# Lei Wang

## Contact Details

NameLei Wang |
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## Pubs By Year |
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## Pub CategoriesPhysics - Strongly Correlated Electrons (7) Physics - Mesoscopic Systems and Quantum Hall Effect (7) High Energy Physics - Phenomenology (7) Statistics - Machine Learning (6) Physics - Materials Science (6) Computer Science - Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition (5) High Energy Physics - Experiment (4) Physics - Computational Physics (4) Nonlinear Sciences - Pattern Formation and Solitons (3) Mathematics - Group Theory (3) Physics - Optics (3) Computer Science - Learning (3) Physics - Statistical Mechanics (3) Statistics - Applications (1) Mathematics - Information Theory (1) Computer Science - Information Theory (1) Mathematical Physics (1) Nonlinear Sciences - Exactly Solvable and Integrable Systems (1) Mathematics - Mathematical Physics (1) Computer Science - Operating Systems (1) Computer Science - Data Structures and Algorithms (1) Physics - Accelerator Physics (1) Quantum Physics (1) Mathematics - Optimization and Control (1) Mathematics - Numerical Analysis (1) Computer Science - Performance (1) Physics - Classical Physics (1) Physics - Superconductivity (1) |

## Publications Authored By Lei Wang

The extraction system of CSNS mainly consists of two kinds of magnets: eight kickers and one lambertson magnet. In this paper, firstly, the magnetic test results of the eight kickers were introduced and then the filed uniformity and magnetizing relationship of the kickers were given. Secondly, during the beam commissioning in the future, in order to obtain more accurate magnetizing relationship, a new method to measure the magnetizing coefficients of the kickers by the real extraction beam was given and the data analysis would also be processed. Read More

The Circular Electron Positron Collider (CEPC) is a future Higgs factory proposed by the Chinese high energy physics community. It will operate at a center-of-mass energy of 240-250 GeV. The CEPC will accumulate an integrated luminosity of 5 ab$^{\rm{-1}}$ in ten years' operation. Read More

In this paper we investigate a super-directive antenna based on a parasitic structure with a circumscribing sphere of diameter 69 mm corresponding to 0.2$\lambda$@880 MHz. The antenna is modeled, simulated, measured, and it is also evaluated against the new Q-factor bound for small antennas at a given total directivity. Read More

Triplet networks are widely used models that are characterized by good performance in classification and retrieval tasks. In this work we propose to train a triplet network by putting it as the discriminator in Generative Adversarial Nets (GANs). We make use of the good capability of representation learning of the discriminator to increase the predictive quality of the model. Read More

The study on point sources in astronomical images is of special importance, since most energetic celestial objects in the Universe exhibit a point-like appearance. An approach to recognize the point sources (PS) in the X-ray astronomical images using our newly designed granular binary-tree support vector machine (GBT-SVM) classifier is proposed. First, all potential point sources are located by peak detection on the image. Read More

Boltzmann machines are physics informed generative models with wide applications in machine learning. They can learn the probability distribution from an input dataset and generate new samples accordingly. Applying them back to physics, the Boltzmann machines are ideal recommender systems to accelerate Monte Carlo simulation of physical systems due to their flexibility and effectiveness. Read More

This paper revisit and extend the interesting case of bounds on the Q-factor for a given directivity for a small antenna of arbitrary shape. A higher directivity in a small antenna is closely connected with a narrow impedance bandwidth. The relation between bandwidth and a desired directivity is still not fully understood, not even for small antennas. Read More

${\rm W}^\pm {\rm W}^\pm {\rm H}$ production at hadron colliders through vector boson scattering is a so far unconsidered process, which leads to a clean signature of two same-sign charged leptons and two widely separated jets. This process is sensitive to the ${\rm HHH}$ and ${\rm WWHH}$ couplings and any deviation of these couplings from their SM predictions serves as direct evidence of new physics beyond the SM. In this paper we perform a Monte Carlo study of this process for the $\sqrt{s}=14$ TeV LHC and a $100$ TeV pp-collider, and provide projections of the constraints on the triple-Higgs and ${\rm WWHH}$ quartic couplings for these environments. Read More

