M. Klein - Univ. of Potsdam

M. Klein
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Name
M. Klein
Affiliation
Univ. of Potsdam
City
Potsdam
Country
Germany

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Computer Science - Digital Libraries (10)
 
Computer Science - Information Retrieval (5)
 
High Energy Physics - Experiment (5)
 
Physics - Accelerator Physics (4)
 
Mathematics - Mathematical Physics (4)
 
Cosmology and Nongalactic Astrophysics (4)
 
High Energy Physics - Phenomenology (4)
 
Physics - Strongly Correlated Electrons (4)
 
Mathematical Physics (4)
 
Astrophysics of Galaxies (3)
 
Physics - Mesoscopic Systems and Quantum Hall Effect (3)
 
Physics - Instrumentation and Detectors (3)
 
Mathematics - Analysis of PDEs (3)
 
Physics - Other (2)
 
Physics - Superconductivity (2)
 
High Energy Astrophysical Phenomena (2)
 
Physics - Materials Science (2)
 
Physics - Geophysics (2)
 
Nonlinear Sciences - Pattern Formation and Solitons (2)
 
Physics - Fluid Dynamics (2)
 
Mathematics - Spectral Theory (2)
 
Computer Science - Distributed; Parallel; and Cluster Computing (1)
 
Mathematics - Probability (1)
 
Physics - Physics Education (1)
 
Computer Science - Learning (1)
 
Computer Science - Databases (1)
 
Mathematics - Optimization and Control (1)
 
Statistics - Machine Learning (1)
 
Mathematics - Statistics (1)
 
Statistics - Methodology (1)
 
Physics - Soft Condensed Matter (1)
 
Physics - Chemical Physics (1)
 
Computer Science - Computers and Society (1)
 
Computer Science - Human-Computer Interaction (1)
 
Statistics - Theory (1)

Publications Authored By M. Klein

A conceptual design is presented of a novel ERL facility for the development and application of the energy recovery technique to linear electron accelerators in the multi-turn, large current and large energy regime. The main characteristics of the powerful energy recovery linac experiment facility (PERLE) are derived from the design of the Large Hadron electron Collider, an electron beam upgrade under study for the LHC, for which it would be the key demonstrator. PERLE is thus projected as a facility to investigate efficient, high current (> 10 mA) ERL operation with three re-circulation passages through newly designed SCRF cavities, at 801. Read More

Early in 2016, an environmental scan was conducted by the Research Library Data Working Group for three purposes: 1.) Perform a survey of the data management landscape at Los Alamos National Laboratory in order to identify local gaps in data management services. 2. Read More

Archival efforts such as (C)LOCKSS and Portico are in place to ensure the longevity of traditional scholarly resources like journal articles. At the same time, researchers are depositing a broad variety of other scholarly artifacts into emerging online portals that are designed to support web-based scholarship. These web-native scholarly objects are largely neglected by current archival practices and hence they become scholarly orphans. Read More

We analyze a general class of difference operators $H_\varepsilon = T_\varepsilon + V_\varepsilon$ on $\ell^2(\varepsilon \mathbb{Z}^d)$, where $V_\varepsilon$ is a one-well potential and $\varepsilon$ is a small parameter. We construct formal asymptotic expansions of WKB-type for eigenfunctions associated with the low lying eigenvalues of $H_\varepsilon$. These are obtained from eigenfunctions or quasimodes for the operator $H_\varepsilon$, acting on $L^2(\mathbb{R}^d)$, via restriction to the lattice $\varepsilon\mathbb{Z}^d$. Read More

The investigation of dynamics of intense solitary wave groups of collinear surface waves is performed by means of numerical simulations of the Euler equations and laboratory experiments. The processes of solitary wave generation, reflection from a wall and collisions are considered. Steep solitary wave groups with characteristic steepness up to $kA_{cr} = 0. Read More

Evaluating surgeon skill has predominantly been a subjective task. Development of objective methods for surgical skill assessment are of increased interest. Recently, with technological advances such as robotic-assisted minimally invasive surgery (RMIS), new opportunities for objective and automated assessment frameworks have arisen. Read More

Context: The galaxy cluster Abell S1101 (S1101 hereafter) deviates significantly from the X-ray luminosity versus velocity dispersion relation (L-sigma) of galaxy clusters in our previous study. Given reliable X-ray luminosity measurement combining XMM-Newton and ROSAT, this could most likely be caused by the bias in the velocity dispersion due to interlopers and low member statistic in the previous sample of member galaxies, which was solely based on 20 galaxy redshifts drawn from the literature. Aims: We intend to increase the galaxy member statistic to perform a precision measurement of the velocity dispersion and dynamical mass of S1101. Read More

The authors derive likelihood-based exact inference methods for the multivariate regression model, for singly imputed synthetic data generated via Posterior Predictive Sampling (PPS) and for multiply imputed synthetic data generated via a newly proposed sampling method, which the authors call Fixed-Posterior Predictive Sampling (FPPS). In the single imputation case, our proposed FPPS method concurs with the usual Posterior Predictive Sampling (PPS) method, thus filling the gap in the existing literature where inferential methods are only available for multiple imputation. Simulation studies compare the results obtained with those for the exact test procedures under the Plug-in Sampling method, obtained by the same authors. Read More

