M. Doring

M. Doring
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Nuclear Theory (37)
 
High Energy Physics - Phenomenology (25)
 
Nuclear Experiment (12)
 
High Energy Physics - Lattice (12)
 
High Energy Physics - Experiment (4)

Publications Authored By M. Doring

2017Mar
Authors: P. Collins, B. G. Ritchie, M. Dugger, A. V. Anisovich, M. Döring, E. Klempt, V. A. Nikonov, D. Rönchen, D. Sadasivan, A. Sarantsev, K. P. Adhikaria, Z. Akbar, M. J. Amaryana, S. Anefalos Pereira, H. Avakiana, J. Ball, I. Balossino, M. Bashkanova, M. Battaglieri, I. Bedlinskiy, A. S. Bisellik, W. J. Briscoe, W. K. Brooks, V. D. Burkert, Frank Thanh Cao, D. S. Carman, A. Celentano, S. Chandavar, G. Charles, T. Chetry, G. Ciullo, L. Clark, L. Colaneri, P. L. Cole, N. Compton, M. Contalbrigo, O. Cortes, V. Crede, A. D'Angelo, N. Dashyan, R. De Vita, E. De Sanctis, A. Deur, C. Djalali, R. Dupre, H. Egiyan, A. El Alaoui, L. El Fassi, L. Elouadrhiri, P. Eugenio, E. Fanchini, G. Fedotov, A. Filippi, J. A. Fleming, Y. Ghandilyan, G. P. Gilfoyle, K. L. Giovanetti, F. X. Girod, D. I. Glazier, C. Gleason, E. Golovatch, R. W. Gothe, K. A. Griffioen, L. Guo, K. Hafidi, H. Hakobyan, C. Hanretty, N. Harrison, D. Heddle, K. Hicks, M. Holtrop, S. M. Hughes, Y. Ilieva, D. G. Ireland, B. S. Ishkhanov, E. L. Isupov, D. Jenkins, H. S. Jo, S. Joosten, D. Keller, G. Khachatryan, M. Khachatryan, M. Khandaker, A. Kim, W. Kim, A. Klein, F. J. Klein, V. Kubarovsky, L. Lanza, P. Lenisa, K. Livingston, I. J. D. MacGregor, N. Markov, B. McKinnon, C. A. Meyer, M. Mirazita, V. Mokeev, R. A. Montgomery, A Movsisyan, C. Munoz Camacho, G. Murdoch, P. Nadel-Turonski, S. Niccolai, G. Niculescu, I. Niculescu, M. Osipenko, A. I. Ostrovidov, M. Paolone, R. Paremuzyan, K. Park, E. Pasyuk, W. Phelps, S. Pisano, O. Pogorelko, J. W. Price, Y. Prok, D. Protopopescu, B. A. Raue, M. Ripani, A. Rizzo, G. Rosner, P. Roy, F. Sabatié, C. Salgado, R. A. Schumacher, Y. G. Sharabian, Iu. Skorodumina, G. D. Smith, D. Sokhan, N. Sparveris, S. Stepanyan, I. I. Strakovsky, S. Strauch, M. Taiuti, Ye Tian, B. Torayev, M. Ungaro, H. Voskanyan, E. Voutier, N. K. Walford, X. Wei, N. Zachariou, J. Zhang

Measurements of the linearly-polarized photon beam asymmetry $\Sigma$ for photoproduction from the proton of $\eta$ and $\eta^\prime$ mesons are reported. A linearly-polarized tagged photon beam produced by coherent bremsstrahlung was incident on a cryogenic hydrogen target within the CEBAF Large Acceptance Spectrometer. Results are presented for the $\gamma p \to \eta p$ reaction for incident photon energies from 1. Read More

Recently, the GWU lattice group has evaluated high-precision phase-shift data for $\pi\pi$ scattering in the $I = 1$, $J = 1$ channel. Unitary Chiral Perturbation Theory describes these data well around the resonance region and for different pion masses. Moreover, it allows to extrapolate to the physical point and estimate the effect of the missing $K\bar{K}$ channel in the two-flavor lattice calculation. Read More

