Lei Feng
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Lei Feng

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High Energy Astrophysical Phenomena (12)
Physics - Atomic Physics (12)
High Energy Physics - Phenomenology (10)
Physics - Mesoscopic Systems and Quantum Hall Effect (9)
Physics - Optics (8)
Cosmology and Nongalactic Astrophysics (8)
Physics - Materials Science (6)
Quantum Physics (2)
Physics - Computational Physics (2)
Astrophysics of Galaxies (1)
Physics - Strongly Correlated Electrons (1)
Mathematics - Combinatorics (1)
Physics - Superconductivity (1)
Physics - Statistical Mechanics (1)
General Relativity and Quantum Cosmology (1)

Publications Authored By Lei Feng

Light bending is one of the significant predictions of general relativity (GR) and it has been confirmed with great accuracy during the last one hundred years. In this paper, we semiclassically calculate the deflection angle for the photons that just grazing the Sun in the infinite derivative theories of gravity (IDG) which is a ghost and singularity free theory of gravity. From our calculations, we find that the deflection angle $\theta$ only depends on $\Lambda/E$. Read More

Optical control and manipulation of cold atoms has become an important topic in condensed matter. Widely employed are optical lattice shaking experiments which allow the introduction of artificial gauge fields, the design of topological bandstructures, and more general probing of quantum critical phenomena. Here we develop new numerical methods to simulate these periodically driven systems by implementing lattice shaking directly. Read More

Implementing holonomic quantum computation is a challenging task as it requires complicated interaction among multilevel systems. Here, we propose to implement nonadiabatic holonomic quantum computation based on dressed-state qubits in circuit QED. An arbitrary holonomic single-qubit gate can be conveniently achieved using external microwave fields and tuning their amplitudes and phases. Read More

We demonstrate optimization of thermal conductance across nanostructures by developing a method combining atomistic Green's function and Bayesian optimization. With an aim to minimize and maximize the interfacial thermal conductance (ITC) across Si-Si and Si-Ge interfaces by means of Si/Ge composite interfacial structure, the method identifies the optimal structures from calculations of only a few percent of the entire candidates (over 60,000 structures). The obtained optimal interfacial structures are non-intuitive and impacting: the minimum-ITC structure is an aperiodic superlattice that realizes 50% reduction from the best periodic superlattice. Read More

With 91 months of the publicly available Fermi-LAT Pass 8 data, we analyze the gamma-ray emission from the Milky Way satellites to search for potential line signals due to the annihilation of dark matter particles into double photons. The searched targets include a sample of dwarf spheroidal galaxies, the Large Magellanic Cloud (LMC) and Small Magellanic Cloud (SMC). No significant line emission has been found neither in the stacked dwarf galaxy sample nor in the direction of LMC/SMC. Read More

Recently Liang et al. found a tentative line signal at about 43 GeV in the directions of sixteen nearby Galaxy Clusters. If arising from dark matter annihilation, the mass of the dark matter particles should be $m_{\chi}\sim 43$ GeV and the annihilation cross section $\langle \sigma v \rangle \sim 5\times10^{-28}(\overline{\rm BF}/10^{3})^{-1}~{\rm cm^3~s^{-1}}$ is needed, where $\overline{\rm BF}$ is the averaged boost factor of the annihilation signal of these Galaxy Clusters. Read More

Dark matter may interact with Standard Model (SM) particle through the exchange of a massive spin-2 graviton producing signals that can be detected. In this work we examine the $\gamma$-ray emission signals, including the line emission and the continuous spectrum component in such a massive graviton-mediated dark matter model. The constraints of LHC data, dark matter relic density as well as the dark matter indirect detection data have been applied to narrow down the parameter space. Read More

We demonstrate a compact and robust method for generating a 399-nm light resonant on the $^{1}S_{0}-^{1}P_{1}$ transition in ytterbium using a single-pass periodically poled LiNbO$_{3}$ waveguide for second harmonic generation (SHG). The obtained output power at 399 nm was 25 mW when a 798-nm fundamental power of 380 mW was coupled to the waveguide. We observed no degradation of the SHG power for 13 hours with a low power of 6 mW. Read More

The dynamics of many-body systems spanning condensed matter, cosmology, and beyond is hypothesized to be universal when the systems cross continuous phase transitions. The universal dynamics is expected to satisfy a scaling symmetry of space and time with the crossing rate, inspired by the Kibble-Zurek mechanism. We test this symmetry based on Bose condensates in a shaken optical lattice. Read More

