# Kang Li - ITP-Cas

## Contact Details

NameKang Li |
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AffiliationITP-Cas |
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## Pubs By Year |
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## Pub CategoriesHigh Energy Physics - Theory (20) Physics - Mesoscopic Systems and Quantum Hall Effect (11) Physics - Materials Science (7) Mathematics - Operator Algebras (7) Mathematics - Metric Geometry (5) Quantum Physics (4) Mathematics - Group Theory (4) Mathematics - K-Theory and Homology (4) Physics - General Physics (3) Mathematical Physics (3) Mathematics - Mathematical Physics (3) General Relativity and Quantum Cosmology (2) Physics - Disordered Systems and Neural Networks (2) High Energy Physics - Phenomenology (2) Physics - Strongly Correlated Electrons (2) Computer Science - Computational Complexity (1) Mathematics - Statistics (1) Mathematics - Rings and Algebras (1) Statistics - Theory (1) Computer Science - Distributed; Parallel; and Cluster Computing (1) Computer Science - Neural and Evolutionary Computing (1) Statistics - Applications (1) |

## Publications Authored By Kang Li

We study the uniform Roe algebras associated to locally finite groups. We show that for two countable locally finite groups $\Gamma$ and $\Lambda$, the associated uniform Roe algebras $C^*_u(\Gamma)$ and $C^*_u(\Lambda)$ are $*$-isomorphic if and only if their $K_0$ groups are isomorphic as ordered abelian groups with units. This can be seen as a non-separable non-simple analogue of the Glimm-Elliott classification of UHF algebras. Read More

Uniform Roe algebras are $C^*$-algebras associated to discrete metric spaces: as well as forming a natural class of $C^*$-algebras in their own right, they have important applications in coarse geometry, dynamics, and higher index theory. The goal of this paper is to study when uniform Roe algebras have certain $C^*$-algebraic properties in terms of properties of the underlying space: in particular, we study properties like having stable rank one or real rank zero that are thought of as low dimensional, and connect these to low dimensionality of the underlying space in the sense of the asymptotic dimension of Gromov. Some of these results (for example, on stable rank one and cancellation) give definitive characterizations, while others (on real rank zero) are only partial and leave a lot open. Read More

The main purpose of this paper is to modify the orbit method for the Baum-Connes conjecture as developed by Chabert, Echterhoff and Nest in their proof of the Connes-Kasparov conjecture for almost connected groups \cite{MR2010742} in order to deal with linear algebraic groups over local function fields (i.e., non-archimedean local fields of positive characteristic). Read More

Using the D0-D4/D8 brane model holographically, we compute the vacuum decay rate for the Schwinger effect in the bubble and black brane configuration which corresponds to the confined (zero temperature) and deconfined (finite temperature) phase respectively in the large $N_{c}$ QCD. Our calculation contains the influence of the D0-brane density which could be holographically related to $\theta$ angle or chiral potential in QCD. Under the strong electromagnetic fields, the creation of a pair of quark-antiquark introduces the instability and the decay rate can be obtained by evaluating the imaginary part of the probe brane Lagrangian with a constant electromagnetic field. Read More

In this article we analyze the notions of amenability and paradoxical decomposition from an algebraic perspective. We consider this dichotomy for locally finite extended metric spaces and for general algebras over commutative fields. In the context of algebras we also study the relation of amenability with proper infiniteness. Read More

The quantized version of the anomalous Hall effect has been predicted to occur in magnetic topological insulators, but the experimental realization has been challenging. Here, we report the observation of the quantum anomalous Hall (QAH) effect in thin films of Cr-doped (Bi,Sb)2Te3, a magnetic topological insulator. At zero magnetic field, the gate-tuned anomalous Hall resistance reaches the predicted quantized value of h/e^2,accompanied by a considerable drop of the longitudinal resistance. Read More

We give some new characterizations of exactness for locally compact second countable groups. In particular, we prove that a locally compact second countable group is exact if and only if it admits a topologically amenable action on a compact Hausdorff space. This answers an open question by Anantharaman-Delaroche. Read More

We study the spin currents induced by topological screw dislocation and cosmic dispiration. By using the extended Drude model, we find that the spin dependent forces are modified by the nontrivial geometry. For the topological screw dislocation, only the direction of spin current is bended by deforming the spin polarization vector. Read More

