# M. N. Rebelo - University Wien and CFIF-IST, Lisbon

## Contact Details

NameM. N. Rebelo |
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AffiliationUniversity Wien and CFIF-IST, Lisbon |
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CityLisbon |
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CountryPortugal |
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## Pubs By Year |
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## External Links |
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## Pub CategoriesHigh Energy Physics - Phenomenology (48) High Energy Physics - Experiment (3) Quantitative Biology - Tissues and Organs (1) Physics - Biological Physics (1) Mathematics - Numerical Analysis (1) |

## Publications Authored By M. N. Rebelo

We point out that leptonic weak-basis invariants are an important tool for the study of the properties of lepton flavour models. In particular, we show that appropriately chosen invariants can give a clear indication of whether a particular lepton flavour model favours normal or inverted hierarchy for neutrino masses and what is the octant of $\theta_{23}$. These invariants can be evaluated in any conveniently chosen weak-basis and can also be expressed in terms of neutrino masses, charged lepton masses, mixing angles and CP violation phases. Read More

For a class of tempered fractional terminal value problems of the Caputo type, we study the existence and uniqueness of the solution, analyse the continuous dependence on the given data and using a shooting method, we present and discuss three numerical schemes for the numerical approximation of such problems. Some numerical examples are considered in order to illustrate the theoretical results and evidence the efficiency of the numerical methods. Read More

We point out that in the Standard Model (SM) there is no explanation why $|V_{23}|^2 + |V_{13}|^2$ is of order $10^{-3}$. A framework is described for explaining this small mixing, involving the introduction of vector-like quarks. A symmetry is introduced so that at a first stage $V_{CKM} = 1\>\!\!\!\mathrm{I}$ and only the third generation of quarks acquires a mass. Read More

The talk summarises work done by the authors consisting of a detailed study of the possible vacua in models with three Higgs doublets with $S_3$ symmetry and without explicit CP violation. Different vacua require special regions of the parameter space which were analysed in our work. We establish the possibility of spontaneous CP violation in this framework and we also show which complex vacua conserve CP. Read More

For models with several Higgs doublets we present an alternative method to the one proposed by Branco, Gerard and Grimus, in 1984, to check whether or not CP is spontaneously violated in the Higgs potential. The previous method is powerful and rigorous. It requires the identification of a matrix $U$ corresponding to a symmetry of the Lagrangian and verifying a simple relation involving the vacuum expectation values. Read More

