Jose Prieto - Princeton

Jose Prieto
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Jose Prieto
United States

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Solar and Stellar Astrophysics (30)
Cosmology and Nongalactic Astrophysics (13)
High Energy Astrophysical Phenomena (9)
Astrophysics of Galaxies (5)
Earth and Planetary Astrophysics (3)
Astrophysics (3)
Physics - Materials Science (2)
Physics - Mesoscopic Systems and Quantum Hall Effect (2)
Mathematics - Algebraic Topology (2)
Mathematics - Differential Geometry (2)
Mathematics - Number Theory (1)
Instrumentation and Methods for Astrophysics (1)

Publications Authored By Jose Prieto

For a Riemannian foliation F on a compact manifold M , J. A. \'Alvarez L\'opez proved that the geometrical tautness of F , that is, the existence of a Riemannian metric making all the leaves minimal submanifolds of M, can be characterized by the vanishing of a basic cohomology class (the \'Alvarez class). Read More

Core-collapse supernova explosions expose the structure and environment of massive stars at the moment of their death. We use the global fitting technique of Pejcha & Prieto (2015a,b) to derive a set of physical parameters of normal Type II SNe, such as their distance moduli, reddenings, $^{56}$Ni masses $M_{\rm Ni}$, and explosion energies $E_{\rm exp}$ from multicolor light curves and photospheric velocities. We confirm and characterize known correlations between $M_{\rm Ni}$ and bolometric luminosity at 50 days after the explosion, and between $M_{\rm Ni}$ and $E_{\rm exp}$. Read More

It has recently been discovered that some, if not all, classical novae emit GeV gamma-rays during outburst, but the mechanics of this gamma-ray emission are still not well understood. We present here a comprehensive, multi-wavelength dataset---from radio to X-rays---for the most gamma-ray luminous classical nova to-date, V1324 Sco. Using this dataset, we show that V1324 Sco is a canonical dusty Fe-II type nova, with a bulk ejecta velocity of $1150 \pm 40~\rm km~s^{-1}$ and an ejecta mass of $2. Read More

As part of an ALMA survey to study the origin of episodic accretion in young eruptive variables, we have observed the circumstellar environment of the star V2775 Ori. This object is a very young, pre-main sequence object which displays a large amplitude outburst characteristic of the FUor class. We present Cycle-2 band 6 observations of V2775 Ori with a continuum and CO (2-1) isotopologue resolution of 0. Read More

We report European Very Long Baseline Interferometry Network (EVN) radio continuum observations of ASASSN-14li, one of the best studied tidal disruption events (TDEs) to date. At 1.7 GHz with ~12x6mas resolution, the emission is unresolved. Read More

In some planet formation theories, protoplanets grow gravitationally within a young star's protoplanetary disk, a signature of which may be a localized disturbance in the disk's radial and/or vertical structure. Using time-series photometric observations by the Kilodegree Extremely Little Telescope South (KELT-South) project and the All-Sky Automated Survey for SuperNovae (ASAS-SN), combined with archival observations, we present the discovery of two extended dimming events of the young star, DM Ori. This young system faded by $\sim$1. Read More

Outbursts on young stars are usually interpreted as accretion bursts caused by instabilities in the disk or the star-disk connection. However, some protostellar outbursts may not fit into this framework. In this paper, we analyze optical and near-infrared spectra and photometry to characterize the 2015 outburst of the probable young star ASASSN-15qi. Read More

A snow-line is the region of a protoplanetary disk at which a major volatile, such as water or carbon monoxide, reaches its condensation temperature. Snow-lines play a crucial role in disk evolution by promoting the rapid growth of ice-covered grains. Signatures of the carbon monoxide snow-line (at temperatures of around 20 kelvin) have recently been imaged in the disks surrounding the pre-main-sequence stars TW Hydra and HD163296, at distances of about 30 astronomical units (au) from the star. Read More

Continuing the project described by Kato et al. (2009, arXiv:0905.1757), we collected times of superhump maxima for 128 SU UMa-type dwarf novae observed mainly during the 2015-2016 season and characterized these objects. Read More

We report the discovery and classification of SDSS~J053341.43+001434.1 (SDSS0533), an early-L dwarf first discovered during a powerful $\Delta V < -11$ magnitude flare observed as part of the ASAS-SN survey. Read More

