# Jungyeon Cho - Chungnam National University, Korea

## Contact Details

NameJungyeon Cho |
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AffiliationChungnam National University, Korea |
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Location |
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## Pubs By Year |
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## Pub CategoriesAstrophysics (29) Physics - Plasma Physics (11) Astrophysics of Galaxies (9) Cosmology and Nongalactic Astrophysics (7) Physics - Fluid Dynamics (6) High Energy Astrophysical Phenomena (5) Earth and Planetary Astrophysics (4) Physics - Space Physics (4) Solar and Stellar Astrophysics (4) Physics - Geophysics (3) Physics - Atmospheric and Oceanic Physics (1) Instrumentation and Methods for Astrophysics (1) |

## Publications Authored By Jungyeon Cho

**Authors:**Derek Ward-Thompson, Kate Pattle, Pierre Bastien, Ray S. Furuya, Woojin Kwon, Shih-Ping Lai, Keping Qiu, David Berry, Minho Choi, Simon Coudé, James Di Francesco, Thiem Hoang, Erica Franzmann, Per Friberg, Sarah F. Graves, Jane S. Greaves, Martin Houde, Doug Johnstone, Jason M. Kirk, Patrick M. Koch, Jungmi Kwon, Chang Won Lee, Di Li, Brenda C. Matthews, Joseph C. Mottram, Harriet Parsons, Andy Pon, Ramprasad Rao, Mark Rawlings, Hiroko Shinnaga, Sarah Sadavoy, Sven van Loo, Yusuke Aso, Do-Young Byun, Eswariah Chakali, Huei-Ru Chen, Mike C. -Y. Chen, Wen Ping Chen, Tao-Chung Ching, Jungyeon Cho, Antonio Chrysostomou, Eun Jung Chung, Yasuo Doi, Emily Drabek-Maunder, Stewart P. S. Eyres, Jason Fiege, Rachel K. Friesen, Gary Fuller, Tim Gledhill, Matt J. Griffin, Qilao Gu, Tetsuo Hasegawa, Jennifer Hatchell, Saeko S. Hayashi, Wayne Holland, Tsuyoshi Inoue, Shu-ichiro Inutsuka, Kazunari Iwasaki, Il-Gyo Jeong, Ji-hyun Kang, Miju Kang, Sung-ju Kang, Koji S. Kawabata, Francisca Kemper, Gwanjeong Kim, Jongsoo Kim, Kee-Tae Kim, Kyoung Hee Kim, Mi-Ryang Kim, Shinyoung Kim, Kevin M. Lacaille, Jeong-Eun Lee, Sang-Sung Lee, Dalei Li, Hua-bai Li, Hong-Li Liu, Junhao Liu, Sheng-Yuan Liu, Tie Liu, A-Ran Lyo, Steve Mairs, Masafumi Matsumura, Gerald H. Moriarty-Schieven, Fumitaka Nakamura, Hiroyuki Nakanishi, Nagayoshi Ohashi, Takashi Onaka, Nicolas Peretto, Tae-Soo Pyo, Lei Qian, Brendan Retter, John Richer, Andrew Rigby, Jean-François Robitaille, Giorgio Savini, Anna M. M. Scaife, Archana Soam, Motohide Tamura, Ya-Wen Tang, Kohji Tomisaka, Hongchi Wang, Jia-Wei Wang, Anthony P. Whitworth, Hsi-Wei Yen, Hyunju Yoo, Jinghua Yuan, Chuan-Peng Zhang, Guoyin Zhang, Jianjun Zhou, Lei Zhu, Philippe André, C. Darren Dowell, Sam Falle, Yusuke Tsukamoto

**Category:**Astrophysics of Galaxies

We present the first results from the B-fields In STar-forming Region Observations (BISTRO) survey, using the Sub-millimetre Common-User Bolometer Array 2 (SCUBA-2) camera, with its associated polarimeter (POL-2), on the James Clerk Maxwell Telescope (JCMT) in Hawaii. We discuss the survey's aims and objectives. We describe the rationale behind the survey, and the questions which the survey will aim to answer. Read More

We study the alignment of irregular dust grains by mechanical torques due to the drift of grains through the ambient gas. We first calculate mechanical torques (MATs) resulting from specular reflection of gas atoms for seven irregular shapes: one shape of mirror symmetry, three highly irregular shapes (HIS), and three weakly irregular shapes (WIS). We find that the grain with mirror symmetry experiences negligible MATs due to its mirror-symmetry geometry. Read More

