# Jun Xu

## Contact Details

NameJun Xu |
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## Pubs By Year |
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## Pub CategoriesNuclear Theory (15) Nuclear Experiment (13) Mathematics - Combinatorics (7) High Energy Physics - Experiment (5) Computer Science - Computation and Language (4) Quantum Physics (4) Computer Science - Artificial Intelligence (4) Physics - Instrumentation and Detectors (3) Physics - Medical Physics (3) High Energy Astrophysical Phenomena (2) Physics - Atomic Physics (2) Solar and Stellar Astrophysics (2) Physics - Mesoscopic Systems and Quantum Hall Effect (2) Computer Science - Cryptography and Security (2) Physics - Optics (2) Computer Science - Information Retrieval (2) Computer Science - Neural and Evolutionary Computing (2) Computer Science - Distributed; Parallel; and Cluster Computing (1) Astrophysics of Galaxies (1) High Energy Physics - Phenomenology (1) Physics - Classical Physics (1) Instrumentation and Methods for Astrophysics (1) Physics - Disordered Systems and Neural Networks (1) Computer Science - Networking and Internet Architecture (1) Physics - Soft Condensed Matter (1) Physics - Materials Science (1) Nonlinear Sciences - Pattern Formation and Solitons (1) Computer Science - Learning (1) Computer Science - Discrete Mathematics (1) |

## Publications Authored By Jun Xu

One surprising result in relativistic heavy-ion collisions is that the abundance of various particles measured in experiments is consistent with the picture that they reach chemical equilibrium at a temperature much higher than the temperature they freeze out kinetically. Using a multiphase transport model to study particle production in these collisions, we find that the above result is due to the constancy of the entropy per particle during the evolution of the hadronic matter from the chemical to the kinetic freeze-out. We further use a hadron resonance gas model to illustrate the result from the transport model study. Read More

Using the same approach proposed by Kolomeitsev \textit{et al} in their recent work\cite{Kolomeitsev16}, we examine how tightly the nuclear symmetry energy \esym at density $\rho$ is constrained by the universal equation of state (EOS) of the unitary Fermi gas $E_{\rm{UG}}(\rho)$, taking into account the higher order skewness parameters $J_0$ and $J_{\rm{sym}}$ and reexamining the uncertainty in $K_{\rm{sym}}$. We found that $E_{\rm{UG}}(\rho)$ does provide a useful lower boundary for the \esym confirming the finding by Kolomeitsev \textit{et al}. However, it does not tightly constrain the correlation between the magnitude $E_{\rm{sym}}(\rho_0)$ and slope $L$ unless the curvature $K_{\rm{sym}}$ of the symmetry energy at saturation density $\rho_0$ is more precisely known within its current uncertain range. Read More

We determine spectral indices of 228 pulsars by using Parkes pulsar data observed at 1.4 GHz, among which 200 spectra are newly determined. The indices are distributed in the range from -4. Read More

The secondary neutron fields at the deep tumor therapy terminal at HIRFL (Heavy Ion Research Facility in Lanzhou) were investigated. The distributions of neutron ambient dose equivalent were measured with a FHT762 Wendi-II neutron ambient dose equivalent meter as the 12C ions with energies of 165, 207, 270, and 350 MeV/u bombarded on thick tissue-like targets. The thickness of targets used in experiments is larger than the range of the carbon ions. Read More

Electrostatic Deflector, one of the key components of SFC accelerator at IMP, is easily activated in the long-term running of HIRFL due to the bombardment with losing ions. The level of residual radioactivity induced in main components and dust contained in the electrostatic deflector enclosure have been investigated using gamma-ray spectrometry and Fluke 451p ionization chamber. The results indicate that the activated electrostatic deflector represent a significant radiological hazard for workers during maintenance operation, and the waste disposal difficulties should be encountered after decommissioning. Read More

We computationally investigate the wave propagation characteristics of nanoscopic granular crystals composed of one-dimensionally arrayed gold nanoparticles using molecular dynamics simulation. We examine two basic configurations, i.e. Read More

