M. Esposito - Instituto de Astrofísica de Canarias

M. Esposito
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Name
M. Esposito
Affiliation
Instituto de Astrofísica de Canarias
City
San Cristóbal de La Laguna
Country
Spain

Pubs By Year

Pub Categories

 
Physics - Statistical Mechanics (22)
 
Earth and Planetary Astrophysics (12)
 
Solar and Stellar Astrophysics (9)
 
Physics - Mesoscopic Systems and Quantum Hall Effect (7)
 
High Energy Physics - Experiment (5)
 
Physics - Instrumentation and Detectors (4)
 
Physics - Chemical Physics (3)
 
Quantum Physics (3)
 
Physics - Optics (2)
 
Astrophysics of Galaxies (2)
 
Physics - Strongly Correlated Electrons (2)
 
Instrumentation and Methods for Astrophysics (1)
 
Quantitative Biology - Molecular Networks (1)
 
Physics - Medical Physics (1)
 
Physics - Accelerator Physics (1)

Publications Authored By M. Esposito

We show that, in optical pump-probe experiments on bulk samples, the statistical distribution of the intensity of ultrashort light pulses after the interaction with a nonequilibrium complex material can be used to measure the time-dependent noise of the current in the system. We illustrate the general arguments for a photo-excited Peierls material. The transient noise spectroscopy allows to measure to what extent electronic degrees of freedom dynamically obey the fluctuation-dissipation theorem, and how well they thermalize during the coherent lattice vibrations. Read More

We report the discovery of a super-Earth orbiting at the inner edge of the habitable zone of the star GJ 625 based on the analysis of the radial-velocity (RV) time series from the HARPS-N spectrograph, consisting in 151 HARPS-N measurements taken over 3.5 yr. GJ 625 b is a planet with a minimum mass M sin $i$ of 2. Read More

[Abridged] We carried out a Bayesian homogeneous determination of the orbital parameters of 231 transiting giant planets (TGPs) that are alone or have distant companions; we employed DE-MCMC methods to analyse radial-velocity (RV) data from the literature and 782 new high-accuracy RVs obtained with the HARPS-N spectrograph for 45 systems over 3 years. Our work yields the largest sample of systems with a transiting giant exoplanet and coherently determined orbital, planetary, and stellar parameters. We found that the orbital parameters of TGPs in non-compact planetary systems are clearly shaped by tides raised by their host stars. Read More

We investigate the activity induced signals related to rotation in late type stars (FGKM). We analyse the Ca II H&K, the H alpha and the radial velocity time-series of 55 stars using the spectra from the HARPS public database and the light-curves provided by the ASAS survey. We search for short term periodic signals in the time-series of activity indicators as well as in the photometric light-curves. Read More

Nonequilibrium thermodynamics often presumes that the observer has complete information about the system he/she deals with: no parasitic current, exact evaluation of the forces that drive the system. For example, the acclaimed Fluctuation Relation (FR), relating the probability of time-forward and time-reversed events, holds on the assumption that measurable transitions suffice to characterize the process as Markovian (in our case, a continuous-time "jump" process). However, most often the observer only measures marginal information. Read More

We consider a classical and possibly driven composite system $X \otimes Y$ weakly coupled to a Markovian thermal reservoir $R$ so that an unambiguous stochastic thermodynamics ensues for $X \otimes Y$. This setup can be equivalently seen as a system $X$ strongly coupled to a non-Markovian reservoir $Y \otimes R$. We demonstrate that only in the limit where the dynamics of $Y$ is much faster then $X$, our unambiguous expressions for thermodynamic quantities such as heat, entropy or internal energy, are equivalent to the strong coupling expressions recently obtained in the literature using the Hamiltonian of mean force. Read More

We present the results of a study of the stellar and accretion properties of the (almost) complete sample of class II and transitional YSOs in the Lupus I, II, III and IV clouds, based on spectroscopic data acquired with the VLT/X-Shooter spectrograph. Our study combines the dataset from our previous work with new observations of 55 additional objects. We have investigated 92 YSO candidates in total, 11 of which have been definitely identified with giant stars unrelated to Lupus. Read More

In order to understand the observed physical and orbital diversity of extrasolar planetary systems, a full investigation of these objects and of their host stars is necessary. Within this field, one of the main purposes of the GAPS observing project with HARPS-N@TNG is to provide a more detailed characterisation of already known systems. In this framework we monitored the star, hosting two giant planets, HD108874, with HARPS-N for three years in order to refine the orbits, to improve the dynamical study and to search for additional low-mass planets in close orbits. Read More

Magnetic resonance imaging technique known as DWI (diffusion-weighted imaging) allows measurement of water diffusivity on a pixel basis for evaluating pathology throughout the body and is now routinely incorporated into many body MRI protocols, mainly in oncology. Indeed water molecules motion reflects the interactions with other molecules, membranes, cells, and in general the interactions with the environment. Microstructural changes as e. Read More

The widely debated feasibility of thermodynamic machines achieving Carnot efficiency at finite power has been convincingly ruled out by several recent results. Yet, the common wisdom that efficiency can only be optimal in the limit of infinitely-slow processes overlooks the dual scenario of infinitely-fast processes. We corroborate that efficient engines at divergent power are theoretically possible, framing our claims in the theory of Stochastic Thermodynamics. Read More

We establish quantum thermodynamics for open quantum systems weakly coupled to their reservoirs when the system exhibits degeneracies. The first and second law of thermodynamics are derived, as well as a finite-time fluctuation theorem for mechanical work and energy and matter currents. Using a double quantum dot junction model, local eigenbasis coherences are shown to play a crucial role on thermodynamics and on the electron counting statistics. Read More

We expand the standard thermodynamic framework of a system coupled to a thermal reservoir by considering a stream of independently prepared units repeatedly put into contact with the system. These units can be in any nonequilibrium state and interact with the system with an arbitrary strength and duration. We show that this stream constitutes an effective resource of nonequilibrium free energy and identify the conditions under which it behaves as a heat, work or information reservoir. Read More

After establishing stochastic thermodynamics for underdamped Langevin systems in contact with multiple reservoirs, we derive its overdamped limit using timescale separation techniques. The overdamped theory is different from the naive theory that one obtains when starting from overdamped Langevin or Fokker-Planck dynamics and only coincide with it in presence of a single reservoir. The reason is that the coarse-grained fast momenta dynamics reaches a nonequilibrium state which conducts heat in presence of multiple reservoirs. Read More

