K. Fujii - Yokohama City University

K. Fujii
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Name
K. Fujii
Affiliation
Yokohama City University
City
Yokohama-shi
Country
Japan

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High Energy Physics - Experiment (18)
 
Quantum Physics (15)
 
High Energy Physics - Phenomenology (14)
 
Physics - Instrumentation and Detectors (7)
 
Astrophysics of Galaxies (6)
 
Computer Science - Computational Complexity (5)
 
Nuclear Experiment (3)
 
Physics - Accelerator Physics (2)
 
Physics - Strongly Correlated Electrons (2)
 
Physics - Statistical Mechanics (2)
 
High Energy Astrophysical Phenomena (2)
 
Physics - Physics and Society (1)
 
Solar and Stellar Astrophysics (1)
 
Mathematics - Mathematical Physics (1)
 
Mathematical Physics (1)
 
Physics - Disordered Systems and Neural Networks (1)
 
Cosmology and Nongalactic Astrophysics (1)
 
Statistics - Applications (1)
 
High Energy Physics - Theory (1)
 
Physics - Superconductivity (1)
 
Statistics - Machine Learning (1)
 
Computer Science - Artificial Intelligence (1)
 
Computer Science - Learning (1)
 
Nonlinear Sciences - Chaotic Dynamics (1)
 
Computer Science - Neural and Evolutionary Computing (1)
 
Physics - Materials Science (1)

Publications Authored By K. Fujii

In order to realize fault-tolerant quantum computation, tight evaluation of error threshold under practical noise models is essential. While non-Clifford noise is ubiquitous in experiments, the error threshold under non-Clifford noise cannot be efficiently treated with known approaches. We construct an efficient scheme for estimating the error threshold of one-dimensional quantum repetition code under non-Clifford noise. Read More

Fine pixel CCD (FPCCD) is one of the candidate sensor technologies for the vertex detector used for experiments at the International Linear Collider (ILC). FPCCD vertex detector is supposed to be cooled down to -40 degree for improvement of radiation immunity. For this purpose, a two-phase CO2 cooling system using a gas compressor for CO2 circulation is being developed at KEK. Read More

This paper addresses the question of whether the International Linear Collider has the capability of discovering new particles that have not already been discovered at the CERN Large Hadron Collider. We summarize the various paths to discovery offered by the ILC, and discuss them in the context of three different scenarios: 1. LHC does not discover any new particles, 2. Read More

Weakly Interacting Massive Particles (WIMPs, $\chi$) are candidates for Dark Matter. WIMP searches at lepton colliders are complementary to searches at hadron colliders and direct and indirect detection, since they directly probe the coupling to electrons which a priori is independent of the coupling to hadrons. Like at hadron colliders, WIMP pair production can be observed via an additional tag particle, in particular a photon from initial state radiation ($e^+e^-\rightarrow\chi\chi\gamma$). Read More

We analyzed the 2.6-mm CO and 21-cm HI lines toward the Magellanic superbubble 30 Doradus C, in order to reveal the associated molecular and atomic gas. We uncovered five molecular clouds in a velocity range from 251 to 276 km s$^{-1}$ toward the western shell. Read More

A core prediction of natural Supersymmetry is the existence of four light higgsinos not too far above the mass of the $Z$ boson. The small mass splittings amongst the higgsinos -- typically 5-20\,GeV -- imply very little visible energy release from decays of heavier higgsinos. In particular, if other SUSY particles are quite heavy, as can be the case in SUSY with radiatively-driven naturalness, the higgsinos are extremely hard to detect at hadron colliders. Read More

GPflow is a Gaussian process library that uses TensorFlow for its core computations and Python for its front end. The distinguishing features of GPflow are that it uses variational inference as the primary approximation method, provides concise code through the use of automatic differentiation, has been engineered with a particular emphasis on software testing and is able to exploit GPU hardware. Read More

The one-clean qubit model (or the DQC1 model) is a restricted model of quantum computing where only a single qubit of the initial state is pure and others are maximally mixed. Although the model is not universal, it can efficiently solve several problems whose classical efficient solutions are not known. Furthermore, it was recently shown that if the one-clean qubit model is classically efficiently simulated, the polynomial hierarchy collapses to the second level. Read More

