K. H. Chae - The CLASS collaboration

K. H. Chae
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K. H. Chae
The CLASS collaboration

Pubs By Year

Pub Categories

Astrophysics (17)
Physics - Materials Science (9)
Nuclear Experiment (8)
Cosmology and Nongalactic Astrophysics (6)
Astrophysics of Galaxies (5)
Physics - Mesoscopic Systems and Quantum Hall Effect (3)
Physics - Soft Condensed Matter (2)
Physics - Accelerator Physics (1)
Physics - Chemical Physics (1)
High Energy Physics - Phenomenology (1)
Physics - Strongly Correlated Electrons (1)
Computer Science - Programming Languages (1)
Nuclear Theory (1)
High Energy Astrophysical Phenomena (1)
High Energy Physics - Experiment (1)

Publications Authored By K. H. Chae

Affiliations: 1University of Southampton, 2Kavli IPMU, University of Tokyo, 3Institut d'Astrophysique de Paris, 4Sejong University, 5Institut d'Astrophysique de Paris, 6University of California Los Angeles, 7CfA, 8Bologna University, 9University of Southampton, 10University of Pennsylvania, 11University of Pennsylvania, 12GEPI, Observatoire de Paris

We carry out a systematic investigation of the total mass density profile of massive (Mstar>2e11 Msun) early-type galaxies and its dependence on galactic properties and host halo mass with the aid of a variety of lensing/dynamical data and large mock galaxy catalogs. The latter are produced via semi-empirical models that, by design, are based on just a few basic input assumptions. Galaxies, with measured stellar masses, effective radii and S\'{e}rsic indices, are assigned, via abundance matching relations, host dark matter halos characterized by a typical LCDM profile. Read More

We present a technique for automatically generating features for data-driven program analyses. Recently data-driven approaches for building a program analysis have been proposed, which mine existing codebases and automatically learn heuristics for finding a cost-effective abstraction for a given analysis task. Such approaches reduce the burden of the analysis designers, but they do not remove it completely; they still leave the highly nontrivial task of designing so called features to the hands of the designers. Read More

It is a well-known fact that a cluster of nucleons can be formed in the interior of an atomic nucleus, and such clusters may occupy molecular-like orbitals, showing characteristics similar to normal molecules consisting of atoms. Chemical molecules having a linear alignment are commonly seen in nature, such as carbon dioxide. A similar linear alignment of the nuclear clusters, referred to as linear-chain cluster state (LCCS), has been studied since the 1950s, however, up to now there is no clear experimental evidence demonstrating the existence of such a state. Read More

Direct reaction techniques are powerful tools to study the single-particle nature of nuclei. Performing direct reactions on short-lived nuclei requires radioactive ion beams produced either via fragmentation or the Isotope Separation OnLine (ISOL) method. Some of the most interesting regions to study with direct reactions are close to the magic numbers where changes in shell structure can be tracked. Read More

The $^{24}$Mg($p$, $\alpha$)$^{21}$Na reaction was measured at the Holifield Radioactive Ion Beam Facility at Oak Ridge National Laboratory in order to better constrain spins and parities of energy levels in $^{21}$Na for the astrophysically important $^{17}$F($\alpha, p$)$^{20}$Ne reaction rate calculation. 31 MeV proton beams from the 25-MV tandem accelerator and enriched $^{24}$Mg solid targets were used. Recoiling $^{4}$He particles from the $^{24}$Mg($p$, $\alpha$)$^{21}$Na reaction were detected by a highly segmented silicon detector array which measured the yields of $^{4}$He particles over a range of angles simultaneously. Read More

Modified Newtonian dynamics (MOND) provides a paradigm alternative to dark matter that has been successful in fitting and predicting the rich phenomenology of rotating disc galaxies. There have also been attempts to test MOND in dispersion-supported early-type galaxies, but it remains unclear whether MOND can fit the various empirical properties of early-type galaxies. As a way of rigorously testing MOND in elliptical galaxies we calculate the MOND-predicted velocity dispersion profiles (VDPs) in the inner regions of $\sim 2000$ nearly round SDSS elliptical galaxies under a variety of assumptions on VD anisotropy, and then compare the predicted distribution of VDP slopes with the observed distribution in 11 ATLAS3d galaxies selected with essentially the same criteria. Read More

