Li Jin - PKU

Li Jin
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Li Jin
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PKU
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High Energy Physics - Phenomenology (16)
 
Physics - Physics and Society (13)
 
Quantitative Biology - Populations and Evolution (10)
 
Quantitative Biology - Genomics (5)
 
Nonlinear Sciences - Adaptation and Self-Organizing Systems (2)
 
Physics - Materials Science (2)
 
Mathematics - Optimization and Control (2)
 
Statistics - Machine Learning (2)
 
Computer Science - Human-Computer Interaction (1)
 
Statistics - Applications (1)
 
Computer Science - Computational Engineering; Finance; and Science (1)
 
Physics - General Physics (1)
 
Physics - Computational Physics (1)
 
Computer Science - Networking and Internet Architecture (1)
 
Computer Science - Digital Libraries (1)
 
Computer Science - Computer Science and Game Theory (1)
 
Physics - Mesoscopic Systems and Quantum Hall Effect (1)
 
Statistics - Methodology (1)
 
Computer Science - Learning (1)
 
Physics - Data Analysis; Statistics and Probability (1)
 
Quantitative Biology - Neurons and Cognition (1)
 
Mathematics - Probability (1)
 
Quantitative Biology - Quantitative Methods (1)

Publications Authored By Li Jin

In this paper we use the equation of state (EOS) of 2+1 flavors Nambu-Jona-Lasinio (NJL) model to study the structure of compact stars. To avoid the ultraviolet divergence, we employ the proper-time regularization (PTR) with an ultraviolet cutoff. For comparison, we fix three sets of parameters, where the constraints of chemical equilibrium and electric charge neutrality conditions are taken into consideration. Read More

It is a conventional wisdom that symmetry breakdown at grain boundaries in crystals introduces volume expansion and there has been no confirmed evidence of volume contraction at a grain boundary in any kind of crystals. We report surprising volume contraction at the Sigma3(111) grain boundary in vanadium. The lattice distortion near this grain boundary is found to drive the local structure toward a hypothetical {\omega} phase, which is only slightly less stable than the bcc phase. Read More

We consider a piecewise-deterministic queueing (PDQ) model to study traffic queues due to stochastic capacity fluctuations in transportation facilities. The saturation rate (capacity) of the PDQ model switches between a finite set of values (modes) according to a Markov chain. The inflow to the PDQ is controlled by a state-feedback policy. Read More

This article models the interaction between freeway traffic dynamics and capacity-reducing incidents as a stochastic switching system, and provides insights for freeway incident management by analyzing long-time (stability) properties of the proposed model. Incidents (capacity-reducing events) on a multi-cell freeway are modeled by a finite-state Markov chain. Randomness in the occurrence and clearance of incidents results in traffic dynamics that switches between a fixed set of modes (discrete states). Read More

The widely used genetic pleiotropic analysis of multiple phenotypes are often designed for examining the relationship between common variants and a few phenotypes. They are not suited for both high dimensional phenotypes and high dimensional genotype (next-generation sequencing) data. To overcome these limitations, we develop sparse structural equation models (SEMs) as a general framework for a new paradigm of genetic analysis of multiple phenotypes. Read More

To depict the complex relationship among nodes and the evolving process of a complex system, a Bose-Einstein hypernetwork is proposed in this paper. Based on two basic evolutionary mechanisms, growth and preference jumping, the distribution of hyperedge cardinalities is studied. The Poisson process theory is used to describe the arrival process of new node batches. Read More

Based on the theory of hypernetwork and WeChat online social relations, the paper proposes an evolving hypernetwork model with the competitiveness and the age of nodes. In the model, nodes arrive at the system in accordance with Poisson process and are gradual aging. We analyze the model by using a Poisson process theory and a continuous technique, and give a characteristic equation of hyperdegrees. Read More

A local interaction between photons can be engineered by coupling a nonlinear system to a transmission line. The required high impedance transmission line can be conveniently formed from a chain of Josephson junctions. The nonlinearity is generated by side-coupling this chain to a Cooper pair box. Read More