On the basis of the modern understanding of MHD turbulence, we propose a new way of using synchrotron radiation, namely using synchrotron intensity gradients for tracing astrophysical magnetic fields. We successfully test the new technique using synthetic data obtained with the 3D MHD simulations and provide the demonstration of the practical utility of the technique by comparing the directions of magnetic field that are obtained with PLANCK synchrotron intensity dats to the directions obtained with PLANCK synchrotron polarization data. We demonstrate that the synchrotron intensity gradients (SIGs) can reliably trace magnetic field in the presence of noise and can provide detailed maps of magnetic-field directions. Read More

We study statistical properties of synchrotron polarization emitted from media with magnetohydrodynamic (MHD) turbulence. We use both synthetic and MHD turbulence simulation data for our studies. We obtain the spatial spectrum and its derivative with respect to wavelength of synchrotron polarization arising from both synchrotron radiation and Faraday rotation fluctuations. Read More

We test a new technique of studying magnetohydrodynamic (MHD) turbulence suggested by Lazarian \& Pogosyan, using synthetic synchrotron polarization observations. This paper focuses on a one-point statistics, which is termed the polarization frequency analysis, that is characterized by the variance of polarized emission as a function of the square of wavelengths along a single line of sight. We adopt a ratio $\eta$ of the standard deviation of the line-of-sight turbulent magnetic field to the line-of-sight mean magnetic field to depict the level of turbulence. Read More

The Chandrasekhar-Fermi method is a powerful technique for estimating the strength of the mean magnetic field projected on the plane of the sky. In this paper, we present a technique for improving the Chandrasekhar-Fermi method, in which we take into account the averaging effect arising from independent eddies along the line of sight . In the conventional Chandrasekhar-Fermi method, the strength of fluctuating magnetic field divided by $\sqrt{4 \pi \bar{\rho}}$, where $\bar{\rho}$ is average density, is assumed to be comparable to the line-of-sight velocity dispersion. Read More

The origin of magnetic fields in clusters of galaxies is still an unsolved problem, which is largely due to our poor understanding of initial seed magnetic fields. If the seed magnetic fields have primordial origins, it is likely that large-scale pervasive magnetic fields were present before the formation of the large-scale structure. On the other hand, if they were ejected from astrophysical bodies, they were highly localized in space at the time of injection. Read More

When magnetic energy density is much larger than that of matter, as in pulsar/black hole magnetospheres, the medium becomes force-free and we need relativity to describe it. As in non-relativistic magnetohydrodynamics (MHD), Alfv\'enic MHD turbulence in the relativistic limit can be described by interactions of counter-traveling wave packets. In this paper we numerically study strong imbalanced MHD turbulence in such environments. Read More

Turbulence is ubiquitous in astrophysical fluids such as the interstellar medium (ISM) and the intracluster medium (ICM). In turbulence studies, it is customary to assume that fluid is driven on a single scale. However, in astrophysical fluids, there can be many different driving mechanisms that act on different scales. Read More

Turbulence is believed to play important roles in the origin of cosmic magnetism. While it is well known that turbulence can efficiently amplify a uniform or spatially homogeneous seed magnetic field, it is not clear whether or not we can draw a similar conclusion for a localized seed magnetic field. The main uncertainty is the rate of magnetic field diffusion on scales larger than the outer scale of turbulence. Read More

Turbulence dynamo deals with amplification of a seed magnetic field in a turbulent medium and has been studied mostly for uniform or spatially homogeneous seed magnetic fields. However, some astrophysical processes (e.g. Read More

One of the main challenges for future 21 cm observations is to remove foregrounds which are several orders of magnitude more intense than the HI signal. We propose a new technique for removing foregrounds of the redshifted 21 cm observations. We consider multi-frequency interferometer observations. Read More

Electron magnetohydrodynamics (EMHD) provides a fluid-like description of small-scale magnetized plasmas. An EMHD wave (also known as whistler wave) propagates along magnetic field lines. The direction of propagation can be either parallel or anti-parallel to the magnetic field lines. Read More

Cluster media are dynamical, not static; observational evidence suggests they are turbulent. High-resolution simulations of the intracluster media (ICMs) and of idealized, similar media help us understand the complex physics and astrophysics involved. We present a brief overview of the physics behind ICM turbulence and outline the processes that control its development. Read More

Present day cosmic microwave background (CMB) studies require more accurate removal of Galactic foreground emission. In this paper, we consider a way of filtering out the diffuse Galactic fluctuations on the basis of their statistical properties, namely, the power-law spectra of fluctuations. We focus on the statistical properties of two major Galactic foregrounds that arise from magnetized turbulence, namely, diffuse synchrotron emission and thermal emission from dust and describe how their power laws change with the Galactic latitude. Read More

