K. Kong - SLAC/U of Kansas

K. Kong
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K. Kong
SLAC/U of Kansas
United States

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High Energy Physics - Phenomenology (49)
High Energy Physics - Experiment (18)
Nuclear Theory (8)
High Energy Astrophysical Phenomena (5)
Cosmology and Nongalactic Astrophysics (3)
Astrophysics of Galaxies (2)
Physics - Materials Science (1)
Physics - Instrumentation and Detectors (1)
Instrumentation and Methods for Astrophysics (1)

Publications Authored By K. Kong

Photoproduction of the $\Lambda^*(1520)$ resonance of spin-parity ${3\over2}^-$ off the proton target is investigated within the Regge framework where the $t$-channel reggeization is applied for the $K(494)+K^*(892)+K_2^*(1430)$ exchanges in the Born amplitude. The present model is based on the two basic ingredients; the one is the minimal gauge prescription for the convergence of the reaction and the other is the role of the $K_2^*$ crucial to be consistent with high energy data. The cross sections for the total, differential and photon polarization asymmetry are reproduced without fit parameters and compared with existing data. Read More

Photoproduction of $ K\Sigma^{*}(1385)$ on the nucleon is investigated within the Regge framework and the reaction mechanism is analyzed based on the data existing in the channels $\gamma p\to K^+\Sigma^{*0}$ and $\gamma n\to K^+\Sigma^{*-}$. The Reggeization of the $t$-channel meson exchanges $K(494)+K^*(892)+K_2^*(1430)$ is employed to construct the photoproduction amplitude. The Rarita-Schwinger formalism is applied for the spin-3/2$^+$ strangeness-baryon $\Sigma^*$ with a special gauge prescription utilized for the convergence of these reaction processes. Read More

In models with universal extra dimensions (UED), the lightest Kaluza-Klein excitation of neutral electroweak gauge bosons is a stable, weakly interacting massive particle and thus is a candidate for dark matter thanks to Kaluza-Klein parity. We examine concrete model realizations of such dark matter in the context of non-minimal UED extensions. The boundary localized kinetic terms for the electroweak gauge bosons lead to a non-trivial mixing among the first Kaluza-Klein excitations of the ${\rm SU}(2)_W$ and ${\rm U}(1)_Y$ gauge bosons and the resultant low energy phenomenology is rich. Read More

We construct a model for the reaction process $\gamma p\to\rho^-\Delta^{++}$ by utilizing the Reggeization of the $t$-channel meson exchange and present the analysis of the existing data at high energies. Based on the simple $\pi+\rho$ exchanges where the $t$-channel $\rho$ exchange is conserved with the $u$-channel $\Delta$-pole in addition to the $s$-channel proton pole and the contact term, we discuss the convergence of the reaction cross section at high energy in association with the gauge prescription for the $u$-channel $\Delta$-pole as well as the proton-pole in the $s$-channel. The roles of the electromagnetic (EM) multipole moments of the $\Delta$-baryon and $\rho$-meson are analyzed. Read More

A Regge approach to the reaction processes $\gamma p\to\pi^-\Delta^{++}$ and $\gamma p\to\pi^+\Delta^0$ is presented for the description of existing data up to $E_\gamma= 16$ GeV. The model consists of the $t$-channel $\pi+\rho+a_2$ exchanges which are reggeized from the relevant Born amplitude. Discussion is given on the minimal gauge prescription for the $\pi$ exchange to render convergent the divergence of the $u$-channel $\Delta$-pole in the former process. Read More

We investigate the detection prospects of a non-standard dark sector in the context of boosted dark matter. We consider a scenario where two stable particles have a large mass difference and the heavier particle accounts for most of dark matter in our current universe. The heavier candidate is assumed to have no interaction with the standard model particles at tree-level, hence evading existing constraints. Read More

