# Liang Yu - CAS, Tsinghua Univ.

## Contact Details

NameLiang Yu |
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AffiliationCAS, Tsinghua Univ. |
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Location |
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## Pubs By Year |
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## External Links |
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## Pub CategoriesNuclear Theory (15) Earth and Planetary Astrophysics (9) High Energy Physics - Phenomenology (9) Mathematical Physics (6) Mathematics - Mathematical Physics (6) High Energy Astrophysical Phenomena (5) Quantum Physics (4) Solar and Stellar Astrophysics (4) Cosmology and Nongalactic Astrophysics (3) Physics - Classical Physics (2) Mathematics - Logic (2) Physics - Mesoscopic Systems and Quantum Hall Effect (2) Computer Science - Distributed; Parallel; and Cluster Computing (2) Mathematics - Quantum Algebra (1) Computer Science - Discrete Mathematics (1) Physics - Statistical Mechanics (1) Physics - Data Analysis; Statistics and Probability (1) Nuclear Experiment (1) Physics - Physics and Society (1) |

## Publications Authored By Liang Yu

**Authors:**Metin Ata, Falk Baumgarten, Julian Bautista, Florian Beutler, Dmitry Bizyaev, Michael R. Blanton, Jonathan A. Blazek, Adam S. Bolton, Jonathan Brinkmann, Joel R. Brownstein, Etienne Burtin, Chia-Hsun Chuang, Johan Comparat, Kyle S. Dawson, Axel de la Macorra, Wei Du, Helion du Mas des Bourboux, Daniel J. Eisenstein, Hector Gil-Marin, Katie Grabowski, Julien Guy, Nick Hand, Shirley Ho, Timothy A. Hutchinson, Mikhail M. Ivanov, Francisco-Shu Kitaura, Jean-Paul Kneib, Pierre Laurent, Jean-Marc Le Goff, Joseph E. McEwen, Eva-Maria Mueller, Adam D. Myers, Jeffrey A. Newman, Nathalie Palanque-Delabrouille, Kaike Pan, Isabelle Paris, Marcos Pellejero-Ibanez, Will J. Percival, Patrick Petitjean, Francisco Prada, Abhishek Prakash, Sergio A. Rodriguez-Torres, Ashley J. Ross, Graziano Rossi, Rossana Ruggeri, Ariel G. Sanchez, Siddharth Satpathy, David J. Schlegel, Donald P. Schneider, Hee-Jong Seo, Anze Slosar, Alina Streblyanska, Jeremy L. Tinker, Rita Tojeiro, Mariana Vargas Magana, M. Vivek, Yuting Wang, Christophe Yeche, Liang Yu, Pauline Zarrouk, Cheng Zhao, Gong-Bo Zhao, Fangzhou Zhu

**Category:**Cosmology and Nongalactic Astrophysics

We present measurements of the Baryon Acoustic Oscillation (BAO) scale in redshift-space using the clustering of quasars. We consider a sample of 147,000 quasars from the extended Baryon Oscillation Spectroscopic Survey (eBOSS) distributed over 2044 square degrees with redshifts $0.8 < z < 2. Read More

We present new transit and occultation times for the hot Jupiter WASP-12b. The data are compatible with a constant period derivative: $\dot{P}=-29 \pm 3$ ms yr$^{-1}$ and $P/\dot{P}= 3.2$ Myr. Read More

Puppis A is a very famous and extensively studied supernova remnant (SNR) that shows strong evidence of shock-cloud interaction. We re-analyze the GeV $\gamma$-ray emission of it using seven years Pass 8 data recorded by the Fermi Large Area Telescope (Fermi-LAT). The morphology of the $\gamma$-ray emission is more compatible with that of the thermal X-ray and IR emissions than the radio image, which suggests a possible correlation between the gamma-ray emitting region and dense clouds. Read More

As a complement to cloud computing, fog computing can offer many benefits in terms of avoiding the long wide-area network (WAN) propagation delay and relieving the network bandwidth burden by providing local services to nearby end users, resulting in a reduced revenue loss associated with the WAN propagation delay and network bandwidth cost for a cloud provider. However, serving the requests of end-users would lead to additional energy costs for fog devices, thus the could provider must compensate fog devices for their losses. In this paper, we investigate the problem of minimizing the total cost of a cloud provider without sacrificing the interests of fog devices. Read More