**Authors:**D. de Florian

^{1}, C. Grojean

^{2}, F. Maltoni

^{3}, C. Mariotti

^{4}, A. Nikitenko

^{5}, M. Pieri

^{6}, P. Savard

^{7}, M. Schumacher

^{8}, R. Tanaka

^{9}, R. Aggleton

^{10}, M. Ahmad

^{11}, B. Allanach

^{12}, C. Anastasiou

^{13}, W. Astill

^{14}, S. Badger

^{15}, M. Badziak

^{16}, J. Baglio

^{17}, E. Bagnaschi

^{18}, A. Ballestrero

^{19}, A. Banfi

^{20}, D. Barducci

^{21}, M. Beckingham

^{22}, C. Becot

^{23}, G. Bélanger

^{24}, J. Bellm

^{25}, N. Belyaev

^{26}, F. U. Bernlochner

^{27}, C. Beskidt

^{28}, A. Biekötter

^{29}, F. Bishara

^{30}, W. Bizon

^{31}, N. E. Bomark

^{32}, M. Bonvini

^{33}, S. Borowka

^{34}, V. Bortolotto

^{35}, S. Boselli

^{36}, F. J. Botella

^{37}, R. Boughezal

^{38}, G. C. Branco

^{39}, J. Brehmer

^{40}, L. Brenner

^{41}, S. Bressler

^{42}, I. Brivio

^{43}, A. Broggio

^{44}, H. Brun

^{45}, G. Buchalla

^{46}, C. D. Burgard

^{47}, A. Calandri

^{48}, L. Caminada

^{49}, R. Caminal Armadans

^{50}, F. Campanario

^{51}, J. Campbell

^{52}, F. Caola

^{53}, C. M. Carloni Calame

^{54}, S. Carrazza

^{55}, A. Carvalho

^{56}, M. Casolino

^{57}, O. Cata

^{58}, A. Celis

^{59}, F. Cerutti

^{60}, N. Chanon

^{61}, M. Chen

^{62}, X. Chen

^{63}, B. Chokoufé Nejad

^{64}, N. Christensen

^{65}, M. Ciuchini

^{66}, R. Contino

^{67}, T. Corbett

^{68}, R. Costa

^{69}, D. Curtin

^{70}, M. Dall'Osso

^{71}, A. David

^{72}, S. Dawson

^{73}, J. de Blas

^{74}, W. de Boer

^{75}, P. de Castro Manzano

^{76}, C. Degrande

^{77}, R. L. Delgado

^{78}, F. Demartin

^{79}, A. Denner

^{80}, B. Di Micco

^{81}, R. Di Nardo

^{82}, S. Dittmaier

^{83}, A. Dobado

^{84}, T. Dorigo

^{85}, F. A. Dreyer

^{86}, M. Dührssen

^{87}, C. Duhr

^{88}, F. Dulat

^{89}, K. Ecker

^{90}, K. Ellis

^{91}, U. Ellwanger

^{92}, C. Englert

^{93}, D. Espriu

^{94}, A. Falkowski

^{95}, L. Fayard

^{96}, R. Feger

^{97}, G. Ferrera

^{98}, A. Ferroglia

^{99}, N. Fidanza

^{100}, T. Figy

^{101}, M. Flechl

^{102}, D. Fontes

^{103}, S. Forte

^{104}, P. Francavilla

^{105}, E. Franco

^{106}, R. Frederix

^{107}, A. Freitas

^{108}, F. F. Freitas

^{109}, F. Frensch

^{110}, S. Frixione

^{111}, B. Fuks

^{112}, E. Furlan

^{113}, S. Gadatsch

^{114}, J. Gao

^{115}, Y. Gao

^{116}, M. V. Garzelli

^{117}, T. Gehrmann

^{118}, R. Gerosa

^{119}, M. Ghezzi

^{120}, D. Ghosh

^{121}, S. Gieseke

^{122}, D. Gillberg

^{123}, G. F. Giudice

^{124}, E. W. N. Glover

^{125}, F. Goertz

^{126}, D. Gonçalves

^{127}, J. Gonzalez-Fraile

^{128}, M. Gorbahn

^{129}, S. Gori

^{130}, C. A. Gottardo

^{131}, M. Gouzevitch

^{132}, P. Govoni

^{133}, D. Gray

^{134}, M. Grazzini

^{135}, N. Greiner

^{136}, A. Greljo

^{137}, J. Grigo

^{138}, A. V. Gritsan

^{139}, R. Gröber

^{140}, S. Guindon

^{141}, H. E. Haber

^{142}, C. Han

^{143}, T. Han

^{144}, R. Harlander

^{145}, M. A. Harrendorf

^{146}, H. B. Hartanto

^{147}, C. Hays

^{148}, S. Heinemeyer

^{149}, G. Heinrich

^{150}, M. Herrero

^{151}, F. Herzog

^{152}, B. Hespel

^{153}, V. Hirschi

^{154}, S. Hoeche

^{155}, S. Honeywell

^{156}, S. J. Huber

^{157}, C. Hugonie

^{158}, J. Huston

^{159}, A. Ilnicka

^{160}, G. Isidori

^{161}, B. Jäger

^{162}, M. Jaquier

^{163}, S. P. Jones

^{164}, A. Juste

^{165}, S. Kallweit

^{166}, A. Kaluza

^{167}, A. Kardos

^{168}, A. Karlberg

^{169}, Z. Kassabov

^{170}, N. Kauer

^{171}, D. I. Kazakov

