L. Ye - North Carolina State University

L. Ye
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L. Ye
North Carolina State University
United States

Pubs By Year

Pub Categories

Physics - Materials Science (11)
Quantum Physics (10)
Mathematics - Number Theory (7)
Physics - Mesoscopic Systems and Quantum Hall Effect (7)
Nuclear Experiment (5)
High Energy Physics - Experiment (3)
High Energy Physics - Phenomenology (3)
Computer Science - Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition (3)
Physics - Strongly Correlated Electrons (3)
Mathematics - Spectral Theory (2)
Mathematics - Algebraic Geometry (2)
Mathematics - Optimization and Control (1)
Mathematics - History and Overview (1)
Mathematics - Combinatorics (1)
Physics - Accelerator Physics (1)
Nuclear Theory (1)
Cosmology and Nongalactic Astrophysics (1)
Computer Science - Networking and Internet Architecture (1)
Physics - Classical Physics (1)
Quantitative Biology - Quantitative Methods (1)
Physics - Chemical Physics (1)
Physics - Computational Physics (1)

Publications Authored By L. Ye

A charging method for electric vehicle using multi battery series mode which consisted of the following steps was introduced: the battery series is firstly charged at a constant power with a charging current of I1. When the terminal voltage over the battery series has reached the 1st threshold voltage, the charging current will reduce to I2 and the power remains constant. When the terminal voltage over the battery series has reached the 2nd threshold voltage, the charging current will reduce to I3 and the power remains constant (the 2nd threshold voltage is larger than 1st threshold voltage). Read More

In this letter, we investigate how to enhance quantum entanglement under an open Dirac system with Hawking effect in Schwarzschild space-time. Specifically, we explore the scenario that particle A hold by Alice undergoes generalized amplitude damping noise in a flat space-time and another particle B by Bob entangled with A is in the Schwarzschild space-time. Then, we put forward a feasible physical scheme for recovering quantum entanglement by prior weak measurement on subsystem A before the interaction with the dissipative environment followed by post filtering operation. Read More

In this work, there are two parties, Alice on Earth and Bob on the satellite, which initially share an entangled state, and some open problems, which emerge during quantum steering that Alice remotely steers Bob, are investigated. Our analytical results indicate that all entangled pure states and maximally entangled evolution states (EESs) are steerable, and not every entangled evolution state is steerable and some steerable states are only locally correlated. Besides, quantum steering from Alice to Bob experiences a "sudden death" with increasing decoherence strength. Read More

We completely classify the possible extensions between semistable vector bundles on the Fargues-Fontaine curve (over an algebraically closed perfectoid field), in terms of a simple condition on Harder-Narasimhan polygons. Our arguments rely on a careful study of various moduli spaces of bundle maps, which we define and analyze using Scholze's language of diamonds. This analysis reduces our main results to a somewhat involved combinatorial problem, which we then solve via a reinterpretation in terms of the euclidean geometry of Harder-Narasimhan polygons. Read More

The acute sensitivity of the electrical resistance of certain systems to magnetic fields known as extreme magnetoresistance (XMR) has recently been explored in a new materials context with topological semimetals. Exemplified by WTe$_{2}$ and rare earth monopnictide La(Sb,Bi), these systems tend to be non-magnetic, nearly compensated semimetals and represent a platform for large magnetoresistance driven by intrinsic electronic structure. Here we explore electronic transport in magnetic members of the latter family of semimetals and find that XMR is strongly modulated by magnetic order. Read More

The uncertainty relation is a fundamental limit in quantum mechanics and is of great importance to quantum information processing as it relates to quantum precision measurement. Due to interactions with the surrounding environment, a quantum system will unavoidably suffer from decoherence. Here, we investigate the dynamic behaviors of the entropic uncertainty relation of an atom-cavity interacting system under a bosonic reservoir during the crossover between Markovian and non-Markovian regimes. Read More

Network Function Virtualization (NFV) has the potential to significantly reduce the capital and operating expenses, shorten product release cycle, and improve service agility. In this paper, we focus on minimizing the total number of Virtual Network Function (VNF) instances to provide a specific service (possibly at different locations) to all the flows in a network. Certain network security and analytics applications may allow fractional processing of a flow at different nodes (corresponding to datacenters), giving an opportunity for greater optimization of resources. Read More

The Letter reports an experimental observation of the classical version of valley polarized states in a two-dimensional hexagonal sonic crystal, where the inversion-symmetry breaking of scatterers induces an omnidirectional frequency gap. The acoustic valley states, which carry specific linear momenta and orbital angular momenta, were selectively excited by external Gaussian beams and conveniently confirmed by the pressure distribution outside the crystal, according to the criterion of momentum conservation. The vortex nature of such intriguing crystal states was directly characterized by scanning the phase profile inside the crystal. Read More

