Leopoldo Infante - P. Univ. Catolica, Santiago, Chile

Leopoldo Infante
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Leopoldo Infante
P. Univ. Catolica, Santiago, Chile

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Cosmology and Nongalactic Astrophysics (44)
Astrophysics of Galaxies (15)
Instrumentation and Methods for Astrophysics (3)
Solar and Stellar Astrophysics (2)
Earth and Planetary Astrophysics (1)
High Energy Astrophysical Phenomena (1)

Publications Authored By Leopoldo Infante

We present the first results from the ongoing LAGER project (Lyman Alpha Galaxies in the Epoch of Reionization), which is the largest narrowband survey for $z\sim$ 7 galaxies to date. Using a specially built narrowband filter NB964 for the superb large-area Dark-Energy Camera (DECam) on the NOAO/CTIO 4m Blanco telescope, LAGER has collected 34 hours NB964 narrowband imaging data in the 3 deg$^2$ COSMOS field. We have identified 27 Lyman Alpha Emitter (LAE) candidates at $z=$ 6. Read More

We present the temperature and polarization angular power spectra measured by the Atacama Cosmology Telescope Polarimeter (ACTPol). We analyze night-time data collected during 2013-14 using two detector arrays at 149 GHz, from 548 deg$^2$ of sky on the celestial equator. We use these spectra, and the spectra measured with the MBAC camera on ACT from 2008-10, in combination with Planck and WMAP data to estimate cosmological parameters from the temperature, polarization, and temperature-polarization cross-correlations. Read More

In this paper we use ASPECS, the ALMA Spectroscopic Survey in the {\em Hubble} Ultra Deep Field (UDF) in band 3 and band 6, to place blind constraints on the CO luminosity function and the evolution of the cosmic molecular gas density as a function of redshift up to $z\sim 4.5$. This study is based on galaxies that have been solely selected through their CO emission and not through any other property. Read More

We present Megacam deep optical images (g and r) of Malin 1 obtained with the 6.5m Magellan/Clay telescope, detecting structures down to ~ 28 B mag arcsec-2. In order to enhance galaxy features buried in the noise, we use a noise reduction filter based on the total generalized variation regularizator. Read More

We present galaxy velocity dispersions and dynamical mass estimates for 44 galaxy clusters selected via the Sunyaev-Zel'dovich (SZ) effect by the Atacama Cosmology Telescope. Dynamical masses for 18 clusters are reported here for the first time. Using \Nbody\ simulations, we model the different observing strategies used to measure the velocity dispersions and account for systematic effects resulting from these strategies. Read More

We searched for z > 7 Lyman-break galaxies (LBGs) in the optical-to-mid-infrared Hubble Frontier Field and associated parallel field observations of the strong-lensing cluster MACS J0416-2403. We discovered 22 candidates, of which six lie at z > 9 and one lies at z > 10. Based on the Hubble and Spitzer photometry, all have secure photometric redshifts and a negligible probability of being at lower redshifts, according to their peak probability ratios, R. Read More

We utilize the CLASH (Cluster Lensing And Supernova survey with Hubble) observations of 25 clusters to search for extreme emission-line galaxies (EELGs). The selections are carried out in two central bands: F105W (Y105) and F125W (J125), as the flux of the central bands could be enhanced by the presence of [O III] 4959, 5007 at redshift of about 0.93-1. Read More

We present a multi-wavelength analysis of eleven Sunyaev Zel'dovich effect (SZE)-selected galaxy clusters (ten with new data) from the Atacama Cosmology Telescope (ACT) southern survey. We have obtained new imaging from the Large APEX Bolometer Camera (345GHz; LABOCA) on the Atacama Pathfinder EXperiment (APEX) telescope, the Australia Telescope Compact Array (2.1GHz; ATCA), and the Spectral and Photometric Imaging Receiver (250, 350, and $500\,\rm\mu m$; SPIRE) on the Herschel Space Observatory. Read More

