# K. Sen

## Contact Details

NameK. Sen |
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## Pubs By Year |
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## Pub CategoriesHigh Energy Physics - Theory (11) Quantum Physics (8) Physics - Strongly Correlated Electrons (7) Physics - Atomic Physics (7) Mathematics - Mathematical Physics (6) Physics - Materials Science (6) Physics - Chemical Physics (6) Mathematical Physics (6) Physics - Superconductivity (4) General Relativity and Quantum Cosmology (4) Physics - Statistical Mechanics (4) Statistics - Theory (2) Mathematics - Statistics (2) High Energy Physics - Phenomenology (2) Quantitative Biology - Neurons and Cognition (1) Physics - Data Analysis; Statistics and Probability (1) Nonlinear Sciences - Adaptation and Self-Organizing Systems (1) Physics - Biological Physics (1) Computer Science - Information Theory (1) Computer Science - Programming Languages (1) Physics - Mesoscopic Systems and Quantum Hall Effect (1) Computer Science - Distributed; Parallel; and Cluster Computing (1) Mathematics - Information Theory (1) |

## Publications Authored By K. Sen

Maintaining leadership in HPC requires the ability to support simulations at large scales and fidelity. In this study, we detail one of the most significant productivity challenges in achieving this goal, namely the increasing proclivity to bugs, especially in the face of growing hardware and software heterogeneity and sheer system scale. We identify key areas where timely new research must be proactively begun to address these challenges, and create new correctness tools that must ideally play a significant role even while ramping up toward exacale. Read More

**Authors:**K. Sen, P. Marsik, S. Das, E. Perret, R. de Andres Prada, A. Alberca, N. Biskup, M. Varela, C. Bernhard

$\mathrm{La_{1.85}Sr_{0.15}CuO_4}$/$\mathrm{La_2CuO_4}$ (LSCO15/LCO) bilayers with a precisely controlled thickness of N unit cells (UCs) of the former and M UCs of the latter ([LSCO15\_N/LCO\_M]) were grown on (001)-oriented {\slao} (SLAO) substrates with pulsed laser deposition (PLD). Read More

**Authors:**M. Yazdi-Rizi, P. Marsik, B. P. P. Mallett, K. Sen, A. Cerreta, A. Dubroka, M. Scigaj, F. Sánchez, G. Herranz, C. Bernhard

With infrared (IR) ellipsometry and DC resistance measurements we investigated the photo-doping at the (001) and (110) surfaces of SrTiO$_3$ (STO) single crystals and at the corresponding interfaces of LaAlO$_3$/SrTiO$_3$ (LAO/STO) heterostructures. In the bare STO crystals we find that the photo-generated charge carriers, which accumulate near the (001) surface, have a similar depth profile and sheet carrier concentration as the confined electrons that were previously observed in LAO/STO (001) heterostructures. A large fraction of these photo-generated charge carriers persist at low temperature at the STO (001) surface even after the UV light has been switched off again. Read More

We describe in more detail our approach to the conformal bootstrap which uses the Mellin representation of $CFT_d$ four point functions and expands them in terms of crossing symmetric combinations of $AdS_{d+1}$ Witten exchange functions. We consider arbitrary external scalar operators and set up the conditions for consistency with the operator product expansion. Namely, we demand cancellation of spurious powers (of the cross ratios, in position space) which translate into spurious poles in Mellin space. Read More

We propose a new approach towards analytically solving for the dynamical content of Conformal Field Theories (CFTs) using the bootstrap philosophy. This combines the original bootstrap idea of Polyakov with the modern technology of the Mellin representation of CFT amplitudes. We employ exchange Witten diagrams with built in crossing symmetry as our basic building blocks rather than the conventional conformal blocks in a particular channel. Read More

Recent years have seen growing interest in the retrofitting of type systems onto dynamically-typed programming languages, in order to improve type safety, programmer productivity, or performance. In such cases, type system developers must strike a delicate balance between disallowing certain coding patterns to keep the type system simple, or including them at the expense of additional complexity and effort. Thus far, the process for designing retrofitted type systems has been largely ad hoc, because evaluating multiple variations of a type system on large bodies of existing code is a significant undertaking. Read More

This note is an extension of a recent work on the analytical bootstrapping of $O(N)$ models. An additonal feature of the $O(N)$ model is that the OPE contains trace and antisymmetric operators apart from the symmetric-traceless objects appearing in the OPE of the singlet sector. This in addition to the stress tensor $(T_{\mu\nu})$ and the $\phi_i\phi^i$ scalar, we also have other minimal twist operators as the spin-1 current $J_\mu$ and the symmetric-traceless scalar in the case of $O(N)$. Read More