Academic publishers claim that they add value to scholarly communications by coordinating reviews and contributing and enhancing text during publication. These contributions come at a considerable cost: U.S. Read More

A single electron dynamic memory is designed based on the non-equilibrium dynamics of charge states in electrostatically-defined metallic quantum dots. Using the orthodox theory for computing the transfer rates and a master equation, we model the dynamical response of devices consisting of a charge sensor coupled to either a single and or a double quantum dot subjected to a pulsed gate voltage. We show that transition rates between charge states in metallic quantum dots are characterized by an asymmetry that can be controlled by the gate voltage. Read More

2016Mar
Authors: M. Arenz, M. Babutzka, M. Bahr, J. P. Barrett, S. Bauer, M. Beck, A. Beglarian, J. Behrens, T. Bergmann, U. Besserer, J. Blümer, L. I. Bodine, K. Bokeloh, J. Bonn, B. Bornschein, L. Bornschein, S. Büsch, T. H. Burritt, S. Chilingaryan, T. J. Corona, L. De Viveiros, P. J. Doe, O. Dragoun, G. Drexlin, S. Dyba, S. Ebenhöch, K. Eitel, E. Ellinger, S. Enomoto, M. Erhard, D. Eversheim, M. Fedkevych, A. Felden, S. Fischer, J. A. Formaggio, F. Fränkle, D. Furse, M. Ghilea, W. Gil, F. Glück, A. Gonzalez Urena, S. Görhardt, S. Groh, S. Grohmann, R. Grössle, R. Gumbsheimer, M. Hackenjos, V. Hannen, F. Harms, N. Hauÿmann, F. Heizmann, K. Helbing, W. Herz, S. Hickford, D. Hilk, B. Hillen, T. Höhn, B. Holzapfel, M. Hötzel, M. A. Howe, A. Huber, A. Jansen, N. Kernert, L. Kippenbrock, M. Kleesiek, M. Klein, A. Kopmann, A. Kosmider, A. Kovalík, B. Krasch, M. Kraus, H. Krause, M. Krause, L. Kuckert, B. Kuffner, L. La Cascio, O. Lebeda, B. Leiber, J. Letnev, V. M. Lobashev, A. Lokhov, E. Malcherek, M. Mark, E. L. Martin, S. Mertens, S. Mirz, B. Monreal, K. Müller, M. Neuberger, H. Neumann, S. Niemes, M. Noe, N. S. Oblath, A. Off, H. -W. Ortjohann, A. Osipowicz, E. Otten, D. S. Parno, P. Plischke, A. W. P. Poon, M. Prall, F. Priester, P. C. -O. Ranitzsch, J. Reich, O. Rest, R. G. H. Robertson, M. Röllig, S. Rosendahl, S. Rupp, M. Rysavy, K. Schlösser, M. Schlösser, K. Schönung, M. Schrank, J. Schwarz, W. Seiler, H. Seitz-Moskaliuk, J. Sentkerestiova, A. Skasyrskaya, M. Slezak, A. Spalek, M. Steidl, N. Steinbrink, M. Sturm, M. Suesser, H. H. Telle, T. Thümmler, N. Titov, I. Tkachev, N. Trost, A. Unru, K. Valerius, D. Venos, R. Vianden, S. Vöcking, B. L. Wall, N. Wandkowsky, M. Weber, C. Weinheimer, C. Weiss, S. Welte, J. Wendel, K. L. Wierman, J. F. Wilkerson, D. Winzen, J. Wolf, S. Wüstling, M. Zacher, S. Zadoroghny, M. Zboril

The KATRIN experiment will probe the neutrino mass by measuring the beta-electron energy spectrum near the endpoint of tritium beta-decay. An integral energy analysis will be performed by an electro-static spectrometer (Main Spectrometer), an ultra-high vacuum vessel with a length of 23.2 m, a volume of 1240 m^3, and a complex inner electrode system with about 120000 individual parts. Read More

We quantify the extent to which references to papers in scholarly literature use persistent HTTP URIs that leverage the Digital Object Identifier infrastructure. We find a significant number of references that do not, speculate why authors would use brittle URIs when persistent ones are available, and propose an approach to alleviate the problem. Read More

2016Feb
Affiliations: 1Physikalisches Institut, Heidelberg University, 2Physikalisches Institut, Heidelberg University, 3Physikalisches Institut, Heidelberg University, 4Physikalisches Institut, Heidelberg University, 5Heinz Maier-Leibnitz Zentrum, Technische Universität München, 6Heinz Maier-Leibnitz Zentrum, Technische Universität München, 7GSI Detector Laboratory Darmstadt, 8Physikalisches Institut, Heidelberg University

The globally increased demand for helium-3 along with the limited availability of this gas calls for the development of alternative technologies for the large ESS instrumentation pool. We report on the CASCADE Project - a novel detection system, which has been developed for the purposes of neutron spin echo spectroscopy. It features 2D spatially resolved detection of thermal neutrons at high rates. Read More