We present Southern African Large Telescope (SALT) follow-up observations of seven massive clusters detected by the Atacama Cosmology Telescope (ACT) on the celestial equator using the Sunyaev-Zel'dovich (SZ) effect. We conducted multi-object spectroscopic observations with the Robert Stobie Spectrograph in order to measure galaxy redshifts in each cluster field, determine the cluster line-of-sight velocity dispersions, and infer the cluster dynamical masses. We find that the clusters, which span the redshift range 0. Read More

The deflection angles of lensed sources increase with their distance behind a given lens. We utilize this geometric effect to corroborate the $z_{phot}\simeq9.8$ photometric redshift estimate of a faint near-IR dropout, triply-imaged by the massive galaxy cluster Abell 2744 in deep Hubble Frontier Fields images. Read More

We present profiles of temperature (Tx), gas mass, and hydrostatic mass estimated from new and archival X-ray observations of CLASH clusters. We compare measurements derived from XMM and Chandra observations with one another and compare both to gravitational lensing mass profiles derived with CLASH HST and ground-based lensing data. Radial profiles of Chandra and XMM electron density and enclosed gas mass are nearly identical, indicating that differences in hydrostatic masses inferred from X-ray observations arise from differences in Tx measurements. Read More

We report on measurements of the cosmic microwave background (CMB) and celestial polarization at 146 GHz made with the Atacama Cosmology Telescope Polarimeter (ACTPol) in its first three months of observing. Four regions of sky covering a total of 270 square degrees were mapped with an angular resolution of $1.3'$. Read More

We present the temperature power spectrum of the Cosmic Microwave Background obtained by cross-correlating maps from the Atacama Cosmology Telescope (ACT) at 148 and 218 GHz with maps from the Planck satellite at 143 and 217 GHz, in two overlapping regions covering 592 square degrees. We find excellent agreement between the two datasets at both frequencies, quantified using the variance of the residuals between the ACT power spectra and the ACTxPlanck cross-spectra. We use these cross-correlations to calibrate the ACT data at 148 and 218 GHz, to 0. Read More

Using Ly{\alpha} emission line as a tracer of high redshift star forming galaxies, hundreds of Ly{\alpha} emission line galaxies (LAEs) at z > 5 have been detected. These LAEs are considered to be low mass young galaxies, critical to the reionization of the universe and the metal enrichment of circumgalactic medium (CGM) and intergalactic medium (IGM). It is assumed that outflows in LAEs can help ionizing photons and Ly{\alpha} photons escape out of galaxies. Read More

We present the search for the [CII] emission line in three $z>6.5$ Lyman-alpha emitters (LAEs) and one J-Dropout galaxy using the Combined Array for Research in Millimeter-wave Astronomy (CARMA) and the Plateau de Bure Interferometer (PdBI). We observed three bright $z\sim6. Read More

(Abridged) We present a HST weak-lensing study of the merging galaxy cluster "El Gordo" (ACT-CL J0102-4915) at z=0.87 discovered by the Atacama Cosmology Telescope collaboration as the strongest SZ decrement in its ~1000 sq. deg survey. Read More

In this work we analyze the mass distribution of MACSJ1206.2-0847, especially focusing on the halo properties of its cluster members. The cluster appears relaxed in its X-ray emission, but has significant amounts of intracluster light which is not centrally concentrated, suggesting that galaxy-scale interactions are still ongoing despite the overall relaxed state. Read More

We present the first strong-lensing (SL) analysis of the galaxy cluster ACT-CL J0102-4915 (\emph{El Gordo}), in recent \emph{HST}/ACS images, revealing a prominent strong lens at a redshift of $z=0.87$. This finding adds to the already-established unique properties of \emph{El Gordo}: it is the most massive, hot, X-ray luminous, and bright Sunyaev-Zeldovich effect cluster at $z\gtrsim0. Read More

