# M. Sargsian - FIU

## Contact Details

NameM. Sargsian |
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AffiliationFIU |
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Location |
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## Pubs By Year |
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## External Links |
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## Pub CategoriesNuclear Theory (39) Nuclear Experiment (35) High Energy Physics - Phenomenology (27) High Energy Physics - Experiment (6) Solar and Stellar Astrophysics (2) High Energy Physics - Lattice (2) |

## Publications Authored By M. Sargsian

We review recent progress in studies of nuclear final-state interactions in deep inelastic scattering (DIS) off the lightest nuclei tagged by a recoil nucleon. These processes hold a lot of potential for resolving the outstanding issues related to the dynamics of hadronization in QCD. Within the minimal Fock component framework, valid at large Bjorken $x$, the main features of the theoretical approach based on the virtual nucleon approximation are elaborated. Read More

**Authors:**S. Ali, L. Allison, M. Amaryan, R. Benimiwattha, A. Camsonne, D. Day, P. Degtiarenko, D. Dutta, R. Ent, J. L. Goity, D. Hamilton, O. Hen, T. Horn, C. Hyde, G. Kalicy, D. Keller, C. Keppel, C. Kim, E. Kinney, P. Kroll, A. Larionov, S. Liuti, M. Mai, A. Mkrtchyan, H. Mkrtchyan, C. Munoz-Camacho, J. Napolitano, G. Niculescu, M. Patsyuk, G. Perera, H. Rashad, J. Roche, M. Sargsian, S. Sirca, I. Strakovsky, M. Strikman, V. Tadevosyan, R. Trotta, R. Uniyal, A. H. Vargas, B. Wojtsekhowski, J. Zhang

**Category:**Nuclear Experiment

This workshop aimed at producing an optimized photon source concept with potential increase of scientific output at Jefferson Lab, and at refining the science for hadron physics experiments benefitting from such a high-intensity photon source. The workshop brought together the communities directly using such sources for photo-production experiments, or for conversion into $K_L$ beams. The combination of high precision calorimetry and high intensity photon sources greatly enhances scientific benefit to (deep) exclusive processes like wide-angle and time-like Compton scattering. Read More

There are polarized structure functions $b_{1-4}$ for the spin-1 deuteron. We calculated the leading-twist tensor structure function $b_1$ by using convolution description for the deuteron. We found large differences between our theoretical functions and HERMES experimental data on $b_1$. Read More

Tensor-polarized structure functions of a spin-1 hadron are additional observables which do not exist for the spin-1/2 nucleon. They could probe novel aspects of internal hadron structure. Twist-2 tensor-polarized structure functions are $b_1$ and $b_2$, and they are related by $2x b_1 =b_2$ in the Bjorken scaling limit. Read More

We discuss the process of deep-inelastic electron scattering (DIS) on the polarized deuteron with detection of a nucleon in the nuclear fragmentation region ("spectator tagging"). We cover (a) the general structure of the semi-inclusive DIS cross section on a spin-1 target; (b) the tagged structure functions in the impulse approximation, where deuteron structure is described by the $NN$ light-front wave function; (c) the extraction of free neutron structure through on-shell extrapolation in the recoil proton momentum. As an application we consider the extraction of the neutron spin structure function $g_{1n}$ through polarized electron scattering on the longitudinally polarized deuteron with proton tagging and on-shell extrapolation. Read More

The recent measurements of high energy photodisintegration of the $^3He$ nucleus to the $pd$ pair at $90^0$ center of mass demonstrated an energy scaling consistent with the quark counting rule with unprecedentedly large exponent of $s^{-17}$. To understand the underlying mechanism of this process we extended the theoretical formalism of hard rescattering mechanism to calculate the $\gamma ^3He\rightarrow pd$ reaction. In HRM the incoming high energy photon strikes a quark from one of the nucleons in the target which subsequently undergoes hard rescattering with the quarks from the other nucleons generating hard two-body system in the final state of the reaction. Read More

We develop a theoretical approach for nuclear spectral functions at high missing momenta and removal energies based on the multi-nucleon short-range correlation~(SRC) model. The approach is based on the effective Feynman diagrammatic method which allows to account for the relativistic effects important in the SRC domain. In addition to two-nucleon SRC with center of mass motion we derive also the contribution of three-nucleon SRCs to the nuclear spectral functions. Read More

