M. E. Christy - The MINERvA Collaboration

M. E. Christy
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M. E. Christy
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The MINERvA Collaboration
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Nuclear Experiment (35)
 
High Energy Physics - Experiment (28)
 
High Energy Physics - Phenomenology (16)
 
Nuclear Theory (10)
 
Physics - Instrumentation and Detectors (4)
 
Statistics - Machine Learning (1)
 
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Publications Authored By M. E. Christy

Separate samples of charged-current pion production events representing two semi-inclusive channels $\nu_\mu$-CC($\pi^{+}$) and $\bar{\nu}_{\mu}$-CC($\pi^{0}$) have been obtained using neutrino and antineutrino exposures of the MINERvA detector. Distributions in kinematic variables based upon $\mu^{\pm}$-track reconstructions are analyzed and compared for the two samples. The differential cross sections for muon production angle, muon momentum, and four-momentum transfer $Q^2$, are reported, and cross sections versus neutrino energy are obtained. Read More

Structure functions, as measured in lepton-nucleon scattering, have proven to be very useful in studying the quark dynamics within the nucleon. However, it is experimentally difficult to separately determine the longitudinal and transverse structure functions, and consequently there are substantially less data available for the longitudinal structure function in particular. Here we present separated structure functions for hydrogen and deuterium at low four--momentum transfer squared, Q^2< 1 GeV^2, and compare these with parton distribution parameterizations and a k_T factorization approach. Read More

The MINERvA collaboration reports a novel study of neutrino-nucleus charged-current deep inelastic scattering (DIS) using the same neutrino beam incident on targets of polystyrene, graphite, iron, and lead. Results are presented as ratios of C, Fe, and Pb to CH. The ratios of total DIS cross sections as a function of neutrino energy and flux-integrated differential cross sections as a function of the Bjorken scaling variable x are presented in the neutrino-energy range of 5 - 50 GeV. Read More

Muon-neutrino elastic scattering on electrons is an observable neutrino process whose cross section is precisely known. Consequently a measurement of this process in an accelerator-based $\nu_\mu$ beam can improve the knowledge of the absolute neutrino flux impinging upon the detector; typically this knowledge is limited to $\sim$ 10% due to uncertainties in hadron production and focusing. We have isolated a sample of 135 $\pm$ 17 neutrino-electron elastic scattering candidates in the segmented scintillator detector of MINERvA, after subtracting backgrounds and correcting for efficiency. Read More

We have determined the structure function ratio $R^d_{\rm EMC}=F_2^d/(F_2^n+F_2^p)$ from recently published $F_2^n/F_2^d$ data taken by the BONuS experiment using CLAS at Jefferson Lab. This ratio deviates from unity, with a slope $dR_{\rm EMC}^{d}/dx= -0.10\pm 0. Read More

Single neutral pion production via muon antineutrino charged-current interactions in plastic scintillator (CH) is studied using the \minerva detector exposed to the NuMI low-energy, wideband antineutrino beam at Fermilab. Measurement of this process constrains models of neutral pion production in nuclei, which is important because the neutral-current analog is a background for $\bar{\nu}_e$ appearance oscillation experiments. The differential cross sections for $\pi^0$ momentum and production angle, for events with a single observed $\pi^0$ and no charged pions, are presented and compared to model predictions. Read More

The MINERvA collaboration operated a scaled-down replica of the solid scintillator tracking and sampling calorimeter regions of the MINERvA detector in a hadron test beam at the Fermilab Test Beam Facility. This article reports measurements with samples of protons, pions, and electrons from 0.35 to 2. Read More

Using data from the recent BONuS experiment at Jefferson Lab, which utilized a novel spectator tagging technique to extract the inclusive electron-free neutron scattering cross section, we obtain the first direct observation of quark-hadron duality in the neutron F_2 structure function. The data are used to reconstruct the lowest few (N=2, 4 and 6) moments of F_2 in the three prominent nucleon resonance regions, as well as the moments integrated over the entire resonance region. Comparison with moments computed from global parametrizations of parton distribution functions suggest that quark--hadron duality holds locally for the neutron in the second and third resonance regions down to Q^2 ~ 1 GeV^2, with violations possibly up to 20% observed in the first resonance region. Read More

Background: Measurements of forward exclusive meson production at different squared four-momenta of the exchanged virtual photon, $Q^2$, and at different four-momentum transfer, t, can be used to probe QCD's transition from meson-nucleon degrees of freedom at long distances to quark-gluon degrees of freedom at short scales. Ratios of separated response functions in $\pi^-$ and $\pi^+$ electroproduction are particularly informative. The ratio for transverse photons may allow this transition to be more easily observed, while the ratio for longitudinal photons provides a crucial verification of the assumed pole dominance, needed for reliable extraction of the pion form factor from electroproduction data. Read More

Spectral functions do not fully describe quasielastic electron and neutrino scattering from nuclei because they only model the initial state. Final state interactions distort the shape of the differential cross section at the peak and increase the cross section at the tails of the distribution. We show that the kinematic distributions predicted by the $\psi'$ superscaling formalism can be well described with a modified {\it {effective spectral function}} (ESF). Read More

A study of charged-current muon neutrino scattering on hydrocarbon in which the final state includes a muon and a proton and no pions is presented. Although this signature has the topology of neutrino quasielastic scattering from neutrons, the event sample contains contributions from both quasielastic and inelastic processes where pions are absorbed in the nucleus. The analysis accepts events with muon production angles up to 70$^{\circ}$ and proton kinetic energies greater than 110 MeV. Read More

Neutrino-induced coherent charged pion production on nuclei, $\stackrel{(-)}{\nu}_\mu A\to\mu^\pm\pi^\mp A$ is a rare, inelastic interaction in which a small squared four-momentum $| t|$ is transferred to the recoil nucleus leaving it intact in the reaction. In the scintillator tracker of MINERvA, we remove events with evidence of particles from nuclear breakup and reconstruct $| t|$ from the final state pion and muon. We select low $| t|$ events to isolate a sample rich in coherent candidates. Read More

2014Jun
Affiliations: 1The MINERvA Collaboration, 2The MINERvA Collaboration, 3The MINERvA Collaboration, 4The MINERvA Collaboration, 5The MINERvA Collaboration, 6The MINERvA Collaboration, 7The MINERvA Collaboration, 8The MINERvA Collaboration, 9The MINERvA Collaboration, 10The MINERvA Collaboration, 11The MINERvA Collaboration, 12The MINERvA Collaboration, 13The MINERvA Collaboration, 14The MINERvA Collaboration, 15The MINERvA Collaboration, 16The MINERvA Collaboration, 17The MINERvA Collaboration, 18The MINERvA Collaboration, 19The MINERvA Collaboration, 20The MINERvA Collaboration, 21The MINERvA Collaboration, 22The MINERvA Collaboration, 23The MINERvA Collaboration, 24The MINERvA Collaboration, 25The MINERvA Collaboration, 26The MINERvA Collaboration, 27The MINERvA Collaboration, 28The MINERvA Collaboration, 29The MINERvA Collaboration, 30The MINERvA Collaboration, 31The MINERvA Collaboration, 32The MINERvA Collaboration, 33The MINERvA Collaboration, 34The MINERvA Collaboration, 35The MINERvA Collaboration, 36The MINERvA Collaboration, 37The MINERvA Collaboration, 38The MINERvA Collaboration, 39The MINERvA Collaboration, 40The MINERvA Collaboration, 41The MINERvA Collaboration, 42The MINERvA Collaboration, 43The MINERvA Collaboration, 44The MINERvA Collaboration, 45The MINERvA Collaboration, 46The MINERvA Collaboration, 47The MINERvA Collaboration, 48The MINERvA Collaboration, 49The MINERvA Collaboration, 50The MINERvA Collaboration, 51The MINERvA Collaboration, 52The MINERvA Collaboration, 53The MINERvA Collaboration, 54The MINERvA Collaboration, 55The MINERvA Collaboration, 56The MINERvA Collaboration, 57The MINERvA Collaboration, 58The MINERvA Collaboration, 59The MINERvA Collaboration, 60The MINERvA Collaboration, 61The MINERvA Collaboration, 62The MINERvA Collaboration, 63The MINERvA Collaboration, 64The MINERvA Collaboration, 65The MINERvA Collaboration, 66The MINERvA Collaboration, 67The MINERvA Collaboration, 68The MINERvA Collaboration, 69The MINERvA Collaboration, 70The MINERvA Collaboration, 71The MINERvA Collaboration, 72The MINERvA Collaboration, 73The MINERvA Collaboration, 74The MINERvA Collaboration, 75The MINERvA Collaboration, 76The MINERvA Collaboration, 77The MINERvA Collaboration, 78The MINERvA Collaboration, 79The MINERvA Collaboration, 80The MINERvA Collaboration, 81The MINERvA Collaboration