Recent observations have shown that compact nuclear star clusters (NSCs) are present in up to 80% of galaxies. However, detailed studies of their dynamical and chemical properties are confined mainly to spiral galaxy hosts, where they are more easily observed. In this paper we present our study of the NSC in FCC 277, a nucleated elliptical galaxy in the Fornax cluster. Read More

Authors: Jonathan L. Sievers, Renée A. Hlozek, Michael R. Nolta, Viviana Acquaviva, Graeme E. Addison, Peter A. R. Ade, Paula Aguirre, Mandana Amiri, John William Appel, L. Felipe Barrientos, Elia S. Battistelli, Nick Battaglia, J. Richard Bond, Ben Brown, Bryce Burger, Erminia Calabrese, Jay Chervenak, Devin Crichton, Sudeep Das, Mark J. Devlin, Simon R. Dicker, W. Bertrand Doriese, Joanna Dunkley, Rolando Dünner, Thomas Essinger-Hileman, David Faber, Ryan P. Fisher, Joseph W. Fowler, Patricio Gallardo, Michael S. Gordon, Megan B. Gralla, Amir Hajian, Mark Halpern, Matthew Hasselfield, Carlos Hernández-Monteagudo, J. Colin Hill, Gene C. Hilton, Matt Hilton, Adam D. Hincks, Dave Holtz, Kevin M. Huffenberger, David H. Hughes, John P. Hughes, Leopoldo Infante, Kent D. Irwin, David R. Jacobson, Brittany Johnstone, Jean Baptiste Juin, Madhuri Kaul, Jeff Klein, Arthur Kosowsky, Judy M Lau, Michele Limon, Yen-Ting Lin, Thibaut Louis, Robert H. Lupton, Tobias A. Marriage, Danica Marsden, Krista Martocci, Phil Mauskopf, Michael McLaren, Felipe Menanteau, Kavilan Moodley, Harvey Moseley, Calvin B Netterfield, Michael D. Niemack, Lyman A. Page, William A. Page, Lucas Parker, Bruce Partridge, Reed Plimpton, Hernan Quintana, Erik D. Reese, Beth Reid, Felipe Rojas, Neelima Sehgal, Blake D. Sherwin, Benjamin L. Schmitt, David N. Spergel, Suzanne T. Staggs, Omelan Stryzak, Daniel S. Swetz, Eric R. Switzer, Robert Thornton, Hy Trac, Carole Tucker, Masao Uehara, Katerina Visnjic, Ryan Warne, Grant Wilson, Ed Wollack, Yue Zhao, Caroline Zunckel

We present constraints on cosmological and astrophysical parameters from high-resolution microwave background maps at 148 GHz and 218 GHz made by the Atacama Cosmology Telescope (ACT) in three seasons of observations from 2008 to 2010. A model of primary cosmological and secondary foreground parameters is fit to the map power spectra and lensing deflection power spectrum, including contributions from both the thermal Sunyaev-Zeldovich (tSZ) effect and the kinematic Sunyaev-Zeldovich (kSZ) effect, Poisson and correlated anisotropy from unresolved infrared sources, radio sources, and the correlation between the tSZ effect and infrared sources. The power ell^2 C_ell/2pi of the thermal SZ power spectrum at 148 GHz is measured to be 3. Read More

We present the optical and X-ray properties of 68 galaxy clusters selected via the Sunyaev-Zel'dovich Effect at 148 GHz by the Atacama Cosmology Telescope (ACT). Our sample, from an area of 504 square degrees centered on the celestial equator, is divided into two regions. The main region uses 270 square degrees of the ACT survey that overlaps with the co-added ugriz imaging from the Sloan Digital Sky Survey (SDSS) over Stripe 82 plus additional near-infrared pointed observations with the Apache Point Observatory 3. Read More

We present a description of the data reduction and mapmaking pipeline used for the 2008 observing season of the Atacama Cosmology Telescope (ACT). The data presented here at 148 GHz represent 12% of the 90 TB collected by ACT from 2007 to 2010. In 2008 we observed for 136 days, producing a total of 1423 hours of data (11 TB for the 148 GHz band only), with a daily average of 10. Read More