Observations of the cosmic microwave background indicate that baryons account for 5% of the Universe's total energy content. In the local Universe, the census of all observed baryons falls short of this estimate by a factor of two. Cosmological simulations indicate that the missing baryons might not have condensed into virialized haloes, but reside throughout the filaments of the cosmic web (where matter density is larger than average) as a low-density plasma at temperatures of $10^5-10^7$ kelvin, known as the warm-hot intergalactic medium. Read More

Kohn-Sham density functional theory (DFT) is a widely-used electronic structure theory for materials as well as molecules. DFT is needed especially for large systems, ab initio molecular dynamics, and high-throughput searches for functional materials. DFT's accuracy and computational efficiency are limited by the approximation to its exchange-correlation energy. Read More

Introduction: Methods now exist to detect residual confounding. One requires an "indicator" with two key properties: conditional independence of the outcome (given exposure and measured covariates) absent confounding and other model miss-specification; and an association with unmeasured confounders (like the exposure). We now present a new method for correcting for residual confounding in time-series and other epidemiological studies. Read More

A proposed high energy Future Circular Hadron-Electron Collider would provide sufficient energy in a clean environment to probe di-Higgs production. Using this channel we show that the azimuthal angle correlation between the missing transverse energy and the forward jet is a very good probe for the non-standard $hhh$ and $hhWW$ couplings. We give the exclusion limits on these couplings as a function of integrated luminosity at a $95$\% C. Read More

In this work, the solvation and electronic structure of the aqueous chloride ion solution was investigated using Density Functional Theory (DFT) based \textit{ab initio} molecular dynamics (AIMD). From an analysis of radial distribution functions, coordination numbers, and solvation structures, we found that exact exchange ($E_{\rm xx}$) and non-local van der Waals (vdW) interactions effectively \textit{weaken} the interactions between the Cl$^-$ ion and the first solvation shell. With a Cl-O coordination number in excellent agreement with experiment, we found that most configurations generated with vdW-inclusive hybrid DFT exhibit 6-fold coordinated distorted trigonal prism structures, which is indicative of a significantly disordered first solvation shell. Read More

There has been rapidly growing interest in studying and designing online deliberative processes and technologies. This SIG aims at providing a venue for continuous and constructive dialogue between social, political and cognitive sciences as well as computer science, HCI, and CSCW. Through an online community and a modified version of world cafe discussions, we contribute to the definition of the theoretical building blocks, the identification of a research agenda for the CHI community, and the network of individuals from academia, industry, and the public sector who share interests in different aspects of online deliberation. Read More

In this study we investigate how quantification of Wikipedia biographies can shed light on worldwide longitudinal gender inequality trends. We present an academic index allowing comparative study of gender inequality through space and time, the Wikipedia Gender Index (WIGI), based on metadata available through the Wikidata database. Our research confirms that gender inequality is a phenomenon with a long history, but whose patterns can be analyzed and quantified on a larger scale than previously thought possible. Read More

We consider an optimal control problem subject to the thin-film equation which is deduced from the Navier--Stokes equation. The PDE constraint lacks well-posedness for general right-hand sides due to possible degeneracies; state constraints are used to circumvent this problematic issue and to ensure well-posedness, and the rigorous derivation of necessary optimality conditions for the optimal control problem is performed. A multi-parameter regularization is considered which addresses both, the possibly degenerate term in the equation and the state constraint, and convergence is shown for vanishing regularization parameters by decoupling both effects. Read More

We present thermal Sunyaev-Zel'dovich effect (SZE) measurements for 42 galaxy clusters observed at 150 GHz with the APEX-SZ experiment. For each cluster, we model the pressure profile and calculate the integrated Comptonization $Y$ to estimate the total thermal energy of the intracluster medium (ICM). We compare the measured $Y$ values to X-ray observables of the ICM from the literature (cluster gas mass $M_{\rm{gas}}$, temperature $T_X$, and $Y_X =M_{\rm{gas}}T_X$) that relate to total cluster mass. Read More

Web applications frequently leverage resources made available by remote web servers. As resources are created, updated, deleted, or moved, these applications face challenges to remain in lockstep with the server's change dynamics. Several approaches exist to help meet this challenge for use cases where "good enough" synchronization is acceptable. Read More

In the limit epsilon to 0 we analyze the generators H_epsilon of families of reversible jump processes in R^d associated with a class of symmetric non-local Dirichlet-forms and show exponential decay of the eigenfunctions. The exponential rate function is a Finsler distance, given as solution of a certain eikonal equation. Fine results are sensitive to the rate function being C^2 or just Lipschitz. Read More

Maintenance of multiple, distributed up-to-date copies of collections of changing Web resources is important in many application contexts and is often achieved using ad hoc or proprietary synchronization solutions. ResourceSync is a resource synchronization framework that integrates with the Web architecture and leverages XML sitemaps. We define a model for the ResourceSync framework as a basis for understanding its properties. Read More