We give an overview of a model to describe deep-inelastic scattering (DIS) off the deuteron with a spectator proton, based on the virtual nucleon approximation (VNA). The model accounts for the final-state interactions (FSI) of the DIS debris with the spectator proton. Values of the rescattering cross section are obtained by fits to high-momentum spectator data. Read More

An Electron-Ion Collider (EIC) would enable next-generation measurements of deep-inelastic scattering (DIS) on the deuteron with detection of a forward-moving nucleon (p, n) and measurement of its recoil momentum ("spectator tagging"). Such experiments offer full control of the nuclear configuration during the high-energy process and can be used for precision studies of the neutron's partonic structure and its spin dependence, nuclear modifications of partonic structure, and nuclear shadowing at small x. We review the theoretical description of spectator tagging at EIC energies (light-front nuclear structure, on-shell extrapolation in the recoil nucleon momentum, final-state interactions, diffractive effects at small x) and report about on-going developments. Read More

The recent high-precision measurements of nuclear deep inelastic scattering at high $x$ and moderate $6 < Q^2 < 9$~GeV$^2$ give a rare opportunity to reach the quark distributions in the {\em superfast} region, in which the momentum fraction of the nucleon carried by its constituent quark is larger than the total fraction of the nucleon at rest, $x>1$. We derive the leading-order QCD evolution equation for such quarks with the goal of relating the moderate-$Q^2$ data to the two earlier measurements of superfast quark distributions at large $60 < Q^2 < 200$~GeV$^2$ region. Since the high $Q^2$ measurements gave strongly contradictory estimates of the nuclear effects that generate superfast quarks, relating them to the high-precision, moderate-$Q^2$ data through QCD evolution allows us to clarify this longstanding issue. Read More

The pole extrapolation method is applied to the semi-inclusive inelastic electron scattering off the deuteron with tagged spectator protons to extract the high-x structure function of the neutron. This approach is based on the extrapolation of the measured cross sections at different momenta of the spectator proton to the non-physical pole of the bound neutron in the deuteron. The advantage of the method is in the possibility of suppression of the nuclear effects in a maximally model-independent way. Read More

**Authors:**Nicholas Zachariou, Yordanka Ilieva, Nikolay Ya. Ivanov, Misak M Sargsian, Robert Avakian, Gerald Feldman, Pawel Nadel-Turonski, K. P. Adhikari, D. Adikaram, M. D. Anderson, S. Anefalos Pereira, H. Avakian, R. A. Badui, N. A. Baltzell, M. Battaglieri, V. Baturin, I. Bedlinskiy, A. S. Biselli, W. J. Briscoe, W. K. Brooks, V. D. Burkert, T. Cao, D. S. Carman, A. Celentano, S. Chandavar, G. Charles, L. Colaneri, P. L. Cole, N. Compton, M. Contalbrigo, O. Cortes, V. Crede, A. D'Angelo, R. De Vita, E. De Sanctis, A. Deur, C. Djalali, R. Dupre, H. Egiyan, A. El Alaoui, L. El Fassi, L. Elouadrhiri, G. Fedotov, S. Fegan, A. Filippi, J. A. Fleming, T. A. Forest, A. Fradi, N. Gevorgyan, Y. Ghandilyan, G. P. Gilfoyle, K. L. Giovanetti, F. X. Girod, D. I. Glazier, E. Golovatch, R. W. Gothe, K. A. Griffioen, M. Guidal, K. Hafidi, C. Hanretty, N. Harrison, M. Hattawy, K. Hicks, D. Ho, M. Holtrop, S. M. Hughes, D. G. Ireland, B. S. Ishkhanov, E. L. Isupov, H. Jiang, H. S. Jo, K. Joo, D. Keller, G. Khachatryan, M. Khandaker, A. Kim, W. Kim, F. J. Klein, V. Kubarovsky, P. Lenisa, K. Livingston, H. Y. Lu, I . J . D. MacGregor, N. Markov, P. T. Mattione, B. McKinnon, T. Mineeva, M. Mirazita, V. I. Mokeeev, R. A. Montgomery, H. Moutarde, C. Munoz Camacho, L. A. Net, S. Niccolai, G. Niculescu, I. Niculescu, M. Osipenko, A. I. Ostrovidov, K. Park, E. Pasyuk, W. Phelps, J. J. Phillips, S. Pisano, O. Pogorelko, S. Pozdniakov, J. W. Price, S. Procureur, Y. Prok, D. Protopopescu, A. J. R. Puckett, M. Ripani, A. Rizzo, G. Rosner, P. Rossi, P. Roy, F. SabatiÃ©, C. Salgado, D. Schott, R. A. Schumacher, E. Seder, I. Senderovich, Y. G. Sharabian, Iu. Skorodumina, G. D. Smith, D. I. Sober, D. Sokhan, N. Sparveris, S. Stepanyan, S. Strauch, V. Sytnik, M. Taiuti, Ye Tian, M. Ungaro, H. Voskanyan, E. Voutier, N. K. Walford, D. Watts, X. Wei, M. H. Wood, L. Zana, J. Zhang, Z. W. Zhao, I. Zonta, for the CLAS collaboration

