J. Dainton, A. De. Roeck, D. d'Enterria, A. Dudarev, A. Eide, R. Enberg, E. Eroglu, K. J. Eskola, L. Favart, M. Fitterer, S. Forte, A. Gaddi, P. Gambino, H. García Morales, T. Gehrmann, P. Gladkikh, C. Glasman, R. Godbole, B. Goddard, T. Greenshaw, A. Guffanti, V. Guzey, C. Gwenlan, T. Han, Y. Hao, F. Haug, W. Herr, A. Hervé, B. J. Holzer, M. Ishitsuka, M. Jacquet, B. Jeanneret, J. M. Jimenez, J. M. Jowett, H. Jung, H. Karadeniz, D. Kayran, A. Kilic, K. Kimura, M. Klein, U. Klein, T. Kluge, F. Kocak, M. Korostelev, A. Kosmicki, P. Kostka, H. Kowalski, G. Kramer, D. Kuchler, M. Kuze, T. Lappi, P. Laycock, E. Levichev, S. Levonian, V. N. Litvinenko, A. Lombardi, J. Maeda, C. Marquet, S. J. Maxfield, B. Mellado, K. H. Mess, A. Milanese, S. Moch, I. I. Morozov, Y. Muttoni, S. Myers, S. Nandi, Z. Nergiz, P. R. Newman, T. Omori, J. Osborne, E. Paoloni, Y. Papaphilippou, C. Pascaud, H. Paukkunen, E. Perez, T. Pieloni, E. Pilicer, B. Pire, R. Placakyte, A. Polini, V. Ptitsyn, Y. Pupkov, V. Radescu, S. Raychaudhuri, L. Rinolfi, R. Rohini, J. Rojo, S. Russenschuck, M. Sahin, C. A. Salgado, K. Sampei, R. Sassot, E. Sauvan, U. Schneekloth, T. Schörner-Sadenius, D. Schulte, A. Senol, A. Seryi, P. Sievers, A. N. Skrinsky, W. Smith, H. Spiesberger, A. M. Stasto, M. Strikman, M. Sullivan, S. Sultansoy, Y. P. Sun, B. Surrow, L. Szymanowski, P. Taels, I. Tapan, A. T. Tasci, E. Tassi, H. Ten. Kate, J. Terron, H. Thiesen, L. Thompson, K. Tokushuku, R. Tomás García, D. Tommasini, D. Trbojevic, N. Tsoupas, J. Tuckmantel, S. Turkoz, T. N. Trinh, K. Tywoniuk, G. Unel, J. Urakawa, P. VanMechelen, A. Variola, R. Veness, A. Vivoli, P. Vobly, J. Wagner, R. Wallny, S. Wallon, G. Watt, C. Weiss, U. A. Wiedemann, U. Wienands, F. Willeke, B. -W. Xiao, V. Yakimenko, A. F. Zarnecki, Z. Zhang, F. Zimmermann, R. Zlebcik, F. Zomer

The physics programme and the design are described of a new collider for particle and nuclear physics, the Large Hadron Electron Collider (LHeC), in which a newly built electron beam of 60 GeV, up to possibly 140 GeV, energy collides with the intense hadron beams of the LHC. Compared to HERA, the kinematic range covered is extended by a factor of twenty in the negative four-momentum squared, $Q^2$, and in the inverse Bjorken $x$, while with the design luminosity of $10^{33}$ cm$^{-2}$s$^{-1}$ the LHeC is projected to exceed the integrated HERA luminosity by two orders of magnitude. The physics programme is devoted to an exploration of the energy frontier, complementing the LHC and its discovery potential for physics beyond the Standard Model with high precision deep inelastic scattering measurements. Read More

Applying exact QCD sum rules for the baryon charge and energy-momentum we demonstrate that if nucleons are the only degrees of freedom of nuclear wave function, the structure function of a nucleus would be the additive sum of the nucleon distributions at the same Bjorken x = AQ^2/2(p_Aq)< 0.5 up to very small Fermi motion corrections if x>0.05. Read More