^{172}, M. Kerner

^{173}, W. Kilian

^{174}, F. Kling

^{175}, K. Köneke

^{176}, R. Kogler

^{177}, R. Konoplich

^{178}, S. Kortner

^{179}, S. Kraml

^{180}, C. Krause

^{181}, F. Krauss

^{182}, M. Krawczyk

^{183}, A. Kulesza

^{184}, S. Kuttimalai

^{185}, R. Lane

^{186}, A. Lazopoulos

^{187}, G. Lee

^{188}, P. Lenzi

^{189}, I. M. Lewis

^{190}, Y. Li

^{191}, S. Liebler

^{192}, J. Lindert

^{193}, X. Liu

^{194}, Z. Liu

^{195}, F. J. Llanes-Estrada

^{196}, H. E. Logan

^{197}, D. Lopez-Val

^{198}, I. Low

^{199}, G. Luisoni

^{200}, P. Maierhöfer

^{201}, E. Maina

^{202}, B. Mansoulié

^{203}, H. Mantler

^{204}, M. Mantoani

^{205}, A. C. Marini

^{206}, V. I. Martinez Outschoorn

^{207}, S. Marzani

^{208}, D. Marzocca

^{209}, A. Massironi

^{210}, K. Mawatari

^{211}, J. Mazzitelli

^{212}, A. McCarn

^{213}, B. Mellado

^{214}, K. Melnikov

^{215}, S. B. Menari

^{216}, L. Merlo

^{217}, C. Meyer

^{218}, P. Milenovic

^{219}, K. Mimasu

^{220}, S. Mishima

^{221}, B. Mistlberger

^{222}, S. -O. Moch

^{223}, A. Mohammadi

^{224}, P. F. Monni

^{225}, G. Montagna

^{226}, M. Moreno Llácer

^{227}, N. Moretti

^{228}, S. Moretti

^{229}, L. Motyka

^{230}, A. Mück

^{231}, M. Mühlleitner

^{232}, S. Munir

^{233}, P. Musella

^{234}, P. Nadolsky

^{235}, D. Napoletano

^{236}, M. Nebot

^{237}, C. Neu

^{238}, M. Neubert

^{239}, R. Nevzorov

^{240}, O. Nicrosini

^{241}, J. Nielsen

^{242}, K. Nikolopoulos

^{243}, J. M. No

^{244}, C. O'Brien

^{245}, T. Ohl

^{246}, C. Oleari

^{247}, T. Orimoto

^{248}, D. Pagani

^{249}, C. E. Pandini

^{250}, A. Papaefstathiou

^{251}, A. S. Papanastasiou

^{252}, G. Passarino

^{253}, B. D. Pecjak

^{254}, M. Pelliccioni

^{255}, G. Perez

^{256}, L. Perrozzi

^{257}, F. Petriello

^{258}, G. Petrucciani

^{259}, E. Pianori

^{260}, F. Piccinini

^{261}, M. Pierini

^{262}, A. Pilkington

^{263}, S. Plätzer

^{264}, T. Plehn

^{265}, R. Podskubka

^{266}, C. T. Potter

^{267}, S. Pozzorini

^{268}, K. Prokofiev

^{269}, A. Pukhov

^{270}, I. Puljak

^{271}, M. Queitsch-Maitland

^{272}, J. Quevillon

^{273}, D. Rathlev

^{274}, M. Rauch

^{275}, E. Re

^{276}, M. N. Rebelo

^{277}, D. Rebuzzi

^{278}, L. Reina

^{279}, C. Reuschle

^{280}, J. Reuter

^{281}, M. Riembau

^{282}, F. Riva

^{283}, A. Rizzi

^{284}, T. Robens

^{285}, R. Röntsch

^{286}, J. Rojo

^{287}, J. C. Romão

^{288}, N. Rompotis

^{289}, J. Roskes

^{290}, R. Roth

^{291}, G. P. Salam

^{292}, R. Salerno

^{293}, M. O. P. Sampaio

^{294}, R. Santos

^{295}, V. Sanz

^{296}, J. J. Sanz-Cillero

^{297}, H. Sargsyan

^{298}, U. Sarica

^{299}, P. Schichtel

^{300}, J. Schlenk

^{301}, T. Schmidt

^{302}, C. Schmitt

^{303}, M. Schönherr

^{304}, U. Schubert

^{305}, M. Schulze

^{306}, S. Sekula

^{307}, M. Sekulla

^{308}, E. Shabalina

^{309}, H. S. Shao

^{310}, J. Shelton

^{311}, C. H. Shepherd-Themistocleous

^{312}, S. Y. Shim

^{313}, F. Siegert

^{314}, A. Signer

^{315}, J. P. Silva

^{316}, L. Silvestrini

^{317}, M. Sjodahl

^{318}, P. Slavich

^{319}, M. Slawinska

^{320}, L. Soffi

^{321}, M. Spannowsky

^{322}, C. Speckner

^{323}, D. M. Sperka

^{324}, M. Spira

^{325}, O. Stål

^{326}, F. Staub

^{327}, T. Stebel

^{328}, T. Stefaniak

^{329}, M. Steinhauser

^{330}, I. W. Stewart

^{331}, M. J. Strassler

^{332}, J. Streicher

^{333}, D. M. Strom

^{334}, S. Su

^{335}, X. Sun

^{336}, F. J. Tackmann

^{337}, K. Tackmann