**Category:**Nuclear Experiment

The beam-spin asymmetry, $\Sigma$, for the reaction $\gamma d\rightarrow pn$ has been measured using the CEBAF Large Acceptance Spectrometer (CLAS) at the Thomas Jefferson National Accelerator Facility (JLab) for six photon-energy bins between 1.1 and 2.3 GeV, and proton angles in the center-of-mass frame, $\theta_{c. Read More

We review the recent progress made in studies of deuteron structure at small internucleon distances. This progress is largely facilitated by the new generation of experiments in deuteron electrodisintegration carried out at unprecedentedly high momentum transfer. The theoretical analysis of these data confirms the onset of the high energy eikonal regime in the scattering process which allows one to separate long range nuclear effects from the effects genuinely related to the short distance structure of the deuteron. Read More

**Authors:**O. Hen, M. Sargsian, L. B. Weinstein, E. Piasetzky, H. Hakobyan, D. W. Higinbotham, M. Braverman, W. K. Brooks, S. Gilad, K. P. Adhikari, J. Arrington, G. Asryan, H. Avakian, J. Ball, N. A. Baltzell, M. Battaglieri, A. Beck, S. May-Tal Beck, I. Bedlinskiy, W. Bertozzi, A. Biselli, V. D. Burkert, T. Cao, D. S. Carman, A. Celentano, S. Chandavar, L. Colaneri, P. L. Cole, V. Crede, A. DAngelo, R. De Vita, A. Deur, C. Djalali, D. Doughty, M. Dugger, R. Dupre, H. Egiyan, A. El Alaoui, L. El Fassi, L. Elouadrhiri, G. Fedotov, S. Fegan, T. Forest, B. Garillon, M. Garcon, N. Gevorgyan, Y. Ghandilyan, G. P. Gilfoyle, F. X. Girod, J. T. Goetz, R. W. Gothe, K. A. Griffioen, M. Guidal, L. Guo, K. Hafidi, C. Hanretty, M. Hattawy, K. Hicks, M. Holtrop, C. E. Hyde, Y. Ilieva, D. G. Ireland, B. I. Ishkanov, E. L. Isupov, H. Jiang, H. S. Jo, K. Joo, D. Keller, M. Khandaker, A. Kim, W. Kim, F. J. Klein, S. Koirala, I. Korover, S. E. Kuhn, V. Kubarovsky, P. Lenisa, W. I. Levine, K. Livingston, M. Lowry, H. Y. Lu, I. J. D. MacGregor, N. Markov, M. Mayer, B. McKinnon, T. Mineeva, V. Mokeev, A. Movsisyan, C. Munoz Camacho, B. Mustapha, P. Nadel-Turonski, S. Niccolai, G. Niculescu, I. Niculescu, M. Osipenko, L. L. Pappalardo, R. Paremuzyan, K. Park, E. Pasyuk, W. Phelps, S. Pisano, O. Pogorelko, J. W. Price, S. Procureur, Y. Prok, D. Protopopescu, A. J. R. Puckett, D. Rimal, M. Ripani, B. G. Ritchie, A. Rizzo, G. Rosner, P. Rossi, P. Roy, F. Sabatie, D. Schott, R. A. Schumacher, Y. G. Sharabian, G. D. Smith, R. Shneor, D. Sokhan, S. S. Stepanyan, S. Stepanyan, P. Stoler, S. Strauch, V. Sytnik, M. Taiuti, S. Tkachenko, M. Ungaro, A. V. Vlassov, E. Voutier, D. Watts, N. K. Walford, X. Wei, M. H. Wood, S. A. Wood, N. Zachariou, L. Zana, Z. W. Zhao, X. Zheng, I. Zonta

