M. Drees - Bonn

M. Drees
Are you M. Drees?

Claim your profile, edit publications, add additional information:

Contact Details

Name
M. Drees
Affiliation
Bonn
Location

Pubs By Year

External Links

Pub Categories

 
High Energy Physics - Phenomenology (47)
 
High Energy Physics - Experiment (15)
 
Astrophysics (7)
 
Cosmology and Nongalactic Astrophysics (7)
 
Computer Science - Computer Science and Game Theory (2)
 
High Energy Physics - Theory (1)
 
High Energy Astrophysical Phenomena (1)

Publications Authored By M. Drees

In this work, we present limits on natural supersymmetry scenarios based on searches in data taken during run 1 of the LHC. We consider a set of 22000 model points in a six dimensional parameter space. These scenarios are minimal in the sense of only keeping those superparticles relatively light that are required to cancel the leading quadratically divergent quantum corrections (from the top and QCD sector) to the Higgs mass in the Standard Model. Read More

In \emph{bandwidth allocation games} (BAGs), the strategy of a player consists of various demands on different resources. The player's utility is at most the sum of these demands, provided they are fully satisfied. Every resource has a limited capacity and if it is exceeded by the total demand, it has to be split between the players. Read More

Weakly Interactive Massive Particles (WIMPs) are the most widely studied candidate particles forming the cold dark matter (CDM) whose existence can be inferred from a wealth of astrophysical and cosmological observations. In the framework of the minimal cosmological model detailed measurements on the cosmic microwave background by the PLANCK collaboration fix the scaled CDM relic density to $\Omega_{c}h^2=0.1193\pm0. Read More

We introduce the concept of budget games. Players choose a set of tasks and each task has a certain demand on every resource in the game. Each resource has a budget. Read More

In the first three years of running, the LHC has delivered a wealth of new data that is now being analysed. With over 20 fb$^{-1}$ of integrated luminosity, both ATLAS and CMS have performed many searches for new physics that theorists are eager to test their model against. However, tuning the detector simulations, understanding the particular analysis details and interpreting the results can be a tedious task. Read More

In most (weakly interacting) extensions of the Standard Model the relation mapping the parameter values onto experimentally measurable quantities can be computed (with some uncertainties), but the inverse relation is usually not known. In this paper we demonstrate the ability of artificial neural networks to find this unknown relation, by determining the unknown parameters of the constrained minimal supersymmetric extension of the Standard Model (CMSSM) from quantities that can be measured at the LHC. We expect that the method works also for many other new physics models. Read More

We consider the discovery potential of light stops in the MSSM at the LHC. Here, we assume that the lightest neutralino is the LSP and that the lighter stop is the NLSP. Direct stop pair production is difficult to probe in scenarios with a small mass splitting between the stop and a neutralino. Read More

We consider quantum corrections to co-annihilation processes of Weakly Interacting Massive Particles (WIMPs) due to the exchange of light bosons in the initial state ("Sommerfeld corrections"). We work at one-loop level, i.e. Read More

The LHC collaborations have recently announced evidence for the production of a "Higgs--like" boson with mass near 125 GeV. The properties of the new particle are consistent (within still quite large uncertainties) with those of the Higgs boson predicted in the Standard Model (SM). This discovery comes nearly ten years after a combined analysis of the four LEP experiments showed a mild excess of Higgs--like events with a mass near 98 GeV. Read More

In the framework of the minimal cosmological standard model, the $\Lambda$CDM model, the Dark Matter density is now known with an error of a few percent; this error is expected to shrink even further once PLANCK data are analyzed. Matching this precision by theoretical calculations implies that at least leading radiative corrections to the annihilation cross section of the dark matter particles have to be included. Here we compute one kind of large corrections in the context of the minimal supersymmetric extension of the Standard Model: corrections associated with two-point function corrections on chargino and neutralino lines. Read More

In 2008 the CDF Collaboration announced the discovery of an excess of events with two or more muons, dubbed "ghost" events for their unusual properties. In a recent update, CDF finds that the azimuthal angle distribution between the primary (trigger) muons is significantly more back-to-back than that of all known sources of di-muon backgrounds. Here we show that this angular distribution cannot be reproduced in models where the muons are produced in the decays of relatively light X-particles: all models of this kind also predict a much broader distribution than that found by CDF. Read More

The LHC inverse problem refers to the difficulties in determining the parameters of an underlying theory from data (to be) taken by the LHC experiments: if they find signals of new physics, and an underlying theory is assumed, could its parameters be determined uniquely, or do different parameter choices give indistinguishable experimental signatures? This inverse problem was studied before for a supersymmetric Standard Model with 15 free parameters. This earlier study found 283 indistinguishable pairs of parameter choices, called degenerate pairs, even if backgrounds are ignored. We can resolve all but 23 of those pairs by constructing a true \chi^2 distribution using mostly counting observables. Read More