The documents used in the ResourceSync synchronization framework are based on the widely adopted document format defined by the Sitemap protocol. In order to address requirements of the framework, extensions to the Sitemap format were necessary. This short paper describes the concerns we had about introducing such extensions, the tests we did to evaluate their validity, and aspects of the framework to address them. Read More

An overview is given on key physics, detector and accelerator aspects of the LHeC, including its further development, with emphasis to its role as the cleanest microscope of parton dynamics and a precision Higgs facility. Read More

Many applications need up-to-date copies of collections of changing Web resources. Such synchronization is currently achieved using ad-hoc or proprietary solutions. We propose ResourceSync, a general Web resource synchronization protocol that leverages XML Sitemaps. Read More

The problem of existence of stable nonlinear groups of gravity waves in deep water is revised by means of laboratory and numerical simulations with the focus on intense waves. Wave groups with steepness up to $A_{cr} \omega_m^2 /g \approx 0.30$ are reproduced in laboratory experiments ($A_{cr}$ is the wave crest amplitude, $\omega_m$ is the mean angular frequency and $g$ is the gravity acceleration). Read More

2012Nov
Authors: J. L. Abelleira Fernandez, C. Adolphsen, P. Adzic, A. N. Akay, H. Aksakal, J. L. Albacete, B. Allanach, S. Alekhin, P. Allport, V. Andreev, R. B. Appleby, E. Arikan, N. Armesto, G. Azuelos, M. Bai, D. Barber, J. Bartels, O. Behnke, J. Behr, A. S. Belyaev, I. Ben-Zvi, N. Bernard, S. Bertolucci, S. Bettoni, S. Biswal, J. Blümlein, H. Böttcher, A. Bogacz, C. Bracco, J. Bracinik, G. Brandt, H. Braun, S. Brodsky, O. Brüning, E. Bulyak, A. Buniatyan, H. Burkhardt, I. T. Cakir, O. Cakir, R. Calaga, A. Caldwell, V. Cetinkaya, V. Chekelian, E. Ciapala, R. Ciftci, A. K. Ciftci, B. A. Cole, J. C. Collins, O. Dadoun, J. Dainton, A. De. Roeck, D. d'Enterria, P. DiNezza, M. D'Onofrio, A. Dudarev, A. Eide, R. Enberg, E. Eroglu, K. J. Eskola, L. Favart, M. Fitterer, S. Forte, A. Gaddi, P. Gambino, H. García Morales, T. Gehrmann, P. Gladkikh, C. Glasman, A. Glazov, R. Godbole, B. Goddard, T. Greenshaw, A. Guffanti, V. Guzey, C. Gwenlan, T. Han, Y. Hao, F. Haug, W. Herr, A. Hervé, B. J. Holzer, M. Ishitsuka, M. Jacquet, B. Jeanneret, E. Jensen, J. M. Jimenez, J. M. Jowett, H. Jung, H. Karadeniz, D. Kayran, A. Kilic, K. Kimura, R. Klees, M. Klein, U. Klein, T. Kluge, F. Kocak, M. Korostelev, A. Kosmicki, P. Kostka, H. Kowalski, M. Kraemer, G. Kramer, D. Kuchler, M. Kuze, T. Lappi, P. Laycock, E. Levichev, S. Levonian, V. N. Litvinenko, A. Lombardi, J. Maeda, C. Marquet, B. Mellado, K. H. Mess, A. Milanese, J. G. Milhano, S. Moch, I. I. Morozov, Y. Muttoni, S. Myers, S. Nandi, Z. Nergiz, P. R. Newman, T. Omori, J. Osborne, E. Paoloni, Y. Papaphilippou, C. Pascaud, H. Paukkunen, E. Perez, T. Pieloni, E. Pilicer, B. Pire, R. Placakyte, A. Polini, V. Ptitsyn, Y. Pupkov, V. Radescu, S. Raychaudhuri, L. Rinolfi, E. Rizvi, R. Rohini, J. Rojo, S. Russenschuck, M. Sahin, C. A. Salgado, K. Sampei, R. Sassot, E. Sauvan, M. Schaefer, U. Schneekloth, T. Schörner-Sadenius, D. Schulte, A. Senol, A. Seryi, P. Sievers, A. N. Skrinsky, W. Smith, D. South, H. Spiesberger, A. M. Stasto, M. Strikman, M. Sullivan, S. Sultansoy, Y. P. Sun, B. Surrow, L. Szymanowski, P. Taels, I. Tapan, T. Tasci, E. Tassi, H. Ten. Kate, J. Terron, H. Thiesen, L. Thompson, P. Thompson, K. Tokushuku, R. Tomás García, D. Tommasini, D. Trbojevic, N. Tsoupas, J. Tuckmantel, S. Turkoz, T. N. Trinh, K. Tywoniuk, G. Unel, T. Ullrich, J. Urakawa, P. VanMechelen, A. Variola, R. Veness, A. Vivoli, P. Vobly, J. Wagner, R. Wallny, S. Wallon, G. Watt, C. Weiss, U. A. Wiedemann, U. Wienands, F. Willeke, B. -W. Xiao, V. Yakimenko, A. F. Zarnecki, Z. Zhang, F. Zimmermann, R. Zlebcik, F. Zomer