We analyze recent results on isoscalar $\pi\pi$ scattering from a $N_f=2+1$ lattice simulation by the HadronSpectrum collaboration by re-summing the two-flavor chiral scattering amplitude of the next-to-leading order in the so-called inverse amplitude method. The lattice data can be well extrapolated to the physical pion mass. We also find that both $I=0$ and $I=1$ lattice data can be described simultaneously for pion masses up to $M_{\pi}=236$ MeV. Read More

Partial-wave analysis of meson and photon-induced reactions is needed to enable the comparison of many theoretical approaches to data. In both energy-dependent and independent parametrizations of partial waves, the selection of the model amplitude is crucial. Principles of the $S$-matrix are implemented to different degree in different approaches, but a many times overlooked aspect concerns the selection of undetermined coefficients and functional forms for fitting, leading to a minimal yet sufficient parametrization. Read More

Electromagnetic resonance properties are uniquely defined at the pole and do not depend on the separation of the resonance from background or the decay channel. Photon-nucleon branching ratios are nowadays often quoted at the pole, and we generalize the considerations to the case of virtual photons. We derive and compare relations for nucleon to baryon transition form factors both for the Breit-Wigner and the pole positions. Read More

The $\rho (770)$ meson is the most extensively studied resonance in lattice QCD simulations in two ($N_f=2$) and three ($N_f=2+1$) flavor formulations. We analyze $N_f=2$ lattice scattering data using unitarized Chiral Perturbation Theory, allowing not only for the extrapolation in mass but also in flavor, $N_f=2\to N_f=2+1$. The flavor extrapolation requires information from a global fit to $\pi\pi$ and $\pi K$ phase shifts from experiment. Read More

New data on pion-photoproduction off the proton have been included in the partial wave analyses Bonn-Gatchina and SAID and in the dynamical coupled-channel approach J\"ulich-Bonn. All reproduce the recent new data well: the double polarization data for E, G, H, P and T in $\gamma p \to \pi^0 p$ from ELSA, the beam asymmetry $\Sigma$ for $\gamma p \to \pi^0 p$ and $\pi^+ n$ from Jefferson Laboratory, and the precise new differential cross section and beam asymmetry data $\Sigma$ for $\gamma p \to \pi^0 p$ from MAMI. The new fit results for the multipoles are compared with predictions not taking into account the new data. Read More

We develop a method to measure the amount of compositeness of a resonance, mostly made as a bound state of two hadrons, by simultaneously measuring the rate of production of the resonance and the mass distribution of the two hadrons close to threshold. By using different methods of analysis we conclude that the method allows one to extract the value of 1-Z with about $0.1$ of uncertainty. Read More

The extraction of hadron-hadron scattering parameters from lattice data by using the L\"uscher approach becomes increasingly complicated in the presence of inelastic channels. We propose a method for the direct extraction of the complex hadron-hadron optical potential on the lattice, which does not require the use of the multi-channel L\"uscher formalism. Moreover, this method is applicable without modifications if some inelastic channels contain three or more particles. Read More

In the search for missing baryonic resonances, many analyses include data from a variety of pion- and photon-induced reactions. For elastic $\pi N$ scattering, however, usually the partial waves of the SAID or other groups are fitted, instead of data. We provide the partial-wave covariance matrices needed to perform correlated $\chi^2$ fits, in which the obtained $\chi^2$ equals the actual $\chi^2$ up non-linear and normalization corrections. Read More

In this review we give a perspective of the theoretical work done recently on the interpretation of results from $B$, $D$, $\Lambda_b$, $\Lambda_c$ weak decays into final states that contain interacting hadrons, and how it is possible to obtain additional valuable information that is increasing our understanding of hadron interactions and the nature of many hadronic resonances. The novelty of these processes is that one begins with a clean picture at the quark level which allows one to select the basic mechanisms by means of which the process proceeds. Finally, one has a final state described in terms of quarks. Read More

The $\Lambda(1405)$ baryon is difficult to detect in experiment, absent in many quark model calculations, and supposedly manifested through a two-pole structure. Its uncommon properties made it subject to numerous experimental and theoretical studies in recent years. Lattice-QCD eigenvalues for different quark masses were recently reported by the Adelaide group. Read More

