M. Fowler - Department of Physics, University of Virginia

M. Fowler
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M. Fowler
Department of Physics, University of Virginia
United States

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Nuclear Experiment (6)
Solar and Stellar Astrophysics (1)
High Energy Physics - Experiment (1)
Physics - Superconductivity (1)
High Energy Physics - Theory (1)
Quantitative Biology - Genomics (1)
Quantitative Biology - Neurons and Cognition (1)
Physics - Plasma Physics (1)
Nuclear Theory (1)
Computer Science - Cryptography and Security (1)
Physics - Instrumentation and Detectors (1)

Publications Authored By M. Fowler

We present the first measurements of reaction-in-flight (RIF) neutrons in an inertial confinement fusion system. The experiments were carried out at the National Ignition Facility, using both Low Foot and High Foot drives and cryogenic plastic capsules. In both cases, the high-energy RIF ($E_n>$ 15 MeV) component of the neutron spectrum was found to be about $10^{-4}$ of the total. Read More

A significant limitation of current cyber security research and techniques is its reactive and applied nature. This leads to a continuous 'cyber cycle' of attackers scanning networks, developing exploits and attacking systems, with defenders detecting attacks, analyzing exploits and patching systems. This reactive nature leaves sensitive systems highly vulnerable to attack due to un-patched systems and undetected exploits. Read More

The quest for improved neutron capture cross sections for advanced reactor concepts, transmutation of radioactive wastes as well as for astrophysical scenarios of neutron capture nucleosynthesis has motivated new experimental efforts based on modern techniques. Recent measurements in the keV region have shown that a 4p BaF2 detector represents an accurate and versatile instrument for such studies. The present work deals with the potential of such a 4p BaF2 detector in combination with spallation neutron sources, which offer large neutron fluxes over a wide energy range. Read More

Metabotropic glutamate receptor 5 (mGluR5) null mutant (-/-) mice have been reported to totally lack the rein- forcing or locomotor stimulating effects of cocaine. We tested mGluR5 -/- and +/+ mice for their locomotor and conditioned place- preference response to cocaine. Unlike the previous finding, here we show that compared to mGluR5 +/+ mice, -/- mice exhibit no difference in the locomotor response to low to moderate doses of cocaine (10 or 20 mg/kg). Read More

Authors: B. Aharmim, S. N. Ahmed, J. F. Amsbaugh, J. M. Anaya, A. E. Anthony, J. Banar, N. Barros, E. W. Beier, A. Bellerive, B. Beltran, M. Bergevin, S. D. Biller, K. Boudjemline, M. G. Boulay, T. J. Bowles, M. C. Browne, T. V. Bullard, T. H. Burritt, B. Cai, Y. D. Chan, D. Chauhan, M. Chen, B. T. Cleveland, G. A. Cox, C. A. Currat, X. Dai, H. Deng, J. A. Detwiler, M. DiMarco, P. J. Doe, G. Doucas, M. R. Dragowsky, P. -L. Drouin, C. A. Duba, F. A. Duncan, M. Dunford, E. D. Earle, S. R. Elliott, H. C. Evans, G. T. Ewan, J. Farine, H. Fergani, F. Fleurot, R. J. Ford, J. A. Formaggio, M. M. Fowler, N. Gagnon, J. V. Germani, A. Goldschmidt, J. TM. Goon, K. Graham, E. Guillian, S. Habib, R. L. Hahn, A. L. Hallin, E. D. Hallman, A. A. Hamian, G. C. Harper, P. J. Harvey, R. Hazama, K. M. Heeger, W. J. Heintzelman, J. Heise, R. L. Helmer, R. Henning, A. Hime, C. Howard, M. A. Howe, M. Huang, P. Jagam, B. Jamieson, N. A. Jelley, K. J. Keeter, J. R. Klein, L. L. Kormos, M. Kos, A. Krueger, C. Kraus, C. B. Krauss, T. Kutter, C. C. M. Kyba, R. Lange, J. Law, I. T. Lawson, K. T. Lesko, J. R. Leslie, J. C. Loach, R. MacLellan, S. Majerus, H. B. Mak, J. Maneira, R. Martin, N. McCauley, A. B. McDonald, S. R. McGee, C. Mifflin, G. G. Miller, M. L. Miller, B. Monreal, J. Monroe, B. Morissette, A. W. Myers, B. G. Nickel, A. J. Noble, H. M. O'Keeffe, N. S. Oblath, R. W. Ollerhead, G. D. Orebi Gann, S. M. Oser, R. A. Ott, S. J. M. Peeters, A. W. P. Poon, G. Prior, S. D. Reitzner, K. Rielage, B. C. Robertson, R. G. H. Robertson, E. Rollin, M. H. Schwendener, J. A. Secrest, S. R. Seibert, O. Simard, J. J. Simpson, P. Skensved, M. W. E. Smith, T. J. Sonley, T. D. Steiger, L. C. Stonehill, G. Tesic, P. M. Thornewell, N. Tolich, T. Tsui, C. D. Tunnell, T. Van Wechel, R. Van Berg, B. A. VanDevender, C. J. Virtue, B. L. Wall, D. Waller, H. Wan Chan Tseung, J. Wendland, N. West, J. B. Wilhelmy, J. F. Wilkerson, J. R. Wilson, J. M. Wouters, A. Wright, M. Yeh, F. Zhang, K. Zuber