The low-energy physics of a superfluid 3He-B is governed by Nambu-Goldstone bosons resulting from its characteristic symmetry breaking pattern. Here we construct an effective field theory at zero temperature consistent with all available symmetries in curved space, which are the U(1) phase x SU(2) spin x SO(3) orbital gauge invariance and the nonrelativistic general coordinate invariance, up to the next-to-leading order in a derivative expansion. The obtained low-energy effective field theory is capable of predicting gyromagnetic responses of the superfluid 3He-B, such as a magnetization generated by a rotation and an orbital angular momentum generated by a magnetic field, in a model-independent and nonperturbative way. Read More

Quantum systems, in general, output data that cannot be simulated efficiently by a classical computer, and hence is useful for solving certain mathematical problems and simulating quantum many-body systems. This also implies, unfortunately, that verification of the output of the quantum systems is not so trivial, since predicting the output is exponentially hard. As another problem, quantum system is very delicate for noise and thus needs error correction. Read More

Demonstrating quantum supremacy, a complexity-guaranteed quantum advantage against over the best classical algorithms by using less universal quantum devices, is an important near-term milestone for quantum information processing. Here we develop a threshold theorem for quantum supremacy with noisy quantum circuits in the pre-threshold region, where quantum error correction does not work directly. We show that, even in such a region, we can virtually simulate quantum error correction by postselection. Read More

What happens if in QMA the quantum channel between Merlin and Arthur is noisy? It is not difficult to show that such a modification does not change the computational power as long as the noise is not too strong so that errors are correctable with high probability, since if Merlin encodes the witness state in a quantum error-correction code and sends it to Arthur, Arthur can correct the error caused by the noisy channel. If we further assume that Arthur can do only single-qubit measurements, however, the problem becomes nontrivial, since in this case Arthur cannot do the universal quantum computation by himself. In this paper, we show that such a restricted complexity class is still equivalent to QMA. Read More

We developed a method to infer the calibration parameters of multichannel measurement systems, such as channel variations of sensitivity and noise amplitude, from experimental data. We regard such uncertainties of the calibration parameters as dependent noise. The statistical properties of the dependent noise and that of the latent functions were modeled and implemented in the Gaussian process kernel. Read More

In this paper we study the direct production of the diphoton resonance $X$ which has been suggested by 2015 data at the LHC, in $e^+e^-\to X\gamma/XZ$ processes at the ILC. We derive an analytic expression for the scattering amplitudes of these processes, and present a comprehensive analysis for determining the properties of $X$ at the ILC. A realistic simulation study for $e^+e^-\to X\gamma$ is performed based on the full detector simulation to demonstrate the capabilities of the ILC experiment. Read More

2016Jul
Affiliations: 1LCC Physics Working Group, 2LCC Physics Working Group, 3LCC Physics Working Group, 4LCC Physics Working Group, 5LCC Physics Working Group, 6LCC Physics Working Group, 7LCC Physics Working Group, 8LCC Physics Working Group, 9LCC Physics Working Group, 10LCC Physics Working Group, 11LCC Physics Working Group, 12LCC Physics Working Group, 13LCC Physics Working Group, 14LCC Physics Working Group, 15LCC Physics Working Group, 16LCC Physics Working Group, 17LCC Physics Working Group, 18LCC Physics Working Group, 19LCC Physics Working Group, 20LCC Physics Working Group, 21LCC Physics Working Group, 22LCC Physics Working Group, 23LCC Physics Working Group, 24LCC Physics Working Group, 25LCC Physics Working Group

If the gamma-gamma resonance at 750 GeV suggested by 2015 LHC data turns out to be a real effect, what are the implications for the physics case and upgrade path of the International Linear Collider? Whether or not the resonance is confirmed, this question provides an interesting case study testing the robustness of the ILC physics case. In this note, we address this question with two points: (1) Almost all models proposed for the new 750 GeV particle require additional new particles with electroweak couplings. The key elements of the 500 GeV ILC physics program---precision measurements of the Higgs boson, the top quark, and 4-fermion interactions---will powerfully discriminate among these models. Read More

