M. Ding - Department of Physics and Astronomy, and Institute of Natural Sciences, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Shanghai, China

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M. Ding
Department of Physics and Astronomy, and Institute of Natural Sciences, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Shanghai, China

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Solar and Stellar Astrophysics (17)
Computer Science - Networking and Internet Architecture (15)
Computer Science - Information Theory (14)
Mathematics - Information Theory (14)
Nuclear Experiment (5)
Nuclear Theory (4)
High Energy Physics - Phenomenology (4)
High Energy Physics - Lattice (3)
Physics - Space Physics (3)
Physics - Statistical Mechanics (2)
Physics - Soft Condensed Matter (2)
Physics - Superconductivity (2)
High Energy Physics - Experiment (2)
Physics - Materials Science (2)
High Energy Astrophysical Phenomena (2)
Mathematics - Rings and Algebras (1)
Mathematics - Quantum Algebra (1)
Physics - Plasma Physics (1)
Physics - Instrumentation and Detectors (1)
Earth and Planetary Astrophysics (1)
Mathematics - Representation Theory (1)

Publications Authored By M. Ding

Coronal mass ejections (CMEs) and solar flares are the large-scale and most energetic eruptive phenomena in our solar system and able to release a large quantity of plasma and magnetic flux from the solar atmosphere into the solar wind. When these high-speed magnetized plasmas along with the energetic particles arrive at the Earth, they may interact with the magnetosphere and ionosphere, and seriously affect the safety of human high-tech activities in outer space. The travel time of a CME to 1 AU is about 1-3 days, while energetic particles from the eruptions arrive even earlier. Read More

A new Short-Orbit Spectrometer (SOS) has been constructed and installed within the experimental facility of the A1 collaboration at Mainz Microtron (MAMI), with the goal to detect low-energy pions. It is equipped with a Browne-Buechner magnet and a detector system consisting of two helium-ethane based drift chambers and a scintillator telescope made of five layers. The detector system allows detection of pions in the momentum range of 50 - 147 MeV/c, which corresponds to 8. Read More

In this paper, we present a new and significant theoretical discovery. If the absolute height difference between base station (BS) antenna and user equipment (UE) antenna is larger than zero, then the network performance in terms of both the coverage probability and the area spectral efficiency (ASE) will continuously decrease toward zero as the BS density increases for ultra-dense (UD) small cell networks (SCNs). Such findings are completely different from the conclusions in existing works, both quantitatively and qualitatively. Read More

This paper studies the impact of the base station (BS) idle mode capability (IMC) on the network performance of multi-tier and dense heterogeneous cellular networks (HCNs). Different from most existing works that investigated network scenarios with an infinite number of user equipments (UEs), we consider a more practical setup with a finite number of UEs in our analysis. More specifically, we derive the probability of which BS tier a typical UE should associate to and the expression of the activated BS density in each tier. Read More

In this paper, using the stochastic geometry theory, we present a framework for analyzing the performance of device-to-device (D2D) communications underlaid uplink (UL) cellular networks. In our analysis, we consider a D2D mode selection criterion based on an energy threshold for each user equipment (UE). Specifically, a UE will operate in a cellular mode, if its received signal strength from the strongest base station (BS) is large than a threshold \beta. Read More

Nowadays, the demand for wireless mobile services is copious, and will continue increasing in the near future. Mobile cellular operators are therefore looking at the unlicensed spectrum as an economical supplement to augment the capacity of their soon-to-be overloaded networks. The same unlicensed bands are luring internet service providers, venue owners, and authorities into autonomously setting up and managing their high-performance private networks. Read More

With recent advancements in drone technology, researchers are now considering the possibility of deploying small cells served by base stations mounted on flying drones. A major advantage of such drone small cells is that the operators can quickly provide cellular services in areas of urgent demand without having to pre-install any infrastructure. Since the base station is attached to the drone, technically it is feasible for the base station to dynamic reposition itself in response to the changing locations of users for reducing the communication distance, decreasing the probability of signal blocking, and ultimately increasing the spectral efficiency. Read More