**Authors:**Norio Narita, Teruyuki Hirano, Akihiko Fukui, Yasunori Hori, Fei Dai, Liang Yu, John Livingston, Tsuguru Ryu, Grzegorz Nowak, Masayuki Kuzuhara, Yoichi Takeda, Simon Albrecht, Tomoyuki Kudo, Nobuhiko Kusakabe, Enric Palle, Ignasi Ribas, Motohide Tamura, Vincent Van Eylen, Joshua N. Winn

**Category:**Earth and Planetary Astrophysics

We report on the confirmation that the candidate transits observed for the star EPIC 211525389 are due to a short-period Neptune-sized planet. The host star, located in K2 campaign field 5, is a metal-rich ([Fe/H] = 0.26$\pm$0. Read More

**Authors:**Grzegorz Nowak, Enric Palle, Davide Gandolfi, Fei Dai, Antonino F. Lanza, Teruyuki Hirano, Oscar Barragán, Akihiko Fukui, Hans Bruntt, Michael Endl, William D. Cochran, Jorge Prieto-Arranz, Amanda Kiilerich, David Nespral, Artie P. Hatzes, Simon Albrecht, Hans Deeg, Joshua N. Winn, Liang Yu, Masayuki Kuzuhara, Sascha Grziwa, Alexis M. S. Smith, Pier G. Prada Moroni, Eike W. Guenther, Vincent Van Eylen, Szilard Csizmadia, Malcolm Fridlund, Juan Cabrera, Philipp Eigmüller, Anders Erikson, Judith Korth, Norio Narita, Martin Pätzold, Heike Rauer, Ignasi Ribas

We report the discovery of EPIC 219388192 b, a transiting brown dwarf in a 5.3-day orbit around a member star of Ruprecht-147, the oldest nearby open cluster association, which was photometrically monitored by K2 during its Campaign 7. We combine the K2 time-series data with ground-based adaptive optics imaging and high resolution spectroscopy to rule out false positive scenarios and determine the main parameters of the system. Read More

We propose a realization of pure spin currents and perfect valley filter based on a quantum anomalous Hall insulator, around which edge states with up-spin and down-spin circulate. By applying staggered sublattice potential on the strips along the edges of sample, the edge states with down spin can be pushed into the inner boundaries of the strips while the other edge states with up spin remain on the outer boundaries, resulting in spatially separated chiral states with perfect spin polarization. Moreover, a valley filter, which is immune to short-range and smooth long-range scatterers, can be engineered by additionally applying boundary potentials on the outmost lattices of the sample. Read More

We report the detection of a GeV $\gamma$-ray source which is spatially overlapping and thus very likely associated with the unidentified very-high-energy (VHE) $\gamma$-ray source HESS J1427-608 with the Pass 8 data recorded by the Fermi Large Area Telescope. The photon spectrum of this source is best described by a power-law with an index of $1.85\pm0. Read More

The Qatar-2 transiting exoplanet system was recently observed by the {\it Kepler} telescope as part of {\it K2} Campaign 6. The photometric time series has one-minute time sampling and a precision of about 690~ppm, after filtering out artifacts and spurious trends. We identify dozens of starspot-crossing events, when the planet eclipsed a relatively dark region of the stellar photosphere. Read More

Data center operators are typically faced with three significant problems when running their data centers, i.e., rising electricity bills, growing carbon footprints and unexpected power outages. Read More

**Authors:**Vincent Van Eylen, Simon Albrecht, Davide Gandolfi, Fei Dai, Joshua N. Winn, Teriyuki Hirano, Norio Narita, Hans Bruntt, Jorge Prieto-Arranz, Victor J. S. Bejar, Grzegorz Nowak, Mikkel N. Lund, Enric Palle, Ignasi Ribas, Roberto Sanchis-Ojeda, Liang Yu, Pamela Arriagada, R. Paul Butler, Jeffrey D. Crane, Rasmus Handberg, Hans Deeg, Jens Jessen-Hansen, John A. Johnson, David Nespral, Leslie Rogers, Tsuguru Ryu, Stephen Shectman, Tushar Shrotriya, Ditte Slumstrup, Yoichi Takeda, Johanna Teske, Ian Thompson, Andrew Vanderburg, Robert Wittenmyer

