K. Wei

K. Wei
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K. Wei

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Pub Categories

High Energy Physics - Phenomenology (14)
Quantum Physics (6)
Physics - Optics (3)
High Energy Physics - Experiment (3)
Mathematics - Numerical Analysis (3)
Mathematics - Information Theory (3)
Computer Science - Information Theory (3)
Nuclear Theory (2)
Mathematics - Optimization and Control (2)
Physics - Mesoscopic Systems and Quantum Hall Effect (2)
High Energy Physics - Lattice (1)
Computer Science - Cryptography and Security (1)
Mathematics - Differential Geometry (1)
Quantitative Biology - Genomics (1)
Computer Science - Networking and Internet Architecture (1)
Physics - Materials Science (1)
Computer Science - Multimedia (1)
Computer Science - Data Structures and Algorithms (1)
Instrumentation and Methods for Astrophysics (1)
Physics - Fluid Dynamics (1)
Physics - Disordered Systems and Neural Networks (1)
Computer Science - Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition (1)
Computer Science - Distributed; Parallel; and Cluster Computing (1)
Computer Science - Discrete Mathematics (1)
Physics - Plasma Physics (1)
Computer Science - Learning (1)

Publications Authored By K. Wei

We propose an effective framework for multi-phase image segmentation and semi-supervised data clustering by introducing a novel region force term into the Potts model. Assume the probability that a pixel or a data point belongs to each class is known a priori. We show that the corresponding indicator function obeys the Bernoulli distribution and the new region force function can be computed as the negative log-likelihood function under the Bernoulli distribution. Read More

Assume we are given a sum of linear measurements of $s$ different rank-$r$ matrices of the form $y = \sum_{k=1}^{s} \mathcal{A}_k ({X}_k)$. When and under which conditions is it possible to extract (demix) the individual matrices ${X}_k$ from the single measurement vector ${y}$? And can we do the demixing numerically efficiently? We present two computationally efficient algorithms based on hard thresholding to solve this low rank demixing problem. We prove that under suitable conditions these algorithms are guaranteed to converge to the correct solution at a linear rate. Read More

A long-term energy option that is just approaching the horizon after decades of struggle, is fusion. Recent developments allow us to apply techniques from spin physics to advance its viability. The cross section for the primary fusion fuel in a tokamak reactor, D+T=>alpha+n, would be increased by a factor of 1. Read More

Up to now, the excited charmed and bottom baryon states are still not well studied both experimentally and theoretically. In the present paper, we predict the mass of $\Omega_b^*$, the only $L = 0$ baryon state which has not been observed, to be 6069.2 MeV. Read More

Secret sharing, in which a dealer wants to split a secret in such a way that any unauthorized subset of parties is unable to reconstruct it, plays a key role in cryptography. The security of quantum protocols for the task is guaranteed by the fact that Eve's any strategies to obtain secret information from encoded quantum states should cause a disturbance in the signal. Here, we propose a quantum secret sharing (classical information) scheme for $N$ parties based on totally different principle in which monitoring signal disturbance is no longer need. Read More

Characterizing out-of-equilibrium many-body dynamics is a complex but crucial task for quantum applications and the understanding of fundamental phenomena. A central question is the role of localization in quenching quantum thermalization, and whether localization survives in the presence of interactions. The localized phase of interacting systems (many-body localization, MBL) exhibits a long-time logarithmic growth in entanglement entropy that distinguishes it from the noninteracting Anderson localization (AL), but entanglement is difficult to measure experimentally. Read More

There are many orbital excited mesons discovered in recent years. In this work we attempt to study whether the Regge trajectory is quasi-linear or square-root form. In the framework of the quasi-linear Regge trajectory and square-root Regge trajectory, the masses of the states lying on the well established 11S0, 13S1, and 13P2 trajectories are estimated. Read More

The case of a rotating object traveling through viscous fluid appears in many phenomena like the banana ball and missile movement. In this work, we build a model to predict the trajectory of such rotating objects with near-cylinder geometry. The analytical expression of Magnus force is given and a wind tunnel experiment is carried out, which shows the Magnus force is well proportional to the product of angular velocity and centroid velocity. Read More

In this work, we systematically study the mass spectra and strong decays of $1P$ and $2S$ charmed and charmed-strange baryons in the framework of nonrelativistic constituent quark models. With the light quark cluster-heavy quark picture, the masses are simply calculated by a potential model. The strong decays are studied by the Eichten-Hill-Quigg decay formula. Read More

