Li Zhang - QuFu Education Bureau

Li Zhang
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Li Zhang
QuFu Education Bureau
Jining Shi

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High Energy Astrophysical Phenomena (7)
Computer Science - Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition (6)
Quantum Physics (4)
Physics - Superconductivity (4)
General Relativity and Quantum Cosmology (4)
Mathematics - Probability (3)
Physics - Atomic Physics (3)
Statistics - Machine Learning (3)
Computer Science - Learning (3)
Solar and Stellar Astrophysics (3)
High Energy Physics - Theory (2)
Physics - Instrumentation and Detectors (2)
Physics - Materials Science (2)
Computer Science - Numerical Analysis (1)
Mathematics - Numerical Analysis (1)
Physics - Mesoscopic Systems and Quantum Hall Effect (1)
Physics - Computational Physics (1)
Mathematics - Combinatorics (1)
Mathematics - Number Theory (1)
Computer Science - Data Structures and Algorithms (1)
Physics - Disordered Systems and Neural Networks (1)
Statistics - Theory (1)
Mathematics - Statistics (1)
Astrophysics of Galaxies (1)
Physics - Soft Condensed Matter (1)
Mathematics - Analysis of PDEs (1)
Computer Science - Distributed; Parallel; and Cluster Computing (1)
Computer Science - Computational Geometry (1)
Mathematics - Dynamical Systems (1)
Physics - Fluid Dynamics (1)
Computer Science - Architecture (1)
Cosmology and Nongalactic Astrophysics (1)
Physics - Optics (1)
Physics - Chemical Physics (1)
Computer Science - Cryptography and Security (1)
High Energy Physics - Phenomenology (1)
Physics - Physics and Society (1)

Publications Authored By Li Zhang

At submicron manufacturing technology nodes, pro- cess variations affect circuit performance significantly. To counter these variations, engineers are reserving more timing margin to maintain yield, leading to an unaffordable overdesign. Most of these margins, however, are wasted after manufacturing, because process variations cause only some chips to be really slow, while other chips can easily meet given timing specifications. Read More

Microscopic artificial swimmers have recently become highly attractive due to their promising potential for biomedical applications. The pioneering work of Dreyfus et al (2005) has demonstrated the motion of a microswimmer with an undulating chain of superparamagnetic beads, which is actuated by an oscillating external magnetic field. Interestingly, it has also been theoretically predicted that the swimming direction of this swimmer will undergo a $90^\circ$-transition when the magnetic field's oscillations amplitude is increased above a critical value of $\sqrt{2}$. Read More

We study the two-dimensional superconductor-insulator transition (SIT) in thin films of tantalum nitride. At zero magnetic field, films can be disorder-tuned across the SIT by adjusting thickness and film stoichiometry; insulating films exhibit classical hopping transport. Superconducting films exhibit a magnetic field-tuned SIT, whose insulating ground state at high field appears to be a quantum-corrected metal. Read More

We discuss black hole solutions of Einstein gravity in presence of nonlinear electrodynamics in dS spacetime. Considering prescribed entropy, thermodynamic volume of dS spacetime, we establish the differential equation for the whole dS spacetime and obtain the effective temperature, effective pressure, and effective electric potential. We investigate properties of the effective thermodynamic quantities under influence of nonlinearity parameter $\alpha$. Read More

The large-amplitude longitudinal oscillations of solar filaments have been observed and explored for more than ten years. Previous studies are mainly based on the one-dimensional rigid flux tube model with a single magnetic dip. However, it is noticed that there might be two magnetic dips, and hence two threads, along one magnetic field line. Read More

We prove a new polygamy relation of multi-party quantum entanglement in terms of R\'{e}nyi-$\alpha$ entropy for $\left( {\sqrt 7 - 1} \right)/2\leq\alpha \leq \left( {\sqrt 13 - 1} \right)/2$. This class of polygamy inequality reduces to the polygamy inequality based on entanglement of assistance because R\'{e}nyi-$\alpha$ entanglement is the generalization of entanglement of formation. We further show that the polygamy inequality also holds for the $\mu$th power of R\'{e}nyi-$\alpha$ entanglement of assistance. Read More

Given a set $S$ of $n$ static points and a free point $p$ in the Euclidean plane, we study a new variation of the minimum enclosing circle problem, in which a dynamic weight that equals to the reciprocal of the distance from the free point $p$ to the undetermined circle center is included. In this work, we prove the optimal solution of the new problem is unique and lies on the boundary of the farthest-point Voronoi diagram of $S$, once $p$ does not coincide with any vertex of the convex hull of $S$. We propose a tree structure constructed from the boundary of the farthest-point Voronoi diagram and use the hierarchical relationship between edges to locate the optimal solution. Read More