^{338}, A. M. Teixeira

^{339}, R. Teixeira de Lima

^{340}, V. Theeuwes

^{341}, R. Thorne

^{342}, D. Tommasini

^{343}, P. Torrielli

^{344}, M. Tosi

^{345}, F. Tramontano

^{346}, Z. Trócsányi

^{347}, M. Trott

^{348}, I. Tsinikos

^{349}, M. Ubiali

^{350}, P. Vanlaer

^{351}, W. Verkerke

^{352}, A. Vicini

^{353}, L. Viliani

^{354}, E. Vryonidou

^{355}, D. Wackeroth

^{356}, C. E. M. Wagner

^{357}, J. Wang

^{358}, S. Wayand

^{359}, G. Weiglein

^{360}, C. Weiss

^{361}, M. Wiesemann

^{362}, C. Williams

^{363}, J. Winter

^{364}, D. Winterbottom

^{365}, R. Wolf

^{366}, M. Xiao

^{367}, L. L. Yang

^{368}, R. Yohay

^{369}, S. P. Y. Yuen

^{370}, G. Zanderighi

^{371}, M. Zaro

^{372}, D. Zeppenfeld

^{373}, R. Ziegler

^{374}, T. Zirke

^{375}, J. Zupan

^{376}

**Affiliations:**

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This Report summarizes the results of the activities of the LHC Higgs Cross Section Working Group in the period 2014-2016. The main goal of the working group was to present the state-of-the-art of Higgs physics at the LHC, integrating all new results that have appeared in the last few years. The first part compiles the most up-to-date predictions of Higgs boson production cross sections and decay branching ratios, parton distribution functions, and off-shell Higgs boson production and interference effects. Read More

We show how a novel fine-tuning problem present in the Standard Model can be solved through the introduction of a single flavour symmetry G, together with three $Q = - 1/3$ quarks, three $Q = 2/3$ quarks, as well as a complex singlet scalar. The symmetry G is extended to the additional fields and it is an exact symmetry of the Lagrangian, only spontaneously broken by the vacuum. Specific examples are given and a phenomenological analysis of the main features of the model is presented. Read More

Models with an extended scalar sector may in principle provide new sources of CP violation originating in the scalar potential. One of the simplest ways to implement this idea is to have CP violation in a two-Higgs-doublet model. Here, it leads to CP violation in trilinear weak gauge boson couplings. Read More

We relate the observed pattern of leptonic mixing to the quaidegeneracy of three Majorana neutrinos. We show how lifting the degeneracy may lead to the measured value of $|U_{13}|$ and to sizeable CP violation of Dirac-type. We show some of the correlations obtained among physical observables, starting from some of the most interesting schemes proposed in the literature. Read More

We point out that, in the context of the SM, $|V^2_{13}| + | V^2_{23}|$ is expected to be large, of order one. The fact that $|V^2_{13}| + |V^2_{23}| \approx 1.6 \times 10^{-3}$ motivates the introduction of a symmetry S which leads to $V_{CKM} ={1\>\!\!\!\mathrm{I}} $, with only the third generation of quarks acquiring mass. Read More

We present a detailed study of the vacua of the $S_3$-symmetric three-Higgs-doublet potential, specifying the region of parameters where these minimisation solutions occur. We work with a CP conserving scalar potential and analyse the possible real and complex vacua with emphasis on the cases in which the CP symmetry can be spontaneously broken. Results are presented both in the reducible-representation framework of Derman, and in the irreducible-representation framework. Read More

