Junxian Wang - USTC

Junxian Wang
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Junxian Wang

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Astrophysics (18)
Astrophysics of Galaxies (10)
Cosmology and Nongalactic Astrophysics (10)
High Energy Astrophysical Phenomena (6)
Mathematics - Numerical Analysis (2)

Publications Authored By Junxian Wang

A balancing domain decomposition by constraints (BDDC) algorithm with adaptive primal constraints in variational form is introduced and analyzed for high-order mortar discretization of two-dimensional elliptic problems with high varying and random coefficients. Some vector-valued auxiliary spaces and operators with essential properties are defined to describe the variational algorithm, and the coarse space is formed by using a transformation operator on each interface. Compared with the adaptive BDDC algorithms for conforming Galerkin approximations, our algorithm is more simple, because there is not any continuity constraints at subdomain vertices in the mortar method involved in this paper. Read More

The identification of high-redshift massive galaxies with old stellar populations may pose challenges to some models of galaxy formation. However, to securely classify a galaxy as quiescent, it is necessary to exclude significant ongoing star formation, something that can be challenging to achieve at high redshift. In this letter, we analyse deep ALMA/870um and SCUBA-2/450um imaging of the claimed "post-starburst" galaxy ZF-20115 at z=3. Read More

RXJ 1301.9+2747 is an optically identified very low mass AGN candidate with M_BH~1x10^6M_sun, which shows extremely soft X-ray emission and unusual X-ray variability in the form of short-lived flares. We present an analysis of multiwavelength observations of RXJ 1301. Read More

We present the first results from the ongoing LAGER project (Lyman Alpha Galaxies in the Epoch of Reionization), which is the largest narrowband survey for $z\sim$ 7 galaxies to date. Using a specially built narrowband filter NB964 for the superb large-area Dark-Energy Camera (DECam) on the NOAO/CTIO 4m Blanco telescope, LAGER has collected 34 hours NB964 narrowband imaging data in the 3 deg$^2$ COSMOS field. We have identified 27 Lyman Alpha Emitter (LAE) candidates at $z=$ 6. Read More

We studied Lyman-$\alpha$ (Ly$\alpha$) escape in a statistical sample of 43 Green Peas with HST/COS Ly$\alpha$ spectra. Green Peas are nearby star-forming galaxies with strong [OIII]$\lambda$5007 emission lines. Our sample is four times larger than the previous sample and covers a much more complete range of Green Pea properties. Read More

Green Peas are nearby analogs of high-redshift Ly$\alpha$-emitting galaxies. To probe their Ly$\alpha$ escape, we study the spatial profiles of Ly$\alpha$ and UV continuum emission of 24 Green Pea galaxies using the Cosmic Origins Spectrograph (COS) on Hubble Space Telescope (HST). We extract the spatial profiles of Ly$\alpha$ emission from their 2D COS spectra, and of UV continuum from both the 2D spectra and NUV images. Read More

We exploit the 7 Ms \textit{Chandra} observations in the \chandra\,Deep Field-South (\mbox{CDF-S}), the deepest X-ray survey to date, coupled with CANDELS/GOODS-S data, to measure the total X-ray emission arising from 2076 galaxies at $3.5\leq z < 6.5$. Read More

BDDC and FETI-DP algorithms are developed for three-dimensional elliptic problems with adaptively enriched coarse components. It is known that these enriched components are necessary in the development of robust preconditioners. To form the adaptive coarse components, carefully designed generalized eigenvalue problems are introduced for each faces and edges, and the coarse components are formed by using eigenvectors with their corresponding eigenvalues larger than a given tolerance $\lambda_{TOL}$. Read More

We analyze archival Ly$\alpha$ spectra of 12 "Green Pea" galaxies observed with the Hubble Space Telescope, model their Ly$\alpha$ profiles with radiative transfer models, and explore the dependence of Ly$\alpha$ escape fraction on various properties. Green Pea galaxies are nearby compact starburst galaxies with [OIII]$\lambda$5007 equivalent widths of hundreds of \AA. All 12 Green Pea galaxies in our sample show Ly$\alpha$ lines in emission, with a Ly$\alpha$ equivalent width distribution similar to high redshift Ly$\alpha$ emitters. Read More