Recently, some singly bottom baryons have been established experimentally, but none of doubly or triply bottom baryons has been observed. Under the Regge phenomenology, the mass of a ground state unobserved doubly or triply bottom baryon is expressed as a function of masses of the well established light baryons and singly bottom baryons. Then, the values of Regge slopes and Regge intercepts for baryons containing one, two, or three bottom quarks are calculated. Read More

Measurement-device-independent entanglement witness (MDI-EW) will always give an affirmative certification for witnessing entanglement with untrusted measurement apparatuses. Using the MDI-EW method, we propose a measurement-device-independent quantum secret sharing (MDI-QSS) protocol that Charlie can securely distribute a key between the two agents Alice and Bob. A tight bound for collective attacks can provide good bounds on the long-distance MDI-QSS with source flaws. Read More

Recently lead halide nanocrystals (quantum dots) have been reported with potential for photovoltaic and optoelectronic applications due to their excellent luminescent properties. Herein excitonic photoluminescence (PL) excited by two-photon absorption in perovskite CsPbBr3 quantum dots (QDs) have been studied across a broad temperature range from 80K to 380K. Two-photon absorption has been investigated with absorption coefficient up to 0. Read More

Unconventional emissions from exciton and trion in monolayer WS2 are studied by photoexcitation. Excited by 532nm laser beam, the carrier species in the monolayer WS2 are affected by the excess electrons escaping from photoionization of donor impurity, the concentration of which varies with different locations of the sample. Simply increasing the excitation power at room temperature, the excess electron and thus the intensity ratio of excited trion and exciton can be continuously tuned over a large range from 0. Read More

We study the question of reconstructing two signals $f$ and $g$ from their convolution $y = f\ast g$. This problem, known as {\em blind deconvolution}, pervades many areas of science and technology, including astronomy, medical imaging, optics, and wireless communications. A key challenge of this intricate non-convex optimization problem is that it might exhibit many local minima. Read More

A spectrally sparse signal of order $r$ is a mixture of $r$ damped or undamped complex sinusoids. This paper investigates the problem of reconstructing spectrally sparse signals from a random subset of $n$ regular time domain samples, which can be reformulated as a low rank Hankel matrix completion problem. We introduce an iterative hard thresholding (IHT) algorithm and a fast iterative hard thresholding (FIHT) algorithm for efficient reconstruction of spectrally sparse signals via low rank Hankel matrix completion. Read More

Large telescope's adaptive optics (AO) system requires one or several bright artificial laser guide stars to improve its sky coverage. The recent advent of high power sodium laser is perfect for such application. However, besides the output power, other parameters of the laser also have significant impact on the brightness of the generated sodium laser guide star mostly in non-linear relationships. Read More

We study the Riemannian optimization methods on the embedded manifold of low rank matrices for the problem of matrix completion, which is about recovering a low rank matrix from its partial entries. Assume $m$ entries of an $n\times n$ rank $r$ matrix are sampled independently and uniformly with replacement. We first prove that with high probability the Riemannian gradient descent and conjugate gradient descent algorithms initialized by one step hard thresholding are guaranteed to converge linearly to the measured matrix provided \begin{align*} m\geq C_\kappa n^{1. Read More

Previous geographic routing schemes in Delay/Disruption Tolerant Networks (DTNs) only consider the homogeneous scenario where nodal mobility is identical. Motivated by this gap, we turn to design a DTN based geographic routing scheme in heterogeneous scenario. Systematically, our target is achieved via two steps: 1) We first propose "The-Best-Geographic-Relay (TBGR)" routing scheme to relay messages via a limited number of copies, under the homogeneous scenario. Read More

We establish theoretical recovery guarantees of a family of Riemannian optimization algorithms for low rank matrix recovery, which is about recovering an $m\times n$ rank $r$ matrix from $p < mn$ number of linear measurements. The algorithms are first interpreted as iterative hard thresholding algorithms with subspace projections. Based on this connection, we show that provided the restricted isometry constant $R_{3r}$ of the sensing operator is less than $C_\kappa /\sqrt{r}$, the Riemannian gradient descent algorithm and a restarted variant of the Riemannian conjugate gradient algorithm are guaranteed to converge linearly to the underlying rank $r$ matrix if they are initialized by one step hard thresholding. Read More

We study two mixed robust/average-case submodular partitioning problems that we collectively call Submodular Partitioning. These problems generalize both purely robust instances of the problem (namely max-min submodular fair allocation (SFA) and min-max submodular load balancing (SLB) and also generalize average-case instances (that is the submodular welfare problem (SWP) and submodular multiway partition (SMP). While the robust versions have been studied in the theory community, existing work has focused on tight approximation guarantees, and the resultant algorithms are not, in general, scalable to very large real-world applications. Read More

