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Kyoung Hee Kim
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Kyoung Hee Kim
South Korea

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Physics - Mesoscopic Systems and Quantum Hall Effect (10)
General Relativity and Quantum Cosmology (8)
Physics - Optics (4)
High Energy Physics - Theory (4)
Physics - Materials Science (4)
Physics - Strongly Correlated Electrons (3)
Cosmology and Nongalactic Astrophysics (3)
Mathematics - Combinatorics (2)
Astrophysics (2)
Physics - Disordered Systems and Neural Networks (2)
Physics - Other (1)
Computer Science - Networking and Internet Architecture (1)
Mathematics - Probability (1)
Quantum Physics (1)
Physics - Medical Physics (1)
Mathematics - Statistics (1)
Astrophysics of Galaxies (1)
Statistics - Theory (1)
Mathematics - Metric Geometry (1)
Computer Science - Neural and Evolutionary Computing (1)
Mathematics - Rings and Algebras (1)

Publications Authored By Kyoung Hee Kim

In this paper, we address a problem of safe and efficient intersection crossing traffic management of autonomous and connected ground traffic. Toward this objective, we propose an algorithm that is called the Discrete-time occupancies trajectory based Intersection traffic Coordination Algorithm (DICA). We first prove that the basic DICA is deadlock free and also starvation free. Read More

Authors: Derek Ward-Thompson, Kate Pattle, Pierre Bastien, Ray S. Furuya, Woojin Kwon, Shih-Ping Lai, Keping Qiu, David Berry, Minho Choi, Simon Coudé, James Di Francesco, Thiem Hoang, Erica Franzmann, Per Friberg, Sarah F. Graves, Jane S. Greaves, Martin Houde, Doug Johnstone, Jason M. Kirk, Patrick M. Koch, Jungmi Kwon, Chang Won Lee, Di Li, Brenda C. Matthews, Joseph C. Mottram, Harriet Parsons, Andy Pon, Ramprasad Rao, Mark Rawlings, Hiroko Shinnaga, Sarah Sadavoy, Sven van Loo, Yusuke Aso, Do-Young Byun, Eswariah Chakali, Huei-Ru Chen, Mike C. -Y. Chen, Wen Ping Chen, Tao-Chung Ching, Jungyeon Cho, Antonio Chrysostomou, Eun Jung Chung, Yasuo Doi, Emily Drabek-Maunder, Stewart P. S. Eyres, Jason Fiege, Rachel K. Friesen, Gary Fuller, Tim Gledhill, Matt J. Griffin, Qilao Gu, Tetsuo Hasegawa, Jennifer Hatchell, Saeko S. Hayashi, Wayne Holland, Tsuyoshi Inoue, Shu-ichiro Inutsuka, Kazunari Iwasaki, Il-Gyo Jeong, Ji-hyun Kang, Miju Kang, Sung-ju Kang, Koji S. Kawabata, Francisca Kemper, Gwanjeong Kim, Jongsoo Kim, Kee-Tae Kim, Kyoung Hee Kim, Mi-Ryang Kim, Shinyoung Kim, Kevin M. Lacaille, Jeong-Eun Lee, Sang-Sung Lee, Dalei Li, Hua-bai Li, Hong-Li Liu, Junhao Liu, Sheng-Yuan Liu, Tie Liu, A-Ran Lyo, Steve Mairs, Masafumi Matsumura, Gerald H. Moriarty-Schieven, Fumitaka Nakamura, Hiroyuki Nakanishi, Nagayoshi Ohashi, Takashi Onaka, Nicolas Peretto, Tae-Soo Pyo, Lei Qian, Brendan Retter, John Richer, Andrew Rigby, Jean-François Robitaille, Giorgio Savini, Anna M. M. Scaife, Archana Soam, Motohide Tamura, Ya-Wen Tang, Kohji Tomisaka, Hongchi Wang, Jia-Wei Wang, Anthony P. Whitworth, Hsi-Wei Yen, Hyunju Yoo, Jinghua Yuan, Chuan-Peng Zhang, Guoyin Zhang, Jianjun Zhou, Lei Zhu, Philippe André, C. Darren Dowell, Sam Falle, Yusuke Tsukamoto