We investigate the role driven by the scalar meson $\sigma$ exchange in the photoproduction of the vector meson $\phi$(1020) off a proton by using a Reggeized model. Based on the $\pi^0(135)+\sigma(500)+f_2(1270)$+Pomeron exchanges, we demonstrate that the $\sigma$ exchange plays the role to reproduce the bump structure at the forward angle in the differential cross section as well as the peaking behavior in the total cross section observed in the CLAS Collaboration. We also discuss the possible observation of the scaled cross section $s^7d\sigma /dt$ at the production angle $\theta=90^{\circ}$ from the CLAS data. Read More

We propose a strategy for searching for theoretically-unanticipated new physics which avoids a large trials factor by focusing on experimental strengths. Searches for resonances decaying into pairs of visible particles are experimentally very powerful due to the localized mass peaks and have a rich history of discovery. Yet, due to a focus on subsets of theoretically-motivated models, the landscape of such resonances is far from thoroughly explored. Read More

We investigate a potential of measuring properties of a heavy resonance X, exploiting jet substructure techniques. Motivated by heavy higgs boson searches, we focus on the decays of X into a pair of (massive) electroweak gauge bosons. More specifically, we consider a hadronic Z boson, which makes it possible to determine properties of X at an earlier stage. Read More

Photoproduction of $K^*$ vector mesons off nucleon is investigated within the Regge framework where the electromagnetic vertex of $\gamma K^*K^*$ fully takes into account the magnetic dipole and electric quadrupole moments of spin-1 $K^*$ vector meson. The $t$-channel $K^*(892)$, $K(494)$ and $\kappa(800)$ meson exchanges are considered for the analysis of the production mechanism. The experimentally observed rapid decrease of the cross sections for the $\gamma p \to K^{*+} \Lambda$ reaction beyond the resonance region is well reproduced by the dominance of the exchange of $K$-meson trajectory. Read More

We investigate the discovery potential of singly produced top-philic resonances at the high luminosity (HL) LHC in the four-top final state. Our analysis spans over the fully-hadronic, semi-leptonic, and same-sign dilepton channels where we present concrete search strategies adequate to a boosted kinematic regime and high jet-multiplicity environments. We utilize the Template Overlap Method (TOM) with newly developed template observables for tagging boosted top quarks, a large-radius jet variable $M_J$ and customized b-tagging tactics for background discrimination. Read More

We investigate photoproduction of charged $\rho$ off the nucleon using $\rho(770)+\pi(140)$ Regge pole exchanges by considering the $\rho$-meson electromagnetic multipole moments. The significance of the Ward identity at the $\gamma\rho\rho$ vertex is emphasized for current conservation in the process. Given $\pi$ exchange with the well-known coupling constants for $\gamma\pi\rho$ and $\pi NN$, we analyze the role of the $\rho$ exchange in the $\gamma p\to \rho^+n$ and $\gamma n\to\rho^-p$ processes without model-dependences except for the magnetic moment $\mu_{\rho^\pm}=\pm2. Read More

We discuss non-standard interpretations of the 750 GeV diphoton excess recently reported by the ATLAS and CMS Collaborations which do not involve a new, relatively broad, resonance with a mass near 750 GeV. Instead, we consider the sequential cascade decay of a much heavier, possibly quite narrow, resonance into two photons along with one or more invisible particles. The resulting diphoton invariant mass signal is generically rather broad, as suggested by the data. Read More

The scaling of photoproduction $\gamma p\to\pi^0 p$ is investigated in the Reggeized model with $N^*$ and $\Delta$ resonances included to describe resonance peaks up to photon energy $E_\gamma$= 3 GeV. Given the $t$-channel exchanges $\rho(770)+\omega(780)+b_1(1235)+h_1(1170)$ Reggeized for the background contribution, the resonances of the Breit-Wigner form are introduced to agree with cross sections for total, differential and beam asymmetry in the low energy region. The scaled differential-cross sections $s^7{d\sigma/ dt}$ are reproduced to agree with the recent JLab data, revealing the production mechanism of the big bump structure around $W\approx 2. Read More