We study the phase diagram of the two-dimensional repulsive Hubbard model with spin-dependent anisotropic hopping at half-filling. The system develops Ising antiferromagnetic long-range order already at infinitesimal repulsive interaction strength in the ground state. Outside the perturbative regime, unbiased predictions for the critical temperatures of the Ising antiferromagnet are made for representative interaction values by a variety of state-of-the-art quantum Monte Carlo methods, including the diagrammatic Monte Carlo, continuous-time determinantal Monte Carlo and path-integral Monte Carlo methods. Read More

Superconductivity and topological quantum states are two frontier fields of research in modern condensed matter physics. The realization of superconductivity in topological materials is highly desired, however, superconductivity in such materials is typically limited to two- or three-dimensional materials and is far from being thoroughly investigated. In this work, we boost the electronic properties of the quasi-one-dimensional topological insulator bismuth iodide \b{eta}-Bi4I4 by applying high pressure. Read More

Restricted Boltzmann machine (RBM) is one of the fundamental building blocks of deep learning. RBM finds wide applications in dimensional reduction, feature extraction, and recommender systems via modeling the probability distributions of a variety of input data including natural images, speech signals, and customer ratings, etc. We build a bridge between RBM and tensor network states (TNS) widely used in quantum many-body physics research. Read More

We examine the parameter space of two-Higgs-doublet model of type-II after imposing the relevant theoretical and experimental constraints from the precision electroweak data, $B$-meson decays, the LHC run-I and run-II data. We find that the searches for Higgs via the $\tau\bar{\tau},~WW,~ZZ,\gamma\gamma,~hh,~hZ,~HZ,~AZ$ channels can give strong constraints on the CP-odd Higgs $A$ and heavy CP-even Higgs $H$, and the parameter space excluded by each channel is respectively carved out in detail. The surviving samples are discussed in two different of regions: (i) In the SM-like coupling region of the 125 GeV Higgs, $m_A$ is allowed to be as low as 350 GeV, and $\tan\beta$ is imposed a strong upper limit. Read More

Coulomb interaction between two closely spaced parallel layers of electron system can generate the frictional drag effect by interlayer Coulomb scattering. Employing graphene double layers separated by few layer hexagonal boron nitride (hBN), we investigate density tunable magneto- and Hall-drag under strong magnetic fields. The observed large magneto-drag and Hall-drag signals can be related with Laudau level (LL) filling status of the drive and drag layers. Read More

The class of topological semimetals comprises a large pool of compounds. Together they provide a wide platform to realize exotic quasiparticles for example Dirac, nodal line Dirac and Weyl fermions. In this letter, we report the Berry phase, Fermi surface topology and anisotropic magnetoresistance of HfSiS which has recently been predicted to be a nodal line semimetal. Read More

Recommender systems play an essential role in the modern business world. They recommend favorable items like books, movies, and search queries to users based on their past preferences. Applying similar ideas and techniques to Monte Carlo simulations of physical systems boosts their efficiency without sacrificing accuracy. Read More

Phase-locking an array of quantum cascade lasers is an effective way to achieve higher output power and beam shaping. In this article, based on Talbot effect, we show a new-type phase-locked array of mid-infrared quantum cascade lasers with an integrated spatial- filtering Talbot cavity. All the arrays show stable in-phase operation from the threshold current to full power current. Read More

We study an optimal control problem in which both the objective function and the dynamic constraint contain an uncertain parameter. Since the distribution of this uncertain parameter is not exactly known, the objective function is taken as the worst-case expectation over a set of possible distributions of the uncertain parameter. This ambiguity set of distributions is, in turn, defined by the first two moments of the random variables involved. Read More

The past few years have witnessed increasing research interest on covariance-based feature representation. A variety of methods have been proposed to boost its efficacy, with some recent ones resorting to nonlinear kernel technique. Noting that the essence of this feature representation is to characterise the underlying structure of visual features, this paper argues that an equally, if not more, important approach to boosting its efficacy shall be to improve the quality of this characterisation. Read More

This is one of a series papers which aim towards to solve the problem of determining automorphism groups of Frobenius groups. This one solves the problem in the case where the Frobenius kernels are elementary abelian and Frobenius complements are cyclic. Read More

