Kohji Matsumoto

Kohji Matsumoto
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Mathematics - Number Theory (30)

Publications Authored By Kohji Matsumoto

Assuming a conjecture on distinct zeros of Dirichlet L-functions we get asymptotic results on the average number of representations of an integer as the sum of two primes in arithmetic progression. On the other hand the existence of good error terms gives information on the the location of zero free regions of L-functions and possible Siegel zeros. Similar results are obtained for an integer in a congruence class expressed as the sum of two primes. Read More

We give new closed and explicit formulas for special values at non-positive integer points of generalized Euler-Zagier multiple zeta-functions and its partially twisted analogues. In the non-twisted case, we first prove these formulas for a small convenient class of these multiple zeta-functions and then use the analyticity of the values on the parameters defining the multiple zeta-functions to deduce the formulas in the general case. Also, for our aim we prove an extension of "Raabe's lemma" due to E. Read More

We prove a mixed joint discrete universality theorem for a Matsumoto zeta-function $\varphi(s)$ (belonging to the Steuding subclass) and a periodic Hurwitz zeta-function $\zeta(s,\alpha;{\mathfrak{B}})$. For this purpose, certain independence condition for the parameter $\alpha$ and the minimal step of discrete shifts of these functions is assumed. This paper is a continuation of authors' works [12] and [arXiv:1601. Read More

We study the behavior of zero-divisors of the double zeta-function $\zeta_2(s_1,s_2)$. In our former paper \cite{MatSho14} we studied the case $s_1=s_2$, but in the present paper we consider the more general two variable situation. We carry out numerical computations in order to trace the behavior of zero-divisors. Read More

We consider the value distribution of the difference between logarithms of two symmetric power $L$-functions at $s=\sigma > 1/2$. We prove that certain averages of those values can be written as integrals involving a density function which is constructed explicitly. Read More

We give explicit expressions (or at least an algorithm of obtaining such expressions) of the coefficients of the Laurent series expansions of the Euler-Zagier multiple zeta-functions at any integer points. The main tools are the Mellin-Barnes integral formula and the harmonic product formulas. The Mellin-Barnes integral formula is used in the induction process on the number of variables, and the harmonic product formula is used to show that the Laurent series expansion outside the domain of convergence can be obtained from that inside the domain of convergence. Read More

Two remarks related with the mixed joint universality for a polynomial Euler product and a periodic Hurwitz zeta-function with a transcendental parameter are given. One is the mixed joint functional independence, and the other is a generalized universality, which includes several periodic Hurwitz zeta-functions. Read More

We construct $p$-adic multiple $L$-functions in several variables, which are generalizations of the classical Kubota-Leopoldt $p$-adic $L$-functions, by using a specific $p$-adic measure. Our construction is from the $p$-adic analytic side of view, and we establish various fundamental properties of these functions. Read More

We introduce the method of desingularization of multi-variable multiple zeta-functions (of the generalized Euler-Zagier type), under the motivation of finding suitable rigorous meaning of the values of multiple zeta-functions at non-positive integer points. We reveal that multiple zeta-functions (which are known to be meromorphic in the whole space with infinitely many singular hyperplanes) turn to be entire on the whole space after taking the desingularization. The desingularized function is given by a suitable finite `linear' combination of multiple zeta-functions with some arguments shifted. Read More

In the former part of this paper, we summarize our previous results on infinite series involving the hyperbolic sine function, especially, with a focus on the hyperbolic sine analogue of Eisenstein series. Those are based on the classical results given by Cauchy, Mellin and Kronecker. In the latter part, we give new formulas for some infinite series involving the hyperbolic cosine function. Read More

We introduce certain lattice sums associated with hyperplane arrangements, which are (multiple) sums running over integers, and can be regarded as generalizations of certain linear combinations of zeta-functions of root systems. We also introduce generating functions of special values of those lattice sums, and study their properties by virtue of the theory of convex polytopes. Consequently we evaluate special values of those lattice sums, especially certain special values of zeta-functions of root systems and their affine analogues. Read More

We survey the results and the methods in the theory of universality for various zeta and $L$-functions, obtained in these forty years after the first discovery of the universality for the Riemann zeta-function by Voronin. Read More

We study analytic properties of multiple zeta-functions of generalized Hurwitz-Lerch type. First, as a special type of them, we consider multiple zeta-functions of generalized Euler-Zagier-Lerch type and investigate their analytic properties which were already announced in our previous paper. Next we give `desingularization' of multiple zeta-functions of generalized Hurwitz-Lerch type, which include those of generalized Euler-Zagier-Lerch type, the Mordell-Tornheim type, and so on. Read More

The distribution of the zeros of the Euler double zeta-function $\zeta_2(s_1,s_2)$, in the case when $s_1=s_2$, is studied numerically. Some similarity to the distribution of the zeros of Hurwitz zeta-functions is observed. Read More