Blind quantum computation (BQC) allows a client, who only possesses relatively poor quantum devices, to delegate universal quantum computation to a server, who has a fully fledged quantum computer, in such a way that the server cannot know the client's input, quantum algorithm, and output. In the existing verification schemes of BQC, any suspicious deviation on the trap qubits is rejected, and hence the acceptance rate of the output decreases exponentially in the number of trap qubits even under not malicious server's deviation or quantum channel noise. This degrades the practicability of the verifiable BQC protocol. Read More

We have developed a novel technique for the measurement of the avalanche fluctuation of gaseous detectors using a UV laser. The technique is simple and requires a short data-taking time of about ten minutes. Furthermore, it is applicable for relatively low gas gains. Read More

A summary is presented of the workshop "top physics at linear colliders" that was held at IFIC Valencia from the 30th of June to the 3rd July 2015. We present an up-to-date status report of studies into the potential for top quark physics of lepton colliders with an energy reach that exceeds the top quark pair production threshold, with a focus on the linear collider projects ILC and CLIC. This summary shows that such projects can offer very competitive determinations of top quark properties (mass, width) and its interactions with other Standard Model particles, in particular electroweak gauge bosons and the Higgs boson. Read More

This paper presents a full simulation study of the measurement of the production cross section ($\sigma_{\mathrm{ZH}}$) of the Higgsstrahlung process $\mathrm{e^{+}e^{-}\rightarrow ZH}$ and the Higgs boson mass ($M_{\mathrm{H}}$) at the International Linear Collider (ILC), using events in which a Higgs boson recoils against a Z boson decaying into a pair of muons or electrons. The analysis is carried out for three center-of-mass energies $\sqrt{s}$ = 250, 350, and 500 GeV, and two beam polarizations $\mathrm{e_{L}^{-}e_{R}^{+}}$ and $\mathrm{e_{R}^{-}e_{L}^{+}}$, for which the polarizations of $\mathrm{e^{-}}$ and $\mathrm{e^{+}}$ are $\left(P\mathrm{e^{-}},P\mathrm{e^{+}}\right)$ =($-$80\%, +30\%) and (+80\%, $-$30\%), respectively. Assuming an integrated luminosity of 250 $\mathrm{fb^{-1}}$ for each beam polarization at $\sqrt{s}$ = 250 GeV, where the best lepton momentum resolution is obtainable, $\sigma_{\mathrm{ZH}}$ and $M_{\mathrm{H}}$ can be determined with a precision of 2. Read More

In our preceeding reports, we have pointed out that a unified description of weak decays accompanying neutrinos and the oscillation process is obtained on the basis of the expectation values of flavor-neutrino numbers with respect to the neutrino-source hadron state. In the present report, we investigate the effect on the expectation values due to the deviation from Fermi's golden relation, and give concrete features of these deviations in the case of $\pi^+$ and $K^+$-decays under the simple situation with the $3$-momentum $\vec{p_A}=0$ for $A=\pi^+$, $K^+$. %numerical results under simple situations. Read More

For the International Large Detector concept at the planned International Linear Collider, the use of time projection chambers (TPC) with micro-pattern gas detector readout as the main tracking detector is investigated. In this paper, results from a prototype TPC, placed in a 1 T solenoidal field and read out with three independent GEM-based readout modules, are reported. The TPC was exposed to a 6 GeV electron beam at the DESY II synchrotron. Read More

Quantum computer has an amazing potential of fast information processing. However, realisation of a digital quantum computer is still a challenging problem requiring highly accurate controls and key application strategies. Here we propose a novel platform, quantum reservoir computing, to solve these issues successfully by exploiting natural quantum dynamics, which is ubiquitous in laboratories nowadays, for machine learning. Read More

The model independent measurement of the absolute ZH cross section of the Higgsstrahlung process e+e- -> ZH is an unique measurement at the ILC indispensable for measuring the Higgs couplings and their deviations from the Standard Model in order to identify new physics models. The performance in measuring the ZH cross section using events in which the Higgs boson recoils against a Z boson which decays into a pair of muons or electrons has been demonstrated based on full simulation of the ILD detector for three center of mass energies 250, 350, and 500 GeV, and two beam polarizations (Pe-,Pe+) =(-80%, +30%) and (+80%, -30%). This paper demonstrates in detail that the analysis which achieved these results are model independent to the sub-percent level. Read More