We compare non-locality of interactions between different scales in hydrodynamic (HD) turbulence and magnetohydrodynamic (MHD) turbulence in a strongly magnetized medium. We use 3-dimensional incompressible direct numerical simulations to evaluate non-locality of interactions. Our results show that non-locality in MHD turbulence is much more pronounced than that in HD turbulence. Read More

**Affiliations:**

^{1}Korea Astronomy and Space Science Institute,

^{2}Korea Astronomy and Space Science Institute,

^{3}Chungnam National University, Korea,

^{4}Chungnam National University, Korea,

^{5}Cambridge University, UK

**Category:**Astrophysics of Galaxies

We studied Faraday rotation measure (RM) in turbulent media with the rms Mach number of unity, using isothermal, magnetohydrodynamic turbulence simulations. Four cases with different values of initial plasma beta were considered. Our main findings are as follows. Read More

**Authors:**A. Meredith Hughes

^{1}, David J. Wilner

^{2}, Jungyeon Cho

^{3}, Daniel P. Marrone

^{4}, Alexandre Lazarian

^{5}, Sean M. Andrews

^{6}, Ramprasad Rao

^{7}

**Affiliations:**

^{1}CfA,

^{2}CfA,

^{3}CNU Korea, U. Wisconsin,

^{4}U. Chicago, Jansky Fellow,

^{5}U. Wisconsin,

^{6}CfA, Hubble Fellow,

^{7}ASIAA

We present arcsecond-resolution Submillimeter Array (SMA) polarimetric observations of the 880 um continuum emission from the protoplanetary disks around two nearby stars, HD 163296 and TW Hydrae. Although previous observations and theoretical work have suggested that a 2-3% polarization fraction should be common for the millimeter continuum emission from such disks, we detect no polarized continuum emission above a 3-sigma upper limit of 7 mJy in each arcsecond-scale beam, or <1% in integrated continuum emission. We compare the SMA upper limits with the predictions from the exploratory Cho & Lazarian (2007) model of polarized emission from T Tauri disks threaded by toroidal magnetic fields, and rule out their fiducial model at the ~10-sigma level. Read More

**Affiliations:**

^{1}Chungnam National University, Daejeon, Korea,

^{2}Chungnam National University, Daejeon, Korea

In the framework of turbulence dynamo, flow motions amplify a weak seed magnetic field through the stretching of field lines. Although the amplification process has been a topic of active research, less attention has been paid to the length scales of magnetic field. In this paper, we described a numerical study on characteristic lengths of magnetic field in magnetohydrodynamic turbulence. Read More

We present numerical simulations of electron magnetohydrodynamic (EMHD) and electron reduced MHD (ERMHD) turbulence. Comparing scaling relations, we find that both EMHD and ERMHD turbulence show similar spectra and anisotropy. We develop new techniques to study anisotropy of EMHD turbulence. Read More

Recent observation of 850 micron sub-mm polarization from T Tauri disks opens up the possibility of studying magnetic field structure within protostellar disks. The degree of polarization is around 3 % and the direction of polarization is perpendicular to the disk. Since thermal emission from dust grains dominates the spectral energy distribution at the sub-mm/FIR regime, dust grains are thought to be the cause of the polarization. Read More

We present statistical analysis of diffuse Galactic synchrotron emission and polarized thermal emission from dust. Both Galactic synchrotron emission and polarized thermal emission from dust reflect statistics of magnetic field fluctuations and, therefore, Galactic turbulence. We mainly focus on the relation between observed angular spectra and underlying turbulence statistics. Read More

We study internal extinction of late-type galaxies in the Sloan Digital Sky Survey. We find that the degree of internal extinction depends on both the concentration index c and K_s-band absolute magnitude M_K. We give simple fitting functions for internal extinction. Read More

**Affiliations:**

^{1}Chungnam National University, Korea,

^{2}Pusan National University, Korea,

^{3}Chungnam National University, Korea,

^{4}Sejong University, Korea

**Category:**Astrophysics

The nature and origin of turbulence and magnetic fields in the intergalactic space are important problems that are yet to be understood. We propose a scenario in which turbulent flow motions are induced via the cascade of the vorticity generated at cosmological shocks during the formation of the large scale structure. The turbulence in turn amplifies weak seed magnetic fields of any origin. Read More