Authors: Taichi Kato, Franz-Josef Hambsch, Pavol A. Dubovsky, Igor Kudzej, Berto Monard, Ian Miller, Hiroshi Itoh, Seiichiro Kiyota, Kazunari Masumoto, Daiki Fukushima, Hiroki Kinoshita, Kazuki Maeda, Jyunya Mikami, Risa Matsuda, Naoto Kojiguchi, Miho Kawabata, Megumi Takenaka, Katsura Matsumoto, Enrique de Miguel, Yutaka Maeda, Tomohito Ohshima, Keisuke Isogai, Roger D. Pickard, Arne Henden, Stella Kafka, Hidehiko Akazawa, Noritoshi Otani, Sakiko Ishibashi, Minako Ogi, Kenji Tanabe, Kazuyoshi Imamura, William Stein, Kiyoshi Kasai, Tonny Vanmunster, Peter Starr, Elena P. Pavlenko, Oksana I. Antonyuk, Kirill A. Antonyuk, Aleksei A. Sosnovskij, Nikolaj V. Pit, Julia V. Babina, Aleksandr Sklyanov, Rudolf Novak, Arto Oksanen, Shawn Dvorak, Raul Michel, Gianluca Masi, Colin Littlefield, Joseph Ulowetz, Sergey Yu. Shugarov, Polina Yu. Golysheva, Drahomir Chochol, Viktoriia Krushevska, Javier Ruiz, Tamas Tordai, Etienne Morelle, Richard Sabo, Hiroyuki Maehara, Michael Richmond, Natalia Katysheva, Kenji Hirosawa, William N. Goff, Franky Dubois, Ludwig Logie, Steve Rau, Irina B. Voloshina, Maksim V. Andreev, Kazuhiko Shiokawa, Vitaly V. Neustroev, George Sjoberg, Sergey Zharikov, Nick James, Greg Bolt, Tim Crawford, Denis Buczynski, Lewis M. Cook, Christopher S. Kochanek, Benjamin Shappee, Krzysztof Z. Stanek, Jose L. Prieto, Denis Denisenko, Hideo Nishimura, Masaru Mukai, Shizuo Kaneko, Seiji Ueda, Rod Stubbings, Masayuki Moriyama, Patrick Schmeer, Eddy Muyllaert, Jeremy Shears, Robert J. Modic, Kevin B. Paxson

Continuing the project described by Kato et al. (2009, arXiv:0905.1757), we collected times of superhump maxima for 102 SU UMa-type dwarf novae observed mainly during the 2014-2015 season and characterized these objects. Read More


Spin-orbit effects [1-4] have the potential of radically changing the field of spintronics by allowing transfer of spin angular momentum to a whole new class of materials. In a seminal letter to Nature [5], Kajiwara et al. showed that by depositing Platinum (Pt, a normal metal) on top of a 1. Read More

Hydrogen-rich Type II-Plateau supernovae exhibit correlations between the plateau luminosity $L_{\rm pl}$, the nickel mass $M_{\rm Ni}$, the explosion energy $E_{\rm exp}$, and the ejecta mass $M_{\rm ej}$. Using our global, self-consistent, multi-band model of nearby well-observed supernovae, we find that the covariances of these quantities are strong and that the confidence ellipsoids are oriented in the direction of the correlations, which reduces their significance. By proper treatment of the covariance matrix of the model, we discover a significant intrinsic width to the correlations between $L_{\rm pl}$, $E_{\rm exp}$, and $M_{\rm Ni}$, where the uncertainties due to the distance and the extinction dominate. Read More

The half antivortex, a fundamental topological structure which determines magnetization reversal of submicron magnetic devices with domain walls, has been suggested also to play a crucial role in spin torque induced vortex core reversal in circular disks. Here we report on magnetization reversal in circular disks with nanoholes through consecutive metastable states with half antivortices. In-plane anisotropic magnetoresistance and broadband susceptibility measurements accompanied by micromagnetic simulations reveal that cobalt disks with two and three linearly arranged nanoholes directed at 45 and 135 degrees with respect to the external magnetic field show reproducible step-like changes in the anisotropic magnetoresistance and magnetic permeability due to transitions between different intermediate states mediated by vortices and half antivortices confined to the dot nanoholes and edges, respectively. Read More

We present a new self-consistent and versatile method that derives photospheric radius and temperature variations of Type II-Plateau supernovae based on their expansion velocities and photometric measurements. We apply the method to a sample of 26 well-observed, nearby supernovae with published light curves and velocities. We simultaneously fit ~230 velocity and ~6800 magnitude measurements distributed over 21 photometric passbands spanning wavelengths from 0. Read More

In this work we introduce new folding axioms involving easy 3D manoeuvres with the aim to push forward the arithmetic limits of the Huzita-Justin axioms. Those 3D axioms involve the use of a flat surface and the rigidity property of convex polyhedra. Using those folding moves, we show that we can construct all Abelian numbers, and numbers whose Galois group is not solvable. Read More