We utilize the CLASH (Cluster Lensing And Supernova survey with Hubble) observations of 25 clusters to search for extreme emission-line galaxies (EELGs). The selections are carried out in two central bands: F105W (Y105) and F125W (J125), as the flux of the central bands could be enhanced by the presence of [O III] 4959, 5007 at redshift of about 0.93-1. Read More

In the center of active galactic nuclei (AGN), the dusty torus absorb the radiation from the central engine and re-emit in mid-infrared (MIR). Observations have detected moderate anisotropy in the dust MIR emission, in the way that type 1 AGNs (type1s) are mildly brighter in MIR comparing with type 2 sources (type2s). However, type1s and type2s were found to follow statistically the same tight MIR -- hard X-ray correlation, suggesting the MIR emission is highly isotropic assuming the hard X-ray radiation is inclination independent. Read More

Using Ly{\alpha} emission line as a tracer of high redshift star forming galaxies, hundreds of Ly{\alpha} emission line galaxies (LAEs) at z > 5 have been detected. These LAEs are considered to be low mass young galaxies, critical to the reionization of the universe and the metal enrichment of circumgalactic medium (CGM) and intergalactic medium (IGM). It is assumed that outflows in LAEs can help ionizing photons and Ly{\alpha} photons escape out of galaxies. Read More

UM 625, previously identified as a narrow-line active galactic nucleus (AGN), actually exhibits broad \ha\ and \hb\ lines whose width and luminosity indicate a low black hole mass of $1.6 \times 10^6$ \msun. We present a detailed multiwavelength study of the nuclear and host galaxy properties of UM 625. Read More

We present the result of the Chandra high-resolution observation of the Seyfert~2 galaxy NGC 7590. This object was reported to show no X-ray absorption in the low-spatial resolution ASCA data. The XMM observations show that the X-ray emission of NGC 7590 is dominated by an off-nuclear ultra-luminous X-ray source (ULX) and an extended emission from the host galaxy, and the nucleus is rather weak, likely hosting a Compton-thick AGN. Read More

We present XMM-Newton spectra of the Seyfert 2 Galaxy IRAS 00521-7054. A strong feature at ~6 keV (observer's frame) can be formally fitted with a strong (EW=1.3+-0. Read More

Using Chandra High Energy Grating (HEG) observations of 32 AGNs, we present a systematic study of the X-ray Baldwin effect (XBE, i.e. the anti-correlation between narrow Fe K{\alpha} line EW and X-ray continuum luminosity for AGN samples) with the highest spectral resolution currently available. Read More

We present a study of the core of the Fe Ka emission line at ~6.4 keV in a sample of type II Seyfert galaxies observed by the Chandra High Energy Grating (HEG). The sample consists of 29 observations of 10 unique sources. Read More

It has been suggested that the narrow cores of the Fe K$\alpha$ emission lines in Active Galactic Nuclei (AGNs) are likely produced in the torus, the inner radius of which can be measured by observing the lag time between the $V$ and $K$ band flux variations. In this paper we compare the virial products of the infrared time lags and the narrow Fe K$\alpha$ widths for 10 type 1 AGNs with the black hole masses from other techniques. We find the narrow Fe K$\alpha$ line width is in average 2. Read More

We report detections of 39 2175-{\AA} dust extinction bump candidates associated with strong Mg II absorption lines at z$\sim$ 1--1.8 on quasar spectra in Sloan Digital Sky Survey (SDSS) DR3. These strong Mg II absorption line systems are detected among 2,951 strong Mg II absorbers with the rest equivalent width $W_r\lambda2796 >$ 1. Read More