The atomic nucleus is composed of two different kinds of fermions, protons and neutrons. If the protons and neutrons did not interact, the Pauli exclusion principle would force the majority fermions (usually neutrons) to have a higher average momentum. Our high-energy electron scattering measurements using 12C, 27Al, 56Fe and 208Pb targets show that, even in heavy neutron-rich nuclei, short-range interactions between the fermions form correlated high-momentum neutron-proton pairs. Read More

We investigate dijet production from proton-nucleus collisions at the Large Hadron Collider (LHC) as a means for observing superfast quarks in nuclei with Bjorken $x>1$. Kinematically, superfast quarks can be identified through directly measurable jet kinematics. Dynamically, their description requires understanding several elusive properties of nuclear QCD, such as nuclear forces at very short distances, as well as medium modification of parton distributions in nuclei. Read More

**Authors:**W. U. Boeglin, M. K. Jones, K. Aniol, A. Asaturyan, H. Baghdasaryan, F. Benmokhtar, H. Bitao, S. Danagoulian, D. Day, D. Gaskell, D. Higinbotham, G. Huber, S. Jeschonnek, N. Kalantarians, P. E. Markowitz, A. Mkrtchyan, H. Mkrtchyan, E. Piasetzky, A. Puckett, B. A. Raue, J. Reinhold, G. Ron, M. Sargsian, R. Shneor, G. Smith, R. Subedi, V. Tadevosyan, J. W. Van Orden, F. R. Wesselmann

**Category:**Nuclear Experiment

We propose to measure the D(e,e'p) cross section at $Q^2 = 4.25$ (GeV/c)$^2$ and $x_{bj} = 1.35$ for missing momenta ranging from $p_m = 0. Read More

The possibility of using a tensor polarized deuteron target in electroproduction reactions creates new opportunities for studying different phenomena related to the short-range hadronic and nuclear physics. The use of tensor polarized deuteron allows to isolate smaller than average inter-nucleon distances for the bound two-nucleon system. In this report we consider several of high $Q^2$ reactions which are particularly sensitive to the short-range two-nucleon configurations in the deuteron. Read More

The neutron's deep-inelastic structure functions provide essential information for the flavor separation of the nucleon parton densities, the nucleon spin decomposition, and precision studies of QCD phenomena in the flavor-singlet and nonsinglet sectors. Traditional inclusive measurements on nuclear targets are limited by dilution from scattering on protons, Fermi motion and binding effects, final-state interactions, and nuclear shadowing at x << 0.1. Read More

Background: The high momentum distribution of atoms in two spin-state ultra-cold atomic gases with strong short-range interactions between atoms with different spins, which can be described using Tan's contact, are dominated by short range pairs of different fermions and decreases as $k^{-4}$. In atomic nuclei the momentum distribution of nucleons above the Fermi momentum ($k>k_F \approx 250$ Mev/c) is also dominated by short rangecorrelated different-fermion (neutron-proton) pairs. Purpose: Compare high-momentum unlike-fermion momentum distributions in atomic and nuclear systems. Read More

An Electron-Ion Collider (EIC) with suitable forward detection capabilities would enable a unique experimental program of deep-inelastic scattering (DIS) from polarized light nuclei (deuterium 2H, helium 3He) with spectator nucleon tagging. Such measurements promise significant advances in several key areas of nuclear physics and QCD: (a) neutron spin structure, by using polarized deuterium and eliminating nuclear effects through on-shell extrapolation in the spectator proton momentum; (b) quark/gluon structure of the bound nucleon at x > 0.1 and the dynamical mechanisms acting on it, by measuring the spectator momentum dependence of nuclear structure functions; (c) coherent effects in QCD, by exploring shadowing in tagged DIS on deuterium at x << 0. Read More