We report absolute frequency measurements of 81 hyperfine components of the rovibrational transitions of molecular iodine at 578 nm using the second harmonic generation of an 1156-nm external-cavity diode laser and a fiber-based optical frequency comb. The relative uncertainties of the measured absolute frequencies are typically $1.4\times10^{-11}$. Read More

Galaxy clusters are the largest gravitationally bound objects in the universe and may be suitable targets for indirect dark matter searches. With 85 months of Fermi-LAT Pass 8 publicly available data, we analyze the gamma-ray emission in the directions of 16 nearby Galaxy Clusters with an unbinned likelihood analysis. No globally statistically-significant $\gamma-$ray line feature is identified and a tentative line signal may be present at $\sim 43$ GeV. Read More

In recent years, nanostructuring of dielectric and semiconducting crystals has enhanced controllability of their thermal conductivity. To carry out computational material search for nanostructured materials with desirable thermal conductivity, a key property is the thermal conductivity spectrum of the original single crystal, which determines the appropriate length scale of nanostructures and mutual adaptability of different kinds of nanostructures. Although the first-principles phonon transport calculations have become accessible, the anharmonic lattice dynamics calculations are still heavy to scan many materials. Read More

Very recently the Dark Energy Survey (DES) Collaboration has released their second group of Dwarf spheroidal (dSph) galaxy candidates. With the publicly-available Pass 8 data of Fermi-LAT we search for $\gamma-$ray emissions from the directions of these eight newly discovered dSph galaxy candidates. No statistically significant $\gamma-$ray signal has been found in the combined analysis of these sources. Read More

Wave effects of phonons can give rise to controllability of heat conduction beyond that by particle scattering at surfaces and interfaces. In this work, we propose a new class of 3D nanostructure: a silicon-nanowire-cage (SiNWC) structure consisting of silicon nanowires (SiNWs) connected by nano-cross-junctions (NCJs). We perform equilibrium molecular dynamics (MD) simulations, and find an ultralow value of thermal conductivity of SiNWC, 0. Read More

Let $G$ denote a bipartite graph with $e$ edges without isolated vertices. It was known that the spectral radius of $G$ is at most the square root of $e$, and the upper bound is attained if and only if $G$ is a complete bipartite graph. Suppose that $G$ is not a complete bipartite graph, and $e-1$ and $e+1$ are not twin primes. Read More

We performed an absolute frequency measurement of the $^1S_{0}$-$^3P_{0}$ transition in $^{87}$Sr with a fractional uncertainty of $1.2 \times 10^{-15}$, which is less than one third that of our previous measurement. A caesium fountain atomic clock was used as a transfer oscillator to reduce the uncertainty of the link between a strontium optical lattice clock and the SI second. Read More

We have carried out dual-comb spectroscopy and observed in a simultaneous acquisition a 140-THz-wide spectrum from 1.0 to 1.9 {\mu}m using two fiber-based frequency combs phase-locked to each other. Read More

We demonstrate a compact iodine-stabilized laser operating at 531 nm using a coin-sized light source consisting of a 1062-nm distributed-feedback diode laser and a frequency-doubling element. A hyperfine transition of molecular iodine is observed using the light source with saturated absorption spectroscopy. The light source is frequency stabilized to the observed iodine transition and achieves frequency stability at the 10$^{-12}$ level. Read More

We investigate phonon transport in perovskite strontium titanate (SrTiO3) which is stable above its phase transition temperature (~105 K) by using first-principles molecular dynamics and anharmonic lattice dynamics. Unlike conventional ground-state-based perturbation methods that give imaginary phonon frequencies, the current calculation reproduces stable phonon dispersion relations observed in experiments. We find the contribution of optical phonons to overall lattice thermal conductivity is larger than 60%, markedly different from the usual picture with dominant contribution from acoustic phonons. Read More

With the accurate cosmic ray (CR) electron and positron spectra (denoted as $\Phi_{\rm e^{-}}$ and $\Phi_{\rm e^{+}}$, respectively) measured by AMS-02 collaboration, the difference between the electron and positron fluxes (i.e., $\Delta \Phi=\Phi_{\rm e^{-}}-\Phi_{\rm e^{+}}$), dominated by the propagated primary electrons, can be reliably inferred. Read More

We study the implications of the Higgs discovery and of recent results from dark matter searches on real singlet scalar dark matter. The phenomenology of the model is defined by only two parameters, the singlet scalar mass $m_S$ and the quartic coupling $a_2$ between the SU(2) Higgs and the singlet scalar. We concentrate on the window $5 < m_S/{\rm GeV} < 300$. Read More