The present note relies on the recently published conceptual design report of the LHeC and extends the first contribution to the European strategy debate in emphasising the role of the LHeC to complement and complete the high luminosity LHC programme. The brief discussion therefore focuses on the importance of high precision PDF and $\alpha_s$ determinations for the physics beyond the Standard Model (GUTs, SUSY, Higgs). Emphasis is also given to the importance of high parton density phenomena in nuclei and their relevance to the heavy ion physics programme at the LHC. Read More

2012Nov
Authors: J. L. Abelleira Fernandez, C. Adolphsen, P. Adzic, A. N. Akay, H. Aksakal, J. L. Albacete, B. Allanach, S. Alekhin, P. Allport, V. Andreev, R. B. Appleby, E. Arikan, N. Armesto, G. Azuelos, M. Bai, D. Barber, J. Bartels, O. Behnke, J. Behr, A. S. Belyaev, I. Ben-Zvi, N. Bernard, S. Bertolucci, S. Bettoni, S. Biswal, J. Blümlein, H. Böttcher, A. Bogacz, C. Bracco, J. Bracinik, G. Brandt, H. Braun, S. Brodsky, O. Brüning, E. Bulyak, A. Buniatyan, H. Burkhardt, I. T. Cakir, O. Cakir, R. Calaga, A. Caldwell, V. Cetinkaya, V. Chekelian, E. Ciapala, R. Ciftci, A. K. Ciftci, B. A. Cole, J. C. Collins, O. Dadoun, J. Dainton, A. De. Roeck, D. d'Enterria, P. DiNezza, M. D'Onofrio, A. Dudarev, A. Eide, R. Enberg, E. Eroglu, K. J. Eskola, L. Favart, M. Fitterer, S. Forte, A. Gaddi, P. Gambino, H. García Morales, T. Gehrmann, P. Gladkikh, C. Glasman, A. Glazov, R. Godbole, B. Goddard, T. Greenshaw, A. Guffanti, V. Guzey, C. Gwenlan, T. Han, Y. Hao, F. Haug, W. Herr, A. Hervé, B. J. Holzer, M. Ishitsuka, M. Jacquet, B. Jeanneret, E. Jensen, J. M. Jimenez, J. M. Jowett, H. Jung, H. Karadeniz, D. Kayran, A. Kilic, K. Kimura, R. Klees, M. Klein, U. Klein, T. Kluge, F. Kocak, M. Korostelev, A. Kosmicki, P. Kostka, H. Kowalski, M. Kraemer, G. Kramer, D. Kuchler, M. Kuze, T. Lappi, P. Laycock, E. Levichev, S. Levonian, V. N. Litvinenko, A. Lombardi, J. Maeda, C. Marquet, B. Mellado, K. H. Mess, A. Milanese, J. G. Milhano, S. Moch, I. I. Morozov, Y. Muttoni, S. Myers, S. Nandi, Z. Nergiz, P. R. Newman, T. Omori, J. Osborne, E. Paoloni, Y. Papaphilippou, C. Pascaud, H. Paukkunen, E. Perez, T. Pieloni, E. Pilicer, B. Pire, R. Placakyte, A. Polini, V. Ptitsyn, Y. Pupkov, V. Radescu, S. Raychaudhuri, L. Rinolfi, E. Rizvi, R. Rohini, J. Rojo, S. Russenschuck, M. Sahin, C. A. Salgado, K. Sampei, R. Sassot, E. Sauvan, M. Schaefer, U. Schneekloth, T. Schörner-Sadenius, D. Schulte, A. Senol, A. Seryi, P. Sievers, A. N. Skrinsky, W. Smith, D. South, H. Spiesberger, A. M. Stasto, M. Strikman, M. Sullivan, S. Sultansoy, Y. P. Sun, B. Surrow, L. Szymanowski, P. Taels, I. Tapan, T. Tasci, E. Tassi, H. Ten. Kate, J. Terron, H. Thiesen, L. Thompson, P. Thompson, K. Tokushuku, R. Tomás García, D. Tommasini, D. Trbojevic, N. Tsoupas, J. Tuckmantel, S. Turkoz, T. N. Trinh, K. Tywoniuk, G. Unel, T. Ullrich, J. Urakawa, P. VanMechelen, A. Variola, R. Veness, A. Vivoli, P. Vobly, J. Wagner, R. Wallny, S. Wallon, G. Watt, C. Weiss, U. A. Wiedemann, U. Wienands, F. Willeke, B. -W. Xiao, V. Yakimenko, A. F. Zarnecki, Z. Zhang, F. Zimmermann, R. Zlebcik, F. Zomer

This document provides a brief overview of the recently published report on the design of the Large Hadron Electron Collider (LHeC), which comprises its physics programme, accelerator physics, technology and main detector concepts. The LHeC exploits and develops challenging, though principally existing, accelerator and detector technologies. This summary is complemented by brief illustrations of some of the highlights of the physics programme, which relies on a vastly extended kinematic range, luminosity and unprecedented precision in deep inelastic scattering. Read More