**Affiliations:**

^{1}Valencia U. & Valencia U., IFIC,

^{2}Lisbon, IST & Valencia U. & Valencia U., IFIC,

^{3}Lisbon, IST,

^{4}Lisbon, IST

**Category:**High Energy Physics - Phenomenology

We analyse various flavour changing processes like $t\to hu,hc$, $h\to \tau e,\tau\mu$ as well as hadronic decays $h\to bs,bd$, in the framework of a class of two Higgs doublet models where there are flavour changing neutral scalar currents at tree level. These models have the remarkable feature of having these flavour-violating couplings entirely determined by the CKM and PMNS matrices as well as $\tan\beta$. The flavour structure of these scalar currents results from a symmetry of the Lagrangian and therefore it is natural and stable under the renormalization group. Read More

We analise phenomenological implications of two Higgs doublet models with Higgs flavour changing neutral currents suppressed in the quark sector by small entries of the Cabibbo-Kokayashi-Maskawa matrix. This suppression occurs in a natural way since it is the result of a symmetry applied to the Lagrangian. These type of models were proposed some time ago by Branco Grimus and Lavoura. Read More

Global research efforts have been focused on the simultaneous improvement of the efficiency and sensitivity of malaria diagnosis in resource-limited settings and for the active case detection of asymptomatic infections. A recently developed magneto-optical (MO) method allows the high-sensitivity detection of malaria pigment (hemozoin) crystals in blood via their magnetically induced rotational motion. The evaluation of the method using synthetic $\beta$-hematin crystals and P. Read More

In the context of two Higgs doublet models, we study the conditions required in order to have stable quasi-alignment in flavour space. We show that stability under the RGE imposes strong constraints on the flavour structure of the Yukawa couplings associated to each one of the Higgs doublets. In particular, we find a novel solution, where all Yukawa couplings are proportional to the so-called democratic matrix. Read More

We propose that the observed large leptonic mixing may just reflect a quasidegeneracy of three Majorana neutrinos. The limit of exact degeneracy of Majorana neutrinos is not trivial, as leptonic mixing and even CP violation may occur. We conjecture that the smallness of $|U_{13}|$, when compared to the other elements of $U_{PMNS}$, may just reflect the fact that, in the limit of exact mass degeneracy, the leptonic mixing matrix necessarily has a vanishing element. Read More

We analyse the constraints and some of the phenomenological implications of a class of two Higgs doublet models where there are flavour-changing neutral currents (FCNC) at tree level but the potentially dangerous FCNC couplings are suppressed by small entries of the CKM matrix $V$. This class of models have the remarkable feature that, as a result of a discrete symmetry of the Lagrangian, the FCNC couplings are entirely fixed in the quark sector by $V$ and the ratio $v_2 /v_1$ of the vevs of the neutral Higgs. The discrete symmetry is extended to the leptonic sector, so that there are FCNC in the leptonic sector with their flavour structure fixed by the leptonic mixing matrix. Read More

Flavour-Changing-Neutral-Currents (FCNC) play an important r\^ ole in testing the Standard Model (SM) while probing the possibility of having New Physics beyond the SM. In the SM, FCNC are forbidden at three level, but arise through calculable one-loop contributions. We review some of the features of FCNC in two examples of minimal extensions of the SM. Read More

We analyze the scalar sector properties of a general class of two-Higgs-doublet models which has a global U(1) symmetry in the quartic terms. We find constraints on the parameters of the potential from the considerations of unitarity of scattering amplitudes, the global stability of the potential and the $\rho$-parameter. We concentrate on the spectrum of the non-standard scalar masses in the decoupling limit which is preferred by the Higgs data at the LHC. Read More

We construct weak basis invariants which can give insight into the physical implications of any flavour model, written in an arbitrary weak basis (WB) in the context of 2HDM. Read More

The flavour structure of the general Two Higgs Doublet Model (2HDM) is analysed and a detailed study of the parameter space is presented, showing that flavour mixing in the 2HDM can be parametrized by various unitary matrices which arise from the misalignment in flavour space between pairs of various Hermitian flavour matrices which can be constructed within the model. This is entirely analogous to the generation of the CKM matrix in the Standard Model (SM). We construct weak basis invariants which can give insight into the physical implications of any flavour model, written in an arbitrary weak basis (WB) in the context of 2HDM. Read More