Measurement-device-independent quantum key distribution (MDI-QKD), which is immune to all detector side-channel attacks, is the most promising solution to the security issues in practical quantum key distribution systems. Though several experimental demonstrations of MDI QKD have been reported, they all make one crucial but not yet verified assumption, that is there are no flaws in state preparation. Such an assumption is unrealistic and security loopholes remain in the source. Read More

A recently developed reduced activation ferritic/martensitic steel MNHS was irradiated with 200keV He ions to a fluence of 1E21ions/m^2 at 450 celsius degree and 1E20ions/m^2 at 300 celsius degree and 450 celsius degree, respectively. The irradiation hardening of the steel was investigated by nanoindentation measurements combined with transmission electron microscopy (TEM) analysis. Dispersed barrier-hardening (DBH) model was applied to predict the hardness increments based on TEM analysis. Read More

Quantum communication holds the promise of creating disruptive technologies that will play an essential role in future communication networks. For example, the study of quantum communication complexity has shown that quantum communication allows exponential reductions in the information that must be transmitted to solve distributed computational tasks. Recently, protocols that realize this advantage using optical implementations have been proposed. Read More

Until now, the first reported doubly charmed baryon $\Xi_{cc}^{+}(3520)$ is still a puzzle. It was discovered and confirmed by SELEX collaboration, but not confirmed by LHCb, BABAR, BELLE, FOCUS, or any other collaboration. In the present paper, by employing Regge phenomenology, we first express the mass of the ground state ($L$=0) doubly charmed baryon $\Omega_{cc}^{*+}$ as a function of masses of the well established light baryons and singly charmed baryons. Read More

We study the Kaczmarz methods for solving systems of quadratic equations, i.e., the generalized phase retrieval problem. Read More

Rail-guided vehicles (RGVs) are widely employed in automated freight handling system (AFHS) to transport surging air cargo. Energy-efficient routing of such vehicles is of great interest for both financial and environmental sustainability. Given a multi-capacity RGV working on a linear track in AFHS, we consider its optimal routing under two-sided loading/unloading (TSLU) operations, in which energy consumption is minimized under conflict-avoidance and time window constraints. Read More

In this paper, we prove several formulas related to Hodge theory, and using them to prove the deformations of a compact $H$-twisted generalized Calabi-Yau manifold are unobstructed and $L^2$ convergence in a neighborhood in another power series . And if we assume that the deformation is smooth in a fixed neighborhood, and assume the existence of a global canonical family of deformation, we also construct the global canonical family of the deformations of generalized K\"ahler manifolds. Read More

Decoy-state quantum key distribution (QKD) is a standard technique in current quantum cryptographic implementations. Unfortunately, existing experiments have two important drawbacks: the state preparation is assumed to be perfect without errors and the employed security proofs do not fully consider the finite-key effects for general attacks. These two drawbacks mean that existing experiments are not guaranteed to be secure in practice. Read More

We apply a new mass formula which is derived analytically in the relativistic flux tube model to the mass spectra of $\Lambda_Q$ and $\Xi_Q$ (\emph{Q} = \emph{c} or \emph{b} quark) baryons. To this end, the heavy quark-light diquark picture is employed. We find that all masses of the available $\Lambda_Q$ and $\Xi_Q$ states can be understood well. Read More

Block cipher ARIA was first proposed by some South Korean experts in 2003, and later, it was established as a Korean Standard block cipher algorithm by Korean Agency for Technology and Standards. In this paper, we focus on the security evaluation of ARIA block cipher against the recent zero-correlation linear cryptanalysis. In addition, Partial-sum technique and FFT (Fast Fourier Transform) technique are used to speed up the cryptanalysis, respectively. Read More

The spin is an important property of a particle. Although it is unlikely to happen, there is still a possibility that two particle with different spins share similar masses. In this paper, we propose a method to probe this kind of mass degeneracy of particles with different spins. Read More

In the QCD factorization (QCDF) approach we study the direct $CP$ violation in $\bar{B}^{0}\rightarrow\rho^0(\omega)\rho^0(\omega)\rightarrow\pi^+\pi^-\pi^+\pi^-$ via the $\rho-\omega$ mixing mechanism. We find that the $CP$ violation can be enhanced by double $\rho-\omega$ mixing when the masses of the $\pi^+\pi^-$ pairs are in the vicinity of the $\omega$ resonance, and the maximum $CP$ violation can reach 28{\%}. We also compare the results from the naive factorization and the QCD factorization. Read More

