M. Roellig - KOSMA

M. Roellig
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M. Roellig
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KOSMA
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Astrophysics of Galaxies (9)
 
Astrophysics (7)
 
Cosmology and Nongalactic Astrophysics (7)

Publications Authored By M. Roellig

Photon Dominated Regions (PDRs) are interfaces between the mainly ionized and mainly molecular material around young massive stars. Analysis of the physical and chemical structure of such regions traces the impact of far-ultraviolet radiation of young massive stars on their environment. We present results on the physical and chemical structure of the prototypical high UV-illumination edge-on Orion Bar PDR from an unbiased spectral line survey with a wide spectral coverage. Read More

2016Apr
Affiliations: 1LAB, UMR 5804, Floirac, France, 2LAB, UMR 5804, Floirac, France, 3IRFU/SAp CEA/DSM, Laboratoire AIM CNRS, 4LAB, UMR 5804, Floirac, France, 5IRFU/SAp CEA/DSM, Laboratoire AIM CNRS, 6Dep. of Physics, West Virginia University, USA, 7IRFU/SAp CEA/DSM, Laboratoire AIM CNRS, 8ESO, Santiago, Chile, 9IRFU/SAp CEA/DSM, Laboratoire AIM CNRS, 10Dep. of Physics and Astronomy, University of Victoria, Canada, 11Astrophysics Group, University of Exeter, UK, 12INAF Osservatorio Astronomico di Palermo, Italy, 13IRFU/SAp CEA/DSM, Laboratoire AIM CNRS, 14Joint ALMA Observatory, Santiago, Chile, 15IRFU/SAp CEA/DSM, Laboratoire AIM CNRS, 16ESAC/ESA, Villanueva de la Canada, Spain, 17IRFU/SAp CEA/DSM, Laboratoire AIM CNRS, 18INAF-ORA, Bologna, Italy, 19I. Physik. Institut, University of Cologne, Germany, 20IRFU/SAp CEA/DSM, Laboratoire AIM CNRS, 21INAF-IAPS, Roma, Italy, 22Maison de la Simulation, CEA-CNRS-INRIA-UPS-UVSQ, CEA Saclay, France, 23Dep. of Physics & Astronomy, The Open University, Milton Keynes, UK, 24Centre for Astrophysics Research, University of Hertfordshire, UK

The radiative feedback of massive stars on molecular clouds creates pillars, globules and other features at the interface between the HII region and molecular cloud. We present here Herschel observations between 70 and 500 micron of the immediate environment of the Cygnus OB2 association, performed within the HOBYS program. All structures were detected based on their appearance at 70 micron, and have been classified as pillars, globules, evaporating gasous globules (EGGs), proplyd-like objects, and condensations. Read More

We aim to understand the contribution of the ionized, atomic and molecular phases of the ISM to the [CII] emission from clouds near the dynamical center and the BCLMP302 HII region in the north of the nearby galaxy M33 at a spatial resolution of 50pc. We combine high resolution [CII] spectra taken with the HIFI spectrometer onboard the Herschel satellite with [CII] Herschel-PACS maps and ground-based observations of CO(2-1) and HI. All data are at a common spatial resolution of 50pc. Read More

We study the wavelength dependence of the dust emission as a function of position and environment across the disk of M33 at a linear resolution of 160 pc using Spitzer and Herschel photometric data. Expressing the emissivity of the dust as a power law, the power-law exponent (beta) is estimated from two independent approaches designed to properly treat the degeneracy between beta and the dust temperature. Both beta and the dust temperature are higher in the inner disk than in the outer disk, contrary to reported beta-T anti-correlations found in other sources. Read More

We aim to better understand the heating of the gas by observing the prominent gas cooling line [CII] at 158um in the low-metallicity environment of the Local Group spiral galaxy M33 at scales of 280pc. In particular, we aim at describing the variation of the photoelectric heating efficiency with galactic environment. In this unbiased study, we used ISO/LWS [CII] observations along the major axis of M33, in combination with Herschel PACS and SPIRE continuum maps, IRAM 30m CO 2-1 and VLA HI data to study the variation of velocity integrated intensities. Read More

