# Kaishun Wang

## Publications Authored By Kaishun Wang

The generalized $k$-connectivity $\kappa_{k}(G)$ of a graph $G$, which was introduced by Chartrand et al.(1984) is a generalization of the concept of vertex connectivity. Let $G$ and $H$ be nontrivial connected graphs. Read More

Let $\mathbb{Z}_{p^s}$ be the residue class ring of integers modulo $p^s$, where $p$ is a prime number and $s$ is a positive integer. Using matrix representation and the inner rank of a matrix, we study the intersection, join, dimension formula and dual subspaces on vector subspaces of $\mathbb{Z}^n_{p^s}$. Based on these results, we investigate the Grassmann graph $G_{p^s}(n,m)$ over $\mathbb{Z}_{p^s}$. Read More

A weakly distance-regular digraph is 3-equivalenced if its attached association scheme is 3-equivalenced. In this paper, we classify the family of such digraphs under the assumption of the commutativity. Read More

In 2011, Li et al. \cite{LLL} obtained an upper bound of the strong rainbow connection number of an $r$-dimensional undirected toroidal mesh. In this paper, this bound is improved. Read More

In this paper, we classify commutative weakly distance-regular digraphs of valency 3 with girth more than 2 and one type of arcs. As a result, commutative weakly distance-regular digraphs of valency 3 are completely determined. Read More

**Category:**Mathematics - Combinatorics

The {\em power index} $\Theta(\Gamma)$ of a graph $\Gamma$ is the least order of a group $G$ such that $\Gamma$ can embed into the power graph of $G$. Furthermore, this group $G$ is {\em $\Gamma$-optimal} if $G$ has order $\Theta(\Gamma)$. We say that $\Gamma$ is {\em power-critical} if its order equals to $\Theta(\Gamma)$. Read More

A weakly distance-regular digraph is quasi-thin if the maximum value of its intersection numbers is 2. In this paper, we focus on commutative quasi-thin weakly distance-regular digraphs, and classify such digraphs with valency more than 3. As a result, this family of digraphs are completely determined. Read More

We characterize the strong metric dimension of the power graph of a finite group. As applications, we compute the strong metric dimension of the power graph of a cyclic group, an abelian group, a dihedral group or a generalized quaternion group. Read More

A weakly distance-regular digraph is quasi-thin if the maximum value of its intersection numbers is 2. In this paper, we show that the valency of any commutative quasi-thin weakly distance-regular digraph is at most 6. Read More

For a finite noncyclic group $G$, let $\Cyc(G)$ be a set of elements $a$ of $G$ such that $\langle a,b\rangle$ is cyclic for each $b$ of $G$. The noncyclic graph of $G$ is a graph with the vertex set $G\setminus \Cyc(G)$, having an edge between two distinct vertices $x$ and $y$ if $\langle x, y\rangle$ is not cyclic. In this paper, we classify all finite noncyclic groups whose noncyclic graphs are $K_{1,n}$-free, where $3\leq n\leq 6$. Read More

The power graph $\Gamma_G$ of a finite group $G$ is the graph whose vertex set is the group, two distinct elements being adjacent if one is a power of the other. In this paper, we classify the finite groups whose power graphs have (non)orientable genus two. Read More

Let $G$ be a finite non-abelian group. The non-commuting graph $\Gamma_G$ of $G$ has the vertex set $G\setminus Z(G)$ and two distinct vertices $x$ and $y$ are adjacent if $xy\ne yx$, where $Z(G)$ is the center of $G$. We prove that the rainbow $2$-connectivity of $\Gamma_G$ is $2$. Read More

Suzuki (2004) [7] classified thin weakly distance-regular digraphs and pro- posed the project to classify weakly distance-regular digraphs of valency 3. The case of girth 2 was classified by the third author (2004) [9] under the assumption of the commutativity. In this paper, we continue this project and classify these digraphs with girth more than 2 and two types of arcs. Read More

This paper studies the rainbow connection number of the power graph $\Gamma_G$ of a finite group $G$. We determine the rainbow connection number of $\Gamma_G$ if $G$ has maximal involutions or is nilpotent, and show that the rainbow connection number of $\Gamma_G$ is at most three if $G$ has no maximal involutions. The rainbow connection numbers of power graphs of some nonnilpotent groups are also given. Read More

For any positive integer $k$, let $\mathcal{G}_k$ denote the set of finite groups $G$ such that all Cayley graphs ${\rm Cay}(G,S)$ are integral whenever $|S|\le k$. Est${\rm \acute{e}}$lyi and Kov${\rm \acute{a}}$cs \cite{EK14} classified $\mathcal{G}_k$ for each $k\ge 4$. In this paper, we characterize the finite groups each of whose cubic Cayley graphs is integral. Read More

