Julien Chiquet - LaMME

Julien Chiquet
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Julien Chiquet

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Statistics - Methodology (5)
Statistics - Applications (5)
Statistics - Computation (2)
Statistics - Machine Learning (1)
Quantitative Biology - Quantitative Methods (1)

Publications Authored By Julien Chiquet

Many application domains such as ecology or genomics have to deal with multivariate non Gaussian observations. A typical example is the joint observation of the respective abundances of a set of species in a series of sites, aiming to understand the co-variations between these species. The Gaussian setting provides a canonical way to model such dependencies, but does not apply in general. Read More

We propose a novel approach for estimating the location of block boundaries (change-points) in a random matrix consisting of a block wise constant matrix observed in white noise. Our method consists in rephrasing this task as a variable selection issue. We use a penalized least-squares criterion with an $\ell_1$-type penalty for dealing with this issue. Read More

In tumoral cells, gene regulation mechanisms are severely altered, and these modifications in the regulations may be characteristic of different subtypes of cancer. However, these alterations do not necessarily induce differential expressions between the subtypes. To answer this question, we propose a statistical methodology to identify the misregulated genes given a reference network and gene expression data. Read More

Given a data set with many features observed in a large number of conditions, it is desirable to fuse and aggregate conditions which are similar to ease the interpretation and extract the main characteristics of the data. This paper presents a multidimensional fusion penalty framework to address this question when the number of conditions is large. If the fusion penalty is encoded by an $\ell_q$-norm, we prove for uniform weights that the path of solutions is a tree which is suitable for interpretability. Read More

Conditional Gaussian graphical models (cGGM) are a recent reparametrization of the multivariate linear regression model which explicitly exhibits $i)$ the partial covariances between the predictors and the responses, and $ii)$ the partial covariances between the responses themselves. Such models are particularly suitable for interpretability since partial covariances describe strong relationships between variables. In this framework, we propose a regularization scheme to enhance the learning strategy of the model by driving the selection of the relevant input features by prior structural information. Read More

This paper proposes a new robust regression interpretation of sparse penalties such as the elastic net and the group-lasso. Beyond providing a new viewpoint on these penalization schemes, our approach results in a unified optimization strategy. Our evaluation experiments demonstrate that this strategy, implemented on the elastic net, is computationally extremely efficient for small to medium size problems. Read More

We consider the problems of estimation and selection of parameters endowed with a known group structure, when the groups are assumed to be sign-coherent, that is, gathering either nonnegative, nonpositive or null parameters. To tackle this problem, we propose the cooperative-Lasso penalty. We derive the optimality conditions defining the cooperative-Lasso estimate for generalized linear models, and propose an efficient active set algorithm suited to high-dimensional problems. Read More

Gaussian Graphical Models provide a convenient framework for representing dependencies between variables. Recently, this tool has received a high interest for the discovery of biological networks. The literature focuses on the case where a single network is inferred from a set of measurements, but, as wetlab data is typically scarce, several assays, where the experimental conditions affect interactions, are usually merged to infer a single network. Read More

We present a weighted-Lasso method to infer the parameters of a first-order vector auto-regressive model that describes time course expression data generated by directed gene-to-gene regulation networks. These networks are assumed to own a prior internal structure of connectivity which drives the inference method. This prior structure can be either derived from prior biological knowledge or inferred by the method itself. Read More

Our concern is selecting the concentration matrix's nonzero coefficients for a sparse Gaussian graphical model in a high-dimensional setting. This corresponds to estimating the graph of conditional dependencies between the variables. We describe a novel framework taking into account a latent structure on the concentration matrix. Read More