This paper mainly focus on the front-like entire solution of a classical nonlocal dispersal equation with ignition nonlinearity. Especially, the dispersal kernel function $J$ may not be symmetric here. The asymmetry of $J$ has a great influence on the profile of the traveling waves and the sign of the wave speeds, which further makes the properties of the entire solution more diverse. Read More

In this paper, by analyzing the thermodynamic properties of charged AdS black hole and asymptotically flat space-time charged black hole in the vicinity of the critical point, we establish the correspondence between the thermodynamic parameters of asymptotically flat space-time and nonasymptotically flat space-time, based on the equality of black hole horizon area in the two different space-time. The relationship between the cavity radius (which is introduced in the study of asymptotically flat space-time charged black holes) and the cosmological constant (which is introduced in the study of nonasymptotically flat space-time) is determined. The establishment of the correspondence between the thermodynamics parameters in two different space-time is beneficial to the mutual promotion of different time-space black hole research, which is helpful to understand the thermodynamics and quantumproperties of black hole in space-time. Read More

We obtained new high-resolution spectra using the Lijiang 1.8-m and 2.4-m telescopes to investigate the chromospheric activities of V1355 Ori as indicated in the behaviors of Ca ii H&K, Hdelta, Hgamma, Hbeta, Na i D1, D2, Halpha and Ca ii infrared triplet (IRT) lines. Read More

Based on the consideration that the black hole horizon and the cosmological horizon of Kerr-de Sitter black hole are not independent each other, we conjecture the total entropy of the system should have an extra term contributed from the correlations between the two horizons, except for the sum of the two horizon entropies. By employing globally effective first law and effective thermodynamic quantities, we obtain the corrected total entropy and find that the region of stable state for kerr-de Sitter is related to the angular velocity parameter $a$, i.e. Read More

Affiliations: 1University of Connecticut, 2Arizona State University, 3Philips Research North America, 4University of Connecticut, 5Nanjing Brain Hospital, P. R. China, 6University of Connecticut

As our population ages, neurological impairments and degeneration of the musculoskeletal system yield gait abnormalities, which can significantly reduce quality of life. Gait rehabilitative therapy has been widely adopted to help patients maximize community participation and living independence. To further improve the precision and efficiency of rehabilitative therapy, more objective methods need to be developed based on sensory data. Read More

This paper proposes a deep learning architecture based on Residual Network that dynamically adjusts the number of executed layers for the regions of the image. This architecture is end-to-end trainable, deterministic and problem-agnostic. It is therefore applicable without any modifications to a wide range of computer vision problems such as image classification, object detection and image segmentation. Read More

We demonstrate control over the localization of high-lying Rydberg wave packets in argon atoms with phase-locked orthogonally polarized two-color (OTC) laser fields. With a reaction microscope, we measured ionization signals of high-lying Rydberg states induced by a weak dc field and black-body radiation as a function of the relative phase between the two-color fields. We find that the dc-field ionization yields of high-lying Rydberg argon atoms oscillate with the relative two-color phase with a period of $2\pi$ while the photoionization signal by black-body radiation shows a period of $\pi$. Read More

The High Energy cosmic Radiation Detection (HERD) facility is a space mission designed for detecting cosmic ray (CR) electrons, $\gamma$-rays up to tens of TeV and CR nuclei from proton to iron up to several PeV. The main instrument of HERD is a 3-D imaging calorimeter (CALO) composed of nearly ten thousand cubic LYSO crystals. A large dynamic range of single HERD CALO Cell (HCC) is necessary to achieve HERD's PeV observation objectives, which means that the response of HCC should maintain a good linearity from minimum ionizing particle (MIP) calibration to PeV shower maximum. Read More

Multi-wavelength observations of mature supernova remnants (SNRs), especially with recent advances in gamma-ray astronomy, make it possible to constrain energy distribution of energetic particles within these remnants. In consideration of the SNR origin of Galactic cosmic rays and physics related to particle acceleration and radiative processes, we use a simple one-zone model to fit the nonthermal emission spectra of three shell-type SNRs located within 2 degrees on the sky: RX J1713.7-3946, CTB 37B, and CTB 37A. Read More