We describe the full automorphism group of the power (di)graph of a finite group. As an application, we solve a conjecture proposed by Doostabadi, Erfanian and Jafarzadeh in 2013. Read More

A graph is called a pseudo-core if every endomorphism is either an automorphism or a colouring. In this paper, we show that every Grassmann graph $J_q(n,m)$ is a pseudo-core. Moreover, the Grassmann graph $J_q(n,m)$ is a core whenever $m$ and $n-m+1$ are not relatively prime, and $J_q(2pk-2, pk-1)$ is a core whenever $p,k\geq 2$. Read More

The power graph $\mathcal P_G$ of a finite group $G$ is the graph with the vertex set $G$, where two elements are adjacent if one is a power of the other. We first show that $\mathcal P_G$ has an transitive orientation, so it is a perfect graph and its core is a complete graph. Then we use the poset on all cyclic subgroups (under usual inclusion) to characterise the structure of $\mathcal P_G$. Read More

In [H. Suzuki, Association schemes with multiple $Q$-polynomial structures, J. Algebraic Combin. Read More

Assume that $\nu$ is a positive integer and $\delta=0, 1$ or $2$. In this paper we introduce the orthogonal graph $\Gamma^{2\nu+\delta}$ over a Galois ring of odd characteristic and prove that it is arc transitive. Moreover, we compute its parameters as a quasi-strongly regular graph. Read More

Let $\Pi$ be a polar space of rank $n\ge 3$. Denote by ${\mathcal G}_{k}(\Pi)$ the polar Grassmannian formed by singular subspaces of $\Pi$ whose projective dimension is equal to $k$. Suppose that $k$ is an integer not greater than $n-2$ and consider the relation ${\mathfrak R}_{i,j}$, $0\le i\le j\le k+1$ formed by all pairs $(X,Y)\in {\mathcal G}_{k}(\Pi)\times {\mathcal G}_{k}(\Pi)$ such that $\dim_{p}(X^{\perp}\cap Y)=k-i$ and $\dim_{p} (X\cap Y)=k-j$ ($X^{\perp}$ consists of all points of $\Pi$ collinear to every point of $X$). Read More

Let $S$ be a finite set of positive integers. A mixed hypergraph ${\cal H}$ is a one-realization of $S$ if its feasible set is $S$ and each entry of its chromatic spectrum is either 0 or 1. In [P. Read More

An identifying code in a graph $G$ is a dominating set $C$ such that the closed neighborhood of each vertex in $G$ has a distinct intersection with $C$. In 2008, Gravier et al. determined the minimum cardinality of an identifying code of the Cartesian product of two cliques with the same size. Read More

In [F. Levstein, C. Maldonado, The Terwilliger algebra of the Johnson schemes, Discrete Math. Read More

The set of all subspaces of a given dimension in a finite classical polar space has a structure of a symmetric association scheme. If the dimension is zero, this is the scheme of the collinearity graph of the space; If the dimension is maximum, it is the dual polar scheme. In this note, we determine the full automorphism group of this scheme. Read More

For a vertex $x$ of a graph $G$, let $N_G[x]$ be the set of $x$ with all of its neighbors in $G$. A set $C$ of vertices is an {\em identifying code} of $G$ if the sets $N_G[x]\cap C$ are nonempty and distinct for all vertices $x$. If $G$ admits an identifying code, we say that $G$ is identifiable and denote by $\gamma^{ID}(G)$ the minimum cardinality of an identifying code of $G$. Read More

A set of vertices $W$ {\em resolves} a graph $G$ if every vertex of $G$ is uniquely determined by its vector of distances to the vertices in $W$. The {\em metric dimension} for $G$, denoted by $\dim(G)$, is the minimum cardinality of a resolving set of $G$. In order to study the metric dimension for the hierarchical product $G_2^{u_2}\sqcap G_1^{u_1}$ of two rooted graphs $G_2^{u_2}$ and $G_1^{u_1}$, we first introduce a new parameter, the {\em rooted metric dimension} $\rdim(G_1^{u_1})$ for a rooted graph $G_1^{u_1}$. Read More

The set of subspaces with a given dimension in an attenuated space has a structure of a symmetric association scheme, which is a generalization of both Grassmann schemes and bilinear forms schemes. In [K. Wang, J. Read More

In [The smallest one-realization of a given set, Electronic J. Combin. 19 (2012), $\sharp$P19], we determined the minimum number of vertices of one-realizations of a given finite set $S$, and constructed the corresponding mixed hypergraphs. Read More

A vertex $x$ in a graph $G$ resolves two vertices $u$, $v$ of $G$ if the distance between $u$ and $x$ is not equal to the distance between $v$ and $x$. A function $g$ from the vertex set of $G$ to $[0,1]$ is a resolving function of $G$ if $g(R_G\{u,v\})\geq 1$ for any two distinct vertices $u$ and $v$, where $R_G\{u,v\}$ is the set of vertices resolving $u$ and $v$. The real number $\sum_{v\in V(G)}g(v)$ is the weight of $g$. Read More