Extra connectivity and the pessimistic diagnosis are two crucial subjects for a multiprocessor system's ability to tolerate and diagnose faulty processor. The pessimistic diagnosis strategy is a classic strategy based on the PMC model in which isolates all faulty vertices within a set containing at most one fault-free vertex. In this paper, the result that the pessimistic diagnosability $t_p(G)$ equals the extra connectivity $\kappa_{1}(G)$ of a regular graph $G$ under some conditions are shown. Read More

With a newly improved isospin- and momentum-dependent interaction and an isospin-dependent Boltzmann-Uehling-Uhlenbeck transport model, we have investigated the effects of the slope parameter $L$ of the nuclear symmetry energy and the isospin splitting of the nucleon effective mass $m_{n-p}^*=(m_n^*-m_p^*)/m$ on the centroid energy of the isovector giant dipole resonance and the electric dipole polarizability in $^{208}$Pb. With the isoscalar nucleon effective mass $m_s^*=0.7m$ constrained by the empirical optical potential, we obtain a constraint of $L=64. Read More

We have studied the directed flow in $^{197}$Au+$^{197}$Au collisions at $\sqrt{s_{NN}}$ = 200 and 39 GeV within a multiphase transport model. As the partonic phase evolves with time, the slope of the parton directed flow at mid-rapidity region changes from negative to positive as a result of the later dynamics at 200 GeV, while it remains negative at 39 GeV due to the shorter life time of the partonic phase. The directed flow splitting for various quark species due to their different initial eccentricities is observed at 39 GeV, while the splitting is very small at 200 GeV. Read More

This paper gives an approximate result related to Seymour's Second Neighborhood conjecture, that is, for any $m$-free digraph $G$, there exists a vertex $v\in V(G)$ and a real number $\lambda_m$ such that $d^{++}(v)\geq \lambda_m d^+(v)$, and $\lambda_m \rightarrow 1$ while $m \rightarrow +\infty$. This result generalizes and improves some known results in a sense. Read More

Fault tolerance of an $(n,k)$-star network is measured by its $h$-super connectivity $\kappa_s^{(h)}$ or $h$-super edge-connectivity $\lambda_s^{(h)}$. Li {\it et al.} [Appl. Read More

In animal monitoring applications, both animal detection and their movement prediction are major tasks. While a variety of animal monitoring strategies exist, most of them rely on mounting devices. However, in real world, it is difficult to find these animals and install mounting devices. Read More

The emergence of topological order in graphene is in great demand for the realization of quantum spin Hall states. Recently, it is theoretically proposed that the spin textures of surface states in topological insulator can be directly transferred to graphene by means of proximity effect. Here we report the observations of the topological proximity effect in the graphene-topological insulator Bi2Se3 heterojunctions via magnetotransport measurements. Read More

Based on an extended multiphase transport model, which includes mean-field potentials in both the partonic and hadronic phases, uses the mix-event coalescence, and respects charge conservation during the hadronic evolution, we have studied the collision energy dependence of the elliptic flow splitting between particles and their antiparticles. This extended transport model reproduces reasonably well the experimental data at lower collision energies but only describes qualitatively the elliptic flow splitting at higher beam energies. The present study thus indicates the existence of other mechanisms for the elliptic flow splitting besides the mean-field potentials and the need of further improvements of the multiphase transport model. Read More

Nowadays, auto insurance companies set personalized insurance rate based on data gathered directly from their customers' cars. In this paper, we show such a personalized insurance mechanism -- wildly adopted by many auto insurance companies -- is vulnerable to exploit. In particular, we demonstrate that an adversary can leverage off-the-shelf hardware to manipulate the data to the device that collects drivers' habits for insurance rate customization and obtain a fraudulent insurance discount. Read More