2012Jun
Authors: J. L. Abelleira Fernandez, C. Adolphsen, A. N. Akay, H. Aksakal, J. L. Albacete, S. Alekhin, P. Allport, V. Andreev, R. B. Appleby, E. Arikan, N. Armesto, G. Azuelos, M. Bai, D. Barber, J. Bartels, O. Behnke, J. Behr, A. S. Belyaev, I. Ben-Zvi, N. Bernard, S. Bertolucci, S. Bettoni, S. Biswal, J. Blümlein, H. Böttcher, A. Bogacz, C. Bracco, G. Brandt, H. Braun, S. Brodsky, O. Brüning, E. Bulyak, A. Buniatyan, H. Burkhardt, I. T. Cakir, O. Cakir, R. Calaga, V. Cetinkaya, E. Ciapala, R. Ciftci, A. K. Ciftci, B. A. Cole, J. C. Collins, O. Dadoun, J. Dainton, A. De. Roeck, D. d'Enterria, A. Dudarev, A. Eide, R. Enberg, E. Eroglu, K. J. Eskola, L. Favart, M. Fitterer, S. Forte, A. Gaddi, P. Gambino, H. García Morales, T. Gehrmann, P. Gladkikh, C. Glasman, R. Godbole, B. Goddard, T. Greenshaw, A. Guffanti, V. Guzey, C. Gwenlan, T. Han, Y. Hao, F. Haug, W. Herr, A. Hervé, B. J. Holzer, M. Ishitsuka, M. Jacquet, B. Jeanneret, J. M. Jimenez, J. M. Jowett, H. Jung, H. Karadeniz, D. Kayran, A. Kilic, K. Kimura, M. Klein, U. Klein, T. Kluge, F. Kocak, M. Korostelev, A. Kosmicki, P. Kostka, H. Kowalski, G. Kramer, D. Kuchler, M. Kuze, T. Lappi, P. Laycock, E. Levichev, S. Levonian, V. N. Litvinenko, A. Lombardi, J. Maeda, C. Marquet, S. J. Maxfield, B. Mellado, K. H. Mess, A. Milanese, S. Moch, I. I. Morozov, Y. Muttoni, S. Myers, S. Nandi, Z. Nergiz, P. R. Newman, T. Omori, J. Osborne, E. Paoloni, Y. Papaphilippou, C. Pascaud, H. Paukkunen, E. Perez, T. Pieloni, E. Pilicer, B. Pire, R. Placakyte, A. Polini, V. Ptitsyn, Y. Pupkov, V. Radescu, S. Raychaudhuri, L. Rinolfi, R. Rohini, J. Rojo, S. Russenschuck, M. Sahin, C. A. Salgado, K. Sampei, R. Sassot, E. Sauvan, U. Schneekloth, T. Schörner-Sadenius, D. Schulte, A. Senol, A. Seryi, P. Sievers, A. N. Skrinsky, W. Smith, H. Spiesberger, A. M. Stasto, M. Strikman, M. Sullivan, S. Sultansoy, Y. P. Sun, B. Surrow, L. Szymanowski, P. Taels, I. Tapan, A. T. Tasci, E. Tassi, H. Ten. Kate, J. Terron, H. Thiesen, L. Thompson, K. Tokushuku, R. Tomás García, D. Tommasini, D. Trbojevic, N. Tsoupas, J. Tuckmantel, S. Turkoz, T. N. Trinh, K. Tywoniuk, G. Unel, J. Urakawa, P. VanMechelen, A. Variola, R. Veness, A. Vivoli, P. Vobly, J. Wagner, R. Wallny, S. Wallon, G. Watt, C. Weiss, U. A. Wiedemann, U. Wienands, F. Willeke, B. -W. Xiao, V. Yakimenko, A. F. Zarnecki, Z. Zhang, F. Zimmermann, R. Zlebcik, F. Zomer

The physics programme and the design are described of a new collider for particle and nuclear physics, the Large Hadron Electron Collider (LHeC), in which a newly built electron beam of 60 GeV, up to possibly 140 GeV, energy collides with the intense hadron beams of the LHC. Compared to HERA, the kinematic range covered is extended by a factor of twenty in the negative four-momentum squared, $Q^2$, and in the inverse Bjorken $x$, while with the design luminosity of $10^{33}$ cm$^{-2}$s$^{-1}$ the LHeC is projected to exceed the integrated HERA luminosity by two orders of magnitude. The physics programme is devoted to an exploration of the energy frontier, complementing the LHC and its discovery potential for physics beyond the Standard Model with high precision deep inelastic scattering measurements. Read More

We studied one of the most X-ray luminous cluster of galaxies in the REFLEX survey, RXC J1504.1-0248 (hereafter R1504; z=0.2153), using XMM-Newton X-ray imaging spectroscopy, VLT/VIMOS optical spectroscopy, and WFI optical imaging. Read More