The early Universe at redshift z\sim6-11 marks the reionization of the intergalactic medium, following the formation of the first generation of stars. However, those young galaxies at a cosmic age of \lesssim 500 million years (Myr, at z \gtrsim 10) remain largely unexplored as they are at or beyond the sensitivity limits of current large telescopes. Gravitational lensing by galaxy clusters enables the detection of high-redshift galaxies that are fainter than what otherwise could be found in the deepest images of the sky. Read More

Using high-resolution microwave sky maps made by the Atacama Cosmology Telescope, we for the first time present strong evidence for motions of galaxy clusters and groups via microwave background temperature distortions due to the kinematic Sunyaev-Zel'dovich effect. Galaxy clusters are identified by their constituent luminous galaxies observed by the Baryon Oscillation Spectroscopic Survey, part of the Sloan Digital Sky Survey III. We measure the mean pairwise momentum of clusters, with a probability of the signal being due to random errors of 0. Read More

We present a detailed analysis from new multi-wavelength observations of the exceptional galaxy cluster ACT-CL J0102-4915 "El Gordo," likely the most massive, hottest, most X-ray luminous and brightest Sunyaev-Zeldovich (SZ) effect cluster known at z>0.6. The Atacama Cosmology Telescope collaboration discovered El Gordo as the most significant SZ decrement in a sky survey area of 755 deg^2. Read More

The Cluster Lensing And Supernova survey with Hubble (CLASH) is a 524-orbit multi-cycle treasury program to use the gravitational lensing properties of 25 galaxy clusters to accurately constrain their mass distributions. The survey, described in detail in this paper, will definitively establish the degree of concentration of dark matter in the cluster cores, a key prediction of CDM. The CLASH cluster sample is larger and less biased than current samples of space-based imaging studies of clusters to similar depth, as we have minimized lensing-based selection that favors systems with overly dense cores. Read More

We report results from a cosmological simulation with non-equilibrium chemistry of 21 species, including H2, HD, and LiH molecular cooling. Starting from cosmological initial conditions, we focus on the evolution of the central 1.8 Kpc region of a 3 x 10^7 Msun halo. Read More

Although early observations with the Hubble Space Telescope (HST) pointed to a sharp dichotomy among early-type galaxies in terms of the logarithmic slope gamma' of their central surface brightness profiles, several studies in the past few years have called this finding into question. In particular, recent imaging surveys of 143 early-type galaxies belonging to the Virgo and Fornax Clusters using the Advanced Camera for Surveys (ACS) on board HST have not found a dichotomy in gamma', but instead a systematic progression from central luminosity deficit to excess relative to the inward extrapolation of the best-fitting global Sersic model. Given that earlier studies also found that the dichotomy persisted when analyzing the deprojected density profile slopes, we investigate the distribution of the three-dimensional luminosity density profiles of the ACS Virgo and Fornax Cluster Survey galaxies. Read More

The origin of ultracompact dwarf (UCD) galaxies, compact extragalactic stellar systems, is still a puzzle for present galaxy formation models. We present the comprehensive analysis of high resolution multi-object spectroscopic data for a sample of 24 Fornax cluster UCDs obtained with VLT FLAMES. It comprises previously published data for 19 objects (Mieske et al. Read More

We present constraints on cosmological parameters based on a sample of Sunyaev-Zel'dovich-selected galaxy clusters detected in a millimeter-wave survey by the Atacama Cosmology Telescope. The cluster sample used in this analysis consists of 9 optically-confirmed high-mass clusters comprising the high-significance end of the total cluster sample identified in 455 square degrees of sky surveyed during 2008 at 148 GHz. We focus on the most massive systems to reduce the degeneracy between unknown cluster astrophysics and cosmology derived from SZ surveys. Read More