We present the first results from the B-fields In STar-forming Region Observations (BISTRO) survey, using the Sub-millimetre Common-User Bolometer Array 2 (SCUBA-2) camera, with its associated polarimeter (POL-2), on the James Clerk Maxwell Telescope (JCMT) in Hawaii. We discuss the survey's aims and objectives. We describe the rationale behind the survey, and the questions which the survey will aim to answer. Read More

The Rashba effect leads to a chiral precession of the spins of moving electrons while the Dzyaloshinskii-Moriya interaction (DMI) generates preference towards a chiral profile of local spins. We predict that the exchange interaction between these two spin systems results in a 'chiral' magnetoresistance depending on the chirality of the local spin texture. We observe this magnetoresistance by measuring the domain wall (DW) resistance in a uniquely designed Pt/Co/Pt zigzag wire, and by changing the chirality of the DW with applying an in-plane magnetic field. Read More

We theoretically analyze contributions from the Kondo effect to the spin polarization and spin diffusion length in all-metal nonlocal spin valves. Interdiffusion of ferromagnetic atoms into the normal metal layer creates a region in which Kondo physics plays a significant role, giving discrepancies between experiment and existing theory. We start from a simple model and construct a modified spin drift-diffusion equation which clearly demonstrates how the Kondo physics not only suppresses the electrical conductivity but even more strongly reduces the spin diffusion length. Read More

We demonstrate Ar+ irradiation at the 100 eV scale as a technique for spatially tuning the Dzyaloshinskii-Moriya interaction (DMI) in Pt/Co/Pt trilayers. The irradiation energy determines the sign and magnitude of the DMI independently from magnetic anisotropy, allowing us to vary the DMI while holding the coercive field constant. This independence, which we measure by super-resolution magneto-optical Kerr effect microscopy, emphasizes the different physical origins of these effects. Read More

We compute the magnetocrystalline anisotropy energy within two-dimensional Rashba models. For a ferromagnetic free-electron Rashba model, the magnetic anisotropy is exactly zero regardless of the strength of the Rashba coupling, unless only the lowest band is occupied. For this latter case, the model predicts in-plane anisotropy. Read More

It is at the heart of modern condensed matter physics to investigate the role of a topological structure in anomalous transport phenomena. In particular, chiral anomaly turns out to be the underlying mechanism for the negative longitudinal magnetoresistivity in a Weyl metal phase. Existence of a dissipationless current channel causes enhancement of electric currents along the direction of a pair of Weyl points or applied magnetic fields ($B$). Read More

We show experimental and theoretical evidence that BiTeI hosts a novel disordered metallic state named diffusive helical Fermi liquid (DHFL), characterized by a pair of concentric spin-chiral Fermi surfaces with negligible inter-valley scattering. Key experimental observations are extreme disparity of the mobility between inner and outer helical Fermi surfaces near the Weyl point and existence of the so called universal scaling behavior for the Hall resistivity. Although the extreme enhancement of the inner-Fermi-surface mobility near the Weyl point is quantitatively explained within the self-consistent Born approximation, the existence of universal scaling in the Hall resistivity shows its breakdown, implying necessity of mass renormalization in the inner Fermi-surface beyond the independent electron picture. Read More

The paper derives saddlepoint expansions for conditional expectations in the form of $\mathsf{E}[\overline{X} | \overline{\mathbf Y} = {\mathbf a}]$ and $\mathsf{E}[\overline{X} | \overline{\mathbf Y} \geq {\mathbf a}]$ for the sample mean of a continuous random vector $(X, {\mathbf Y}^\top)$ whose joint moment generating function is available. Theses conditional expectations frequently appear in various applications, particularly in quantitative finance and risk management. Using the newly developed saddlepoint expansions, we propose fast and accurate methods to compute the sensitivities of risk measures such as value-at-risk and conditional value-at-risk, and the sensitivities of financial options with respect to a market parameter. Read More