This paper investigates the impact of dark pools on price discovery (the efficiency of prices on stock exchanges to aggregate information). Assets are traded in either an exchange or a dark pool, with the dark pool offering better prices but lower execution rates. Informed traders receive noisy and heterogeneous signals about an asset's fundamental. Read More

Large Deformation Diffeomorphic Metric Mapping (LDDMM) is a widely used deformable registration algorithm for computing smooth invertible maps between various types of anatomical shapes such as landmarks, curves, surfaces or images. In this work, we specifically focus on the case of images and adopt an optimal control point of view so as to extend the original LDDMM with Sum of Squared Differences (SSD) matching term to a framework more robust to intensity variations, which is critical for cross-modality registration. We implement a mutual information based LDDMM (MI-LDDMM) algorithm and demonstrate its superiority to SSD-LDDMM in aligning 2D phantoms with differing intensity profiles. Read More

In this letter, the dynamic behavior of Einstein-Podolsky-Rosen (EPR) steering and its redistribution under the relativistic motion are investigated. The investigation results have shown that EPR steering from Alice to Bob-I experiences a sudden death with increasing acceleration parameter \beta\ when \alpha\ is approximately less than 0.6. Read More

We propose to measure the photo-production cross section of $J/{\psi}$ near threshold, in search of the recently observed LHCb hidden-charm resonances $P_c$(4380) and $P_c$(4450) consistent with 'pentaquarks'. The observation of these resonances in photo-production will provide strong evidence of the true resonance nature of the LHCb states, distinguishing them from kinematic enhancements. A bremsstrahlung photon beam produced with an 11 GeV electron beam at CEBAF covers the energy range of $J/{\psi}$ production from the threshold photo-production energy of 8. Read More

Measuring the local temperature of nanoscale systems out of equilibrium has emerged as a new tool to study local heating effects and other local thermal properties of systems driven by external fields. Although various experimental protocols and theoretical definitions have been proposed to determine the local temperature, the thermodynamic meaning of the measured or defined quantities remains unclear. By performing analytical and numerical analysis of bias-driven quantum dot systems both in the noninteracting and strongly-correlated regimes, we elucidate the underlying physical meaning of local temperature as determined by two definitions: the zero-current condition that is widely used but not measurable, and the minimal-perturbation condition that is experimentally realizable. Read More

A theoretical scheme is presented for the adiabatic generation of N-quNit singlet states with $N\geqslant3$, which may be more feasible than previous ones in a cavity. In this proposal, the system may be robust both parameter fluctuations and dissipation along a dark state. In addition, quantum information is only stored in atomic ground states and there is no energy exchanged between atoms and photons in a cavity so as to reduce the influence of atomic spontaneous emission and cavity decays. Read More


MeV-GeV dark matter (DM) is theoretically well motivated but remarkably unexplored. This proposal presents the MeV-GeV DM discovery potential for a $\sim$1 m$^3$ segmented CsI(Tl) scintillator detector placed downstream of the Hall A beam-dump at Jefferson Lab, receiving up to 10$^{22}$ electrons-on-target (EOT) in 285 days. This experiment (Beam-Dump eXperiment or BDX) would be sensitive to elastic DM-electron and to inelastic DM scattering at the level of 10 counts per year, reaching the limit of the neutrino irreducible background. Read More

Based on the Huygens-Fresnel principle, a metasurface structure is designed to generate a sound vortex beam in airborne environment. The metasurface is constructed by a thin planar plate perforated with a circular array of deep subwavelength resonators with desired phase and amplitude responses. The metasurface approach in making sound vortices is validated well by full-wave simulations and experimental measurements. Read More

In the presence of a magnetic field frustrated spin systems may exhibit plateaus at fractional values of saturation magnetization. Such plateau states are stabilized by classical and quantum mechanisms including order-by-disorder, triplon crystallization, and various competing order effects. In the case of electrically conducting systems, free electrons represent an incisive probe for the plateau states. Read More

The CLARITY method renders brains optically transparent to enable high-resolution imaging in the structurally intact brain. Anatomically annotating CLARITY brains is necessary for discovering which regions contain signals of interest. Manually annotating whole-brain, terabyte CLARITY images is difficult, time-consuming, subjective, and error-prone. Read More