A broad range of single field models of inflation are analyzed in light of all relevant recent cosmological data, checking whether they can lead to the formation of long--lived Primordial Black Holes (PBHs) as candidate for dark matter. To that end we calculate the spectral index of the power spectrum of primordial perturbations as well as its first and second derivatives. PBH formation is possible only if the spectral index $n_S(k_0)$ increases significantly at small scales. Read More

This is the mini-review on Dark Matter in the 2012 edition of the Particle Data Group's Review of Particle Properties. After briefly summarizing the arguments in favor of the existence of Dark Matter, we list possible candidates, ranging in mass from a fraction of an eV (e.g. Read More

We consider light top squarks (stops) in the minimal supersymmetric Standard Model at the Large Hadron Collider. Here, we assume that the lightest neutralino is the lightest supersymmetric particle (LSP) and the lighter stop is the next-to-LSP. Stop pair production is difficult to probe at the Large Hadron Collider for small stop-LSP mass splitting. Read More

A broad range of single field models of inflation are analyzed in light of all relevant recent cosmological data, checking whether they can lead to the formation of long-lived Primordial Black Holes (PBHs). To that end we calculate the spectral index of the power spectrum of primordial perturbations as well as its first and second derivatives. PBH formation is possible only if the spectral index increases significantly at small scales, i. Read More

In the CP-violating Minimal Supersymmetric Standard Model, we study the production of a neutralino-chargino pair at the LHC. For their decays into three leptons, we analyze CP asymmetries which are sensitive to the CP phases of the neutralino and chargino sector. We present analytical formulas for the entire production and decay process, and identify the CP-violating contributions in the spin correlation terms. Read More

We discuss the choice of input parameters for the renormalization of the chargino and neutralino sector in the minimal supersymmetric standard model (MSSM) in the on-shell scheme. We show that one should chose the masses of a bino-like, a wino-like and a higgsino-like state as inputs in order to avoid large corrections to the masses of the other eigenstates in this sector. We also show that schemes where the higgsino-like input state is a neutralino are more stable than those where the mass of the higgsino-like chargino is used as input. Read More

We investigate the relic abundance of asymmetric Dark Matter particles that were in thermal equilibrium in the early universe. The standard analytic calculation of the symmetric Dark Matter is generalized to the asymmetric case. We calculate the asymmetry required to explain the observed Dark Matter relic abundance as a function of the annihilation cross section. Read More

We revisit the question whether the running-mass inflation model allows the formation of Primordial Black Holes (PBHs) that are sufficiently long-lived to serve as candidates for Dark Matter. We incorporate recent cosmological data, including the WMAP 7-year results. Moreover, we include "the running of the running" of the spectral index of the power spectrum, as well as the renormalization group "running of the running" of the inflaton mass term. Read More

We propose a new method to discover light top squarks (stops) in the co-annihilation region at the Large Hadron Collider (LHC). The bino-like neutralino is the lightest supersymmetric particle (LSP) and the lighter stop is the next-to-LSP. Such scenarios can be consistent with electroweak baryogenesis and also with dark matter constraints. Read More

We analyze the prospect for observing the intermediate neutral Higgs boson ($h_2$) in its decay to two lighter Higgs bosons ($h_1$) at the presently operating hadron colliders in the framework of the CP violating MSSM using the PYTHIA event generator. We consider the lepton+ 4-jets+ $\met$ channel from associate $W h_2$ production, with $W h_2 \ra W h_1 h_1 \ra \ell \nu_\ell b \bar b b\bar b$. We require two, three or four tagged $b$-jets. Read More

We analyze the prospect for observing the intermediate neutral Higgs boson ($h_2$) in its decay to two lighter Higgs bosons ($h_1$) at the presently operating hadron colliders in the framework of the CP violating MSSM using the PYTHIA event generator. We consider the lepton+ 4-jets+ $\met$ channel from associate $W h_2$ production, with $W h_2 \ra W h_1 h_1 \ra \ell \nu_\ell b \bar b b\bar b$. We require two or three tagged $b$-jets. Read More

In 2008 the CDF collaboration discovered a large excess of events containing two or more muons, at least one of which seemed to have been produced outside the beam pipe. We investigate whether similar "ghost" events could (and should) have been seen in already completed experiments. The CDF di-muon data can be reproduced by a simple model where a relatively light X particle undergoes four-body decay. Read More

We investigate the detectability of neutralino Dark Matter via direct and indirect searches as well as collider signatures of an $SO(10)$ model with two intermediate scales. We compare the direct Dark Matter detection cross section and the muon flux due to neutralino annihilation in the Sun that we obtain in this model with mSUGRA predictions and with the sensitivity of current and future experiments. In both cases, we find that the detectability improves as the model deviates more from mSUGRA. Read More