New results are reported from an ongoing international research effort to accurately determine the Avogadro constant by counting the atoms in an isotopically enriched silicon crystal. The surfaces of two 28Si-enriched spheres were decontaminated and reworked in order to produce an outer surface without metal contamination and improved sphericity. New measurements were then made on these two reconditioned spheres using improved methods and apparatuses. Read More

An additional value of the Avogadro constant was obtained by counting the atoms in isotopically enriched Si spheres. With respect to the previous determination, the spheres were etched and repolished to eliminate metal contaminations and to improve the roundness. In addition, all the input quantities -- molar mass, lattice parameter, mass, and volume -- were remeasured aiming at a smaller uncertainty. Read More

2015Oct

The ILC Technical Design Report documents the design of a 500 GeV linear collider, but does not specify the center-of-mass energy steps of operation for the collider. The ILC Parameters Joint Working Group has studied possible running scenarios, including a realistic estimate of the real time accumulation of integrated luminosity based on ramp-up and upgrade processes, and considered the evolution of the physics outcomes. These physics goals include Higgs precision measurements, top quark measurements and searches for new physics. Read More

Double electron capture is a rare nuclear decay process in which two orbital electrons are captured simultaneously in the same nucleus. Measurement of its two-neutrino mode would provide a new reference for the calculation of nuclear matrix elements whereas observation of its neutrinoless mode would demonstrate lepton number violation. A search for two-neutrino double electron capture on $^{124}$Xe is performed using 165. Read More

We have observed the HC3N (J=10-9) and N2H+ (J=1-0) lines toward the Vela C molecular clouds with the Mopra 22 m telescope to study chemical characteristics of dense cores. The intensity distributions of these molecules are similar to each other at an angular resolution of 53", corresponding to 0.19 pc suggesting that these molecules trace the same dense cores. Read More

This paper investigates the power of polynomial-time quantum computation in which only a very limited number of qubits are initially clean in the |0> state, and all the remaining qubits are initially in the totally mixed state. No initializations of qubits are allowed during the computation, nor intermediate measurements. The main results of this paper are unexpectedly strong error-reducible properties of such quantum computations. Read More

We evaluate the measurement precision of the production cross section times the branching ratio of the Higgs boson decaying into tau lepton pairs at the International Linear Collider (ILC). We analyze various final states associated with the main production mechanisms of the Higgs boson, the Higgs-strahlung and WW-fusion processes. The statistical precision of the production cross section times the branching ratio is estimated to be 2. Read More

The ILC Technical Design Report documents the design for the construction of a linear collider which can be operated at energies up to 500 GeV. This report summarizes the outcome of a study of possible running scenarios, including a realistic estimate of the real time accumulation of integrated luminosity based on ramp-up and upgrade processes. The evolution of the physics outcomes is emphasized, including running initially at 500 GeV, then at 350 GeV and 250 GeV. Read More

We show that the class QMA does not change even if we restrict Arthur's computing ability to only Clifford gate operations (plus classical XOR gate). The idea is to use the fact that the preparation of certain single-qubit states, so called magic states, plus any Clifford gate operations are universal for quantum computing. If Merlin is honest, he sends the witness plus magic states to Arthur. Read More

We summarize the physics case for the International Linear Collider (ILC). We review the key motivations for the ILC presented in the literature, updating the projected measurement uncertainties for the ILC experiments in accord with the expected schedule of operation of the accelerator and the results of the most recent simulation studies. Read More

Blind quantum computation (BQC) allows a client (Alice), who only possesses relatively poor quantum devices, to delegate universal quantum computation to a server (Bob) in such a way that Bob cannot know Alice's inputs, algorithm, and outputs. The quantum channel between Alice and Bob is noisy, and the loss over the long-distance quantum communication should also be taken into account. Here we propose to use decoherence-free subspace (DFS) to overcome the collective noise in the quantum channel for BQC, which we call DFS-BQC. Read More

We present distributions of two molecular clouds having velocities of 2 km s$^{-1}$ and 14 km s$^{-1}$ toward RCW 38, the youngest super star cluster in the Milky Way, in the $^{12}$CO ($J=$1--0 and 3--2) and $^{13}$CO ($J=$1--0) transitions. The two clouds are likely physically associated with the cluster as verified by the high intensity ratio of the $J$=3--2 emission to the $J$=1--0 emission, the bridging feature connecting the two clouds in velocity and their morphological correspondence with the infrared dust emission. The total mass of the clouds and the cluster is too small to gravitationally bind the velocity difference. Read More