Deep learning (DL) training-as-a-service (TaaS) is an important emerging industrial workload. The unique challenge of TaaS is that it must satisfy a wide range of customers who have no experience and resources to tune DL hyper-parameters, and meticulous tuning for each user's dataset is prohibitively expensive. Therefore, TaaS hyper-parameters must be fixed with values that are applicable to all users. Read More

Zero-shot learning (ZSL) models rely on learning a joint embedding space where both textual/semantic description of object classes and visual representation of object images can be projected to for nearest neighbour search. Despite the success of deep neural networks that learn an end-to-end model between text and images in other vision problems such as image captioning, very few deep ZSL model exists and they show little advantage over ZSL models that utilise deep feature representations but do not learn an end-to-end embedding. In this paper we argue that the key to make deep ZSL models succeed is to choose the right embedding space. Read More

The central limit theorem of martingales is the fundamental tool for studying the convergence of stochastic processes, especially stochastic integrals and differential equations. In this paper, general central limit theorems and functional central limit theorems are obtained for martingale like random variables under the sub-linear expectation. As applications, the Lindeberg central limit theorem and functional central limit theorem are obtained for independent but not necessarily identically distributed random variables, and a new proof of the L\'evy characterization of a G-Brownian motion without using stochastic calculus is given. Read More

It is still an outstanding challenge to characterize and understand the topological features of strongly interacting states such as bound-states in interacting quantum systems. Here, by introducing a cotranslational symmetry in an interacting multi-particle quantum system, we systematically develop a method to define a Chern invariant, which is a generalization of the well-known Thouless-Kohmoto-Nightingale-den Nijs invariant, for identifying strongly interacting topological states. As an example, we study the topological multi-magnon states in a generalized Heisenberg XXZ model, which can be realized by the currently available experiment techniques of cold atoms [Phys. Read More

Based on the consideration that the black hole horizon and the cosmological horizon of Reissner-Nordstr\"om black hole in de Sitter space are not independent each other, we conjecture the total entropy of the system should have an extra term contributed from the entanglement between the two horizons, except for the sum of the two horizon entropies. Making use of the globally effective first law and the effective thermodynamic quantities, we derive the total entropy and find that it will diverge as the two horizons tends to coincide. Read More

Using Maxwell's equal area law, we discuss the phase transition of higher dimensional charged topological dilaton AdS black holes with a nonlinear source. The coexisting region of the two phases is found and we depict the coexistence region in $P-v$ diagrams. The two-phase equilibrium curves in $P-T$ diagrams are plotted, and we take the first order approximation of volume $v$ in the calculation. Read More

We test one-zone synchrotron self-Compton (SSC) models with high-quality multiwavelength spectral energy distribution (SED) data of Mrk 421. We use Markov chain Monte Carlo (MCMC) technique to fit twelve day-scale SEDs of Mrk 421 with one-zone SSC models. Three types of electron energy distribution (EED), a log-parabola (LP) EED, a power-law log-parabola (PLLP) EED and a broken power-law (BPL) EED, are assumed in fits. Read More

A fundamental component of modern trackers is an online learned tracking model, which is typically modeled either globally or locally. The two kinds of models perform differently in terms of effectiveness and robustness under different challenging situations. This work exploits the advantages of both models. Read More

Correlation filtering based tracking model has received lots of attention and achieved great success in real-time tracking, however, the lost function in current correlation filtering paradigm could not reliably response to the appearance changes caused by occlusion and illumination variations. This study intends to promote the robustness of the correlation filter learning. By exploiting the anisotropy of the filter response, three sparsity related loss functions are proposed to alleviate the overfitting issue of previous methods and improve the overall tracking performance. Read More

Limit theorems for non-additive probabilities or non-linear expectations are challenging issues which have raised progressive interest recently. The purpose of this paper is to study the strong law of large numbers and the law of the iterated logarithm for a sequence of random variables in a sub-linear expectation space under a concept of extended independence which is much weaker and easier to verify than the independence proposed by Peng (2008b). We introduce a concept of extended negative dependence which is an extension of this kind of weak independence and the extended negative independence relative to classical probability appeared in recent literatures. Read More

An elastoplastic theory is not volume conserved if it improperly sets an arbitrary plastic strain rate tensor to be deviatoric. This paper discusses how to rigorously realize volume conservation in finite strain regime, especially when the unloading stress free configuration is not adopted or unique in the elastoplastic theories. An accurate condition of volume conservation is clarified and used in this paper that the density of a volume element after the applied loads are completely removed should be identical to that of the initial stress free states. Read More