Despite the realizations of spin-orbit (SO) coupling and synthetic gauge fields in optical lattices, the associated time-reversal symmetry breaking, and 1D nature of the observed SO coupling pose challenges to obtain intrinsic $Z_2$ topological insulator. We propose here a model optical device for engineering intrinsic $Z_2$ topological insulator which can be easily set up with the existing tools. The device is made of a periodic lattice of quantum mechanically connected atomic wires (dubbed SO wires) in which the laser generated SO coupling ($\alpha_{\bf k}$, with ${\bf k}$ being the momentum) is reversed in every alternating wires as $\pm\alpha_{\bf k}$. Read More

With x-ray absorption spectroscopy and polarized neutron reflectometry we studied how the magnetic proximity effect at the interface between the cuprate high-$T_C$ superconductor $\mathrm{YBa_2Cu_3O_7}$ (YBCO) and the ferromagnet $\mathrm{La_{2/3}Ca_{1/3}MnO_3}$ (LCMO) is related to the electronic and magnetic properties of the LCMO layers. In particular, we explored how the magnitude of the ferromagnetic Cu moment on the YBCO side depends on the strength of the antiferromagnetic (AF) exchange coupling with the Mn moment on the LCMO side. We found that the Cu moment remains sizeable if the AF coupling with the Mn moments is strongly reduced or even entirely suppressed. Read More

We present a combined study with conventional far-infrared and time-domain terahertz ellipsometry of the temperature dependent optical response of SrTiO3 thin films (85 and 8.5 nm) that are grown by pulsed-laser deposition on LSAT substrates. We demonstrate that terahertz ellipsometry is very sensitive to the optical response of these thin films, in particular, to the soft mode of SrTiO3. Read More

In order to achieve a better analytic handle on the modern conformal bootstrap program, we re-examine and extend the pioneering 1974 work of Polyakov's, which was based on consistency between the operator product expansion and unitarity. As in the bootstrap approach, this method does not depend on evaluating Feynman diagrams. We show how this approach can be used to compute the anomalous dimensions of certain operators in the $O(n)$ model at the Wilson-Fisher fixed point in $4-\epsilon$ dimensions up to $O(\epsilon^2)$. Read More

In this paper we consider anomalous dimensions of double trace operators at large spin ($\ell$) and large twist ($\tau$) in CFTs in arbitrary dimensions ($d\geq 3$). Using analytic conformal bootstrap methods, we show that the anomalous dimensions are universal in the limit $\ell\gg \tau\gg 1$. In the course of the derivation, we extract an approximate closed form expression for the conformal blocks arising in the four point function of identical scalars in any dimension. Read More

We use analytic conformal bootstrap methods to determine the anomalous dimensions and OPE coefficients for large spin operators in general conformal field theories in four dimensions containing a scalar operator of conformal dimension $\Delta_\phi$. It is known that such theories will contain an infinite sequence of large spin operators with twists approaching $2\Delta_\phi+2n$ for each integer $n$. By considering the case where such operators are separated by a twist gap from other operators at large spin, we analytically determine the $n$, $\Delta_\phi$ dependence of the anomalous dimensions. Read More

A model physical problem is studied in which a system of two electrons is subject either to soft confinement by means of attractive oscillator potentials or by entrapment within an impenetrable spherical box of finite radius $R.$ When hard confinement is present the oscillators can be switched off. Exact analytical solutions are found for special parameter sets, and highly accurate numerical solutions (18 decimal places) are obtained for general cases. Read More

**Authors:**M. A. Uribe-Laverde, S. Das, K. Sen, I. Marozau, E. Perret, A. Alberca, J. Heidler, C. Piamonteze, M. Merz, P. Nagel, S. Schuppler, D. Munzar, C. Bernhard

With x-ray absorption spectroscopy we investigated the orbital reconstruction and the induced ferromagnetic moment of the interfacial Cu atoms in YBa$_2$Cu$_3$O$_{7}$/La$_{2/3}$Ca$_{1/3}$MnO$_3$ (YBCO/LCMO) and La$_{2-x}$Sr$_{x}$CuO$_4$/La$_{2/3}$Ca$_{1/3}$MnO$_3$ (LSCO/LCMO) multilayers. We demonstrate that these electronic and magnetic proximity effects are coupled and are common to these cuprate/manganite multilayers. Moreover, we show that they are closely linked to a specific interface termination with a direct Cu-O-Mn bond. Read More

