Kaloyan Penev - Harvard--Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics Cambridge MA

Kaloyan Penev
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Kaloyan Penev
Harvard--Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics Cambridge MA
United States

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Earth and Planetary Astrophysics (21)
Solar and Stellar Astrophysics (8)
Astrophysics (4)
Physics - Geophysics (1)

Publications Authored By Kaloyan Penev

Some close-in gaseous exoplanets are nearly in Roche-lobe contact, and previous studies show tidal decay can drive hot Jupiters into contact during the main sequence of their host stars. Improving upon a previous model, we present a revised model for mass transfer in a semi-detached binary system that incorporates an extended atmosphere around the donor and allows for an arbitrary mass ratio. We apply this new formalism to hypothetical, confirmed, and candidate planetary systems to estimate mass loss rates and compare with models of evaporative mass loss. Read More

We report the discovery of KELT-12b, a highly inflated Jupiter-mass planet transiting a mildly evolved host star. We identified the initial transit signal in the KELT-North survey data and established the planetary nature of the companion through precise follow-up photometry, high-resolution spectroscopy, precise radial velocity measurements, and high-resolution adaptive optics imaging. Our preferred best-fit model indicates that the $V = 10. Read More

Many gaseous exoplanets in short-period orbits are on the verge or are in the process of Roche-lobe overflow (RLO). Moreover, orbital stability analysis shows tides can drive many hot Jupiters to spiral inevitably toward their host stars. Thus, the coupled processes of orbital evolution and RLO likely shape the observed distribution of close-in exoplanets and may even be responsible for producing some of the short-period rocky planets. Read More

Affiliations: 1Princeton, 2Princeton, 3Princeton, 4CfA, 5Konkoly, 6CfA, 7Princeton, 8Princeton, 9Princeton, 10CfA, 11CfA, 12IfA, 13UC Berkeley, 14CfA, 15UC Berkeley, 16Tokyo Inst. of Tech., 17Aix Marseille Université, 18CfA, 19NOAO, 20Hungarian Astronomical Association, 21IfA, 22JPL, 23Konkoly, 24Landessternwarte, 25Google, 26CfA, 27Hungarian Astronomical Association, 28Hungarian Astronomical Association, 29Hungarian Astronomical Association

We report the discovery and characterization of four transiting exoplanets by the HATNet survey. The planet HAT-P-50b has a mass of 1.35 M_J and a radius of 1. Read More

By using the dense coverage of the extrasolar planet survey project HATNet, we Fourier analyze 381 high-probability members of the nearby open cluster Praesepe (Beehive/M44/NGC 2632). In addition to the detection of 10 variables (of \delta Scuti and other types), we identify 180 rotational variables (including the two known planet hosts). This sample increases the number of known rotational variables in this cluster for spectral classes earlier than M by more than a factor of three. Read More

We make publicly available an efficient, versatile, easy to use and extend tool for calculating the evolution of circular aligned planetary orbits due to the tidal dissipation in the host star. This is the first model to fully account for the evolution of the angular momentum of the stellar convective envelope by the tidal coupling, the transfer of angular momentum between the stellar convective and radiative zones, the effects of the stellar evolution on the tidal dissipation efficiency and stellar core and envelope spins, the loss of stellar convective zone angular momentum to a magnetically launched wind and frequency dependent tidal dissipation. This is only a first release and further development is under way to allow calculating the evolution of inclined and eccentric orbits, with the latter including the tidal dissipation in the planet and its feedback on planetary structure. Read More

Exoplanet searches have discovered a large number of 'hot Jupiters'--high-mass planets orbiting very close to their parent stars in nearly circular orbits. A number of these planets are sufficiently massive and close-in to be significantly affected by tidal dissipation in the parent star, to a degree parametrized by the tidal quality factor $Q_*$. This process speeds up their stars' rotation rate while reducing the planets' semimajor axis. Read More

We report the discovery of KELT-6b, a mildly-inflated Saturn-mass planet transiting a metal-poor host. The initial transit signal was identified in KELT-North survey data, and the planetary nature of the occulter was established using a combination of follow-up photometry, high-resolution imaging, high-resolution spectroscopy, and precise radial velocity measurements. The fiducial model from a global analysis including constraints from isochrones indicates that the V=10. Read More

We use the distribution of extrasolar planets in circular orbits around stars with surface convective zones detected by ground based transit searches to constrain how efficiently tides raised by the planet are dissipated on the parent star. We parameterize this efficiency as a tidal quality factor (Q*). We conclude that the population of currently known planets is inconsistent with Q*<10^7 at the 99% level. Read More

In recent years it has been shown that the tidal coupling between extrasolar planets and their stars could be an important mechanism leading to orbital evolution. Both the tides the planet raises on the star and vice versa are important and dissipation efficiencies ranging over four orders of magnitude are being used. In addition, the discovery of extrasolar planets extremely close to their stars has made it clear that the estimates of the tidal quality factor, Q, of the stars based on Jupiter and its satellite system and on main sequence binary star observations are too low, resulting in lifetimes for the closest planets orders of magnitude smaller than their age. Read More

The subject of this paper is the existence and stability of solar cycles with durations in the range of 20-250 years. Five types of data series are used: 1) The Zurich series (1749-2009 AD), the mean annual International sunspot number Ri, 2) The Group sunspot number series Rh (1610-1995 AD), 3) The simulated extended sunspot Rsi number from Extended time series of Solar Activity Indices (ESAI) (1090-2002 AD), 4) The simulated extended geomagnetic aa-index from ESAI (1099-2002 AD), 5) The Meudon filament series (1919-1991 AD) (it is used only particularly). Data series are smoothed over 11 years and supercenturial trends are removed. Read More

We have adapted the anelastic spectral code of Barranco & Marcus (2006) to simulate a turbulent convective layer with the intention of studying the effectiveness of turbulent eddies in dissipating external shear (e.g. tides). Read More

The current understanding of the turbulent dissipation in stellar convective zones is based on the assumption that the turbulence follows Kolmogorov scaling. This assumption is valid for some cases in which the time frequency of the external shear is high (e.g. Read More

We extend the analysis of Penev et al. (2007) to calculate effective viscosities for the surface convective zones of three main sequence stars of 0.775Msun, 0. Read More

Affiliations: 1Harvard--Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics Cambridge MA, 2Harvard--Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics Cambridge MA, 3Department of Astronomy Yale University New Haven CT, 4Department of Astronomy Yale University New Haven CT
Category: Astrophysics

The development of 2D and 3D simulations of solar convection has lead to a picture of convection quite unlike the usually assumed Kolmogorov spectrum turbulent flow. We investigate the impact of this changed structure on the dissipation properties of the convection zone, parametrized by an effective viscosity coefficient. We use an expansion treatment developed by Goodman & Oh 1997, applied to a numerical model of solar convection (Robinson et al. Read More