We present measurements of the cosmic microwave background (CMB) power spectrum made by the Atacama Cosmology Telescope at 148 GHz and 218 GHz, as well as the cross-frequency spectrum between the two channels. Our results clearly show the second through the seventh acoustic peaks in the CMB power spectrum. The measurements of these higher-order peaks provide an additional test of the {\Lambda}CDM cosmological model. Read More

We present a new calibration method based on cross-correlations with WMAP and apply it to data from the Atacama Cosmology Telescope (ACT). ACT's observing strategy and map making procedure allows an unbiased reconstruction of the modes in the maps over a wide range of multipoles. By directly matching the ACT maps to WMAP observations in the multipole range of 400 < ell < 1000, we determine the absolute calibration with an uncertainty of 2% in temperature. Read More

Affiliations: 1Departamento de Astronomía y Astrofísica, Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile, Santiago, Chile, 2Max Planck Institut fur Astrophysik, Garching, Germany, 3Astronomy Department, Rutgers University, USA, 4Departamento de Astronomía y Astrofísica, Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile, Santiago, Chile, 5Departamento de Astronomía y Astrofísica, Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile, Santiago, Chile, 6Departamento de Astronomía y Astrofísica, Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile, Santiago, Chile

We measure the evolution of galaxy clustering out to a redshift of z~1.5 using data from two MUSYC fields, the Extended Hubble Deep Field South (EHDF-S) and the Extended Chandra Deep Field South (ECDF-S). We use photometric redshift information to calculate the projected-angular correlation function, omega(sigma), from which we infer the projected correlation function Xi(sigma). Read More

We use a highly homogeneous set of data from 132 early-type galaxies in the Virgo and Fornax clusters in order to study the properties of the globular cluster luminosity function (GCLF). The globular cluster system of each galaxy was studied using a maximum likelihood approach to model the intrinsic GCLF after accounting for contamination and completeness effects. The results presented here update our Virgo measurements and confirm our previous results showing a tight correlation between the dispersion of the GCLF and the absolute magnitude of the parent galaxy. Read More

Affiliations: 1Rutgers University, 2Rutgers University, 3Pontificia Universidad Catolica de Chile, 4Rutgers University, 5University of KwaZulu-Natal, 6Pontificia Universidad Catolica de Chile, 7ICREA & Institute for Sciences of the Cosmos, 8University of Pittsburgh, 9University of KwaZulu-Natal, 10Princeton University, 11ICREA & Institute for Sciences of the Cosmos

We present a catalog of 105 rich and massive ($M>3\times10^{14}M_{\sun}$) optically-selected clusters of galaxies extracted from 70 square-degrees of public archival griz imaging from the Blanco 4-m telescope acquired over 45 nights between 2005 and 2007. We use the clusters' optically-derived properties to estimate photometric redshifts, optical luminosities, richness, and masses. We complement the optical measurements with archival XMM-Newton and ROSAT X-ray data which provide additional luminosity and mass constraints on a modest fraction of the cluster sample. Read More