In this study, the information-theoretic measures in both the position and momentum spaces for the pseudoharmonic potential using Fisher information, Shannon entropy, Renyi entropy, Tsallis entropy and Onicescu information energy are investigated analytically and numerically. The results obtained are applied to some diatomic molecules. The Renyi and Tsallis entropies are analytically obtained in position space using Srivastava-Niukkanen linearization formula in terms of the Lauricella hypergeometric function. Read More

In this study, we obtained the position-momentum uncertainties and some uncertainty relations for the P\"oschl-Teller-type potential for any $\ell$. The radial expectation values of $r^{-2}$, $r^{2}$ and $p^{2}$ are obtained from which the Heisenberg Uncertainty principle holds for the potential model under consideration. The Fisher information is then obtained and it is observed that the Fisher-information-based uncertainty relation and the Cramer-Rao inequality hold for this even power potential. Read More

We consider a system consisting of $5$ dimensional gravity with a negative cosmological constant coupled to a massless scalar, the dilaton. We construct a black brane solution which arises when the dilaton satisfies linearly varying boundary conditions in the asymptotically $AdS_5$ region. The geometry of this black brane breaks rotational symmetry while preserving translational invariance and corresponds to an anisotropic phase of the system. Read More

We calculate one, two and three point functions of the holographic stress tensor for any bulk Lagrangian of the form ${\mathcal{L}}(g^{ab}, R_{abcd}, \nabla_e R_{abcd})$. Using the first law of entanglement, a simple method has recently been proposed to compute the holographic stress tensor arising from a higher derivative gravity dual. The stress tensor is proportional to a dimension dependent factor which depends on the higher derivative couplings. Read More

Epitaxial La1.85Sr0.15CuO4/La2/3Ca1/3MnO3 superlattices on (001)-oriented LaSrAlO4 substrates have been grown with pulsed laser deposition technique. Read More

We investigate constraints imposed by entanglement on gravity in the context of holography. First, by demanding that relative entropy is positive and using the Ryu-Takayanagi entropy functional, we find certain constraints at a nonlinear level for the dual gravity. Second, by considering Gauss-Bonnet gravity, we show that for a class of small perturbations around the vacuum state, the positivity of the two point function of the field theory stress tensor guarantees the positivity of the relative entropy. Read More

An important problem in time series analysis is the discrimination between non-stationarity and longrange dependence. Most of the literature considers the problem of testing specific parametric hypotheses of non-stationarity (such as a change in the mean) against long-range dependent stationary alternatives. In this paper we suggest a simple approach, which can be used to test the null-hypothesis of a general non-stationary short-memory against the alternative of a non-stationary long-memory process. Read More

In this paper we consider the problem of measuring stationarity in locally stationary long-memory processes. We introduce an $L_2$-distance between the spectral density of the locally stationary process and its best approximation under the assumption of stationarity. The distance is estimated by a numerical approximation of the integrated spectral periodogram and asymptotic normality of the resulting estimate is established. Read More

Using polarized neutron reflectometry (PNR) we have investigated a YBa2Cu3O7(10nm)/La2/3Ca1/3MnO3(9nm)]10 (YBCO/LCMO) superlattice grown by pulsed laser deposition on a La0.3Sr0.7Al0. Read More

The dilaton action in 3+1 dimensions plays a crucial role in the proof of the a-theorem. This action arises using Wess-Zumino consistency conditions and crucially relies on the existence of the trace anomaly. Since there are no anomalies in odd dimensions, it is interesting to ask how such an action could arise otherwise. Read More

We consider counterterms for odd dimensional holographic CFTs. These counterterms are derived by demanding cut-off independence of the CFT partition function on $S^d$ and $S^1 \times S^{d-1}$. The same choice of counterterms leads to a cut-off independent Schwarzschild black hole entropy. Read More

Exact solutions to the d-dimensional Schroedinger equation, d\geq 2, for Coulomb plus harmonic oscillator potentials V(r)=-a/r+br^2, b>0 and a\ne 0 are obtained. The potential V(r) is considered both in all space, and under the condition of spherical confinement inside an impenetrable spherical box of radius R. With the aid of the asymptotic iteration method, the exact analytic solutions under certain constraints, and general approximate solutions, are obtained. Read More

For arbitrary values n and l quantum numbers, we present the solutions of the 3-dimensional Schrodinger wave equation with the pseudoharmonic potential via SU(1,1) Spectrum Generating Algebra (SGA) approach. The explicit bound state energies and eigenfunctions are obtained. The matrix elements r2 and r d/dr are obtained (in a closed form) directly from the creation and annihilation operators. Read More