A finite subset $Y$ on the unit sphere $S^{n-1} \subseteq \mathbb{R}^n$ is called a spherical design of harmonic index $t$, if the following condition is satisfied: $\sum_{\mathbf{x}\in Y}f(\mathbf{x})=0$ for all real homogeneous harmonic polynomials $f(x_1,\ldots,x_n)$ of degree $t$. Also, for a subset $T$ of $\mathbb{N} = \{1,2,\cdots \}$, a finite subset $Y\subset S^{n-1}$ is called a spherical design of harmonic index $T,$ if $\sum_{\mathbf{x}\in Y}f(\mathbf{x})=0$ is satisfied for all real homogeneous harmonic polynomials $f(x_1,\ldots,x_n)$ of degree $k$ with $k\in T$. In the present paper we first study Fisher type lower bounds for the sizes of spherical designs of harmonic index $t$ (or for harmonic index $T$). Read More

The aim of this study is to set up statistical quality control for monitoring of volumetric modulated arc therapy (VMAT) delivery error using machine log data. Eclipse and Clinac iX linac with the RapidArc system (Varian Medical Systems, Palo Alto, USA) is used for delivery of the VMAT plan. During the delivery of the RapidArc fields, the machine determines the delivered motor units (MUs) and gantry angle position accuracy and the standard deviations of MU (sigma_MU; dosimetric error) and gantry angle (sigma_GA; geometric error) are displayed on the console monitor after completion of the RapidArc delivery. Read More

We derive an intrinsic contribution to the non-adiabatic spin torque for non-uniform magnetic textures. It differs from previously considered contributions in several ways and can be the dominant contribution in some models. It does not depend on the change in occupation of the electron states due to the current flow but rather is due to the perturbation of the electronic states when an electric field is applied. Read More

Role of localized magnetic moments in metal-insulator transitions lies at the heart of modern condensed matter physics, for example, the mechanism of high T$_{c}$ superconductivity, the nature of non-Fermi liquid physics near heavy fermion quantum criticality, the problem of metal-insulator transitions in doped semiconductors, and etc. Dilute magnetic semiconductors have been studied for more than twenty years, achieving spin polarized electric currents in spite of low Curie temperatures. Replacing semiconductors with topological insulators, we propose the problem of dilute magnetic topological semiconductors. Read More

For positive integers $m$ and $n$, we denote by $\mathrm{BH}(m,n)$ the set of all $H\in M_{n\times n}(\mathbb{C})$ such that $HH^\ast=nI_n$ and each entry of $H$ is an $m$-th root of unity where $H^\ast$ is the adjoint matrix of $H$ and $I_n$ is the identity matrix. For $H_1,H_2\in \mathrm{BH}(m,n)$ we say that $H_1$ is \textit{equivalent} to $H_2$ if $H_1=PH_2 Q$ for some monomial matrices $P, Q$ whose nonzero entries are $m$-th roots of unity. In this paper we classify $\mathrm{BH}(17,17)$ up to equivalence by computer search. Read More

In this paper we study Cartan subalgebras in general and special linear algebras over a field of positive characteristic. We determined the conjugacy classes of Cartan subalgebras under the general linear groups, and count the explicit number of all Cartan subalgebras from its conjugacy when the base field is an arbitrary finite field. Read More

As nanomagnetic devices scale to smaller sizes, spin-orbit coupling due to the broken structural inversion symmetry at interfaces becomes increasingly important. Here we study interfacial spin-orbit coupling effects in magnetic bilayers using a simple Rashba model. The spin-orbit coupling introduces chirality into the behavior of the electrons and through them into the energetics of the magnetization. Read More

We investigate the linearly and quadratically coupled cubic Galileon models that include linear potentials. These models may explain the late-time acceleration. In these cases, we need two equations of state parameter named the native and effective equations of state to test whether the universe is accelerating or not because there is coupling between the cold dark matter and Galileon. Read More

Rodriguez-Fortuno et al. (19 April 2013, p. 330) reported the unidirectional excitation of electromagnetic guided modes via the oblique illumination of a circularly polarized light. Read More