The existence of gapless Dirac surface band of a three dimensional (3D) topological insulator (TI) is guaranteed by the non-trivial topological character of the bulk band, yet the surface band dispersion is mainly determined by the environment near the surface. In this Letter, through in-situ angle-resolved photoemission spectroscopy (ARPES) and the first-principles calculation on 3D TI-based van der Waals heterostructures, we demonstrate that one can engineer the surface band structures of 3D TIs by surface modifications without destroying their topological non-trivial property. The result provides an accessible method to independently control the surface and bulk electronic structures of 3D TIs, and sheds lights in designing artificial topological materials for electronic and spintronic purposes. Read More

The interference model has been widely used and studied in block experiments where the treatment for a particular plot has effects on its neighbor plots. In this paper, we study optimal circular designs for the proportional interference model, in which the neighbor effects of a treatment are proportional to its direct effect. Kiefer's equivalence theorems for estimating both the direct and total treatment effects are developed with respect to the criteria of A, D, E and T. Read More

For the problem whether Graphic Processing Unit(GPU),the stream processor with high performance of floating-point computing is applicable to neural networks, this paper proposes the parallel recognition algorithm of Convolutional Neural Networks(CNNs).It adopts Compute Unified Device Architecture(CUDA)technology, definite the parallel data structures, and describes the mapping mechanism for computing tasks on CUDA. It compares the parallel recognition algorithm achieved on GPU of GTX200 hardware architecture with the serial algorithm on CPU. Read More

We give a contractive Schur multiplier characterization of locally compact groups coarsely embeddable into Hilbert spaces. Consequently, all locally compact groups whose weak Haagerup constant is 1 embed coarsely into Hilbert spaces, and hence the Baum-Connes assembly map with coefficients is split-injective for such groups. Read More

We report transport studies on (Bi,Sb)2Te3 topological insulator thin films with tunable electronic band structure. We find a doping and temperature regime in which the Hall coefficient is negative indicative of electron-type carriers, whereas the Seebeck coefficient is positive indicative of hole-type carriers. This sign anomaly is due to the distinct transport behaviors of the bulk and surface states: the surface Dirac fermions dominate magnetoelectric transport while the thermoelectric effect is mainly determined by the bulk states. Read More

**Authors:**Cui-Zu Chang, Zuocheng Zhang, Kang Li, Xiao Feng, Jinsong Zhang, Minghua Guo, Yang Feng, Jing Wang, Li-Li Wang, Xu-Cun Ma, Xi Chen, Yayu Wang, Ke He, Qi-Kun Xue

It is crucial for the studies of the transport properties and quantum effects related to Dirac surface states of three-dimensional topological insulators (3D TIs) to be able to simultaneously tune the chemical potentials of both top and bottom surfaces of a 3D TI thin film. We have realized this in molecular beam epitaxy-grown thin films of 3D TIs, as well as magnetic 3D TIs, by fabricating dual-gate structures on them. The films could be tuned between n-type and p-type by each gate alone. Read More

Despite of many measures applied for determine the difference between two groups of observations, such as mean value, median value, sample stan- dard deviation and so on, we propose a novel non parametric transformation method based on Mallows distance to investigate the location and variance differences between the two groups. The convexity theory of this method is constructed and thus it is a viable alternative for data of any distribu- tions. In addition, we are able to establish the similar method under other distance measures, such as Kolmogorov-Smirnov distance. Read More

**Authors:**Cui-Zu Chang, Peizhe Tang, Yi-Lin Wang, Xiao Feng, Kang Li, Zuocheng Zhang, Yayu Wang, Li-Li Wang, Xi Chen, Chaoxing Liu, Wenhui Duan, Ke He, Xu-Cun Ma, Qi-Kun Xue

**Category:**Physics - Materials Science

With angle-resolved photoemission spectroscopy, gap-opening is resolved at up to room temperature in the Dirac surface states of molecular beam epitaxy grown Cr-doped Bi2Se3 topological insulator films, which however show no long-range ferromagnetic order down to 1.5 K. The gap size is found decreasing with increasing electron doping level. Read More

**Authors:**Zuocheng Zhang, Xiao Feng, Minghua Guo, Kang Li, Jinsong Zhang, Yunbo Ou, Yang Feng, Lili Wang, Xi Chen, Ke He, Xucun Ma, Qikun Xue, Yayu Wang