Deep-inelastic scattering (DIS) from a tensor polarized deuteron is sensitive to possible non-nucleonic components of the deuteron wave function. To accurately estimate the size of the nucleonic contribution, final-state interactions (FSIs) need to be accounted for in calculations. We outline a model that, based on the diffractive nature of the effective hadron-nucleon interaction, uses the generalized eikonal approximation to model the FSIs in the resonance region, taking into account the proton-neutron component of the deuteron. Read More

Despite the progress made in understanding the NN interactions at long distances based on effective field theories, the understanding of the dynamics of short range NN interactions remains as elusive as ever. One of the most fascinating properties of short range interaction is its repulsive nature which is responsible for the stability of strongly interacting matter. The relevant distances, $\le 0. Read More

We discuss the possible implication of the recent predictions of two new properties of high momentum distribution of nucleons in asymmetric nuclei for neutron star dynamics. The first property is about the approximate scaling relation between proton and neutron high momentum distributions weighted by their relative fractions ($x_p$ and $x_n$) in the nucleus. The second is the existence of inverse proportionality of the high momentum distribution strength of protons and neutrons to $x_{p/n}$. Read More

We explore the role of final-state interactions (FSI) in inclusive deep-inelastic scattering from the deuteron. Relating the inclusive cross section to the deuteron forward virtual Compton scattering amplitude, a general formula for the FSI contribution is derived in the generalized eikonal approximation, utilizing the diffractive nature of the effective hadron-nucleon interaction. The calculation uses a factorized model with a basis of three resonances with mass $W<2$ GeV and a continuum contribution for larger $W$ as the relevant set of effective hadron states entering the final-state interaction amplitude. Read More

**Authors:**B. S. Schlimme, P. Achenbach, C. A. Ayerbe Gayoso, J. C. Bernauer, R. BÃ¶hm, D. Bosnar, Th. Challand, M. O. Distler, L. Doria, F. Fellenberger, H. Fonvieille, M. GÃ³mez RodrÃguez, P. Grabmayr, T. Hehl, W. Heil, D. Kiselev, J. Krimmer, M. Makek, H. Merkel, D. G. Middleton, U. MÃ¼ller, L. Nungesser, B. A. Ott, J. Pochodzalla, M. Potokar, S. SÃ¡nchez Majos, M. M. Sargsian, I. Sick, S. Å irca, M. Weinriefer, M. Wendel, C. J. Yoon

**Category:**Nuclear Experiment

A measurement of beam helicity asymmetries in the reaction 3He(e,e'n)pp has been performed at the Mainz Microtron in quasielastic kinematics in order to determine the electric to magnetic form factor ratio of the neutron, GEn/GMn, at a four momentum transfer Q2 = 1.58 GeV2. Longitudinally polarized electrons were scattered on a highly polarized 3He gas target. Read More

We study vector meson photoproduction from the deuteron at high momentum transfer, accompanied by break-up of the deuteron into a proton and neutron. The large $-t$ involved allows one of the nucleons to be identified as struck, and the other as a spectator to the $\gamma N\rightarrow VN$ subprocess. Corrections to the plane wave impulse approximation involve final state interactions (FSIs) between the struck nucleon or the vector meson, either of which is energetic, with the slow spectator nucleon. Read More

Based on the recent experimental observations of the dominance of tensor interaction in the ~250-600~MeV/c momentum range of nucleons in nuclei, the existence of two new properties for high-momentum distribution of nucleons in asymmetric nuclei is suggested. The first property is the approximate scaling relation between proton and neutron high-momentum distributions weighted by their relative fractions in the nucleus. The second property is the inverse proportionality of the strength of the high-momentum distribution of protons and neutrons to the same relative fractions. Read More

**Authors:**Misak M Sargsian

We overview the progress made in studies of EMC and short range correlation (SRC) effects with the special emphasis given to the recent observation of the correlation between the slope of the EMC ratio at Bjorken x<1 and the scale factor of the same ratio at x>1 that measures the strength of the SRCs in nuclei. This correlation may indicate the larger modification of nucleons with higher momentum thus making the nucleon virtuality as the most relevant parameter of medium modifications. To check this conjecture we study the implication of several properties of high momentum component of the nuclear wave function on the characteristics of EMC effect. Read More