Haplogroup N-M231 of human Y chromosome is a common clade from Eastern Asia to Northern Europe, being one of the most frequent haplogroups in Altaic and Uralic-speaking populations. Using newly discovered bi-allelic markers from high-throughput DNA sequencing, we largely improved the phylogeny of Haplogroup N, in which 16 subclades could be identified by 33 SNPs. More than 400 males belonging to Haplogroup N in 34 populations in China were successfully genotyped, and populations in Northern Asia and Eastern Europe were also compared together. Read More

The origin and diversification of Sino-Tibetan populations have been a long-standing hot debate. However, the limited genetic information of Tibetan populations keeps this topic far from clear. In the present study, we genotyped 15 forensic autosomal STRs from 803 unrelated Tibetan individuals from Gansu Province (635 from Gannan and 168 from Tianzhu). Read More

To improve accuracy and speed of regressions and classifications, we present a data-based prediction method, Random Bits Regression (RBR). This method first generates a large number of random binary intermediate/derived features based on the original input matrix, and then performs regularized linear/logistic regression on those intermediate/derived features to predict the outcome. Benchmark analyses on a simulated dataset, UCI machine learning repository datasets and a GWAS dataset showed that RBR outperforms other popular methods in accuracy and robustness. Read More

We present a model that generates small neutrino masses at three-loop level due to the existence of Majorana fermionic dark matter, which is stabilized by a Z2 symmetry. The model predicts that the lightest neutrino is massless. We show a prototypical parameter choice allowed by relevant experimental data, which favors the case of normal neutrino mass spectrum and the dark matter with m \sim 50-135 GeV and a sizable Yukawa coupling. Read More

Self-serving, rational agents sometimes cooperate to their mutual benefit. The two-player iterated prisoner's dilemma game is a model for including the emergence of cooperation. It is generally believed that there is no simple ultimatum strategy which a player can control the return of the other participants. Read More

Complex network theory has been used to study complex systems. However, many real-life systems involve multiple kinds of objects . They can't be described by simple graphs. Read More

A few of evolving models in hypernetworks have been proposed based on uniform growth. In order to better depict the growth mechanism and competitive aspect of real hypernetworks, we propose a model in term of the non-uniform growth. Besides hyperdegrees, the other two important factors are introduced to underlie preferential attachment. Read More

The paper suggests the concepts of an upper entropy and a lower entropy. We propose a new axiomatic definition, namely, upper entropy axioms, inspired by axioms of metric spaces, and also formulate lower entropy axioms. We also develop weak upper entropy axioms and weak lower entropy axioms. Read More

The Disrupted in Schizophrenia Gene 1 (DISC1) plays a role in both neural signalling and development and is associated with schizophrenia, although its links to altered brain structure and function in this disorder are not fully established. Here we have used structural and functional MRI to investigate links with six DISC1 single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs). We employed a brain-wide association analysis (BWAS) together with a Jacknife internal validation approach in 46 schizophrenia patients and 24 matched healthy control subjects. Read More

The paper comments on "Quantifying long-term scientific impact". It indicates that there is a mistake of [D. S. Read More

Introgressions from Neanderthals and Denisovans were detected in modern humans. Introgressions from other archaic hominins were also implicated, however, identification of which poses a great technical challenge. Here, we introduced an approach in identifying introgressions from all possible archaic hominins in Eurasian genomes, without referring to archaic hominin sequences. Read More

The emergence of agriculture is suggested to have driven extensive human population growths. However, genetic evidence from maternal mitochondrial genomes suggests major population expansions began before the emergence of agriculture. Therefore, role of agriculture that played in initial population expansions still remains controversial. Read More

A series of studies have revealed the among-population components of genetic variation are higher for the paternal Y chromosome than for the maternal mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA), which indicates sex-biased migrations in human populations. However, this phenomenon might be also an ascertainment bias due to nonrandom sampling of SNPs. To eliminate the possible bias, we used the whole Y chromosome and mtDNA sequence data of 491 individuals from the 1000 Genomes Project Phase I to address the sex-biased migration dispute. Read More

Short tandem repeats (STRs) and single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) are two kinds of commonly used markers in Y chromosome studies of forensic and population genetics. There has been increasing interest in the cost saving strategy by using the STR haplotypes to predict SNP haplogroups. However, the convergence of Y chromosome STR haplotypes from different haplogroups might compromise the accuracy of haplogroup prediction. Read More