The $\eta N$ final state is isospin-selective and thus provides access to the spectrum of excited nucleons without being affected by excited $\Delta$ states. To this end, the world database on eta photoproduction off the proton up to a center-of-mass energy of $E\sim 2.3$ GeV is analyzed, including data on differential cross sections, and single and double polarization observables. Read More

Over the past two decades, meson photo- and electro-production data of unprecedented quality and quantity have been measured at electromagnetic facilities worldwide. By contrast, the meson-beam data for the same hadronic final states are mostly outdated and largely of poor quality, or even nonexistent, and thus provide inadequate input to help interpret, analyze, and exploit the full potential of the new electromagnetic data. To reap the full benefit of the high-precision electromagnetic data, new high-statistics data from measurements with meson beams, with good angle and energy coverage for a wide range of reactions, are critically needed to advance our knowledge in baryon and meson spectroscopy and other related areas of hadron physics. Read More

2015Mar
Authors: S. Strauch1, W. J. Briscoe2, M. Döring3, E. Klempt4, V. A. Nikonov5, E. Pasyuk6, D. Rönchen7, A. V. Sarantsev8, I. Strakovsky9, R. Workman10, K. P. Adhikari11, D. Adikaram12, M. D. Anderson13, S. Anefalos Pereira14, A. V. Anisovich15, R. A. Badui16, J. Ball17, V. Batourine18, M. Battaglieri19, I. Bedlinskiy20, N. Benmouna21, A. S. Biselli22, J. Brock23, W. K. Brooks24, V. D. Burkert25, T. Cao26, C. Carlin27, D. S. Carman28, A. Celentano29, S. Chandavar30, G. Charles31, L. Colaneri32, P. L. Cole33, N. Compton34, M. Contalbrigo35, O. Cortes36, V. Crede37, N. Dashyan38, A. D'Angelo39, R. De Vita40, E. De Sanctis41, A. Deur42, C. Djalali43, M. Dugger44, R. Dupre45, H. Egiyan46, A. El Alaoui47, L. El Fassi48, L. Elouadrhiri49, P. Eugenio50, G. Fedotov51, S. Fegan52, A. Filippi53, J. A. Fleming54, T. A. Forest55, A. Fradi56, N. Gevorgyan57, Y. Ghandilyan58, K. L. Giovanetti59, F. X. Girod60, D. I. Glazier61, W. Gohn62, E. Golovatch63, R. W. Gothe64, K. A. Griffioen65, M. Guidal66, L. Guo67, K. Hafidi68, H. Hakobyan69, C. Hanretty70, N. Harrison71, M. Hattawy72, K. Hicks73, D. Ho74, M. Holtrop75, S. M. Hughes76, Y. Ilieva77, D. G. Ireland78, B. S. Ishkhanov79, E. L. Isupov80, D. Jenkins81, H. Jiang82, H. S. Jo83, K. Joo84, S. Joosten85, C. D. Keith86, D. Keller87, G. Khachatryan88, M. Khandaker89, A. Kim90, W. Kim91, A. Klein92, F. J. Klein93, V. Kubarovsky94, S. E. Kuhn95, P. Lenisa96, K. Livingston97, H. Y. Lu98, I . J . D. MacGregor99, N. Markov100, B. McKinnon101, D. G. Meekins102, C. A. Meyer103, V. Mokeev104, R. A. Montgomery105, C. I. Moody106, H. Moutarde107, A Movsisyan108, E. Munevar109, C. Munoz Camacho110, P. Nadel-Turonski111, L. A. Net112, S. Niccolai113, G. Niculescu114, I. Niculescu115, M. Osipenko116, A. I. Ostrovidov117, K. Park118, P. Peng119, W. Phelps120, J. J. Phillips121, S. Pisano122, O. Pogorelko123, S. Pozdniakov124, J. W. Price125, S. Procureur126, Y. Prok127, D. Protopopescu128, A. J. R. Puckett129, B. A. Raue130, M. Ripani131, B. G. Ritchie132, A. Rizzo133, G. Rosner134, P. Roy135, F. Sabatié136, C. Salgado137, D. Schott138, R. A. Schumacher139, E. Seder140, M. L. Seely141, I Senderovich142, Y. G. Sharabian143, A. Simonyan144, Iu. Skorodumina145, G. D. Smith146, D. I. Sober147, D. Sokhan148, N. Sparveris149, P. Stoler150, S. Stepanyan151, V. Sytnik152, M. Taiuti153, Ye Tian154, A. Trivedi155, R. Tucker156, M. Ungaro157, H. Voskanyan158, E. Voutier159, N. K. Walford160, D. P. Watts161, X. Wei162, M. H. Wood163, N. Zachariou164, L. Zana165, J. Zhang166, Z. W. Zhao167, I. Zonta168