Authors: LSST Science Collaboration, Paul A. Abell1, Julius Allison2, Scott F. Anderson3, John R. Andrew4, J. Roger P. Angel5, Lee Armus6, David Arnett7, S. J. Asztalos8, Tim S. Axelrod9, Stephen Bailey10, D. R. Ballantyne11, Justin R. Bankert12, Wayne A. Barkhouse13, Jeffrey D. Barr14, L. Felipe Barrientos15, Aaron J. Barth16, James G. Bartlett17, Andrew C. Becker18, Jacek Becla19, Timothy C. Beers20, Joseph P. Bernstein21, Rahul Biswas22, Michael R. Blanton23, Joshua S. Bloom24, John J. Bochanski25, Pat Boeshaar26, Kirk D. Borne27, Marusa Bradac28, W. N. Brandt29, Carrie R. Bridge30, Michael E. Brown31, Robert J. Brunner32, James S. Bullock33, Adam J. Burgasser34, James H. Burge35, David L. Burke36, Phillip A. Cargile37, Srinivasan Chandrasekharan38, George Chartas39, Steven R. Chesley40, You-Hua Chu41, David Cinabro42, Mark W. Claire43, Charles F. Claver44, Douglas Clowe45, A. J. Connolly46, Kem H. Cook47, Jeff Cooke48, Asantha Cooray49, Kevin R. Covey50, Christopher S. Culliton51, Roelof de Jong52, Willem H. de Vries53, Victor P. Debattista54, Francisco Delgado55, Ian P. Dell'Antonio56, Saurav Dhital57, Rosanne Di Stefano58, Mark Dickinson59, Benjamin Dilday60, S. G. Djorgovski61, Gregory Dobler62, Ciro Donalek63, Gregory Dubois-Felsmann64, Josef Durech65, Ardis Eliasdottir66, Michael Eracleous67, Laurent Eyer68, Emilio E. Falco69, Xiaohui Fan70, Christopher D. Fassnacht71, Harry C. Ferguson72, Yanga R. Fernandez73, Brian D. Fields74, Douglas Finkbeiner75, Eduardo E. Figueroa76, Derek B. Fox77, Harold Francke78, James S. Frank79, Josh Frieman80, Sebastien Fromenteau81, Muhammad Furqan82, Gaspar Galaz83, A. Gal-Yam84, Peter Garnavich85, Eric Gawiser86, John Geary87, Perry Gee88, Robert R. Gibson89, Kirk Gilmore90, Emily A. Grace91, Richard F. Green92, William J. Gressler93, Carl J. Grillmair94, Salman Habib95, J. S. Haggerty96, Mario Hamuy97, Alan W. Harris98, Suzanne L. Hawley99, Alan F. Heavens100, Leslie Hebb101, Todd J. Henry102, Edward Hileman103, Eric J. Hilton104, Keri Hoadley105, J. B. Holberg106, Matt J. Holman107, Steve B. Howell108, Leopoldo Infante109, Zeljko Ivezic110, Suzanne H. Jacoby111, Bhuvnesh Jain112, R113, Jedicke114, M. James Jee115, J. Garrett Jernigan116, Saurabh W. Jha117, Kathryn V. Johnston118, R. Lynne Jones119, Mario Juric120, Mikko Kaasalainen121, Styliani122, Kafka, Steven M. Kahn, Nathan A. Kaib, Jason Kalirai, Jeff Kantor, Mansi M. Kasliwal, Charles R. Keeton, Richard Kessler, Zoran Knezevic, Adam Kowalski, Victor L. Krabbendam, K. Simon Krughoff, Shrinivas Kulkarni, Stephen Kuhlman, Mark Lacy, Sebastien Lepine, Ming Liang, Amy Lien, Paulina Lira, Knox S. Long, Suzanne Lorenz, Jennifer M. Lotz, R. H. Lupton, Julie Lutz, Lucas M. Macri, Ashish A. Mahabal, Rachel Mandelbaum, Phil Marshall, Morgan May, Peregrine M. McGehee, Brian T. Meadows, Alan Meert, Andrea Milani, Christopher J. Miller, Michelle Miller, David Mills, Dante Minniti, David Monet, Anjum S. Mukadam, Ehud Nakar, Douglas R. Neill, Jeffrey A. Newman, Sergei Nikolaev, Martin Nordby, Paul O'Connor, Masamune Oguri, John Oliver, Scot S. Olivier, Julia K. Olsen, Knut Olsen, Edward W. Olszewski, Hakeem Oluseyi, Nelson D. Padilla, Alex Parker, Joshua