We report on the discovery and characterization of the transiting planet K2-39b (EPIC 206247743b). With an orbital period of 4.6 days, it is the shortest-period planet orbiting a subgiant star known to date. Read More

In a recent Letter [S. Ganeshan, E. Barnes, and S. Read More

III Zw 2 is the prototype of radio-intermediate quasars. Although there is the evidence of possessing strong jet, significant $\gamma$-ray emission has not been reported before. In this work, we carry out a detailed analysis of the latest {\it Fermi}-LAT {\it Pass} 8 data. Read More

**Authors:**Fei Dai, Joshua N. Winn, Simon Albrecht, Pamela Arriagada, Allyson Bieryla, R. Paul Butler, Jeffrey D. Crane, Teruyuki Hirano, John Asher Johnson, Amanda Kiilerich, David W. Latham, Norio Narita, Grzegorz Nowak, Enric Palle, Ignasi Ribas, Leslie A. Rogers, Roberto Sanchis-Ojeda, Stephen A. Shectman, Johanna K. Teske, Ian B. Thompson, Vincent Van Eylen, Andrew Vanderburg, Robert A. Wittenmyer, Liang Yu

**Category:**Earth and Planetary Astrophysics

In an effort to measure the masses of planets discovered by the NASA {\it K2} mission, we have conducted precise Doppler observations of five stars with transiting planets. We present the results of a joint analysis of these new data and previously published Doppler data. The first star, an M dwarf known as K2-3 or EPIC~201367065, has three transiting planets ("b", with radius $2. Read More

**Authors:**Teruyuki Hirano, Grzegorz Nowak, Masayuki Kuzuhara, Enric Palle, Fei Dai, Liang Yu, Vincent Van Eylen, Yoichi Takeda, Timothy D. Brandt, Norio Narita, Sergio Velasco, Jorge Prieto Arranz, Roberto Sanchis-Ojeda, Joshua N. Winn, Tomoyuki Kudo, Nobuhiko Kusakabe, Akihiko Fukui, Bun'ei Sato, Simon Albrecht, Ignasi Ribas, Tsuguru Ryu, Motohide Tamura

We report on the detection and early characterization of a hot Jupiter in a 3-day orbit around K2-34 (EPIC~212110888), a metal-rich F-type star located in the K2 Cycle 5 field. Our follow-up campaign involves precise radial velocity (RV) measurements and high-contrast imaging using multiple facilities. The absence of a bright nearby source in our high-contrast data suggests that the transit-like signals are not due to light variations from such a companion star. Read More

**Authors:**Teruyuki Hirano, Akihiko Fukui, Andrew W. Mann, Roberto Sanchis-Ojeda, Eric Gaidos, Norio Narita, Fei Dai, Vincent Van Eylen, Chien-Hsiu Lee, Hiroki Onozato, Tsuguru Ryu, Nobuhiko Kusakabe, Ayaka Ito, Masayuki Kuzuhara, Masahiro Onitsuka, Misako Tatsuuma, Grzegorz Nowak, Enric Pallè, Ignasi Ribas, Motohide Tamura, Liang Yu

We validate a $R_p=2.32\pm 0.24R_\oplus$ planet on a close-in orbit ($P=2. Read More

We employed the PYTHIA 6.4 model and the extended parton and hadron cascade model PACIAE 2.2 to comparatively investigate the DIS normalized specific charged hadron multiplicity in the 27. Read More

**Category:**Quantum Physics

Using Hill's determinant method we show that the set of Judd's solutions is only a subset of all the eigenvalues with the form $E_n=n\omega-g^2/\omega$ in the spectrum of the Rabi model. Therefore Braak's solution of the quantum Rabi model is not complete. Read More