We present the updated version of MadDM, a new dark matter tool based on MadGraph5_aMC@NLO framework. New version includes direct detection capability in addition to relic abundance computation. In this article, we provide short description of the implementation of relevant effective operators and validations against existing results in literature. Read More

Electroproduction of $\pi^+$ above the resonance region is analyzed in the Regge model for $\pi+\rho$ exchanges. Importance of the roles of pion and proton form factors in the process is discussed in comparison with existing models of Kaskulov and Mosel, and of Vrancx and Rychebusch. It is shown that the present model with proton form factor of a simple dipole-type yields a better description of DESY and JLab data over those models for high $Q^2$ and $-t$ region up to 5 GeV$^2$. Read More

We study the collider implication of a neutral resonance which decays to several diboson final states such as $W^+W^-$, $ZZ$, and $Z\gamma$ via a minimal set of effective operators. We consider both CP-even and CP-odd bosonic states with spin 0, 1, or 2. The production cross sections for the bosonic resonance states are obtained with the effective operators involving gluons (and quarks), and the branching fractions are obtained with the operators responsible for the interactions with electroweak gauge bosons. Read More

Production of a single top quark provides excellent opportunity for understanding top quark physics and Cabibbo-Kobayashi-Maskawa structure of the quark sector in the Standard Model. Although an associated production with a b-quark has already been observed at the Tevatron in 2009, a single top production in association with a W gauge boson has not been observed till 2014 at the LHC, where pair production of the top quark serves as the dominant background. Due to the kinematic similarity between tW and the dominant background, it is challenging to find suitable kinematic variables that offer good signal-background separation, which naturally leads to the use of multivariate methods. Read More

An observation of the anisotropy of dark matter interactions in a direction-sensitive detector would provide decisive evidence for the discovery of galactic dark matter. Directional information would also provide a crucial input to understanding its distribution in the local Universe. Most of the existing directional dark matter detectors utilize particle tracking methods in a low-pressure gas time projection chamber. Read More

We explore detection prospects of a non-standard dark sector in the context of boosted dark matter. We focus on a scenario with two dark matter particles of a large mass difference, where the heavier candidate is secluded and interacts with the standard model particles only at loops, escaping existing direct and indirect detection bounds. Yet its pair annihilation in the galactic center or in the Sun may produce boosted stable particles, which could be detected as visible Cherenkov light in large volume neutrino detectors. Read More

We investigate the collider phenomenology of a color-singlet vector resonance, which couples to the heaviest quarks, the top quarks, but very weakly to the rest of the fermions in the Standard Model. We find that the dominant production of such a resonance does not appear at the tree level -- it rather occurs at the one-loop level in association with an extra jet. Signatures like t anti-t plus jets readily emerge as a result of the subsequent decay of the resonance into a pair of top quarks. Read More

A very light (GeV scale) dark gauge boson ($Z'$) is a recently highlighted hypothetical particle that can address some astrophysical anomalies as well as the $3.6 \sigma$ deviation in the muon $g$-2 measurement. We suggest top quark decays as a venue to search for light dark force carriers at the LHC. Read More

We report on the current status of non-minimal universal extra dimension (UED) models. Our emphasis is on the possible extension of the minimal UED model by allowing bulk masses and boundary localized terms. We take into account the data from the Large Hadron Collider as well as direct and indirect searches of dark matter and electroweak precision measurements. Read More

Annihilation of light dark matter of $m_{\rm DM} \approx (10-40)$ GeV into the Standard Model fermions has been suggested as a possible origin of the gamma-ray excess at GeV energies in the Fermi-LAT data. In this paper, we examine possible model-independent signatures of such dark matter models in other experiments such as AMS-02, colliders, and cosmic microwave background (CMB) measurements. We point out that first generation of fermion final states is disfavored by the existing experimental data. Read More