We study the excesses of $R(D^{(*)})$ and muon $g-2$ in the framework of a two-Higgs-doublet model with top quark flavor-changing neutral-current (FCNC) couplings. Considering the relevant theoretical and experimental constraints, we find that the $R(D^{(*)})$ and muon $g-2$ excesses can be simultaneously explained in a parameter space allowed by the constraints. In such a parameter space the pseudoscalar ($A$) has a mass between 20 GeV and 150 GeV so that it can be produced from the top quark FCNC decay $t\to A c$. Read More

In this work we introduce the use of TiN/Ti2 N layers as a back contact for lifted-off membranes of anodic Ta3N5 nanotube layers. In photoelectrochemical H2 generation experiments under simulated AM 1.5G light, shift of the onset potential for anodic photocurrents to lower potentials is observed, as well as a higher magnitude of the photocurrents compared to conventional Ta3N5 nanotubes (~ 0. Read More

Ordered W-doped Ta2O5 nanotube arrays were grown by self-organizing electrochemical anodization of TaW alloys with different tungsten concentrations and by a suitable high temperature ammonia treatment, fully converted to W:Ta3N5 tubular structures. A main effect found is that W doping can decrease the band gap from 2 eV (bare Ta3N5) down to 1.75 eV. Read More

Highly controlled coating of biomimetic polydopamine (PDA) was achieved on titanium dioxide nanotubes (TiO2 NTs) by exposing TiO2 NT arrays to a slightly alkaline dopamine solution. The thin films act as photonic sensitizers (enhancing photocurrents and photodegradation) in the visible light range. The PDA coatings can furthermore be used as a platform for decorating the TiO2 NTs with different co-catalysts and metal nanoparticles (NPs). Read More

Despite their exceptional flexibility and popularity, the Monte Carlo methods often suffer from slow mixing times for challenging statistical physics problems. We present a general strategy to overcome this difficulty by adopting ideas and techniques from the machine learning community. We fit the unnormalized probability of the physical model to a feedforward neural network and reinterpret the architecture as a restricted Boltzmann machine. Read More

**Category:**Computer Science - Performance

Despite computation becomes much complex on data with an unprecedented scale, we argue computers or smart devices should and will consistently provide information and knowledge to human being in the order of a few tens milliseconds. We coin a new term 10-millisecond computing to call attention to this class of workloads. 10-millisecond computing raises many challenges for both software and hardware stacks. Read More

We show a phase-locked array of three quantum cascade lasers with an integrated Talbot cavity at one side of the laser array. The coupling scheme is called diffraction coupling. By controlling the length of Talbot to be a quarter of Talbot distance (Zt/4), in-phase mode operation can be selected. Read More

To achieve a low computational cost when performing online metric learning for large-scale data, we present a one-pass closed-form solution namely OPML in this paper. Typically, the proposed OPML first adopts a one-pass triplet construction strategy, which aims to use only a very small number of triplets to approximate the representation ability of whole original triplets obtained by batch-manner methods. Then, OPML employs a closed-form solution to update the metric for new coming samples, which leads to a low space (i. Read More

We study a class of finite groups $G$ which behave similarly to elementary abelian $p$-groups with $p$ prime, that is, there exists a subgroup $N$ such that all elements of $G\setminus N$ are conjugate or inverse-conjugate under $\Aut(G)$. In this paper, we show that such groups are solvable. As an application, we characterise a class of normal edge-transitive Cayley graphs of $G$, which are complete multipartite graphs. Read More

This paper reformulates the problem of finding a longest common increasing subsequence of the two given input sequences in a very succinct way. An extremely simple linear space algorithm based on the new formula can find a longest common increasing subsequence of sizes $n$ and $m$ respectively, in time $O(nm)$ using additional $\min\{n,m\}+1$ space. Read More

A generalized version of the fidelity susceptibility of single-band and multi-orbital Hubbard models is systematically studied using single-site dynamical mean-field theory in combination with a hybridization expansion continuous-time quantum Monte Carlo impurity solver. We find that the fidelity susceptibility is extremely sensitive to changes in the state of the system. It can be used as a numerically inexpensive tool to detect and characterize a broad range of phase transitions and crossovers in Hubbard models, including (orbital-selective) Mott metal-insulator transitions, high-spin to low-spin transitions, Fermi-liquid to non-Fermi-liquid crossovers, and spin-freezing crossovers. Read More

In this paper, we give a characterization for a class of edge-transitive Cayley graphs, and provide methods for constructing Cayley graphs with certain symmetry properties. Also this study leads to construct and characterise a new family of half-transitive graphs. Read More