2016Aug
Authors: The CLIC, CLICdp collaborations, :, M. J. Boland, U. Felzmann, P. J. Giansiracusa, T. G. Lucas, R. P. Rassool, C. Balazs, T. K. Charles, K. Afanaciev, I. Emeliantchik, A. Ignatenko, V. Makarenko, N. Shumeiko, A. Patapenka, I. Zhuk, A. C. Abusleme Hoffman, M. A. Diaz Gutierrez, M. Vogel Gonzalez, Y. Chi, X. He, G. Pei, S. Pei, G. Shu, X. Wang, J. Zhang, F. Zhao, Z. Zhou, H. Chen, Y. Gao, W. Huang, Y. P. Kuang, B. Li, Y. Li, J. Shao, J. Shi, C. Tang, X. Wu, L. Ma, Y. Han, W. Fang, Q. Gu, D. Huang, X. Huang, J. Tan, Z. Wang, Z. Zhao, T. Laštovička, U. Uggerhoj, T. N. Wistisen, A. Aabloo, K. Eimre, K. Kuppart, S. Vigonski, V. Zadin, M. Aicheler, E. Baibuz, E. Brücken, F. Djurabekova, P. Eerola, F. Garcia, E. Haeggström, K. Huitu, V. Jansson, V. Karimaki, I. Kassamakov, A. Kyritsakis, S. Lehti, A. Meriläinen, R. Montonen, T. Niinikoski, K. Nordlund, K. Österberg, M. Parekh, N. A. Törnqvist, J. Väinölä, M. Veske, W. Farabolini, A. Mollard, O. Napoly, F. Peauger, J. Plouin, P. Bambade, I. Chaikovska, R. Chehab, M. Davier, W. Kaabi, E. Kou, F. LeDiberder, R. Pöschl, D. Zerwas, B. Aimard, G. Balik, J. -P. Baud, J. -J. Blaising, L. Brunetti, M. Chefdeville, C. Drancourt, N. Geoffroy, J. Jacquemier, A. Jeremie, Y. Karyotakis, J. M. Nappa, S. Vilalte, G. Vouters, A. Bernard, I. Peric, M. Gabriel, F. Simon, M. Szalay, N. van der Kolk, T. Alexopoulos, E. N. Gazis, N. Gazis, E. Ikarios, V. Kostopoulos, S. Kourkoulis, P. D. Gupta, P. Shrivastava, H. Arfaei, M. K. Dayyani, H. Ghasem, S. S. Hajari, H. Shaker, Y. Ashkenazy, H. Abramowicz, Y. Benhammou, O. Borysov, S. Kananov, A. Levy, I. Levy, O. Rosenblat, G. D'Auria, S. Di Mitri, T. Abe, A. Aryshev, T. Higo, Y. Makida, S. Matsumoto, T. Shidara, T. Takatomi, Y. Takubo, T. Tauchi, N. Toge, K. Ueno, J. Urakawa, A. Yamamoto, M. Yamanaka, R. Raboanary, R. Hart, H. van der Graaf, G. Eigen, J. Zalieckas, E. Adli, R. Lillestøl, L. Malina, J. Pfingstner, K. N. Sjobak, W. Ahmed, M. I. Asghar, H. Hoorani, S. Bugiel, R. Dasgupta, M. Firlej, T. A. Fiutowski, M. Idzik, M. Kopec, M. Kuczynska, J. Moron, K. P. Swientek, W. Daniluk, B. Krupa, M. Kucharczyk, T. Lesiak, A. Moszczynski, B. Pawlik, P. Sopicki, T. Wojtoń, L. Zawiejski, J. Kalinowski, M. Krawczyk, A. F. Żarnecki, E. Firu, V. Ghenescu, A. T. Neagu, T. Preda, I-S. Zgura, A. Aloev, N. Azaryan, J. Budagov, M. Chizhov, M. Filippova, V. Glagolev, A. Gongadze, S. Grigoryan, D. Gudkov, V. Karjavine, M. Lyablin, A. Olyunin, A. Samochkine, A. Sapronov, G. Shirkov, V. Soldatov, A. Solodko, E. Solodko, G. Trubnikov, I. Tyapkin, V. Uzhinsky, A. Vorozhtov, E. Levichev, N. Mezentsev, P. Piminov, D. Shatilov, P. Vobly, K. Zolotarev, I. Bozovic Jelisavcic, G. Kacarevic, S. Lukic, G. Milutinovic-Dumbelovic, M. Pandurovic, U. Iriso, F. Perez, M. Pont, J. Trenado, M. Aguilar-Benitez, J. Calero, L. Garcia-Tabares, D. Gavela, J. L. Gutierrez, D. Lopez, F. Toral, D. Moya, A. Ruiz Jimeno, I. Vila, T. Argyropoulos, C. Blanch Gutierrez, M. Boronat, D. Esperante, A. Faus-Golfe, J. Fuster, N. Fuster Martinez, N. Galindo Muñoz, I. García, J. Giner Navarro, E. Ros, M. Vos, R. Brenner, T. Ekelöf, M. Jacewicz, J. Ögren, M. Olvegård, R. Ruber, V. Ziemann, D. Aguglia, N. Alipour Tehrani, A. Andersson, F. Andrianala, F. Antoniou, K. Artoos, S. Atieh, R. Ballabriga Sune, M. J. Barnes, J. Barranco Garcia, H. Bartosik, C. Belver-Aguilar, A. Benot Morell, D. R. Bett, S. Bettoni, G. Blanchot, O. Blanco Garcia, X. A. Bonnin, O. Brunner, H. Burkhardt, S. Calatroni, M. Campbell, N. Catalan Lasheras, M. Cerqueira Bastos, A. Cherif, E. Chevallay, B. Constance, R. Corsini, B. Cure, S. Curt, B. Dalena, D. Dannheim, G. De Michele, L. De Oliveira, N. Deelen, J. P. Delahaye, T. Dobers, S. Doebert, M. Draper, F. Duarte Ramos, A. Dubrovskiy, K. Elsener, J. Esberg, M. Esposito, V. Fedosseev, P. Ferracin, A. Fiergolski, K. Foraz, A. Fowler, F. Friebel, J-F. Fuchs, C. A. Fuentes Rojas, A. Gaddi, L. Garcia Fajardo, H. Garcia Morales, C. Garion, L. Gatignon, J-C. Gayde, H. Gerwig, A. N. Goldblatt, C. Grefe, A. Grudiev, F. G. Guillot-Vignot, M. L. Gutt-Mostowy, M. Hauschild, C. Hessler, J. K. Holma, E. Holzer, M. Hourican, D. Hynds, Y. Inntjore Levinsen, B. Jeanneret, E. Jensen, M. Jonker, M. Kastriotou, J. M. K. Kemppinen, R. B. Kieffer, W. Klempt, O. Kononenko, A. Korsback, E. Koukovini Platia, J. W. Kovermann, C-I. Kozsar, I. Kremastiotis, S. Kulis, A. Latina, F. Leaux, P. Lebrun, T. Lefevre, L. Linssen, X. Llopart Cudie, A. A. Maier, H. Mainaud Durand, E. Manosperti, C. Marelli, E. Marin Lacoma, R. Martin, S. Mazzoni, G. Mcmonagle, O. Mete, L. M. Mether, M. Modena, R. M. Münker, T. Muranaka, E. Nebot Del Busto, N. Nikiforou, D. Nisbet, J-M. Nonglaton, F. X. Nuiry, A. Nürnberg, M. Olvegard, J. Osborne, S. Papadopoulou, Y. Papaphilippou, A. Passarelli, M. Patecki, L. Pazdera, D. Pellegrini, K. Pepitone, E. Perez Codina, A. Perez Fontenla, T. H. B. Persson, M. Petrič, F. Pitters, S. Pittet, F. Plassard, R. Rajamak, S. Redford, Y. Renier, S. F. Rey, G. Riddone, L. Rinolfi, E. Rodriguez Castro, P. Roloff, C. Rossi, V. Rude, G. Rumolo, A. Sailer, E. Santin, D. Schlatter, H. Schmickler, D. Schulte, N. Shipman, E. Sicking, R. Simoniello, P. K. Skowronski, P. Sobrino Mompean, L. Soby, M. P. Sosin, S. Sroka, S. Stapnes, G. Sterbini, R. Ström, I. Syratchev, F. Tecker, P. A. Thonet, L. Timeo, H. Timko, R. Tomas Garcia, P. Valerio, A. L. Vamvakas, A. Vivoli, M. A. Weber, R. Wegner, M. Wendt, B. Woolley, W. Wuensch, J. Uythoven, H. Zha, P. Zisopoulos, M. Benoit, M. Vicente Barreto Pinto, M. Bopp, H. H. Braun, M. Csatari Divall, M. Dehler, T. Garvey, J. Y. Raguin, L. Rivkin, R. Zennaro, A. Aksoy, Z. Nergiz, E. Pilicer, I. Tapan, O. Yavas, V. Baturin, R. Kholodov, S. Lebedynskyi, V. Miroshnichenko, S. Mordyk, I. Profatilova, V. Storizhko, N. Watson, A. Winter, J. Goldstein, S. Green, J. S. Marshall, M. A. Thomson, B. Xu, W. A. Gillespie, R. Pan, M. A Tyrk, D. Protopopescu, A. Robson, R. Apsimon, I. Bailey, G. Burt, D. Constable, A. Dexter, S. Karimian, C. Lingwood, M. D. Buckland, G. Casse, J. Vossebeld, A. Bosco, P. Karataev, K. Kruchinin, K. Lekomtsev, L. Nevay, J. Snuverink, E. Yamakawa, V. Boisvert, S. Boogert, G. Boorman, S. Gibson, A. Lyapin, W. Shields, P. Teixeira-Dias, S. West, R. Jones, N. Joshi, R. Bodenstein, P. N. Burrows, G. B. Christian, D. Gamba, C. Perry, J. Roberts, J. A. Clarke, N. A. Collomb, S. P. Jamison, B. J. A. Shepherd, D. Walsh, M. Demarteau, J. Repond, H. Weerts, L. Xia, J. D. Wells, C. Adolphsen, T. Barklow, M. Breidenbach, N. Graf, J. Hewett, T. Markiewicz, D. McCormick, K. Moffeit, Y. Nosochkov, M. Oriunno, N. Phinney, T. Rizzo, S. Tantawi, F. Wang, J. Wang, G. White, M. Woodley