The tunnel magnetoresistance (TMR) in the magnetic tunnel junction (MTJ) with embedded nanoparticles (NPs) was calculated in range of the quantum-ballistic model. The simulation was performed for electron tunneling through the insulating layer with embedded magnetic and nonmagnetic NPs within the approach of the double barrier subsystem connected in parallel to the single barrier one. This model can be applied for both MTJs with in-plane magnetization and perpendicular one. Read More

Despite of its huge successes in vast amount of applications, the Kohn-Sham scheme of density functional theory (DFT-Kohn-Sham) has not been able to get reliable ionization potentials (IP) for semiconductors, due to self-interaction error in the local density approximation (LDA) and generalized gradient approximations (GGA), and the difficulty of using asymptotically long-ranged potentials for surface calculations. An approximate optimize effective potential (OEP), the Becke-Johnson'06 exchange, is used to explore the capability of OEP to calculate semiconductor IP with a surface technique suitable for both short- and long-ranged potentials. Combined with the LDA correlation, the approximate OEP has achieved an IP accuracy for 17 semiconductors which is similar to the much more sophisticated $GW$ approximation (GWA), with the computational cost of only LDA/GGA. Read More

The [111]-oriented InAs/GaSb and GaSb/InAs core-shell nanowires have been studied by the $8\times 8$ Luttinger-Kohn $\vec{k}\cdot\vec{p}$ Hamiltonian to search for non-vanishing fundamental gaps between inverted electron and hole bands. We focus on the variations of the topologically nontrivial fundamental gap, the hybridization gap, and the effective gap with the core radius and shell thickness of the nanowires. The evolutions of all the energy gaps with the structural parameters are shown to be dominantly governed by quantum size effects. Read More

The diagonal Born-Oppenheimer correction (DBOC) stems from the diagonal second derivative coupling term in the adiabatic representation, and it can have an arbitrary large magnitude when a gap between neighbouring Born-Oppenheimer (BO) potential energy surfaces (PESs) is closing. Nevertheless, DBOC is typically neglected in mixed quantum-classical methods of simulating nonadiabatic dynamics (e.g. Read More

In this paper, we attempt the theoretical modeling of the magnetic tunnel junctions with embedded magnetic and nonmagnetic nanoparticles (NPs). A few abnormal tunnel magnetoresistance (TMR) effects, observed in related experiments, can be easily simulated within our model: we found, that the suppressed TMR magnitudes and the TMR sign-reversing effect at small voltages are related to the electron momentum states of the NP located inside the insulating layer. All these TMR behaviors can be explained within the tunneling model, where NP is simulated as a quantum well (QW). Read More

Moving object detection is a key to intelligent video analysis. On the one hand, what moves is not only interesting objects but also noise and cluttered background. On the other hand, moving objects without rich texture are prone not to be detected. Read More

In this paper, the generalized eigenvalue complementarity problem for tensors (GEiCP-T) is addressed, which arises from the stability analysis of finite dimensional mechanical systems and find applications in differential dynamical systems. The general properties of the (GEiCP-T) have been studied. We establish its relationship with the generalized tensor eigenvalue problem. Read More

Magnetic vortices have generated intense interest in recent years due to their unique reversal mechanisms, fascinating topological properties, and exciting potential applications. Additionally, the exchange coupling of magnetic vortices to antiferromagnets has also been shown to lead to a range of novel phenomena and functionalities. Here we report a new magnetization reversal mode of magnetic vortices in exchange coupled Ir20Mn80/Fe20Ni80 microdots: distorted viscous vortex reversal. Read More

Herein, we present a feasible, general protocol for quantum communication within a network via generalized remote preparation of an arbitrary $m$-qubit entangled state designed with genuine tripartite Greenberger--Horne--Zeilinger-type entangled resources. During the implementations, we construct novel collective unitary operations; these operations are tasked with performing the necessary phase transfers during remote state preparations. We have distilled our implementation methods into a five-step procedure, which can be used to faithfully recover the desired state during transfer. Read More

Probes that measure the local thermal properties of systems out of equilibrium are emerging as new tools in the study of nanoscale systems. One can then measure the temperature of a probe that is weakly coupled to a bias-driven system. By tuning the probe temperature so that the expectation value of some observable of the system is minimally perturbed, one obtains a parameter that measures its degree of local statistical excitation, and hence its local heating. Read More

The Kohn-Sham orbital kinetic energy density $\tau_\sigma(\vec{r}) = \sum_{i} w_{i\sigma} \big|\nabla \psi_{i\sigma}(\vec{r}) \big|^2$ is one fundamental quantity for constructing meta-generalized gradient approximations (meta-GGA) for use by density functional theory. We present a computational scheme of $\tau_\sigma(\vec{r})$ for full-potential linearized augmented plane wave method. Our scheme is highly accurate and efficient and easy to implement to existing computer code. Read More