The extensive catalog of $\gamma$-ray selected flat-spectrum radio quasars (FSRQs) produced by \emph{Fermi} during a four-year survey has generated considerable interest in determining their $\gamma$-ray luminosity function (GLF) and its evolution with cosmic time. In this paper, we introduce the novel idea of using this extensive database to test the differential volume expansion rate predicted by two specific models, the concordance $\Lambda$CDM and $R_{\rm h}=ct$ cosmologies. For this purpose, we use two well-studied formulations of the GLF, one based on pure luminosity evolution (PLE) and the other on a luminosity-dependent density evolution (LDDE). Read More

Machine learning techniques based on neural networks are achieving remarkable results in a wide variety of domains. Often, the training of models requires large, representative datasets, which may be crowdsourced and contain sensitive information. The models should not expose private information in these datasets. Read More

We report on the observation of subcycle interferences of electron wave packets released during the strong field ionization of H$_2$ with cycle-shaped two-color laser fields. With a reaction microscope, channel-resolved photoelectron momentum distribution are obtained for different final products originating from single ionization of H$_2$. Our results show that the subcycle interference structures of electron wave packet are very sensitive to the cycle-shape of the two-color laser field. Read More

An oblique pulsar magnetosphere with a plasma conductivity is studied by using a pseudo-spectral method. In the pseudo-spectral method, the time-dependent Maxwell equations are solved, both electric and magnetic fields are expanded in terms of the vector spherical harmonic (VSH) functions in spherical geometry and the divergencelessness of magnetic field is analytically enforced by a projection method. The pulsar magnetospheres in infinite (i. Read More

The threshold model has been widely adopted as a classic model for studying contagion processes on social networks. We consider asymmetric individual interactions in social networks and introduce a persuasion mechanism into the threshold model. Specifically, we study a combination of adoption and persuasion in cascading processes on complex networks. Read More

Entanglement entropy (EE), a fundamental conception in quantum information for characterizing entanglement, has been extensively employed to explore quantum phase transitions (QPTs). Although the conventional single-site mean-field (MF) approach successfully predicts the emergence of QPTs, it fails to include any entanglement. Here, for the first time, in the framework of a cluster MF treatment, we extract the signature of EE in the bosonic superfluid-insulator transitions. Read More

The 10Be/7Be ratio is a sensitive tracer for the study of atmospheric transport, particularly with regard to stratosphere-troposphere exchange. Measurements with high accuracy and efficiency are crucial to 7Be and 10Be tracer studies. This article describes sample preparation procedures and analytical benchmarks for 7Be and 10Be measurements at the Xian Accelerator Mass Spectrometry (Xian-AMS) laboratory for the study of rainwater samples. Read More

Through the solid state reaction method, we synthesized a new BiSe2-based superconductor Sr0:5La0:5FBiSe2 with superconducting transition temperature Tc?3.8 K. A strong diamagnetic signal below Tc in susceptibility ?(T) is observed indicating the bulk nature of superconductivity. Read More

Most existing person re-identification (re-id) methods focus on learning the optimal distance metrics across camera views. Typically a person's appearance is represented using features of thousands of dimensions, whilst only hundreds of training samples are available due to the difficulties in collecting matched training images. With the number of training samples much smaller than the feature dimension, the existing methods thus face the classic small sample size (SSS) problem and have to resort to dimensionality reduction techniques and/or matrix regularisation, which lead to loss of discriminative power. Read More

By means of first-principles calculations, we explore systematically the geometric, electronic and piezoelectric properties of multilayer SnSe. We find that these properties are layer-dependent, indicating that the interlayer interaction plays an important role. With increasing the number of SnSe layers from 1 to 6, we observe that the lattice constant decreases from 4. Read More

Stochastic approximation algorithms have been the subject of an enormous body of literature, both theoretical and applied. Recently, Laruelle and Pag\`es (2013) presented a link between the stochastic approximation and response-adaptive designs in clinical trials based on randomized urn models investigated in Bai and Hu (1999, 2005), and derived the asymptotic normality or central limit theorem for the normalized procedure using a central limit theorem for the stochastic approximation algorithm. However, the classical central limit theorem for the stochastic approximation algorithm does not include all cases of its regression function, creating a gap between the results of Laruelle and Pag\`es (2013) and those of Bai and Hu (2005) for randomized urn models. Read More

It is still an outstanding challenge to characterize and understand the topological features of strongly correlated states such as bound-states in interacting multi-particle quantum systems. Recently, bound states of elementary spin waves (magnons) in quantum magnets have been experimentally observed in quantum Heisenberg chains comprising ultracold Bose atoms in optical lattices. Here, we explore an unprecedented topological state called topological magnon bound-state in the quantum Heisenberg chain under cotranslational symmetry. Read More