The Compact Linear Collider (CLIC) is a multi-TeV high-luminosity linear e+e- collider under development. For an optimal exploitation of its physics potential, CLIC is foreseen to be built and operated in a staged approach with three centre-of-mass energy stages ranging from a few hundred GeV up to 3 TeV. The first stage will focus on precision Standard Model physics, in particular Higgs and top-quark measurements. Read More

We develop a consistent stochastic thermodynamics for environments composed of thermodynamic reservoirs in an external conservative force field, that is environments described by the Generalized or Gibbs canonical ensemble. We demonstrate that small systems weakly coupled to such reservoirs exchange both heat and work by verifying a local detailed balance relation for the induced stochastic dynamics. Based on this analysis, we help to rationalize the observation that nonthermal reservoirs can increase the efficiency of thermodynamic heat engines. Read More

The high pseudo-rapidity region of the CMS muon system is covered by Cathode Strip Chambers (CSC) only and lacks redundant coverage despite the fact that it is a challenging region for muons in terms of backgrounds and momentum resolution. In order to maintain good efficiency for the muon trigger in this region additional RPCs are planned to be installed in the two outermost stations at low angle named RE3/1 and RE4/1. These stations will use RPCs with finer granularity and good timing resolution to mitigate background effects and to increase the redundancy of the system. Read More

2016Jun
Authors: F. Lagarde1, M. Gouzevitch2, I. Laktineh3, V. Buridon4, X. Chen5, C. Combaret6, A. Eynard7, L. Germani8, G. Grenier9, H. Mathez10, L. Mirabito11, A. Petrukhin12, A. Steen13, W. Tromeuraa14, Y. Wang15, A. Gongab16, N. Moreau17, C. de la Taille18, F. Dulucqac19, A. Cimmino20, S. Crucy21, A. Fagot22, M. Gul23, A. A. O. Rios24, M. Tytgat25, N. Zaganidisb26, S. Aly27, Y. Assran28, A. Radi29, A. Sayedc30, G. Singhd31, M. Abbrescia32, G. Iaselli33, M. Maggi34, G. Pugliese35, P. Verwilligene36, W. Van Doninck37, S. Colafranceschi38, A. Sharmag39, L. Benussi40, S. Bianco41, D. Piccolo42, F. Primaverah43, V. Bhatnagar44, R. Kumari45, A. Mehta46, J. Singhi47, A. Ahmad48, W. Ahmed49, H. M. I. Asghar50, I. M. Awan51, R. Hoorani52, S. Muhammad53, H. Shahzad54, M. A. Shah55, S. W. Cho56, S. Y. Choi57, B. Hong58, M. H. Kang59, K. S. Lee60, J. H. Lim61, S. K. Parkk62, M. S. Kiml63, S. Carpinteyro Bernardino64, I. Pedraza65, C. Uribe Estradam66, S. Carrillo Moreno67, F. Vazquez Valencian68, L. M. Panto69, S. Buontempo70, N. Cavallo71, M. Esposito72, F. Fabozzi73, G. Lanza74, I. Orso75, L. Lista76, S. Meola77, M. Merola78, P. Paolucci79, F. Thyssen80, A. Braghieri81, A. Magnani82, P. Montagna83, C. Riccardi84, P. Salvini85, I. Vai86, P. Vituloq87, Y. Ban88, S. J. Qianr89, M. Choi90, Y. Choi91, J. Goh92, D. Kimt93, A. Aleksandrov94, R. Hadjiiska95, P. Iaydjiev96, M. Rodozov97, S. Stoykova98, G. Sultanov99, M. Vutovau100, A. Dimitrov101, L. Litov102, B. Pavlov103, P. Petkovv104, I. Bagaturia105, D. Lomidzew106, C. Avila107, A. Cabrera108, J. C. Sanabria109, I. Crottyy110, J. Vaitkusz111
Affiliations: 1on behalf of CMS RPC collaboration, 2on behalf of CMS RPC collaboration, 3on behalf of CMS RPC collaboration, 4on behalf of CMS RPC collaboration, 5on behalf of CMS RPC collaboration, 6on behalf of CMS RPC collaboration, 7on behalf of CMS RPC collaboration, 8on behalf of CMS RPC collaboration, 9on behalf of CMS RPC collaboration, 10on behalf of CMS RPC collaboration, 11on behalf of CMS RPC collaboration, 12on behalf of CMS RPC collaboration, 13on behalf of CMS RPC collaboration, 14on behalf of CMS RPC collaboration, 15on behalf of CMS RPC collaboration, 16on behalf of CMS RPC collaboration, 17on behalf of CMS RPC collaboration, 18on behalf of CMS RPC collaboration, 19on behalf of CMS RPC collaboration, 20on behalf of CMS RPC collaboration, 21on behalf of CMS RPC collaboration, 22on behalf of CMS RPC collaboration, 23on behalf of CMS RPC collaboration, 24on behalf of CMS RPC collaboration, 25on behalf of CMS RPC collaboration, 26on behalf of CMS RPC collaboration, 27on behalf of CMS RPC collaboration, 28on behalf of CMS RPC collaboration, 29on behalf of CMS RPC collaboration, 30on behalf of CMS RPC collaboration, 31on behalf of CMS RPC collaboration, 32on behalf of CMS RPC collaboration, 33on behalf of CMS RPC collaboration, 34on behalf of CMS RPC collaboration, 35on behalf of CMS RPC collaboration, 36on behalf of CMS RPC collaboration, 37on behalf of CMS RPC collaboration, 38on behalf of CMS RPC collaboration, 39on behalf of CMS RPC collaboration, 40on behalf of CMS RPC collaboration, 41on behalf of CMS RPC collaboration, 42on behalf of CMS RPC collaboration, 43on behalf of CMS RPC collaboration, 44on behalf of CMS RPC collaboration, 45on behalf of CMS RPC collaboration, 46on behalf of CMS RPC collaboration, 47on behalf of CMS RPC collaboration, 48on behalf of CMS RPC collaboration, 49on behalf of CMS RPC collaboration, 50on behalf of CMS RPC collaboration, 51on behalf of CMS RPC collaboration, 52on behalf of CMS RPC collaboration, 53on behalf of CMS RPC collaboration, 54on behalf of CMS RPC collaboration, 55on behalf of CMS RPC collaboration, 56on behalf of CMS RPC collaboration, 57on behalf of CMS RPC collaboration, 58on behalf of CMS RPC collaboration, 59on behalf of CMS RPC collaboration, 60on behalf of CMS RPC collaboration, 61on behalf of CMS RPC collaboration, 62on behalf of CMS RPC collaboration, 63on behalf of CMS RPC collaboration, 64on behalf of CMS RPC collaboration, 65on behalf of CMS RPC collaboration, 66on behalf of CMS RPC collaboration, 67on behalf of CMS RPC collaboration, 68on behalf of CMS RPC collaboration, 69on behalf of CMS RPC collaboration, 70on behalf of CMS RPC collaboration, 71on behalf of CMS RPC collaboration, 72on behalf of CMS RPC collaboration, 73on behalf of CMS RPC collaboration, 74on behalf of CMS RPC collaboration, 75on behalf of CMS RPC collaboration, 76on behalf of CMS RPC collaboration, 77on behalf of CMS RPC collaboration, 78on behalf of CMS RPC collaboration, 79on behalf of CMS RPC collaboration, 80on behalf of CMS RPC collaboration, 81on behalf of CMS RPC collaboration, 82on behalf of CMS RPC collaboration, 83on behalf of CMS RPC collaboration, 84on behalf of CMS RPC collaboration, 85on behalf of CMS RPC collaboration, 86on behalf of CMS RPC collaboration, 87on behalf of CMS RPC collaboration, 88on behalf of CMS RPC collaboration, 89on behalf of CMS RPC collaboration, 90on behalf of CMS RPC collaboration, 91on behalf of CMS RPC collaboration, 92on behalf of CMS RPC collaboration, 93on behalf of CMS RPC collaboration, 94on behalf of CMS RPC collaboration, 95on behalf of CMS RPC collaboration, 96on behalf of CMS RPC collaboration, 97on behalf of CMS RPC collaboration, 98on behalf of CMS RPC collaboration, 99on behalf of CMS RPC collaboration, 100on behalf of CMS RPC collaboration, 101on behalf of CMS RPC collaboration, 102on behalf of CMS RPC collaboration, 103on behalf of CMS RPC collaboration, 104on behalf of CMS RPC collaboration, 105on behalf of CMS RPC collaboration, 106on behalf of CMS RPC collaboration, 107on behalf of CMS RPC collaboration, 108on behalf of CMS RPC collaboration, 109on behalf of CMS RPC collaboration, 110on behalf of CMS RPC collaboration, 111on behalf of CMS RPC collaboration