Several groups have analyzed the publicly-available Fermi-LAT data and reported a spatially extended $\gamma-$ray excess of around $1-3$ GeV from the region surrounding the Galactic Center that might originate from annihilation of dark matter particles with a rest mass $m_\chi \sim 30-40$ GeV. In this work we examine the role of the diffuse Galactic gamma ray emission (DGE) templates played in suppressing the GeV excess. For such a purpose, we adopt in total 128 background templates that have been generated by Ackermann et al. Read More

The frequency ratio of the 1S0(F=1/2)-3P0(F=1/2) clock transition in 171Yb and the 1S0(F=9/2)-3P0(F=9/2) clock transition in 87Sr is measured by an optical-optical direct frequency link between two optical lattice clocks. We determined the ratio (\nu_{Yb}/\nu_{Sr}) to be 1.207 507 039 343 340 4(18) with a fractional uncertainty of 1. Read More

We perform spectroscopic observations of the 698-nm clock transition in $^{87}$Sr confined in an optical lattice using a laser linewidth transfer technique. A narrow-linewidth laser interrogating the clock transition is prepared by transferring the linewidth of a master laser (1064 nm) to that of a slave laser (698 nm) with a high-speed controllable fiber-based frequency comb. The Fourier-limited spectrum is observed for an 80-ms interrogating pulse. Read More

The dark matter distribution in the very inner region of our Galaxy is still in debate. In the N-body simulations a cuspy dark matter halo density profile is favored. Several dissipative baryonic processes however are found to be able to significantly flatten dark matter distribution and a cored dark matter halo density profile is possible. Read More

The first result of AMS-02 confirms the positron fraction excess observed by PAMELA, but the spectrum is somewhat softer than that of PAMELA. In the dark matter (DM) interpretation it brings a tension between AMS-02 and Fermi-LAT, which reported an excess of the electron plus positron flux. In this work we point out that the asymmetric cosmic ray from asymmetric dark matter (ADM) decay relaxes the tension. Read More

It is known that cross-correlation between the random intensity fluctuations of two lasers forming electromagnetically-induced transparency (EIT) exhibits a transition from correlation to anticorrelation. We study the linewidth behavior of this transition and have found the linewidth is below the (effective) coherence lifetime limit and is only limited by competing noises. We established a numerical model which reveals the linewidth dependence on laser linewidth and laser power. Read More

The data collected by ATIC, CREAM and PAMELA all display remarkable cosmic-ray-nuclei spectrum hardening above the magnetic rigidity $\sim$ 240 GV. One natural speculation is that the primary electron spectrum also gets hardened (possibly at $\sim 80$ GV) and the hardening partly accounts for the electron/positron total spectrum excess discovered by ATIC, HESS and Fermi-LAT. If it is the case, the increasing behavior of the subsequent positron-to-electron ratio will get flattened and the spectrum hardening should be taken into account in the joint fit of the electron/psoitron data otherwise the inferred parameters will be biased. Read More

The interlayer coupling of twisted bilayer graphene could markedly affect its electronic band structure. A current challenge required to overcome in experiment is how to precisely control the coupling and therefore tune the electronic properties of the bilayer graphene. Here, we describe a facile method to modulate the local interlayer coupling by adsorption of single molecule magnets onto the twisted bilayer graphene and report the characterization of its electronic band structure using scanning tunneling microscopy and spectroscopy. Read More

Recently, several groups identified a tentative $\gamma$-ray line signal with energy $\sim 130$ GeV in the central Galaxy from the Fermi-LAT data. %The morphology study shows that the signal is consistent with dark matter %annihilation, but with an offset $\sim 220$ pc ($1.5^{\circ}$) of the %center from the Galactic center Sgr A$^{\star}$, Such a $\gamma-$ray line can be interpreted as the signal of dark matter annihilation. Read More

Flat bands play an important role in the study of strongly correlated phenomena, such as ferromagnetism, superconductivity, and fractional quantum Hall effect. Here we report direct experimental evidence for the presence of flat bands, close to the Fermi level, in one-dimensional topological defects on graphite seen as a pronounced peak in the tunnelling density of states. Our ab initio calculations indicate that the flat bands with vanishing Fermi velocity originate from sp2 dangling bonds (with antibonding nature) of undercoordinated carbon atoms at the edges of the defects. Read More