We compute one-loop corrections to the annihilation of non--relativistic particles $\chi$ due to the exchange of a (gauge or Higgs) boson $\phi$ with mass $\mu$ in the initial state. In the limit $m_\chi \gg \mu$ this leads to the "Sommerfeld enhancement" of the annihilation cross section. However, here we are interested in the case $\mu \lsim m_\chi$, where the one--loop corrections are well--behaved, but can still be sizable. Read More

The exchange of electroweak gauginos in the $t-$ or $u-$channel allows squark pair production at hadron colliders without color exchange between the squarks. This can give rise to events where little or no energy is deposited in the detector between the squark decay products. We discuss the potential for detection of such rapidity gap events at the Large Hadron Collider (LHC). Read More

The exchange of electroweak gauginos in the $t-$ or $u-$channel allows squark pair production at hadron colliders without color exchange between the squarks. This can give rise to events where little or no energy is deposited in the detector between the squark decay products. We discuss the potential for detection of such rapidity gap events at the Large Hadron Collider (LHC). Read More

Approximate analytical solutions of the Boltzmann equation for particles that are either extremely relativistic or non-relativistic when they decouple from the thermal bath are well established. However, no analytical formula for the relic density of particles that are semi-relativistic at decoupling is yet known. We propose a new ansatz for the thermal average of the annihilation cross sections for such particles, and find a semi-analytical treatment for calculating their relic densities. Read More

In this talk we present data analysis methods for reconstructing the mass and couplings of Weakly Interacting Massive Particles (WIMPs) by using directly future experimental data (i.e., measured recoil energies) from direct Dark Matter detection. Read More

Elements of the phenomenology of color-octet scalars (sgluons), as predicted in the hybrid N=1/N=2 supersymmetric model, are discussed in the light of forthcoming experiments at the CERN Large Hadron Collider. Read More

2008Dec
Affiliations: 1Chonbuk Natl. Univ., 2Bonn, 3Warsaw and CERN, 4Bonn, 5Aachen, 6Aachen, DESY and Orsay

The color gauge hyper-multiplet in N=2 supersymmetry consists of the usual N=1 gauge vector/gaugino super-multiplet, joined with a novel gaugino/scalar super-multiplet. Large cross sections are predicted for the production of pairs of the color-octet scalars $\sigma$ [sgluons] at the LHC: $gg, q\bar{q} \to \sigma\sigma^{\ast}$. Single $\sigma$ production is possible at one-loop level, but the $g g\to \sigma$ amplitude vanishes in the limit of degenerate $L$ and $R$ squarks. Read More

We consider a supersymmetric Grand Unified Theory (GUT) based on the gauge group SO(10) suggested by Aulakh et al., which features two--step intermediate symmetry breaking, $SO(10) \to SU(4)_C \times SU(2)_L \times SU(2)_R \to SU(3)_C \times U(1)_{B-L} \times SU(2)_L \times SU(2)_R \to SU(3)_C \times SU(2)_L \times U(1)_Y$. {\bf $45, 54, 126+\overline{126}$} dimensional representations of Higgs superfields are employed to achieve this symmetry breaking chain. Read More

Weakly Interacting Massive Particles (WIMPs) are one of the leading candidates for Dark Matter. For understanding the properties of WIMPs and identifying them among new particles produced at colliders (hopefully in the near future), determinations of their mass and their couplings on nucleons from direct Dark Matter detection experiments are essential. Based on our method for determining the WIMP mass model-independently from experimental data, we present a way to also estimate the spin-independent (SI) WIMP-nucleon coupling by using measured recoil energies directly. Read More

We analyze the prospect for observing the intermediate neutral Higgs ($h_2$) boson in its decay to two lighter Higgs bosons ($h_1$) at the Tevatron in the framework of the CP violating MSSM using the PYTHIA event generator. We consider the lepton+ 4-jets+ $\met$ channel from $p \bar p \ra W h_2 \ra W h_1 h_1 \ra l \nu_l b \bar b b\bar b$, with two or three tagged $b$ jets. We found that it is very hard to observe this signature in the LEP-allowed region of parameter space, due to the small signal efficiency. Read More

Weakly Interacting Massive Particles (WIMPs) are one of the leading candidates for Dark Matter. We developed a model-independent method for determining the WIMP mass by using data (i.e. Read More

Gluinos and neutralinos, supersymmetric partners of gluons and neutral electroweak gauge and Higgs bosons, are Majorana particles in the Minimal Supersymmetric Standard Model [MSSM]. Decays of such self-conjugate particles generate charge symmetric ensembles of final states. Moreover, production channels of supersymmetric particles at colliders are characteristically affected by the Majorana nature of particles exchanged in the production processes. Read More