The HL-LHC phase is designed to increase by an order of magnitude the amount of data to be collected by the LHC experiments. To achieve this goal in a reasonable time scale the instantaneous luminosity would also increase by an order of magnitude up to $6.10^{34} cm^{-2} s^{-1}$ . Read More

We connect two recent advances in the stochastic analysis of nonequilibrium systems: the (loose) uncertainty principle for the currents, which states that statistical errors are bounded by thermodynamic dissipation; and the analysis of thermodynamic consistency of the currents in the light of symmetries. Employing the large deviation techniques presented in [Gingrich et al., Phys. Read More

The CMS experiment, located at the CERN Large Hadron Collider, has a redundant muon system composed by three different detector technologies: Cathode Strip Chambers (in the forward regions), Drift Tubes (in the central region) and Resistive Plate Chambers (both its central and forward regions). All three are used for muon reconstruction and triggering. During the first long shutdown (LS1) of the LHC (2013-2014) the CMS muon system has been upgraded with 144 newly installed RPCs on the forth forward stations. Read More

We report on a systematic study of double-gap and four-gap phenolic resistive plate chambers (RPCs) for future high-{\eta} RPC triggers in the CMS. In the present study, we constructed real-sized double-gap and four-gap RPCs with gap thicknesses of 1.6 and 0. Read More

Near equilibrium, where all currents of a system vanish on average, the fluctuation-dissipation relation (FDR) connects a current's spontaneous fluctuations with its response to perturbations of the conjugate thermodynamic force. Out of equilibrium, fluctuation-response relations generally involve additional nondissipative contributions. Here, in the framework of stochastic thermodynamics, we show that an equilibrium-like FDR holds for internally equilibrated currents, if the perturbing conjugate force only affects the microscopic transitions that contribute to the current. Read More

We build a rigorous nonequilibrium thermodynamic description for open chemical reaction networks of elementary reactions. Their dynamics is described by deterministic rate equations satisfying mass action law. Our most general framework considers open networks driven by time-dependent chemostats. Read More

Phenomenological nonequilibrium thermodynamics describes how fluxes of conserved quantities such as matter, energy and charge flow from outer reservoirs across a system, and how they irreversibly degrade from one form to another. Stochastic thermodynamics is formulated in terms of probability fluxes circulating in the system's configuration space. The consistency of the two frameworks is granted by the condition of local detailed balance, which specifies the amount of physical quantities exchanged with the reservoirs during single transitions between configurations. Read More

We establish a stochastic thermodynamics for a Fermionic level driven by a time-dependent force and interacting with initially thermalized levels playing the role of a reservoir. The driving induces consecutive avoided crossings between system and reservoir levels described within Landau-Zener theory. We derive the resulting system dynamics and thermodynamics and identify energy, work, heat, entropy and dissipation. Read More

Open cluster (OC) stars share the same age and metallicity, and, in general, their age and mass can be estimated with higher precision than for field stars. For this reason, OCs are considered an important laboratory to study the relation between the physical properties of the planets and those of their host stars, and the evolution of planetary systems. We started an observational campaign within the GAPS collaboration to search for and characterize planets in OCs We monitored the Praesepe member Pr0211 to improve the eccentricity of the Hot-Jupiter (HJ) already known to orbit this star and search for additional planets. Read More

We describe the oligosaccharides-exchange dynamics performed by so-called D-enzymes on polysaccharides. To mimic physiological conditions, we treat this process as an open chemical network by assuming some of the polymer concentrations fixed (chemostatting). We show that three different long-time behaviors may ensue: equilibrium states, nonequilibrium steady states, and continuous growth states. Read More

We present equilibrium and out-of-equilibrium studies of the Verwey transition in magnetite. In the equilibrium optical conductivity, we find a step-like change at the phase transition for photon energies below about 2 eV. The possibility of triggering a non-equilibrium transient metallic state in insulating magnetite by photo excitation was recently demonstrated by an x-ray study. Read More

Standard quantum state reconstruction techniques indicate that a detection efficiency of $0.5$ is an absolute threshold below which quantum interferences cannot be measured. However, alternative statistical techniques suggest that this threshold can be overcome at the price of increasing the statistics used for the reconstruction. Read More

Fluctuations of the atomic positions are at the core of a large class of unusual material properties ranging from quantum para-electricity to high temperature superconductivity. Their measurement in solids is the subject of an intense scientific debate focused on seeking a methodology capable of establishing a direct link between the variance of the atomic displacements and experimentally measurable observables. Here we address this issue by means of non-equilibrium optical experiments performed in shot-noise limited regime. Read More

We study the effect of intrinsic noise on the thermodynamic balance of complex chemical networks subtending cellular metabolism and gene regulation. A topological network property called deficiency, known to determine the possibility of complex behavior such as multistability and oscillations, is shown to also characterize the entropic balance. In particular, only when deficiency is zero does the average stochastic dissipation rate equal that of the corresponding deterministic model, where correlations are disregarded. Read More

We determine rotation periods of a sample of 48 late F-type to mid-M dwarf stars using time-series high-resolution spectroscopy of the Ca II H&K and H-alpha chromospheric activity indicators. We find good agreement between the rotation periods obtained from each of these two indicators. An empirical relationship between the level of chromospheric emission measured by log (R'HK) and the spectroscopic rotation periods is reported. Read More

Motivated by a recent work on the metabolism of carbohydrates in bacteria, we study the kinetics and thermodynamics of two classic models for reversible polymerization, one preserving the total polymer concentration and the other one not. The chemical kinetics is described by rate equations following the mass-action law. We consider a closed system and nonequilibrium initial conditions and show that the system dynamically evolves towards equilibrium where detailed balance is satisfied. Read More

We study the nonequilibrium properties of an electronic circuit composed of a double quantum dot (DQD) channel coupled to a quantum point contact (QPC) within the framework of stochastic thermodynamics. We show that the transition rates describing the dynamics satisfy a nontrivial local detailed balance (LDB) and that the statistics of energy and particle currents across both channels obeys a fluctuation theorem (FT). We analyze two regimes where the device operates as a thermodynamic machine and study its output power and efficiency fluctuations. Read More

(Abridged) Low-mass stars have been recognised as promising targets in the search for rocky, small planets with the potential of supporting life. Doppler search programmes using high-resolution spectrographs like HARPS or HARPS-N are providing huge quantities of optical spectra of M dwarfs. We aim to calibrate empirical relationships to determine stellar parameters for early M dwarfs (spectral types M0-M4. Read More

We determine the true and the projected obliquity of HAT-P-36 and WASP-11/HAT-P-10 systems, respectively, which are both composed of a relatively cool star and a hot-Jupiter planet. Thanks to the high-resolution spectrograph HARPS-N, we observed the Rossiter-McLaughlin effect for both the systems by acquiring precise radial-velocity measurements during planetary transit events. We also present photometric observations comprising six light curves covering five transit events, obtained using three medium-class telescopes and the telescope-defocussing technique. Read More