Affiliations: 1The CLAS Collaboration, 2The CLAS Collaboration, 3The CLAS Collaboration, 4The CLAS Collaboration, 5The CLAS Collaboration, 6The CLAS Collaboration, 7The CLAS Collaboration, 8The CLAS Collaboration, 9The CLAS Collaboration, 10The CLAS Collaboration, 11The CLAS Collaboration, 12The CLAS Collaboration, 13The CLAS Collaboration, 14The CLAS Collaboration, 15The CLAS Collaboration, 16The CLAS Collaboration, 17The CLAS Collaboration, 18The CLAS Collaboration, 19The CLAS Collaboration, 20The CLAS Collaboration, 21The CLAS Collaboration, 22The CLAS Collaboration, 23The CLAS Collaboration, 24The CLAS Collaboration, 25The CLAS Collaboration, 26The CLAS Collaboration, 27The CLAS Collaboration, 28The CLAS Collaboration, 29The CLAS Collaboration, 30The CLAS Collaboration, 31The CLAS Collaboration, 32The CLAS Collaboration, 33The CLAS Collaboration, 34The CLAS Collaboration, 35The CLAS Collaboration, 36The CLAS Collaboration, 37The CLAS Collaboration, 38The CLAS Collaboration, 39The CLAS Collaboration, 40The CLAS Collaboration, 41The CLAS Collaboration, 42The CLAS Collaboration, 43The CLAS Collaboration, 44The CLAS Collaboration, 45The CLAS Collaboration, 46The CLAS Collaboration, 47The CLAS Collaboration, 48The CLAS Collaboration, 49The CLAS Collaboration, 50The CLAS Collaboration, 51The CLAS Collaboration, 52The CLAS Collaboration, 53The CLAS Collaboration, 54The CLAS Collaboration, 55The CLAS Collaboration, 56The CLAS Collaboration, 57The CLAS Collaboration, 58The CLAS Collaboration, 59The CLAS Collaboration, 60The CLAS Collaboration, 61The CLAS Collaboration, 62The CLAS Collaboration, 63The CLAS Collaboration, 64The CLAS Collaboration, 65The CLAS Collaboration, 66The CLAS Collaboration, 67The CLAS Collaboration, 68The CLAS Collaboration, 69The CLAS Collaboration, 70The CLAS Collaboration, 71The CLAS Collaboration, 72The CLAS Collaboration, 73The CLAS Collaboration, 74The CLAS Collaboration, 75The CLAS Collaboration, 76The CLAS Collaboration, 77The CLAS Collaboration, 78The CLAS Collaboration, 79The CLAS Collaboration, 80The CLAS Collaboration, 81The CLAS Collaboration, 82The CLAS Collaboration, 83The CLAS Collaboration, 84The CLAS Collaboration, 85The CLAS Collaboration, 86The CLAS Collaboration, 87The CLAS Collaboration, 88The CLAS Collaboration, 89The CLAS Collaboration, 90The CLAS Collaboration, 91The CLAS Collaboration, 92The CLAS Collaboration, 93The CLAS Collaboration, 94The CLAS Collaboration, 95The CLAS Collaboration, 96The CLAS Collaboration, 97The CLAS Collaboration, 98The CLAS Collaboration, 99The CLAS Collaboration, 100The CLAS Collaboration, 101The CLAS Collaboration, 102The CLAS Collaboration, 103The CLAS Collaboration, 104The CLAS Collaboration, 105The CLAS Collaboration, 106The CLAS Collaboration, 107The CLAS Collaboration, 108The CLAS Collaboration, 109The CLAS Collaboration, 110The CLAS Collaboration, 111The CLAS Collaboration, 112The CLAS Collaboration, 113The CLAS Collaboration, 114The CLAS Collaboration, 115The CLAS Collaboration, 116The CLAS Collaboration, 117The CLAS Collaboration, 118The CLAS Collaboration, 119The CLAS Collaboration, 120The CLAS Collaboration, 121The CLAS Collaboration, 122The CLAS Collaboration, 123The CLAS Collaboration, 124The CLAS Collaboration, 125The CLAS Collaboration, 126The CLAS Collaboration, 127The CLAS Collaboration, 128The CLAS Collaboration, 129The CLAS Collaboration, 130The CLAS Collaboration, 131The CLAS Collaboration, 132The CLAS Collaboration, 133The CLAS Collaboration, 134The CLAS Collaboration, 135The CLAS Collaboration, 136The CLAS Collaboration, 137The CLAS Collaboration, 138The CLAS Collaboration, 139The CLAS Collaboration, 140The CLAS Collaboration, 141The CLAS Collaboration, 142The CLAS Collaboration, 143The CLAS Collaboration, 144The CLAS Collaboration, 145The CLAS Collaboration, 146The CLAS Collaboration, 147The CLAS Collaboration, 148The CLAS Collaboration, 149The CLAS Collaboration, 150The CLAS Collaboration, 151The CLAS Collaboration, 152The CLAS Collaboration, 153The CLAS Collaboration, 154The CLAS Collaboration, 155The CLAS Collaboration, 156The CLAS Collaboration, 157The CLAS Collaboration, 158The CLAS Collaboration, 159The CLAS Collaboration, 160The CLAS Collaboration, 161The CLAS Collaboration, 162The CLAS Collaboration, 163The CLAS Collaboration, 164The CLAS Collaboration, 165The CLAS Collaboration, 166The CLAS Collaboration, 167The CLAS Collaboration, 168The CLAS Collaboration