Recently a weak X-ray emission around E ~ 3.5 keV was detected in the Andromeda galaxy and various galaxy clusters including the Perseus galaxy cluster but its source has been unidentified. Axino, the superpartner of axion, with a mass 2E is suggested as a possible origin of the line with R-parity violating decay into photon and neutrino. Read More

The anomaly detected by AMS-02 and PAMELA in the cosmic-ray positron flux when interpreted as arising from dark matter annihilation suggests that dark matter may interact differently with hadrons and leptons so as to remain compatible with cosmic-ray antiproton data. Such a scenario is readily accommodated in models with extra spatial dimensions. We study indirect detection of Kaluza-Klein (KK) dark matter in Universal Extra Dimensions with brane-localized terms and fermion bulk masses: Next-to-Minimal Universal Extra Dimensions. Read More

We suggest top quark decays as a venue to search for light dark force carriers. The top quark is the heaviest particle in the standard model whose decays are relatively poorly measured, allowing sufficient room for exotic decay modes from new physics. A very light (GeV scale) dark gauge boson (Z') is a recently highlighted hypothetical particle that can address some astrophysical anomalies as well as the 3. Read More

In this Report we discuss the four complementary searches for the identity of dark matter: direct detection experiments that look for dark matter interacting in the lab, indirect detection experiments that connect lab signals to dark matter in our own and other galaxies, collider experiments that elucidate the particle properties of dark matter, and astrophysical probes sensitive to non-gravitational interactions of dark matter. The complementarity among the different dark matter searches is discussed qualitatively and illustrated quantitatively in several theoretical scenarios. Our primary conclusion is that the diversity of possible dark matter candidates requires a balanced program based on all four of those approaches. Read More

We review various theoretical methods for measuring dark matter properties at the Large Hadron Collider. Read More

Discovery of a Higgs boson and precise measurements of its properties open a new window to test physics beyond the standard model. Models with Universal Extra Dimensions are not exception. Kaluza-Klein excitations of the standard model particles contribute to the production and decay of the Higgs boson. Read More

We investigate the discovery potential of Kaluza-Klein gluons as a dijet resonance at hadron colliders with different center-of-mass energies, from 14 TeV to 33 TeV to 100 TeV. We also present the current bounds from dijet searches at UA2, Tevatron, and LHC. Read More

We present updated results on the complementarity between high-energy colliders and dark matter direct detection experiments in the context of Universal Extra Dimensions (UED). In models with relatively small mass splittings between the dark matter candidate and the rest of the (colored) spectrum, the collider sensitivity is diminished, but direct detection rates are enhanced. UED provide a natural framework to study such mass degeneracies. Read More

Heat is a familiar form of energy transported from a hot side to a colder side of an object, but not a notion associated with microscopic measurements of electronic properties. A temperature difference within a material causes charge carriers, electrons or holes, to diffuse along the temperature gradient inducing a thermoelectric voltage. Here we show that local thermoelectric measurements can yield high sensitivity imaging of structural disorder on the atomic and nanometre scales. Read More

We present a general model with universal extra dimensions in the presence of the bulk fermion masses and boundary localized kinetic terms, which are generically allowed by symmetries of five dimensional gauge theory. We provide a comprehensive analysis for a general UED model, including Kaluza-Klein mass spectra, their interactions with the SM particles, and constraints from LHC, electroweak tests, and dark matter experiments. Finally we show current bounds on the size of allowed universal bulk mass and universal brane-localized terms. Read More

This note summarizes a pedagogical tutorial on CalcHEP and PYTHIA that was given at TASI 2011 program. Read More

In models with extra dimensions, vectorlike Dirac masses for fermion fields are generically allowed. These masses are independent of electroweak symmetry breaking and do not contribute to the known masses for the quarks and leptons. They control the profile of the bulk wave functions, the mass spectra of Kaluza-Klein modes, and interactions that could be tested in experiments. Read More

We analyze the collider signatures of models with a vector-like top-prime quark and a massive color-octet boson. The top-prime quark mixes with the top quark in the Standard Model, leading to richer final states than ones that are investigated by experimental collaborations. We discuss the multi-lepton final states, and show that they can provide increased sensitivity to models with a top-prime quark and gluon-prime. Read More