The paternally inherited Y chromosome has been widely used in population genetic studies to understand relationships among human populations. Our interpretation of Y chromosomal evidence about population history and genetics has rested on the assumption that all the Y chromosomal markers in the male-specific region (MSY) are selectively neutral. However, the very low diversity of Y chromosome has drawn a long debate about whether natural selection has affected this chromosome or not. Read More

Sayyid Ajjal is the ancestor of many Muslims in areas all across China. And one of his descendants is the famous Navigator of Ming Dynasty, Zheng He, who led the largest armada in the world of 15th century. The origin of Sayyid Ajjal's family remains unclear although many studies have been done on this topic of Muslim history. Read More

The lighter chargino three body decays $\tilde{\chi}_1^\pm\to \tilde{\chi}_1^0 f f^\prime$ via the $W^\pm$ boson and the charged Higgs boson $H^\pm$ are studied in the R-parity conserved Minimal Supersymmetric Standard Model (MSSM). We treat $\tilde \chi_1^\pm$ decays as production and decay of $W^\pm$ and $H^\pm$: i.e. Read More

Demographic change of human populations is one of the central questions for delving into the past of human beings. To identify major population expansions related to male lineages, we sequenced 78 East Asian Y chromosomes at 3.9 Mbp of the non-recombining region (NRY), discovered >4,000 new SNPs, and identified many new clades. Read More

The principle that 'the brand effect is attractive' underlies preferential attachment. Here we show that the brand effect is just one dimension of attractiveness. Another dimension is competitiveness. Read More

The Genographic Project is an international effort using genetic data to chart human migratory history. The project is non-profit and non-medical, and through its Legacy Fund supports locally led efforts to preserve indigenous and traditional cultures. In its second phase, the project is focusing on markers from across the entire genome to obtain a more complete understanding of human genetic variation. Read More

Expo 2010 Shanghai China was a successful, splendid and unforgettable event, remaining us with valuable experiences. The visitor flow pattern of Expo is investigated in this paper. The Hurst exponent, mean value and standard deviation of visitor volume prove that the visitor flow is fractal with long-term stability and correlation as well as obvious fluctuation in short period. Read More

In this paper, we propose a new model that allows us to investigate this competitive aspect of real networks in quantitative terms. Through theoretical analysis and numerical simulations, we find that the competitive network have the universality for a weighted network. The relation between parameters in the weighted network and the competitiveness in the competitive network is obtained. Read More

The study of human dynamics has attracted much interest from many fields recently. In this paper, the fractal characteristic of human behaviors is investigated from the perspective of time series constructed with the amount of library loans. The Hurst exponents and length of non-periodic cycles calculated through Rescaled Range Analysis indicate that the time series of human behaviors is fractal with long-range correlation. Read More

As a major part of the daily operation in an enterprise, purchasing frequency is of constant change. Recent approaches on the human dynamics can provide some new insights into the economic behaviors of companies in the supply chain. This paper captures the attributes of creation times of purchase orders to an individual vendor, as well as to all vendors, and further investigates whether they have some kind of dynamics by applying logarithmic binning to the construction of distribution plot. Read More

On-line communities offer a great opportunity to investigate human dynamics, because much information about individuals is registered in databases. In this paper, based on data statistics of online comments on Blog posts, we first present an empirical study of a comment arrival-time interval distribution. We find that people interested in some subjects gradually disappear and the interval distribution is a power law. Read More

Weblog is the fourth way of network exchange after Email, BBS and MSN. Most bloggers begin to write blogs with great interest, and then their interests gradually achieve a balance with the passage of time. In order to describe the phenomenon that people's interest in something gradually decreases until it reaches a balance, we first propose the model that describes the attenuation of interest and reflects the fact that people's interest becomes more stable after a long time. Read More

In the study of complex networks almost all theoretical models have the property of infinite growth, but the size of actual networks is finite. According to statistics from the China Internet IPv4 (Internet Protocol version 4) addresses, this paper proposes a forecasting model by using S curve (Logistic curve). The growing trend of IPv4 addresses in China is forecasted. Read More