First results from the longitudinally polarized frozen-spin target (FROST) program are reported. The double-polarization observable E, for the reaction $\vec \gamma \vec p \to \pi^+n$, has been measured using a circularly polarized tagged-photon beam, with energies from 0.35 to 2. Read More

We investigate the decay of $\bar B^0 \to \bar K^{*0} R$ and $\bar B^0_s \to \phi R$ with $R$ being the $X(4160)$, $Y(3940)$, $Z(3930)$ resonances. Under the assumption that these states are dynamically generated from the vector-vector interaction, as has been concluded from several theoretical studies, we use a reaction mechanism of quark production at the elementary level, followed by hadronization of one final $q \bar q$ pair into two vectors and posterior final state interaction of this pair of vector mesons to produce the resonances. With this procedure we are able to predict five ratios for these decays, which are closely linked to the dynamical nature of these states, and also predict the order of magnitude of the branching ratios which we find of the order of $10^{-4}$, well within the present measurable range. Read More

The series of workshops on New Partial-Wave Analysis Tools for Next-Generation Hadron Spectroscopy Experiments was initiated with the ATHOS 2012 meeting, which took place in Camogli, Italy, June 20-22, 2012. It was followed by ATHOS 2013 in Kloster Seeon near Munich, Germany, May 21-24, 2013. The third, ATHOS3, meeting is planned for April 13-17, 2015 at The George Washington University Virginia Science and Technology Campus, USA. Read More

The reactions $\gamma p\to\pi^0 p$ and $\gamma p\to\pi^+ n$ are analyzed in a semi-phenomenological approach up to $E\sim2.3$ GeV. Fits to differential cross section and single and double polarization observables are performed. Read More