Charged pion production via charged current $\nu_{\mu}$ interactions on plastic (CH) is studied using the MINERvA detector exposed to the NuMI wideband neutrino beam at Fermilab. Events with hadronic invariant mass W $<$ 1.4 GeV are selected to isolate single pion production, which is expected to occur primarily through the $\Delta(1232)$ resonance. Read More

2014Jun
Authors: L. Tang1, C. Chen2, T. Gogami3, D. Kawama4, Y. Han5, L. Yuan6, A. Matsumura7, Y. Okayasu8, T. Seva9, V. M. Rodriguez10, P. Baturin11, A. Acha12, P. Achenbach13, A. Ahmidouch14, I. Albayrak15, D. Androic16, A. Asaturyan17, R. Asaturyan18, O. Ates19, R. Badui20, O. K. Baker21, F. Benmokhtar22, W. Boeglin23, J. Bono24, P. Bosted25, E. Brash26, P. Carter27, R. Carlini28, A. Chiba29, M. E. Christy30, L. Cole31, M. M. Dalton32, S. Danagoulian33, A. Daniel34, R. De Leo35, V. Dharmawardane36, D. Doi37, K. Egiyan38, M. Elaasar39, R. Ent40, H. Fenker41, Y. Fujii42, M. Furic43, M. Gabrielyan44, L. Gan45, F. Garibaldi46, D. Gaskell47, A. Gasparian48, E. F. Gibson49, P. Gueye50, O. Hashimoto51, D. Honda52, T. Horn53, B. Hu54, Ed V. Hungerford55, C. Jayalath56, M. Jones57, K. Johnston58, N. Kalantarians59, H. Kanda60, M. Kaneta61, F. Kato62, S. Kato63, M. Kawai64, C. Keppel65, H. Khanal66, M. Kohl67, L. Kramer68, K. J. Lan69, Y. Li70, A. Liyanage71, W. Luo72, D. Mack73, K. Maeda74, S. Malace75, A. Margaryan76, G. Marikyan77, P. Markowitz78, T. Maruta79, N. Maruyama80, V. Maxwell81, D. J. Millener82, T. Miyoshi83, A. Mkrtchyan84, H. Mkrtchyan85, T. Motoba86, S. Nagao87, S. N. Nakamura88, A. Narayan89, C. Neville90, G. Niculescu91, M. I. Niculescu92, A. Nunez93, Nuruzzaman94, H. Nomura95, K. Nonaka96, A. Ohtani97, M. Oyamada98, N. Perez99, T. Petkovic100, J. Pochodzalla101, X. Qiu102, S. Randeniya103, B. Raue104, J. Reinhold105, R. Rivera106, J. Roche107, C. Samanta108, Y. Sato109, B. Sawatzky110, E. K. Segbefia111, D. Schott112, A. Shichijo113, N. Simicevic114, G. Smith115, Y. Song116, M. Sumihama117, V. Tadevosyan118, T. Takahashi119, N. Taniya120, K. Tsukada121, V. Tvaskis122, M. Veilleux123, W. Vulcan124, S. Wells125, F. R. Wesselmann126, S. A. Wood127, T. Yamamoto128, C. Yan129, Z. Ye130, K. Yokota131, S. Zhamkochyan132, L. Zhu133
Affiliations: 1HKS - JLab E05-115 and E01-001 - Collaborations, 2HKS - JLab E05-115 and E01-001 - Collaborations, 3HKS - JLab E05-115 and E01-001 - Collaborations, 4HKS - JLab E05-115 and E01-001 - Collaborations, 5HKS - JLab E05-115 and E01-001 - Collaborations, 6HKS - JLab E05-115 and E01-001 - Collaborations, 7HKS - JLab E05-115 and E01-001 - Collaborations, 8HKS - JLab E05-115 and E01-001 - Collaborations, 9HKS - JLab E05-115 and E01-001 - Collaborations, 10HKS - JLab E05-115 and E01-001 - Collaborations, 11HKS - JLab E05-115 and E01-001 - Collaborations, 12HKS - JLab E05-115 and E01-001 - Collaborations, 13HKS - JLab E05-115 and E01-001 - Collaborations, 14HKS - JLab E05-115 and E01-001 - Collaborations, 15HKS - JLab E05-115 and E01-001 - Collaborations, 16HKS - JLab E05-115 and E01-001 - Collaborations, 17HKS - JLab E05-115 and E01-001 - Collaborations, 18HKS - JLab E05-115 and E01-001 - Collaborations, 19HKS - JLab E05-115 and E01-001 - Collaborations, 20HKS - JLab E05-115 and E01-001 - 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Since the pioneering experiment, E89-009 studying hypernuclear spectroscopy using the $(e,e^{\prime}K^+)$ reaction was completed, two additional experiments, E01-011 and E05-115, were performed at Jefferson Lab. These later experiments used a modified experimental design, the "tilt method", to dramatically suppress the large electromagnetic background, and allowed for a substantial increase in luminosity. Additionally, a new kaon spectrometer, HKS (E01-011), a new electron spectrometer, HES, and a new splitting magnet were added to produce precision, high-resolution hypernuclear spectroscopy. Read More

Spectral functions that are used in neutrino event generators to model quasielastic (QE) scattering from nuclear targets include Fermi gas, Local Thomas Fermi gas (LTF), Bodek-Ritchie Fermi gas with high momentum tail, and the Benhar-Fantoni two dimensional spectral function. We find that the $\nu$ dependence of predictions of these spectral functions for the QE differential cross sections (${d^2\sigma}/{dQ^2 d\nu}$) are in disagreement with the prediction of the $\psi'$ superscaling function which is extracted from fits to quasielastic electron scattering data on nuclear targets. It is known that spectral functions do not fully describe quasielastic scattering because they only model the initial state. Read More