The extraction of detailed nuclear structure information from transfer reactions requires reliable, well-normalized data as well as optical potentials and a theoretical framework demonstrated to work well in the relevant mass and beam energy ranges. It is rare that the theoretical ingredients can be tested well for exotic nuclei owing to the paucity of data. The halo nucleus Be-11 has been examined through the 10Be(d,p) reaction in inverse kinematics at equivalent deuteron energies of 12,15,18, and 21. Read More

We study profiles of mass density, velocity dispersion (VD), and their combination using $\sim 2000$ nearly spherical and rotation-free SDSS galaxies. For observational stellar mass density $\rho_{\star}(r)$ we consider a range of dark matter (DM) distribution $\rho_{\rm{DM}}(r)$ and VD anisotropy $\beta(r)$ to investigate radial stellar VD $\sigma_{\rm\star r}(r)$ using the spherical Jeans equation. While mass and VD profiles vary appreciably depending on DM distribution and anisotropy, the pseudo-phase-space density-like combination $\rho(r)/\sigma_{\rm\star r}^3(r)$ with total density $\rho(r)= \rho_{\star}(r)+\rho_{\rm{DM}}(r)$ is nearly universal. Read More

We assemble a statistical set of global mass models for ~2,000 nearly spherical SDSS galaxies at a mean redshift of 0.12 based on their aperture velocity dispersions and newly derived luminosity profiles in conjunction with published velocity dispersion profiles and empirical properties and relations of galaxy and halo parameters. When two-component (i. Read More

Present work investigates the magnetic and electronic structure of MgO/Fe/MgO/Fe/Co/Au multilayer stack grown on Si(100) substrates by electron beam evaporation method. X-ray diffraction study depicts polycrystalline nature of the multilayers. Results obtained from vibrating sample magnetometry (VSM) and near-edge X-ray absorption fine structure spectra (NEXAFS) at Fe & Co L- and Mg & O K-edges are applied to understand the magnetic and electronic properties of this stack and its interface properties. Read More

The best examples of halo nuclei, exotic systems with a diffuse nuclear cloud surrounding a tightly-bound core, are found in the light, neutron-rich region, where the halo neutrons experience only weak binding and a weak, or no, potential barrier. Modern direct reaction measurement techniques provide powerful probes of the structure of exotic nuclei. Despite more than four decades of these studies on the benchmark one-neutron halo nucleus Be-11, the spectroscopic factors for the two bound states remain poorly constrained. Read More

With SDSS galaxy data and halo data from up-to-date N-body simulations we construct a semi-empirical catalog (SEC) of early-type systems by making a self-consistent bivariate statistical match of stellar mass (M_star) and velocity dispersion (sigma) with halo virial mass (M_vir). We then assign stellar mass profile and velocity dispersion profile parameters to each system in the SEC using their observed correlations with M_star and sigma. Simultaneously, we solve for dark matter density profile of each halo using the spherical Jeans equation. Read More

The effects of 200-MeV Ag^{+15} ion irradiation on the optical properties of TiO_{2} and SnO_{2} thin films prepared by using the RF magnetron sputtering technique were investigated. These films were characterized by using UV-vis spectroscopy, and with increasing irradiation fluence, the transmittance for the TiO_{2} films was observed to increase systematically while that for SnO_{2} was observed to decrease. Absorption spectra of the irradiated samples showed minor changes in the indirect bandgap from 3. Read More

Carbon nanotubes are a fraction of the size of transistors used in today's best microchips, as it could reduce power demands and heating in next electronics revolution. Present study investigates the electronic and magnetic structure of multi walled carbon nanotubes (MWCNT) synthesized by chemical vapor deposition technique using near edge x-ray absorption spectroscopy (NEXAFS) measurement at C K-edge and x-ray magnetic circular dichroism (XMCD) at Co and Fe $L_{3,2}$ -edges. NEXAFS at C K-edge shows significant $\pi$-bonding, and Fe(Co) L-edge proves the presence of Co$^{2+}$ and Fe$^{2+}$ in octahedral symmetry, and embedded in C-matrix of MWCNT. Read More