Supernova remnants (SNRs) are the most attractive candidates for the acceleration sites of Galactic cosmic rays. We report the detection of GeV $\gamma$-ray emission with the Pass 8 events recorded by Fermi Large Area Telescope (Fermi-LAT) in the vicinity of the shell type SNR CTB 37B that is likely associated with the TeV $\gamma-$ray source HESS J1713-381. The photon spectrum of CTB 37B is consistent with a power-law with an index of $1. Read More

**Authors:**Liang Yu, Joshua N. Winn, Michaël Gillon, Simon Albrecht, Saul Rappaport, Allyson Bieryla, Fei Dai, Laetitia Delrez, Lynne Hillenbrand, Matthew J. Holman, Andrew W. Howard, Chelsea X. Huang, Howard Isaacson, Emmanuel Jehin, Monika Lendl, Benjamin T. Montet, Philip Muirhead, Roberto Sanchis-Ojeda, Amaury H. M. J. Triaud

**Category:**Earth and Planetary Astrophysics

The T Tauri star PTFO 8-8695 exhibits periodic fading events that have been interpreted as the transits of a giant planet on a precessing orbit. Here we present three tests of the planet hypothesis. First, we sought evidence for the secular changes in light-curve morphology that are predicted to be a consequence of orbital precession. Read More

We systematically analyze the 6-year {\it Fermi}/LAT data of the lobe-dominated quasars (LDQs) in the complete LDQ sample from 3CRR survey and report the discovery of high-energy $\gamma$-ray emission from 3C 275.1. The $\gamma$-ray emission of 3C 207 is confirmed and significant variability of the lightcurve is identified. Read More

The Sunyaev-Zel'dovich effect (SZE) observable-mass (Y-M) scaling relation is a promising technique for obtaining mass estimates for large samples of galaxy clusters and holds a key to studying the nature of dark matter and dark energy. However, cosmological inference based on SZE cluster surveys is limited by our incomplete knowledge of bias, scatter, and evolution in the Y-M relation. In this work, we investigate the effects of galaxy cluster mergers on the scaling relation using the Omega500 high-resolution cosmological hydrodynamic simulation. Read More

The parton and hadron cascade model PACIAE 2.1 (cf. Comput. Read More

Based on the requirement in the simulation of lepton-nucleus deep inelastic scattering (DIS), we construct a fortran program LDCS 1.0 calculating the differential and total cross sections for the unpolarized charged lepton-unpolarized nucleon and neutrino-unpolarized nucleon neutral current (charged current) DIS at leading order. Any set of the experimentally fitted parton distribution functions could be employed directly. Read More

**Category:**Mathematics - Logic

A real $x$ is $\Delta^1_1$-Kurtz random ($\Pi^1_1$-Kurtz random) if it is in no closed null $\Delta^1_1$ set ($\Pi^1_1$ set). We show that there is a cone of $\Pi^1_1$-Kurtz random hyperdegrees. We characterize lowness for $\Delta^1_1$-Kurtz randomness as being $\Delta^1_1$-dominated and $\Delta^1_1$-semi-traceable. Read More

**Category:**Mathematics - Logic

We investigate the reverse mathematics strength of Martin's pointed tree theorem (MPT) and one of its variants, weak Martin's pointed tree theorem (wMPT). Read More

Many modern and growing cities are facing declines in public transport usage, with few efficient methods to explain why. In this article, we show that urban mobility patterns and transport mode choices can be derived from cellphone call detail records coupled with public transport data recorded from smart cards. Specifically, we present new data mining approaches to determine the spatial and temporal variability of public and private transportation usage and transport mode preferences across Singapore. Read More

The use of galaxy clusters as cosmological probes hinges on our ability to measure their masses accurately and with high precision. Hydrostatic mass is one of the most common methods for estimating the masses of individual galaxy clusters, which suffer from biases due to departures from hydrostatic equilibrium. Using a large, mass-limited sample of massive galaxy clusters from a high-resolution hydrodynamical cosmological simulation, in this work we show that in addition to turbulent and bulk gas velocities, acceleration of gas introduces biases in the hydrostatic mass estimate of galaxy clusters. Read More