We present extensive optical and near-infrared photometric and spectroscopic observations of the stripped-envelope (SE) supernova SN 2010as. Spectroscopic peculiarities, such as initially weak helium features and low expansion velocities with a nearly flat evolution, place this object in the small family of events previously identified as transitional Type Ib/c supernovae (SNe). There is ubiquitous evidence of hydrogen, albeit weak, in this family of SNe, indicating that they are in fact a peculiar kind of Type IIb SNe that we name "flat-velocity Type IIb". Read More

Affiliations: 1Kyoto U

Continuing the project described by Kato et al. (2009, PASJ, 61, S395, arXiv:0905.1757), we collected times of superhump maxima for 56 SU UMa-type dwarf novae mainly observed during the 2013-2014 season and characterized these objects. Read More

We report on an experimental study on the spin-waves relaxation rate in two series of nanodisks of diameter $\phi=$300, 500 and 700~nm, patterned out of two systems: a 20~nm thick yttrium iron garnet (YIG) film grown by pulsed laser deposition either bare or covered by 13~nm of Pt. Using a magnetic resonance force microscope, we measure precisely the ferromagnetic resonance linewidth of each individual YIG and YIG{\textbar}Pt nanodisks. We find that the linewidth in the nanostructure is sensibly smaller than the one measured in the extended film. Read More

We discover clear doubly-peaked line profiles in 3 out of ~20 type Ia supernovae (SNe Ia) with high-quality nebular-phase spectra. The profiles are consistently present in three well-separated Co/Fe emission features. The two peaks are respectively blue-shifted and red-shifted relative to the host galaxies and are separated by ~5000 km/s. Read More

We report the serendipitous discovery of a disk-eclipse system OGLE-LMC-ECL-11893. The eclipse occurs with a period of 468 days, a duration of about 15 days and a deep (up to \Delta I ~1.5), peculiar and asymmetric profile. Read More


Continuing the project described by Kato et al. (2009a, arXiv:0905.1757), we collected times of superhump maxima for SU UMa-type dwarf novae mainly observed during the 2012-2013 season. Read More

The recent supernova (SN) known as SN 2009ip had dramatic precursor eruptions followed by an even brighter explosion in 2012. Its pre-2012 observations make it the best documented SN progenitor in history, but have fueled debate about the nature of its 2012 explosion --- whether it was a true SN or some type of violent non-terminal event. Both could power shock interaction with circumstellar material (CSM), but only a core-collapse SN provides a self-consistent explanation. Read More

This is the first release of optical spectroscopic data of low-redshift Type Ia supernovae (SNe Ia) by the Carnegie Supernova Project including 604 previously unpublished spectra of 93 SNe Ia. The observations cover a range of phases from 12 days before to over 150 days after the time of B-band maximum light. With the addition of 228 near-maximum spectra from the literature we study the diversity among SNe Ia in a quantitative manner. Read More

We present the first definitive measurement of the absolute magnitude of RR Lyrae c-type variable stars (RRc) determined purely from statistical parallax. We use a sample of 247 RRc selected from the All Sky Automated Survey (ASAS) for which high-quality light curves, photometry and proper motions are available. We obtain high-resolution echelle spectra for these objects to determine radial velocities and abundances as part of the Carnegie RR Lyrae Survey (CARRS). Read More

We have undertaken a new ground-based monitoring campaign on the BLRG 3C390.3 to improve the measurement of the size of the BLR and to estimate the black hole mass. Optical spectra and g-band images were observed in 2005 using the 2. Read More

SN2011ht has been described both as a true supernova and as an impostor. In this paper, we conclude that it does not match some basic expectations for a core-collapse event. We discuss SN2011ht's spectral evolution from a hot dense wind to a cool dense wind, followed by the post-plateau appearance of a faster low density wind during a rapid decline in luminosity. Read More

We show that any transversally complete Riemannian foliation F of dimension one on any possibly non-compact manifold M is tense; namely, (M,F) admits a Riemannian metric such that the mean curvature form of F is basic. This is a partial generalization of a result of Dominguez, which says that any Riemannian foliation on any compact manifold is tense. Our proof is based on some results of Molino and Sergiescu, and it is simpler than the original proof by Dominguez. Read More

The 2008 optical transient in NGC 300 is one of a growing class of intermediate-luminosity transients that brighten several orders of magnitude from a previously optically obscured state. The origin of their eruptions is not understood. Our multi-wavelength photometry and spectroscopy from maximum light to more than a year later provide a record of its post-eruption behavior. Read More

We present the discovery and follow-up observations of SN 2008jb, a core-collapse supernova in the dwarf irregular galaxy ESO 302-14 at 9.6 Mpc. This transient was missed by galaxy-targeted surveys and was only found in archival optical images obtained by CRTS and ASAS. Read More

Affiliations: 1Caltech, UC Berkeley, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, 2Ohio State University, 3Ohio State University, 4Carnegie Observatories, 5Ohio State University