If ultra-high-energy cosmic rays (UHECRs) originate from extragalactic sources, understanding the propagation of charged particles through the magnetized large scale structure (LSS) of the universe is crucial in the search for the astrophysical accelerators. Based on a novel model of the turbulence dynamo, we estimate the intergalactic magnetic fields (IGMFs) in cosmological simulations of the formation of the LSS. Under the premise that the sources of UHECRs are strongly associated with the LSS, we consider a model in which protons with E >10^{19} eV are injected by sources that represent active galactic nuclei located inside clusters of galaxies. Read More

The propagation of UHECRs is affected by the intergalactic magnetic fields that were produced during the course of the large scale structure formation of the universe. We adopt a novel model where the large scale extragalactic magnetic fields (EGMF) are estimated from local dynamic properties of the gas flows in hydrodynamic simulations of a concordance LambdaCDM universe. With the model magnetic fields, we calculate the deflection angle, time delay and energy spectrum of protons with E > 10^{19} eV that are injected at cosmological sources and then travel through the large scale structure of the universe, losing the energy due to interactions with the cosmic background radiation. Read More

Turbulence in an incompressible fluid with and without a magnetic field as well as moderately compressible MHD turbulence are compared. For the magnetohydrodynamic (MHD) models the probability distribution functions of the velocity components perpendicular to the external magnetic field are like the incompressible hydrodynamic (HD) model while those parallel to the field have a smaller range of velocities. The probability distribution functions of the transverse velocity increments for the MHD models decline slower than the incompressible HD model. Read More

The structure of magnetic fields within protostellar disks may be studied via polarimetry provided that grains are aligned in respect to magnetic field within the disks. We explore alignment of dust grains by radiative torque in T Tauri disks and provide predictions for polarized emission for disks viewed at different wavelengths and viewing angles. We show that the alignment is especially efficient in outer part of the disks. Read More

Recent advances in understanding of magnetohydrodynamic (MHD) turbulence call for revisions in the picture of particle acceleration. We make use of the recently established scaling of slow and fast MHD modes in strong and weak MHD turbulence to provide a systematic study of particle acceleration in magnetic pressure (low-$\beta$) and gaseous pressure (high-$\beta$) dominated plasmas. We consider the acceleration by large scale compressions in both slow and fast particle diffusion limits. Read More

We present high resolution numerical simulations of compressible magnetohydrodynamic (MHD) turbulence. We concentrate on studies of spectra and anisotropy of velocity and density. We describe a technique of separating different magnetohydrodynamic (MHD) modes (slow, fast and Alfven) and apply it to our simulations. Read More

We present numerical studies of 3-dimensional magnetohydrodynamic (MHD) turbulence in a strongly magnetized medium in the extremely relativistic limit, in which the inertia of the charge carriers can be neglected. We have focused on strong Alfvenic turbulence in the limit. We have found the following results. Read More

We present numerical studies of 3-dimensional electron magnetohydrodynamic (EMHD) turbulence. We investigate cascade timescale and anisotropy of freely decaying strong EMHD turbulence with zero electron skin depth. Cascade time scales with $k^{-4/3}$. Read More

We compare the properties of ordinary strong magnetohydrodynamic (MHD) turbulence in a strongly magnetized medium with the recently discovered viscosity-damped regime. We focus on energy spectra, anisotropy, and intermittency. Our most surprising conclusion is that in ordinary strong MHD turbulence the velocity and magnetic fields show different high-order structure function scalings. Read More

The radio - far infrared correlation is one of the tightest correlations found in astronomy. Many of the models explaining this correlation rely on the association of of global magnetic field strength with gas density. In this letter we put forward that the physical reason for this association lies within the processes of magnetohydrodynamic turbulence. Read More

Astrophysical turbulence is magnetohydrodynamic (MHD) in its nature. We discuss fundamental properties of MHD turbulence. In particular, we discuss the generation of compressible MHD waves by Alfvenic turbulence and show that this process is inefficient. Read More

We present numerical simulations and explore scalings and anisotropy of compressible magnetohydrodynamic (MHD) turbulence. Our study covers both gas pressure dominated (high beta) and magnetically dominated (low beta) plasmas at different Mach numbers. In addition, we present results for superAlfvenic turbulence and discuss in what way it is similar to the subAlfvenic turbulence. Read More

Compressible turbulence, especially the magnetized version of it, traditionally has a bad reputation with researchers. However, recent progress in theoretical understanding of incompressible MHD as well as that in computational capabilities enabled researchers to obtain scaling relations for compressible MHD turbulence. We discuss scalings of Alfven, fast, and slow modes in both magnetically dominated (low $\beta$) and gas pressure dominated (high $\beta$) plasmas. Read More