The Dirac-like surface states of the topological insulators (TIs) are protected by time reversal symmetry (TRS) and exhibit a host of novel properties. Introducing magnetism into TI, which breaks the TRS, is expected to create exotic topological magnetoelectric effects. A particularly intriguing phenomenon in this case is the magnetic field dependence of electrical resistance, or magnetoresistance (MR). Read More

In this paper we consider the class of connected simple Lie groups equipped with the discrete topology. We show that within this class of groups the following approximation properties are equivalent: (1) the Haagerup property; (2) weak amenability; (3) the weak Haagerup property. In order to obtain the above result we prove that the discrete group GL(2,K) is weakly amenable with constant 1 for any field K. Read More

If $H$ is a lattice in a locally compact second countable group $G$, then we show that $G$ has property A (respectively is coarsely embeddable into Hilbert space) if and only if $H$ has property A (respectively is coarsely embeddable into Hilbert space). Moreover, we show three interesting generalizations of this result. If $H$ is a closed subgroup of $G$ that is co-amenable in $G$, and if $H$ has property A (respectively, is coarsely embeddable into Hilbert space), then we show that $G$ has property A (respectively, is coarsely embeddable into Hilbert space). Read More

For locally compact groups, we define an analogue to Yu's property A that he defined for discrete metric spaces. We show that our property A for locally compact groups agrees with Roe's notion of property A for proper metric spaces, defined in \cite{R05}. We prove that many of the results that are known to hold in the discrete setting, hold also in the locally compact setting. Read More

We study the influence of topological defect on the spin current as well as the spin Hall effect. We find that the nontrivial deformation of the space-time due to topological defect can generate a spin dependent current which then induces an imbalanced accumulation of spin states on the edges of sample. The corresponding spin-Hall conductivity has also been calculated for the topological defect of a cosmic string. Read More

In this paper, we establish a theory of Special Relativity valid for the entire speed range without the assumption of constant speed of light. Two particles species are defined, one species of particles have rest frames with rest mass, and another species of particles do not have rest frame and can not define rest mass. We prove that for the particles which have rest frames, the Galilean transformation is the only linear transformation of space-time that allows infinite speed of particle motion. Read More

By studying the scattering process of scalar particle pion on the noncommutative scalar quantum electrodynamics, the non-commutative amendment of differential scattering cross-section is found, which is dependent of polar-angle and the results are significantly different from that in the commutative scalar quantum electrodynamics, particularly when $\cos\theta\sim \pm 1$. The non-commutativity of space is expected to be explored at around $\Lambda_{NC}\sim$TeV. Read More

Breaking the time-reversal symmetry of a topological insulator (TI) by ferromagnetism can induce exotic magnetoelectric phenomena such as quantized anomalous Hall (QAH) effect. Experimental observation of QAH effect in a magnetically doped TI requires ferromagnetism not relying on the charge carriers. We have realized the ferromagnetism independent of both polarity and density of carriers in Cr-doped BixSb2-xTe3 thin films grown by molecular beam epitaxy. Read More

Landau like quantization of the Anandan system in a special electromagnetic field is studied. Unlike the cases of the AC system and the HMW system, the torques of the system on the magnetic dipole and the electric dipole don't vanish. By constructing Heisenberg algebra, the Landau analog levels and eigenstates on commutative space, NC space and NC phase space are obtained respectively. Read More

On the basis of our previous studies on energy levels and wave functions of single electrons in a strong magnetic field, the energy levels and wave functions of non-interacting electron gas system, electron gas Hall surface density and Hall resistance of electron gas system are calculated. Then, a comparison is made between non-interaction electron gas model and Laughlin's interaction two dimensional electron gas system. It is found that the former can more quickly and unified the explain the integer and the fractional quantum Hall effects without the help of concepts proposed by Laughlin, such as fractionally charged quasi-particles and quasi-holes which obey fractional statistics. Read More

This paper intends to provide a theoretical basis for the unification of the integer and the fractional quantum Hall effects. Guided by concepts and theories of quantum mechanics and with the solution of the Pauli equation in a magnetic field under the symmetric gauge, wave functions, energy levels of single electrons, and the expectation value of electron's spatial scope are presented. After the quotation of non-interaction dilute gas system, the product of single electron's wave functions is used to construct wave functions of the N electron gas system in magnetic field. Read More