The (d,p) neutron transfer and (d,d) elastic scattering reactions were measured in inverse kinematics using a radioactive ion beam of 132Sn at 630 MeV. The elastic scattering data were taken in a region where Rutherford scattering dominated the reaction, and nuclear effects account for less than 8% of the cross section. The magnitude of the nuclear effects was found to be independent of the optical potential used, allowing the transfer data to be normalized in a reliable manner. Read More

Atomic nuclei have a shell structure where nuclei with 'magic numbers' of neutrons and protons are analogous to the noble gases in atomic physics. Only ten nuclei with the standard magic numbers of both neutrons and protons have so far been observed. The nuclear shell model is founded on the precept that neutrons and protons can move as independent particles in orbitals with discrete quantum numbers, subject to a mean field generated by all the other nucleons. Read More

We employ a bias-corrected abundance matching technique to investigate the coevolution of the LCDM dark halo mass function (HMF), the observationally derived velocity dispersion and stellar mass functions (VDF, SMF) of galaxies between z=1 and 0. We use for the first time the evolution of the VDF constrained through strong lensing statistics by Chae (2010) for galaxy-halo abundance matching studies. As a local benchmark we use a couple of z ~ 0 VDFs (a Monte-Carlo realised VDF based on SDSS DR5 and a directly measured VDF based on SDSS DR6). Read More

Spectroscopic factors have been extracted for proton rich 34Ar and neutron rich 46Ar using the (p,d) neutron transfer reaction. The experimental results show little reduction of the ground state neutron spectroscopic factor of the proton rich nucleus 34Ar compared to that of 46Ar. The results suggest that correlations, which generally reduce such spectroscopic factors, do not depend strongly on the neutron-proton asymmetry of the nucleus in this isotopic region as was reported in knockout reactions. Read More

We report structural and magnetic properties of pure ZnO rods using X-ray diffraction (XRD), magnetization hysteresis (M-H) loop and near edge x-ray fine structure spectroscopy (NEXAFS) study at O K edge. Sample of ZnO was prepared by co-precipitation method. XRD and selective area electron diffraction measurements infer that ZnO rods exhibit a single phase polycrystalline nature with wurtzite lattice. Read More

Polyhedral nanocrystals of -Fe2O3 are successfully synthesized by annealing FeCl3 on silicon substrate at 1000 oC in the presence of H2 gas diluted with argon (Ar). Uniformly shaped polyhedral nanoparticles (diameter ~50-100 nm) are observed at 1000 oC and gases flow rate such as; Ar = 200 ml/min and H2 = 150 ml/min. Non-uniform shaped nanoparticles (diameter ~ 20-70 nm) are also observed at an annealing temperature of 950 oC with lower gases flow rate (Ar = 100 ml/min and H2 = 75 ml/min). Read More

We study galaxy evolution from z=1 to z=0 as a function of velocity dispersion sigma for galaxies with sigma > 95 km/s based on the measured and Monte Carlo realised local velocity dispersion functions (VDFs) of galaxies and the revised statistical properties of 30 strongly-lensed sources. We assume that the total (luminous plus dark) mass profile of a galaxy is isothermal in the optical region for 0 < z < 1 as suggested by mass modelling of lensing galaxies. For the evolutionary behaviours of the VDFs we find that: (1) the number density of massive (mostly early-type) galaxies with sigma > 200 km/s evolves differentially in the way that the number density evolution is greater at a higher velocity dispersion; (2) the number density of intermediate and low mass early-type galaxies (95 km/s < sigma < 200 km/s) is nearly constant; (3) the late-type VDF transformed from the Monte Carlo realised circular velocity function is consistent with no evolution in its shape or integrated number density consistent with galaxy survey results. Read More

We improve strong lensing constraints on cosmological parameters in light of the new measurement of the velocity dispersion function of early-type galaxies based on the SDSS DR5 data and recent semi-analytical modeling of galaxy formation. Using both the number statistics of the CLASS statistical sample and the image separation distribution of the CLASS and the PANELS radio-selected lenses, we find the cosmological matter density $\Om = 0.25^{+0. Read More