Turbulence is the most common state of astrophysical flows. In typical astrophysical fluids, turbulence is accompanied by strong magnetic fields, which has a large impact on the dynamics of the turbulent cascade. Recently, there has been a significant breakthrough on the theory of magnetohydrodynamic (MHD) turbulence. Read More

Aligned grains present a foreground for cosmic microwave emission studies. We review basic physical processes involved in grain alignment and discuss the niches for different alignment mechanisms. We show that mechanisms which were favored for decades do not look so promising right now, while the radiative torque mechanism ignored for more than 20 years looks quite attractive. Read More

In a previous work Lazarian and Pogosyan suggested a technique to extract velocity and density statistics, of interstellar turbulence, by means of analysing statistics of spectral line data cubes. In this paper we test that technique, by studying the effect of correlation between velocity and density fields, providing a systematic analysis of the uncertainties arising from the numerics, and exploring the effect of a linear shear. We make use of both compressible MHD simulations and synthetic data to emulate spectroscopic observations and test the technique. Read More

We present a model for compressible sub-Alfvenic isothermal magnetohydrodynamic (MHD) turbulence in low-beta plasmas and numerically test it. We separate MHD fluctuations into 3 distinct families - Alfven, slow, and fast modes. We find that, production of slow and fast modes by Alfvenic turbulence is suppressed. Read More

Measurements of intensity and polarization of diffuse Galactic synchrotron emission as well as starlight polarization reveal power law spectra of fluctuations. We show that these fluctuations can arise from magnetohydrodynamic (MHD) turbulence in the Galactic disk and halo. To do so we take into account the converging geometry of lines of sight for the observations when the observer is within the turbulent volume. Read More

Turbulence is the most common state of astrophysical flows. In typical astrophysical fluids, turbulence is accompanied by strong magnetic fields, which has a large impact on the dynamics of the turbulent cascade. Recently, there has been a significant breakthrough on the theory of magnetohydrodynamic (MHD) turbulence. Read More

Galactic HI is a gas that is coupled to magnetic field because of its fractional ionization. Many properties of HI are affected by turbulence. Recently, there has been a significant breakthrough on the theory of magnetohydrodynamic (MHD) turbulence. Read More

In astrophysical situations, e.g. in the interstellar medium (ISM), neutrals can provide viscous damping on scales much larger than the magnetic diffusion scale. Read More

The study of incompressible magnetohydrodynamic (MHD) turbulence gives useful insights on many astrophysical problems. We describe a pseudo-spectral MHD code suitable for the study of incompressible turbulence. We review our recent works on direct three-dimensional numerical simulations for MHD turbulence in a periodic box. Read More

We analyze 3D numerical simulations of driven incompressible magnetohydrodynamic (MHD) turbulence in a periodic box threaded by a moderately strong external magnetic field. We sum over nonlinear interactions within Fourier wavebands and find that the time scale for the energy cascade is consistent with the Goldreich-Sridhar model of strong MHD turbulence. Using higher order longitudinal structure functions we show that the turbulent motions in the plane perpendicular to the local mean magnetic field are similar to ordinary hydrodynamic turbulence while motions parallel to the field are consistent with a scaling correction which arises from the eddy anisotropy. Read More

We construct a magnetic helicity conserving dynamo theory which incorporates a calculated magnetic helicity current. In this model the fluid helicity plays a small role in large scale magnetic field generation. Instead, the dynamo process is dominated by a new quantity, derived from asymmetries in the second derivative of the velocity correlation function, closely related to the `twist and fold' dynamo model. Read More

**Affiliations:**

^{1}U Texas/JHU,

^{2}JHU

**Category:**Astrophysics

We perform direct 3-dimensional numerical simulations for magnetohydrodynamic (MHD) turbulence in a periodic box of size $2\pi$ threaded by strong uniform magnetic fields. We use a pseudo-spectral code with hyperviscosity and hyperdiffusivity to solve the incompressible MHD equations. We analyze the structure of the eddies as a function of scale. Read More

**Affiliations:**

^{1}U Texas/JHU,

^{2}JHU

**Category:**Astrophysics

We have tested the ability of driven turbulence to generate magnetic field structure from a weak uniform field using three dimensional numerical simulations of incompressible turbulence. We used a pseudo-spectral code with a numerical resolution of up to $144^3$ collocation points. We find that the magnetic fields are amplified through field line stretching at a rate proportional to the difference between the velocity and the magnetic field strength times a constant. Read More