We examine the $h\to \mu\tau$ and muon g-2 in the exact alignment limit of two-Higgs-doublet model. In this case, the couplings of the SM-like Higgs to the SM particles are the same as the Higgs couplings in the SM at the tree level, and the tree-level lepton-flavor-violating coupling $h\mu\tau$ is absent. We assume the lepton-flavor-violating $\mu\tau$ excess observed by CMS to be respectively from the other neutral Higgses, $H$ and $A$, which almost degenerates with the SM-like Higgs at the 125 GeV. Read More

Unsupervised learning is a discipline of machine learning which aims at discovering patterns in big data sets or classifying the data into several categories without being trained explicitly. We show that unsupervised learning techniques can be readily used to identify phases and phases transitions of many body systems. Starting with raw spin configurations of a prototypical Ising model, we use principal component analysis to extract relevant low dimensional representations the original data and use clustering analysis to identify distinct phases in the feature space. Read More

The assembly of individual two-dimensional materials into van der Waals heterostructures enables the construction of layered three-dimensional materials with desirable electronic and optical properties. A core problem in the fabrication of these structures is the formation of clean interfaces between the individual two-dimensional materials which would affect device performance. We present here a technique for the rapid batch fabrication of van der Waals heterostructures, demonstrated by the controlled production of 22 mono-, bi- and trilayer graphene stacks encapsulated in hexagonal boron nitride with close to 100% yield. Read More

We study the interplay of topological band structure and conventional magnetic long-range order in spinful Haldane model with onsite repulsive interaction. Using the dynamical cluster approximation with clusters of up to 24 sites we find evidence of a first order phase transition from a Chern insulator at weak coupling to a topologically trivial antiferromagnetic insulator at strong coupling. These results call into question a previously found intermediate state with coexisting topological character and antiferromagnetic long-range order. Read More

Previous OS abstractions and structures are mainly proposed for the average performance. The shift toward server side computing calls for new OS structures for the worst-case performance. This paper presents the "isolate first, then share" OS architecture. Read More

In this paper, we propose a new type of array antenna, termed the Random Frequency Diverse Array (RFDA), for an uncoupled indication of target direction and range with low system complexity. In RFDA, each array element has a narrow bandwidth and a randomly assigned carrier frequency. The beampattern of the array is shown to be stochastic but thumbtack-like, and its stochastic characteristics, such as the mean, variance, and asymptotic distribution are derived analytically. Read More

In conventional light harvesting devices, the absorption of a single photon only excites one electron, which sets the standard limit of power-conversion efficiency, such as the Shockley-Queisser limit. In principle, generating and harnessing multiple carriers per absorbed photon can improve the efficiency and possibly overcome this limit. Here, we report the observation of multiple hot carrier collection in graphene-boron-nitride Moire superlattice structures. Read More

We study a variable-coefficient nonlinear Schr\"odinger (vc-NLS) equation with higher-order effects. We show that the breather solution can be converted into four types of nonlinear waves on constant backgrounds including the multi-peak solitons, antidark soliton, periodic wave and W-shaped soliton. The transition condition requiring the group velocity dispersion (GVD) and third-order dispersion (TOD) to scale linearly is obtained analytically. Read More

This paper addresses the task of separating ground points from airborne LiDAR point cloud data in urban areas. A novel ground filtering method using scan line segmentation is proposed here, which we call SLSGF. It utilizes the scan line information in LiDAR data to segment the LiDAR data. Read More

Electrons transmitted across a ballistic semiconductor junction undergo refraction, analogous to light rays across an optical boundary. A pn junction theoretically provides the equivalent of a negative index medium, enabling novel electron optics such as negative refraction and perfect (Veselago) lensing. In graphene, the linear dispersion and zero-gap bandstructure admit highly transparent pn junctions by simple electrostatic gating, which cannot be achieved in conventional semiconductors. Read More

We present an algorithm for the efficient simulation of the half-filled spinless $t$-$V$ model on bipartite lattices, which combines the stochastic series expansion method with determinantal quantum Monte Carlo techniques widely used in fermionic simulations. The algorithm scales linearly in the inverse temperature, cubically with the system size and is free from the time-discretization error. We use it to map out the finite temperature phase diagram of the spinless $t$-$V$ model on the honeycomb lattice and observe a suppression of the critical temperature of the charge density wave phase in the vicinity of a fermionic quantum critical point. Read More