A spin-polarized current transfers its spin-angular momentum to a local magnetization, exciting current-induced magnetization dynamics. So far, most studies in this field have focused on the direct effect of spin transport on magnetization dynamics, but ignored the feedback from the magnetization dynamics to the spin transport and back to the magnetization dynamics. Although the feedback is usually weak, there are situations when it can play an important role in the dynamics. Read More

We define a special class of hybrid automata, called Deterministic and Transversal Linear Hybrid Automata (DTLHA), whose continuous dynamics in each location are linear time-invariant (LTI) with a constant input, and for which every discrete transition up to a given bounded time is deterministic and, importantly, transversal. For such a DTLHA starting from an initial state, we show that it is possible to compute an approximation of the reach set of a DTLHA over a finite time interval that is arbitrarily close to the exact reach set, called a bounded epsilon-reach set, through sampling and polyhedral over-approximation of sampled states. We propose an algorithm and an attendant architecture for the overall bounded epsilon-reach set computation process. Read More

We theoretically study the current-induced dynamics of a transverse magnetic domain wall in bi-layer nanowires consisting of a ferromagnet on top of a nonmagnet having strong spin-orbit coupling. Domain wall dynamics is characterized by two threshold current densities, $J_{th}^{WB}$ and $J_{th}^{REV}$, where $J_{th}^{WB}$ is a threshold for the chirality switching of the domain wall and $J_{th}^{REV}$ is another threshold for the reversed domain wall motion caused by spin Hall effect. Domain walls with a certain chirality may move opposite to the electron-flow direction with high speed in the current range $J_{th}^{REV} < J < J_{th}^{WB}$ for the system designed to satisfy the conditions $J_{th}^{WB} > J_{th}^{REV}$ and \alpha > \beta, where \alpha is the Gilbert damping constant and \beta is the nonadiabaticity of spin torque. Read More

Magnetization dynamics in a ferromagnet can induce a spin-dependent electric field through spin motive force. Spin current generated by the spin-dependent electric field can in turn modify the magnetization dynamics through spin-transfer torque. While this feedback effect is usually weak and thus ignored, we predict that in Rashba spin-orbit coupling systems with large Rashba parameter $\alpha_{\rm R}$, the coupling generates the spin-dependent electric field [$\pm(\alpha_{\rm R}m_e/e\hbar) (\vhat{z}\times \partial \vec{m}/\partial t)]$, which can be large enough to modify the magnetization dynamics significantly. Read More

Ultrathin magnetic systems have properties qualitatively different from their thicker counterparts, implying that different physics governs their properties. We demonstrate that various such properties can be explained naturally by the Rashba spin-orbit coupling in ultrathin magnetic systems. This work will be valuable for the development of next generation spintronic devices based on ultrathin magnetic systems. Read More

We reexamine the massive graviton dark matter scenario (MGCDM) which was recently considered as an alternative to dark energy models. When introducing the native and effective equations of state (EoS), it is shown that there is no phantom phase in the evolution toward the far past. Also we show that the past accelerating phase arises from the interaction between massive graviton and cold dark matter. Read More

Spin motive force is a spin-dependent force on conduction electrons induced by magnetization dynamics. In order to examine its effects on magnetization dynamics, it is indispensable to take into account spin accumulation, spin diffusion, and spin-flip scattering since the spin motive force is in general nonuniform. We examine the effects of all these on the way the spin motive force generates the charge and spin currents in conventional situations, where the conduction electron spin relaxation dynamics is much faster than the magnetization dynamics. Read More

We investigate the issues of future oscillations around the phantom divide for $f(R)$ gravity. For this purpose, we introduce two types of energy density and pressure arisen from the $f(R)$-higher order curvature terms. One has the conventional energy density and pressure even in the beginning of the Jordan frame, whose continuity equation provides the native equation of state $w_{\rm DE}$. Read More