Dipolar Bose-Einstein condensates in an array of double-well potentials realize an effective transverse Ising model with peculiar inter-layer interactions, that may result under proper conditions in an anomalous first-order ferromagnetic-antiferromagnetic phase transition, and nontrivial phases due to frustration. The considered setup as well allows the study of Kibble-Zurek defect formation, whose kink statistics follows that expected from the universality class of the mean-field transverse Ising model in 1D. Furthermore, random occupation of each layer of the stack leads to random effective Ising interactions and generation of local transverse fields, thus allowing the study of Anderson-like localization of imbalance perturbations in the two-well stack under controllable conditions. Read More

According to the famous Kibble-Zurek mechanism (KZM), the universality of spontaneous defect generation in continuous phase transitions (CPTs) can be understood by the critical slowing down. In most CPTs of atomic Bose-Einstein condensates (BECs), the universality of spontaneous defect generations has been explained by the divergent relaxation time associated with the nontrivial gapless Bogoliubov excitations. However, for atomic BECs in synthetic gauge fields, their spontaneous superfluidity breakdown is resulted from the divergent correlation length associated with the zero Landau critical velocity. Read More

Deep neural networks have been successfully applied to many text matching tasks, such as paraphrase identification, question answering, and machine translation. Although ad-hoc retrieval can also be formalized as a text matching task, few deep models have been tested on it. In this paper, we study a state-of-the-art deep matching model, namely MatchPyramid, on the ad-hoc retrieval task. Read More

The relevance between a query and a document in search can be represented as matching degree between the two objects. Latent space models have been proven to be effective for the task, which are often trained with click-through data. One technical challenge with the approach is that it is hard to train a model for tail queries and tail documents for which there are not enough clicks. Read More

Semantic matching, which aims to determine the matching degree between two texts, is a fundamental problem for many NLP applications. Recently, deep learning approach has been applied to this problem and significant improvements have been achieved. In this paper, we propose to view the generation of the global interaction between two texts as a recursive process: i. Read More

For an interconnection network $G$, the {\it $\omega$-wide diameter} $d_\omega(G)$ is the least $\ell$ such that any two vertices are joined by $\omega$ internally-disjoint paths of length at most $\ell$, and the {\it $(\omega-1)$-fault diameter} $D_{\omega}(G)$ is the maximum diameter of a subgraph obtained by deleting fewer than $\omega$ vertices of $G$. The enhanced hypercube $Q_{n,k}$ is a variant of the well-known hypercube. Yang, Chang, Pai, and Chan gave an upper bound for $d_{n+1}(Q_{n,k})$ and $D_{n+1}(Q_{n,k})$ and posed the problem of finding the wide diameters and fault diameters of $Q_{n,k}$. Read More

**Authors:**Jun Xu, Lie-Wen Chen, ManYee Betty Tsang, Hermann Wolter, Ying-Xun Zhang, Joerg Aichelin, Maria Colonna, Dan Cozma, Pawel Danielewicz, Zhao-Qing Feng, Arnaud Le Fevre, Theodoros Gaitanos, Christoph Hartnack, Kyungil Kim, Youngman Kim, Che-Ming Ko, Bao-An Li, Qing-Feng Li, Zhu-Xia Li, Paolo Napolitani, Akira Ono, Massimo Papa, Taesoo Song, Jun Su, Jun-Long Tian, Ning Wang, Yong-Jia Wang, Janus Weil, Wen-Jie Xie, Feng-Shou Zhang, Guo-Qiang Zhang

Transport simulations are very valuable for extracting physics information from heavy-ion collision experiments. With the emergence of many different transport codes in recent years, it becomes important to estimate their robustness in extracting physics information from experiments. We report on the results of a transport code comparison project. Read More

Recent work exhibited that distributed word representations are good at capturing linguistic regularities in language. This allows vector-oriented reasoning based on simple linear algebra between words. Since many different methods have been proposed for learning document representations, it is natural to ask whether there is also linear structure in these learned representations to allow similar reasoning at document level. Read More

Matching two texts is a fundamental problem in many natural language processing tasks. An effective way is to extract meaningful matching patterns from words, phrases, and sentences to produce the matching score. Inspired by the success of convolutional neural network in image recognition, where neurons can capture many complicated patterns based on the extracted elementary visual patterns such as oriented edges and corners, we propose to model text matching as the problem of image recognition. Read More