Subwavelength-thin metasurfaces have shown great promises for the control of optical wavefronts, thus opening new pathways for the development of efficient flat optics. In particular, Huygens' metasurfaces based on all-dielectric resonant meta-atoms have already shown a huge potential for practical applications with their polarization insensitivity and high transmittance efficiency. Here, we experimentally demonstrate a polarization insensitive holographic Huygens' metasurface based on dielectric resonant meta-atoms capable of complex wavefront control at telecom wavelengths. Read More

Under investigation in this paper is the higherorder nonlinear Schrodinger and Maxwell-Bloch (HNLSMB) system which describes the wave propagation in an erbium-doped nonlinear fiber with higher-order effects including the fourth-order dispersion and quintic nonKerr nonlinearity. The breather and rogue wave (RW) solutions are shown that they can be converted into various soliton solutions including the multipeak soliton, periodic wave, antidark soliton, M-shaped soliton, and W-shaped soliton. In addition, under different values of higher-order effect, the locus of the eigenvalues on the complex plane which converts breathers or RWs into solitons is calculated. Read More

We study the AB system describing marginally unstable baroclinic wave packets in geophysical fluids and also ultra-short pulses in nonlinear optics. We show that the breather can be converted into different types of stationary nonlinear waves on constant backgrounds, including the multi-peak soliton, M-shaped soliton, W-shaped soliton and periodic wave. We also investigate the nonlinear interactions between these waves, which display some novel patterns due to the non-propagating characteristics of the solitons: (1) Two antidark solitons can produce a W-shaped soliton instead of a higher-order antidark one, (2) The interaction between an antidark soliton and a W-shaped soliton can not only generate a higher-order antidark soliton, but also form a W-shaped solion pair, (3) The interactions between an oscillation W-shaped soliton and an oscillation M-shaped soliton show the multipeak structures. Read More

In this paper we simultaneously explain the excesses of the 750 GeV diphoton, muon g-2 and $h\to \mu\tau$ in an extension of the two-Higgs-doublet model (2HDM) with additional vector-like fermions and a CP-odd scalar singlet ($P$) which is identified as the 750 GeV resonance. This 750 GeV resonance has a mixing with the CP-odd scalar ($A$) in 2HDM, which leads to a coupling between $P$ and the SM particles as well as a coupling between $A$ and the vector-like fermions. Such a mixing and couplings are strongly constrained by $\tau\to\mu\gamma$, muon g-2 and the 750 GeV diphoton data. Read More

Deriving from the gradient vector of a generative model of local features, Fisher vector coding (FVC) has been identified as an effective coding method for image classification. Most, if not all, FVC implementations employ the Gaussian mixture model (GMM) to depict the generation process of local features. However, the representative power of the GMM could be limited because it essentially assumes that local features can be characterized by a fixed number of feature prototypes and the number of prototypes is usually small in FVC. Read More

The highly unidirectional excitation of graphene plasmons (GPs) through near-field interference of orthogonally polarized dipoles is investigated. The preferred excitation direction of GPs by a single circularly polarized dipole can be simply understood with the angular momentum conservation law. Moreover, the propagation direction of GPs can be switched not only by changing the phase difference between dipoles, but also by placing the z-polarized dipole to its image position, whereas the handedness of the background field remains the same. Read More

In this paper, we interpret the 750 GeV diphoton excess in the Zee-Babu extension of the two-Higgs-doublet model by introducing a top partner ($T$)/bottom partner ($B$). In the alignment limit, the 750 GeV resonance is identified as the heavy CP-even Higgs boson ($H$), which can be sizably produced via the QCD process $pp \to T\bar{T}$ or $pp \to B\bar{B}$ followed by the decay $T\to Ht$ or $B \to Hb$. The diphoton decay rate of $H$ is greatly enhanced by the charged singlet scalars predicted in the Zee-Babu extension and the total width of $H$ can be as large as 7 GeV. Read More

The study of heat transport in low-dimensional oscillator lattices presents a formidable challenge. Theoretical efforts have been made trying to reveal the underlying mechanism of diversified heat transport behaviors. In lack of a unified rigorous treatment, approximate theories often may embody controversial predictions. Read More