Jon Urrestilla - University of Sussex, Brighton, UK

Jon Urrestilla
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Jon Urrestilla
University of Sussex, Brighton, UK
United Kingdom

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High Energy Physics - Theory (29)
Cosmology and Nongalactic Astrophysics (17)
High Energy Physics - Phenomenology (12)
Astrophysics (6)
General Relativity and Quantum Cosmology (6)

Publications Authored By Jon Urrestilla

We present the first CMB power spectra from numerical simulations of the global O(N) linear $\sigma$-model with N = 2,3, which have global strings and monopoles as topological defects. In order to compute the CMB power spectra we compute the unequal time correlators (UETCs) of the energy-momentum tensor, showing that they fall off at high wave number faster than naive estimates based on the geometry of the defects, indicating non-trivial (anti-)correlations between the defects and the surrounding Goldstone boson field. We obtain source functions for Einstein-Boltzmann solvers from the UETCs, using a recent method that improves the modelling at the radiation- matter transition. Read More

We investigate cosmic string networks in the Abelian Higgs model using data from a campaign of large-scale numerical simulations on lattices of up to $4096^3$ grid points. We observe scaling or self-similarity of the networks over a wide range of scales, and estimate the asymptotic values of the mean string separation in horizon length units $\dot{\xi}$ and of the mean square string velocity $\bar v^2$ in the continuum and large time limits. The scaling occurs because the strings lose energy into classical radiation of the scalar and gauge fields of the Abelian Higgs model. Read More

Authors: CORE Collaboration, Fabio Finelli, Martin Bucher, Ana Achúcarro, Mario Ballardini, Nicola Bartolo, Daniel Baumann, Sébastien Clesse, Josquin Errard, Will Handley, Mark Hindmarsh, Kimmo Kiiveri, Martin Kunz, Anthony Lasenby, Michele Liguori, Daniela Paoletti, Christophe Ringeval, Jussi Väliviita, Bartjan van Tent, Vincent Vennin, Rupert Allison, Frederico Arroja, Marc Ashdown, A. J. Banday, Ranajoy Banerji, James G. Bartlett, Soumen Basak, Jochem Baselmans, Paolo de Bernardis, Marco Bersanelli, Anna Bonaldi, Julian Borril, François R. Bouchet, François Boulanger, Thejs Brinckmann, Carlo Burigana, Alessandro Buzzelli, Zhen-Yi Cai, Martino Calvo, Carla Sofia Carvalho, Gabriella Castellano, Anthony Challinor, Jens Chluba, Ivan Colantoni, Martin Crook, Giuseppe D'Alessandro, Guido D'Amico, Jacques Delabrouille, Vincent Desjacques, Gianfranco De Zotti, Jose Maria Diego, Eleonora Di Valentino, Stephen Feeney, James R. Fergusson, Raul Fernandez-Cobos, Simone Ferraro, Francesco Forastieri, Silvia Galli, Juan García-Bellido, Giancarlo de Gasperis, Ricardo T. Génova-Santos, Martina Gerbino, Joaquin González-Nuevo, Sebastian Grandis, Josh Greenslade, Steffen Hagstotz, Shaul Hanany, Dhiraj K. Hazra, Carlos Hernández-Monteagudo, Carlos Hervias-Caimapo, Matthew Hills, Eric Hivon, Bin Hu, Ted Kisner, Thomas Kitching, Ely D. Kovetz, Hannu Kurki-Suonio, Luca Lamagna, Massimiliano Lattanzi, Julien Lesgourgues, Antony Lewis, Valtteri Lindholm, Joanes Lizarraga, Marcos López-Caniego, Gemma Luzzi, Bruno Maffei, Nazzareno Mandolesi, Enrique Martínez-González, Carlos J. A. P. Martins, Silvia Masi, Darragh McCarthy, Sabino Matarrese, Alessandro Melchiorri, Jean-Baptiste Melin, Diego Molinari, Alessandro Monfardini, Paolo Natoli, Mattia Negrello, Alessio Notari, Filippo Oppizzi, Alessandro Paiella, Enrico Pajer, Guillaume Patanchon, Subodh P. Patil, Michael Piat, Giampaolo Pisano, Linda Polastri, Gianluca Polenta, Agnieszka Pollo, Vivian Poulin, Miguel Quartin, Andrea Ravenni, Mathieu Remazeilles, Alessandro Renzi, Diederik Roest, Matthieu Roman, Jose Alberto Rubiño-Martin, Laura Salvati, Alexei A. Starobinsky, Andrea Tartari, Gianmassimo Tasinato, Maurizio Tomasi, Jesús Torrado, Neil Trappe, Tiziana Trombetti, Carole Tucker, Marco Tucci, Jon Urrestilla, Rien van de Weygaert, Patricio Vielva, Nicola Vittorio, Karl Young