2012Jan
Authors: HESS Collaboration, A. Abramowski, F. Acero, F. Aharonian, A. G. Akhperjanian, G. Anton, A. Balzer, A. Barnacka, U. Barres de Almeida, Y. Becherini, J. Becker, B. Behera, W. Benbow, K. Bernlöhr, A. Bochow, C. Boisson, J. Bolmont, P. Bordas, T. Boutelier, J. Brucker, F. Brun, P. Brun, T. Bulik, I. Büsching, S. Carrigan, S. Casanova, M. Cerruti, P. M. Chadwick, A. Charbonnier, R. C. G. Chaves, A. Cheesebrough, L. -M. Chounet, A. C. Clapson, G. Coignet, G. Cologna, P. Colom, J. Conrad, N. Coudreau, M. Dalton, M. K. Daniel, I. D. Davids, B. Degrange, C. Deil, H. J. Dickinson, A. Djannati-Ataï, W. Domainko, L. O'C. Drury, F. Dubois, G. Dubus, K. Dutson, J. Dyks, M. Dyrda, P. Edwards, K. Egberts, P. Eger, P. Espigat, L. Fallon, C. Farnier, S. Fegan, F. Feinstein, M. V. Fernandes, A. Fiasson, G. Fontaine, A. Förster, M. Füßling, Y. A. Gallant, H. Gast, M. J. Gaylard, L. Gérard, D. Gerbig, B. Giebels, J. F. Glicenstein, B. Glück, P. Goret, D. Göring, S. Häffner, J. D. Hague, D. Hampf, M. Hauser, S. Heinz, G. Heinzelmann, G. Henri, G. Hermann, J. A. Hinton, A. Hoffmann, W. Hofmann, P. Hofverberg, M. Holler, D. Horns, A. Jacholkowska, O. C. de Jager, C. Jahn, M. Jamrozy, I. Jung, M. A. Kastendieck, K. Katarzyński, U. Katz, S. Kaufmann, D. Keogh, D. Khangulyan, B. Khélifi, M. Klein, D. Klochkov, W. Kluźniak, T. Kneiske, Nu. Komin, K. Kosack, R. Kossakowski, P. Kubanek, H. Laffon, G. Lamanna, D. Lennarz, J. -P. Lenain, T. Lohse, A. Lopatin, C. -C. Lu, V. Marandon, A. Marcowith, J. M. Martin, J. Masbou, D. Maurin, N. Maxted, T. J. L. McComb, M. C. Medina, J. Méhault, G. Melady, N. Nguyen, R. Moderski, B. Monard, E. Moulin, C. L. Naumann, M. Naumann-Godo, M. de Naurois, D. Nedbal, D. Nekrassov, B. Nicholas, J. Niemiec, S. J. Nolan, S. Ohm, E. de Oña Wilhelmi, B. Opitz, M. Ostrowski, I. Oya, M. Panter, M. Paz Arribas, G. Pedaletti, G. Pelletier, P. -O. Petrucci, S. Pita, G. Pühlhofer, M. Punch, A. Quirrenbach, M. Raue, S. M. Rayner, A. Reimer, O. Reimer, M. Renaud, R. de los Reyes, F. Rieger, J. Ripken, L. Rob, S. Rosier-Lees, G. Rowell, B. Rudak, C. B. Rulten, J. Ruppel, F. Ryde, V. Sahakian, A. Santangelo, R. Schlickeiser, F. M. Schöck, A. Schulz, U. Schwanke, S. Schwarzburg, S. Schwemmer, M. Sikora, J. L. Skilton, H. Sol, G. Spengler, Ł. Stawarz, R. Steenkamp, C. Stegmann, F. Stinzing, K. Stycz, I. Sushch, A. Szostek, J. -P. Tavernet, R. Terrier, M. Tluczykont, A. Tzioumis, K. Valerius, C. van Eldik, G. Vasileiadis, C. Venter, L. Venter, J. P. Vialle, A. Viana, P. Vincent, H. J. Völk, F. Volpe, S. Vorobiov, M. Vorster, S. J. Wagner, M. Ward, R. White, A. Wierzcholska, M. Zacharias, A. Zajczyk, A. A. Zdziarski, A. Zech, H. -S. Zechlin

Multiwavelength (MWL) observations of the blazar PKS 2155-304 during two weeks in July and August 2006, the period when two exceptional flares at very high energies (VHE, E>= 100 GeV) occurred, provide a detailed picture of the evolution of its emission. The complete data set from this campaign is presented, including observations in VHE gamma-rays (H.E. Read More

We describe an experiment in superconductivity suitable for an advanced undergraduate laboratory. Point-contact spectroscopy is performed by measuring the differential conductance between an electrochemically etched gold tip and a 100-nm superconducting niobium film with a transition temperature Tc ~= 7 K. By fitting the results to Blonder-Tinkham-Klapwijk theory using a finite lifetime of quasiparticles, we obtain a superconducting gap energy \delta ~= 1. Read More

We demonstrate the proof of principle for a ternary adder using silicon metal-on-insulator single electron transistors (SET). Gate dependent rectifying behavior of a single electron transistor results in a robust three-valued output as a function of the potential of the SET island. Mapping logical, ternary inputs to the three gates controlling the potential of the SET island allows us to perform complex, inherently ternary operations, on a single transistor. Read More