We report a quantum magnetotransport signature of a change in Fermi surface topology in the Rashba semiconductor BiTeI with systematic tuning of the Fermi level $E_F$. Beyond the quantum limit, we observe a marked increase/decrease in electrical resistivity when $E_F$ is above/below the Dirac node that we show originates from the Fermi surface topology. This effect represents a measurement of the electron distribution on the low-index ($n=0,-1$) Landau levels and is uniquely enabled by the finite bulk $k_z$ dispersion along the $c$-axis and strong Rashba spin-orbit coupling strength of the system. Read More

We present a strategy for implementing multiparty-controlled remote state preparation (MCRSP) for a family of four-qubit cluster-type states with genuine entanglements while employing, Greenberg-Horne-Zeilinger-class states as quantum channels. In this scenario, the encoded information is transmitted from the sender to a spatially separated receiver via the control of multi-party. Predicated on the collaboration of all participants, the desired state can be entirely restored within the receiver's place with high success probability by application of appropriate local operations and necessary classical communication . Read More

The parity-violating asymmetries between a longitudinally-polarized electron beam and an unpolarized deuterium target have been measured recently. The measurement covered two kinematic points in the deep inelastic scattering region and five in the nucleon resonance region. We provide here details of the experimental setup, data analysis, and results on all asymmetry measurements including parity-violating electron asymmetries and those of inclusive pion production and beam-normal asymmetries. Read More

Combined first order reversal curve (FORC) analyses of the magnetization (M-FORC) and magnetoresistance (MR-FORC) have been employed to provide a comprehensive study of the M-MR correlation in two canonical systems: a NiFe/Cu/FePt pseudo spin-valve (PSV) and a [Co/Cu]8 multilayer. In the PSV, due to the large difference in switching fields and minimal interactions between the NiFe and FePt layers, the M and MR show a simple one-to-one relationship during reversal. In the [Co/Cu]8 multilayer, the correlation between the magnetization reversal and MR evolution is more complex. Read More

In this paper, we give a further study on $B$-tensors and introduce doubly $B$-tensors that contain $B$-tensors. We show that they have similar properties, including their decompositions and strong relationship with strictly (doubly) diagonally dominated tensors. As an application, the properties of $B$-tensors are used to localize real eigenvalues of some tensors, which would be very useful in verifying the positive semi-definiteness of a tensor. Read More

We demonstrate current-induced bipolar switching in in-plane magnetized spin-valve devices that incorporate a perpendicularly magnetized spin polarizing layer. Further, hysteretic transitions into a state with intermediate resistance occur at high currents, again for both current polarities. These transitions are shown to be consistent with a macrospin model that considers a spin-polarized current that is tilted with respect to the free layer plane, due to the presence of spin-transfer torque from the polarizing layer. Read More

Let $p(n)$ be the partition function. Ahlgren and Ono conjectured that every arithmetic progression contains infinitely many integers $N$ for which $p(N)$ is not congruent to $0\pmod{3}$. Radu proved this conjecture in 2010 using work of Deligne and Rapoport. Read More

Let $f(z)=\sum_{n=1}^\infty \lambda_f(n)e^{2\pi i n z}\in S_{k}^{new}(\Gamma_0(N))$ be a normalized Hecke eigenform of even weight $k\geq2$ on $\Gamma_0(N)$ without complex multiplication. Let $\mathbb{P}$ denote the set of all primes. We prove that the sequence $\{\lambda_f(p)\}_{p\in\mathbb{P}}$ does not satisfy Benford's Law in any base $b\geq2$. Read More

The Green-Tao Theorem, one of the most celebrated theorems in modern number theory, states that there exist arbitrarily long arithmetic progressions of prime numbers. In a related but different direction, a recent theorem of Shiu proves that there exist arbitrarily long strings of consecutive primes that lie in any arithmetic progression that contains infinitely many primes. Using the techniques of Shiu and Maier, this paper generalizes Shiu's Theorem to certain subsets of the primes such as primes of the form $\lfloor \pi n\rfloor$ and some of arithmetic density zero such as primes of the form $\lfloor n\log\log n\rfloor$. Read More

In his striking 1995 paper, Borcherds found an infinite product expansion for certain modular forms with CM divisors. In particular, this applies to the Hilbert class polynomial of discriminant $-d$ evaluated at the modular $j$-function. Among a number of powerful generalizations of Borcherds' work, Zagier made an analogous statement for twisted versions of this polynomial. Read More