We have studied the properties of hot and dense quark matter based on the 3-flavor Nambu-Jona-Lasinio (NJL) model as well as its Polyakov-loop extension (pNJL) with scalar-isovector and vector-isovector couplings. Provided a considerable large isospin asymmetry or isospin chemical potential, isospin splittings of constituent mass, chiral phase transition boundary, and critical point for $u$ and $d$ quarks can be observed for positive isovector coupling constants but are suppressed for negative ones. The quark matter symmetry energy decreases with the increasing isovector coupling constant, and is mostly enhanced in the pNJL model than in the NJL model. Read More

A consistent derivation of the equations of motion (EOMs) of test particles for solving the spin-dependent Boltzmann-Vlasov equation is presented. The resulting EOMs in phase space are similar to the canonical equations in Hamiltonian dynamics, and the EOM of spin is the same as that in the Heisenburg picture of quantum mechanics. Considering further the quantum nature of spin and choosing the direction of total angular momentum in heavy-ion reactions as a reference of measuring nucleon spin, the EOMs of spin-up and spin-down nucleons are given separately. Read More

**Authors:**Jun-Kui Xu, Wu-Yuan Li, Wei-Wei Yan, You-Wu Su, Zong-Qiang Li, Mao Wang, Cheng-Guo Pang, Chong Xu

The neutron dose distributions on observation distances and on observation angles were measured using a Wendi-II neutron dose-meter at the deep tumor therapy terminal at HIRFL (Heavy Ion Research Facility in Lanzhou) as 12C ions with energies from 165 to 350 MeV/u bombarding on thick solid water targets with different thickness according to the ion energies. The experimental results were compared with those calculated by FLUKA code. It is found that the experimental data was in good agreement with the calculated results. Read More

This paper considers the edge-connectivity and restricted edge-connectivity of replacement product graphs, gives some bounds on edge-connectivity and restricted edge-connectivity of replacement product graphs and determines the exact values for some special graphs. In particular, the authors further confirm that under certain conditions, the replacement product of two Cayley graphs is also a Cayley graph, and give a necessary and sufficient condition for such Cayley graphs to have maximum restricted edge-connectivity. Based on these results, the authors construct a Cayley graph with degree $d$ whose restricted edge-connectivity is equal to $d+s$ for given odd integer $d$ and integer $s$ with $d \geqslant 5$ and $1\leqslant s\leqslant d-3$, which answers a problem proposed ten years ago. Read More

Matching natural language sentences is central for many applications such as information retrieval and question answering. Existing deep models rely on a single sentence representation or multiple granularity representations for matching. However, such methods cannot well capture the contextualized local information in the matching process. Read More

Let $G_n$ be an $n$-dimensional recursive network. The $h$-embedded connectivity $\zeta_h(G_n)$ (resp. edge-connectivity $\eta_h(G_n)$) of $G_n$ is the minimum number of vertices (resp. Read More

The modified number of constituent quark (NCQ) scaling $v_{n}/n_{q}^{n/2} \sim KE_{T}/n_{q}$ for mesons and baryons and the scaling relation $v_{n} \sim v_{2}^{n/2}$ for higher-order anisotropic flows, which were observed experimentally, have been investigated at top RHIC energy. It has been found that the modified NCQ scaling can not be obtained from the naive coalescence even by taking into account event-by-event fluctuations but may be due to hadronic afterburner or thermal freeze-out. In addition, we observed that the behavior of the $v_{n}/v_{2}^{n/2}$ ratio is sensitive to the partonic interaction, and it is different for mesons and baryons from the naive coalescence but is expected to be almost the same experimentally. Read More

We consider the allocation of Virtual Arrays (VAs) in a Heterogeneous Disk Array (HDA). Each VA holds groups of related objects and datasets such as files, relational tables, which has similar performance and availability characteristics. We evaluate single-pass data allocation methods for HDA using a synthetic stream of allocation requests, where each VA is characterized by its RAID level, disk loads and space requirements. Read More