We discuss theoretical and phenomenological aspects of two-Higgs-doublet extensions of the Standard Model. In general, these extensions have scalar mediated flavour changing neutral currents which are strongly constrained by experiment. Various strategies are discussed to control these flavour changing scalar currents and their phenomenological consequences are analysed. Read More

We construct extensions of the Standard Model with two Higgs doublets, where there are flavour changing neutral currents both in the quark and leptonic sectors, with their strength fixed by the fermion mixing matrices $V_{CKM}$ and $V_{PMNS}$. These models are an extension to the leptonic sector of the class of models previously considered by Branco, Grimus and Lavoura, for the quark sector. We consider both the cases of Dirac and Majorana neutrinos and identify the minimal discrete symmetry required in order to implement the models in a natural way. Read More

We propose an extension of the hypothesis of Minimal Flavour Violation (MFV) to general multi-Higgs Models without the assumption of Natural Flavour Conservation in the Higgs sector. We study in detail under what conditions the neutral Higgs couplings are only functions of $V_{CKM}$ and propose a MFV expansion for the neutral Higgs couplings to fermions. Read More

We investigate the viability of thermal leptogenesis in type-I seesaw models with leptonic flavour symmetries that lead to tribimaximal neutrino mixing. We consider an effective theory with an A4 x Z3 x Z4 symmetry, which is spontaneously broken at a scale much higher than the electroweak scale. At the high scale, leptonic Yukawa interactions lead to exact tribimaximal mixing and the heavy Majorana neutrino mass spectrum is exactly degenerate. Read More

We address the question of how to establish a connection between leptogenesis and low energy observables. We emphasize that such a connection only exists in the framework of flavour models. A particular example is the case of texture zeros in some of the Yukawa couplings. Read More

In the framework of three light Majorana neutrinos, we show how to reconstruct, through the use of 3 x 3 unitarity, the full PMNS matrix from six independent Majorana-type phases. In particular, we express the strength of Dirac-type CP violation in terms of these Majorana-type phases by writing the area of the unitarity triangles in terms of these phases. We also study how these six Majorana phases appear in CP-odd weak basis invariants as well as in leptonic asymmetries relevant for flavoured leptogenesis. Read More

**Authors:**M. Raidal, A. van der Schaaf, I. Bigi, M. L. Mangano, Y. Semertzidis, S. Abel, S. Albino, S. Antusch, E. Arganda, B. Bajc, S. Banerjee, C. Biggio, M. Blanke, W. Bonivento, G. C. Branco, D. Bryman, A. J. Buras, L. Calibbi, A. Ceccucci, P. H. Chankowski, S. Davidson, A. Deandrea, D. P. DeMille, F. Deppisch, M. Diaz, B. Duling, M. Felcini, W. Fetscher, D. K. Ghosh, M. Giffels, G. Giudice, E. Goudzovskij, T. Han, P. G. Harris, M. J. Herrero, J. Hisano, R. J. Holt, K. Huitu, A. Ibarra, O. Igonkina, A. Ilakovac, J. Imazato, G. Isidori, F. R. Joaquim, M. Kadastik, Y. Kajiyama, S. F. King, K. Kirch, M. G. Kozlov, M. Krawczyk, T. Kress, O. Lebedev, A. Lusiani, E. Ma, G. Marchiori, I. Masina, G. Moreau, T. Mori, M. Muntel, F. Nesti, C. J. G. Onderwater, P. Paradisi, S. T. Petcov, M. Picariello, V. Porretti, A. Poschenrieder, M. Pospelov, L. Rebane, M. N. Rebelo, A. Ritz, L. Roberts, A. Romanino, A. Rossi, R. Rueckl, G. Senjanovic, N. Serra, T. Shindou, Y. Takanishi, C. Tarantino, A. M. Teixeira, E. Torrente-Lujan, K. J. Turzynski, T. E. J. Underwood, S. K. Vempati, O. Vives

This chapter of the report of the ``Flavour in the era of the LHC'' Workshop discusses the theoretical, phenomenological and experimental issues related to flavour phenomena in the charged lepton sector and in flavour-conserving CP-violating processes. We review the current experimental limits and the main theoretical models for the flavour structure of fundamental particles. We analyze the phenomenological consequences of the available data, setting constraints on explicit models beyond the Standard Model, presenting benchmarks for the discovery potential of forthcoming measurements both at the LHC and at low energy, and exploring options for possible future experiments. Read More