2015Feb
Authors: Giovanna Tinetti, Pierre Drossart, Paul Eccleston, Paul Hartogh, Kate Isaak, Martin Linder, Christophe Lovis, Giusi Micela, Marc Ollivier, Ludovic Puig, Ignasi Ribas, Ignas Snellen, Bruce Swinyard. France Allard, Joanna Barstow, James Cho, Athena Coustenis, Charles Cockell, Alexandre Correia, Leen Decin, Remco de Kok, Pieter Deroo, Therese Encrenaz, Francois Forget, Alistair Glasse, Caitlin Griffith, Tristan Guillot, Tommi Koskinen, Helmut Lammer, Jeremy Leconte, Pierre Maxted, Ingo Mueller-Wodarg, Richard Nelson, Chris North, Enric Pallé, Isabella Pagano, Guseppe Piccioni, David Pinfield, Franck Selsis, Alessandro Sozzetti, Lars Stixrude, Jonathan Tennyson, Diego Turrini, Mariarosa Zapatero-Osorio. Jean-Philippe Beaulieu, Denis Grodent, Manuel Guedel, David Luz, Hans Ulrik Nørgaard-Nielsen, Tom Ray, Hans Rickman, Avri Selig, Mark Swain. Marek Banaszkiewicz, Mike Barlow, Neil Bowles, Graziella Branduardi-Raymont, Vincent Coudé du Foresto, Jean-Claude Gerard, Laurent Gizon, Allan Hornstrup, Christopher Jarchow, Franz Kerschbaum, Géza Kovacs, Pierre-Olivier Lagage, Tanya Lim, Mercedes Lopez-Morales, Giuseppe Malaguti, Emanuele Pace, Enzo Pascale, Bart Vandenbussche, Gillian Wright, Gonzalo Ramos Zapata. Alberto Adriani, Ruymán Azzollini, Ana Balado, Ian Bryson, Raymond Burston, Josep Colomé, Vincent Coudé du Foresto, Martin Crook, Anna Di Giorgio, Matt Griffin, Ruud Hoogeveen, Roland Ottensamer, Ranah Irshad, Kevin Middleton, Gianluca Morgante, Frederic Pinsard, Mirek Rataj, Jean-Michel Reess, Giorgio Savini, Jan-Rutger Schrader, Richard Stamper, Berend Winter. L. Abe, M. Abreu, N. Achilleos, P. Ade, V. Adybekian, L. Affer, C. Agnor, M. Agundez, C. Alard, J. Alcala, C. Allende Prieto, F. J. Alonso Floriano, F. Altieri, C. A. Alvarez Iglesias, P. Amado, A. Andersen, A. Aylward, C. Baffa, G. Bakos, P. Ballerini, M. Banaszkiewicz, R. J. Barber, D. Barrado, E. J. Barton, V. Batista, G. Bellucci, J. A. Belmonte Avilés, D. Berry, B. Bézard, D. Biondi, M. Błęcka, I. Boisse, B. Bonfond, P. Bordé, P. Börner, H. Bouy, L. Brown, L. Buchhave, J. Budaj, A. Bulgarelli, M. Burleigh, A. Cabral, M. T. Capria, A. Cassan, C. Cavarroc, C. Cecchi-Pestellini, R. Cerulli, J. Chadney, S. Chamberlain, S. Charnoz, N. Christian Jessen, A. Ciaravella, A. Claret, R. Claudi, A. Coates, R. Cole, A. Collura, D. Cordier, E. Covino, C. Danielski, M. Damasso, H. J. Deeg, E. Delgado-Mena, C. Del Vecchio, O. Demangeon, A. De Sio, J. De Wit, M. Dobrijévic, P. Doel, C. Dominic, E. Dorfi, S. Eales, C. Eiroa, M. Espinoza Contreras, M. Esposito, V. Eymet, N. Fabrizio, M. Fernández, B. Femenía Castella, P. Figueira, G. Filacchione, L. Fletcher, M. Focardi, S. Fossey, P. Fouqué, J. Frith, M. Galand, L. Gambicorti, P. Gaulme, R. J. García López, A. Garcia-Piquer, W. Gear, J. -C. Gerard, L. Gesa, E. Giani, F. Gianotti, M. Gillon, E. Giro, M. Giuranna, H. Gomez, I. Gomez-Leal, J. Gonzalez Hernandez, B. González Merino, R. Graczyk, D. Grassi, J. Guardia, P. Guio, J. Gustin, P. Hargrave, J. Haigh, E. Hébrard, U. Heiter, R. L. Heredero, E. Herrero, F. Hersant, D. Heyrovsky, M. Hollis, B. Hubert, R. Hueso, G. Israelian, N. Iro, P. Irwin, S. Jacquemoud, G. Jones, H. Jones, K. Justtanont, T. Kehoe, F. Kerschbaum, E. Kerins, P. Kervella, D. Kipping, T. Koskinen, N. Krupp, O. Lahav, B. Laken, N. Lanza, E. Lellouch, G. Leto, J. Licandro Goldaracena, C. Lithgow-Bertelloni, S. J. Liu, U. Lo Cicero, N. Lodieu, P. Lognonné, M. Lopez-Puertas, M. A. Lopez-Valverde, I. Lundgaard Rasmussen, A. Luntzer, P. Machado, C. MacTavish, A. Maggio, J. -P. Maillard, W. Magnes, J. Maldonado, U. Mall, J. -B. Marquette, P. Mauskopf, F. Massi, A. -S. Maurin, A. Medvedev, C. Michaut, P. Miles-Paez, M. Montalto, P. Montañés Rodríguez, M. Monteiro, D. Montes, H. Morais, J. C. Morales, M. Morales-Calderón, G. Morello, A. Moro Martín, J. Moses, A. Moya Bedon, F. Murgas Alcaino, E. Oliva, G. Orton, F. Palla, M. Pancrazzi, E. Pantin, V. Parmentier, H. Parviainen, K. Y. Peña Ramírez, J. Peralta, S. Perez-Hoyos, R. Petrov, S. Pezzuto, R. Pietrzak, E. Pilat-Lohinger, N. Piskunov, R. Prinja, L. Prisinzano, I. Polichtchouk, E. Poretti, A. Radioti, A. A. Ramos, T. Rank-Lüftinger, P. Read, K. Readorn, R. Rebolo López, J. Rebordão, M. Rengel, L. Rezac, M. Rocchetto, F. Rodler, V. J. Sánchez Béjar, A. Sanchez Lavega, E. Sanromá, N. Santos, J. Sanz Forcada, G. Scandariato, F. -X. Schmider, A. Scholz, S. Scuderi, J. Sethenadh, S. Shore, A. Showman, B. Sicardy, P. Sitek, A. Smith, L. Soret, S. Sousa, A. Stiepen, M. Stolarski, G. Strazzulla, H. M Tabernero, P. Tanga, M. Tecsa, J. Temple, L. Terenzi, M. Tessenyi, L. Testi, S. Thompson, H. Thrastarson, B. W. Tingley, M. Trifoglio, J. Martín Torres, A. Tozzi, D. Turrini, R. Varley, F. Vakili, M. de Val-Borro, M. L. Valdivieso, O. Venot, E. Villaver, S. Vinatier, S. Viti, I. Waldmann, D. Waltham, D. Ward-Thompson, R. Waters, C. Watkins, D. Watson, P. Wawer, A. Wawrzaszk, G. White, T. Widemann, W. Winek, T. Wiśniowski, R. Yelle, Y. Yung, S. N. Yurchenko

The discovery of almost 2000 exoplanets has revealed an unexpectedly diverse planet population. Observations to date have shown that our Solar System is certainly not representative of the general population of planets in our Milky Way. The key science questions that urgently need addressing are therefore: What are exoplanets made of? Why are planets as they are? What causes the exceptional diversity observed as compared to the Solar System? EChO (Exoplanet Characterisation Observatory) has been designed as a dedicated survey mission for transit and eclipse spectroscopy capable of observing a large and diverse planet sample within its four-year mission lifetime. Read More

