Kiran Singh

Kiran Singh
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Kiran Singh

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Physics - Materials Science (13)
Physics - Strongly Correlated Electrons (12)
Physics - Fluid Dynamics (3)
Physics - Other (1)
Physics - Chemical Physics (1)
Physics - Soft Condensed Matter (1)

Publications Authored By Kiran Singh

The temperature (T) dependent x-ray diffraction (XRD) and resistivity measurements of La0.175Pr0.45Ca0. Read More

The low-temperature and high-magnetic field (2K, 8T) powder x-ray diffraction (LTHM-XRD) measurements have been carried out at different temperatures (T) and magnetic fields (H) to investigate the structural phase diagram for phase separated La0.175Pr0.45Ca0. Read More

We consider the effect of evaporation on the aggregation of a number of elastic objects due to a liquid's surface tension. In particular, we consider an array of spring--block elements in which the gaps between blocks are filled by thin liquid films that evaporate during the course of an experiment. Using lubrication theory to account for the fluid flow within the gaps, we study the dynamics of aggregation. Read More

We have carried out dc magnetization (M), heat-capacity (C) and dielectric studies down to 2K for the compound GdCrTiO5, crystallizing in orthorhombic Pbam structure, in which well-known multiferroics RMn2O5 (R= Rare-earths) form. The points of emphasis are: (i) The magnetic ordering temperature of Cr appears to be suppressed compared to that in isostructural Nd counterpart, NdCrTiO5, for which the Neel temperature is about 21 K. This finding on the Gd compound suggests that Nd 4f orbital plays a role on the magnetism of Cr in contrast to a proposal long ago. Read More

We report the existence of ferromagnetic correlations (FMC) in paramagnetic (PM) matrix of cubic La1-xSrxMnO3-{\delta} (x = 0.80, 0.85) well above its coupled structural, magnetic and electronic phase transitions. Read More

We report the magnetic, heat-capacity, dielectric and magnetodielectric (MDE) behaviour of a Haldane spin-chain compound containing light rare-earth ion, Nd2BaNiO5, in detail, as a function of temperature (T) and magnetic field (H) down to 2 K. In addition to the well-known long range antiferromagnetic order setting in at (T_N=) 48 K as indicated in dc magnetization (M), we have observed another magnetic transition near 10 K; this transition appears to be of a glassy-type which vanishes with a marginal application of external magnetic field (even H= 100 Oe). There are corresponding anomalies in dielectric constant as well with variation of T. Read More

We have recently reported that the Haldane spin-chain system, Er2BaNiO5, undergoing antiferromagnetic order below 32 K, is characterized by the onset of ferroelectricity near 60K due to magnetoelectric coupling induced by short-range magnetic-order within spin-chains. We have carried out additional magnetic and dielectric studies to understand the properties well below antiferromagnetic ordering temperature. We emphasize here on the following: (i) A strong frequency dependent behaviors of ac magnetic susceptibility and complex dielectric properties have been observed at much lower temperatures (below 8 K), that is, reentrant multiglass-like phenomenon, naturally suggesting the existence of an additional transition well below Neel temperature; ii) Magnetoelectric phase coexistence is observed at very low temperature (e. Read More

We have investigated the magnetic, dielectric and magnetodielectric (MDE) behavior of a geometrically frustrated spin-chain system, Ca3Co1.4Rh0.6O6, in the single crystalline form for different orientations. Read More

Observation of ferroelectricity among non-d0 systems, which was believed for a long time an unrealistic concept, led to various proposals for the mechanisms to explain the same (i.e. magnetically induced ferroelectricity) during last decade. Read More

We report that the spin-chain compound Dy2BaNiO5 recently proven to exhibit magnetoelectric coupling below its Neel temperature (T_N) of 58 K, exhibits strong frequency-dependent behavior in ac magnetic susceptibility and complex dielectric properties at low temperatures (<10K), mimicking 'reentrant' multiglass phenomenon. Such a behavior is not known among undoped compounds. A new finding in the field of multiferroics is that the characteristic magnetic feature at such low temperatures moves towards higher temperatures in the presence of a magnetic-field (H), whereas the corresponding dielectric feature shifts towards lower temperatures with H, unlike the situation near T_N. Read More