Weakly Interacting Massive Particles (WIMPs) are one of the leading candidates for Dark Matter. We develop a model-independent method for determining the mass $m_\chi$ of the WIMP by using data (i.e. Read More

We discuss constrained and semi--constrained versions of the next--to--minimal supersymmetric extension of the Standard Model (NMSSM) in which a singlet Higgs superfield is added to the two doublet superfields that are present in the minimal extension (MSSM). This leads to a richer Higgs and neutralino spectrum and allows for many interesting phenomena that are not present in the MSSM. In particular, light Higgs particles are still allowed by current constraints and could appear as decay products of the heavier Higgs states, rendering their search rather difficult at the LHC. Read More

Weakly interacting massive particles (WIMPs) are one of the leading candidates for Dark Matter. So far we can use direct Dark Matter detection to estimate the mass of halo WIMPs only by fitting predicted recoil spectra to future experimental data. Here we develop a model-independent method for determining the WIMP mass by using experimental data directly. Read More

We compute electroweak contributions to the production of squark pairs at hadron colliders. These include the exchange of electroweak gauge bosons in the $s-$channel as well as electroweak gaugino exchange in the $t-$ and/or $u-$channel. In many cases these can interfere with the dominant QCD contributions. Read More

2007Sep
Affiliations: 1Bonn University, 2Bonn University, 3Bonn University, 4Bonn University

In this paper we compute electroweak contributions to the production of squark pairs at hadron colliders. These include the exchange of electroweak gauge bosons in the s-channel as well as electroweak gaugino exchange in the t- and/or u-channel. In many cases these can interfere with the dominant QCD contributions. Read More

``Top--down'' models explain the observation of ultra high energy cosmic rays (UHECR; $E \gsim 5 \cdot 10^{19}$ eV) through the decay of very massive, long--lived ``$X$ particles''. If superparticles with masses near a TeV exist, $X$ decays also lead to a significant flux of very energetic neutralinos, assumed to be the (stable or long--lived) lightest superparticles. There is a range of energies where neutrinos get absorbed in the Earth, but neutralinos can still traverse it. Read More

We investigate the relic density n_\chi of non-relativistic long-lived or stable particles \chi in non-standard cosmological scenarios. We calculate the relic abundance starting from arbitrary initial temperatures of the radiation-dominated epoch, and derive the lower bound on the initial temperature T_0 \geq m_\chi/23, assuming that thermally produced \chi particles account for the dark matter energy density in the universe; this bound holds for all \chi annihilation cross sections. We also investigate cosmological scenarios with modified expansion rate. Read More

Weakly interacting massive particles (WIMPs) are one of the leading candidates for dark matter. Currently, the most promising method to detect many different WIMP candidates is the direct detection of the recoil energy deposited in a low-background laboratory detector due to elastic WIMP-nucleus scattering. So far the usual procedure has been to predict the event rate of direct detection of WIMPs based on some model(s) of the galactic halo. Read More

We calculate one-loop corrections to the decays of the next-to-lightest neutralino $\tilde{\chi}_2^0$ into the lightest neutralino $\tilde{\chi}_1^0$ and two leptons; this includes diagrams where a real photon is emitted. In cases where two-body decays $\tilde{\chi}_2^0 \to \tilde{l}^\pm_1 l^\mp \to \tilde{\chi}_1^0 l^- l^+$ are kinematically allowed, we calculate these decays both with and without the single-pole approximation, and find consistent results. For example, for the minimal supergravity parameter set SPS1a, the integrated partial widths (the branching ratios) for $\tilde{\chi}_2^0\to \tilde{\chi}_1^0 l^- l^+ (l = e, \mu)$ are enhanced by about 15. Read More

In models with ``large'' and/or warped extra dimensions, the higher-dimensional Planck scale may be as low as a TeV. In that case black holes with masses of a few TeV are expected to be produced copiously in multi-TeV collisions, in particular at the LHC. These black holes decay through Hawking radiation into typically O(20) Standard Model particles. Read More

The origin of the most energetic cosmic ray events, with $E \gsim 10^{20}$ eV, remains mysterious. One possibility is that they are produced in the decay of very massive, long--lived particles. It has been suggested that these so--called ``top--down scenarios'' can be tested by searching for ultrarelativistic neutralinos, which would be produced copiously if superparticles exist at or near the TeV scale. Read More

We investigate the relic density n_\chi of non-relativistic long-lived or stable particles \chi in cosmological scenarios in which the temperature T is too low for \chi to achieve full chemical equilibrium. The case with a heavier particle decaying into \chi is also investigated. We derive approximate solutions for n_\chi(T) which accurately reproduce numerical results when full thermal equilibrium is not achieved. Read More