We present a method, based on characterizing efficiency fluctuations, to asses the performance of nanoscale thermoelectric junctions. This method accounts for effects typically arising in small junctions, namely, stochasticity in the junction's performance, quantum effects, and nonequilibrium features preventing a linear response analysis. It is based on a nonequilibrium Green's function (NEGF) approach, which we use to derive the full counting statistics (FCS) for heat and work, and which in turn allows us to calculate the statistical properties of efficiency fluctuations. Read More

2015Jan
Authors: Shadab Alam1, Franco D. Albareti2, Carlos Allende Prieto3, F. Anders4, Scott F. Anderson5, Brett H. Andrews6, Eric Armengaud7, Éric Aubourg8, Stephen Bailey9, Julian E. Bautista10, Rachael L. Beaton11, Timothy C. Beers12, Chad F. Bender13, Andreas A. Berlind14, Florian Beutler15, Vaishali Bhardwaj16, Jonathan C. Bird17, Dmitry Bizyaev18, Cullen H. Blake19, Michael R. Blanton20, Michael Blomqvist21, John J. Bochanski22, Adam S. Bolton23, Jo Bovy24, A. Shelden Bradley25, W. N. Brandt26, D. E. Brauer27, J. Brinkmann28, Peter J. Brown29, Joel R. Brownstein30, Angela Burden31, Etienne Burtin32, Nicolás G. Busca33, Zheng Cai34, Diego Capozzi35, Aurelio Carnero Rosell36, Ricardo Carrera37, Yen-Chi Chen38, Cristina Chiappini39, S. Drew Chojnowski40, Chia-Hsun Chuang41, Nicolas Clerc42, Johan Comparat43, Kevin Covey44, Rupert A. C. Croft45, Antonio J. Cuesta46, Katia Cunha47, Luiz N. da Costa48, Nicola Da Rio49, James R. A. Davenport50, Kyle S. Dawson51, Nathan De Lee52, Timothée Delubac53, Rohit Deshpande54, Letícia Dutra-Ferreira55, Tom Dwelly56, Anne Ealet57, Garrett L. Ebelke58, Edward M. Edmondson59, Daniel J. Eisenstein60, Stephanie Escoffier61, Massimiliano Esposito62, Xiaohui Fan63, Emma Fernández-Alvar64, Diane Feuillet65, Nurten Filiz Ak66, Hayley Finley67, Alexis Finoguenov68, Kevin Flaherty69, Scott W. Fleming70, Andreu Font-Ribera71, Jonathan Foster72, Peter M. Frinchaboy73, J. G. Galbraith-Frew74, D. A. García-Hernández75, Ana E. García Pérez76, Patrick Gaulme77, Jian Ge78, R. Génova-Santos79, Luan Ghezzi80, Bruce A. Gillespie81, Léo Girardi82, Daniel Goddard83, Satya Gontcho A Gontcho84, Jonay I. González Hernández85, Eva K. Grebel86, Jan Niklas Grieb87, Nolan Grieves88, James E. Gunn89, Hong Guo90, Paul Harding91, Sten Hasselquist92, Suzanne L. Hawley93, Michael Hayden94, Fred R. Hearty95, Shirley Ho96, David W. Hogg97, Kelly Holley-Bockelmann98, Jon A. Holtzman99, Klaus Honscheid100, Joseph Huehnerhoff101, Linhua Jiang102, Jennifer A. Johnson103, Karen Kinemuchi104, David Kirkby105, Francisco Kitaura106, Mark A. Klaene107, Jean-Paul Kneib108, Xavier P. Koenig109, Charles R. Lam110, Ting-Wen Lan111, Dustin Lang112, Pierre Laurent113, Jean-Marc Le Goff114, Alexie Leauthaud115, Khee-Gan Lee116, Young Sun Lee117, Timothy C. Licquia118, Jian Liu119, Daniel C. Long120, Martín López-Corredoira121, Diego Lorenzo-Oliveira122, Sara Lucatello123, Britt Lundgren124, Robert H. Lupton125, Claude E. Mack III126, Suvrath Mahadevan127, Marcio A. G. Maia128, Steven R. Majewski129, Elena Malanushenko130, Viktor Malanushenko131, A. Manchado132, Marc Manera133, Qingqing Mao134, Claudia Maraston135, Robert C. Marchwinski136, Daniel Margala137, Sarah L. Martell138, Marie Martig139, Karen L. Masters140, Cameron K. McBride141, Peregrine M. McGehee142, Ian D. McGreer143, Richard G. McMahon144, Brice Ménard145, Marie-Luise Menzel146, Andrea Merloni147, Szabolcs Mészáros148, Adam A. Miller149, Jordi Miralda-Escudé150, Hironao Miyatake151, Antonio D. Montero-Dorta152, Surhud More153, Xan Morice-Atkinson154, Heather L. Morrison155, Demitri Muna156, Adam D. Myers157, Jeffrey A. Newman158, Mark Neyrinck159, Duy Cuong Nguyen160, Robert C. Nichol161, David L. Nidever162, Pasquier Noterdaeme163, Sebastián E. Nuza164, Julia E. O'Connell165, Robert W. O'Connell166, Ross O'Connell167, Ricardo L. C. Ogando168, Matthew D. Olmstead169, Audrey E. Oravetz170, Daniel J. Oravetz171, Keisuke Osumi172, Russell Owen173, Deborah L. Padgett174, Nikhil Padmanabhan175, Martin Paegert176, Nathalie Palanque-Delabrouille177, Kaike Pan178, John K. Parejko179, Changbom Park180, Isabelle Pâris181, Petchara Pattarakijwanich182, M. Pellejero-Ibanez183, Joshua Pepper184, Will J. Percival185, Ismael Pérez-Fournon186, Ignasi Pérez-Ràfols187, Patrick Petitjean188, Matthew M. Pieri189, Marc H. Pinsonneault190, Gustavo F. Porto de Mello191, Francisco Prada192, Abhishek Prakash193, Adrian M. Price-Whelan194, M. Jordan Raddick195, Mubdi Rahman196, Beth A. Reid197, James Rich198, Hans-Walter Rix199, Annie C. Robin200, Constance M. Rockosi201, Thaíse S. Rodrigues202, Sergio Rodríguez-Rottes203, Natalie A. Roe204, Ashley J. Ross205, Nicholas P. Ross206, Graziano Rossi207, John J. Ruan208, J. A. Rubiño-Martín209, Eli S. Rykoff210, Salvador Salazar-Albornoz211, Mara Salvato212, Lado Samushia213, Ariel G. Sánchez214, Basílio Santiago215, Conor Sayres216, Ricardo P. Schiavon217, David J. Schlegel218, Sarah J. Schmidt219, Donald P. Schneider220, Mathias Schultheis221, Axel D. Schwope222, C. G. Scóccola223, Kris Sellgren224, Hee-Jong Seo225, Neville Shane226, Yue Shen227, Matthew Shetrone228, Yiping Shu229, Thirupathi Sivarani230, M. F. Skrutskie231, Anže Slosar232, Verne V. Smith233, Flávia Sobreira234, Keivan G. Stassun235, Matthias Steinmetz236, Michael A. Strauss237, Alina Streblyanska238, Molly E. C. Swanson239, Jonathan C. Tan240, Jamie Tayar241, Ryan C. Terrien242, Aniruddha R. Thakar243, Daniel Thomas244, Benjamin A. Thompson245, Jeremy L. Tinker246, Rita Tojeiro247, Nicholas W. Troup248, Mariana Vargas-Magaña249, Jose A. Vazquez250, Licia Verde251, Matteo Viel252, Nicole P. Vogt253, David A. Wake254, Ji Wang255, Benjamin A. Weaver256, David H. Weinberg257, Benjamin J. Weiner258, Martin White259, John C. Wilson260, John P. Wisniewski261, W. M. Wood-Vasey262, Christophe Yèche263, Donald G. York264, Nadia L. Zakamska265, O. Zamora266, Gail Zasowski267, Idit Zehavi268, Gong-Bo Zhao269, Zheng Zheng270, Xu Zhou271, Zhimin Zhou272, Guangtun Zhu273, Hu Zou274
Affiliations: 1Bruce and Astrid McWilliams Center for Cosmology, Department of Physics, Carnegie Mellon University, 5000 Forbes Ave, Pittsburgh, PA 15213, USA, 2Instituto de Física Teórica, 3Instituto de Astrofísica de Canarias, 4Leibniz-Institut für Astrophysik Potsdam, 5Department of Astronomy, University of Washington, Box 351580, Seattle, WA 98195, USA, 6Department of Astronomy, Ohio State University, 140 West 18th Avenue, Columbus, OH 43210, USA, 7CEA, Centre de Saclay, Irfu/SPP, F-91191 Gif-sur-Yvette, France, 8APC, University of Paris Diderot, CNRS/IN2P3, CEA/IRFU, Observatoire de Paris, Sorbonne Paris Cité, F-75205 Paris, France, 9Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, One Cyclotron Road, Berkeley, CA 94720, USA, 10APC, University of Paris Diderot, CNRS/IN2P3, CEA/IRFU, Observatoire de Paris, Sorbonne Paris Cité, F-75205 Paris, France, 11Department of Astronomy, University of Virginia, P.O. Box 400325, Charlottesville, VA 22904-4325, USA, 12Department of Physics and JINA Center for the Evolution of the Elements, University of Notre Dame, Notre Dame, IN 46556 USA, 13Department of Astronomy and Astrophysics, 525 Davey Laboratory, The Pennsylvania State University, University Park, PA 16802, USA, 14Department of Physics and Astronomy, Vanderbilt University, VU Station 1807, Nashville, TN 37235, USA, 15Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, One Cyclotron Road, Berkeley, CA 94720, USA, 16Department of Astronomy, University of Washington, Box 351580, Seattle, WA 98195, USA, 17Department of Physics and Astronomy, Vanderbilt University, VU Station 1807, Nashville, TN 37235, USA, 18Apache Point Observatory, P.O. Box 59, Sunspot, NM 88349, USA, 19University of Pennsylvania, Department of Physics and Astronomy, 219 S. 33rd St., Philadelphia, PA 19104, USA, 20Center for Cosmology and Particle Physics, Department of Physics, New York University, 4 Washington Place, New York, NY 10003, USA, 21Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of California, Irvine, CA 92697, USA, 22Department of Astronomy, University of Washington, Box 351580, Seattle, WA 98195, USA, 23Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Utah, Salt Lake City, UT 84112, USA, 24Institute for Advanced Study, Einstein Drive, Princeton, NJ 08540, USA, 25Apache Point Observatory, P.O. Box 59, Sunspot, NM 88349, USA, 26Department of Astronomy and Astrophysics, 525 Davey Laboratory, The Pennsylvania State University, University Park, PA 16802, USA, 27Leibniz-Institut für Astrophysik Potsdam, 28Apache Point Observatory, P.O. Box 59, Sunspot, NM 88349, USA, 29George P. and Cynthia Woods Mitchell Institute for Fundamental Physics and Astronomy, Texas A. and M. University, Department of Physics and Astronomy, 4242 TAMU, College Station, TX 77843, USA, 30Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Utah, Salt Lake City, UT 84112, USA, 31Institute of Cosmology and Gravitation, Dennis Sciama Building, University of Portsmouth, Portsmouth, PO1 3FX, UK, 32CEA, Centre de