We investigate the Brans-Dicke (BD) theory with the potential as cosmological model to explain the present accelerating universe. In this work, we consider the BD field as a perfect fluid with the energy density and pressure in the Jordan frame. Introducing the power-law potential and the interaction with the cold dark matter, we obtain the phantom divide which is confirmed by the native and effective equation of state. Read More

This paper considers multi-dimensional affine processes with continuous sample paths. By analyzing the Riccati system, which is associated with affine processes via the transform formula, we fully characterize the regions of exponents in which exponential moments of a given process do not explode at any time or explode at a given time. In these two cases, we also compute the long-term growth rate and the explosion rate for exponential moments. Read More

Current-induced domain wall motion in magnetic nanowires is affected by thermal fluctuation. In order to account for this effect, the Landau-Lifshitz-Gilbert equation includes a thermal fluctuation field and literature often utilizes the fluctuation-dissipation theorem to characterize statistical properties of the thermal fluctuation field. However, the theorem is not applicable to the system under finite current since it is not in equilibrium. Read More

From the explicit solutions of Maxwell's equations under the coordinate transformation, the conditions for non-reflecting boundaries for the two-dimensionally propagating light waves, in a finite-embedded coordinate transformation metamaterial slab are derived in cases of extended two-dimensional. By exploring several examples, including some reported in the literatures and some novel developed in this study, we show that our approach can be used to efficiently determine the condition in which a finite-embedded coordinate transformed metamaterial slab is non-reflecting. Read More

Affiliations: 1Kunsan Nat'l Univ., 2Kunsan Nat'l Univ., 3KORDI
Category: Quantum Physics

Dunkel and Trigger [Phys. Rev. A {71}, 052102 (2005)] show that the Leipnik's joint entropy monotonously increases for the initially maximally classical Gaussian wave packet for a free particle. Read More

Due to the advancement of computing and communication technology, networked control systems may soon become prevalent in many control applications. While the capability of employing the communication network in the control loop certainly provides many benefits, it also raises several challenges which need to be overcome to utilize the benefits. In this chapter, we focus on one major challenge: a middleware framework that enables a networked control system to be implemented. Read More

We study the Ricci dark energy model (RDE) which was introduced as an alternative to the holographic dark energy model. We point out that an accelerating phase of the RDE is that of a constant dark energy model. This implies that the RDE may not be a new model of explaining the present accelerating universe. Read More

We study cosmological perturbations in the context of an interacting dark energy model, where the holographic dark energy with IR cutoff decays into the cold dark matter (CDM). For this purpose, we introduce three IR cutoffs of Hubble horizon, particle horizon, and future event horizon. Here we present small perturbations under the case that effective equation of state (EOS: $\omega^{\rm eff}$) for the holographic energy density is determined to be the same negative constant as that for the CDM. Read More

We investigate the agegraphic dark energy models which were recently proposed to explain the dark energy-dominated universe. For this purpose, we calculate their equation of states and squared speeds of sound. We find that the squared speed for agegraphic dark energy is always negative. Read More

We investigate a model of brane cosmology to find a unified description of the radiation-matter-dark energy universe. It is of the interacting holographic dark energy with a bulk-holographic matter $\chi$. This is a five-dimensional cold dark matter, which plays a role of radiation on the brane. Read More

The magnetization (M) as a function of temperature (T) from 2 to 300 K and in-plane field (H) up to 1 kOe, room temperature easy and hard direction in-plane field hysteresis loops for fields between -100 and +100 Oe, and 10 GHz ferromagnetic resonance (FMR) profiles have been measured for a series of soft-magnetic nano-crystalline 50 nm thick Fe-Ti-N films made by magnetron sputtering in an in-plane field. The nominal titanium concentration was 3 at. % and the nitrogen concentrations (xN) ranged from zero to 12. Read More

We report the results of spectroscopic mapping observations carried out toward the Herbig-Haro objects HH7-11 and HH54 over the 5.2 - 37 micron region using the Infrared Spectrograph of the Spitzer Space Telescope. These observations have led to the detection and mapping of the S(0) - S(7) pure rotational lines of molecular hydrogen, together with emissions in fine structure transitions of Ne+, Si+, S, and Fe+. Read More