2014Apr
Affiliations: 1The Jefferson Lab Fpi Collaboration, 2The Jefferson Lab Fpi Collaboration, 3The Jefferson Lab Fpi Collaboration, 4The Jefferson Lab Fpi Collaboration, 5The Jefferson Lab Fpi Collaboration, 6The Jefferson Lab Fpi Collaboration, 7The Jefferson Lab Fpi Collaboration, 8The Jefferson Lab Fpi Collaboration, 9The Jefferson Lab Fpi Collaboration, 10The Jefferson Lab Fpi Collaboration, 11The Jefferson Lab Fpi Collaboration, 12The Jefferson Lab Fpi Collaboration, 13The Jefferson Lab Fpi Collaboration, 14The Jefferson Lab Fpi Collaboration, 15The Jefferson Lab Fpi Collaboration, 16The Jefferson Lab Fpi Collaboration, 17The Jefferson Lab Fpi Collaboration, 18The Jefferson Lab Fpi Collaboration, 19The Jefferson Lab Fpi Collaboration, 20The Jefferson Lab Fpi Collaboration, 21The Jefferson Lab Fpi Collaboration, 22The Jefferson Lab Fpi Collaboration, 23The Jefferson Lab Fpi Collaboration, 24The Jefferson Lab Fpi Collaboration, 25The Jefferson Lab Fpi Collaboration, 26The Jefferson Lab Fpi Collaboration, 27The Jefferson Lab Fpi Collaboration, 28The Jefferson Lab Fpi Collaboration, 29The Jefferson Lab Fpi Collaboration, 30The Jefferson Lab Fpi Collaboration, 31The Jefferson Lab Fpi Collaboration, 32The Jefferson Lab Fpi Collaboration, 33The Jefferson Lab Fpi Collaboration, 34The Jefferson Lab Fpi Collaboration, 35The Jefferson Lab Fpi Collaboration, 36The Jefferson Lab Fpi Collaboration, 37The Jefferson Lab Fpi Collaboration, 38The Jefferson Lab Fpi Collaboration, 39The Jefferson Lab Fpi Collaboration, 40The Jefferson Lab Fpi Collaboration, 41The Jefferson Lab Fpi Collaboration, 42The Jefferson Lab Fpi Collaboration, 43The Jefferson Lab Fpi Collaboration, 44The Jefferson Lab Fpi Collaboration, 45The Jefferson Lab Fpi Collaboration, 46The Jefferson Lab Fpi Collaboration, 47The Jefferson Lab Fpi Collaboration, 48The Jefferson Lab Fpi Collaboration, 49The Jefferson Lab Fpi Collaboration, 50The Jefferson Lab Fpi Collaboration, 51The Jefferson Lab Fpi Collaboration, 52The Jefferson Lab Fpi Collaboration, 53The Jefferson Lab Fpi Collaboration, 54The Jefferson Lab Fpi Collaboration, 55The Jefferson Lab Fpi Collaboration, 56The Jefferson Lab Fpi Collaboration, 57The Jefferson Lab Fpi Collaboration, 58The Jefferson Lab Fpi Collaboration, 59The Jefferson Lab Fpi Collaboration, 60The Jefferson Lab Fpi Collaboration, 61The Jefferson Lab Fpi Collaboration, 62The Jefferson Lab Fpi Collaboration, 63The Jefferson Lab Fpi Collaboration, 64The Jefferson Lab Fpi Collaboration, 65The Jefferson Lab Fpi Collaboration, 66The Jefferson Lab Fpi Collaboration, 67The Jefferson Lab Fpi Collaboration, 68The Jefferson Lab Fpi Collaboration, 69The Jefferson Lab Fpi Collaboration, 70The Jefferson Lab Fpi Collaboration, 71The Jefferson Lab Fpi Collaboration, 72The Jefferson Lab Fpi Collaboration, 73The Jefferson Lab Fpi Collaboration, 74The Jefferson Lab Fpi Collaboration, 75The Jefferson Lab Fpi Collaboration, 76The Jefferson Lab Fpi Collaboration, 77The Jefferson Lab Fpi Collaboration, 78The Jefferson Lab Fpi Collaboration, 79The Jefferson Lab Fpi Collaboration, 80The Jefferson Lab Fpi Collaboration, 81The Jefferson Lab Fpi Collaboration, 82The Jefferson Lab Fpi Collaboration, 83The Jefferson Lab Fpi Collaboration, 84The Jefferson Lab Fpi Collaboration, 85The Jefferson Lab Fpi Collaboration, 86The Jefferson Lab Fpi Collaboration, 87The Jefferson Lab Fpi Collaboration, 88The Jefferson Lab Fpi Collaboration

The study of exclusive $\pi^{\pm}$ electroproduction on the nucleon, including separation of the various structure functions, is of interest for a number of reasons. The ratio $R_L=\sigma_L^{\pi^-}/\sigma_L^{\pi^+}$ is sensitive to isoscalar contamination to the dominant isovector pion exchange amplitude, which is the basis for the determination of the charged pion form factor from electroproduction data. A change in the value of $R_T=\sigma_T^{\pi^-}/\sigma_T^{\pi^+}$ from unity at small $-t$, to 1/4 at large $-t$, would suggest a transition from coupling to a (virtual) pion to coupling to individual quarks. Read More

2014Mar
Affiliations: 1The MINERvA Collaboration, 2The MINERvA Collaboration, 3The MINERvA Collaboration, 4The MINERvA Collaboration, 5The MINERvA Collaboration, 6The MINERvA Collaboration, 7The MINERvA Collaboration, 8The MINERvA Collaboration, 9The MINERvA Collaboration, 10The MINERvA Collaboration, 11The MINERvA Collaboration, 12The MINERvA Collaboration, 13The MINERvA Collaboration, 14The MINERvA Collaboration, 15The MINERvA Collaboration, 16The MINERvA Collaboration, 17The MINERvA Collaboration, 18The MINERvA Collaboration, 19The MINERvA Collaboration, 20The MINERvA Collaboration, 21The MINERvA Collaboration, 22The MINERvA Collaboration, 23The MINERvA Collaboration, 24The MINERvA Collaboration, 25The MINERvA Collaboration, 26The MINERvA Collaboration, 27The MINERvA Collaboration, 28The MINERvA Collaboration, 29The MINERvA Collaboration, 30The MINERvA Collaboration, 31The MINERvA Collaboration, 32The MINERvA Collaboration, 33The MINERvA Collaboration, 34The MINERvA Collaboration, 35The MINERvA Collaboration, 36The MINERvA Collaboration, 37The MINERvA Collaboration, 38The MINERvA Collaboration, 39The MINERvA Collaboration, 40The MINERvA Collaboration, 41The MINERvA Collaboration, 42The MINERvA Collaboration, 43The MINERvA Collaboration, 44The MINERvA Collaboration, 45The MINERvA Collaboration, 46The MINERvA Collaboration, 47The MINERvA Collaboration, 48The MINERvA Collaboration, 49The MINERvA Collaboration, 50The MINERvA Collaboration, 51The MINERvA Collaboration, 52The MINERvA Collaboration, 53The MINERvA Collaboration, 54The MINERvA Collaboration, 55The MINERvA Collaboration, 56The MINERvA Collaboration, 57The MINERvA Collaboration, 58The MINERvA Collaboration, 59The MINERvA Collaboration, 60The MINERvA Collaboration, 61The MINERvA Collaboration, 62The MINERvA Collaboration, 63The MINERvA Collaboration, 64The MINERvA Collaboration, 65The MINERvA Collaboration, 66The MINERvA Collaboration, 67The MINERvA Collaboration, 68The MINERvA Collaboration, 69The MINERvA Collaboration, 70The MINERvA Collaboration, 71The MINERvA Collaboration, 72The MINERvA Collaboration, 73The MINERvA Collaboration, 74The MINERvA Collaboration, 75The MINERvA Collaboration, 76The MINERvA Collaboration, 77The MINERvA Collaboration

We present measurements of $\nu_{\mu}$ charged-current cross section ratios on carbon, iron, and lead relative to a scintillator (CH) using the fine-grained MINERvA detector exposed to the NuMI neutrino beam at Fermilab. The measurements utilize events of energies $2=8~GeV$, which have a reconstructed $\mu^{-}$ scattering angle less than $17^\circ$ to extract ratios of inclusive total cross sections as a function of neutrino energy $E_{\nu}$ and flux-integrated differential cross sections with respect to the Bjorken scaling variable $x$. These results provide the first high-statistics direct measurements of nuclear effects in neutrino scattering using different targets in the same neutrino beam. Read More