A comprehensive review of physics at an e+e- Linear Collider in the energy range of sqrt{s}=92 GeV--3 TeV is presented in view of recent and expected LHC results, experiments from low energy as well as astroparticle physics.The report focuses in particular on Higgs boson, Top quark and electroweak precision physics, but also discusses several models of beyond the Standard Model physics such as Supersymmetry, little Higgs models and extra gauge bosons. The connection to cosmology has been analyzed as well. Read More

This is a comprehensive review on fault-tolerant topological quantum computation with the surface codes. The basic concepts and useful tools underlying fault-tolerant quantum computation, such as universal quantum computation, stabilizer formalism, and measurement-based quantum computation, are also provided in a pedagogical way. Topological quantum computation by brading the defects on the surface code is explained in both circuit-based and measurement-based models in such a way that their relation is clear. Read More

We evaluate the expected measurement accuracy of the branching ratio of the Standard Model Higgs boson decaying into tau pairs at the ILC with a full simulation of the ILD detector concept. We assume a Higgs mass of 125 GeV, a branching ratio of BR($h \to \tau ^+ \tau ^-$) = 6.32%, a beam polarization of electron (positron) of -0. Read More

We report preliminary results of large-scale distribution toward the Magellanic supernova remnant N132D using Mopra and Chandra archival datasets. We identified a cavity-like CO structure along the X-ray shell toward the southern half of it. The total mass of associating molecular gas is $\sim10^4 M_\odot$, which is smaller than the previous study by an order of magnitude. Read More

In this paper we consider so-called Google matrices and show that all eigenvalues ($\lambda$) of them have a fundamental property $|\lambda|\leq 1$. The stochastic eigenvector corresponding to $\lambda=1$ called the PageRank vector plays a central role in the Google's software. We study it in detail and present some important problems. Read More

2014Dec
Authors: n_TOF Collaboration, :, E. Mendoza, D. Cano-Ott, C. Guerrero, E. Berthoumieux, U. Abbondanno, G. Aerts, F. Alvarez-Velarde, S. Andriamonje, J. Andrzejewski, P. Assimakopoulos, L. Audouin, G. Badurek, J. Balibrea, P. Baumann, F. Becvar, F. Belloni, F. Calvino, M. Calviani, R. Capote, C. Carrapico, A. Carrillo de Albornoz, P. Cennini, V. Chepel, E. Chiaveri, N. Colonna, G. Cortes, A. Couture, J. Cox, M. Dahlfors, S. David, I. Dillmann, R. Dolfini, C. Domingo-Pardo, W. Dridi, I. Duran, C. Eleftheriadis, L. Ferrant, A. Ferrari, R. Ferreira-Marques, L. Fitzpatrick, H. Frais-Koelbl, K. Fujii, W. Furman, I. Goncalves, E. Gonzalez-Romero, A. Goverdovski, F. Gramegna, E. Griesmayer, F. Gunsing, B. Haas, R. Haight, M. Heil, A. Herrera-Martinez, M. Igashira, S. Isaev, E. Jericha, F. Kappeler, Y. Kadi, D. Karadimos, D. Karamanis, V. Ketlerov, M. Kerveno, P. Koehler, V. Konovalov, E. Kossionides, M. Krticka, C. Lampoudis, H. Leeb, A. Lindote, I. Lopes, R. Lossito, M. Lozano, S. Lukic, J. Marganiec, L. Marques, S. Marrone, T. Martinez, C. Massimi, P. Mastinu, A. Mengoni, P. M. Milazzo, C. Moreau, M. Mosconi, F. Neves, H. Oberhummer, S. O Brien, M. Oshima, J. Pancin, C. Papachristodoulou, C. Papadopoulos, C. Paradela, N. Patronis, A. Pavlik, P. Pavlopoulos, L. Perrot, M. T. Pigni, R. Plag, A. Plompen, A. Plukis, A. Poch, J. Praena, C. Pretel, J. Quesada, T. Rauscher, R. Reifarth, M. Rosetti, C. Rubbia, G. Rudolf, P. Rullhusen, J. Salgado, C. Santos, L. Sarchiapone, I. Savvidis, C. Stephan, G. Tagliente, J. L. Tain, L. Tassan-Got, L. Tavora, R. Terlizzi, G. Vannini, P. Vaz, A. Ventura, D. Villamarin, M. C. Vicente, V. Vlachoudis, R. Vlastou, F. Voss, S. Walter, H. Wendler, M. Wiescher, K. Wisshak