We discover a new capacity scaling law in ultra-dense networks (UDNs) under practical system assumptions, such as a general multi-piece path loss model, a non-zero base station (BS) to user equipment (UE) antenna height difference, and a finite UE density. The intuition and implication of this new capacity scaling law are completely different from that found in year 2011. That law indicated that the increase of the interference power caused by a denser network would be exactly compensated by the increase of the signal power due to the reduced distance between transmitters and receivers, and thus network capacity should grow linearly with network densification. Read More

Ellerman bombs (EBs) are a kind of solar activities that is suggested to occur in the lower atmosphere. Recent observations using the Interface Region Imaging Spectrograph (IRIS) show connections of EBs and IRIS bombs (IBs), implying that EBs might be heated to a much higher temperature ($8\times10^{4}$ K) than previous results. Here we perform a spectral analysis of the EBs simultaneously observed by the Fast Imaging Solar Spectrograph (FISS) and IRIS. Read More

In this paper, we propose a unified framework to analyze the performance of dense small cell networks (SCNs) in terms of the coverage probability and the area spectral efficiency (ASE). In our analysis, we consider a practical path loss model that accounts for both non-line-of-sight (NLOS) and line-of-sight (LOS) transmissions. Furthermore, we adopt a generalized fading model, in which Rayleigh fading, Rician fading and Nakagami-m fading can be treated in a unified framework. Read More

Failed filament eruptions are solar eruptions that are not associated with coronal mass ejections. In a failed filament eruption, the filament materials usually show some ascending and falling motions as well as generate bright EUV emissions. Here we report a failed filament eruption that occurred in a quiet-Sun region observed by the Atmospheric Imaging Assembly on board the Solar Dynamics Observatory. Read More

Ellerman bombs (EBs) are small brightening events in the solar lower atmosphere. By original definition, the main EB's characteristic is the two emission bumps in both wings of chromospheric lines, such as H$\alpha$ and Ca II 8542 {\AA} lines. Up to now, most authors found that the temperature increase of EBs around the temperature minimum region is in the range of 600K-3000K. Read More

In this paper, we conduct performance evaluation for Ultra-Dense Networks (UDNs), and identify which modelling factors play major roles and minor roles. From our study, we draw the following conclusions. First, there are 3 factors/models that have a major impact on the performance of UDNs, and they should be considered when performing theoretical analyses: i) a multi-piece path loss model with line-of-sight (LoS) and non-lineof- sight (NLoS) transmissions; ii) a non-zero antenna height difference between base stations (BSs) and user equipments (UEs); iii) a finite BS/UE density. Read More

Thanks to the recent advancements in drone technology, it has become viable and cost-effective to quickly deploy small cells in areas of urgent needs by using a drone as a cellular base station. In this paper, we explore the benefit of dynamically repositioning the drone base station in the air to reduce the distance between the BS and the mobile user equipment, thereby improving the spectral efficiency of the small cell. In particular, we propose algorithms to autonomously control the repositioning of the drone in response to users activities and movements. Read More

Considering both non-line-of-sight (NLOS) and line-of-sight (LOS) transmissions, the transitional behaviors from noise-limited regime to dense interference-limited regime have been elaborated for the fifth generation (5G) small cell networks (SCNs). Besides, we identify four performance regimes based on base station (BS) density, i.e. Read More

Solar flares are one of the most energetic events in the solar atmosphere. It is widely accepted that flares are powered by magnetic reconnection in the corona. An eruptive flare is usually accompanied by a coronal mass ejection, both of which are probably driven by the eruption of a magnetic flux rope (MFR). Read More