Saclay, Irfu/SPP, F-91191 Gif-sur-Yvette, France, 33Observatório Nacional, Rua Gal. José Cristino 77, Rio de Janeiro, RJ - 20921-400, Brazil, 34Steward Observatory, 933 North Cherry Avenue, Tucson, AZ 85721, USA, 35Institute of Cosmology and Gravitation, Dennis Sciama Building, University of Portsmouth, Portsmouth, PO1 3FX, UK, 36Observatório Nacional, Rua Gal. José Cristino 77, Rio de Janeiro, RJ - 20921-400, Brazil, 37Instituto de Astrofísica de Canarias, 38Department of Statistics, Bruce and Astrid McWilliams Center for Cosmology, Carnegie Mellon University, 5000 Forbes Ave, Pittsburgh, PA 15213, USA, 39Leibniz-Institut für Astrophysik Potsdam, 40Department of Astronomy, MSC 4500, New Mexico State University, P.O. Box 30001, Las Cruces, NM 88003, USA, 41Instituto de Física Teórica, 42Max-Planck-Institut für Extraterrestrische Physik, Postfach 1312, Giessenbachstr. D-85741 Garching, Germany, 43Instituto de Física Teórica, 44Lowell Observatory, 1400 W. Mars Hill Road, Flagstaff AZ 86001, 45Bruce and Astrid McWilliams Center for Cosmology, Department of Physics, Carnegie Mellon University, 5000 Forbes Ave, Pittsburgh, PA 15213, USA, 46Institut de Ciències del Cosmos, Universitat de Barcelona/IEEC, Barcelona E-08028, Spain, 47Observatório Nacional, Rua Gal. José Cristino 77, Rio de Janeiro, RJ - 20921-400, Brazil, 48Observatório Nacional, Rua Gal. José Cristino 77, Rio de Janeiro, RJ - 20921-400, Brazil, 49Department of Astronomy, University of Florida, Bryant Space Science Center, Gainesville, FL 32611-2055, USA, 50Department of Astronomy, University of Washington, Box 351580, Seattle, WA 98195, USA, 51Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Utah, Salt Lake City, UT 84112, USA, 52Department of Physics and Geology, Northern Kentucky University, Highland Heights, KY 41099, USA, 53Laboratoire d'Astrophysique, École Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne, 54Department of Astronomy and Astrophysics, 525 Davey Laboratory, The Pennsylvania State University, University Park, PA 16802, USA, 55Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro, Observatório do Valongo, Ladeira do Pedro Antônio 43, 20080-090 Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, 56Max-Planck-Institut für Extraterrestrische Physik, Postfach 1312, Giessenbachstr. D-85741 Garching, Germany, 57Centre de Physique des Particules de Marseille, Aix-Marseille Université, CNRS/IN2P3, E-13288 Marseille, France, 58Department of Astronomy, University of Virginia, P.O. Box 400325, Charlottesville, VA 22904-4325, USA, 59Institute of Cosmology and Gravitation, Dennis Sciama Building, University of Portsmouth, Portsmouth, PO1 3FX, UK, 60Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics, 60 Garden Street, Cambridge MA 02138, USA, 61Centre de Physique des Particules de Marseille, Aix-Marseille Université, CNRS/IN2P3, E-13288 Marseille, France, 62Instituto de Astrofísica de Canarias, 63Steward Observatory, 933 North Cherry Avenue, Tucson, AZ 85721, USA, 64Instituto de Astrofísica de Canarias, 65Department of Astronomy, MSC 4500, New Mexico State University, P.O. Box 30001, Las Cruces, NM 88003, USA, 66Department of Astronomy and Astrophysics, 525 Davey Laboratory, The Pennsylvania State University, University Park, PA 16802, USA, 67Institut d'Astrophysique de Paris, UPMC-CNRS, UMR7095, 98 bis Boulevard Arago, F-75014, Paris, France, 68Department of Physics, University of Helsinki, Gustaf Hällströmin katu 2, Helsinki FI-00140, Finland, 69Department of Astronomy, Van Vleck Observatory, Wesleyan University, Middletown, CT 06459, 70Space Telescope Science Institute, 3700 San Martin Dr, Baltimore, MD 21218, USA, 71Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, One Cyclotron Road, Berkeley, CA 94720, USA, 72Yale Center for Astronomy and Astrophysics, Yale University, New Haven, CT, 06520, USA, 73Department of Physics and Astronomy, Texas Christian University, 2800 South University Drive, Fort Worth, TX 76129, USA, 74Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Utah, Salt Lake City, UT 84112, USA, 75Instituto de Astrofísica de Canarias, 76Department of Astronomy, University of Virginia, P.O. Box 400325, Charlottesville, VA 22904-4325, USA, 77Apache Point Observatory, P.O. Box 59, Sunspot, NM 88349, USA, 78Department of Astronomy, University of Florida, Bryant Space Science Center, Gainesville, FL 32611-2055, USA, 79Instituto de Astrofísica de Canarias, 80Observatório Nacional, Rua Gal. José Cristino 77, Rio de Janeiro, RJ - 20921-400, Brazil, 81Center for Astrophysical Sciences, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Johns Hopkins University, 3400 North Charles Street, Baltimore, MD 21218, USA, 82INAF, Osservatorio Astronomico di Padova, Vicolo dell'Osservatorio 5, I-35122 Padova, Italy, 83Institute of Cosmology and Gravitation, Dennis Sciama Building, University of Portsmouth, Portsmouth, PO1 3FX, UK, 84Institut de Ciències del Cosmos, Universitat de Barcelona/IEEC, Barcelona E-08028, Spain, 85Instituto de Astrofísica de Canarias, 86Astronomisches Rechen-Institut, Zentrum für Astronomie der Universität Heidelberg, Mönchhofstr. 12--14, D-69120 Heidelberg, Germany, 87Max-Planck-Institut für Extraterrestrische Physik, Postfach 1312, Giessenbachstr. D-85741 Garching, Germany, 88Department of Astronomy, University of Florida, Bryant Space Science Center, Gainesville, FL 32611-2055, USA, 89Department of Astrophysical Sciences, Princeton University, Princeton, NJ 08544, USA, 90Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Utah, Salt Lake City, UT 84112, USA, 91Department of Astronomy, Case Western Reserve University, Cleveland, OH 44106, USA, 92Department of Astronomy, MSC 4500, New Mexico State University, P.O. Box 30001, Las Cruces, NM 88003, USA, 93Department of Astronomy, University of Washington, Box 351580, Seattle, WA 98195, USA, 94Department of Astronomy, MSC 4500, New Mexico State University, P.O. Box 30001, Las Cruces, NM 88003, USA, 95Department of Astronomy and Astrophysics, 525 Davey Laboratory, The Pennsylvania State University, University Park, PA 16802, USA, 96Bruce and Astrid McWilliams Center for Cosmology, Department of Physics, Carnegie Mellon University, 5000 Forbes Ave, Pittsburgh, PA 15213, USA, 97Center for Cosmology and Particle Physics, Department of Physics, New York University, 4 Washington Place, New York, NY 10003, USA, 98Department of Physics and Astronomy, Vanderbilt University, VU Station 1807, Nashville, TN 37235, USA, 99Department of Astronomy, MSC 4500, New Mexico State University, P.O. Box 30001, Las Cruces, NM 88003, USA, 100Department of Physics, Ohio State University, Columbus, OH 43210, USA, 101Apache Point Observatory, P.O. Box 59, Sunspot, NM 88349, USA, 102Kavli Institute for Astronomy and Astrophysics, Peking University, Beijing 100871, China, 103Department of Astronomy, Ohio State University, 140 West 18th Avenue, Columbus, OH 43210, USA, 104Apache Point Observatory, P.O. Box 59, Sunspot, NM 88349, USA, 105Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of California, Irvine, CA 92697, USA, 106Leibniz-Institut für Astrophysik Potsdam, 107Apache Point Observatory, P.O. Box 59, Sunspot, NM 88349, USA, 108Laboratoire d'Astrophysique, École Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne, 109Department of Astronomy, Yale University, P.O. Box 208101, New Haven, CT 06520-8101, USA, 110Department of Astronomy, University of Virginia, P.O. Box 400325, Charlottesville, VA 22904-4325, USA, 111Center for Astrophysical Sciences, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Johns Hopkins University, 3400 North Charles Street, Baltimore, MD 21218, USA, 112Bruce and Astrid McWilliams Center for Cosmology, Department of Physics, Carnegie Mellon University, 5000 Forbes Ave, Pittsburgh, PA 15213, USA, 113CEA, Centre de Saclay, Irfu/SPP, F-91191 Gif-sur-Yvette, France, 114CEA, Centre de Saclay, Irfu/SPP, F-91191 Gif-sur-Yvette, France, 115Kavli Institute for the Physics and Mathematics of the Universe, 116Max-Planck-Institut für Astronomie, Königstuhl 17, D-69117 Heidelberg, Germany, 117Department of Astronomy and Space Science Chungnam National University Daejeon 305-764, Repulic of Korea, 118PITT PACC, Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Pittsburgh, 3941 O'Hara Street, Pittsburgh, PA 15260, USA, 119Department of Astronomy, University of Florida, Bryant Space Science Center, Gainesville, FL 32611-2055, USA, 120Apache Point Observatory, P.O. 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The third generation of the Sloan Digital Sky Survey (SDSS-III) took data from 2008 to 2014 using the original SDSS wide-field imager, the original and an upgraded multi-object fiber-fed optical spectrograph, a new near-infrared high-resolution spectrograph, and a novel optical interferometer. All the data from SDSS-III are now made public. In particular, this paper describes Data Release 11 (DR11) including all data acquired through 2013 July, and Data Release 12 (DR12) adding data acquired through 2014 July (including all data included in previous data releases), marking the end of SDSS-III observing. Read More