We report on the experimental investigation of a high-frequency (1MHz - 1.8GHz) dielectric dispersion in unpoled and poled Pb(Zr,Ti)O3 ceramics. Two overlapping loss peaks could be revealed in the dielectric spectrum. Read More

We calculated the next-to-leading order (NLO) QCD corrections to the cross sections for direct top quark productions induced by model--independent flavour changing neutral current couplings at hadron colliders. The NLO results increase the experimental sensitivity to the anomalous couplings. Our results show that the NLO QCD corrections enhance the leading order (LO) total cross sections at the Tevatron Run 2 about 60% for both of $\kappa_{tc}^g$ and $\kappa_{tu}^g$ couplings, and enhance the LO total cross sections at the LHC about 40% for $\kappa_{tc}^g$ couplings and 50% for $\kappa_{tu}^g$ couplings, respectively. Read More

We present the calculations of the complete NLO inclusive total cross sections for pair production of neutral Higgs bosons through $b\bar b$ annihilation in the minimal supersymmetric standard model at the CERN Large Hadron Collider. In our calculations, we used both the DREG scheme and the DRED scheme and found that the NLO total cross sections in the above two schemes are the same. Our results show that the $b\bar b$-annihilation contributions can exceed ones of $gg$ fusion and $q\bar q$ annihilation for $h^0H^0$, $A^0h^0$ and $A^0H^0$ productions when $\tan\beta$ is large. Read More

We present the calculations of the complete next-to-leading order (NLO) QCD corrections (including supersymmetric QCD) to the inclusive total cross sections of the associated production processes $pp\to A^0Z^0+X$ in the Minimal Supersymmetric Standard Model at the CERN Large Hadron Collider. Both the dimensional regularization scheme and the dimensional reduction scheme are used to organize the calculations which yield the same NLO rates. The NLO correction can either enhance or reduce the total cross sections, but it generally efficiently reduces the dependence of the total cross sections on the renormalization/factorization scale. Read More

We recalculate the branching ratios for $t\to cV$ ($V=g,\gamma,Z$) induced by SUSY FCNC couplings within the general unconstrained MSSM framework using mass eigenstate approach. Our results show that the branching ratios for these decays are larger than ones reported in previous literatures in the MSSM with R-parity conservation, and they can reach $\sim 10^{-4}$, $\sim 10^{-6}$, and $\sim 10^{-6}$, respectively, for favorable parameter values allowed by current precise experiments. Thus, the branching ratios for $t\to cg$ and $t\to c\gamma$ may be measurable at the LHC. Read More

We evaluate the $t\bar{c}$ and $t\bar{u}$ productions at the LHC within the general unconstrained MSSM framework. We find that these single top quark productions induced by SUSY-QCD FCNC couplings have remarkable cross sections for favorable parameter values allowed by current low energy data, which can be as large as a few pb. Once large rates of the $t\bar{c}$ and $t\bar{u}$ productions are detected at the LHC, they may be induced by SUSY FCNC couplings. Read More

We study $\rho-\omega-$interference by analyzing $J/\psi\to \pi^+\pi^-\pi^0\pi^0$. PDG-2002 data on $J/\psi$ decays into $PP$ and $PV$ ($P$ denotes pseudoscalar mesons; $V$, vector mesons) are used to fit a generic model which describes the $J/\psi$ decays. From the fits, we obtain anomalously large branching ratio $Br(\rho^0\to \pi^+\pi^-\pi^0)\sim 10^{-3}-10^{-2}$. Read More

We investigate the associated production of a scalar Higgs boson ($h^0$ or $H^0$) with $Z^0$ boson in the minimal supersymmetric extension of the standard model (MSSM) at the CERN Large Hadron Collider (LHC), including the contributions from $b\bar{b}$ annihilation at the tree level and gluon fusion via quark and squark loops. We quantitatively analyze the total cross sections in the mSUGRA scenario. For the production of $h^0$ associated with $Z^0$, we find that in most of the parameter regions, the contributions from initial $b\bar{b}$ and $gg$ are at a level of one percent of the total cross section and therefore almost insignificant. Read More