This paper details the solar neutrino analysis of the 385.17-day Phase-III data set acquired by the Sudbury Neutrino Observatory (SNO). An array of $^3$He proportional counters was installed in the heavy-water target to measure precisely the rate of neutrino-deuteron neutral-current interactions. Read More

An array of Neutral-Current Detectors (NCDs) has been built in order to make a unique measurement of the total active flux of solar neutrinos in the Sudbury Neutrino Observatory (SNO). Data in the third phase of the SNO experiment were collected between November 2004 and November 2006, after the NCD array was added to improve the neutral-current sensitivity of the SNO detector. This array consisted of 36 strings of proportional counters filled with a mixture of $^3$He and CF$_4$ gas capable of detecting the neutrons liberated by the neutrino-deuteron neutral current reaction in the D$_2$O, and four strings filled with a mixture of $^4$He and CF$_4$ gas for background measurements. Read More

The goal of this research project is to give quantitative information useful for the design of a g-ray detector to investigate neutron capture (n, g) reactions on radioactive nuclei at the Manuel Lujan Jr. Neutron Scattering Center (MLNSC) moderated neutron source at LANSCE. Data for neutron energies from thermal up to approximately 500 keV are desired. Read More

Affiliations: 1Department of Physics, University of Virginia, 2Department of Physics, University of Virginia, 3Department of Physics, University of Florida, 4Department of Physics, University of Virginia

We study the localized stationary solutions of the one-dimensional time-dependent Ginzburg-Landau equations in the presence of a current. These threshold perturbations separate undercritical perturbations which return to the normal phase from overcritical perturbations which lead to the superconducting phase. Careful numerical work in the small-current limit shows that the amplitude of these solutions is exponentially small in the current; we provide an approximate analysis which captures this behavior. Read More

Talk presented at NATO Gran Finale Conference, Como, Italy, September 1993 Read More

Using a formalism developed by Polychronakos, we explicitly construct a set of invariants of the motion for the Haldane-Shastry $SU(N)$ chain. Read More

The one-dimensional attractive lattice fermion gas equivalent to the Heisenberg-Ising spin 1/2 chain is studied for a ring geometry threaded by magnetic flux. We find that for charged fermions having interaction strength $\Delta=\cos(\pi / p)$ with $p$ {\it noninteger}, the adiabatic ground state is periodic in the magnetic flux threading the chain, with period 2 flux quanta, as found by Shastry and Sutherland for the repulsive case. We find that, at particular values of the threading field, a sequence of initially zero-energy bound states form at the Fermi surface during the adiabatic process, the largest containing $[p]$ (the integer part of $p$) fermions. Read More