Semi-analytical models of galaxy formation can be used to predict the evolution of the number density of early-type galaxies as a function of the circular velocity at the virial radius, v_{c,vir}. Gravitational lensing probability and separation distribution on the other hand are sensitive to the velocity dispersion (or circular velocity) at about the effective radius. We adopt the singular isothermal ellipsoid (SIE) lens model to estimate the velocity dispersion at the effective radius. Read More

We use the distribution of gravitationally-lensed image separations observed in the Cosmic Lens All-Sky Survey (CLASS) and the PMN-NVSS Extragalactic Lens Survey (PANELS), which are (nearly) complete for the image separation range $0''.3 \le \Delta \theta \le 6''$, to constrain a model velocity dispersion function (VF) of early-type galaxies. Assuming a current concordance cosmological model and adopting a singular isothermal ellipsoid (SIE) model for galactic potentials, we consider constraining both a characteristic velocity dispersion (parameter $\sigma_*$) and the shape of the function (parameters $\alpha$ and $\beta$; Sheth et al. Read More

We use the statistics of strong gravitational lensing based on the Cosmic Lens All-Sky Survey (CLASS) data to constrain cosmological parameters in a spatially-flat, inverse power-law potential energy density, scalar-field dark energy cosmological model. The lensing-based constraints are consistent with, but weaker than, those derived from Type Ia supernova redshift-magnitude data, and mildly favor the Einstein cosmological constant limit of this dark energy model. Read More

We use gravitational lenses from the Cosmic Lens All-Sky Survey (CLASS) to constrain the evolution of galaxies since redshift $z \sim 1$ in the current $\LCDM$ cosmology. This constraint is unique as it is based on a mass-selected lens sample of galaxies. Our method of statistical analysis is the same as in Chae (2003). Read More

Extensive analyses of statistical strong gravitational lensing are performed based on the final Cosmic Lens All Sky Survey (CLASS) well-defined statistical sample of flat spectrum radio sources and current estimates of galaxy luminosity functions per morphological type. The analyses are done under the assumption that galactic lenses are well-approximated by singular isothermal ellipsoids and early-type galaxies evolved passively since redshift $z \sim 1$. Depending on how the late-type galaxy population is treated (i. Read More

Affiliations: 1The CLASS collaboration, 2The CLASS collaboration, 3The CLASS collaboration, 4The CLASS collaboration, 5The CLASS collaboration, 6The CLASS collaboration, 7The CLASS collaboration, 8The CLASS collaboration, 9The CLASS collaboration, 10The CLASS collaboration, 11The CLASS collaboration, 12The CLASS collaboration, 13The CLASS collaboration, 14The CLASS collaboration, 15The CLASS collaboration, 16The CLASS collaboration, 17The CLASS collaboration, 18The CLASS collaboration, 19The CLASS collaboration, 20The CLASS collaboration, 21The CLASS collaboration, 22The CLASS collaboration
Category: Astrophysics

We report the final results of the search for gravitationally lensed flat-spectrum radio sources found in the combination of CLASS (Cosmic Lens All Sky Survey) and JVAS (Jodrell-Bank VLA Astrometric Survey). VLA observations of 16,503 sources have been made, resulting in the largest sample of arcsec-scale lens systems available. Contained within the 16,503 sources is a complete sample of 11,685 sources having two-point spectral indices between 1. Read More

Affiliations: 1Jodrell Bank, 2Univ. Penn, 3Jodrell Bank, 4Kapteyn Institute, 5Jodrell Bank, 6Caltech, 7Jodrell Bank, 8NRAO, 9Caltech, 10Jodrell Bank, 11STScI, 12Jodrell Bank, 13Caltech, 14Jodrell Bank, 15Caltech
Category: Astrophysics

We report the discovery of a new gravitational lens system from the CLASS survey. Radio observations with the VLA, the WSRT and MERLIN show that the radio source B0850+054 is comprised of two compact components with identical spectra, a separation of 0.7 arcsec and a flux density ratio of 6:1. Read More