One of the primary goals of nuclear physics is providing a complete description of the structure of atomic nuclei. While mean-field calculations provide detailed information on the nuclear shell structure for a wide range of nuclei, they do not capture the complete structure of nuclei, in particular the impact of small, dense structures in nuclei. The strong, short-range component of the nucleon-nucleon potential yields hard interactions between nucleons which are close together, generating a high-momentum tail to the nucleon momentum distribution, with momenta well in excess of the Fermi momentum. Read More

Recent observations of the strong dominance of proton-neutron (pn) relative to pp and nn short-range correlations (SRCs) in nuclei indicate on possibility of unique new condition for asymmetric high density nuclear matter, in which the pp and nn interactions are suppressed while the pn interactions are enhanced due to tensor interaction. We demonstrate that for sufficiently asymmetric case and high densities the momentum distribution of the smaller p-component is strongly deformed with protons increasingly populating the momentum states beyond the Fermi surface. This result is obtained by extracting the probabilities of two-nucleon (2N) SRCs from the analysis of the experimental data on high momentum transfer inclusive electro-nuclear reactions. Read More

We discuss theoretical issues related to the extraction of deep inelastic~(DIS) structure function of neutron from inclusive DIS scattering off the deuteron at large Bjorken x. Theoretical justification is given to the consideration of only $pn$ component of the deuteron wave function and consistency with both the baryonic number and light-cone momentum conservation sum rules. Next we discuss the EMC type effects and argue that in all cases relevant to the nuclear DIS reactions at large x the main issue is the medium modification of the properties of bound nucleon rather than the non-nucleonic components like pions. Read More

We present work in a model used to describe semi-inclusive deep inelastic scattering off the deuteron. The model uses the virtual nucleon approximation to describe the interaction of the photon with the bound neutron and the generalized eikonal approximation is applied to calculate the final-state interaction diagram. Comparison with data taken at Jefferson Lab shows good agreement in the covered range of kinematics and points at a largely suppressed off-shell rescattering amplitude. Read More

Recent cross section data for the reaction gamma + p \to K^+ + Lambda are examined for evidence of scaling in both the low-t Regge domain and in the high \sqrt{s} and -t domain where constituent counting may apply. It is shown that the reaction does scale in both regimes. At large center of mass angles, s^{-7} scaling appears to hold at essentially all -t, but with angle-dependent oscillations. Read More

Semi-inclusive deep inelastic scattering off the Deuteron with production of a slow nucleon in recoil kinematics is studied in the virtual nucleon approximation, in which the final state interaction (FSI) is calculated within general eikonal approximation. The cross section is derived in a factorized approach, with a factor describing the virtual photon interaction with the off-shell nucleon and a distorted spectral function accounting for the final-state interactions. One of the main goals of the study is to understand how much the general features of the diffractive high energy soft rescattering accounts for the observed features of FSI in deep inelastic scattering(DIS). Read More

The break up of the deuteron is studied at high $Q^2$ kinematics, with main motivation to probe the deuteron at small internucleon distances. For this, two main issues are studied: electromagnetic interaction of the virtual photon with the bound nucleon and the strong interactions of the produced baryons in the final state of the reaction. Within virtual nucleon approximation we developed a new prescription to account for the bound nucleon effects in the electromagnetic interaction. Read More