Background:The design of new nuclear reactors and transmutation devices requires to reduce the present neutron cross section uncertainties of minor actinides. Purpose: Reduce the $^{243}$Am(n,$\gamma$) cross section uncertainty. Method: The $^{243}$Am(n,$\gamma$) cross section has been measured at the n_TOF facility at CERN with a BaF$_{2}$ Total Absorption Calorimeter, in the energy range between 0. Read More

We investigate the effects of Supergiant Shells (SGSs) and their interaction on dense molecular clumps by observing the Large Magellanic Cloud (LMC) star forming regions N48 and N49, which are located between two SGSs, LMC 4 and LMC 5. $^{12}$CO ($J$=3-2, 1-0) and $^{13}$CO ($J$=1-0) observations with the ASTE and Mopra telescopes have been carried out towards these regions. A clumpy distribution of dense molecular clumps is revealed with 7 pc spatial resolution. Read More

Deterministic quantum computation with one quantum bit (DQC1) is a restricted model of quantum computing where the input state is the completely mixed state except for a single clean qubit, and only a single output qubit is measured at the end of the computing. It is proved that the restriction of quantum computation to the DQC1 model does not change the complexity classes NQP and SBQP. As a main consequence, it follows that the DQC1 model cannot be efficiently simulated by classical computers unless the polynomial-time hierarchy collapses to the second level (more precisely, to AM), which answers the long-standing open problem posed by Knill and Laflamme under the very plausible complexity assumption. Read More

On the basis of quantum field theory, we consider a unified description of various processes accompanied by neutrinos, namely weak decays and oscillation processes. The structures of the expectation values of flavor-neutrino numbers with respect to neutrino-source hadron state are investigated. Due to the smallness of neutrino masses, we naturally obtain the old (i. Read More

It is often said that the transition from quantum to classical worlds is caused by decoherence originated from an interaction between a system of interest and its surrounding environment. Here we establish a computational quantum-classical boundary from the viewpoint of classical simulatability of a quantum system under decoherence. Specifically, we consider commuting quantum circuits being subject to decoherence. Read More

Bosonic superweakly interacting massive particles (super-WIMPs) are a candidate for warm dark matter. With the absorption of such a boson by a xenon atom these dark matter candidates would deposit an energy equivalent to their rest mass in the detector. This is the first direct detection experiment exploring the vector super-WIMPs in the mass range between 40 and 120 keV. Read More

We investigate quantum computational complexity of calculating partition functions of Ising models. We construct a quantum algorithm for an additive approximation of Ising partition functions on square lattices. To this end, we utilize the overlap mapping developed by Van den Nest, D\"ur, and Briegel [Phys. Read More

In this paper we discuss a master equation applied to the two level system of an atom and derive an exact solution to it in an abstract manner. We also present a problem and a conjecture based on the three level system. Our results may give a small hint to understand the huge transition from Quantum World to Classical World. Read More

We present evidence that super giant HII regions (GHRs) and other disk regions of the nearby spiral galaxy, M33, occupy distinct locations in the correlation between molecular gas, $\Sigma_{\rm H_2}$, and the star formation rate surface density, $\Sigma_{\rm SFR}$. This result is based on wide field and high sensitivity CO(3-2) observations at 100 pc resolution. Star formation efficiencies (SFE), defined as $\Sigma_{\rm SFR}$/$\Sigma_{\rm H_2}$, in GHRs are found to be about 1 dex higher than in other disk regions. Read More

We determined the crystal structure of Ba$_2$CoSi$_2$O$_6$Cl$_2$, which was synthesized in this work, and investigated its quantum magnetic properties using single crystals. This compound should be described as a two-dimensionally coupled spin-1/2 XY-like spin dimer system. Ba$_2$CoSi$_2$O$_6$Cl$_2$ exhibits a stepwise magnetization process with a plateau at half of the saturation magnetization, irrespective of the field direction, although all the Co$^{2+}$ sites are equivalent. Read More