The flavor-changing neutral current process $b\to s l^+l^-$ is beneficial to testing the standard model and hunting for new physics scenarios. In exclusive decay modes like $B\to K^*(892)l^+l^-$, the S-wave effects may not be negligible and thus have to be reliably estimated. Using the scalar form factors derived from dispersion relations in two channels and matched to Chiral Perturbation Theory, we investigate the S-wave contributions in $\bar B^0\to K^- \pi^+ l^+l^-$, with the $K\pi$ invariant mass lying in the vicinity of the mass of $K^*(892)$, and the $B_s\to K^- K^+ l^+l^-$ with $m_{KK}\sim m_{\phi}$. Read More

For resonances decaying in a finite volume, the simple identification of state and eigenvalue is lost. The extraction of the scattering amplitude is a major challenge as we demonstrate by extrapolating the physical S_{11} amplitude of pion-nucleon scattering to the finite volume and unphysical quark masses, using a unitarized chiral framework including all next-to-leading order contact terms. We show that the pole movement of the resonances N(1535)1/2^- and N(1650)1/2^- with varying quark masses is non-trivial. Read More

Elastic piN scattering and the world data of the family of reactions pi^- p --> eta n, K^0 Lambda$, K^0 Sigma^0, K^+ Sigma^-, and pi^+ p --> K^+ Sigma^+ are described simultaneously in an analytic, unitary, coupled-channel approach. SU(3) flavor symmetry is used to relate both the t- and the u- channel exchanges that drive the meson-baryon interaction in the different channels. Angular distributions, polarizations, and spin-rotation parameters are compared with available experimental data. Read More

Phase shifts and resonance parameters can be obtained from finite-volume lattice spectra for interacting pairs of particles, moving with nonzero total momentum. We present a simple derivation of the method that is subsequently applied to obtain the pi pi and pi K phase shifts in the sectors with total isospin I=0 and I=1/2, respectively. Considering different total momenta, one obtains extra data points for a given volume that allow for a very efficient extraction of the resonance parameters in the infinite-volume limit. Read More

Simulating the kappa(800) on the lattice is a challenging task that starts to become feasible due to the rapid progress in recent-years lattice QCD calculations. As the resonance is broad, special attention to finite-volume effects has to be paid, because no sharp resonance signal as from avoided level crossing can be expected. In the present article, we investigate the finite volume effects in the framework of unitarized chiral perturbation theory using next-to-leading order terms. Read More

The charged and neutral pion photoproduction reactions are investigated in a dynamical coupled-channels approach based on the formulation of Haberzettl, Huang, and Nakayama [Phys. Rev. C 83, 065502 (2011)]. Read More

The photoproduction of pion off nucleon is investigated within a dynamical coupled-channels approach based on the Juelich pi-N model, which has been quite successful in the description of pi-N to pi-N scattering for center-of-mass energies up to 1.9 GeV. The full pion photoproduction amplitude is constructed to satisfy the generalized Ward-Takahashi identity and hence, it is fully gauge invariant. Read More

We analyse the impact of the recent measurement of kaonic hydrogen X rays by the SIDDHARTA collaboration on the allowed ranges for the kaon-deuteron scattering length in the framework of non-relativistic effective field theory. Based on data from KN scattering only, we predict the kaon-deuteron scattering length A_Kd= (-1.46 + i 1. Read More

We develop a scheme for the extraction of the properties of the scalar mesons $f_0(600)$, $f_0(980)$, and $a_0(980)$ from lattice QCD data. This scheme is based on a two-channel chiral unitary approach with fully relativistic propagators in a finite volume. In order to discuss the feasibility of finding the mass and width of the scalar resonances, we analyze synthetic lattice data with a fixed error assigned, and show that the framework can be indeed used for an accurate determination of resonance pole positions in the multi-channel scattering. Read More

Dynamical coupled-channel approaches are a widely used tool in hadronic physics that allow to analyze different reactions and partial waves in a consistent way. In such approaches the basic interactions are derived within an effective Lagrangian framework and the resulting pseudo-potentials are then unitarized in a coupled-channel scattering equation. We propose a scheme that allows for a solution of the arising integral equation in discretized momentum space for periodic as well as twisted boundary conditions. Read More