The two photon transition of $\bar{c}c$ quarkonia are studied within a covariant approach based on the consistent truncation scheme of the quantum chromodynamics Dyson-Schwinger equation for the quark propagator and the Bethe--Salpeter equation for the mesons. We find the decay widths of $\eta_{c}^{} \to \gamma\gamma$ and $\chi_{c0,2}^{} \to \gamma\gamma$ in good agreement with experimental data. The obtained transition form factor of $\eta_{c}^{} \to \gamma\gamma^{\ast}$ for a wide range of space-like photon momentum transfer squared is also in agreement with the experimental findings of the BABAR experiment. Read More

Small cell networks (SCNs) are envisioned to embrace dynamic time division duplexing (TDD) in order to tailor downlink (DL)/uplink (UL) subframe resources to quick variations and burstiness of DL/UL traffic. The study of dynamic TDD is particularly important because it serves as the predecessor of the full duplex transmission technology, which has been identified as one of the candidate technologies for the 5th-generation (5G) networks. Up to now, the existing works on dynamic TDD have shown that the UL of dynamic TDD suffers from severe performance degradation due to the strong DL-to-UL interference in the physical (PHY) layer. Read More

In this paper, we present a new and significant theoretical discovery. If the absolute height difference between base station (BS) antenna and user equipment (UE) antenna is larger than zero, then the network capacity performance in terms of the area spectral efficiency (ASE) will continuously decrease as the BS density increases for ultra-dense (UD) small cell networks (SCNs). This performance behavior has a tremendous impact on the deployment of UD SCNs in the 5th-generation (5G) era. Read More

We define a quantum analogue of a class of generalized cluster algebras which can be viewed as a generalization of quantum cluster algebras defined in \cite{berzel}. In the case of rank two, we extend some structural results from the classical theory of generalized cluster algebras obtained in \cite{CS}\cite{rupel} to the quantum case. Read More

In this paper, we analyse the performance of dense small cell network (SCNs). We derive analytical expressions for both their coverage probability and their area spectral efficiency (ASE) using a path loss model that considers both line-of-sight (LOS) and non-LOS (NLOS) components. Due to the close proximity of small cell base stations (BSs) and user equipments (UEs) in such dense SCNs, we also consider Rician fading as the multi-path fading channel model for both the LOS and NLOS fading transmissions. Read More

The $\gamma \gamma^\ast \to \eta_{c,b}$ transition form factors are computed using a continuum approach to the two valence-body bound-state problem in relativistic quantum field theory, and thereby unified with equivalent calculations of electromagnetic pion elastic and transition form factors. The resulting $\gamma \gamma^\ast \to \eta_c$ form factor, $G_{\eta_c}(Q^2)$, is consistent with available data: significantly, at accessible momentum transfers, $Q^2 G_{\eta_c}(Q^2)$ lies well below its conformal limit. These observations confirm that the leading-twist parton distribution amplitudes (PDAs) of heavy-heavy bound-states are compressed relative to the conformal limit. Read More

Very recent studies showed that in a fully loaded dense small cell network (SCN), the coverage probability performance will continuously decrease with the network densification. Such new results were captured in IEEE ComSoc Technology News with an alarming title of "Will Densification Be the Death of 5G?". In this paper, we revisit this issue from more practical views of realistic network deployment, such as a finite number of active base stations (BSs) and user equipments (UEs), a decreasing BS transmission power with the network densification, etc. Read More

In this paper, we analyse the coverage probability and the area spectral efficiency (ASE) for the uplink (UL) of dense small cell networks (SCNs) considering a practical path loss model incorporating both line-of-sight (LoS) and non-line-of-sight (NLoS) transmissions. Compared with the existing work, we adopt the following novel approaches in our study: (i) we assume a practical user association strategy (UAS) based on the smallest path loss, or equivalently the strongest received signal strength; (ii) we model the positions of both base stations (BSs) and the user equipments (UEs) as two independent Homogeneous Poisson point processes (HPPPs); and (iii) the correlation of BSs' and UEs' positions is considered, thus making our analytical results more accurate. The performance impact of LoS and NLoS transmissions on the ASE for the UL of dense SCNs is shown to be significant, both quantitatively and qualitatively, compared with existing work that does not differentiate LoS and NLoS transmissions. Read More