Concave compositions are ordered partitions whose parts are decreasing towards a central part. We study the distribution modulo $a$ of the number of concave compositions. Let $c(n)$ be the number of concave compositions of $n$ having even length. Read More

Let $M(x)=\sum_{1\le n\le x}\mu(n)$ where $\mu$ is the M\"obius function. It is well-known that the Riemann Hypothesis is equivalent to the assertion that $M(x)=O(x^{1/2+\epsilon})$ for all $\epsilon>0$. There has been much interest and progress in further bounding $M(x)$ under the assumption of the Riemann Hypothesis. Read More

Let $P_1,P_2,P_3$ be three given points in $\mathbf{R}^2$, and $P$ be an arbitrary point in $\mathbf{R}^2$. The classical Fermat's problem to Torricelli asks for the location of the point $P$ such that $|PP_1|+|PP_2|+|PP_3|$ is a minimum. There exist several elegant geometrical solutions in the literature. Read More

Persistent confusion has existed between the intrinsic (Berry curvature) and the side jump mechanisms of anomalous Hall effect (AHE) in ferromagnets. We provide unambiguous identification of the side jump mechanism, in addition to the skew scattering contribution in epitaxial paramagnetic Ni$_{34}$Cu$_{66}$ thin films, in which the intrinsic contribution is by definition excluded. Furthermore, the temperature dependence of the AHE further reveals that the side jump mechanism is dominated by the elastic scattering. Read More

We propose practical schemes for concentrating entanglement of a pair of unknown partially entangled Bell states and three-photon W states with cross-Kerr nonlinearity. In the schemes, utilizing local operations and classical communication, two separated parties can obtain one maximally entangled photon pair from two previously shared partially entangled photon pairs, and three separated parties can obtain one maximally entangled three-photon W state and a maximally entangled cluster state from two identical partially entangled three-photon W state with a certain success probability. Finally, we discuss the influences of sources of errors and decoherence on the schemes. Read More

The thermopower of few-electron quantum dots with Kondo correlations is investigated via a hierarchial equations of motion approach. The thermopower is determined by the line shape of spectral function within a narrow energy window defined by temperature. Based on calculations and analyses on single-level and two-level Anderson impurity models, the underlying relations between thermopower and various types of electron correlations are elaborated. Read More

We report on parity-violating asymmetries in the nucleon resonance region measured using $5 - 6$ GeV longitudinally polarized electrons scattering off an unpolarized deuterium target. These results are the first parity-violating asymmetry data in the resonance region beyond the $\Delta(1232)$, and provide a verification of quark-hadron duality in the nucleon electroweak $\gamma Z$ interference structure functions at the (10-15)% level. The results are of particular interest to models relevant for calculating the $\gamma Z$ box-diagram corrections to elastic parity-violating electron scattering measurements. Read More

We solve a problem of Komeda concerning the proportion of numerical semigroups which do not satisfy Buchweitz' necessary criterion for a semigroup to occur as the Weierstrass semigroup of a point on an algebraic curve. We also show that the family of semigroups known to be Weierstrass semigroups using a result of Eisenbud and Harris, has zero density in the set of all semigroups. In the process, we prove several more general results about the structure of a typical numerical semigroup. Read More

Affiliations: 1North Carolina State U., 2North Carolina State U., 3North Carolina State U., 4North Carolina State U., 5North Carolina State U., 6North Carolina State U., 7North Carolina State U., 8North Carolina State U., 9North Carolina State U., 10North Carolina State U.

This paper reviews the status of high temperature superconductors for high field magnets for future devices such as a high energy LHC or a muon collider. Some of the primary challenges faced for the implementation of systems are discussed. Two conductor technologies, Bi$_2$Sr$_2$CaCu$_2$O$_{8+x}$ and YBa$_2$Cu$_3$O$_{7-\delta}$, have emerged as high field conductor options, but their relative advantages and disadvantages for high field magnets are quite different. Read More

A dynamically constrained coalescence model based on the phase space quantization and classical limit method was proposed to investigate the production of light nuclei (anti-nuclei) in non-single diffractive (NSD) pp collisions at $\sqrt{s}$=7 and 14 TeV. This calculation was based on the final hadronic state in the PYTHIA and PACIAE model simulations, the event sample consisted of 1.2$\times 10^8$ events in both simulations. Read More

The parity-violating cross-section asymmetry in the elastic scattering of polarized electrons from unpolarized protons has been measured at a four-momentum transfer squared Q2 = 0.624 GeV and beam energy E =3.48 GeV to be A_PV = -23. Read More