Pepper, John R. Peterson, Catherine Petry, Philip A. Pinto, James L. Pizagno, Bogdan Popescu, Andrej Prsa, Veljko Radcka, M. Jordan Raddick, Andrew Rasmussen, Arne Rau, Jeonghee Rho, James E. Rhoads, Gordon T. Richards, Stephen T. Ridgway, Brant E. Robertson, Rok Roskar, Abhijit Saha, Ata Sarajedini, Evan Scannapieco, Terry Schalk, Rafe Schindler, Samuel Schmidt, Sarah Schmidt, Donald P. Schneider, German Schumacher, Ryan Scranton, Jacques Sebag, Lynn G. Seppala, Ohad Shemmer, Joshua D. Simon, M. Sivertz, Howard A. Smith, J. Allyn Smith, Nathan Smith, Anna H. Spitz, Adam Stanford, Keivan G. Stassun, Jay Strader, Michael A. Strauss, Christopher W. Stubbs, Donald W. Sweeney, Alex Szalay, Paula Szkody, Masahiro Takada, Paul Thorman, David E. Trilling, Virginia Trimble, Anthony Tyson, Richard Van Berg, Daniel Vanden Berk, Jake VanderPlas, Licia Verde, Bojan Vrsnak, Lucianne M. Walkowicz, Benjamin D. Wandelt, Sheng Wang, Yun Wang, Michael Warner, Risa H. Wechsler, Andrew A. West, Oliver Wiecha, Benjamin F. Williams, Beth Willman, David Wittman, Sidney C. Wolff, W. Michael Wood-Vasey, Przemek Wozniak, Patrick Young, Andrew Zentner, Hu Zhan
Affiliations: 1Stella, 2Stella, 3Stella, 4Stella, 5Stella, 6Stella, 7Stella, 8Stella, 9Stella, 10Stella, 11Stella, 12Stella, 13Stella, 14Stella, 15Stella, 16Stella, 17Stella, 18Stella, 19Stella, 20Stella, 21Stella, 22Stella, 23Stella, 24Stella, 25Stella, 26Stella, 27Stella, 28Stella, 29Stella, 30Stella, 31Stella, 32Stella, 33Stella, 34Stella, 35Stella, 36Stella, 37Stella, 38Stella, 39Stella, 40Stella, 41Stella, 42Stella, 43Stella, 44Stella, 45Stella, 46Stella, 47Stella, 48Stella, 49Stella, 50Stella, 51Stella, 52Stella, 53Stella, 54Stella, 55Stella, 56Stella, 57Stella, 58Stella, 59Stella, 60Stella, 61Stella, 62Stella, 63Stella, 64Stella, 65Stella, 66Stella, 67Stella, 68Stella, 69Stella, 70Stella, 71Stella, 72Stella, 73Stella, 74Stella, 75Stella, 76Stella, 77Stella, 78Stella, 79Stella, 80Stella, 81Stella, 82Stella, 83Stella, 84Stella, 85Stella, 86Stella, 87Stella, 88Stella, 89Stella, 90Stella, 91Stella, 92Stella, 93Stella, 94Stella, 95Stella, 96Stella, 97Stella, 98Stella, 99Stella, 100Stella, 101Stella, 102Stella, 103Stella, 104Stella, 105Stella, 106Stella, 107Stella, 108Stella, 109Stella, 110Stella, 111Stella, 112Stella, 113Stella, 114Stella, 115Stella, 116Stella, 117Stella, 118Stella, 119Stella, 120Stella, 121Stella, 122Stella

A survey that can cover the sky in optical bands over wide fields to faint magnitudes with a fast cadence will enable many of the exciting science opportunities of the next decade. The Large Synoptic Survey Telescope (LSST) will have an effective aperture of 6.7 meters and an imaging camera with field of view of 9. Read More

We present g-z color and z-band surface brightness fluctuations (SBF) measurements for 43 early-type galaxies in the Fornax cluster imaged with HST/ACS. These are combined with measurements for Virgo cluster galaxies to derive a revised, nonlinear calibration of the z-band SBF absolute magnitude as a function of g-z. In all, we tabulate recalibrated SBF distances for 134 galaxies in Virgo, Fornax, the Virgo W' group, and NGC4697 in the Virgo Southern Extension. Read More