We present the stochastic thermodynamics analysis of an open quantum system weakly coupled to multiple reservoirs and driven by a rapidly oscillating external field. The analysis is built on a modified stochastic master equation in the Floquet basis. Transition rates are shown to satisfy the local detailed balance involving the entropy flowing out of the reservoirs. Read More

We establish the foundations of a nonequilibrium theory of quantum thermodynamics for noninteracting open quantum systems strongly coupled to their reservoirs within the framework of the nonequilibrium Green functions (NEGF). The energy of the system and its coupling to the reservoirs are controlled by a slow external time-dependent force treated to first order beyond the quasistatic limit. We derive the four basic laws of thermodynamics and characterize reversible transformations. Read More

We study coherent transport through a double quantum dot. Its two electronic leads induce electronic matter and energy transport and a phonon reservoir contributes further energy exchanges. By treating the system-lead couplings perturbatively, whereas the coupling to vibrations is treated non-perturbatively in a polaron-transformed frame, we derive a thermodynamic consistent low-dimensional master equation. Read More

We derive the statistics of the efficiency under the assumption that thermodynamic fluxes fluctuate with normal law, parametrizing it in terms of time, macroscopic efficiency, and a coupling parameter $\zeta$. It has a peculiar behavior: No moments, one sub- and one super-Carnot maxima corresponding to reverse operating regimes (engine/pump), the most probable efficiency decreasing in time. The limit $\zeta\to 0$ where the Carnot bound can be saturated gives rise to two extreme situations, one where the machine works at its macroscopic efficiency, with Carnot limit corresponding to no entropy production, and one where for a transient time scaling like $1/\zeta$ microscopic fluctuations are enhanced in such a way that the most probable efficiency approaches Carnot at finite entropy production. Read More

Using the fluctuation theorem supplemented with geometric arguments, we derive universal features of the (long-time) efficiency fluctuations for thermal and isothermal machines operating under steady or periodic driving, close or far from equilibrium. In particular, the long-time probability for observing a reversible efficiency in a given engine is identical to that for the same engine working under the time-reversed driving. When the driving is symmetric, this reversible efficiency becomes the least probable. Read More

We prove a transient fluctuation theorem for the currents for continuous-time Markov jump processes with stationary rates, generalizing an asymptotic result by Andrieux and Gaspard [J. Stat. Phys. Read More

We study heat transfers in a single level quantum dot strongly coupled to fermionic reservoirs and subjected to a time-dependent protocol modulating the dot energy as well as the dot-reservoir coupling strength. The dynamics is described using nonequilibrium Greens functions (NEGFs) evaluated to first order beyond quasi-static driving. We show that any heat definition expressed as an energy change in the reservoir energy plus any fraction of the system-reservoir interaction is not an exact differential when evaluated along reversible isothermal transformations, except when that fraction is zero. Read More

We performed an intensive radial velocity monitoring of XO-2S, the wide companion of the transiting planet-host XO-2N, using HARPS-N at TNG in the framework of the GAPS programme. The radial velocity measurements indicate the presence of a new planetary system formed by a planet that is slightly more massive than Jupiter at 0.48 au and a Saturn-mass planet at 0. Read More