We develop a scheme for the extraction of the properties of the scalar mesons f0(600), f0(980), and a0(980) from lattice QCD data. This scheme is based on a two-channel chiral unitary approach with fully relativistic propagators in a finite volume. In order to discuss the feasibility of finding the mass and width of the scalar resonances, we analyze synthetic lattice data with a fixed error assigned, and show that the framework can be indeed used for an accurate determination of resonance pole positions in the multi-channel scattering. Read More

A central issue in hadron spectroscopy is to deduce --- and interpret --- resonance parameters, namely pole positions and residues, from experimental data, for those are the quantities to be compared to lattice QCD or model calculations. However, not every structure in the observables derives from a resonance pole: the origin might as well be branch points, either located on the real axis (when a new channel comprised of stable particles opens) or in the complex plane (when at least one of the intermediate particles is unstable). In this paper we demonstrate first the existence of such branch points in the complex plane and then show on the example of the piN P11 partial wave that it is not possible to distinguish the structures induced by the latter from a true pole signal based on elastic data alone. Read More

The recently discovered enhancement of eta photoproduction on the quasi-free neutron at energies around s^1/2 ~ 1.67 GeV is addressed within an SU(3) coupled channels model. The K Sigma threshold plays a significant role and the quasi-free cross sections on proton and neutron, sigma_n and sigma_p, can be quantitatively explained. Read More

Pion photoproduction reactions are investigated in a dynamical coupled-channel approach based on the Juelich pi-N model, which presently includes the hadronic pi-N and eta-N stable channels as well as the pi-Delta, sigma-N and rho-N effective channels. This model has been quite successful in the description of pi-N to pi-N scattering for center-of-mass energies up to 1.9 GeV. Read More

This is the contribution to the proceedings of the MENU 2010 conference. The recent work of Ref. [7] is summarized. Read More

Elastic pi N scattering and the reaction pi+ p --> K+ Sigma+ are described simultaneously in a unitary coupled-channels approach which respects analyticity. SU(3) flavor symmetry is used to relate the t- and u-channel exchanges that drive the meson-baryon interaction in the different channels. Angular distributions, polarizations, and spin-rotation parameters are compared with available experimental data. Read More

We evaluate the polarization observables I^S and I^C for the reaction gamma p --> pi^0 eta p, using a chiral unitary framework developed earlier. The I^S and I^C observables have been recently measured for the first time by the CBELSA/TAPS collaboration. The theoretical predictions of I^S and I^C, given for altogether 18 angle dependent functions, are in good agreement with the measurements. Read More

We determine the helicity amplitudes A_1/2 and radiative decay widths in the transition Lambda(1670) to gamma Y (Y=Lambda or Sigma^0). The Lambda(1670) is treated as a dynamically generated resonance in meson-baryon chiral dynamics. We obtain the radiative decay widths of the Lambda(1670) to gamma Lambda as 3 \pm 2 keV and to gamma Sigma^0 as 120 \pm 50 keV. Read More

The recently discovered enhancement of eta photoproduction on the quasi-free neutron at energies around sqrt(s)~1.67 GeV is addressed within a SU(3) coupled channel model. The quasi-free cross sections on proton and neutron, sigma_n and sigma_p, can be quantitatively explained. Read More

The nature of some baryonic resonances is still an unresolved issue. The case of the N*(1535) is particularly interesting in this respect due to the nearby etaN threshold and interference with the N*(1650). The N*(1535) has been described as a threshold effect, as a genuine 3-quark resonance, or as dynamically generated from the interaction of the octet of baryons with the octet of mesons. Read More

The analytic properties of scattering amplitudes provide important information. Besides the cuts, the poles and zeros on the different Riemann sheets determine the global behavior of the amplitude on the physical axis. Pole positions and residues allow for a parameterization of resonances in a well-defined way, free of assumptions for the background and energy dependence of the resonance part. Read More

The separation of background and resonance contributions in pion-nucleon scattering is an often discussed issue. We investigate to what extent the background can be separated from the pole contribution. For illustration we use results from an analytic model for the meson-baryon interaction derived from meson exchange. Read More

In this talk I review recent advances on the structure of the meson and baryon resonances which can be dynamically generated from the interaction of mesons or mesons and baryons. Particular emphasis is put on results involving vector mesons, which bring new light into the nature of some of the observed higher mass mesons and baryons and make predictions for new states. Read More