We review some recent results on the connection between CP violation at low energies and Leptogenesis in the framework of specific flavour structures for the fundamental leptonic mass matrices with zero textures. Read More

We investigate, within the Type I seesaw framework, the physical implications of zero textures in the Yukawa couplings which generate the neutrino Dirac mass matrix $m_D$. It is shown that four is the maximal number of texture zeroes compatible with the observed leptonic mixing and the assumption that no neutrino mass vanishes. We classify all allowed four-zero textures of $m_D$ into two categories with three classes each. Read More

We review some aspects of neutrino physics and CP violation both in the quark and lepton sectors. Read More

Talk based on work entitled ``Yukawa textures, new physics and nondecoupling,'' done in collaboration with G. C. Branco and J. Read More

We point out that New Physics can play an important r\^ ole in rescuing some of the Yukawa texture zero ans\" atze which would otherwise be eliminated by the recent, more precise measurements of $V_{CKM}$. As an example, a detailed analysis of a four texture zero ansatz is presented, showing how the presence of an isosinglet vector-like quark which mixes with standard quarks, can render viable this Yukawa texture. The crucial point is the nondecoupling of the effects of the isosinglet quark, even for arbitrary large values of its mass. Read More

We show that a large class of sets of leptonic texture zeros considered in the literature imply the vanishing of certain CP-odd weak-basis invariants. These invariant conditions enable one to recognize a flavour model corresponding to a set of texture zeros, when written in an arbitrary weak-basis where the zeros are not manifest. We also analyse the r\^ ole of texture zeros in allowing for a connection between leptogenesis and low-energy leptonic masses, mixing and CP violation. Read More

We carefully analyse the present experimental evidence for a complex CKM matrix, even allowing for New Physics contributions to $\epsilon_{K}$, $a_{J/\Psi K_S}$, $\Delta M_{B_{d}}$, $\Delta M_{B_{s}}$, and the $\Delta I=1/2$ piece of $B\to\rho\rho$ and $B\to\rho\pi$. We emphasize the crucial r\^ ole played by the angle $\gamma$ in both providing irrefutable evidence for a complex CKM matrix and placing constraints on the size of NP contributions. It is shown that even if one allows for New Physics a real CKM matrix is excluded at a 99. Read More

We present CP-odd Higgs-basis invariants, which can be used to signal CP violation in a multi-Higgs system, written in an arbitrary Higgs basis. It is shown through specific examples how these CP-odd invariants can also be useful to determine the character of CP breaking (i.e. Read More

The observation of neutrino masses leads to the possibility of leptonic mixing and CP violation. One of the simplest extensions of the Standard Model giving rise to neutrino masses consists of the introduction of one righthanded neutrino field per generation, singlet of SU(2). In the context of the seesaw mechanism this leads to three light and three heavy neutrinos. Read More

We discuss leptonic mixing and CP violation at low and high energies, emphasizing possible connections between leptogenesis and CP violation at low energies, in the context of lepton flavour models. Furthermore we analyse weak basis invariants relevant for leptogenesis and for CP violation at low energies. These invariants have the advantage of providing a simple test of the CP properties of any lepton flavour model. Read More

We emphasize the crucial r\^ ole played by non-factorizable phases in the analysis of the Yukawa flavour structure performed in weak bases with Hermitian mass matrices and with vanishing $(1,1)$ entries. We show that non-factorizable phases are important in order to generate a sufficiently large $\sin 2 \beta $. A method is suggested to reconstruct the flavour structure of Yukawa couplings from input experimental data both in this Hermitian basis and in a non-Hermitian basis with a maximal number of texture zeros. Read More

We propose a flavour structure for the leptonic sector of the Standard Model, based on the idea of universality of Yukawa couplings, which accommodates all the experimental data on neutrino masses and mixing, at the same time predicting specific correlations between low energy measurable quantities, such as the ratio of neutrino squared mass differences, $|U_{13}|$, the leptonic Dirac phase, and the double-beta decay mass parameter. We also point out that it is possible, in this framework, to generate a sufficient amount of baryon asymmetry of the Universe through leptogenesis. Read More