The Nv emission line of active galactic nuclei shows peculiar behavior in the line--continuum correlation, which may be indicative of an extra line component in addition to that from the normal broad emission line region. In this paper, we investigate possible contribution to the Nv emission via resonant scattering of both continuum and Ly alpha in a broad absorption line (BAL) outflow, by performing the Sobolev Monte Carlo simulations. The contribution is dependent on the covering factor, optical depth and velocity profile of the outflow, as well as the equivalent width (EW) of Ly alpha. Read More

Lyman alpha (Lya) emission lines should be attenuated in a neutral intergalactic medium (IGM). Therefore the visibility of Lya emitters at high redshifts can serve as a valuable probe of reionization at about the 50% level. We present an imaging search for z=7. Read More

We investigate the fraction of z ~ 0.3 Lyman alpha emitting galaxies (LAEs) which host active galactic nucleus activity, which is typically from 1 - 5% at 2 < z < 6. Using optical spectroscopy of 23 LAEs at 0. Read More

We compile a large sample of broad absorption lines (BAL) quasars with X-ray observations from the \xmm archive data and Sloan Digital Sky Survey Data Release 5. The sample consists of 41 BAL QSOs. Among 26 BAL quasars detected in X-ray, spectral analysis is possible for twelve objects. Read More

Affiliations: 1USTC, 2USTC, 3USTC, 4USTC, 5USTC, 6USTC
Category: Astrophysics

We have selected a sample of broad absorption line (BAL) quasars which show significant radio variations, indicating the presence of polar BAL outflows. We obtained snapshot XMM observations of four polar BAL QSOs, to check whether strong X-ray absorption, one of the most prominent characteristics of most BAL QSOs, also exist in polar outflows. Two of the sources are detected in X-ray. Read More

Affiliations: 1Department of Physics, Arizona State University, 2School of Earth and Space Exploration, Arizona State University, 3School of Earth and Space Exploration, Arizona State University, 4School of Earth and Space Exploration, Arizona State University, 5Center for Astrophysics, University of Science and Technology of China
Category: Astrophysics

Equivalent widths (EWs) observed in high-redshift Lyman alpha galaxies could be stronger than the EW intrinsic to the stellar population if dust is present residing in clumps in the inter-stellar medium (ISM). In this scenario, continuum photons could be extinguished while the Lyman alpha photons would be resonantly scattered by the clumps, eventually escaping the galaxy. We investigate this radiative transfer scenario with a new sample of six Lyman alpha galaxy candidates in the GOODS CDF-S, selected at z = 4. Read More

We present a catalog of 59 z=4.5 Lyman alpha emitting galaxies spectroscopically confirmed in a campaign of Keck/DEIMOS follow-up observations to candidates selected in the Large Area Lyman Alpha (LALA) narrow-band imaging survey. We targeted 97 candidates for spectroscopic follow-up; by accounting for the variety of conditions under which we performed spectroscopy, we estimate a selection reliability of about 76%. Read More

We present the clustering properties of 151 Lyman alpha emitting galaxies at z ~ 4.5 selected from the Large Area Lyman Alpha (LALA) survey. Our catalog covers an area of 36' x 36' observed with five narrowband filters. Read More


Various studies have claimed that the fraction of obscured AGN drops with luminosity, but contrary results are also reported. We present our recent studies on the fraction of X-ray obscured quasars in Chandra Deep Fields and in the local universe showing that most quasars in CDFs (at redshift of 1 ~ 4) are obscured and a consistent pattern in the local universe. Read More

We examine the stellar populations of a sample of 98 redshift 4.5 Lyman alpha emitting galaxies using their broadband colors derived from deep photometry at the MMT. These galaxies were selected by narrowband excess from the Large Area Lyman Alpha survey. Read More

Affiliations: 1Yunnan Observatory, 2USTC, 3USTC, 4USTC, 5USTC, 6USTC, 7USTC, 8USTC, 9Yunnan Observatory
Category: Astrophysics

This proceedings contribution summarizes first results obtained from a systematic study of 2011 NLS1 galaxies, as presented in Zhou et al. (2006, ApJS 166, 128). The sample was compiled by examining the spectral parameters of galaxies and QSOs derived from SDSS DR3 data. Read More