The abundances of interstellar CH+ and SH+ are not well understood as their most likely formation channels are highly endothermic. Using data from Herschel, we study the formation of CH+ and SH+ in a typical high UV-illumination photon-dominated region (PDR), the Orion Bar. Herschel/HIFI provides velocity-resolved data of CH+ 1-0 and 2-1 and three hyperfine transitions of SH+. Read More

(Abridged) The 30 Dor region in the Large Magellanic Cloud (LMC) is the most vigorous star-forming region in the Local Group. Star formation in this region is taking place in low-metallicity molecular gas that is exposed to an extreme far--ultraviolet (FUV) radiation field powered by the massive compact star cluster R136. We used the NANTEN2 telescope to obtain high-angular resolution observations of the 12CO 4-3, 7-6, and 13CO 4-3 rotational lines and [CI] 3P1-3P0 and 3P2-3P1 fine-structure submillimeter transitions in 30Dor-10, the brightest CO and FIR-emitting cloud at the center of the 30Dor region. Read More

2012Jan
Affiliations: 1OBSPM-LERMA, 2Marseille, 3IRAM, 4Athens, 5Bonn, 6Bordeaux, 7IRAM, 8Amherst, 9IRAM, 10Leiden, 11CSIRO, 12Caltech, 13IRAM, 14Granada, 15KOSMA, 16Cornell, 17Heidelberg, 18Hawaii, 19Groningen, 20Leiden, 21Granada

Power spectra of de-projected images of late-type galaxies in gas and/or dust emission are very useful diagnostics of the dynamics and stability of their interstellar medium. Previous studies have shown that the power spectra can be approximated as two power-laws, a shallow one at large scales (larger than 500 pc) and a steeper one at small scales, with the break between the two corresponding to the line-of-sight thickness of the galaxy disk. We present a thorough analysis of the power spectra of the dust and gas emission at several wavelengths in the nearby galaxy M33. Read More

2011Dec
Affiliations: 1SRON Groningen, 2Cologne, 3Groningen, 4Grenoble, 5Cologne, 6Michigan

The clumpy density structure of photon-dominated regions is well established, but the physical properties of the clumps and of the surrounding interclump medium are only approximately known. The aim of this paper is to constrain the physical and chemical conditions in the Orion Bar, a prototypical nearby photon-dominated region. We present observations of the HF J=1-0 line, which appears in emission toward the Orion Bar, and compare the brightness of the line to non-LTE radiative transfer calculations. Read More

Context: The emission line of [CII] at 158 micron is one of the strongest cooling lines of the interstellar medium (ISM) in galaxies. Aims: Disentangling the relative contributions of the different ISM phases to [CII] emission, is a major topic of the HerM33es program, a Herschel key project to study the ISM in the nearby spiral galaxy M33. Methods: Using PACS, we have mapped the emission of [CII] 158 micron, [OI] 63 micron, and other FIR lines in a 2'x2' region of the northern spiral arm of M33, centered on the HII region BCLMP302. Read More

We present observations of the rotational ortho-water ground transition, the two lowest para-water transitions, and the ground transition of ionised ortho-water in the archetypal starburst galaxy M82, performed with the HIFI instrument on the Herschel Space Observatory. These observations are the first detections of the para-H2O(111-000) (1113\,GHz) and ortho-H2O+(111-000) (1115\,GHz) lines in an extragalactic source. All three water lines show different spectral line profiles, underlining the need for high spectral resolution in interpreting line formation processes. Read More

We present an analysis of the first space-based far-IR-submm observations of M 33, which measure the emission from the cool dust and resolve the giant molecular cloud complexes. With roughly half-solar abundances, M33 is a first step towards young low-metallicity galaxies where the submm may be able to provide an alternative to CO mapping to measure their H$_2$ content. In this Letter, we measure the dust emission cross-section $\sigma$ using SPIRE and recent CO and \HI\ observations; a variation in $\sigma$ is present from a near-solar neighborhood cross-section to about half-solar with the maximum being south of the nucleus. Read More