We forecast the scientific capabilities to improve our understanding of cosmic inflation of CORE, a proposed CMB space satellite submitted in response to the ESA fifth call for a medium-size mission opportunity. The CORE satellite will map the CMB anisotropies in temperature and polarization in 19 frequency channels spanning the range 60-600 GHz. CORE will have an aggregate noise sensitivity of $1. Read More

We present an estimation of the average velocity of a network of global monopoles in a cosmological setting using large numerical simulations. In order to obtain the value of the velocity, we improve some already known methods, and present a new one. This new method estimates individual global monopole velocities in a network, by means of detecting each monopole position in the lattice and following the path described by each one of them. Read More

We present cosmic microwave background (CMB) power spectra from recent numerical simulations of cosmic strings in the Abelian Higgs model and compare them to CMB power spectra measured by Planck. We obtain revised constraints on the cosmic string tension parameter $G\mu$. For example, in the $\Lambda$CDM model with the addition of strings and no primordial tensor perturbations, we find $G\mu < 2. Read More

We investigate the non-perturbative stability of supersymmetric compactifications with respect to decay via a bubble of nothing. We show examples where this kind of instability is not prohibited by the spin structure, i.e. Read More

We perform large-scale field theoretical simulations in expanding universe to characterize a network of strings that can form composed bound states. The network consists of two copies of Abelian Higgs strings (which we label p and q, respectively) coupled via a potential term to give pq bound states. The simulations are performed using two different kinds of initial conditions: the first one with a network of p- and q-strings, and the second one with a network of q- and pq-strings. Read More

We report on the energy-momentum correlators obtained with recent numerical simulations of the Abelian Higgs model, essential for the computation of cosmic microwave background and matter perturbations of cosmic strings. Due to significant improvements both in raw computing power and in our parallel simulation framework, the dynamical range of the simulations has increased four-fold both in space and time, and for the first time we are able to simulate strings with a constant physical width in both the radiation and matter eras. The new simulations improve the accuracy of the measurements of the correlation functions at the horizon scale and confirm the shape around the peak. Read More

In this work we discuss the possibility of cosmic defects being responsible for the B-mode signal measured by the BICEP2 collaboration. We also allow for the presence of other cosmological sources of B-modes such as inflationary gravitational waves and polarized dust foregrounds, which might contribute to or dominate the signal. On the one hand, we find that defects alone give a poor fit to the data points. Read More

We analyse the possible contribution of topological defects to cosmic microwave anisotropies, both temperature and polarisation. We allow for the presence of both inflationary scalars and tensors, and of polarised dust foregrounds that may contribute to or dominate the B-mode polarisation signal. We confirm and quantify our previous statements that topological defects on their own are a poor fit to the B-mode signal. Read More

We show that the B-mode polarization signal detected at low multipoles by BICEP2 cannot be entirely due to topological defects. This would be incompatible with the high-multipole B-mode polarization data and also with existing temperature anisotropy data. Adding cosmic strings to a model with tensors, we find that B-modes on their own provide a comparable limit on the defects to that already coming from Planck satellite temperature data. Read More