The metallicity of a star strongly affects both its evolution and the properties of the stellar remnant that results from its demise. It is generally accepted that stars with initial masses below ~8 M_sun leave behind white dwarfs and that some sub-population of these lead to Type Ia supernovae. However, it is often tacitly assumed that metallicity has no effect on the rate of SNe Ia. Read More

In this paper, we prove that the orbit space B and the Euler class of an action of the circle S^1 on X determine both the equivariant intersection cohomology of the pseudomanifold X and its localization. We also construct a spectral sequence converging to the equivariant intersection cohomology of X whose third term is described in terms of the intersection cohomology of B. Read More

We identify a "supernova rate problem": the measured cosmic core-collapse supernova rate is a factor of ~ 2 smaller (with significance ~ 2 sigma) than that predicted from the measured cosmic massive-star formation rate. The comparison is critical for topics from galaxy evolution and enrichment to the abundance of neutron stars and black holes. We systematically explore possible resolutions. Read More

We present a catalog of photometrically variable stars discovered within two 21'.3 X 21'.3 fields centered on the Cygnus OB2 association. Read More

The luminosity, light curve, post--maximum spectrum, and lack of a progenitor on deep pre-outburst images suggest that SN 2010U was a luminous, fast nova. Its outburst magnitude is consistent with that for a fast nova using the Maximum Magnitude-Rate of Decline relationship for classical novae. Read More

We apply the Standardized Candle Method (SCM) for Type II Plateau supernovae (SNe II-P), which relates the velocity of the ejecta of a SN to its luminosity during the plateau, to 15 SNe II-P discovered over the three season run of the Sloan Digital Sky Survey - II Supernova Survey. The redshifts of these SNe - 0.027 < z < 0. Read More

We present ugriz light curves for 146 spectroscopically confirmed or spectroscopically probable Type Ia supernovae from the 2005 season of the SDSS-II Supernova survey. The light curves have been constructed using a photometric technique that we call scene modelling, which is described in detail here; the major feature is that supernova brightnesses are extracted from a stack of images without spatial resampling or convolution of the image data. This procedure produces accurate photometry along with accurate estimates of the statistical uncertainty, and can be used to derive photometry taken with multiple telescopes. Read More

We present a Spitzer/IRS low-resolution mid-infrared spectrum (5-14 micron) of the luminous transient discovered in the nearby galaxy NGC 300 in May 2008. The spectrum, obtained three months after discovery, shows that the transient is very luminous in the mid-IR. Furthermore, the spectrum shows strong, broad emission features at 8 and 12 micron that are observed in Galactic carbon-rich proto-planetary nebulae. Read More

We use the star formation history map of the Large Magellanic Cloud to study the sites of the eight smallest (and presumably youngest) supernova remnants in the Cloud: SN 1987A, N158A, N49, and N63A (core collapse remnants), 0509-67.5, 0519-69.0, N103B, and DEM L71 (Type Ia remnants). Read More

We use the star formation history map of the Large Magellanic Cloud recently published by Harris & Zaritsky to study the sites of the youngest Type Ia supernova remnants. We find that most Type Ia remnants are associated with old, metal-poor stellar populations, with little or no recent star formation. These include SNR 0509-67. Read More

A luminous optical transient (OT) that appeared in NGC 300 in early 2008 had a maximum brightness, M_V ~ -12 to -13, intermediate between classical novae and supernovae. We present ground-based photometric and spectroscopic monitoring and adaptive-optics imaging of the OT, as well as pre- and post-outburst space-based imaging with HST and Spitzer. The optical spectrum at maximum showed an F-type supergiant photosphere with superposed emission lines of hydrogen, Ca II, and [Ca II], similar to the spectra of low-luminosity Type IIn "supernova impostors" like SN 2008S, as well as cool hypergiants like IRC +10420. Read More

Affiliations: 1Ohio State University, 2Ohio State University, 3Ohio State University, 4Ohio State University, 5Ohio State University, 6Ohio State University
Category: Astrophysics

The progenitors of SN 2008S and the 2008 transient in NGC300 were dust-enshrouded, with extremely red mid-infrared (MIR) colors and relatively low luminosities. The transients were optically faint (-13 < M_V < -15) compared to normal core-collapse supernovae (SNe), and their spectra exhibited narrow emission lines. These events are unique among transient-progenitor pairs and hence constitute a new class. Read More

We examine the properties of 17 long period (80-180 days) and very luminous (median absolute magnitude of M_I= -7.93 and M_V= -7.03) Cepheids to see if they can serve as an useful distance indicator. Read More

This paper presents spectroscopy of supernovae discovered in the first season of the Sloan Digital Sky Survey-II Supernova Survey. This program searches for and measures multi-band light curves of supernovae in the redshift range z = 0.05 - 0. Read More