Affiliations: 1University of Science and Technology of China, 2University of Science and Technology of China, 3National Astronomical Observatories/Yunnan Observatory, 4National Astronomical Observatories/Yunnan Observatory, 5University of Science and Technology of China, 6University of Science and Technology of China, 7National Astronomical Observatories/Yunnan Observatory, 8University of Science and Technology of China, 9University of Science and Technology of China, 10University of Science and Technology of China
Category: Astrophysics

We report the discovery of a dwarf Seyfert 1 active galactic nucleus (AGN) with a candidate intermediate-mass black hole hosted by the dwarf galaxy SDSS J160531.84+174826.1 at z=0. Read More

This is the first paper in a series dedicated to the study of the emission-line and continuum properties of narrow line Seyfert 1 galaxies (NLS1s). We carried out a systematic search for NLS1s from objects assigned as ``QSOs'' or ``galaxies'' in the spectroscopic sample of the Sloan Digital Sky Survey Data Release 3 (SDSS DR3) by a careful modeling of their emission lines and continua. The result is a uniform sample comprising $\sim 2~000$ NLS1. Read More


Whether radio intermediate quasars possess relativistic jets as radio-loud quasars is an important issue in the understanding of the origin of radio emission in quasars. In this letter, using the two-epoch radio data obtained during Faint Image of Radio Sky at Twenty centimeter sky (FIRST) and NOAO VLA Sky Survey (NVSS), we identify 89 radio variable sources in the Sloan Digital Sky Survey. Among them, more than half are radio intermediate quasars (RL=f2cm/f2500A<250). Read More

In this paper, we employe a new statistical analysis technique, Ensemble Learning for Independent Component Analysis (EL-ICA), on the synthetic galaxy spectra from a newly released high resolution evolutionary model by Bruzual & Charlot. We find that EL-ICA can sufficiently compress the synthetic galaxy spectral library to 6 non-negative Independent Components (ICs), which are good templates to model huge amount of normal galaxy spectra, such as the galaxy spectra in the Sloan Digital Sky Survey (SDSS). Important spectral parameters, such as starlight reddening, stellar velocity dispersion, stellar mass and star formation histories, can be given simultaneously by the fit. Read More

Using the radio observations by FIRST and NVSS, we build a sample of 151 radio variable quasars selected from the Sloan Digital Sky Survey Data Release 3 (SDSS DR3). Six (probably another two) among them are classified as broad absorption line (BAL) quasars, with radio flux variations of a few 10 percent within 1.5-5 years. Read More

We report the detection of strong CaII/MgII absorption lines at the quasar redshift in the narrow line quasar SDSS J2339-0912 (z=0.6604). The quasar exhibits strong FeII, small Balmer emission line width and a very red B-Ks color. Read More

Affiliations: 1UCB, 2STScI, 3STScI, 4JPL, 5NOAO, 6UCB, 7NOAO, 8U. of Science and Tech., China, 9UCB
Category: Astrophysics

We present Keck/LRIS optical spectra of 17 Lya-emitting galaxies and one Lyman break galaxy at z=4.5 discovered in the Large Area Lyman Alpha (LALA) survey. The survey has identified a sample of ~350 candidate Lya-emitting galaxies at z=4. Read More

We present a redshift z=6.535 galaxy discovered by its Lyman alpha emission in a 9180A narrowband image from the Large Area Lyman Alpha (LALA) survey. The Ly-a line luminosity (1. Read More

The cosmological star formation rate in the combined Chandra Deep Fields North and South is derived from our X-Ray Luminosity Function for Galaxies in these Deep Fields. Mild evolution is seen up to redshift order unity with SFR ~ (1 + z)^{2.7}. Read More

Affiliations: 1Uni. of Sci. & Tech. of China, 2Uni. of Sci. & Tech. of China, 3Uni. of Sci. & Tech. of China
Category: Astrophysics

We present an analysis of the Fe K line profile of NGC 4151 by using long ASCA observation data obtained in May 1995. The unprecedented good data quality, which is much better in the energy band around 6.4 keV than that of the famous 4. Read More