The space-time dimensions transverse to a static straight cosmic string with a sufficiently large tension (supermassive cosmic strings) are compact and typically have a singularity at a finite distance form the core. In this paper, we discuss how the presence of multiple supermassive cosmic strings in the 4D Abelian-Higgs model can induce the spontaneous compactification of the transverse space and explicitly construct solutions where the gravitational background becomes regular everywhere. We discuss the embedding of this model in N=1 supergravity and show that some of these solutions are half-BPS, in the sense that they leave unbroken half of the supersymmetries of the model. Read More

CMB photons passing through a collapsing texture knot receive an energy shift, creating characteristic cold and hot spots on the sky. We calculate the anisotropy pattern produced by collapsing texture knots of arbitrary shape. The texture dynamics are solved numerically on a Minkowski background. Read More

We study field theoretical models for cosmic strings with flat directions in curved space-time. More precisely, we consider minimal models with semilocal, axionic and tachyonic strings, respectively. In flat space-time, the string solutions of these models have a flat direction, i. Read More

We demonstrate that any scaling source in the radiation era produces a background of gravitational waves with an exact scale-invariant power spectrum. Cosmic defects, created after a phase transition in the early Universe, are such a scaling source. We emphasise that the result is independent of the topology of the cosmic defects, the order of phase transition, and the nature of the symmetry broken, global or gauged. Read More

The recent observation that the Cosmic Microwave Background (CMB) may prefer a neutrino excess has triggered a number of works studying this possibility. The effect obtained by the non-interacting massless neutrino excess could be mimicked by some extra radiation component in the early universe, such as a cosmological gravitational wave background. Prompted by the fact that a possible candidate to source those gravitational waves would be cosmic strings, we perform a parameter fitting study with models which considers both cosmic strings and the effective number of neutrinos as free parameters, using CMB and non-CMB data. Read More

The proposed CMBPol mission will be able to detect the imprint of topological defects on the cosmic microwave background (CMB) provided the contribution is sufficiently strong. We quantify the detection threshold for cosmic strings and for textures, and analyse the satellite's ability to distinguish between these different types of defects. We also assess the level of danger of misidentification of a defect signature as from the wrong defect type or as an effect of primordial gravitational waves. Read More

We present a significant improvement over our previous calculations of the cosmic string contribution to cosmic microwave background (CMB) power spectra, with particular focus on sub-WMAP angular scales. These smaller scales are relevant for the now-operational Planck satellite and additional sub-orbital CMB projects that have even finer resolutions. We employ larger Abelian Higgs string simulations than before and we additionally model and extrapolate the statistical measures from our simulations to smaller length scales. Read More

We discuss the properties of semilocal strings minimally coupled to gravity. Semilocal strings are solutions of the bosonic sector of the Standard Model in the limit $\sin^2\theta_W=1$ (where $\theta_W$ is the Weinberg angle) and correspond to embedded Abelian-Higgs strings for a particular choice of the scalar doublet. We focus on the limit where the gauge boson mass is equal to the Higgs boson mass such that the solutions fulfill the Bogomolnyi-Prasad-Sommerfield (BPS) bound. Read More