**Authors:**S. Riordan, S. Abrahamyan, B. Craver, A. Kelleher, A. Kolarkar, J. Miller, G. D. Cates, N. Liyanage, B. Wojtsekhowski, A. Acha, K. Allada, B. Anderson, K. A. Aniol, J. R. M. Annand, J. Arrington, T. Averett, A. Beck, M. Bellis, W. Boeglin, H. Breuer, J. R. Calarco, A. Camsonne, J. P. Chen, E. Chudakov, L. Coman, B. Crowe, F. Cusanno, D. Day, P. Degtyarenko, P. A. M. Dolph, C. Dutta, C. Ferdi, C. Fernandez-Ramirez, R. Feuerbach, L. M. Fraile, G. Franklin, S. Frullani, S. Fuchs, F. Garibaldi, N. Gevorgyan, R. Gilman, A. Glamazdin, J. Gomez, K. Grimm, J. O. Hansen, J. L. Herraiz, D. W. Higinbotham, R. Holmes, T. Holmstrom, D. Howell, C. W. deJager, X. Jiang, M. K. Jones, J. Katich, L. J. Kaufman, M. Khandaker, J. J. Kelly, D. Kiselev, W. Korsch, J. LeRose, R. Lindgren, P. Markowitz, D. J. Margaziotis, S. May-Tal Beck, S. Mayilyan, K. McCormick, Z. E. Meziani, R. Michaels, B. Moffit, S. Nanda, V. Nelyubin, T. Ngo, D. M. Nikolenko, B. Norum, L. Pentchev, C. F. Perdrisat, E. Piasetzky, R. Pomatsalyuk, D. Protopopescu, A. J. R. Puckett, V. A. Punjabi, X. Qian, Y. Qiang, B. Quinn, I. Rachek, R. D. Ransome, P. E. Reimer, B. Reitz, J. Roche, G. Ron, O. Rondon, G. Rosner, A. Saha, M. Sargsian, B. Sawatzky, J. Segal, M. Shabestari, A. Shahinyan, Yu. Shestakov, J. Singh, S. Sirca, P. Souder, S. Stepanyan, V. Stibunov, V. Sulkosky, S. Tajima, W. A. Tobias, J. M. Udias, G. M. Urciuoli, B. Vlahovic, H. Voskanyan, K. Wang, F. R. Wesselmann, J. R. Vignote, S. A. Wood, J. Wright, H. Yao, X. Zhu

**Category:**Nuclear Experiment

The electric form factor of the neutron was determined from studies of the reaction He3(e,e'n)pp in quasi-elastic kinematics in Hall A at Jefferson Lab. Longitudinally polarized electrons were scattered off a polarized target in which the nuclear polarization was oriented perpendicular to the momentum transfer. The scattered electrons were detected in a magnetic spectrometer in coincidence with neutrons that were registered in a large-solid-angle detector. Read More

We study high energy photodisintegration of the deuteron into two $\Delta$-isobars at large center of mass angles within the QCD hard rescattering model (HRM). According to the HRM, the process develops in three main steps: the photon knocks the quark from one of the nucleons in the deuteron; the struck quark rescatters off a quark from the other nucleon sharing the high energy of the photon; then the energetic quarks recombine into two outgoing baryons which have large transverse momenta. Within the HRM, the cross section is expressed through the amplitude of $pn\rightarrow \Delta\Delta$ scattering which we evaluated based on the quark-interchange model of hard hadronic scattering. Read More

The two-body break up of the deuteron is studied at high $Q^2$ kinematics, with main motivation to probe the deuteron at small internucleon distances. Such studies are associated with the probing of high momentum component of the deuteron wave function. For this, two main theoretical issues have been addressed such as electromagnetic interaction of the virtual photon with the bound nucleon and the strong interaction of produced baryons in the final state of the break-up reaction. Read More

We investigate an asymmetry in the angular distribution of hard elastic proton-neutron scattering with respect to 90deg center of mass scattering angle. We demonstrate that the magnitude of the angular asymmetry is related to the helicity-isospin symmetry of the quark wave function of the nucleon. Our estimate of the asymmetry within the quark-interchange model of hard scattering demonstrates that the quark wave function of a nucleon based on the exact SU(6) symmetry predicts an angular asymmetry opposite to that of experimental observations. Read More

**Affiliations:**

^{1}TAU,

^{2}FIU,

^{3}PSU

**Category:**Nuclear Theory

We summarize recent progress in the studies of the short-rang correlations (SRC) in nuclei in high energy electron and hadron nucleus scattering and suggest directions for the future high energy studies aimed at establishing detailed structure of two-nucleon SRCs, revealing structure of three nucleon SRC correlations and discovering non-nucleonic degrees of freedom in nuclei. Read More

We investigate a large angle photodisintegration of two nucleons from the $^3$He nucleus within the framework of the hard rescattering model (HRM). In the HRM a quark of one nucleon knocked out by an incoming photon rescatters with a quark of the other nucleon leading to the production of two nucleons with large relative momentum. Assuming the dominance of the quark-interchange mechanism in a hard NN scattering, the HRM allows to express the amplitude of a two-nucleon break-up reaction through the convolution of photon-quark scattering, $NN$ hard scattering amplitude and nuclear spectral function. Read More