New classes two-dimensional (2D) materials beyond graphene, including layered and non-layered, and their heterostructures, are currently attracting increasing interest due to their promising applications in nanoelectronics, optoelectronics and clean energy, where thermal transport property is one of the fundamental physical parameters. In this paper, we systematically investigated the phonon transport properties of 2D orthorhombic group IV-VI compounds of $GeS$, $GeSe$, $SnS$ and $SnSe$ by solving the Boltzmann transport equation (BTE) based on first-principles calculations. Despite the similar puckered (hinge-like) structure along the armchair direction as phosphorene, the four monolayer compounds possess diverse anisotropic properties in many aspects, such as phonon group velocity, Young's modulus and lattice thermal conductivity ($\kappa$), etc. Read More

Ab initio density functional theory calculations are carried out to predict the electronic properties and relative stability of gallium sulfide nanoribbons (Ga2S2-NRs) with either zigzag- or armchair-terminated edges. It is found that the electronic properties of the nanoribbons are very sensitive to the edge structure. The zigzag nanoribbons (Ga2S2-ZNRs) are metallic with spin-polarized edge states regardless of the H-passivation,whereas the bare armchair ones (Ga2S2-ANRs) are semiconducting with an indirect band gap. Read More

Matrix exponential discriminant analysis (EDA) is a generalized discriminant analysis method based on matrix exponential. It can essentially overcome the intrinsic difficulty of small sample size problem that exists in the classical linear discriminant analysis (LDA). However, for data with high dimension, one has to solve a large matrix exponential eigenproblem in this method, and the time complexity is dominated by the computation of exponential of large matrices. Read More

Andrews, Brietzke, R\o dseth and Sellers proved an infinite family of congruences on the number of the restricted $m$-ary partitions when $m$ is a prime. In this note, we show that these congruences hold for arbitrary positive integer $m$ and thus confirm the conjecture of Andrews, et al. Read More

We investigate the pairing symmetry of the newly synthesized quasi-one-dimension K$_2$Cr$_3$As$_3$ superconductor based on the six-band model. We adopt standard random-phase-approximation to study the Hubbard-Hund model of the system. Our results confirm the conclusions obtained from our previous three-band model: the triplet $p_z$ and $f_{y^3-3x^2y}$ wave pairings serve as the leading pairing symmetries in the weak and strong Hund's rule coupling regimes, respectively. Read More

A pseudo-spectral method with an absorbing outer boundary is used to solve a set of the time-dependent force-free equations. In the method, both electric and magnetic fields are expanded in terms of the vector spherical harmonic (VSH) functions in spherical geometry and the divergencelessness of magnetic field is analytically enforced by a projection method. Our simulations show that the Deutsch vacuum solution and the Michel monopole solution can be well reproduced by our pseudo-spectral code. Read More

We provide the first differentially private algorithms for controlling the false discovery rate (FDR) in multiple hypothesis testing, with essentially no loss in power under certain conditions. Our general approach is to adapt a well-known variant of the Benjamini-Hochberg procedure (BHq), making each step differentially private. This destroys the classical proof of FDR control. Read More

In external Compton scenario, we investigate the formation of the very hard electron spectrum in the fast-cooling regime, using a time-dependent emission model. It is shown that a very hard electron distribution $N'_{\rm e}(\gp)\propto\gp^{-p}$ with the spectral index $p\sim1.3$ is formed below the minimum energy of injection electron when inverse Compton scattering takes place in the Klein-Nishina regime, i. Read More

Through a combination of X-ray diffraction, electrical transport, and magnetic susceptibility measurements, we report a newly BiS2-based Sr0:5Pr0:5FBiS2 superconductor with Tc of 2.7 K at ambient pressure. Upon applying pressure, Tc is abruptly enhanced, reaches 8. Read More

We present Submillimeter Array (SMA) molecular line observations in two 2 GHz-wide bands centered at 217.5 and 227.5 GHz, toward the massive star forming region W51 North. Read More

We study the dynamic changes of electron energy distribution (EED) through systematically analysing the quasi-simultaneous spectral energy distributions (SEDs) of the flat spectrum radio quasar 3C 279 in different states. With Markov chain Monte Carlo (MCMC) technique we model fourteen SEDs of 3C 279 using a leptonic model with a three-parameter log-parabola electron energy distribution (EED). The 14 SEDs can be satisfactorily fitted with the one-zone leptonic model. Read More