The mass spectrum and strong decays of the X(1870) and $\eta_2(1870)$ are analyzed. Our results indicate that X(1870) and $\eta_2(1870)$ are the two different resonances. The narrower X(1870) seems likely a good hybrid candidate. Read More

Spectrum of low-lying five-quark configurations with strangeness quantum number $S=-3$ and negative parity is studied in three kinds of constituent quark models, namely the one gluon exchange, Goldstone Boson exchange, and instanton-induced hyperfine interaction models, respectively. Our numerical results show that the lowest energy states in all the three employed models are lying at $\sim$1800 MeV, about 200 MeV lower than predictions of various quenched three-quark models. In addition, it is very interesting that the state with the lowest energy in one gluon exchange model is with spin 3/2, but 1/2 in the other two models. Read More

Leakage channel fibers, designed to suppress higher-order modes, demonstrate resonant power loss at certain critical radii of curvature. Outside the resonance, the power recovers to the levels offset by the usual mechanism of bend-induced loss. Using C$^2$-imaging, we experimentally characterize this anomaly and identify the corresponding physical mechanism as the radiative decay of the fundamental mode mediated by the resonant coupling to a cladding mode. Read More

The low-lying energy spectra of five quark systems $uudc\bar{c}$ (I=1/2, S=0) and $udsc\bar{c}$ (I=0, S=-1) are investigated with three kinds of schematic interactions: the chromomagnetic interaction, the flavor-spin dependent interaction and the instanton-induced interaction. In all the three models, the lowest five quark state ($uudc\bar{c}$ or $udsc\bar{c}$) has an orbital angular momentum L=0 and the spin-parity $J^{P}=1/2^{-}$; the mass of the lowest $udsc\bar{c}$ state is heavier than the lowest $uudc\bar{c}$ state. Read More

In the framework of QCD factorization, based on the first order of isospin violation, we study direct CP violation in the decay of $\bar{B}_{s}^{0} \to K^{0}\rho^{0}(\omega)\to K^{0}\pi^{+}\pi^{-}$ including the effect of $\rho-\omega$ mixing. We find that the CP violating asymmetry is large via $\rho-\omega$ mixing mechanism when the invariant mass of the $\pi^{+}\pi^{-}$ pair is in the vicinity of the $\omega$ resonance. For the decay of $\bar{B}_{s}^{0} \to K^{0}\rho^{0}(\omega)\to K^{0}\pi^{+}\pi^{-}$, the maximum CP violating asymmetries can reach about 46%. Read More

In the quasilinear Regge trajectory ansatz, some useful linear mass inequalities, quadratic mass inequalities and quadratic mass equalities are derived for mesons and baryons. Based on these relations, mass ranges of some mesons and baryons are given. The masses of bc-bar and ss-bar belonging to the pseudoscalar, vector and tensor meson multiplets are also extracted. Read More

In this paper we study the properties of diquarks (composed of $u$ and/or $d$ quarks) in the Bethe-Salpeter formalism under the covariant instantaneous approximation. We calculate their BS wave functions and study their effective interaction with the pion. Using the effective coupling constant among the diquarks and the pion, in the heavy quark limit $m_Q\to\infty$, we calculate the decay widths of $\Sigma_Q^{(*)}$ ($Q=c,b$) in the BS formalism under the covariant instantaneous approximation and then give predictions of the decay widths $\Gamma(\Sigma_b^{(*)}\to\Lambda_b+\pi)$. Read More

Based on the main assumption that the $a_0(980)$ and $D^\ast_{sJ}(2317)$ belong to the $1 ^3P_0$ $q\bar{q}$ multiplet, in the framework of Regge phenomenology and meson-meson mixing, it is suggested that the $a_0(980)$, $K^\ast_0(1052)$, $f_0(1099)$ and $f_0(530)$ constitute the ground scalar meson nonet, and that the $f_0(1099)$ is composed mostly of $s\bar{s}$ while the $f_0(530)$ is mainly $u\bar{u}+d\bar{d}$. It is supposed that these states would likely correspond to the observed scalar states $a_0(980)$, $\kappa(900)$, $f_0(980)$ and $f_0(600)/\sigma$, respectively. The agreement between the present findings and those given by other different approaches is satisfactory. Read More

The Virtual Rooms Videoconferencing Service (VRVS) provides a worldwide videoconferencing service and collaborative environment to the research and education communities. This system provides a low cost, bandwidth-efficient, extensible means for videoconferencing and remote collaboration over networks within the High Energy and Nuclear Physics communities (HENP). VRVS has become a standard part of the toolset used daily by a large sector of HENP, and it is used increasingly for other DoE/NSF-supported programs. Read More