2014Feb
Authors: S. Tkachenko1, N. Baillie2, S. E. Kuhn3, J. Zhang4, J. Arrington5, P. Bosted6, S. Bültmann7, M. E. Christy8, D. Dutta9, R. Ent10, H. Fenker11, K. A. Griffioen12, M. Ispiryan13, N. Kalantarians14, C. E. Keppel15, W. Melnitchouk16, V. Tvaskis17, K. P. Adhikari18, M. Aghasyan19, M. J. Amaryan20, S. Anefalos Pereira21, H. Avakian22, J. Ball23, N. A. Baltzell24, M. Battaglieri25, I. Bedlinskiy26, A. S. Biselli27, W. J. Briscoe28, W. K. Brooks29, V. D. Burkert30, D. S. Carman31, A. Celentano32, S. Chandavar33, G. Charles34, P. L. Cole35, M. Contalbrigo36, O. Cortes37, V. Crede38, A. D'Angelo39, N. Dashyan40, R. De Vita41, E. De Sanctis42, A. Deur43, C. Djalali44, G. E. Dodge45, D. Doughty46, R. Dupre47, H. Egiyan48, A. El Alaoui49, L. El Fassi50, L. Elouadrhiri51, P. Eugenio52, G. Fedotov53, J. A. Fleming54, B. Garillon55, N. Gevorgyan56, Y. Ghandilyan57, G. P. Gilfoyle58, K. L. Giovanetti59, F. X. Girod60, J. T. Goetz61, E. Golovatch62, R. W. Gothe63, M. Guidal64, L. Guo65, K. Hafidi66, H. Hakobyan67, C. Hanretty68, N. Harrison69, M. Hattawy70, K. Hicks71, D. Ho72, M. Holtrop73, C . E. Hyde74, Y. Ilieva75, D. G. Ireland76, B. S. Ishkhanov77, H. S. Jo78, D. Keller79, M. Khandaker80, A. Kim81, W. Kim82, P. M. King83, A. Klein84, F. J. Klein85, S. Koirala86, V. Kubarovsky87, S. V. Kuleshov88, P. Lenisa89, S. Lewis90, K. Livingston91, H. Lu92, M. MacCormick93, I. J. D. MacGregor94, N. Markov95, M. Mayer96, B. McKinnon97, T. Mineeva98, M. Mirazita99, V. Mokeev100, R. A. Montgomery101, H. Moutarde102, C. Munoz Camacho103, P. Nadel-Turonski104, S. Niccolai105, G. Niculescu106, I. Niculescu107, M. Osipenko108, L. L. Pappalardo109, R. Paremuzyan110, K. Park111, E. Pasyuk112, J. J. Phillips113, S. Pisano114, O. Pogorelko115, S. Pozdniakov116, J. W. Price117, S. Procureur118, D. Protopopescu119, A. J . R. Puckett120, D. Rimal121, M. Ripani122, A. Rizzo123, G. Rosner124, P. Rossi125, P. Roy126, F. Sabatié127, D. Schott128, R. A. Schumacher129, E. Seder130, I. Senderovich131, Y. G. Sharabian132, A. Simonyan133, G. D. Smith134, D. I. Sober135, D. Sokhan136, S. Stepanyan137, S. S. Stepanyan138, S. Strauch139, W. Tang140, M. Ungaro141, A. V. Vlassov142, H. Voskanyan143, E. Voutier144, N. K. Walford145, D. Watts146, X. Wei147, L. B. Weinstein148, M. H. Wood149, L. Zana150, I. Zonta151
Affiliations: 1The CLAS collaboration, 2The CLAS collaboration, 3The CLAS collaboration, 4The CLAS collaboration, 5The CLAS collaboration, 6The CLAS collaboration, 7The CLAS collaboration, 8The CLAS collaboration, 9The CLAS collaboration, 10The CLAS collaboration, 11The CLAS collaboration, 12The CLAS collaboration, 13The CLAS collaboration, 14The CLAS collaboration, 15The CLAS collaboration, 16The CLAS collaboration, 17The CLAS collaboration, 18The CLAS collaboration, 19The CLAS collaboration, 20The CLAS collaboration, 21The CLAS collaboration, 22The CLAS collaboration, 23The CLAS collaboration, 24The CLAS collaboration, 25The CLAS collaboration, 26The CLAS collaboration, 27The CLAS collaboration, 28The CLAS collaboration, 29The CLAS collaboration, 30The CLAS collaboration, 31The CLAS collaboration, 32The CLAS collaboration, 33The CLAS collaboration, 34The CLAS collaboration, 35The CLAS collaboration, 36The CLAS collaboration, 37The CLAS collaboration, 38The CLAS collaboration, 39The CLAS collaboration, 40The CLAS collaboration, 41The CLAS collaboration, 42The CLAS collaboration, 43The CLAS collaboration, 44The CLAS collaboration, 45The CLAS collaboration, 46The CLAS collaboration, 47The CLAS collaboration, 48The CLAS collaboration, 49The CLAS collaboration, 50The CLAS collaboration, 51The CLAS collaboration, 52The CLAS collaboration, 53The CLAS collaboration, 54The CLAS collaboration, 55The CLAS collaboration, 56The CLAS collaboration, 57The CLAS collaboration, 58The CLAS collaboration, 59The CLAS collaboration, 60The CLAS collaboration, 61The CLAS collaboration, 62The CLAS collaboration, 63The CLAS collaboration, 64The CLAS collaboration, 65The CLAS collaboration, 66The CLAS collaboration, 67The CLAS collaboration, 68The CLAS collaboration, 69The CLAS collaboration, 70The CLAS collaboration, 71The CLAS collaboration, 72The CLAS collaboration, 73The CLAS collaboration, 74The CLAS collaboration, 75The CLAS collaboration, 76The CLAS collaboration, 77The CLAS collaboration, 78The CLAS collaboration, 79The CLAS collaboration, 80The CLAS collaboration, 81The CLAS collaboration, 82The CLAS collaboration, 83The CLAS collaboration, 84The CLAS collaboration, 85The CLAS collaboration, 86The CLAS collaboration, 87The CLAS collaboration, 88The CLAS collaboration, 89The CLAS collaboration, 90The CLAS collaboration, 91The CLAS collaboration, 92The CLAS collaboration, 93The CLAS collaboration, 94The CLAS collaboration, 95The CLAS collaboration, 96The CLAS collaboration, 97The CLAS collaboration, 98The CLAS collaboration, 99The CLAS collaboration, 100The CLAS collaboration, 101The CLAS collaboration, 102The CLAS collaboration, 103The CLAS collaboration, 104The CLAS collaboration, 105The CLAS collaboration, 106The CLAS collaboration, 107The CLAS collaboration, 108The CLAS collaboration, 109The CLAS collaboration, 110The CLAS collaboration, 111The CLAS collaboration, 112The CLAS collaboration, 113The CLAS collaboration, 114The CLAS collaboration, 115The CLAS collaboration, 116The CLAS collaboration, 117The CLAS collaboration, 118The CLAS collaboration, 119The CLAS collaboration, 120The CLAS collaboration, 121The CLAS collaboration, 122The CLAS collaboration, 123The CLAS collaboration, 124The CLAS collaboration, 125The CLAS collaboration, 126The CLAS collaboration, 127The CLAS collaboration, 128The CLAS collaboration, 129The CLAS collaboration, 130The CLAS collaboration, 131The CLAS collaboration, 132The CLAS collaboration, 133The CLAS collaboration, 134The CLAS collaboration, 135The CLAS collaboration, 136The CLAS collaboration, 137The CLAS collaboration, 138The CLAS collaboration, 139The CLAS collaboration, 140The CLAS collaboration, 141The CLAS collaboration, 142The CLAS collaboration, 143The CLAS collaboration, 144The CLAS collaboration, 145The CLAS collaboration, 146The CLAS collaboration, 147The CLAS collaboration, 148The CLAS collaboration, 149The CLAS collaboration, 150The CLAS collaboration, 151The CLAS collaboration