We first survey the known results on functional equations for the double zeta-function of Euler type and its various generalizations. Then we prove two new functional equations for double series of Euler-Hurwitz-Barnes type with complex coefficients. The first one is of general nature, while the second one is valid when the coefficients are Fourier coefficients of a cusp form. Read More

This paper deals with a multiple version of zeta- and L-functions both in the complex case and in the p-adic case: [I] Our motivation in the complex case is to find suitable rigorous meaning of the values of multivariable multiple zeta-functions (MZFs) at non-positive integer points. (a) We reveal that MZFs turn to be entire on the whole space after taking the desingularization. Further we show that the desingularized function is given by a suitable finite linear combination of MZFs with some arguments shifted. Read More

We prove two types of functional equations for double series of Euler type with complex coefficients. The first one is a generalization of the functional equation for the Euler double zeta-function, proved in a former work of the second-named author. The second one is more specific, which is proved when the coefficients are Fourier coefficients of cusp forms and the modular relation is essentially used in the course of the proof. Read More

We study the values of the zeta-function of the root system of type $G_2$ at positive integer points. In our previous work we considered the case when all integers are even, but in the present paper we prove several theorems which include the situation when some of the integers are odd. The underlying reason why we may treat such cases including odd integers is also discussed. Read More

We study multiple zeta values (MZVs) from the viewpoint of zeta-functions associated with the root systems which we have studied in our previous papers. In fact, the $r$-ple zeta-functions of Euler-Zagier type can be regarded as the zeta-function associated with a certain sub-root system of type $C_r$. Hence, by the action of the Weyl group, we can find new aspects of MZVs which imply that the well-known formula for MZVs given by Hoffman and Zagier coincides with Witten's volume formula associated with the above sub-root system of type $C_r$. Read More

We prove asymptotic formulas for mean square values of the Euler double zeta-function $\zeta_2(s_0,s)$, with respect to $\Im s$. Those formulas enable us to propose a double analogue of the Lindel{\"o}f hypothesis. Read More

We study zeta-functions of weight lattices of compact connected semisimple Lie groups of type $A_3$. Actually we consider zeta-functions of SU(4), SO(6) and PU(4), and give some functional relations and new classes of evaluation formulas for them. Read More

We prove a formula of Petersson's type for Fourier coefficients of Siegel cusp forms of degree 2 with respect to congruence subgroups, and as a corollary, show upper bound estimates of individual Fourier coefficient. The method in this paper is essentially a generalization of Kitaoka's previous work which studied the full modular case, but some modification is necessary to obtain estimates which are sharp with respect to the level aspect. Read More

We prove sum formulas for double polylogarithms of Hurwitz type, that is, involving a shifting parameter $b$ in the denominator. These formulas especially imply well-known sum formulas for double zeta values, and sum formulas for double $L$-values. Further, differentiating in $b$, we obtain a kind of weighted sum formula for double polylogarithms and double $L$-values. Read More

We study the natural boundary of a random Dirichlet series associated with Goldbach numbers. Read More

We define zeta-functions of weight lattices of compact connected semisimple Lie groups. If the group is simply-connected, these zeta-functions coincide with ordinary zeta-functions of root systems of associated Lie algebras. In this paper we consider the general connected (but not necessarily simply-connected) case, prove the explicit form of Witten's volume formulas for these zeta-functions, and further prove functional relations among them which include their volume formulas. Read More

In the former part of this paper, we give functional equations for Barnes multiple zeta-functions and consider some relevant results. In particular, we show that Ramanujan's classical formula for the Riemann zeta values can be derived from functional equations for Barnes zeta-functions. In the latter half part, we generalize some evaluation formulas of certain series involving hyperbolic functions in terms of Bernoulli polynomials. Read More

We consider certain double series of Eisenstein type involving hyperbolic-sine functions. We define certain generalized Hurwitz numbers, in terms of which we evaluate those double series. Our main results can be regarded as a certain generalization of well-known results of Hurwitz, Herglotz, Katayama and so on. Read More

The shuffle product plays an important role in the study of multiple zeta values. This is expressed in terms of multiple integrals, and also as a product in a certain non-commutative polynomial algebra over the rationals in two indeterminates. In this paper, we give a new interpretation of the shuffle product. Read More

In our previous work, we established the theory of multi-variable Witten zeta-functions, which are called the zeta-functions of root systems. We have already considered the cases of types $A_2$, $A_3$, $B_2$, $B_3$ and $C_3$. In this paper, we consider the case of $G_2$-type. Read More

We prove certain general forms of functional relations among Witten multiple zeta-functions in several variables (or zeta-functions of root systems). The structural background of those functional relations is given by the symmetry with respect to Weyl groups. From those relations we can deduce explicit expressions of values of Witten zeta-functions at positive even integers, which is written in terms of generalized Bernoulli numbers of root systems. Read More