Universal dynamics of spontaneous symmetry breaking is central to understanding the universal behavior of spontaneous defect formation in various system from the early universe, condensed-matter systems to ultracold atomic systems. We explore the universal real-time dynamics in an array of coupled binary atomic Bose-Einstein condensates in optical lattices, which undergo a spontaneous symmetry breaking from the symmetric Rabi oscillation to the broken-symmetry self-trapping. In addition to Goldstone modes, there exist gapped Higgs mode whose excitation gap vanishes at the critical point. Read More

The conditional diagnosability and the 2-extra connectivity are two important parameters to measure ability of diagnosing faulty processors and fault-tolerance in a multiprocessor system. The conditional diagnosability $t_c(G)$ of $G$ is the maximum number $t$ for which $G$ is conditionally $t$-diagnosable under the comparison model, while the 2-extra connectivity $\kappa_2(G)$ of a graph $G$ is the minimum number $k$ for which there is a vertex-cut $F$ with $|F|=k$ such that every component of $G-F$ has at least $3$ vertices. A quite natural problem is what is the relationship between the maximum and the minimum problem? This paper partially answer this problem by proving $t_c(G)=\kappa_2(G)$ for a regular graph $G$ with some acceptable conditions. Read More

Fine-grained Address Space Randomization has been considered as an effective protection against code reuse attacks such as ROP/JOP. However, it only employs a one-time randomization, and such a limitation has been exploited by recent just-in-time ROP and side channel ROP, which collect gadgets on-the-fly and dynamically compile them for malicious purposes. To defeat these advanced code reuse attacks, we propose a new defense principle: instantly obsoleting the address-code associations. Read More

It is well known that non-central nuclear forces, such as the spin-orbital coupling and the tensor force, play important roles in understanding many interesting features of nuclear structures. However, their dynamical effects in nuclear reactions are poorly known since only the spin-averaged observables are normally studied both experimentally and theoretically. Realizing that spin-sensitive observables in nuclear reactions may carry useful information about the in-medium properties of non-central nuclear interactions, besides earlier studies using the time-dependent Hartree-Fock approach to understand effects of spin-orbital coupling on the threshold energy and spin polarization in fusion reactions, some efforts have been made recently to explore dynamical effects of non-central nuclear forces in intermediate-energy heavy-ion collisions using transport models. Read More

We present a cluster Gutzwiller mean-field study for ground states and time-evolution dynamics in the Bose-Hubbard ladder (BHL), which can be realized by loading Bose atoms in double-well optical lattices. In our cluster mean-field approach, we treat each double-well unit of two lattice sites as a coherent whole for composing the cluster Gutzwiller ansatz, which may remain some residual correlations in each two-site unit. For a unbiased BHL, in addition to conventional superfluid phase and integer Mott insulator phases, we find that there are exotic fractional insulator phases if the inter-chain tunneling is much stronger than the intra-chain one. Read More

**Affiliations:**

^{1}NAOC,

^{2}NAOC

Fast radio bursts show large dispersion measures, much larger than the Galactic dispersion measure foreground. Therefore,they evidently have an extragalactic origin. We investigate possible contributions to the dispersion measure from host galaxies. Read More

Carbon ions offer significant advantages for deep-seated local tumors therapy due to their physical and biological properties. Secondary particles, especially neutrons caused by heavy ion reactions should be carefully considered in treatment process and radiation protection. For radiation protection purposes, the FLUKA Code was used in order to evaluate the radiation field at deep tumor therapy room of HIRFL in this paper. Read More

Based on an improved isospin- and momentum-dependent interaction, we have
studied the qualitative effect of isospin splitting of nucleon effective mass
on the specific shear viscosity of neutron-rich nuclear matter from a
relaxation time approach. It is seen that for $m_n^\star>m_p^\star$, the
relaxation time of neutrons is smaller and the neutron flux between flow layers
is weaker, leading to a smaller specific shear viscosity of neutron-rich matter
compared to the case for $m_n^\star