We employed the new issue of a parton and hadron cascade model PACIAE 2.1 to systematically investigate the charged particle elliptic flow parameter $v_2$ in the relativistic nuclear collisions at RHIC and LHC energies. With randomly sampling the transverse momentum $x$ and $y$ components of the particles generated in string fragmentation on the circumference of an ellipse instead of circle originally, the calculated charged particle $v_2(\eta)$ and $v_2(p_T)$ fairly reproduce the corresponding experimental data in the Au+Au/Pb+Pb collisions at $\sqrt{s_{NN}}$=0. Read More

We show that a kind of displacement induced temporary electric force of a single point charge can be derived by using Maxwell stress analysis. This force comes from the variation of the charge's electric intensities that follow Coulomb's inverse square law, and it is a kind of displacement dependent temporary restoring force. We also show the possible existence of natural self-oscillation of a free electron which is driven by this restoring self-force of its own electric fields. Read More

We calculate the real and non-statistical higher moment excitation functions ($\sqrt{s_{NN}}$ = 11.5 to 200 GeV) for the net-proton, net-baryon, and the net-charge number event distributions in the relativistic Au+Au collisions with the parton and hadron cascade model PACIAE. It turned out that because of the statistical fluctuation dominance it is very hard to see signature of the CP singularity in the real higher moment excitation functions. Read More

In PYTHIA6 (PYTHIA8) once the transverse momentum $p_T$ of a generated particle is randomly sampled, $p_x$ and $p_y$ are set on the circle with radius of $p_T$ randomly. This may largely suppress the development of the final hadronic state transverse momentum anisotropy from the initial state spatial asymmetry. We modify PYTHIA6. Read More

We have used the dynamically constrained phase space coalescence model to investigate the production of light nuclei (anti-nuclei) based on the 1.134$\times 10^7$ hadronic final states generated by the PACIAE model for the 0-5% most central Au+Au collisions at $\sqrt{s_{\rm{NN}}}$=200 GeV with $|y| <$1 and $p_T<$5 acceptances. The STAR data of $\bar{_{\bar\Lambda}^ 3H}$, ${_{\Lambda}^3 H}$, $^3{\bar{He}}$, and $^3{{He}}$ yields and ratios are well reproduced by the corresponding PACIAE results. Read More

We have updated the parton and hadron cascade model PACIAE 2.0 for relativistic nuclear collisions (cf. Comput. Read More

We use the non-statistical fluctuation instead of the full one to explore the higher moment singularities of net proton event distributions in the relativistic Au+Au collisions at $\sqrt{s_{NN}}$ from 11.5 to 200 GeV calculated by the parton and hadron cascade model PACIAE. The PACIAE results of mean ($M$), variance ($\sigma^2$), skewness ($S$), and kurtosis ($\kappa$) are consistent with the corresponding STAR data. Read More

We investigate thermal entanglement between two non-nearest-neighbor sites in ferromagnetic Heisenberg chain and on fractal lattices by means of the decimation renormalization-group (RG) method. It is found that the entanglement decreases with increasing temperature and it disappears beyond a critical value T_{c}. Thermal entanglement at a certain temperature first increases with the increase of the anisotropy parameter {\Delta} and then decreases sharply to zero when {\Delta} is close to the isotropic point. Read More

For dealing with the equal sphere packing problem, we propose a serial symmetrical relocation algorithm, which is effective in terms of the quality of the numerical results. We have densely packed up to 200 equal spheres in spherical container and up to 150 equal spheres in cube container. All results are rigorous because of a fake sphere trick. Read More

The possibility of the existence of natural self-oscillation of a free electron is suggested. This oscillation depends on the interaction of the electron with its own electromagnetic fields. Suitable standing wave solutions of the electromagnetic fields are chosen. Read More

Combining the hydrodynamic model (Hydro code) and the transport model (PACIAE model), we present the Hydro-PACIAE hybrid model. We use the Hydro-PACIAE hybrid model to calculate Au+Au collisions at $\sqrt{s_{NN}}$=130 GeV and Pb+Pb collisions at $\sqrt{s_{NN}}$=2.76 TeV. Read More