Authors: James Aguirre, Alexandre Amblard, Amjad Ashoorioon, Carlo Baccigalupi, Amedeo Balbi, James Bartlett, Nicola Bartolo, Dominic Benford, Mark Birkinshaw, Jamie Bock, Dick Bond, Julian Borrill, Franois Bouchet, Michael Bridges, Emory Bunn, Erminia Calabrese, Christopher Cantalupo, Ana Caramete, Carmelita Carbone, Suchetana Chatterjee, Sarah Church, David Chuss, Carlo Contaldi, Asantha Cooray, Sudeep Das, Francesco De Bernardis, Paolo De Bernardis, Gianfranco De Zotti, Jacques Delabrouille, F. -Xavier Dsert, Mark Devlin, Clive Dickinson, Simon Dicker, Matt Dobbs, Scott Dodelson, Olivier Dore, Jessie Dotson, Joanna Dunkley, Maria Cristina Falvella, Dale Fixsen, Pablo Fosalba, Joseph Fowler, Evalyn Gates, Walter Gear, Sunil Golwala, Krzysztof Gorski, Alessandro Gruppuso, Josh Gundersen, Mark Halpern, Shaul Hanany, Masashi Hazumi, Carlos Hernandez-Monteagudo, Mark Hertzberg, Gary Hinshaw, Christopher Hirata, Eric Hivon, Warren Holmes, William Holzapfel, Wayne Hu, Johannes Hubmayr, Kevin Huffenberger, Kent Irwin, Mark Jackson, Andrew Jaffe, Bradley Johnson, William Jones, Manoj Kaplinghat, Brian Keating, Reijo Keskitalo, Justin Khoury, Will Kinney, Theodore Kisner, Lloyd Knox, Alan Kogut, Eiichiro Komatsu, Arthur Kosowsky, John Kovac, Lawrence Krauss, Hannu Kurki-Suonio, Susana Landau, Charles Lawrence, Samuel Leach, Adrian Lee, Erik Leitch, Rodrigo Leonardi, Julien Lesgourgues, Andrew Liddle, Eugene Lim, Michele Limon, Marilena Loverde, Philip Lubin, Antonio Magalhaes, Davide Maino, Tobias Marriage, Victoria Martin, Sabino Matarrese, John Mather, Harsh Mathur, Tomotake Matsumura, Pieter Meerburg, Alessandro Melchiorri, Stephan Meyer, Amber Miller, Michael Milligan, Kavilan Moodley, Michael Neimack, Hogan Nguyen, Ian O'Dwyer, Angiola Orlando, Luca Pagano, Lyman Page, Bruce Partridge, Timothy Pearson, Hiranya Peiris, Francesco Piacentini, Lucio Piccirillo, Elena Pierpaoli, Davide Pietrobon, Giampaolo Pisano, Levon Pogosian, Dmitri Pogosyan, Nicolas Ponthieu, Lucia Popa, Clement Pryke, Christoph Raeth, Subharthi Ray, Christian Reichardt, Sara Ricciardi, Paul Richards, Graca Rocha, Lawrence Rudnick, John Ruhl, Benjamin Rusholme, Claudia Scoccola, Douglas Scott, Carolyn Sealfon, Neelima Sehgal, Michael Seiffert, Leonardo Senatore, Paolo Serra, Sarah Shandera, Meir Shimon, Peter Shirron, Jonathan Sievers, Kris Sigurdson, Joe Silk, Robert Silverberg, Eva Silverstein, Suzanne Staggs, Albert Stebbins, Federico Stivoli, Radek Stompor, Naoshi Sugiyama, Daniel Swetz, Andria Tartari, Max Tegmark, Peter Timbie, Matthieu Tristram, Gregory Tucker, Jon Urrestilla, John Vaillancourt, Marcella Veneziani, Licia Verde, Joaquin Vieira, Scott Watson, Benjamin Wandelt, Grant Wilson, Edward Wollack, Mark Wyman, Amit Yadav, Giraud-Heraud Yannick, Olivier Zahn, Matias Zaldarriaga, Michael Zemcov, Jonathan Zwart

How did the universe evolve? The fine angular scale (l>1000) temperature and polarization anisotropies in the CMB are a Rosetta stone for understanding the evolution of the universe. Through detailed measurements one may address everything from the physics of the birth of the universe to the history of star formation and the process by which galaxies formed. One may in addition track the evolution of the dark energy and discover the net neutrino mass. Read More

Affiliations: 1Jacobs University Bremen, Germany, 2University of Sussex, Brighton, UK

We study field theoretical models for cosmic (p,q)-superstrings in a curved space-time. We discuss both string solutions, i.e. Read More