Magnetic null has long been recognized as a special structure serving as a preferential site for magnetic reconnection (MR). However, the direct observational study of MR at null-points is largely lacking. Here, we show the observations of MR around a magnetic null associated with an eruption that resulted in an M1. Read More

It is believed that type II radio bursts are generated by shock waves. In order to understand the generation conditions of type II radio bursts, in this paper, we analyze the physical parameters of a shock front. The type II radio burst we selected was observed by Siberian Solar Radio Telescope (SSRT) and Learmonth radio station and was associated with a limb CME occurring on 2014 January 8 observed by the Atmospheric Imaging Assembly (AIA) on board the Solar Dynamics Observatory (SDO). Read More

In this paper, we study the impact of the base station (BS) idle mode capability (IMC) on the network performance in dense small cell networks (SCNs). Different from existing works, we consider a sophisticated path loss model incorporating both line-of-sight (LoS) and non-line-of-sight (NLoS) transmissions. Analytical results are obtained for the coverage probability and the area spectral efficiency (ASE) performance for SCNs with IMCs at the BSs. Read More

A symmetry-preserving truncation of the two-body light-quark bound-state problem in relativistic quantum field theory is used to calculate the leading-twist parton distribution amplitudes (PDAs) of scalar systems, both ground-state and radial excitations, and the radial excitations of vector mesons. Owing to the fact that the scale-independent leptonic decay constant of a scalar meson constituted from equal-mass valence-constituents vanishes, it is found that the PDA of a given scalar system possesses one more zero than that of an analogous vector meson. Consequently, whereas the mean light-front relative momentum of the valence-constituents within a vector meson is zero, that within a scalar meson is large, an outcome which hints at a greater role for light-front angular momentum in systems classified as $P$-wave in quantum mechanical models. Read More

3GPP LWIP Release 13 technology and its prestandard version Wi-Fi Boost have recently emerged as an efficient LTE and Wi-Fi integration at the IP layer, allowing uplink on LTE and downlink on Wi-Fi. This solves all the contention problems of Wi-Fi and allows an optimum usage of the unlicensed band for downlink. In this paper, we present a new feature of Wi-Fi Boost, its radio link management, which allows to steer the downlink traffic between both LTE and Wi-Fi upon congestion detection in an intelligent manner. Read More

The cross section of the $p(e,e'\pi^+)n$ reaction has been measured for five kinematic settings at an invariant mass of $W = 1094$ MeV and for a four-momentum transfer of $Q^2 = 0.078$ (GeV/$c$)$^2$. The measurement has been performed at MAMI using a new short-orbit spectrometer (SOS) of the A1 collaboration, intended for detection of low-energy pions. Read More

We investigate the footpoints of four erupted magnetic flux ropes (MFRs) that appear as sigmoidal hot channels prior to the eruptions in the Atmospheric Imaging Assembly high temperaure passbands. The simultaneous Helioseismic and Magnetic Imager observations disclose that one footpoint of the MFRs originates in the penumbra or penumbra edge with a stronger magnetic field, while the other in the moss region with a weaker magnetic field. The significant deviation of the axis of the MFRs from the main polarity inversion lines and associated filaments suggests that the MFRs have ascended to a high altitude, thus being distinguishable from the source sigmoidal ARs. Read More

We report evolution of an atypical X-shaped flare ribbon which provides novel observational evidence of three-dimensional (3D) magnetic reconnection at a separator. The flare occurred on 2014 November 9. High-resolution slit-jaw 1330 A images from the Interface Region Imaging Spectrograph reveal four chromospheric flare ribbons that converge and form an X-shape. Read More