Integer and fractional quantum Hall effects were studied with different physics models and explained by different physical mechanisms. In this paper, the common physical mechanism for integer and fractional quantum Hall effects is studied, where a new unified formulation of integer and fractional quantum Hall effect is presented. Firstly, we introduce a 2-dimensional ideal electron gas model in the presence of strong magnetic field with symmetry gauge, and the transverse electric filed $\varepsilon_2$ is also introduced to balance Lorentz force. Read More

**Authors:**Jinsong Zhang, Cui-Zu Chang, Zuocheng Zhang, Jing Wen, Xiao Feng, Kang Li, Minhao Liu, Ke He, Lili Wang, Xi Chen, Qi-Kun Xue, Xucun Ma, Yayu Wang

Three-dimensional (3D) topological insulators (TI) are novel quantum materials with insulating bulk and topologically protected metallic surfaces with Dirac-like band structure. The spin-helical Dirac surface states are expected to host exotic topological quantum effects and find applications in spintronics and quantum computation. The experimental realization of these ideas requires fabrication of versatile devices based on bulk-insulating TIs with tunable surface states. Read More

**Authors:**Minhao Liu Jinsong Zhang, Cui-Zu Chang, Zuocheng Zhang, Xiao Feng, Kang Li, Ke He, Li-li Wang, Xi Chen, Xi Dai, Zhong Fang, Qi-Kun Xue, Xucun Ma, Yayu Wang

Topological insulators (TI) are a new class of quantum materials with insulating bulk enclosed by topologically protected metallic boundaries. The surface states of three-dimensional TIs have spin helical Dirac structure, and are robust against time reversal invariant perturbations. This extraordinary property is notably exemplified by the absence of backscattering by nonmagnetic impurities and the weak antilocalization (WAL) of Dirac fermions. Read More

We study the Wigner Function in non-commutative quantum mechanics. By solving the time independent Schr\"{o}dinger equation both on a non-commutative (NC) space and a non-commutative phase space, we obtain the Wigner Function for the harmonic oscillator on NC space and NC phase space respectively. Read More

A solution to a 3-satisfiability (3-SAT) formula can be expanded into a cluster, all other solutions of which are reachable from this one through a sequence of single-spin flips. Some variables in the solution cluster are frozen to the same spin values by one of two different mechanisms: frozen-core formation and long-range frustrations. While frozen cores are identified by a local whitening algorithm, long-range frustrations are very difficult to trace, and they make an entropic belief-propagation (BP) algorithm fail to converge. Read More

The He-McKellar-Wilkens(HMW) effect for spin one neutral particle in non-commutative quantum mechanics is studied. By solving the Kemmer like equations on non-commutative (NC) space and non-commutative phase space, we obtain topological He-McKellar-Wilkens phase on NC space and NC phase space respectively, where the additional terms related to the space-space and momentum-momentum non-commutativity are given explicitly. Read More

The Landau problem in non-commutative quantum mechanics (NCQM) is studied. First by solving the Schr$\ddot{o}$dinger equations on noncommutative(NC) space we obtain the Landau energy levels and the energy correction that is caused by space-space noncommutativity. Then we discuss the noncommutative phase space case, namely, space-space and momentum-momentum non-commutative case, and we get the explicit expression of the Hamiltonian as well as the corresponding eigenfunctions and eigenvalues. Read More

By using a generalized Bopp's shift formulation, instead of star product method, we investigate the Aharonov-Casher(AC) effect for a spin-1 neutral particle in non-commutative(NC) quantum mechanics. After solving the Kemmer equations both on a non-commutative space and a non-commutative phase space, we obtain the corrections to the topological phase of the AC effect for a spin-1 neutral particle both on a NC space and a NC phase space. Read More

**Affiliations:**

^{1}ITP-Cas,

^{2}ITP-Cas

At low temperatures the configurational phase space of a macroscopic complex system (e.g., a spin-glass) of $N\sim 10^{23}$ interacting particles may split into an exponential number $\Omega_s \sim \exp({\rm const} \times N)$ of ergodic sub-spaces (thermodynamic states). Read More

First a description of 2+1 dimensional non-commutative(NC) phase space is presented, where the deformation of the planck constant is given. We find that in this new formulation, generalized Bopp's shift has a symmetric representation and one can easily and straightforwardly define the star product on NC phase space. Then we define non-commutative Lorentz transformations both on NC space and NC phase space. Read More