We consider the analytical properties of the eigenspectrum generated by a class of central potentials given by V(r) = -a/r + br^2, b>0. In particular, scaling, monotonicity, and energy bounds are discussed. The potential $V(r)$ is considered both in all space, and under the condition of spherical confinement inside an impenetrable spherical boundary of radius R. Read More

Radial, angular and total correlation energies are calculated for four two-electron systems with atomic numbers Z=0-3 confined within an impenetrable sphere of radius R. We report accurate results for the non-relativistic, restricted Hartree-Fock and radial limit energies over a range of confinement radii from 0.05 - 10 a0. Read More

Schroedinger's equation with the attractive potential V(r) = -Z/(r^q+ b^q)^(1/q), Z > 0, b > 0, q >= 1, is shown, for general values of the parameters Z and b, to be reducible to the confluent Heun equation in the case q=1, and to the generalized Heun equation in case q=2. In a formulation with correct asymptotics, the eigenstates are specified a priori up to an unknown factor. In certain special cases this factor becomes a polynomial. Read More

For the family of model soft Coulomb potentials represented by V(r) = -\frac{Z}{(r^q+\beta^q)^{\frac{1}{q}}}, with the parameters Z>0, \beta>0, q \ge 1, it is shown analytically that the potentials and eigenvalues, E_{\nu\ell}, are monotonic in each parameter. The potential envelope method is applied to obtain approximate analytic estimates in terms of the known exact spectra for pure power potentials. For the case q =1, the Asymptotic Iteration Method is used to find exact analytic results for the eigenvalues E_{\nu\ell} and corresponding wave functions, expressed in terms of Z and \beta. Read More

The scaling properties of various composite information-theoretic measures (Shannon and R\'enyi entropy sums, Fisher and Onicescu information products, Tsallis entropy ratio, Fisher-Shannon product and shape complexity) are studied in position and momentum spaces for the non-relativistic hydrogenic atoms in the presence of parallel magnetic and electric fields. Such measures are found to be invariant at the fixed values of the scaling parameters given by $s_1 = B \hbar^3(4\pi\epsilon_0)^2 / (Z^2m^2e^3)$ and $s_2 = F \hbar^4(4\pi\epsilon_0)^3 / (Z^3e^5m^2)$. Numerical results which support the validity of the scaling properties are shown by choosing the representative example of the position space shape complexity. Read More

Lower bound for the shape complexity measure of L\'opez-Ruiz-Mancini-Calbet (LMC), $C_{LMC}$, is derived. Analytical relations for simple examples of the harmonic oscillator, the hydrogen atom and two-electron 'entangled artificial' atom proposed by Moshinsky are derived. Several numerical examples of the spherically confined model systems are presented as the test cases. Read More

Position and momentum information measures are evaluated for the ground state of the \emph{relativistic} hydrogen-like atoms. Consequences of the fact that the radial momentum operator is not self-adjoint are explicitly studied, exhibiting fundamental shortcomings of the conventional uncertainty measures in terms of the radial position and momentum variances. The Shannon and R\'enyi entropies, the Fisher information measure, as well as several related information measures, are considered as viable alternatives. Read More

The net Fisher information measure, defined as the product of position and momentum Fisher information measures and derived from the non-relativistic Hartree-Fock wave functions for atoms with Z=1-102, is found to correlate well with the inverse of the experimental ionization potential. Strong direct correlations of the net Fisher information are also reported for the static dipole polarizability of atoms with Z=1-88. The complexity measure, defined as the ratio of the net Onicescu information measure and net Fisher information, exhibits clearly marked regions corresponding to the periodicity of the atomic shell structure. Read More

The generalized pseudospectral Legendre method is used to carry out accurate calculations of eigenvalues of the spherically confined isotropic harmonic oscillator with impenetrable boundaries. The energy of the confined state is found to be equal to that of the unconfined state when the radius of confinement is suitably chosen as the location of the radial nodes in the unconfined state. This incidental degeneracy condition is numerically shown to be valid in general. Read More

In nature, animals encounter high dimensional sensory stimuli that have complex statistical and dynamical structure. Attempts to study the neural coding of these natural signals face challenges both in the selection of the signal ensemble and in the analysis of the resulting neural responses. For zebra finches, naturalistic stimuli can be defined as sounds that they encounter in a colony of conspecific birds. Read More