There are two types of asymptotic formulas for the $12j$ symbol with one small and 11 large angular momenta. We have derived the first type of formula previously in [L. Yu, Phys. Read More

A dynamically constrained coalescence model based on the phase space quantization and classical limit method was proposed to investigate the production of light nuclei (anti-nuclei) in non-single diffractive (NSD) pp collisions at $\sqrt{s}$=7 and 14 TeV. This calculation was based on the final hadronic state in the PYTHIA and PACIAE model simulations, the event sample consisted of 1.2$\times 10^8$ events in both simulations. Read More

Collective flow in collisions between Lead nuclei at LHC are influenced by random initial state fluctuations, especially for odd harmonics. Here we extend fluctuation studies to longitudinal fluctuations, which may have significant effect on the rapidity distribution of odd harmonics. Furthermore center of mass rapidity fluctuations are measurable, but not yet analysed. Read More

We use symbol correspondence and quantum normal form theory to develop a more general method for finding uniform asymptotic approximations. We then apply this method to derive a result we announced in an earlier paper, namely, the uniform approximation of the $6j$-symbol in terms of the rotation matrices. The derivation is based on the Stratonovich-Weyl symbol correspondence between matrix operators and functions on a spherical phase space. Read More

We derive the leading asymptotic limit of the Wigner $3j$-symbol from a stationary phase approximation of a twelve dimensional integral, obtained from an inner product between two exact Bargmann wavefunctions. We show that, by the construction of the Bargmann inner product, the stationary phase conditions have a geometric description in terms of the Hopf fibration of ${\mathbb C}^6$ into ${\mathbb R}^3 \times {\mathbb R}^3 \times {\mathbb R}^3$. In addition, we find that, except for the usual modification of the quantum numbers by 1/2, the imaginary part of the logarithm of a Bargmann wavefunction, evaluated at the stationary points, is equal to the asymptotic phase of the $3j$-symbol. Read More

We present new asymptotic formulas for the Wigner $15j$-symbol with two, three, or four small quantum numbers, and provide numerical evidence of their validity. These formulas are of the WKB form and are of a similar nature as the Ponzano-Regge formula for the Wigner $6j$-symbol. They are expressed in terms of edge lengths and angles of geometrical figures associated with angular momentum vectors. Read More

We derive an asymptotic formula for the Wigner $12j$ symbol, in the limit of one small and 11 large angular momenta. There are two kinds of asymptotic formulas for the $12j$ symbol with one small angular momentum. We present the first kind of formula in this paper. Read More

We derive a new asymptotic formula for the Wigner $9j$-symbol, in the limit of one small and eight large angular momenta, using a novel gauge-invariant factorization for the asymptotic solution of a set of coupled wave equations. Our factorization eliminates the geometric phases completely, using gauge-invariant non-canonical coordinates, parallel transports of spinors, and quantum rotation matrices. Our derivation generalizes to higher $3nj$-symbols. Read More

We have updated the parton and hadron cascade model PACIAE for the relativistic nuclear collisions, from based on JETSET 6.4 and PYTHIA 5.7 to based on PYTHIA 6. Read More

The parton and hadron cascade model PACIAE based on PYTHIA was utilized to systematically investigate the strange particle production in pp collisions at the RHIC and LHC energies. Taking the mechanism of reduction of the strange quark suppression into account the STAR and ALICE data of strange particle production in pp collisions are well reproduced. It turned out that the K/{\pi} ratio as a function of reaction energy in pp collisions shows slightly increasing from sqrt(s)=0. Read More

The parton and hadron cascade model PACIAE based on PYTHIA was used to investigate the charged particle elliptic flow in minimum bias pp collisions at the LHC energies. The strings were distributed randomly in the transverse ellipsoid of the pp collision system with major axis of $R$ (proton radius) and minor axis of $R(1-\xi)$ before parton rescattering. The charged particle elliptic flow as a function of the random number $\xi$ and transverse momentum $p_T$ were investigated. Read More