In this paper, we study the formation and early evolution of a limb coronal mass ejection (CME) and its associated shock wave that occurred on 2014 January 8. The extreme ultraviolet (EUV) images provided by the Atmospheric Imaging Assembly (AIA) on board \textit{Solar Dynamics Observatory} disclose that the CME first appears as a bubble-like structure. Subsequently, its expansion forms the CME and causes a quasi-circular EUV wave. Read More

In this Letter, we present Interface Region Imaging Spectrograph Fe XXI 1354.08 A forbidden line emission of two magnetic flux ropes (MFRs) that caused two fast coronal mass ejections with velocities of $\ge$1000 km s$^{-1}$ and strong flares (X1.6 and M6. Read More

Magnetic flux rope (MFR) plays an important role in solar activities. A quantitative assessment of the topology of an MFR and its evolution is crucial for a better understanding of the relationship between the MFR and the associated activities. In this paper, we investigate the magnetic field of active region 12017 from 2014 March 28 to 29, where 12 flares were triggered by the intermittent eruptions of a filament (either successful or confined). Read More

We propose that the contrasting low-temperature behaviors observed experimentally among isostructural and isoelectronic materials, like non-superconducting and nonmagnetic MgFeGe, magnetically ordered NaFeAs, and superconducting LiFeAs, can be well understood from itinerant weak coupling limit. We find that stronger $(\pi,\pi)$ instability appearing in the d$_{x^2-y^2}$ orbital of NaFeAs is responsible for the occurrence of weak magnetism while weaker but still prominent $(\pi,\pi)$ instability in LiFeAs leads to a superconducting state. In contrast, multiple competing instabilities coexisting in orbital-resolved momentum-dependent susceptibilities, serving as magnetic frustrations from itinerant electrons, may account for the nonmagnetic state in MgFeGe, while poorer Fermi surface nesting leads to a non-superconducting state. Read More

By applying density functional theory calculations to iron chalcogenides, we find that magnetic order in Fe$_{1+y}$Te and magnetic instability at $(\pi,\pi)$ in K$_y$Fe$_2$Se$_2$ are controlled by interstitial and interlayer cations, respectively. While in Fe$_{1+y}$Te, magnetic phase transitions occur among collinear, exotic bicollinear and plaquette-ordered antiferronmagnetic states when the height of interstitial irons measured from iron plane or the concentration of interstitial irons is varied, the magnetic instability at $(\pi,\pi)$ which is believed to be responsible for the Cooper pairing in iron pnictides is significantly enhanced when $y$ is much smaller than $1$ in K$_y$Fe$_2$Se$_2$. Our results indicate that, similar to iron pnictides, itinerant electrons play important roles in iron chalcogenides, even though the fluctuating local moments become larger. Read More

It has been proved in \cite{LS} that cluster variables in cluster algebras of every skew-symmetric cluster algebra are positive. We prove that any regular generalized cluster variable of an affine quiver is positive. As a corollary, we obtain that generalized cluster variables of affine quivers are positive and construct various positive bases. Read More

Magnetic reconnection is a rapid energy release process that is believed to be responsible for flares on the Sun and stars. Nevertheless, such flare-related reconnection is mostly detected to occur in the corona, while there have been few studies concerning the reconnection in the chromosphere or photosphere. Here we present both spectroscopic and imaging observations of magnetic reconnection in the chromosphere leading to a microflare. Read More

Affiliations: 1Institute of Natural Sciences, and Department of Physics and Astronomy, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Shanghai, 200240 China, 2Institute of Natural Sciences, and Department of Physics and Astronomy, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Shanghai, 200240 China, 3Institute of Natural Sciences, and Department of Physics and Astronomy, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Shanghai, 200240 China

In this work, we explore the statistical physics of colloidal particles that interact with electrolytes via ion-specific interactions. Firstly we study particles interact weakly with electrolyte using linear response theory. We find that the mean potential around a particle is linearly determined by the {\em effective charge distribution} of the particle, which depends both on the bare charge distribution and on ion-specific interactions. Read More