We study the nonlinear-damping continuation of singular solutions of the critical and supercritical NLS. Our simulations suggest that for generic initial conditions that lead to collapse in the undamped NLS, the solution of the weakly-damped NLS $$ i\psi_t(t,\X)+\Delta\psi+|\psi|^{p-1}\psi+i\delta|\psi|^{q-1}\psi=0,\qquad0<\delta \ll 1, $$ is highly asymmetric with respect to the singularity time, and the post-collapse defocusing velocity of the singular core goes to infinity as the damping coefficient $\delta$ goes to zero. In the special case of the minimal-power blowup solutions of the critical NLS, the continuation is a minimal-power solution with a higher (but finite) defocusing velocity, whose magnitude increases monotonically with the nonlinear damping exponent $q$. Read More

We report on the results of a high-resolution angle-resolved photoemission (ARPES) study on the ordered surface alloy CePt5. The temperature dependence of the spectra show the formation of the coherent low-energy heavy-fermion band near the Fermi level. This experimental data is supported by a multi-band model calculation in the framework of the dynamical mean field theory (DMFT). Read More

We present four continuations of the critical nonlinear \schro equation (NLS) beyond the singularity: 1) a sub-threshold power continuation, 2) a shrinking-hole continuation for ring-type solutions, 3) a vanishing nonlinear-damping continuation, and 4) a complex Ginzburg-Landau (CGL) continuation. Using asymptotic analysis, we explicitly calculate the limiting solutions beyond the singularity. These calculations show that for generic initial data that leads to a loglog collapse, the sub-threshold power limit is a Bourgain-Wang solution, both before and after the singularity, and the vanishing nonlinear-damping and CGL limits are a loglog solution before the singularity, and have an infinite-velocity{\rev{expanding core}} after the singularity. Read More

For discovering the new URI of a missing web page, lexical signatures, which consist of a small number of words chosen to represent the "aboutness" of a page, have been previously proposed. However, prior methods relied on computing the lexical signature before the page was lost, or using cached or archived versions of the page to calculate a lexical signature. We demonstrate a system of constructing a lexical signature for a page from its link neighborhood, that is the "backlinks", or pages that link to the missing page. Read More

In 1966 Leggett used a two-band superconductor to show that a new collective mode could exist at low temperatures, corresponding to a counter-flow of the superconducting condensates in each band. Here, the theory of electronic Raman scattering in a superconductor by Klein and Dierker (1984) is extended to a multiband superconductor. Raman scattering creates particle/hole pairs. Read More

Missing web pages, URIs that return the 404 "Page Not Found" error or the HTTP response code 200 but dereference unexpected content, are ubiquitous in today's browsing experience. We use Internet search engines to relocate such missing pages and provide means that help automate the rediscovery process. We propose querying web pages' titles against search engines. Read More

Titles are denoted by the TITLE element within a web page. We queried the title against the the Yahoo search engine to determine the page's status (found, not found). We conducted several tests based on elements of the title. Read More

Enhanced optical transmission (EOT) through subwavelength apertures is usually obtained for p-polarized light. The present study experimentally investigates EOT for s-polarized light. A subwavelength slit surrounded on each side by periodic grooves has been fabricated in a gold film and covered by a thin dielectric layer. Read More

A Conceptual Design Report (CDR) for the Large Hadron Electron Collider, the LHeC, is being prepared, to which an introduction was given for the plenary panel discussion on the future of deep inelastic scattering held at DIS09. This is briefly summarised here. The CDR will comprise designs of the ep/eA collider, based on ring and linear electron accelerators, of the interaction region, designed for simultaneous $ep$ and $pp$ operation, of a new, modular detector, and it will present basics on the physics motivation for a high luminous Tera scale electron-nucleon collider as a complement to the LHC. Read More

Inaccessible web pages are part of the browsing experience. The content of these pages however is often not completely lost but rather missing. Lexical signatures (LS) generated from the web pages' textual content have been shown to be suitable as search engine queries when trying to discover a (missing) web page. Read More

Missing web pages (pages that return the 404 "Page Not Found" error) are part of the browsing experience. The manual use of search engines to rediscover missing pages can be frustrating and unsuccessful. We compare four automated methods for rediscovering web pages. Read More

We propose a new criterion for distinguishing the Hertz-Millis (HM) and the local quantum critical (LQC) mechanism in heavy fermion systems with a magnetic quantum phase transition (QPT). The criterion is based on our finding that the spin screening of Kondo ions can be completely suppressed by the RKKY coupling to the surrounding magnetic ions even without magnetic ordering and that, consequently, the signature of this suppression can be observed in spectroscopic measurements above the magnetic ordering temperature. We apply the criterion to high-resolution photoemission (UPS) measurements on CeCu$_{6-x}$Au$_{x}$ and conclude that the QPT in this system is dominated by the LQC scenario. Read More

Solids with strong electron correlations generally develop exotic phases of electron matter at low temperatures. Among such systems, the heavy-fermion semi-metal URu2Si2 presents an enigmatic transition at To = 17.5 K to a `hidden order' state whose order parameter remains unknown after 23 years of intense research. Read More