We study the $J/\psi\to \bar{p}\eta p$ and $J/\psi\to \bar{p}K^+\Lambda$ reactions with a unitary chiral approach. We find that the unitary chiral approach, which generates the $N^*(1535)$ dynamically, can describe the data reasonably well, particularly the ratio of the integrated cross sections. This study provides further support for the unitary chiral description of the $N^*(1535)$. Read More

We study the pi N --> phi N reaction close to the phi N threshold within the chiral unitary approach, by combining the pi^- p --> K^+ Sigma^-, pi^- p --> K^0 Sigma^0 and pi^- p --> K^0 Lambda amplitudes with the coupling of the phi to the K components of the final states of these reactions via quantum loops. We obtain a good agreement with experiment when the dominant pi^- p --> K^0 Lambda amplitude is constrained with its experimental cross section. We also evaluate the coupling of the N*(1535) to phi N and find a moderate coupling as a consequence of partial cancellation of the large KY components of the N*(1535). Read More

In these lectures I will show some results obtained with the chiral unitary approach applied to the photo and electroproduction of mesons. The results for photoproduction of $\eta \pi^0 p$ and $K^0 \pi^0 \Sigma^+$, together with related reactions will be shown, having with common denominator the excitation of the $\Delta(1700)$ resonance which is one of those dynamically generated in the chiral unitary approach. Then I will show results obtained for the $e^+ e^- \to \phi f_0(980)$ reaction which reproduce the bulk of the data except for a pronounced peak, giving support to a new mesonic resonance, X(2175). Read More

We present here some results supporting the nature of the $\Lambda(1405)$ resonance as dynamically generated from the meson baryon interaction in coupled channels and resulting from the superposition of two close-by poles. We find support for this picture in the $K^- p \to \pi^0 \pi^0 \Sigma^0 $ reaction, which shows a different shape than the one obtained from the $\pi ^- p \to K^0 \pi \Sigma $ reaction. We also call the attention to the $K^- p \to \gamma \pi \Sigma$ with $\pi \Sigma$ in the $\Lambda(1405)$ region, which shows a narrow peak in the calculations around 1420 MeV. Read More

We calculate the s-wave part of the pion-nucleus optical potential using a unitarized chiral approach that has been previously used to simultaneously describe pionic hydrogen and deuterium data as well as low energy pi N scattering in the vacuum. This energy dependent model allows for additional isoscalar parts in the potential from multiple rescattering. We consider Pauli blocking and pion polarization in an asymmetric nuclear matter environment. Read More

We evaluate theoretically the radiative decay widths into $\gamma\Lambda$ and $\gamma\Sigma^0$ of the two poles of the $\Lambda(1405)$ found in chiral unitary theories and we find quite different results for each of the two poles. We show that, depending on which reaction is used to measure the $\Lambda(1405)$ radiative decays, one gives more weight to one or the other pole, resulting in quite different shapes in the $\gamma\Lambda(\Sigma^0)$ invariant mass distributions. Our results for the high-energy pole agree with those of the empirical determination of the $\gamma\Lambda$ and $\gamma\Sigma^0$ radiative widths (based on an isobar model fitting of the $K^-p$ atom data), which are sometimes referred to as ``experimental data''. Read More

In this talk I present recent developments in the field of hadronic physics and hadrons in the nuclear medium. I review the unitary chiral approach to meson baryon interaction and address the topics of the two dynamically generated $\Lambda(1405)$ resonances, with experiments testing it, the $\Lambda(1520)$ and $\Delta(1700)$ resonances, plus the $\Lambda(1520)$, $\Sigma(1385)$ and $\omega$ in the nuclear medium. Read More

We analyze the screening of static diquark sources in 2-flavor QCD and compare results with the screening of static quark-antiquark pairs. We show that a two quark system in a fixed color representations is screened at short distances like a single quark source in the same color representation whereas at large distances the two quarks are screened independently. At high temperatures we observe that the relative strength of the interaction in diquark and quark-antiquark systems, respectively, obeys Casimir scaling. Read More