Incorporating a newly improved isospin- and momentum-dependent interaction in the isospin-dependent Boltzmann-Uehling-Uhlenbeck transport model IBUU11, we have investigated relative effects of the density dependence of nuclear symmetry energy $E_{sym}(\rho)$ and the neutron-proton effective mass splitting $m^*_n-m^*_p$ on the neutron/proton ratio of free nucleons and those in light clusters. It is found that the $m^*_n-m^*_p$ has a relatively stronger effect than the $E_{sym}(\rho)$ and the assumption of $m^*_n\leq m^*_p$ leads to a higher neutron/proton ratio. Moreover, this finding is independent of the in-medium nucleon-nucleon cross sections used. Read More

We numerically investigate the ground state, the Raman-driving dynamics and the nonlinear excitations of a realized spin-orbit-coupled Bose-Einstein condensate in a one-dimensional harmonic trap. Depending on the Raman coupling and the interatomic interactions, three ground-state phases are identified: stripe, plane wave and zero-momentum phases. A narrow parameter regime with coexistence of stripe and zero-momentum or plane wave phases in real space is found. Read More

The spin up-down splitting of collective flows in intermediate-energy heavy-ion collisions as a result of the nuclear spin-orbit interaction is investigated within a spin- and isospin-dependent Boltzmann-Uehing-Uhlenbeck transport model SIBUU12. Using a Skyrme-type spin-orbit coupling quadratic in momentum, we found that the spin splittings of the directed flow and elliptic flow are largest in peripheral Au+Au collisions at beam energies of about 100-200 MeV/nucleon, and the effect is considerable even in smaller systems especially for nucleons with high transverse momenta. The collective flows of light clusters of different spin states are also investigated using an improved dynamical coalescence model with spin. Read More

Recently, Lemoult et al. [Phys. Rev. Read More

We report on a diode-pumped passively mode-locked Yb:Lu$_{1.5}$Y$_{1.5}$Al$_5$O$_{12}$ (Yb:LuYAG) laser for the first time to our knowledge. Read More

Thermal properties of asymmetric nuclear matter, including the temperature dependence of the symmetry energy, single-particle properties, and differential isospin fractionation, are investigated with different neutron-proton effective mass splittings using an improved isospin- and momentum-dependent interaction. In this improved interaction, the momentum-dependence of the isoscalar single-particle potential at saturation density is well fitted to that extracted from optical model analyses of proton-nucleus scattering data up to nucleon kinetic energy of 1 GeV, and the isovector properties, i.e. Read More

The elliptic flow splitting between particles and their antiparticles has recently been observed by the STAR Collaboration in the beam-energy scan program at the Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider. In studies based on transport models, we have found that this splitting can be explained by the different mean-field potentials acting on particles and their antiparticles in the produced baryon-rich matter. In particular, we have shown that the experimentally measured relative elliptic flow difference can help constrain the vector coupling constant in the Nambu-Jona-Lasinio model used in describing the partonic stage of heavy-ion collisions. Read More

We investigate the many-body Landau-Zener (LZ) process in a two-site Bose-Hubbard model driven by a time-periodic field. We find that the driving field may induce sideband transitions in addition to the main LZ transitions. These photon-induced sideband transitions are a signature of the photon-assisted tunneling in our many-body LZ process. Read More

Using a holographic approach, we experimentally study the near-field intensity distribution of light squeezed through an isolated subwavelength plasmonic hole in a thin metallic film. Our experiments revealed an in-plane electric dipole moment excited near the isolated hole. By analyzing the fringe patterns formed between the in-plane dipole and plane wave illumination, both the transmission coefficient and phase shift of the dipole can be retrieved. Read More

The New Vacuum Solar Telescope (NVST) is a 1 meter vacuum solar telescope that aims to observe the fine structures on the Sun. The main tasks of NVST are high resolution imaging and spectral observations, including the measurements of solar magnetic field. NVST is the primary ground-based facility of Chinese solar community in this solar cycle. Read More