We bring out novel dielectric behavior of a spin-chain compound, Ca3Co2O6, undergoing Neel order at (T_N=) 24 K. It is found that the virgin curve in the plot of isothermal dielectric constant versus magnetic-field lies outside the 'butterfly-shaped' envelope curve well below T_N (e.g. Read More

We have systematically investigated the influence of gradual replacement of Ca by Gd on the magnetic and complex dielectric properties of the well-known geometrically frustrated spin-chain system, Ca3Co2O6 (T_N= 24 K with additional magnetic transitions below 12K), by studying the series, Ca3-xGdxCo2O6 (x less than 0.7), down to 1.8K. Read More

We present a fluid-mechanical model of the coalescence of a number of elastic objects due to surface tension. We consider an array of spring-block elements separated by thin liquid films, whose dynamics are modelled using lubrication theory. With this simplified model of elastocapillary coalescence, we present the results of numerical simulations for a large number of elements, $N=O(10^4)$. Read More

We performed magnetic and ferroelectric measurements, associated with Landau theory and symmetry analysis, in order to clarify the situation of the YMnO3 system, a classical example of type I multiferroics. We found that the only magnetic group compatible with all experimental data (neutrons scattering, magnetization,polarization, dielectric constant, second harmonic generation) is the P6'3 group. In this group a small ferromagnetic component along c is induced by the Dzyaloshinskii-Moriya interaction, and observed here in SQUID magnetization measurements. Read More

We report the results of various measurements, namely magnetization, complex dielectric permittivity and electric polarization (P) on Dy2BaNiO5 as a function of temperature (T) and magnetic-field (H), apart from heat-capacity (C), with the primary motivation of exploring the existence of magnetoelectric (ME) coupling among Haldane spin-chain systems. The M(T) and C(T) data establish long range magnetic ordering at 58K. The most noteworthy observations are: (i) Distinct anomalies are observed in dielectric constant ({\epsilon}') vs T and loss (tan{\delta}) vs T at different temperatures, i. Read More

The problem of energy harvesting from flutter instabilities in flexible slender structures in axial flows is considered. In a recent study, we used a reduced order theoretical model of such a system to demonstrate the feasibility for harvesting energy from these structures. Following this preliminary study, we now consider a continuous fluid-structure system. Read More

We performed magnetic and ferroelectric measurements, first principle calculations and Landau theory analysis on hexagonal YMnO3. The polarization and the AFM order parameter were found to present different temperature dependence at TN. A linear coupling between these two order parameters is thus forbidden in the Landau theory and P63cm cannot be the magnetic group. Read More

Ferroelectricity in the incommensurate helical magnetic phase (below TN, 43K) of alpha CaCr2O4 has been confirmed by pyroelectric measurements. Magnetoelectric and magnetodielectric coupling exist below TN and are proportional to the square of magnetic field. From symmetry analysis, we suggest that the presence of an external electric field destabilizes the symmetrical 2221' phase and stabilizes 21' symmetry. Read More

Dielectric response has been studied for a new manganocuprate, Gd3Ba2Mn2Cu2O12 (Gd3222) as a function of temperature (100 - 300 K) and frequency (75 kHz to 1 MHz). The dielectric constant (e) exhibits a two step increase (two peaks) in e(T) with increasing temperature from 100 to 300 K. The first peak is seen around 150 K and the second one around 210 K (both for 75 kHz). Read More

The manganocuprate compound Gd3Ba2Mn2Cu2O12 (Gd-3222) has been synthesized by conventional solid state reaction method and its magnetic behavior has been studied by dc and ac magnetization (M) and heat capacity (C) measurements as a function of temperature (T). This compound crystallizes in a tetragonal structure (space group I4/mmm). We find that this compound exhibits three magnetic transitions, around 2. Read More