The HMW effect in non-commutative quantum mechanics is studied. By solving the Dirac equations on non-commutative (NC) space and non-commutative phase space, we obtain topological HMW phase on NC space and NC phase space respectively, where the additional terms related to the space-space and momentum-momentum non-commutativity are given explicitly. Read More

The Aharonov-Casher (AC) effect in non-commutative(NC) quantum mechanics is studied. Instead of using the star product method, we use a generalization of Bopp's shift method. After solving the Dirac equations both on noncommutative space and noncommutative phase space by the new method, we obtain the corrections to AC phase on NC space and NC phase space respectively. Read More

The Aharonov-Bohm (AB) effect in non-commutative quantum mechanics (NCQM) is studied. First, by introducing a shift for the magnetic vector potential we give the Schr$\ddot{o}$dinger equations in the presence of a magnetic field on NC space and NC phase space, respectively. Then by solving the Schr$\ddot{o}$dinger equations, we obtain the Aharonov-Bohm (AB) phase on NC space and NC phase space, respectively. Read More

In this letter, firstly, the Schr$\ddot{o}$dinger equation on noncommutative phase space is given by using a generalized Bopp's shift. Then the anomaly term of commutator of arbitrary physical observable operators on noncommutative phase space is obtained. Finally, the basic uncertainty relations for space-space and space-momentum as well as momentum-momentum operators in noncommutative quantum mechanics (NCQM), and uncertainty relation for arbitrary physical observable operators in NCQM are discussed. Read More

The representations of the algebra of coordinates and momenta of noncommutative phase space are given. We study, as an example, the harmonic oscillator in noncommutative space of any dimension. Finally the map of Sch$\ddot{o}$dinger equation from noncommutative space to commutative space is obtained. Read More

The role that the auxiliary scalar field $\phi$ played in Brans-Dicke cosmology is discussed. If a constant vacuum energy is assumed to be the origin of dark energy, then the corresponding density parameter would be a quantity varying with $\phi$; and almost all of the fundamental components of our universe can be unified into the dynamical equation for $\phi$. As a generalization of Brans-Dicke theory, we propose a new gravity theory with a complex scalar field $\phi$ which is coupled to the cosmological curvature scalar. Read More

By using the two 4-dimensional potential formulation of electromagnetic (EM) field theory introduced in [1], we found that the SO(2) duality symmetric EM field theory can be reduced to the magnetic source free case by a special choice of SO(2) parameter,this special case we called nature picture of the EM field theory, the reduction condition led to a result, i.e. the electric charge and magnetic charge are no more independent. Read More

Using two new well defined 4-dimensional potential vectors, we formulate the classical Maxwell's field theory in a form which has manifest Lorentz covariance and SO(2) duality symmetry in the presence of magnetic sources. We set up a consistent Lagrangian for the theory. Then from the action principle we get both Maxwell's equation and the equation of motion of a dyon moving in the electro-magnetic field. Read More

We extend a non local and non covariant version of the Thirring model in order to describe a many-body system with spin-flipping interactions By introducing a model with two fermion species we are able to avoid the use of non abelian bosonization which is needed in a previous approach. We obtain a bosonized expression for the partition function, describing the dynamics of the collective modes of this system. By using the self-consistent harmonic approximation we found a formula for the gap of the spin-charge excitations as functional of arbitrary electron-electron potentials. Read More

By introducing a doublet of electromagnetic four dimensional vector potentials, we set up a manifestly Lorentz covariant and SO(2) duality invariant classical field theory of electric and magnetic charges. In our formulation one does not need to introduce the concept of Dirac string. Read More

We extend a recently proposed non-local version of Coleman's equivalence between the Thirring and sine-Gordon models to the case in which the original fermion fields interact with fixed impurities. We explain how our results can be used in the context of one-dimensional strongly correlated systems (the so called Tomonaga-Luttinger model) to study the dependence of the charge-density oscillations on the range of the fermionic interactions. Read More

We study, through path-integral methods, an extension of the massive Thirring model in which the interaction between currents is non-local. By examining the mass-expansion of the partition function we show that this non-local massive Thirring model is equivalent to a certain non-local extension of the sine-Gordon theory. Thus, we establish a non-local generalization of the famous Coleman's equivalence. Read More

By using the theory of deformed quantum mechanics, we study the deformed light beam theoretically. The deformed beam quality factor $M_q^2$ is given explicitly under the case of deformed light in coherent state. When the deformation parameter $q$ being a root of unity, the beam quality factor $M_q^2 \leq 1$. Read More