We discus recent developments in theory of high energy two-body break-up of few-nucleon systems. The characteristics of these reactions are such that the hard two-body quasielastic subprocess can be clearly separated from the accompanying soft subprocesses. We discuss in details the hard rescattering model(HRM) in which hard photodisintegration develops in two stages. Read More

Novel processes probing the decay of nucleus after removal of a nucleon with momentum larger than Fermi momentum by hard probes finally proved unambiguously the evidence for long sought presence of short-range correlations (SRCs) in nuclei. In combination with the analysis of large $Q^2$, A(e,e')X processes at $x>1$ they allow us to conclude that (i) practically all nucleons with momenta $\ge$ 300 MeV/c belong to SRCs, consisting mostly of two nucleons, ii) probability of such SRCs in medium and heavy nuclei is $\sim 25%$, iii) a fast removal of such nucleon practically always leads to emission of correlated nucleon with approximately opposite momentum, iv) proton removal from two-nucleon SRCs in 90% of cases is accompanied by a removal of a neutron and only in 10% by a removal of another proton. We explain that observed absolute probabilities and the isospin structure of two nucleon SRCs confirm the important role that tensor forces play in internucleon interactions. Read More

We discus recent developments in theory of high energy two-body break-up reactions of few-nucleon systems. The characteristics of these reactions are such that the hard two-body quasielastic subprocess can be clearly separated from the accompanying soft subprocesses. We discuss in details the hard rescattering model (HRM) in which hard photodisintegration develops in two stages. Read More

We analyze recent data from high-momentum-transfer $(p,pp)$ and $(p,ppn)$ reactions on Carbon. For this analysis, the two-nucleon short-range correlation (NN-SRC) model for backward nucleon emission is extended to include the motion of the NN-pair in the mean field. The model is found to describe major characteristics of the data. Read More

**Affiliations:**

^{1}FIU,

^{2}PSU

**Category:**High Energy Physics - Phenomenology

We present a model independent procedure for extracting deep-inelastic structure function of "free'' neutron from the electron - deuteron scattering with protons produced in the target fragmentation region of the reaction. This procedure is based on the extrapolation of t, which describes the invariant momentum transfered to the proton, to the unphysical region corresponding to the mass of the struck neutron. We demonstrate that the impulse approximation diagram of the reaction has a pole at this limit with a residue being proportional to the "free" neutron structure function. Read More

We analyze the cross section for vector meson photo-production off a deuteron for the intermediate range of photon energies starting at a few GeVs above the threshold and higher. We reproduce the steps in the derivation of the conventional non-relativistic Glauber expression based on an effective diagrammatic method while making corrections for Fermi motion and intermediate energy kinematic effects. We show that, for intermediate energy vector meson production, the usual Glauber factorization breaks down and we derive corrections to the usual Glauber method to linear order in longitudinal nucleon momentum. Read More

**Authors:**K. S. Egiyan

^{1}, N. B. Dashyan

^{2}, M. M. Sargsian

^{3}, M. I. Strikman

^{4}, L. B. Weinstein

^{5}, CLAS Collaboration

**Affiliations:**

^{1}Yerevan Physics Institute,

^{2}Yerevan Physics Institute,

^{3}Florida State University,

^{4}Pennsylvania State University,

^{5}Old Dominion University

**Category:**Nuclear Experiment

The ratios of inclusive electron scattering cross sections of He4, C12 and Fe56 to He3 have been measured at 1 < x_B < 3. At Q^2 > 1.4 GeV^2, the ratios exhibit two separate plateaus, at 1. Read More

Based on the theoretical framework of generalized eikonal approximation we study the two-nucleon emission reactions in high $Q^2$ electro-disintegration of $^3He$. Main aim is to investigate those features of the reaction which can be unambiguously identified with the short range properties of the ground state nuclear wave function. To evaluate the differential cross section we work in the formalism of the decay function which characterizes the property of the ground state wave function as well as the decay properties of final two nucleon spectator system. Read More

We develop a theoretical framework for calculation of high $Q^2$ exclusive electro-disintegration of A=3 systems. The main result of this work is the calculation of the final state interaction of the struck energetic nucleon with recoil nucleons within the generalized eikonal approximation (GEA) which allows us to account for the finite and relatively large momenta of the bound nucleons in the nucleus. The important advantage of this approach is the possibility to study in a self-consistent way the short range correlations in nuclei. Read More