Much less is known about neutron structure than that of the proton due to the absence of free neutron targets. Neutron information is usually extracted from data on nuclear targets such as deuterium, requiring corrections for nuclear binding and nucleon off-shell effects. These corrections are model dependent and have significant uncertainties, especially for large values of the Bjorken scaling variable x. Read More

In a previous communication we reported on a parametrization of the observed enhancement in the transverse electron quasielastic (QE) response function for nucleons bound in carbon as a function of the square of the four momentum transfer ($Q^2$) in terms of a correction to the magnetic form factors of bound nucleons. That parametrization was used to predict the overall magnitude and $Q^2$ dependence of the cross section for neutrino quasielastic scattering on nuclear targets. In this paper, we extend the study to include parametrizations of both the $Q^2$ as well as the energy transfer ($\nu$) dependence of the transverse enhancement. Read More

2013May

The MINERvA experiment is designed to perform precision studies of neutrino-nucleus scattering using $\nu_\mu$ and ${\bar\nu}_\mu$ neutrinos incident at 1-20 GeV in the NuMI beam at Fermilab. This article presents a detailed description of the \minerva detector and describes the {\em ex situ} and {\em in situ} techniques employed to characterize the detector and monitor its performance. The detector is comprised of a finely-segmented scintillator-based inner tracking region surrounded by electromagnetic and hadronic sampling calorimetry. Read More

2013May
Authors: The MINERvA collaboration, L. Fields, J. Chvojka, L. Aliaga, O. Altinok, B. Baldin, A. Baumbaugh, A. Bodek, D. Boehnlein, S. Boyd, R. Bradford, W. K. Brooks, H. Budd, A. Butkevich, D. A. Martinez Caicedo, C. M. Castromonte, M. E. Christy, H. Chung, M. Clark, H. da Motta, D. S. Damiani, I. Danko, M. Datta, M. Day, R. DeMaat, J. Devan, E. Draeger, S. A. Dytman, G. A. Díaz, B. Eberly, D. A. Edmondson, J. Felix, T. Fitzpatrick, G. A. Fiorentini, A. M. Gago, H. Gallagher, C. A. George, J. A. Gielata, C. Gingu, B. Gobbi, R. Gran, N. Grossman, J. Hanson, D. A. Harris, J. Heaton, A. Higuera, I. J. Howley, K. Hurtado, M. Jerkins, T. Kafka, J. Kaisen, M. O. Kanter, C. E. Keppel, J. Kilmer, M. Kordosky, A. H. Krajeski, S. A. Kulagin, T. Le, H. Lee, A. G. Leister, G. Locke, G. Maggi, E. Maher, S. Manly, W. A. Mann, C. M. Marshall, K. S. McFarland, C. L. McGivern, A. M. McGowan, A. Mislivec, J. G. Morfín, J. Mousseau, D. Naples, J. K. Nelson, G. Niculescu, I. Niculescu, N. Ochoa, C. D. O'Connor, J. Olsen, B. Osmanov, J. Osta, J. L. Palomino, V. Paolone, J. Park, C. E. Patrick, G. N. Perdue, C. Peña, L. Rakotondravohitra, R. D. Ransome, H. Ray, L. Ren, P. A. Rodrigues, C. Rude, K. E. Sassin, H. Schellman, D. W. Schmitz, R. M. Schneider, E. C. Schulte, C. Simon, F. D. Snider, M. C. Snyder, J. T. Sobczyk, C. J. Solano Salinas, N. Tagg, W. Tan, B. G. Tice, G. Tzanakos, J. P. Velásquez, J. Walding, T. Walton, J. Wolcott, B. A. Wolthuis, N. Woodward, G. Zavala, H. B. Zeng, D. Zhang, L. Y. Zhu, B. P. Ziemer

We have isolated muon anti-neutrino charged-current quasi-elastic interactions occurring in the segmented scintillator tracking region of the MINERvA detector running in the NuMI neutrino beam at Fermilab. We measure the flux-averaged differential cross-section, d{\sigma}/dQ^2, and compare to several theoretical models of quasi-elastic scattering. Good agreement is obtained with a model where the nucleon axial mass, M_A, is set to 0. Read More

2013May
Authors: The MINERvA collaboration, G. A. Fiorentini, D. W. Schmitz, P. A. Rodrigues, L. Aliaga, O. Altinok, B. Baldin, A. Baumbaugh, A. Bodek, D. Boehnlein, S. Boyd, R. Bradford, W. K. Brooks, H. Budd, A. Butkevich, D. A. Martinez Caicedo, C. M. Castromonte, M. E. Christy, H. Chung, J. Chvojka, M. Clark, H. da Motta, D. S. Damiani, I. Danko, M. Datta, M. Day, R. DeMaat, J. Devan, E. Draeger, S. A. Dytman, G. A. Díaz, B. Eberly, D. A. Edmondson, J. Felix, T. Fitzpatrick, L. Fields, A. M. Gago, H. Gallagher, C. A. George, J. A. Gielata, C. Gingu, B. Gobbi, R. Gran, N. Grossman, J. Hanson, D. A. Harris, J. Heaton, A. Higuera, I. J. Howley, K. Hurtado, M. Jerkins, T. Kafka, J. Kaisen, M. O. Kanter, C. E. Keppel, J. Kilmer, M. Kordosky, A. H. Krajeski, S. A. Kulagin, T. Le, H. Lee, A. G. Leister, G. Locke, G. Maggi, E. Maher, S. Manly, W. A. Mann, C. M. Marshall, K. S. McFarland, C. L. McGivern, A. M. McGowan, A. Mislivec, J. G. Morfń, J. Mousseau, D. Naples, J. K. Nelson, G. Niculescu, I. Niculescu, N. Ochoa, C. D. O'Connor, J. Olsen, B. Osmanov, J. Osta, J. L. Palomino, V. Paolone, J. Park, C. E. Patrick, G. N. Perdue, C. Peña, L. Rakotondravohitra, R. D. Ransome, H. Ray, L. Ren, C. Rude, K. E. Sassin, H. Schellman, R. M. Schneider, E. C. Schulte, C. Simon, F. D. Snider, M. C. Snyder, J. T. Sobczyk, C. J. Solano Salinas, N. Tagg, W. Tan, B. G. Tice, G. Tzanakos, J. P. Velásquez, J. Walding, T. Walton, J. Wolcott, B. A. Wolthuis, N. Woodward, G. Zavala, H. B. Zeng, D. Zhang, L. Y. Zhu, B. P. Ziemer

We report a study of muon neutrino charged-current quasi-elastic events in the segmented scintillator inner tracker of the MINERvA experiment running in the NuMI neutrino beam at Fermilab. The events were selected by requiring a {\mu}^- and low calorimetric recoil energy separated from the interaction vertex. We measure the flux-averaged differential cross-section, d{\sigma}/dQ^2, and study the low energy particle content of the final state. Read More

We present an extraction of the lowest three moments of the proton longitudinal structure function F_L from world data between Q^2 = 0.75 and 45 (GeV/c)^2. The availability of new F_L data at low Bjorken x from HERA and at large x from Jefferson Lab allows the first determination of these moments over a large Q^2 range, relatively free from uncertainties associated with extrapolations into unmeasured regions. Read More