Within the framework of the HERM33ES key project, we are studying the star forming interstellar medium in the nearby, metal-poor spiral galaxy M33, exploiting the high resolution and sensitivity of Herschel. We use PACS and SPIRE maps at 100, 160, 250, 350, and 500 micron wavelength, to study the variation of the spectral energy distributions (SEDs) with galacto-centric distance. Detailed SED modeling is performed using azimuthally averaged fluxes in elliptical rings of 2 kpc width, out to 8 kpc galacto-centric distance. Read More

We present high resolution large scale observations of the molecular and atomic gas in the Local Group Galaxy M33. The observations were carried out using the HERA at the 30m IRAM telescope in the CO(2-1) line achieving a resolution of 12"x2.6 km/s, enabling individual GMCs to be resolved. Read More

Almost all properties of a photodissociation region (PDR) depend on its metallicity. The heating and cooling efficiencies that determine the temperature of the gas and dust, the dust composition, as well as the elemental abundances that influence the chemical structure of the PDR are just three examples that demonstrate the importance of metallicity effects in PDRs. PDRs are often associated with sites of star formation. Read More

Studying molecular gas in the central regions of the star burst galaxies NGC4945 and Circinus enables us to characterize the physical conditions and compare them to previous local and high-z studies. We estimate temperature, molecular density and column densities of CO and atomic carbon. Using model predictions we give a range of estimated CO/C abundance ratios. Read More

The Carina region is an excellent astrophysical laboratory for studying the feedback mechanisms of newly born, very massive stars within their natal giant molecular clouds (GMCs) at only 2.35 kpc distance. We use a clumpy PDR model to analyse the observed intensities of atomic carbon and CO and to derive the excitation conditions of the gas. Read More

2007Feb
Affiliations: 1Institut fuer Physik und ihre Didaktik, University of Koeln, 2Max-Planck-Institut fuer Radioastronomie, Bonn, 3Max-Planck-Institut fuer Radioastronomie, Bonn, 4Purple Mountain Observatory, Nanjing, 5Argelander-Institut fuer Astronomie, University of Bonn, 6Instituto de Radioastronomia Milimetrica, Granada
Category: Astrophysics

To study the properties of the interstellar medium in the prototypical merging system of the Antennae galaxies (NGC 4038 and NGC 4039), we have obtained CO(1-0), (2-1) and (3-2) line maps, as well as a map of the 870 micron continuum emission. Our results are analysed in conjunction with data from X-ray to radio wavelengths. In order to distinguish between exact coincidence and merely close correspondence of emission features, we compare the morphological structure of the different emission components at the highest available angular resolution. Read More

We present a comparison between independent computer codes, modeling the physics and chemistry of interstellar photon dominated regions (PDRs). Our goal was to understand the mutual differences in the PDR codes and their effects on the physical and chemical structure of the model clouds, and to converge the output of different codes to a common solution. A number of benchmark models have been created, covering low and high gas densities and far ultraviolet intensities. Read More

Stars form in the densest, coldest, most quiescent regions of molecular clouds. Molecules provide the only probes which can reveal the dynamics, physics, chemistry and evolution of these regions, but our understanding of the molecular inventory of sources and how this is related to their physical state and evolution is rudimentary and incomplete. The Spectral Legacy Survey (SLS) is one of seven surveys recently approved by the JCMT Board. Read More

2006Jun
Affiliations: 1KOSMA, Universitaet zu Koeln, Cologne, Germany;, 2KOSMA, Universitaet zu Koeln, Cologne, Germany;, 3KOSMA, Universitaet zu Koeln, Cologne, Germany;, 4KOSMA, Universitaet zu Koeln, Cologne, Germany;
Category: Astrophysics

Aim: The aim of the paper is to understand the emission from the photon dominated regions in Cepheus B, estimate the column densities of neutral carbon in bulk of the gas in Cepheus B and to derive constraints on the factors which determine the abundance of neutral carbon relative to CO. Methods: This paper presents 15'x15' fully sampled maps of CI at 492 GHz and 12CO 4-3 observed with KOSMA at 1' resolution. The new observations have been combined with the FCRAO 12CO 1-0, IRAM-30m 13CO 2-1 and C18O 1-0 data, and far-infrared continuum data from HIRES/IRAS. Read More