While observations indicate that the predominant source of cosmic inhomogeneities are adiabatic perturbations, there are a variety of candidates to provide auxiliary trace effects, including inflation-generated primordial tensors and cosmic defects which both produce B-mode cosmic microwave background (CMB) polarization. We investigate whether future experiments may suffer confusion as to the true origin of such effects, focusing on the ability of Planck to distinguish tensors from cosmic strings, and show that there is no significant degeneracy. Read More

We study the formation and evolution of an interconnected string network in large-scale field-theory numerical simulations, both in flat spacetime and in expanding universe. The network consists of gauge U(1) strings of two different kinds and their bound states, arising due to an attractive interaction potential. We find that the network shows no tendency to ``freeze'' and appears to approach a scaling regime, with all characteristic lengths growing linearly with time. Read More

We present the first ever calculation of cosmic microwave background CMB anisotropy power spectra from semilocal cosmic strings, obtained via simulations of a classical field theory. Semilocal strings are a type of non-topological defect arising in some models of inflation motivated by fundamental physics, and are thought to relax the constraints on the symmetry breaking scale as compared to models with (topological) cosmic strings. We derive constraints on the model parameters, including the string tension parameter mu, from fits to cosmological data, and find that in this regard BPS semilocal strings resemble global textures more than topological strings. Read More

We present the first calculation of the possible (local) cosmic string contribution to the cosmic microwave background polarization spectra from simulations of a string network (rather than a stochastic collection of unconnected string segments). We use field theory simulations of the Abelian Higgs model to represent local U(1) strings, including their radiative decay and microphysics. Relative to previous estimates, our calculations show a shift in power to larger angular scales, making the chance of a future cosmic string detection from the B-mode polarization slightly greater. Read More

We perform a multiparameter likelihood analysis to compare measurements of the cosmic microwave background (CMB) power spectra with predictions from models involving cosmic strings. Adding strings to the standard case of a primordial spectrum with power-law tilt n, we find a 2-sigma detection of strings: f_10 = 0.11 +/- 0. Read More

We present the first field-theoretic calculations of the contribution made by cosmic strings to the temperature power spectrum of the cosmic microwave background (CMB). Unlike previous work, in which strings were modeled as idealized one-dimensional objects, we evolve the simplest example of an underlying field theory containing local U(1) strings, the Abelian Higgs model. Limitations imposed by finite computational volumes are overcome using the scaling property of string networks and a further extrapolation related to the lessening of the string width in comoving coordinates. Read More

In this paper we examine the evolution of the effective field theory describing a conifold transition in type IIB string theory. Previous studies have considered such dynamics starting from the cosmological approximation of homogeneous fields, here we include the effects of inhomogeneities by using a real-time lattice field theory simulation. By including spatial variations we are able to simulate the effect of currents and the gauge fields which they source. Read More

We study static, spherically symmetric, composite global-local monopoles with a direct interaction term between the two sectors in the regime where the interaction potential is large. At some critical coupling the global defect disappears and with it the deficit angle of the space-time. We find new solutions which represent local monopoles in an Anti-de-Sitter spacetime. Read More

We use large-scale numerical simulations to study the formation and evolution of non-topological defects in a generalized electroweak phase transition described by the Glashow-Salam-Weinberg model without fermions. Such defects include dumbbells, comprising a pair of monopoles joined by a segment of electroweak string. These exhibit complex dynamics, with some shrinking under the string tension and others growing due to the monopole-antimonopole attractions between near neighbours. Read More

We analyse the stability of global O(3) monopoles in the infinite cut-off (or scalar mass) limit. We obtain the perturbation equations and prove that the spherically symmetric solution is classically stable (or neutrally stable) to axially symmetric square integrable or power-law decay perturbations. Moreover we show that, in spite of the existence of a conserved topological charge, the energy barrier between the monopole and the vacuum is finite even in the limit where the cut-off is taken to infinity. Read More