Recent studies show that two low-energy Van Hove singularities (VHSs) seen as two pronounced peaks in the density of states (DOS) could be induced in twisted graphene bilayer. Here, we report angle dependent VHSs of slightly twisted graphene bilayer studied by scanning tunneling microscopy and spectroscopy. We show that energy difference of the two VHSs follows \DeltaEvhs ~ \hbar{\nu}F\DeltaK between 1. Read More

Recently, a tentative 130 GeV $\gamma$-ray line signal was identified by quite a few groups. If correct it would constitute a ``smoking gun'' for dark matter annihilations. Interestingly, the spectra of the cosmic ray electrons detected by PAMELA and Fermi-LAT both show tiny wiggle-like structure at $\sim 100$ GeV, which might indicate a weak signal of the annihilation of $\sim 130$ GeV dark matter particles into electrons/positrons with a velocity-weighted cross section $\langle\sigma v\rangle_{\rm \chi\chi\rightarrow e^{+}e^{-}} \sim 4\times10^{-26}~{\rm cm^{3}~s^{-1}}$. Read More

A new parameterization for the dark energy equation of state(EoS) is proposed and some of its cosmological consequences are also investigated. This new parameterization is the modification of Efstathiou' dark energy EoS parameterization. $w (z)$ is a well behaved function for $z\gg1$ and has same behavior in $z$ at low redshifts with Efstathiou' parameterization. Read More

It has been proposed that ultracompact minihalos (UCMHs) might be formed in earlier epoch. If dark matter consists of Weakly Interacting Massive Particles (WIMPs), UCMHs can be treated as the {\gamma}-ray sources due to dark matter annihilation within them. In this paper, we investigate the contributions of UCMHs formed during three phase transi- tions (i. Read More

The globular clusters are probably good targets for dark matter (DM) searches in $\gamma$-rays due to the possible adiabatic contraction of DM by baryons. In this work we analyse the three-year data collected by {\it Fermi} Large Area Telescope of globular clusters NGC 6388 and M 15 to search for possible DM signals. For NGC 6388 the detection of $\gamma$-ray emission was reported by {\it Fermi} collaboration, which is consistent with the emission of a population of millisecond pulsars. Read More

We report scanning tunneling microscopy (STM) and spectroscopy (STS) of twisted graphene bilayer on SiC substrate. For twist angle ~ 4.5o the Dirac point ED is located about 0. Read More

A frequency-stabilized light source emitting at 556 nm is realized by frequency-doubling a 1112-nm laser, which is phase-locked to a fiber-based optical frequency comb. The 1112-nm laser is either an ytterbium (Yb)-doped distributed feedback fiber laser or a master-slave laser system that uses an external cavity diode laser as a master laser. We have achieved the continuous frequency stabilization of the light source over a five-day period. Read More

We simulate the localized surface plasmon resonances of an Au nanoparticle within tunneling proximity of a Au substrate and demonstrate that the modes may be identified with those responsible for light emission from a scanning tunneling microscope. Relative to the modes of an isolated nanoparticle these modes show significant red-shifting, extending further into the infrared with increasing radius, primarily due to a proximity-induced lowering of the effective bulk plasmon frequency. Spatial mapping of the field enhancement factor shows an oscillatory variation of the field, absent in the case of a dielectric substrate; also the degree of localization of the modes, and thus the resolution achievable electromagnetically, is shown to depend primarily on the nanoparticle radius with only a weak dependence on wavelength. Read More

We demonstrate a one-dimensional optical lattice clock with ultracold 171Yb atoms, which is free from the linear Zeeman effect. The absolute frequency of the 1S0(F = 1/2) - 3P0(F = 1/2) clock transition in 171Yb is determined to be 518 295 836 590 864(28) Hz with respect to the SI second. Read More

A stable light source obtained using sum-frequency generation (SFG) is developed for high-resolution spectroscopy at 578 nm. Hyperfine transitions of molecular iodine are observed by using the SFG light source with saturation spectroscopy. The light source is frequency stabilized to the observed hyperfine transition and achieves a stability of 2*10-12 for a 1-s averaging time. Read More

We demonstrate a one-dimensional optical lattice clock with a spin-polarized fermionic isotope designed to realize a collision-shift-free atomic clock with neutral atom ensembles. To reduce systematic uncertainties, we developed both Zeeman shift and vector light-shift cancellation techniques. By introducing both an H-maser and a Global Positioning System (GPS) carrier phase link, the absolute frequency of the $^1S_0(F=9/2) - {}^3P_0(F=9/2)$ clock transition of the $^{87}$Sr optical lattice clock is determined as 429,228,004,229,875(4) Hz, where the uncertainty is mainly limited by that of the frequency link. Read More