Recent experimental data provides evidence for neutrino masses and leads to the possibility of leptonic mixing and CP violation. In this work special attention is dedicated to CP violation in the leptonic sector both at low and at high energies in the framework of seesaw with only three righthanded neutrinos added to the Lagrangean of the Standard Model. It is shown that leptogenesis is a possible and likely explanation for the observed baryon asymmetry of the universe. Read More

We put forward the conjecture that all CP violating phenomena may have a common origin. In order to illustrate our idea, we present a minimal model where CP is spontaneously broken at a high energy scale, through the phase in the vacuum expectation value of a complex scalar singlet. This single phase is the origin of both low energy CP violation in the quark and leptonic sectors, as well as leptogenesis. Read More

Fermion masses and mixing, both in the quark and leptonic sector, are discussed within the approach to the Yukawa puzzle proposed by Arkani-Hamed and Schmaltz. In the quark sector we have shown that at least two extra dimensions are necessary in order to obtain sufficient CP violation, while reproducing the correct quark mass spectrum and mixing angles. We have also studied the consequences of suppressing lepton number violating charged lepton decays within this scenario for lepton masses and mixing angles. Read More

The relation between leptogenesis and CP violation at low energies is analyzed in detail in the framework of the minimal seesaw mechanism. Working, without loss of generality, in a weak basis where both the charged lepton and the right-handed Majorana mass matrices are diagonal and real, we consider a convenient generic parametrization of the Dirac neutrino Yukawa coupling matrix and identify the necessary condition which has to be satisfied in order to establish a direct link between leptogenesis and CP violation at low energies. In the context of the LMA solution of the solar neutrino problem, we present minimal scenarios which allow for the full determination of the cosmological baryon asymmetry and the strength of CP violation in neutrino oscillations. Read More

**Affiliations:**

^{1}CERN and GFP-Ist

**Category:**High Energy Physics - Phenomenology

In this letter we give a class of examples where the decays of the heavy Majorana neutrinos may violate CP even if there is no CP violation at low energies, i.e., leptogenesis can take place without Majorana or Dirac type CP phases at low energies. Read More

Assuming that the Kobayashi-Maskawa mechanism gives the dominant contribution to CP violation at low energies, we propose a novel way of testing the flavour sector of the Standard Model which has the potencial for discovering New Physics. Using 3 x 3 unitarity of the V_{CKM} matrix and choosing a complete set of rephasing invariant phases, we derive a set of exact relations in terms of measurable quantities, namely moduli of V_{CKM} and arguments of rephasing invariant quartets. These tests complement the usual analysis in the \rho, \eta plane and, if there is New Physics, may reveal its source. Read More

We discuss the possibility of relating the size and sign of the observed baryon asymmetry of the universe to CP violation observable at low energies, in a framework where the observed baryon asymmetry is produced by leptogenesis through out of equilibrium decay of heavy Majorana neutrinos. We have shown that although in general such a connection cannot be established, there are specific frameworks where a link does exist. Furthermore, we identify the CP violating phases relevant to leptogenesis and those relevant for low energy CP violation and build weak basis invariant conditions for CP conservation. Read More

We discuss how CP violation generating lepton number asymmetry can be related to CP violation in low energy. Read More

A detailed analytic and numerical study of baryogenesis through leptogenesis is performed in the framework of the standard model of electroweak interactions extended by the addition of three right-handed neutrinos, leading to the seesaw mechanism. We analyze the connection between GUT-motivated relations for the quark and lepton mass matrices and the possibility of obtaining a viable leptogenesis scenario. In particular, we analyze whether the constraints imposed by SO(10) GUTs can be compatible with all the available solar, atmospheric and reactor neutrino data and, simultaneously, be capable of producing the required baryon asymmetry via the leptogenesis mechanism. Read More

We discuss the possibility of relating the size and sign of the observed baryon asymmetry of the universe to CP violation observable at low energies, in a framework where the observed baryon asymmetry is produced by leptogenesis through the out of the equilibrium decay of heavy Majorana neutrinos. We identify the CP violating phases entering in leptogenesis as well as those relevant for CP violation at low energies in the minimal seesaw model. We show that although in general there is no relation between these two sets of phases, there are specific frameworks in which such a connection may be established and we give a specific grand unification inspired example where such a connection does exist. Read More