2012Jul
Affiliations: 1HKS, 2HKS, 3HKS, 4HKS, 5HKS, 6HKS, 7HKS, 8HKS, 9HKS, 10HKS, 11HKS, 12HKS, 13HKS, 14HKS, 15HKS, 16HKS, 17HKS, 18HKS, 19HKS, 20HKS, 21HKS, 22HKS, 23HKS, 24HKS, 25HKS, 26HKS, 27HKS, 28HKS, 29HKS, 30HKS, 31HKS, 32HKS, 33HKS, 34HKS, 35HKS, 36HKS, 37HKS, 38HKS, 39HKS, 40HKS, 41HKS, 42HKS, 43HKS, 44HKS, 45HKS, 46HKS, 47HKS, 48HKS, 49HKS, 50HKS, 51HKS, 52HKS, 53HKS, 54HKS, 55HKS, 56HKS, 57HKS, 58HKS, 59HKS, 60HKS, 61HKS, 62HKS, 63HKS, 64HKS, 65HKS, 66HKS, 67HKS, 68HKS, 69HKS, 70HKS, 71HKS, 72HKS, 73HKS, 74HKS, 75HKS, 76HKS, 77HKS, 78HKS, 79HKS, 80HKS, 81HKS, 82HKS, 83HKS, 84HKS, 85HKS, 86HKS, 87HKS, 88HKS, 89HKS, 90HKS, 91HKS, 92HKS, 93HKS

An experiment with a newly developed high-resolution kaon spectrometer (HKS) and a scattered electron spectrometer with a novel configuration was performed in Hall C at Jefferson Lab (JLab). The ground state of a neutron-rich hypernucleus, He 7 Lambda, was observed for the first time with the (e,e'K+) reaction with an energy resolution of ~0.6 MeV. Read More

2012Jun

We study the impact of the nuclear dependence of R=\sigma_L/\sigma_T on the extraction of the F_2^A/F_2^D and F_1^A/F_1^D structure function ratios from the data on the \sigma^A/\sigma^D cross section ratios. Guided by indications of the nuclear dependence of R from the world data, we examine selected sets of EMC, BCDMS, NMC and SLAC data and find that F_1^A/F_1^D < \sigma^A/\sigma^D \leq F_2^A/F_2^D. In particular, we observe that the nuclear enhancement (antishadowing) for F_1^A/F_1^D in the interval 0. Read More

2012May
Authors: J. L. Hewett, H. Weerts, R. Brock, J. N. Butler, B. C. K. Casey, J. Collar, A. de Gouvea, R. Essig, Y. Grossman, W. Haxton, J. A. Jaros, C. K. Jung, Z. T. Lu, K. Pitts, Z. Ligeti, J. R. Patterson, M. Ramsey-Musolf, J. L. Ritchie, A. Roodman, K. Scholberg, C. E. M. Wagner, G. P. Zeller, S. Aefsky, A. Afanasev, K. Agashe, C. Albright, J. Alonso, C. Ankenbrandt, M. Aoki, C. A. Arguelles, N. Arkani-Hamed, J. R. Armendariz, C. Armendariz-Picon, E. Arrieta Diaz, J. Asaadi, D. M. Asner, K. S. Babu, K. Bailey, O. Baker, B. Balantekin, B. Baller, M. Bass, B. Batell, J. Beacham, J. Behr, N. Berger, M. Bergevin, E. Berman, R. Bernstein, A. J. Bevan, M. Bishai, M. Blanke, S. Blessing, A. Blondel, T. Blum, G. Bock, A. Bodek, G. Bonvicini, F. Bossi, J. Boyce, R. Breedon, M. Breidenbach, S. J. Brice, R. A. Briere, S. Brodsky, C. Bromberg, A. Bross, T. E. Browder, D. A. Bryman, M. Buckley, R. Burnstein, E. Caden, P. Campana, R. Carlini, G. Carosi, C. Castromonte, R. Cenci, I. Chakaberia, M. C. Chen, C. H. Cheng, B. Choudhary, N. H. Christ, E. Christensen, M. E. Christy, T. E. Chupp, E. Church, D. B. Cline, T. E. Coan, P. Coloma, J. Comfort, L. Coney, J. Cooper, R. J. Cooper, R. Cowan, D. F. Cowen, D. Cronin-Hennessy, A. Datta, G. S. Davies, M. Demarteau, D. P. DeMille, A. Denig, R. Dermisek, A. Deshpande, M. S. Dewey, R. Dharmapalan, J. Dhooghe, M. R. Dietrich, M. Diwan, Z. Djurcic, S. Dobbs, M. Duraisamy, B. Dutta, H. Duyang, D. A. Dwyer, M. Eads, B. Echenard, S. R. Elliott, C. Escobar, J. Fajans, S. Farooq, C. Faroughy, J. E. Fast, B. Feinberg, J. Felde, G. Feldman, P. Fierlinger, P. Fileviez Perez, B. Filippone, P. Fisher, B. T. Flemming, K. T. Flood, R. Forty, M. J. Frank, A. Freyberger, A. Friedland, R. Gandhi, K. S. Ganezer, A. Garcia, F. G. Garcia, S. Gardner, L. Garrison, A. Gasparian, S. Geer, V. M. Gehman, T. Gershon, M. Gilchriese, C. Ginsberg, I. Gogoladze, M. Gonderinger, M. Goodman, H. Gould, M. Graham, P. W. Graham, R. Gran, J. Grange, G. Gratta, J. P. Green, H. Greenlee, R. C. Group, E. Guardincerri, V. Gudkov, R. Guenette, A. Haas, A. Hahn, T. Han, T. Handler, J. C. Hardy, R. Harnik, D. A. Harris, F. A. Harris, P. G. Harris, J. Hartnett, B. He, B. R. Heckel, K. M. Heeger, S. Henderson, D. Hertzog, R. Hill, E. A Hinds, D. G. Hitlin, R. J. Holt, N. Holtkamp, G. Horton-Smith, P. Huber, W. Huelsnitz, J. Imber, I. Irastorza, J. Jaeckel, I. Jaegle, C. James, A. Jawahery, D. Jensen, C. P. Jessop, B. Jones, H. Jostlein, T. Junk, A. L. Kagan, M. Kalita, Y. Kamyshkov, D. M. Kaplan, G. Karagiorgi, A. Karle, T. Katori, B. Kayser, R. Kephart, S. Kettell, Y. K. Kim, M. Kirby, K. Kirch, J. Klein, J. Kneller, A. Kobach, M. Kohl, J. Kopp, M. Kordosky, W. Korsch, I. Kourbanis, A. D. Krisch, P. Krizan, A. S. Kronfeld, S. Kulkarni, K. S. Kumar, Y. Kuno, T. Kutter, T. Lachenmaier, M. Lamm, J. Lancaster, M. Lancaster, C. Lane, K. Lang, P. Langacker, S. Lazarevic, T. Le, K. Lee, K. T. Lesko, Y. Li, M. Lindgren, A. Lindner, J. Link, D. Lissauer, L. S. Littenberg, B. Littlejohn, C. Y. Liu, W. Loinaz, W. Lorenzon, W. C. Louis, J. Lozier, L. Ludovici, L. Lueking, C. Lunardini, D. B. MacFarlane, P. A. N. Machado, P. B. Mackenzie, J. Maloney, W. J. Marciano, W. Marsh, M. Marshak, J. W. Martin, C. Mauger, K. S. McFarland, C. McGrew, G. McLaughlin, D. McKeen, R. McKeown, B. T. Meadows, R. Mehdiyev, D. Melconian, H. Merkel, M. Messier, J. P. Miller, G. Mills, U. K. Minamisono, S. R. Mishra, I. Mocioiu, S. Moed Sher, R. N. Mohapatra, B. Monreal, C. D. Moore, J. G. Morfin, J. Mousseau, L. A. Moustakas, G. Mueller, P. Mueller, M. Muether, H. P. Mumm, C. Munger, H. Murayama, P. Nath, O. Naviliat-Cuncin, J. K. Nelson, D. Neuffer, J. S. Nico, A. Norman, D. Nygren, Y. Obayashi, T. P. O'Connor, Y. Okada, J. Olsen, L. Orozco, J. L. Orrell, J. Osta, B. Pahlka, J. Paley, V. Papadimitriou, M. Papucci, S. Parke, R. H. Parker, Z. Parsa, K. Partyka, A. Patch, J. C. Pati, R. B. Patterson, Z. Pavlovic, G. Paz, G. N. Perdue, D. Perevalov, G. Perez, R. Petti, W. Pettus, A. Piepke, M. Pivovaroff, R. Plunkett, C. C. Polly, M. Pospelov, R. Povey, A. Prakesh, M. V. Purohit, S. Raby, J. L. Raaf, R. Rajendran, S. Rajendran, G. Rameika, R. Ramsey, A. Rashed, B. N. Ratcliff, B. Rebel, J. Redondo, P. Reimer, D. Reitzner, F. Ringer, A. Ringwald, S. Riordan, B. L. Roberts, D. A. Roberts, R. Robertson, F. Robicheaux, M. Rominsky, R. Roser, J. L. Rosner, C. Rott, P. Rubin, N. Saito, M. Sanchez, S. Sarkar, H. Schellman, B. Schmidt, M. Schmitt, D. W. Schmitz, J. Schneps, A. Schopper, P. Schuster, A. J. Schwartz, M. Schwarz, J. Seeman, Y. K. Semertzidis, K. K. Seth, Q. Shafi, P. Shanahan, R. Sharma, S. R. Sharpe, M. Shiozawa, V. Shiltsev, K. Sigurdson, P. Sikivie, J. Singh, D. Sivers, T. Skwarnicki, N. Smith, J. Sobczyk, H. Sobel, M. Soderberg, Y. H. Song, A. Soni, P. Souder, A. Sousa, J. Spitz, M. Stancari, G. C. Stavenga, J. H. Steffen, S. Stepanyan, D. Stoeckinger, S. Stone, J. Strait, M. Strassler, I. A. Sulai, R. Sundrum, R. Svoboda, B. Szczerbinska, A. Szelc, T. Takeuchi, P. Tanedo, S. Taneja, J. Tang, D. B. Tanner, R. Tayloe, I. Taylor, J. Thomas, C. Thorn, X. Tian, B. G. Tice, M. Tobar, N. Tolich, N. Toro, I. S. Towner, Y. Tsai, R. Tschirhart, C. D. Tunnell, M. Tzanov, A. Upadhye, J. Urheim, S. Vahsen, A. Vainshtein, E. Valencia, R. G. Van de Water, R. S. Van de Water, M. Velasco, J. Vogel, P. Vogel, W. Vogelsang, Y. W. Wah, D. Walker, N. Weiner, A. Weltman, R. Wendell, W. Wester, M. Wetstein, C. White, L. Whitehead, J. Whitmore, E. Widmann, G. Wiedemann, J. Wilkerson, G. Wilkinson, P. Wilson, R. J. Wilson, W. Winter, M. B. Wise, J. Wodin, S. Wojcicki, B. Wojtsekhowski, T. Wongjirad, E. Worcester, J. Wurtele, T. Xin, J. Xu, T. Yamanaka, Y. Yamazaki, I. Yavin, J. Yeck, M. Yeh, M. Yokoyama, J. Yoo, A. Young, E. Zimmerman, K. Zioutas, M. Zisman, J. Zupan, R. Zwaska