Affiliations: 1University of Manchester JBO, 2University of Manchester JBO, 3University of Manchester JBO, 4University of Manchester JBO, 5University of Manchester JBO, 6University of Manchester JBO, 7CalTech, 8Kapteyn Inst. Groningen, 9University of Manchester JBO, 10STScI, 11CalTech, 12University of Manchester JBO, 13NRAO Socorro, 14University of Manchester JBO, 15CalTech, 16University of Manchester JBO, 17CalTech, 18University of Pennsylvania, 19University of Manchester JBO
Category: Astrophysics

A new two-image gravitational lens system has been discovered as a result of the Cosmic Lens All-Sky Survey (CLASS). Radio observations with the VLA, MERLIN and the VLBA at increasingly higher resolutions all show two components with a flux density ratio of ~7:1 and a separation of 1.34". Read More

Affiliations: 1The CLASS collaboration, 2The CLASS collaboration, 3The CLASS collaboration, 4The CLASS collaboration, 5The CLASS collaboration, 6The CLASS collaboration, 7The CLASS collaboration, 8The CLASS collaboration, 9The CLASS collaboration, 10The CLASS collaboration, 11The CLASS collaboration, 12The CLASS collaboration, 13The CLASS collaboration, 14The CLASS collaboration, 15The CLASS collaboration, 16The CLASS collaboration, 17The CLASS collaboration, 18The CLASS collaboration, 19The CLASS collaboration, 20The CLASS collaboration, 21The CLASS collaboration, 22The CLASS collaboration, 23The CLASS collaboration
Category: Astrophysics

We derive constraints on cosmological parameters and the properties of the lensing galaxies from gravitational lens statistics based on the final Cosmic Lens All Sky Survey (CLASS) data. For a flat universe with a classical cosmological constant, we find that the present matter fraction of the critical density is $\Omega_{\rm m}=0.31^{+0. Read More

Fourier series solutions to the deflection and magnification by a family of three-dimensional cusped two power-law ellipsoidal mass distributions are presented. The cusped two power-law ellipsoidal mass distributions are characterized by inner and outer power-law radial indices and a break (or, transition) radius. The model family includes mass models mimicking Jaffe, Hernquist, and $\eta$ models and dark matter halo profiles from numerical simulations. Read More

We report the results of HST WFPC2 broadband F555W and F702W photometric and F555W polarimetric observations of the "Cloverleaf" QSO H1413+1143. This is a four-component gravitationally-lensed broad absorption line (BAL) QSO. Observations were obtained at two epochs in March 1999 and June 1999 separated by about 100 days. Read More

We test possible lensing scenarios of the JVAS system B2114+022, in which two galaxies at different redshifts (``G1'' at $z_1 = 0.3157$ and ``G2'' at $z_2 = 0.5883$) are found within 2 arcseconds of quadruple radio sources. Read More

The gravitational lens 0957+561 is modeled utilizing recent observations of the galaxy and the cluster as well as previous VLBI radio data which have been re-analyzed recently. The galaxy is modeled by a power-law elliptical mass density with a small core while the cluster is modeled by a non-singular power-law sphere as indicated by recent observations. Using all of the current available data, the best-fit model has a reduced chi-squared of approximately 6 where the chi-squared value is dominated by a small portion of the observational constraints used; this value of the reduced chi-squared is similar to that of the recent FGSE best-fit model by Barkana et al. Read More

We investigate gravitational lens models for the quadruply-lensed Cloverleaf BAL QSO H1413+1143 based on the HST WFPC/WFPC2 astrometric and photometric data of the system by Turnshek et al. and the HST NICMOS-2 data by Falco et al. The accurate image positions and the dust-extinction-corrected relative amplifications, along with a possible detection of the lensing galaxy in the infrared, permit more accurate lens models than were previously possible. Read More

We present an analytical formulation of gravitational lensing using familiar triaxial power-law mass distributions, where the 3-dimensional mass density is given by $\rho(X,Y,Z) = \rho_0 [1 + (\frac{X}{a})^2 + (\frac{Y}{b})^2 + (\frac{Z}{c})^2]^{-\nu/2}$. The deflection angle and magnification factor are obtained analytically as Fourier series. We give the exact expressions for the deflection angle and magnification factor. Read More