In [S. Arumugam, V. Mathew and J. Read More

**Category:**Mathematics - Combinatorics

In [The Terwilliger algebra of the Johnson schemes, Discrete Mathematics 307 (2007) 1621--1635], Levstein and Maldonado computed the Terwilliger algebra of the Johnson scheme $J(n,m)$ when $3m\leq n$. The distance-$m$ graph of $J(2m+1,m)$ is the Odd graph $O_{m+1}$. In this paper, we determine the Terwilliger algebra of $O_{m+1}$ and give its basis. Read More

For any set $S$ of positive integers, a mixed hypergraph ${\cal H}$ is a one-realization of $S$ if its feasible set is $S$ and each entry of its chromatic spectrum is either 0 or 1. In this paper, we determine the minimum size of 3-uniform bi-hypergraphs which are one-realizations of a given set $S$. As a result, we partially solve an open problem proposed by Bujt$\acute{\rm a}$s and Tuza in 2008. Read More

Levstein and Maldonado [F. Levstein, C. Maldonado, The Terwilliger algebra of the Johnson schemes, Discrete Mathematics 307 (2007) 1621--1635] computed the Terwilliger algebra of the Johnson scheme $J(n,m)$ when $3m\leq n$. Read More

**Category:**Mathematics - Combinatorics

Let $G$ be a (di)graph. A set $W$ of vertices in $G$ is a \emph{resolving set} of $G$ if every vertex $u$ of $G$ is uniquely determined by its vector of distances to all the vertices in $W$. The \emph{metric dimension} $\mu (G)$ of $G$ is the minimum cardinality of all the resolving sets of $G$. Read More

Let $S_n$ be the symmetric group on $n$ points. Deza and Frankl [M. Deza and P. Read More

n [D. de Caen, E.R. Read More

For any set $S$ of positive integers, a mixed hypergraph ${\cal H}$ is a realization of $S$ if its feasible set is $S$, furthermore, ${\cal H}$ is a one-realization of $S$ if it is a realization of $S$ and each entry of its chromatic spectrum is either 0 or 1. Jiang et al. \cite{Jiang} showed that the minimum number of vertices of realization of $\{s,t\}$ with $2\leq s\leq t-2$ is $2t-s$. Read More

Gravier et al. investigated the identifying codes of Cartesian product of two graphs. In this paper we consider the identifying codes of lexicographic product G[H] of a connected graph G and an arbitrary graph H, and obtain the minimum cardinality of identifying codes of G[H] in terms of some parameters of G and H. Read More

**Category:**Mathematics - Combinatorics

As a generalization of singular linear spaces, we introduce the concept of t-singular linear spaces, make some anzahl formulas of subspaces, and determine the suborbits of t-singular linear groups. Read More

As one of the serial papers on suborbits of point stabilizers in classical groups on the last subconstituent of dual polar graphs, the corresponding problem for orthogonal dual polar graphs over a finite field of odd characteristic is discussed in this paper. We determine all the suborbits of a point-stabilizer in the orthogonal group on the last subconstituent, and calculate the length of each suborbit. Moreover, we discuss the quasi-strongly regular graphs and the association schemes based on the last subconstituent, respectively. Read More

It is well-known that many famous pooling designs are constructed from mathematical structures by the "containment matrix" method. In this paper, we propose another method and obtain a family of pooling designs with surprisingly high degree of error correction based on a finite set. Given the numbers of items and pools, the error-tolerant property of our designs is much better than that of Macula's designs when the size of the set is large enough. Read More

Pooling designs are standard experimental tools in many biotechnical applications. It is well-known that all famous pooling designs are constructed from mathematical structures by the "containment matrix" method. In particular, Macula's designs (resp. Read More

Let $S=\{n_1,n_2,... Read More

In this note, we prove some combinatorial identities and obtain a simple form of the eigenvalues of $q$-Kneser graphs. Read More

A resolving set of a graph is a set of vertices with the property that the list of distances from any vertex to those in the set uniquely identifies that vertex. In this paper, we construct a resolving set of Johnson graphs, doubled Odd graphs, doubled Grassmann graphs and twisted Grassmann graphs, respectively, and obtain the upper bounds on the metric dimension of these graphs. Read More

The metric dimension of a graph is the least number of vertices in a set with the property that the list of distances from any vertex to those in the set uniquely identifies that vertex. Bailey and Meagher obtained an upper bound on the metric dimension of Grassmann graphs. In this paper we obtain an upper bound on the metric dimension of bilinear forms graphs. Read More

An association scheme is called skew-symmetric if it has no symmetric adjacency relations other than the diagonal one. In this paper, we study 4-class skew-symmetric association schemes. In J. Read More