We present a method to resolve combinatorial issues in multi-particle final states at hadron colliders. The use of kinematic variables such as MT2 and invariant mass significantly reduces combinatorial ambiguities in the signal, but at a cost of losing statistics. We illustrate this idea with gluino pair production leading to 4 jets $+\met$ in the final state as well as $t\bar{t}$ production in the dilepton channel. Read More

We revisit the process of transversification and agglomeration of particle momenta that are often performed in analyses at hadron colliders, and show that many of the existing mass-measurement variables proposed for hadron colliders are far more closely related to each other than is widely appreciated, and indeed can all be viewed as a common mass bound specialized for a variety of purposes. Read More

This paper seeks to demonstrate that many of the existing mass-measurement variables proposed for hadron colliders (mT, mEff, mT2, missing pT, hT, rootsHatMin, etc.) are far more closely related to each other than is widely appreciated, and indeed can all be viewed as a common mass bound specialized for a variety of purposes. A consequence of this is that one may understand better the strengths and weaknesses of each variable, and the circumstances in which each can be used to best effect. Read More

In theories with Universal Extra-Dimensions (UED), the gamma_1 particle, first excited state of the hypercharge gauge boson, provides an excellent Dark Matter (DM) candidate. Here we use a modified version of the SuperBayeS code to perform a Bayesian analysis of the minimal UED scenario, in order to assess its detectability at accelerators and with DM experiments. We derive in particular the most probable range of mass and scattering cross sections off nucleons, keeping into account cosmological and electroweak precision constraints. Read More

The variable \sqrt{s}_{min} was originally proposed in arXiv:0812.1042 as a model-independent, global and fully inclusive measure of the new physics mass scale in missing energy events at hadron colliders. In the original incarnation of \sqrt{s}_{min}, however, the connection to the new physics mass scale was blurred by the effects of the underlying event, most notably initial state radiation and multiple parton interactions. Read More

Split-UED allows for the possibility that the lowest lying KK excitations of the Standard Model fermions can be much lighter than the corresponding gauge or Higgs KK states. This can happen provided the fermion bulk masses are chosen to be large, in units of the inverse compactification radius, 1/R, and negative. In this setup, all of the other KK states would be effectively decoupled from low energy physics. Read More

We present an implementation of the model of minimal universal extra dimensions (MUED) in CalcHEP/CompHEP. We include all level-1 and level-2 Kaluza-Klein (KK) particles outside the Higgs sector. The mass spectrum is automatically calculated at one loop in terms of the two input parameters in MUED: the radius of the extra dimension and the cut-off scale of the model. Read More

We investigate the collider implications of Split Universal Extra Dimensions. The non-vanishing fermion mass in the bulk, which is consistent with the KK-parity, largely modifies the phenomenology of Minimal Universal Exta Dimensions. We scrutinize the behavior of couplings and study the discovery reach of the Tevatron and the LHC for level-2 Kaluza-Klein modes in the dilepton channel, which would indicates the presence of the extra dimensions. Read More

We discuss the motivation and the phenomenology of models with either flat or warped extra dimensions. We describe the typical mass spectrum and discovery signatures of such models at the LHC. We also review several proposed methods for discriminating the usual low-energy supersymmetry from a model with flat (universal) extra dimensions. Read More

The Large Hadron Collider presents an unprecedented opportunity to probe the realm of new physics in the TeV region and shed light on some of the core unresolved issues of particle physics. These include the nature of electroweak symmetry breaking, the origin of mass, the possible constituent of cold dark matter, new sources of CP violation needed to explain the baryon excess in the universe, the possible existence of extra gauge groups and extra matter, and importantly the path Nature chooses to resolve the hierarchy problem - is it supersymmetry or extra dimensions. Many models of new physics beyond the standard model contain a hidden sector which can be probed at the LHC. Read More