Affiliations: 1Department of Physics and Astronomy, and Institute of Natural Sciences, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Shanghai, China, 2Department of Physics and Astronomy, and Institute of Natural Sciences, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Shanghai, China, 3Department of Physics and Astronomy, and Institute of Natural Sciences, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Shanghai, China

The self-consistent field theory (SCFT) is used to study the mean potential near a charged plate inside a $m:-n$ electrolyte. A perturbation series is developed in terms of $g = 4 \pi b/\ell_{\rm {\scriptscriptstyle DB}}$, where $b, \ell_{\rm{\scriptscriptstyle DB}}$ are Bjerrum length and {\em bare} Debye length respectively. To the zeroth order, we obtain nonlinear Poisson-Boltzmann theory. Read More

Solar flares are sudden flashes of brightness on the Sun and are often associated with coronal mass ejections and solar energetic particles which have adverse effects in the near Earth environment. By definition, flares are usually referred to bright features resulting from excess emission. Using the newly commissioned 1. Read More

In this paper, we propose a new approach of network performance analysis, which is based on our previous works on the deterministic network analysis using the Gaussian approximation (DNA-GA). First, we extend our previous works to a signal-to-interference ratio (SIR) analysis, which makes our DNA-GA analysis a formal microscopic analysis tool. Second, we show two approaches for upgrading the DNA-GA analysis to a macroscopic analysis tool. Read More

The leading-twist parton distribution amplitudes (PDAs) of ground-state $^1S_0$ and $^3S_1$ $c\bar c$- and $b\bar b$-quarkonia are calculated using a symmetry-preserving continuum treatment of the meson bound-state problem which unifies the properties of these heavy-quark systems with those of light-quark bound-states, including QCD's Goldstone modes. Analysing the evolution of $^1S_0$ and $^3S_1$ PDAs with current-quark mass, $\hat m_q$, increasing away from the chiral limit, it is found that in all cases there is a value of $\hat m_q$ for which the PDA matches the asymptotic form appropriate to QCD's conformal limit and hence is insensitive to changes in renormalisation scale, $\zeta$. This mass lies just above that associated with the $s$-quark. Read More

Methylammonium lead iodide perovskite has attracted intensive interest for its diverse optoelectronic applications. However, most studies to date have been limited to bulk thin films that are difficult to implement for integrated device arrays because of their incompatibility with typical lithography processes. We report the first patterned growth of regular arrays of perovskite microplate crystals for functional electronics and optoelectronics. Read More

Observations show that there is a proton spectral "break" with E$_{break}$ at 1-10MeV in some large CME-driven shocks. Theoretical model usually attribute this phenomenon to a diffusive shock acceleration. However, the underlying physics of the shock acceleration still remains uncertain. Read More

Observations from multiple spacecraft show that there are energy spectral "breaks" at 1-10MeV in some large CME-driven shocks. However, numerical models can hardly simulate this property due to high computational expense. The present paper focuses on analyzing these energy spectral "breaks" by Monte Carlo particle simulations of an isolated CME-driven shock. Read More

Chromospheric evaporation refers to dynamic mass motions in flare loops as a result of rapid energy deposition in the chromosphere. These have been observed as blueshifts in X-ray and extreme-ultraviolet (EUV) spectral lines corresponding to upward motions at a few tens to a few hundreds of km/s. Past spectroscopic observations have also revealed a dominant stationary component, in addition to the blueshifted component, in emission lines formed at high temperatures (~10 MK). Read More

In this paper, we analytically derive an upper bound on the error in approximating the uplink (UL) single-cell interference by a lognormal distribution in frequency division multiple access (FDMA) small cell networks (SCNs). Such an upper bound is measured by the Kolmogorov Smirnov (KS) distance between the actual cumulative density function (CDF) and the approximate CDF. The lognormal approximation is important because it allows tractable network performance analysis. Read More