The Proceedings of the 2011 workshop on Fundamental Physics at the Intensity Frontier. Science opportunities at the intensity frontier are identified and described in the areas of heavy quarks, charged leptons, neutrinos, proton decay, new light weakly-coupled particles, and nucleons, nuclei, and atoms. Read More

The electromagnetic calorimeters of the various magnetic spectrometers in Hall C at Jefferson Lab are presented. For the existing HMS and SOS spectrometers design considerations, relevant construction information, and comparisons of simulated and experimental results are included. The energy resolution of the HMS and SOS calorimeters is better than $\sigma/E \sim 6%/\sqrt E $, and pion/electron ($\pi/e$) separation of about 100:1 has been achieved in energy range 1 -- 5 GeV. Read More

2012Mar

Beams of neutrinos have been proposed as a vehicle for communications under unusual circumstances, such as direct point-to-point global communication, communication with submarines, secure communications and interstellar communication. We report on the performance of a low-rate communications link established using the NuMI beam line and the MINERvA detector at Fermilab. The link achieved a decoded data rate of 0. Read More

We report on the extraction of the target mass contributions to the unpolarized proton structure functions by applying an unfolding procedure to the available world data from charged lepton scattering. The method employed is complementary to recent and future parton distribution function fits including target mass contributions and the results obtained can be utilized to further study perturbative QCD at large Bjorken x and small $Q^2$ . Global fits are performed to both the available $F^2$ and the separated $F_L$ ($F_1$) data which yield excellent descriptions and provides parameterizations of the extracted target mass contributions. Read More

2011Oct
Authors: N. Baillie, S. Tkachenko, J. Zhang, P. Bosted, S. Bultmann, M. E. Christy, H. Fenker, K. A. Griffioen, C. E. Keppel, S. E. Kuhn, W. Melnitchouk, V. Tvaskis, K. P. Adhikari, D. Adikaram, M. Aghasyan, M. J. Amaryan, M. Anghinolfini, J. Arrington, H. Avakian, H. Baghdasaryan, M. Battaglieri, A. S. Biselli, 5 D. Branford, W. J. Briscoe, W. K. Brooks, V. D. Burkert, D. S. Carman, A. Celentano, S. Chandavar, G. Charles, P. L. Cole, M. Contalbrigo, V. Crede, A. D'Angelo, A. Daniel, N. Dashyan, R. De Vita, E. De Sanctis, A. Deur, B. Dey, C. Djalali, G. Dodge, J. Domingo, D. Doughty, R. Dupre, D. Dutta, R. Ent, H. Egiyan, A. El Alaoui, L. El Fassi, L. Elouadrhiri, P. Eugenio, G. Fedotov, S. Fegan, A. Fradi, M. Y. Gabrielyan, N. Gevorgyan, G. P. Gilfoyle, K. L. Giovanetti, F. X. Girod, W. Gohn, E. Golovatch, R. W. Gothe, L. Graham, B. Guegan, M. Guidal, N. Guler, L. Guo, K. Hafidi, D. Heddle, K. Hicks, M. Holtrop, E. Hungerford, C. E. Hyde, Y. Ilieva, D. G. Ireland, M. Ispiryan, E. L. Isupov, S. S. Jawalkar, H. S. Jo, N. Kalantarians, M. Khandaker, P. Khetarpal, A. Kim, W. Kim, P. M. King, A. Klein, F. J. Klein, A. Klimenko, V. Kubarovsky, S. V. Kuleshov, N. D. Kvaltine, K. Livingston, H. Y. Lu, I . J . D. MacGregor, Y. Mao, N. Markov, B. McKinnon, T. Mineeva, B. Morrison, H. Moutarde, E. Munevar, P. Nadel-Turonski, A. Ni, S. Niccolai, I. Niculescu, G. Niculescu, M. Osipenko, A. I. Ostrovidov, L. Pappalardo, K. Park, S. Park, E. Pasyuk, S. Anefalos Pereira, S. Pisano, S. Pozdniakov, J. W. Price, S. Procureur, Y. Prok, D. Protopopescu, B. A. Raue, G. Ricco, D. Rimal, M. Ripani, G. Rosner, P. Rossi, F. Sabatie, M. S. Saini, C. Salgado, D. Schott, R. A. Schumacher, E. Seder, Y. G. Sharabian, D. I. Sober, D. Sokhan, S. Stepanyan, S. S. Stepanyan, P. Stoler, S. Strauch, M. Taiuti, W. Tang, M. Ungaro, M. F. Vineyard, E. Voutier, D. P. Watts, L. B. Weinstein, D. P. Weygand, M. H. Wood, L. Zana, B. Zhao