We calculate the next-to-leading order inclusive total cross sections for the associated production processes $pp\to \tilde{t}_i\tilde{\chi}_k^-+X$ in the Minimal Supersymmetric Standard Model at the CERN LHC. Our results provide the theoretical predictions for the total cross sections for the above processes. The NLO QCD corrections in general enhance the leading order total cross sections significantly, and vastly reduce the dependence of the total cross sections on the renormalization/factorization scale, which leads to increased confidence in predictions based on these results. Read More

We investigate the spin correlations in top quark pair production near threshold at the $ e^- e^+ $ linear collider. Comparing with the results above the threshold region, we find that near the threshold region the off-diagonal basis, the optimized decomposition of the top quark spins above the threshold region, does not exist, and the beamline basis is the optimal basis, in which there are the dominant spin components: the up-down (UD) component for $e_L^- e^+$ scattering and the down-up (DU) component for $e_R^- e^+$ scattering can make up more than 50% of the total cross section, respectively. Read More

We present the calculations of the complete next-to-leading order (NLO) inclusive total cross sections for the associated production processes $pp\to \tilde{t}_i\tilde{\chi}_k^-+X$ in the Minimal Supersymmetric Standard Model at the CERN Large Hadron Collider. Our calculations show that the total cross sections for the $\tilde{t}_1\tilde{\chi}_1^-$ production for the lighter top squark masses in the region 100 GeV $< m_{\tilde{t}_1}<$ 160 GeV can reach 1 pb in the favorable parameter space allowed by the current precise experiments, and in other cases the total cross sections generally vary from 10 fb to several hundred fb except both $m_{\tilde{t}_1}>$ 500 GeV and the $\tilde{t}_2\tilde{\chi}_2^-$ production channel. Moreover, we find that the NLO QCD corrections in general enhance the leading order total cross sections significantly, and vastly reduce the dependence of the total cross sections on the renormalization/factorization scale, which leads to increased confidence in predictions based on these results. Read More

We calculate the Yukawa corrections of order ${\cal O}(\alpha_{ew}m_{t(b)}^2/m_W^2)$, ${\cal O}(\alpha_{ew}m_{t(b)}^3/m_W^3)$ and ${\cal O}(\alpha_{ew}m_{t(b)}^4/m_W^4)$ to the widths of the decays $\tilde t_2\to \tilde t_1 + (h^0,H^0,A^0)$ in the Minimal Supersymmetric Standard Model, and perform a detailed numerical analysis. We also compare the results with the ones presented in an earlier literature, where the ${\cal O}(\alpha_{s})$ SUSY-QCD corrections to the same three decay processes have been calculated. Our numerical results show that for the decays $\tilde t_2\to \tilde t_1 + h^{0}$, $\tilde t_2\to \tilde t_1 + H^{0}$, the Yukawa corrections are significant in most of the parameter range, which can reach a few ten percent, and for the decay $\tilde t_2\to\tilde t_1 + A^{0}$, the Yukawa corrections are relatively smaller, which are only a few percent. Read More

The Yukawa corrections of order ${\cal O}(\alpha_{ew}m_{t(b)}^2/m_W^2)$, ${\cal O}(\alpha_{ew}m_{t(b)}^3/m_W^3)$ and ${\cal O}(\alpha_{ew}m_{t(b)}^4/m_W^4)$ to the width of sbottom decay into lighter stop plus charged Higgs boson are calculated in the Minimal Supersymmetric Standard Model. These corrections depend on the masses of charged Higgs boson and lighter stop, and the parameters $\tan\beta$ and $\mu$. For favorable parameter values, the corrections decrease or increase the decay widths significantly. Read More

The $O(\alpha_{ew}m_{t(b)}^{2}/m_{W}^{2})$ and $O(\alpha_{ew} m_{t(b)}^4/m_W^4)$ supersymmetric electroweak corrections to the cross section for $W^{\pm}H^{\mp}$ associated production at the LHC are calculated in the minimal supersymmetric standard model. Those corrections arise from the quantum effects which are induced by the Yukawa couplings from the Higgs sector and the genuine supersymmetric electroweak couplings involving supersymmetric particles, i.e. Read More