We report on the first measurement of the F2 structure function of the neutron from semi-inclusive scattering of electrons from deuterium, with low-momentum protons detected in the backward hemisphere. Restricting the momentum of the spectator protons to < 100 MeV and their angles to < 100 degrees relative to the momentum transfer allows an interpretation of the process in terms of scattering from nearly on-shell neutrons. The F2n data collected cover the nucleon resonance and deep-inelastic regions over a wide range of Bjorken x for 0. Read More

We present new data for the polarization observables of the final state proton in the $^{1}H(\vec{\gamma},\vec{p})\pi^{0}$ reaction. These data can be used to test predictions based on hadron helicity conservation (HHC) and perturbative QCD (pQCD). These data have both small statistical and systematic uncertainties, and were obtained with beam energies between 1. Read More

We present a parametrization of the observed enhancement in the transverse electron quasielastic (QE) response function for nucleons bound in carbon as a function of the square of the four momentum transfer (Q2) in terms of a correction to the magnetic form factors of bound nucleons. The parametrization should also be applicable to the transverse cross section in neutrino scattering. If the transverse enhancement originates from meson exchange currents (MEC), then it is theoretically expected that any enhancement in the longitudinal or axial contributions is small. Read More

Over the past decade measurements of unpolarized structure functions at Jefferson Lab with unprecedented precision have significantly advanced our knowledge of nucleon structure. These have for the first time allowed quantitative tests of the phenomenon of quark-hadron duality, and provided a deeper understanding of the transition from hadron to quark degrees of freedom in inclusive scattering. Dedicated Rosenbluth-separation experiments have yielded high-precision transverse and longitudinal structure functions in regions previously unexplored, and new techniques have enabled the first glimpses of the structure of the free neutron, without contamination from nuclear effects. Read More

A large set of cross sections for semi-inclusive electroproduction of charged pions ($\pi^\pm$) from both proton and deuteron targets was measured. The data are in the deep-inelastic scattering region with invariant mass squared $W^2$ > 4 GeV$^2$ and range in four-momentum transfer squared $2 < Q^2 < 4$ (GeV/c)$^2$, and cover a range in the Bjorken scaling variable 0.2 < x < 0. Read More

We critically examine uncertainties in parton distribution functions (PDFs) at large x arising from nuclear effects in deuterium F2 structure function data. Within a global PDF analysis, we assess the impact on the PDFs from uncertainties in the deuteron wave function at short distances and nucleon off-shell effects, the use of relativistic kinematics, as well as the use of less a restrictive parametrization of the d/u ratio. We find that in particular the d-quark and gluon PDFs vary significantly with the choice of nuclear model. Read More

We present new data on electron scattering from a range of nuclei taken in Hall C at Jefferson Lab. For heavy nuclei, we observe a rapid falloff in the cross section for $x>1$, which is sensitive to short range contributions to the nuclear wave-function, and in deep inelastic scattering corresponds to probing extremely high momentum quarks. This result agrees with higher energy muon scattering measurements, but is in sharp contrast to neutrino scattering measurements which suggested a dramatic enhancement in the distribution of the `super-fast' quarks probed at x>1. Read More

We report results of a new global next-to-leading order fit of parton distribution functions in which cuts on W and Q are relaxed, thereby including more data at high values of x. Effects of target mass corrections (TMCs), higher twist contributions, and nuclear corrections for deuterium data are significant in the large-x region. The leading twist parton distributions are found to be stable to TMC model variations as long as higher twist contributions are also included. Read More

2008Nov
Affiliations: 1nee Rohe, 2nee Rohe, 3nee Rohe, 4nee Rohe, 5nee Rohe, 6nee Rohe, 7nee Rohe, 8nee Rohe, 9nee Rohe, 10nee Rohe, 11nee Rohe, 12nee Rohe, 13nee Rohe, 14nee Rohe, 15nee Rohe, 16nee Rohe, 17nee Rohe, 18nee Rohe, 19nee Rohe, 20nee Rohe, 21nee Rohe, 22nee Rohe, 23nee Rohe, 24nee Rohe, 25nee Rohe, 26nee Rohe, 27nee Rohe, 28nee Rohe, 29nee Rohe, 30nee Rohe, 31nee Rohe, 32nee Rohe, 33nee Rohe, 34nee Rohe, 35nee Rohe, 36nee Rohe, 37nee Rohe, 38nee Rohe, 39nee Rohe, 40nee Rohe, 41nee Rohe, 42nee Rohe, 43nee Rohe, 44nee Rohe, 45nee Rohe, 46nee Rohe, 47nee Rohe, 48nee Rohe, 49nee Rohe, 50nee Rohe, 51nee Rohe, 52nee Rohe

We have extracted QCD matrix elements from our data on double polarized inelastic scattering of electrons on nuclei. We find the higher twist matrix element \tilde{d_2}, which arises strictly from quark- gluon interactions, to be unambiguously non zero. The data also reveal an isospin dependence of higher twist effects if we assume that the Burkhardt-Cottingham Sum rule is valid. Read More

Cross sections for the reaction ${^1}$H($e,e'\pi^+$)$n$ were measured in Hall C at Thomas Jefferson National Accelerator Facility (JLab) using the CEBAF high-intensity, continous electron beam in order to determine the charged pion form factor. Data were taken for central four-momentum transfers ranging from $Q^2$=0.60 to 2. Read More

The charged pion form factor, Fpi(Q^2), is an important quantity which can be used to advance our knowledge of hadronic structure. However, the extraction of Fpi from data requires a model of the 1H(e,e'pi+)n reaction, and thus is inherently model dependent. Therefore, a detailed description of the extraction of the charged pion form factor from electroproduction data obtained recently at Jefferson Lab is presented, with particular focus given to the dominant uncertainties in this procedure. Read More

2008Sep
Affiliations: 1nee Rohe, 2nee Rohe, 3nee Rohe, 4nee Rohe, 5nee Rohe, 6nee Rohe, 7nee Rohe, 8nee Rohe, 9nee Rohe, 10nee Rohe, 11nee Rohe, 12nee Rohe, 13nee Rohe, 14nee Rohe, 15nee Rohe, 16nee Rohe, 17nee Rohe, 18nee Rohe, 19nee Rohe, 20nee Rohe, 21nee Rohe, 22nee Rohe, 23nee Rohe, 24nee Rohe, 25nee Rohe, 26nee Rohe, 27nee Rohe

A search was made for sub-threshold $J/\psi$ production from a carbon target using a mixed real and quasi-real Bremsstrahlung photon beam with an endpoint energy of 5.76 GeV. No events were observed, which is consistent with predictions assuming quasi-free production. Read More

We employ a novel new approach to study local quark-hadron duality using "truncated" moments, or integrals of structure functions over restricted regions of x, to determine the degree to which individual resonance regions are dominated by leading twist. Because truncated moments obey the same Q^2 evolution equations as the leading twist parton distributions, this approach makes possible for the first time a description of resonance region data and the phenomenon of quark-hadron duality directly from QCD. Read More

An empirical fit is described to measurements of inclusive inelastic electron-proton cross sections in the kinematic range of four-momentum transfer $0 \le Q^2<8$ GeV$^2$ and final state invariant mass $1.1Read More